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  • 20,000 Leagues Under the Sea: Played for Drama. Captain Nemo succeeds in obliterating an enemy ship, but it's obvious he didn't want Arronax to see it, and stops caring about the navigation of the Nautilus.
  • The Dan Brown novel Angels and Demons has a particularly spectacular example of this with the popes aide Carlo Ventresca, who poisons the now-late pope and manipulates a series of events, involving the assassination of the preferiti and the holding of the Vatican hostage, just to turn the world against science only for the penultimate scene of the book to reveal that A)the pope committed no lie or falsehood in his service as a priest and B) Carlo Ventresca had killed his own father who'd sired him completely through scientific means just to add insult to the injury of his hatred of science. What followed after this arguably combines Villainous BSoD and Redemption Equals Death.
  • Animorphs largely averts this by having most of the villains start off Pre-broken-down. However, when David finds out he has been deceived and trapped, he begins sliding into this, and when he finds out that his fate is to be trapped in the body of a rat for the rest of his life, he slides over the scale. All through the two hour morph limit, and up until they transport him out to a small island and leave him, he never stops screaming the word "No" over and over, even after they leave. Understandable, considering the circumstances. Even Rachel is haunted by that experience throughout the series.
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    • Big Bad Visser Three (who becomes Visser One near the end) being one of the already broken down villains, has a reverse breakdown when he is finally defeated. All the series he's been an Ax-Crazy personification of pure rage, but after his defeat, for the first time in the series he is calm and soft spoken. He simply slumps down and quietly accepts that the Animorphs won (it helps that he's just been betrayed by his Number Two, who holds the most responsibility in his defeat, and wasn't even defeated in combat).
  • In the climax of Anno Dracula, Genevieve and Charles gain an audience with Dracula. He acts welcoming but arrogantly self-assured in his power, boasting to Genevieve about how he has created a utopia for the undead. However, once Charles assassinates Queen Victoria, thus dissolving Dracula's claim to the throne, he devolves into a feral beast, "[spitting] rage and hate."
  • Artemis Fowl's "lollipops" moment in the first book. Specifically, he suffers a Sarcasm Failure so complete, he can only respond to a heroic wisecrack with the sentence "I don't like lollipops," long after the hero has left the room.
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    • Briar Cudgeon in The Arctic Incident, Spiro's when Artemis apparently disappears in The Eternity Code, Abbot's in The Lost Colony and Opal Koboi's in The Opal Deception and The Time Paradox.
    • Billy Kong's protracted loss of composure, which eventually ends with him getting beaten halfway to Hell by Butler in a Taiwanese skyscraper.
    • The Extinctionists suffer a collective one.
  • James Taggart suffers a truly devastating Villainous Breakdown at the conclusion of Atlas Shrugged; when he realizes that he would rather kill John Galt than survive himself, he suffers a Villainous BSoD and enters what is implied to be irreversible catatonia. He exits from the plot forthwith.
  • Tokinada in Bleach: Can't Fear Your Own World retreats back to his mansion after his plan falls apart, where he's met by Mayuri, who gives him a brief "The Reason You Suck" Speech. Tokinada goes off on a self-aggrandizing rant about how no matter what his punishment is, he'll always be the embodiment of the Karma of the Soul Society. Then, he's stabbed by a completely random girl who's family he killed. That's when Tokinada completely freaks out and starts laughing and screaming to everyone he ever hurt or killed about how this is how it ends, and how none of them will ever get the satisfaction of killing him with their own hands, in spite of the fact most of them don't even care anymore, or are even around to hear it.
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  • The climax of Piers Anthony's Blue Adept sees Stile, in order to win his Great Game match against Adept Red (A dance competition in which Red was demolishing Stile due to Stile's wrecked knees) throws himself into a self-induced trance to see Red as his true love, Lady Blue. Red, who had just confessed that she Does Not Like Men, completely loses it over his show of affection and goes into an Unstoppable Rage right on stage.
  • The Book of Lost Things: Once the Crooked Man's plans are finally thwarted, he tears himself in half.
  • Countess Highglider in Captive of the Red Vixen becomes explosively unhinged towards the end, eventually ranting that the Council of Countesses are commoner sympathizers and how she wants her son back, in front of the entire Council, who unanimously vote to have her committed to the same asylum where her son was incarcerated.
  • In The Color Purple, Albert experiences this after Celie calls him out. He just loses his cool, stammers incoherently, and suffers a mental collapse. Ultimately, this forces him to change, turning him to a legitimately nice individual.
  • So Tropetastic it's featured several times in the Discworld:
    • Lord Hong in Interesting Times goes from a smooth, scheming, would-be Vetinari of near-perfection to just another raving tyrant.
    • Wyrd Sisters had Duke Felmet, who becomes more and more unhinged as the story progresses from the guilt of killing his brother for the throne of Lancre. And from the fact that everyone seems to know, but not care. The citizens of Lancre are more the sort to think that king being killed in usurpation really does count as "Natural Causes" than the sort to rise up in arms over a beloved ruler's death only to be tragically put down. They don't even seem to care that Felmet and his wife are ruling the land with an iron fist: "You couldn't oppress a people like that any more than you could oppress a mattress."
    • Reacher Gilt in Going Postal goes through a subdued form of this trope, going from the perfect con man to someone realizing he's been duped by the ultimate con.
    • And then there's Cosmo Lavish in Making Money. He finally snaps for good right at the end, but it has already become evident as the story progressed that he's been going odd in the head from the start, even while his plans still seemed to be working. He's teetering on the brink and only needs a minor push to go over the edge. The whole thing is symbolised by the finger upon which he wears a ring that's far too small, which starts to sound more and more worrying, until near the end when his glove comes off — what's happened to the finger is revealed to be much the same as what's happened inside his head.
    • Count Magpyr in Carpe Jugulum is a polite, urbane sort who is almost able to convince you that he really is working for the common good in having people queue up to have their blood drunk. After he's been Weatherwaxed, and the villagers turn on him, he loses his calm façade and reverts to the bloodthirsty monster that he really is, until he reaches the point of threatening babies and killing dogs.
    • Salzella from Maskerade goes on an increasingly unhinged Motive Rant upon being revealed as the killer, adding more and more exclamation points to his sentences until he reaches five, earlier noted as a sure sign of madness. His final words are about how the thing he hates most about opera is how people take forever to die, which, of course, is just what he's been doing — taking forever (and ranting all the way).
    • Teatime in Hogfather is quite put off his game when Susan lays out what a sick bastard he is, until he's screaming at his own men, not realizing he's hit the Berserk Button of one by insulting his mother.
  • The Dresden Files:
    • Although he hasn't been the most composed guy over the course of the book, Grevane in Dead Beat has a Villainous Breakdown that saves Harry's (or maybe Ramirez's) life — right at the instant of his death. The entire time he's been trying to fight Harry he's been continuing a major necromantic working, and when Ramirez strikes the killing blow, his mind snaps and refuses to accept that he's dead. As a result, he keeps trying to finish the spell, instead of casting a Death Curse that would take Harry with him.
    • According to Word of God, the Denarian leader Nicodemus hasn't been the same since Harry nearly killed him by strangling him with the Iscariot's Noose. The Xanatos Speed Chessmaster is "quite and thoroughly frightened of Harry at this point."
    • In Skin Game, he breaks completely after Harry kept rubbing it in about how he, by his own hand, sacrificed his own loyal daughter for power. When he fails to kill Harry, he goes after the Carpenter family. There, he brings about circumstances to reforge the broken Sword of Faith before his cult of mortal followers, making him flee in terror and shattering the faith his cult had in him.
    • Arianna Ortega experiences this in Changes. Throughout the book she's been a Smug Snake, and the fact that she plans to murder a little girl purely for selfish reasons only adds to this. Eventually she faces the father of her would-be victim in single combat and ultimately loses badly, getting impaled by numerous ice spears (including one as thick as a man's fist.) As Harry stands over her she simply loses her cool and first says "no no no" over and over again before telling Dresden that he is cattle. He replies "Moo," and blows her head off.
    • Her dad the Red King also suffers an implosive one. After getting heavily injured and overpowered by Harry, he first summons all his soldiers despite earlier showing fear at the prospect and he is reduced from a Smug Snake Chessmaster into a screaming lunatic who inadvertently cuts one of his deputies in half.
  • In Felse Investigates novel Death and The Joyful Woman by Ellis Peters, once it's clear the game is up, the murderer's calm composure splits wide open and a wild Motive Rant ensues.
  • The Girl from the Miracles District: When the Arc Villain from the second book sees that Nikita's coming for him, he's reduced to tears and can't even beg for his life properly.
  • Peter Teleborian, a Smug Snake who physically and emotionally abuses the children placed under his care, suffers this big time in the climax of The Girl Who Kicked the Hornet's Nest. As his testimony is ripped to shreds by the lawyer of one of his former victims, Teleborian loses his cool and can only stammer; when the cops come to take him away for possessing child porn, Teleborian's so shocked that he lost that he can't even bring himself to speak.
  • In John Gardner's Grendel, the eponymous monster who has been philosophical and introspective while he terrorizes the Danes throughout the book has a breakdown when he finally meets someone stronger in Beowulf. Grendel is reduced to blindly running away while crying for his mother after Beowulf tears off his arm.
  • De Griezelbus: At the end of book 4, Onnoval almost breaks down into tears when his Evil Plan actually succeeds, but is then foiled when his manuscript is rewritten on Mister Jacques' computer. He whines about how "unfair" it is, curses the children for defeating him yet again, and disappears into the Dark World as a puddle of slime.
  • Harry Potter
    • Voldemort is always close to the edge, but somehow maintains his cool... until Deathly Hallows at least, where Voldemort has so completely ripped his soul apart from his repeated killing and use of Horcruxes that he completely loses it on several occasions, at one point killing everyone in the room because a hapless goblin delivers some bad news. (Of course, that bad news is that Harry and his friends just stole an artifact that Voldy had turned into a horcrux; he outright panics because Harry knows about and is actively working to destroy the horcruxes.) Even when he BSOD's during the final fight against Harry, he transfers the shock of that into rage and denial.
    • Though Bellatrix was insane to begin with, throughout the series, she just loses it, especially in the final battle. Especially taunting Mrs. Weasley, who was living on grief and adrenaline, producing the ever-famous "NOT MY DAUGHTER, BITCH!!!" reaction.
    • In Order of the Phoenix, Dolores Umbridge has one at the end. First after she used up Snape's fake veritaserum, and he tells her making more will take a month Again, when she is tricked into going into the forest and is attacked by a herd of angry centaurs, trying to hex them and calling them filthy half-breeds and ordering them to unhand her.
  • In the Horus Heresy novels, Erebus snaps when Horus starts playing his own games rather than just following Erebus's plan, loses his cool and begins yelling at Horus — a far cry from the smooth manipulator of the Horus Rising trilogy. It doesn't get him killed, sadly, but Horus does peel off Erebus's face and keeps it as a trophy.
  • In The Hunger Games, when Katniss destroys a stockpile of food and supplies belonging to the "Career" tributes that had given them a nigh-unbeatable edge, their leader, Cato, has a thrashing, screaming meltdown — Katniss, who manages to hide in the bushes just before he makes it back, marvels in a frightened way that people really can snap like that — and finally kills the engineer he'd had working for him, which obviously doesn't help his odds.
    His rage is so extreme it might be comical — so people really do tear out their hair and beat the ground with their fists — if I didn't know that it was aimed at me, at what I had done to him. Add that to my proximity, my inability to run or defend myself, and in fact, the whole thing has me terrified.
  • In Fredrick Forsyth's novel Icon, the Adolf Hitler Expy Russian politician Igor Komarov has a breakdown after a disastrous press conference, and his Heinrich Himmler Expy, Colonel Grishin, reflects that such breakdowns are common among the powerful and arrogant:
    "As he spoke, Komarov had seemed to shrink. The former icy control seeped away, the unhesitating decisiveness appeared to bleed out of him. Grishin knew the phenomenon. It happened to the most fearsome dictators when suddenly stripped of their power. In 1944, Mussolini, the strutting Duce, had become overnight a shabby, frightened little man on the run. Business tycoons, when the banks foreclosed, the jet was confiscated, the limousines were impounded, the credit cards withdrawn, the senior executives quit, and the house of cards came tumbling down, actually diminished in size and the old incisiveness became empty bluster. Grishin knew because he had seen generals and ministers huddled and fearful in his cells, once powerful masters of the apparat reduced to waiting for the party's pitiless judgment... Inside his own world Igor Komarov himself sat like Richard II, maundering over the catastrophe that had overtaken him in such a short time."
  • Happened to the villain of Illusion by Paula Volsky. The book is a fantasy loose retelling of the French Revolution and the Terror. As the Robespierre Expy loses his absolute control, he loses his sanity.
  • Having a breakdown is the last thing that the usually stoic and cold King Haggard does in Peter S. Beagle's The Last Unicorn when he realizes Lady Amalthea is actually a unicorn — the only unicorn to have escaped Haggard's Red Bull sending all the unicorns into the sea.
    "THE LAAAAAAST! I KNEW YOU WERE THE LAAAAAAST!"
  • The Big Bad of Book 1 Le Carillon de la Mort of the Les Messagers du Temps series, Gouttard de Malgrâce, is maybe an insane villain but is composed enough to first keep the Prince/Princess alive, offer him/her a last meal before letting him/her take on the trial of the tower of the Chimes of Death. If a success where the Chimes are destroyed, Gouttard will aggressively attack the Prince/Princess and fight him/her in personal combat.
  • Lone Wolf
    • The Big Bad of Book 7 of the series (Castle Death), Lord Zahda, is initially portrayed as a charismatic Evil Overlord and arrogantly taunts Lone Wolf when he has him flung into the Maze. While Zahda isn't seen again for some time, his next appearance makes it clear that Lone Wolf's victories in the Maze and his subsequent escape have unhinged him. Zahda goes from a feared sorcerer that even the Elder Magi could only seal away to a crazed old man savagely attacking Lone Wolf.
      Lord Zahda: You will die... die... DIE!!
    • Archdruid Cadak from the Grandmaster series suffers a protracted one. Lone Wolf's victory over the Exterminatus in Book 13 leaves Cadak gaping like a fish with his confidence shattered. In the next book he takes Lone Wolf's victory over his new monster with even less grace — he gives off a Big "NO!" and a This Cannot Be! and spends precious seconds staring at his dead monster in shocked disbelief while Lone Wolf escapes. During his final encounter with Lone Wolf, Cadak's composure is shaken again when Lone Wolf completely derails another evil scheme. By this point his death at Lone Wolf's hands is arguably a Mercy Kill.
  • The Lord of the Rings:
    • When Éowyn takes her helmet off during her duel with the Witch-King and reveals that she's a woman, the Witch-King clams up for probably the first time in his (un)life; he doesn't say anything, but is clearly having an internal Freak Out over the implications this may have on the No Man of Woman Born prophecy surrounding him, wondering whether or not Éowyn will be able to actually kill him. He gets his answer shortly after when she slams her sword right through his head, killing him instantly.
    • Sauron himself has one upon realizing the One Ring is at Mount Doom, the one place in all of Middle Earth it, and by extension him, is actually in mortal danger. He becomes both enraged and terrified at the realization for the first time in thousands of years, his life is in actual danger.
  • Secret Police chief Karos Invictad breaks down in Reaper's Gale, the seventh book of the Malazan Book of the Fallen, when Tehol Beddict continually outwits him, really losing it when Tehol demonstrates his superior intellect by solving a puzzle Karos Invictad deemed impossible — and which Tehol created, incidentally, in order to distract Karos Invictad.
  • The Maze Runner: At the end of The Death Cure, A.D. Janson gets a major one during his fight with Thomas, partially because the Gladers have escaped and his plans have been foiled, and partially because he is becoming increasingly more deranged due to having contracted the Flare sometime earlier.
  • Hatsumoto from Memoirs of a Geisha already started losing it when she found out Mameha had taken Sayuri as her little sister and training her to become a geisha, trying several tactics to beat Sayuri, showing just how desperate she was, but Mameha would find ways to best her instead. Once Sayuri became a much more successful geisha than her at such a young age, Hatsumoto really does lose it. And Mameha had no trouble deliberately driving her further off the edge. Which she would eventually succeed.
  • Several antagonists in The Mental State go through this when Zack's machinations get the better of them. Bones has a sudden fit of rage as his gang turns against him, Little Mickey frantically yells orders to his supporters who no longer follow him, and Harry can do nothing but shriek and rave almost incoherently as Zack leaves him to be brutally tortured by his former friends.
  • Ahab's final scene, locked in combat with the white whale in Moby-Dick, produces the famous quote: "Towards thee I roll, thou all-destroying but unconquering whale; to the last I grapple with thee; from hell's heart I stab at thee; for hate's sake I spit my last breath at thee!"
  • One of the creepier moments in Neil Gaiman's Neverwhere comes when the Angel Islington, who has been nothing but calm, reserved, and beatific, wheels on Richard and thunders, "THEY DESERVED IT." when asked about what happened to Atlantis. The book compares it to lifting the lid on a container and seeing something writhing underneath. Richard notes that "in a time of scary things, it was the scariest thing [he] had ever seen."
  • In No Country for Old Men, Anton Chigurh cannot express any emotion, including in his breakdown, but he has one when Carla says that it's not fate or anything compelling him to kill her, and that it's just him making his own choice. Anton then refuses to kill her until after he has pontificated at length about how she's wrong and how he's right and justified, almost as if he's actually talking to reassure himself.
  • In the Outlander series, Captain John Randall normally, in all his villainy, has two main expressions: self-assured calm, and mild irritation. The first time he's shown to completely break down sobbing is when he confesses to Jamie that he loves him, and goes completely psycho when Jamie refuses to respond in the affirmative when he orders Jamie to tell him that he loves him too.
  • Kerry Greenwood's Phryne Fisher sometimes has to cope with these.
    • In Murder in the Dark, the Man Behind the Man foamed at the mouth after The Reveal and was well on the way to being committed to an asylum.
    • In Murder on the Ballarat Train, the killer finally let go with one of these complete with a Nietzsche Wannabe speech.
    • In Queen of the Flowers, the two thugs whom Phryne's friends had been tracking down for information were soon being hunted by a ruthless mob boss, thanks to some remarks she'd made about them. When they later turned up, one got peacefully drunk, but the other went into a screaming tantrum while waving a loaded shotgun.
  • In Will Elliott's The Pilo Family Circus, Kurt Pilo has a particularly spectacular breakdown; convinced that his underlings are turning traitor on him and overcome by rage, he begins mutating into a monstrous demonic reptile with a habit for giggling insanely under his breath. Then, he kills every single carny in his path to killing off the suspected traitors, before being fooled into descending into the depths of the funhous e- and coming face to face with his less-than-approving Employers.
    • Gonko, the normally cool-headed leader of the Clown Division has one halfway through the book, when he discovers that someone has stolen his trousers — which are, in fact, enchanted to produce any number of useful items via the pockets. However, since most of the clowns seem to be insane to a certain degree, this is less of a mental breakdown and more of an explosive temper-tantrum. Nonetheless, whilst obliterating all furniture within reach, he screams this:
      Gonko: If I find the motherfucker who took my pants— I DON'T CARE WHO YOU ARE: CLOWN, ACROBAT, BELOVED FRIEND OR RELATIVE, AN INANIMATE OBJECT... AN ASTRAL BODY... ME MYSELF... A ROCK OR A BOWL OF PICKLES... SOMETHING UTTERLY IMPOSSIBLE TO KILL, LISTEN UP: I'LL FUCKING KILL YOU! I'LL FIND A WAY, IF IT TAKES ME A HUNDRED YEARS... I'LL FIND... A... WAAAAAYY!
    • Mugabo, the Circus Magician, apparently has one every once in a while: being a gifted sorcerer and pyromancer he feels degraded at having to perform the "bunny trick," and breaks into fiery temper-tantrums when pushed into it. However, when the Freedom Movement sabotages his tent and scrawls graffiti all over his equipment near the end of the book, he enters a fully-fledged pyrokinetic psychotic episode, resulting in the death of several carnies and the utter astonishment of the visiting tricks.
  • Nicomo Cosca in Red Country. He doesn't take at all well the loss of his gold. Specially shocking given his usual Affably Evil Lovable Traitor personality.
  • Most of the villains in Redwall books.
    • Gabool the Wild in Mariel of Redwall does it most obviously and impressively. He goes from being evil but reasonably lucid to a gibbering insomniac who can't tell his followers from his sworn enemies and starts to believe that a plundered church bell understands what he's saying and rings itself to mock him. Of course, it might actually have been ringing itself to mock him. It's not clear.
    • Slagar the Cruel in Mattimeo is already crazy at the start, blaming Matthias and the Redwallers for the horrible scarring on his face. By the end, he's raving, frantically reassuring himself that however events turn out, he will "win" somehow. He even plans to steal Matthias's sword, now convinced that it is magic and grants victory to whoever wields it.
    • Tsarmina in Mossflower also does this. Granted, she's being driven insane by a constant dripping noise and the fact that every attempt she makes to destroy the resistance ends in utter failure.
  • In the Relativity story "Master Blankard's Pawn", Blankard's henchman Rasmas has spent the entire story setting up an elaborate deathtrap for the heroes, only to spring it while standing inside it with them.
    Rasmas: The charges have been placed. The timers have been set. There’s no way to undo any of this! (grabs Overcast by the lapels) They’ll never find our bodies!
  • In The Riddles of Epsilon, The Lady Yolande goes through one of these, betraying the proper choice as it screams at the protagonist to quit hesitating and choose one faction or the other, and threatening to kill the protagonist if she doesn't give it the tooth.
  • In Romance of the Three Kingdoms, Zhou Yu is completely unhinged by the failure of his last plan against Zhuge Liang. This was probably part of Zhuge's plan: Zhou Yu's rage causes a wound to reopen and he sickens and dies shortly thereafter.
  • "Rumpelstiltskin": When the queen reveals that she knows Rumpelstiltskin's name, foiling his plot to steal her child, his reactions vary depending on the edition. The early editions simply have him leaving in a huff. The later ones have him going so insane with rage that he tears himself in half.
  • When Vicar Zhaspahr Clyntahn, Grand Inquisitor of the Safehold series' Corrupt Church, is finally brought down and captured, he maintains a high level of arrogance throughout his trial, confident that when he's executed he'll have a place at the Archangels' side for all he did in their names. He even shows contempt for his enemies for not having the conviction to use the same methods of Cold-Blooded Torture he had employed many times over. That changes when Merlin Athrawes and Nimue Chwaeriau visit him in his cell. During the visit they give him proof even he can't deny proves that the church he committed atrocities for was never anything but a man-made made Path of Inspiration. The revelation shatters Clyntahn, leaving him a gibbering wreck who can only manage to sputter out that all of it wasn't his fault because he'd been lied to.
  • In The Saga of Seven Suns, Basil Wenceslas is a classic of this trope. When things stop going according to plan, they Ski Down The Slippery Slope. I call it thus because they stop just short of jumping off entirely, but still make an impressively rapid descent.
  • Septimus Heap: DomDaniel suffers a Villainous Breakdown including begging for mercy when he's spotted by Marcia Overstrand as having tries to use his Apprentice's body as his own to fool them.
  • Sherlock Holmes: In "The Final Problem", Moriarty's criminal empire has been almost entirely dismantled by Holmes. He tracks them down to Switzerland and sends Watson on a wild-goose chase, allowing Holmes to leave a final explanation behind before trying to tackle him off a cliff. Holmes judoes him off alone, then fakes his death for two years before returning to London.
  • Sisterhood Series by Fern Michaels: In books like Sweet Revenge, Lethal Justice, Free Fall, and Hide And Seek, the Vigilantes will drive the Big Bad into this, and then go directly to them to administer justice face-to-face.
    • Sweet Revenge has Rosemary Hershey suffer one spanning almost the entire book. First she finds out that Isabelle Flanders, the woman she framed and ruined, is back in action and is preparing to sue Rosemary. Then Rosemary gets more than one envelope containing pictures of the three people she killed, and images of her at the trial, with words like "thief" and "liar" scrawled on them. She is told by her husband Bobby Harcourt that he wants a divorce. She finds out from her horoscopes (she puts a lot of stock in them, apparently) that bad things are going to happen to her in the near future. She gets an original set of blueprints made by Isabelle, which Rosemary thought she destroyed, and she wrecks her bathroom in a frantic attempt to destroy it. She gets questioned by reporters about the trial. The big important men she slept with are questioned by said reporters, and these men bombard her with phone calls. She ends up firing all her employees when they can't come up with a good set of blueprints. She seems to regain her composure when she gets a good set of blueprints delivered to her. However, when she and Isabelle Flanders go to an event in which their architectural blueprints will be judged, Myra comes up and reveals to the entire architectural board that Rosemary and Isabelle's blueprints are exactly the same, with their signatures being the only difference, and that as far as it can be determined, Rosemary plagiarized Isabelle's work! By the time the Vigilantes go to Rosemary and threaten to bury her alive if she does not confess to her misdeeds, Rosemary has lost it. Oh, and it doesn't need to be said that Rosemary went to an institution and may never become lucid again by the end of the book.
  • Several from A Song of Ice and Fire. Unfortunately, most of them come from minor villains — though, in due course, we hope to add several more (but we are not holding our breath):
    • Viserys Targaryen, after it becomes clear that he will get a rather different "crown" — a crown of molten gold poured over his head, which kills him: "You cannot touch me, I am the dragon!"
    • Ser Gregor Clegane, as he fights Oberyn Martell, gets progressively more enraged. A combination of the fight turning against him, his exceptionally dim wits and the realization that he is being publicly accused of his crimes in front of the entire court leads to him screaming "SHUT UP!" at Oberyn repeatedly. This ends with him loudly declaring his guilt in front of a large crowd, although he was seriously wounded and probably past caring at that point. Even killing Oberyn doesn't help, because the spear that Oberyn wounded him with during the fight is coated in poison, leaving Clegane to die, slowly and painfully, over the course of days.
    • Ser Amory Lorch, after the Brave Companions and the Northmen take his castle, reveals himself to be a Dirty Coward and weeps and cries before he is eaten by a bear.
    • Queen Cersei Lannister has a pronounced one after she is imprisoned by the Faith Militant in A Feast for Crows.
    • Ser Jaime Lannister remains his usual composed, snarky, debonair, and uncaring self despite being defeated in battle and imprisoned. But when he loses his sword hand, he goes completely to pieces and loses the will to live. He gets better — thankfully fast — with a little help, which leads directly to a Heel–Face Turn.
    • Lady Lysa Arryn, when she sees her childhood crush forcibly kissing Sansa Stark who is her niece, goes completely insane, trying to throw poor Sansa (who did not instigate the kiss) out of the Moon Door. Her breakdown is cut short when she is thrown out said Door herself.
    • Craster, a particularly nasty Wilding who "marries" his daughters and sacrifices his sons to the resident Eldritch Abominations, takes the suggestion that he is of dubious parentage extremely poorly: "WHO CALLS ME BASTARD?"
    • Septon Utt, a Pedophile Priest and child murderer frantically pleads with the Brotherhood Without Banners for his life. It doesn't help.
    • Merrett Frey, a member of the universally despised House Frey, is told to deliver a bag of gold to ensure the release of one of his slimy relatives. He brings the gold, his relative is hanged anyway, and he is next. He takes it badly.
    • Janos Slynt, the captain of the King's Landing City Watch who deliberately betrays Ned Stark when Ned was about to end the whole Lannister conspiracy in the first book and whose betrayal causes Ned Stark's death, gets two of these. First, when Tyrion promptly strips Slynt of all the rewards he gained from his betrayal of Ned Stark (for which Slynt shows no remorse) and sends him to the Night's Watch but Slynt continues to betray, plot and put together assassination schemes. However, his second one comes about when he refuses to obey orders multiple times from the Night's Watch's newly elected Commander Jon Snow. Though Jon gives him several chances, Slynt intends to do what he pleases and keeps refusing his orders. Jon explains that he'll be executed, but Slynt still doesn't take him seriously. Then he's dragged to the block and realizes Jon actually intends to go through with it, with Jon following the moral code his father instilled in him to do it himself. Slynt starts pathetically begging for his life. It doesn't help. The latter is one of the series's most satisfying moments.
    • Only seen in backstory, but Aerys Targaryen, the Mad King, was all set to burn the whole of King's Landing and its inhabitants to the ground with strategic stores of wildfire, spending his last hours just saying "Burn them all" over and over again. Then Jaime happened.
  • Randall Flagg from Stephen King's The Stand goes through a slow but steady Villainous Breakdown about midway through the book. A series of mishaps, such as his agents' bomb failing to kill all the leaders of the Free Zone, his destined wife goading him into killing her, his attempts to deal with the Free Zone's spies all failing in one way or another, and his idiot savant weapons expert going nuts and blowing up all his jets and pilots all take their toll on his Dark Messiah persona. Near the end, when the same idiot savant brings back a nuclear warhead that's leaking radiation, interrupting Flagg's staged execution of two Free Zone members that was meant to boost the morale of his followers, he's so unhinged that he's reduced to pathetically whining to his right hand man to get rid of the warhead.
  • The Big Bad of one series of Star Trek tie-in novels starring Q, the Q-level being known only as 0, goes through a few of these. In the series of flashbacks that Q shows Picard, 0 spends decades "testing" the mettle of a powerful civilization known as the T'kon empire. As the T'kon continue to overcome everything 0 throws at them, he gets more and more pissed off, and in a childish fit of pique, triggers a supernova in the middle of their empire, completely wiping them out. In a flashback set not long after that, 0's defeat at the hands of a regretful Q drives him completely insane; he goes from a "charming" rogue to a deranged madman obsessed with revenge and crooning little ditties to himself. His state of mind can best be seen in the following:
    0: Q WILL PAY. ALL THE Q WILL PAY. Q AND Q AND Q AND Q AND Q AND QQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQ...
    • Must be endemic to villains in Q-related novels. Q-Squared, by Peter David features the return of General Trelane, an antagonist from Star Trek: The Original Series. Trelane manages to set himself up as quite the Magnificent Bastard... until Picard faces him in a duel, and, upon figuring-out that the Captain is only playing with him, he throws a temper tantrum and reveals himself to be the Psychopathic Manchild he really is.
  • Star Wars Legends:
    • Prince Xizor in Shadows of the Empire. At numerous earlier points in the novel, Xizor is shown to consider himself superior to "mere humans" because his cold-blooded nature leaves him incapable of going into an uncontrollable rage. Turns out it's not that he can't, just that it takes a lot longer. As his palace collapses underneath him and Darth Vader lets him know that he's quite aware of Xizor's attempt to kill Vader's son, he starts to get a little... antsy.
    • Tarkin has a very brief one at the end of Death Star, when he is simply refusing to accept that his prized station has a weakness even when Luke has fired the kriffing torpedoes through it. Essentially, it boiled down to "Unthinkable. Unthinkable—" Kaboom.
    • A very, very minor one in The Thrawn Trilogy. Grand Admiral Thrawn is able to anticipate and counter almost anything the Rebellion and anyone else did. Almost. His reaction when those things he hasn't anticipated all come together to thwart him is to get maybe a little flustered, a little distracted, enough so that he doesn't see the Bodyguard Betrayal until it's too late. Though, to his credit, after being stabbed he smiles and says, "But... it was so artistically done."
    • Thrawn's fellow Big Bad, Joruus C'baoth, has a more traditional one after Mara kills the Luke clone. Somewhat unusually, the normally unstable C'baoth actually becomes much calmer and more controlled as he's in the process of finally losing it. This just makes it creepier.
      C'baoth: You will die for that, Mara Jade. Slowly, and in great pain.
    • The Tranquil Fury only comes after he goes completely fucking berserk, in response to a much more minor inconvenience. The narration points out that the Tranquil Fury is actually scarier.
    • The real bad guys, at least for the characters in the main plotline, of the Hand of Thrawn duology are the Big Bad Triumvirate of Moff Disra, Major Grodin Tierce, and the Con Man Flim. They work to make it look as if Thrawn has come Back from the Dead. When Pellaeon exposes their whole plot at a crucial moment, Tierce has an incredibly sudden, violent breakdown/Motive Rant where it's revealed that not only is he secretly a clone, but a clone with a bit of Thrawn engineered into his brain. If you read carefully there are hints of this, like the way he very slowly changes over the course of the novel and the way he comes up with tactics becomes creepy.
    • Happens to Ysanne Isard in slow motion during The Bacta War. She's out of her seat of power, her Xanatos Gambit hasn't gone quite to plan, then someone breaks out of her secret prison, "defiling" it, and she starts letting things get personal. As the Rogues continue to accumulate victories, parts of her empire start splintering off, and one of her Star Destroyer captains sends her a "The Reason You Suck" Speech explaining why he's defecting to the New Republic. The Dragon notices her changing, and she notices it too. She claims to have recovered by Isard's Revenge, but even then she's still quietly obsessing over her defeat, letting her enemies predict her ultimate goal and stop her for good.
    • Zsinj's breakdown in Solo Command, when he learns that the Wraiths have not only evaded the deathtrap he set for them, but have taken a key person alive. He goes absolutely kriffing berserk, destroying everything in his office on Iron Fist, except for the messenger who brought the bad news in the first place.
      General Melvar: Will you be wanting your office restored, or do you wish to redecorate?
    • In the novelization of Revenge of the Sith, Dooku's starts when he realizes he underestimated Obi-Wan and Anakin and culminates in him begging for his life when Palpatine's Uriah Gambit becomes all too clear to him. This part was removed from the movie, since Christopher Lee thought it was out of character, so Anakin just executes him without Dooku saying a word.
  • The Stormlight Archive:
    • Words of Radiance: Szeth suffers an absolutely epic one when he discovers that the Knights Radiant actually are returning, which means he is not Truthless, which means that he could have refused his masters' orders, which means that the hundreds if not thousands of deaths on his hands are absolutely and unequivocally his fault.
      Szeth: THEY TOLD ME I WAS TRUTHLESS!
    • In Oathbringer, Odium has one when Dalinar summons Honor's Perpendicularity after breaking free from his control.
      Odium: No! No, we killed you! WE KILLED YOU!
  • Emperor Jigang goes through one in the Sword of Truth novel Pillars of Creation when, upon arriving at the Confessor's Palace in the Midlands capital, he finds the head of his friend and mentor, stuck on a pike in front of the palace, perfectly preserved by a magic spell until he approaches it, whereupon it decomposes in seconds.
  • The Tamuli, by David Eddings, has Zalasta. He starts as The Chessmaster to such a degree that a total list of his manipulations takes twenty pages and covers centuries of history. The gradual loss of everything he cared about, his growing contempt for his son, coming into too-close contact with an Eldritch Abomination, trying and failing to kill Sephrenia, and his plans coming crashing down around his ears multiple times, all contribute to making him a furious psychotic avenger by the end of the series.
  • The Tell-Tale Heart by Edgar Allan Poe is, more or less, a breakdown as a short story. After murdering someone and hiding their body in pieces under the floorboards, the narrator begins hearing the sound of his victim's heartbeat. Finally, he snaps, confesses the murder to a pair of bemused police officers and exhumes the body.
  • In John C. Wright's War of the Dreaming, Azrael de Gray has a comb.
  • Aunt Annaconda from Warren the 13th gets so fed up with the heroes getting in her way that she casts one final spell to destroy the hotel and everyone in it in a fit of rage. Adding to the Nightmare Fuel is the fact that she looks much more disheveled when she does this.
  • Warrior Cats: Sol, aka the king of Dissonant Serenity, loses his temper exactly once for less than half a second. It's not pretty.
    • In The Forgotten Warrior, Sol actually snaps and declares that all the clan cats will kill each other for reasons that aren't worth more than a mousetail.
  • In Worm, Emma Barnes is Taylor's biggest tormentor, smugly torturing her for the first couple of arcs. Then she learns that her punching bag (whom she thought "weak") was in fact a powerful super villain and could have wiped her out plenty of times since January. After that she simply shuts down and stammers. Sophia Hess, Taylor's other tormentor, goes completely apeshit and kicks the TV in frustration.
  • In The Yattering and Jack, the Yattering (a minor demon tasked with driving everyman Jack Polo crazy without touching him) is slowly driven to madness itself by the fact nothing it does fazes him at all, not even exploding Jack's cat all over the living room. But what finally drives the Yattering past the Rage-Breaking Point is when Jack jokingly suggests to his daughters the Yattering's acts are caused by a gremlin. It eventually proves to be the Yattering's undoing.
    "Gremlin. That sure bit deep. To call a hell-spawn a gremlin. There would be time yet to beat that atheistic smile off Jack Polo's smooth, fat face. Time aplenty. No half-measures from now on. No subtlety. It would be an all-out attack. Let there be blood. Let there be agony. They'd all break."


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