Maybe it's a useful visual shorthand to show that a female character is evil (or at least antiheroic) and dominant. Maybe it's just an excuse for including some Author Appeal or Fanservice. Or maybe it's both. In any case, many evil or antiheroic dominant female characters wear costumes obviously inspired by Dominatrix outfits.
However, these ladies are never shown to be actual dominatrices, in the BDSM sense. Their dominatrix-inspired costumes are their "work clothes" (superhero/villain outfits, uniforms, etc.) rather than something they wear to the bedroom.
Common elements include:
- Leather or latex.
- The part covering the body is usually either a leotard or a catsuit, or something very skimpy. A corset can be present.
- High-heeled boots, usually thigh high ones. Fishnet stockings could also make an appearance.
- Opera gloves.
- A choker on her neck.
- The costume will most likely be monochrome, usually black (red is also popular).
- The character's hairdo is often a high ponytail or '20s Bob Haircut.
- Chances are, the character will be wielding a whip.
Note: To qualify for this trope, the character's costume as a whole, in conjunction with her personality, should be reminiscent of a dominatrix. On the other hand, if a character is an actual dominatrix, she's not this trope either, but rather the Dominatrix trope.
This trope can overlap with Evil Is Sexy and Evil Wears Black (not all these women are evil, and not all these costumes are black) and Stripperriffic (not all these costumes are impractical for the characters that wear them). This is usually the easiest way to accomplish Sensible Heroes, Skimpy Villains (even though there are other ways).
May contain Spy Catsuit and Combat Stilettos. Evil Costume Switch often results in this. The character wearing this might be a Combat Sadomasochist, or an outright Sadist. The Baroness is sometimes dressed this way. Compare Bondage Is Bad.
- Devil & Devil: For the Tournament Arc, exorcist Mizuno Soujiro wears a leather outfit that makes her look like a Dominatrix. She describes it as a holy armor passed down from generations, and it gives her enormous Super Strength. Since Mizuno usually dresses rather conservatively, she's rather embarrassed by the whole thing.
Nanami: Mizuno-san, I didn't know you were into that kind of thing?
- Digimon Adventure: Devimon and his Distaff Counterpart LadyDevimon dress in a latex black costume adorned with belts and chains. The latter is a more obvious example than the former, as it's also torn in strategic places.
- Petra Fina Dagmar from Flint the Time Detective dresses in a miniature red dress without straps, a choker, high boots, and long gloves. Her weapon of choice is a whip and her job is being a time-space criminal. At the time of the show that means she steals time mons for her employer.
- In Kaze no Stigma, two girls are brainwashed and put into Go-Go Enslavement by the Big Bad Wannabe. Nanase is put into a dominatrix outfit while Yukari gets put into a French Maid Outfit.
- My Hero Academia: The "R18 Heroine" Midnight is a professional heroine with a dominatrix theme. She wears very revealing outfit and uses a whip as a weapon (although a bonus chapter reveals the revealing parts are actually skin-colored, skin-tight suit, and in the anime they're actually opaque white instead of skin-tone, making her outfit look somewhat more mainstream). However, personality-wise, she's just as upbeat and heroic as the other heroes. A flashback reveals her current costume is actually decent compared to her high-school one: a trench coat and a belt. That's it. There was actually a law passed in response, limiting how much skin a hero's costume can show.
- In One-Punch Man, the villainess Monster Princess Do-S is a particularly Stripperiffic example, dressing in just a black body harness complete with whip that lets her mind control victims. She also wears a facemask to conceal her snake-like mouth.
- Meiko Shiraki from Prison School. She wears Combat Stilettos, carries a riding crop and performs nightly patrols on the school grounds in a latex catsuit.
- As part of her costumes for the School Festival, Ami Kawashima from Toradora! wears a red dominatrix cosplay, whip included, to cheer students (especially the male ones).
- Danger Girl: Sydney Savage wears a Spy Catsuit that shows off her cleavage and high-heeled boots. She also carries a whip.
- The DCU:
- Surprisingly, the famed villainess-turned-antiheroine Catwoman's appearances in comics didn't fit this trope until after the Batman (1966) TV series. In the late 1960s she first got a weird green scaled catsuit with gloves and high-heeled boots, and then a campy black leather leotard with light blue tights, high-heeled buccaneer boots, and opera gloves. After some time spent wearing her original costume, and a gray fursuit (thanks, Frank Miller), she got a new variation on this trope — a purple catsuit with black leather thigh-high boots and black opera gloves. Only in 2002 she got a black leather catsuit that first appeared in the TV series. In most of her appearances she wields a whip. Ironically, during the Miller run she was retconned into working as an actual Dominatrix — but her costume at the time was the aforementioned fursuit, which didn't fit this trope.
- Superwoman, an evil Alternate Universe version of Wonder Woman introduced in 1964, making her possibly the oldest example of this trope in comics. Since Wonder Woman herself was created with certain BDSM undertones, it's no surprise her evil counterpart turned out this way. She originally wore a black leather leotard, high-heel boots, and a cape, and wielded the signature magic lasso which resembles a whip. A later version of her got opera gloves, as well. Her New 52 version wears a shoulderless black leather catsuit, opera gloves, thigh-high high-heeled boots and a cape, and wields a barbed lasso that makes the victim "obey and love" her.
- Shazam!: Mary Marvel once ran into an evil, kinkier, Mirror Universe version of herself who wore a suit consisting of a shiny black leotard, knee-high boots, fishnet stockings, long fingerless gloves, and wore her hair in a ponytail. Mary tends to opt for this kind of outfit when she goes evil herself, too.
- Rose and Thorn: Thorn, the antiheroic Split Personality of Rose, wears a dark green leather costume with thigh high high-heeled boots and opera gloves
- Wonder Woman (1942): In "Ectoplasmic Death", while the long black shorts Bobby's wearing are quite modest the collar around her neck with a strip attached that runs down between her breasts is a rather interesting outfit to wear for laying around on a couch reading.
- Wonder Woman (1987): For a brief period while Artemis was Wonder Woman (due to the events of "The Contest") Diana became a bit more rough around the edges as a hero and wore a mostly black leather ensemble consisting of a leather bra, skin-tight shorts, gloves and a cropped jacket along with Too Many Belts. While she didn't carry a whip, a length of rope to lasso people with remained her iconic weapon.
- Artemis's outfit in Requiem is a white and green Leotard of Power with opera gloves and thigh high boots with spikes around them.
- Lady Death's outfit consists of black leather thigh-high boots, opera gloves, lingerie adorned with skull emblems, and a cape. She's pretty consistently portrayed with a domineering personality, going from a Lady Macbeth in her first appearances in Evil Ernie to a Dark Action Girl in her own series.
- Marvel Universe:
- The Hellfire Club's Black Queens and White Queens wear outfits like this. Emma Frost, even after leaving the Hellfire Club, continues wearing variations of her White Queen outfit, transforming it into her own identity. She's of course an Anti-Hero. Other notably examples include psychic vampire Selene and a Brainwashed and Crazy Jean Grey.
- When Madelyne Pryor became the evil Goblin Queen, she wore a skimpy cropped black leather shirt, a leather loincloth, and thigh-high boots. In a rare male version of this trope, the same happens to her partner Havok who becomes Goblin King, complete with thigh-high boots.
- Rachel Summers frequently has had costumes that have this theme to one extent or another - her main costume while she was with Excalibur, for instance, was a spiked spandex bodysuit. Later costumes, barring her Marvel Girl one, were less obvious about this and tended towards a spiky component.
- Some versions of Madame Hydra's costume feature a skintight green sleeveless catsuit, opera gloves, and high heels. She's often portrayed wielding a whip.
- Illyana Rasputin/Magik also tends to wear the all black leather bondage gear.
- The Fantastic Four:
- Invisible Woman's evil Sexier Alter Ego Malice wore a very skimpy black leather costume, a spiked collar, opera gloves with spiky bracelets, thigh-high high-heeled boots, a spiked gimp mask, and a cape.
- Combining the two, in an Alternate Universe Sue Storm became Madame Hydra (Empress Hydra, to be exact). She rocked a green thigh-cut evening dress, a green choker, opera gloves, high-heeled boots, and a whip.
- Nemesis the Warlock: Female Terminators (The Spanish Inquisition By Any Other Name) tend to be dressed in some sort of outfit that combines Naughty Nuns with dominatrices. For instance, Torquemada's insanely fanatical second wife Sister Sturm wore black high-heeled boots, lingerie, and long gloves.
- Raptors: The vampire Camilla adopts this look while stalking her prey, wearing only a leather corset, long gloves, and thigh high stiletto boots underneath her Badass Longcoat. She does pose as a prostitute at one point, but she clearly only uses it outside of sexual situations.
- Requiem Vampire Knight: Unsurprisingly, most female vampires are dressed in fetishistic Chainmail Bikini/bondage gear such as Claudia Demona (who certainly has a dominatrix personality) and the Sisters of Blood (who are more creepy than sexy). Rebecca also gets to dress up as one in Volume 7 when Requiem tells her to disguise herself in something "inconspicuous" (i.e. pass herself off as a vampire), though she is a little embarrassed.
- Watchmen: Some photos in Dan's scrapbook reveal that Nite-Owl's enemy Lady Twilight used to dress this way. It is later revealed that she is now a madam running a brothel specialising in S&M.
- In Batman Forever, Two-Face's "bad girl" moll Spice wielded a whip and dressed like this (with a corset, fishnets, a spiked choker, and some truly impressive purple and black 80sHair), while his "good girl" moll Sugar wore white lace and a feathered boa.
- Batman Returns: The villainess-slash-antiheroine Catwoman wear a costume similar to the one from the 1966 Batman (1966) TV series, but covered in stitches symbolizing its hand-made origin. She also wields a whip. She's presented as the "wild side" of a meek timid woman.
- The titular heroine of Catwoman (2004), played by Halle Berry, wears a very Stripperific dominatrix outfit, complete with a whip.
- In the Harry Potter film series, Bellatrix Lestrange's character design is close to this. Helena Bonham Carter had input into the costume design for Bellatrix. She typically wears black corsets revealing cleavage, dresses with leather trimming, and shiny high-heeled boots, complete with crazy black hair and dark eye makeup. She even favors a whip spell from her wand in taking down her enemies in the Deathly Hallows: Part 1.
- Jason X: After Kay-Em, a Sex Bot belonging to a socially awkward nerd on the spaceship, is rebuilt as a combat gynoid to fight Jason Voorhees, her outfit changes into what can best be described as "Action Dominatrix": a black leather suit with fingerless long gloves, bullet-decorated neck straps, and a bob haircut (her hairstyle was already like that beforehand, however).
- Mocked in Love Actually where Karen asks her husband which doll should their give their daughter's friend.
"The one that looks like a transvestite? Or the one that looks like a dominatrix?"
- Mad Max 2: The Road Warrior: A rare Gender Inverted Example with the Lord Homungus. While The Apunkalypse is in full swing, the Big Bad nevertheless prefers to dress as a male dominator in the searing Australian heat, with no indication of it being an ouright sexual kink.
- The Project Manager's unnamed Perky Female Minion in Ten Dead Men. In the credits she is listed as Dominatrix.
- Thor: Ragnarok: Hela wears a black catsuit with green elements and high-heeled boots, and has a very dominant personality.
- Sword of Truth: The Mord-Sith are an elite group of female warriors who are infamously cruel and devoid of compassion. Their primary purposes are to capture enemy wizards using special magic, and to torture captives into mindless obedience. They carry leather sticks that resemble riding crops but function as agony beams, and wear full-body leather: usually brown, but white if they're not allowed to draw blood from their victim, and red if they intend to draw blood.
- Ophelia the vampire dresses in a glossy-black synthetic leather catsuit when she goes out for a night of clubbing and drinking. The occasions she dresses like that for are basically exercises in dominance over the "kine" around her. She even thinks to herself that she looks like she ought to be carrying a whip. It's partially also glorying in the fact that she's finally lived long enough to reach an age where a woman can get away with that sort of aggressively sexy clothes.
- Early in the book there's a scene of her mentally sneering as she passes Emma (whom she doesn't know yet), who is also dressed in black leather but does so because it's practical for motorcycle riding, and who gets a minor predator's thrill out of wearing real leather.
- Arrow. Laurel Lance's superhero outfit, a black leather catsuit with plenty of straps, gets a few tongue-in-cheek comments.
Malcolm Merlyn: Excellent! You have your bondage outfit on.
Diggle: With Sara and Lyla gone the last thing I need is the neighbors talking.Laurel: Especially about some strange woman dressed in all black leather.
- When Team Arrow meets at Diggle's house, Dig thanks the girls for coming in through the back door.
- Emma Peel as the Queen of Sin in The Avengers (1960s) episode "A Touch of Brimstone", the inspiration for the X-Men's Hellfire Club in general and Jean Grey's Black Queen outfit in particular.
- Batman (1966): Another early example of this trope. This 1966 version of the Femme Fatale villainess Catwoman wore a tight black leather catsuit with gloves, high-heeled boots, and often wielded a whip. Her comic book version at the time didn't yet wear anything like that (and wouldn't for more than 20 years).
- Tabitha Galavan is usually dressed in some sort of Spy Catsuit with high-heeled boots, wears her hair in a tight ponytail, wields a whip, and is adept at various forms of torture. She's implied to be some sort of inspiration for the young Selina Kyle, the future Catwoman.
- Nancy, one of the Indian Hill escapees from early season 3, wore a full-body black catsuit adorned with belts and buckles, a mask covering her mouth, and her hair tied up in a ponytail. Somewhat amusingly, this causes hardened cop Harvey Bullock to be Distracted by the Sexy in one scene.
- Stargate SG-1: When Vala Mal Doran returned to join the main cast in season 9, she was suddenly wearing a rather fetishistic black leather corset showing her cleavage, a choker covering her neck and her hair tied up in a bun. Given that Vala was already portrayed as a rather playful character, this was likely intentional.
- Stephanie McMahon inexplicably dressed like a dominatrix for her "climactic" match against Brie Bella. The fact she pretty much dominated despite being a non wrestler either added to the humor or exasperation, depending on the viewer.
- Natalya Neidhart adopted a dominatrix-like ring gear in 2015 as she started managing Tyson Kidd and Antonio Cesaro. The reality show Total Divas shows her getting lessons from a hearing-impaired dominatrix.
- When Linda Miles resurfaced as the manager of the Basham Brothers called 'Shaniqua', she wore tight black clothes and carried a whip. The Bashams likewise wore dog collars.
- Tara merged this with Biker Babe in 2011 where her dominatrix gear was like a sexy version of a motorcycle outfit - but she also was pushed as a cougar.
- Battle Arena Toshinden: In the first game, Sofia wears a black leather leotard, thigh-high high-heeled boots, opera gloves, a choker, and a ponytail. She wields a whip. The Soul Series is a spiritual successor to Battle Arena Toshinden, so the similarities aren't coincidental.
- Battletoads: The Big Bad Dark Queen wears a black leather leotard, thigh-high high-heeled boots, opera gloves, and a cape.
- Bayonetta: This antihero witch wears a black Sexy Backless Outfit with gloves and high-heels (which double as her guns), and can use whips to attacks. The only catch is that the whole costume is actually made out of her hair, and whips are usually hair as well.
- Big Fight: The very first boss, Mevella, is the only female one and of course she's dressed like a dominatrix in a black bodysuit open down to her navel, a red ribbon belt, and black boots. Obviously, she's armed with a whip.
- Castlevania: Judgment has Carmilla wearing a very spiky red and black leotard with a dominating and seductive personality. Despite being easily the most fetishized female character in the game, its way more modest than her usual depiction in the series at large, often appearing full-blown naked.
- Dead or Alive: One of Christie's numerous outfits is clearly meant to evoke this, being a combination of long gloves, a bustier, fishnet stockings, and thigh-high boots. Dead or Alive 5 also brought in the below mentioned Rachel from DOA's sister series, Ninja Gaiden.
- Double Dragon:
- In Double Dragon Neon, the series' recurring whip-wielding mook Linda, who previously had either an Amazonian Beauty or Brawn Hilda appearance, is now a curvaceous Combat Sadomasochist clad in a thong leotard, thigh-high boots, choker, and Opera Gloves. She has a similar appearance in Wander of the Dragons, except with a more military/punk aesthetic.
- Much earlier on, Double Dragon V: The Shadow Falls had the aptly-named boss Dominique. She even wore a leather mask.
- In the Dungeon Keeper series, the Mistresses practically embody Bondage Is Bad as minions of your Villain Protagonist, complete with skimpy leather catsuits, Combat Stilettos, and metal claws. They also have plenty of appearances as Advertised Extras and in cinematics, where they have whips to round off the ensemble. In game, they're Combat Sadomasochists and vocally enthusiastic Torture Technicians who are even too kinky for the Dark Gods' comfort.
- Guilty Gear: I-No is a mysterious cruel and manipulative woman, a playable boss in some of the games. She wears a skimpy red jacked and a red miniskirt, a choker, thigh-high boots, and a witch's hat.
- Infectonator! has a ridiculously attractive News Reporter that keeps track of the player's progress. Most of the games have several unlockable Sexy Whatever Outfits for her, one of them being Dressed Like A Dominatrix.
- The protagonist Lady from Lady Stalker wears a backless black dress and black thigh-high boots. She also wears black opera gloves in the art work, but her sprite is bare-armed. She has a short sword to fight with, but her iconic weapon, which she's depicted wielding on the cover, is a whip.
- Monster Rancher 2 had a special Pixie named Poison who dressed in black latex and high boots, had opera gloves, and wore a choker. The anime removed the more overt dominatrix themes but still kept her basic look.
- Ninja Gaiden:
- One of the Ancient Greater Fiends, Ishtaros, is a powerful evil goddess. She wears black thigh-high high-heeled boots, some weird leather straps on her arms, and that's pretty much it. One of her arms sports Femme Fatalons, the other one is a tentacle she uses like a whip.
- Rachel too uses this aesthetic. Her combat suit is made of black leather and consists of thigh-high boots, black gloves, and a harness which exposes her cleavage and lower midriff.
- P.N.03 has the unlockable Papillon Suit, which consists of a thong, chap boots, a midriff-baring halter top, and fingerless opera gloves, and also makes the game Harder Than Hard with Vanessa being a One-Hit Point Wonder while wearing it.
- Maria Tobari from Psycho Dream is dressed in barely covering black leather with high boots and long gloves. She accessorizes with spikes and chains and has a whip as her weapon. The work Maria chooses to dress up like this for is entering comatose people's minds to kill all the mind monsters that keep them comatose. Well, that or she comes to work sensibly dressed and only presents herself with her patients' mind as a dominatrix.
- SiN: In the original game, the Big Bad Elexis Sinclaire, a rich and powerful mad scientist, wears a red latex leotard with a weird midriff window, thigh-high high-heeled boots and a choker.
- Soul Series: Ivy Valentine usually wears some sort of skimpy costume, thigh-high boots and opera gloves. She wields a Whip Sword and loves being cruel to her enemies. Something of note, though, is she is voluntarily chaste in spite of her...liberal take on dress, fearing any offspring she would birth would inherit the taint of Soul Edge that flows through her.
- Rider from Fate/stay night wears a Dangerously Short sleeveless black leotard dress with matching high legging boots, Opera Gloves held to her arms by dark purple leather straps and a matching collar. Her Weapon of Choice is spike chains that she can wrap her opponents in. She also wears a eye mask. Though, that last bit is justified since she actually Medusa and needs to cover her Magical Eyes. Interesting enough, Fate/hollow ataraxia reveals that the look is completely accidental resulting from hilariously applying Surprisingly Realistic Outcome to her mythical backstory.Spoiler Explanation
- In the League of Super Redundant Heroes strip "Assumptions", this is used to justify a Not What It Looks Like situation. A guy was unknowingly married to a female supervillain, so when he comes home and finds her in dominatrix clothes being tied up by her arch-nemesis, he immediately concludes that she's cheating on him. However, while it explains why she's dressed like a dominatrix, for some reason the superhero also dresses in bondage gear, averting the whole Sensible Heroes, Skimpy Villains angle.
- The Mistress from Oglaf is a pretty blatant fantasy example, usually wearing some type of latex lingerie or Chainmail Bikini covering her legs and shoulders and nothing else. Of course, given that Oglaf is a Sex Comedy, she probably does wear it to the bedroom... but then continues wearing it while attending to normal courtroom business.
- The Fairly OddParents: Hair Razor is a superheroine turned evil. She wears a black leather leotard, thigh-high high-heeleed boots, a choker, and a leather jacket.
- In Justice League: Crisis on Two Earths, Superwoman was an Alternate Universe Mary Marvel (even though in the comics she is Wonder Woman's evil analogue). She wore a black leather leotard, fingerless opera gloves, thigh-high boots, a choker, and a high ponytail.
- Metalocalypse: Villainous Stalker with a Test Tube Lavona Succuboso and her followers wear a uniform of low-cut black bodysuits, black tights, Opera Gloves, and high-heeled boots.
- The Powerpuff Girls: Sedusa is a villainess who can use her prehensile hair as whips. She wears a red leotard, black leggings with red fishnets, red thigh-high high-heeled boots, and red opera gloves.