Useful Notes / Europe

http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/europe_5418.jpg
Daughter of Elysium
"Whatever else may divide us, Europe is our common home; a common fate has linked us through the centuries, and it continues to link us today."

Useful Notes on the birthplace of Western civilization, with many famous artists, philosophers, scientists and their inventions originating from Europe, the origin of Democracy being Europe, many of the world's strongest and most famous empires starting and ending in Europe, and European culture, influence and language spreading to most of the world's other continents, particularly English, French and Spanish. Europe is also home to many famous historical landmarks like the Eiffel Tower, Big Ben, the Leaning Tower of Pisa, etc. Because of this, learning about Europe will also help you understand most of the rest of the world along with it.

Note that some of the states mentioned below are usually considered European for cultural rather than geographical reasons, like Georgia, Azerbaijan and Kazakhstan (near the border between continents, but technically Asian) or Cyprus and Armenia (geographically entirely Asian), while the "Europeanness" of Russia and Turkey has been disputed for centuries (and in any case, both have the majority of their territory in Asia). Many of the countries in the regions below also tend to overlap with the other regions (For example, Spain and Portugal can be considered part of both Southern and Western Europe, Ireland and the United Kingdom part of both Northern and Western Europe, etc.), too, so be aware of that.

In fact, the idea of Europe as a continent is more of a historical holdover than anything that can be objectively justified. There is no continental divide between Europe and Asia, (hence "Eurasian tectonic plate") and some even regard Europe as an Asian subcontinent with delusions of grandeur. Because of this, the exact definition of "Europe" has fluctuated wildly over time - for example, The Iron Man includes the line "all the countries of Europe can fit easily into Australia", which may confuse many modern readers unless they know that, to Ted Hughes, "Europe" stopped at the Iron Curtain. Areas whose "Europeanness" are open to debate include the British Isles, Scandinavia, Cyprus, Turkey, Russia west of the Urals, the Caucasus, etc. etc...

For the list of tropes related to Europe and Europeans, see the Europe Index.

The name "Europe" is derived from the name of the mythical rape victim Europa. Don't ask.

If you're looking for the Swedish rock band, click here or in the "Music" link up there.

Countries (Note: EU member states marked with an asterisk (*), Eurozone members marked with a Euro sign (€), non-Eurozone Euro users marked with a Euro sign and exclamation point (€!)):

Western Europe

Capital and Largest City: Vienna
Capital and Largest City: Brussels
Capital and Largest City: Paris
Capital and Largest City: Berlin
Capital: Vaduz
Largest City: Schaan
Capital and Largest City: Luxembourg
Capital and Largest City: Monaco
Capital and Largest City: Amsterdam
Capital: Bern
Largest City: Zurich

Southern Europe

Capital and Largest City: Tirana
Capital and Largest City: Andorra La Vella
Capital and Largest City: Sarajevo
Capital and Largest City: Zagreb
  • Cyprus *€ (Geographically a part of Western Asia, culturally a part of Europe)
Capital and Largest City: Nicosia
Capital and Largest City: Athens
Capital and Largest City: Rome
Capital and Largest City: Skopje
Capital: Valletta
Largest City: Birkirkara
Capital and Largest City: Podgorica
Capital and Largest City: Lisbon
Capitol: San Marino
Largest City: Dogana
Capital and Largest City: Belgrade
Capital and Largest City: Ljubljana
Capital and Largest City: Madrid
Capital: Ankara
Largest City: Istanbul
Capital and Largest City: Vatican City

Northern Europe

Capital and Largest City: Copenhagen
Capital and Largest City: Tallinn
Capital and Largest City: Helsinki
Capital and Largest City: Reykjavik
Capital and Largest City: Dublin
Capital and Largest City: Riga
Capital and Largest City: Vilnius
Capital and Largest City: Oslo
Capital and Largest City: Stockholm
Capital and Largest City: London

Eastern Europe

  • Armenia (Geographically a part of Western Asia, culturally a part of both Europe and Western Asia)
Capital and Largest City: Yerevan
Capital and Largest City: Baku
Capital and Largest City: Minsk
Capital and Largest City: Sofia
Capital and Largest City: Prague
Capital and Largest City: T'bilisi
Capital and Largest City: Budapest
Capital: Astana
Largest City: Almaty
Capital and Largest City: Chisinau
Capital and Largest City: Warsaw
Capital and Largest City: Bucharest
Capital and Largest City: Moscow
Capital and Largest City: Bratislava
Capital: Kiev
Largest City: Kharkiv

Other entities:

Capital and Largest City: Sukhumi
Capital and Largest City: Pristina
Capital and Largest City: Stepanakert
Capital and Largest City: North Nicosia
Capital and Largest City: Tskhinvali
Capital and Largest City: Tiraspol

Territories

Capital and Largest City: Episkopi Cantonment
Capital and Largest City: Torshavn
Capital and Largest City: Gibraltar
Capital and Largest City: St. Peter Port
Capital and Largest City: Douglas
Capital and Largest City: Saint Helier

Defunct Countries, Empires, States and other entities

Useful Notes and Other Articles Related to Europeans and European Culture

Europe in General

Western Europe

See France and Germany for everything solely related to those countries

Southern Europe

See Italy and Spain for everything solely related to those countries

Eastern Europe

See Russia for everything solely related to Russia

Northern Europe

See Ireland and United Kingdom for everything solely related to those countries


Alternative Title(s): Useful Notes On Europe

http://tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pmwiki.php/UsefulNotes/Europe