Useful Notes / Europe

http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/europe_5418.jpg
Daughter of Elysium
"Whatever else may divide us, Europe is our common home; a common fate has linked us through the centuries, and it continues to link us today."

Useful Notes on that place where a lot of Americans originate from via their ancestors. Nonetheless, American media often give the impression that Americans believe "Europe" to be one homogenous place (that is, the place next to their buddies in the UK) with an annoying propensity for getting into wars and requiring American help to get out of them.

Note that some of the states mentioned below are usually considered European for cultural rather than geographical reasons, like Georgia, Azerbaijan and Kazakhstan (near the border between continents, but technically Asian) or Cyprus and Armenia (geographically entirely Asian), while the "Europeanness" of Russia and Turkey has been disputed for centuries (and in any case, both have the majority of their territory in Asia).

In fact, the idea of Europe as a continent is more of a historical holdover than anything that can be objectively justified. There is no continental divide between Europe and Asia, (hence "Eurasian tectonic plate") and some even regard Europe as an Asian subcontinent with delusions of grandeur. Because of this, the exact definition of "Europe" has fluctuated wildly over time - for example, The Iron Man includes the line "all the countries of Europe can fit easily into Australia", which may confuse many modern readers unless they know that, to Ted Hughes, "Europe" stopped at the Iron Curtain. Areas whose "Europeanness" are open to debate include the British Isles, Scandinavia, Cyprus, Turkey, Russia west of the Urals, the Caucasus, etc. etc...

For the list of tropes related to Europe and Europeans, see the Europe Index.

The name "Europe" is derived from the name of the mythical rape victim Europa. Don't ask.

If you're looking for the Swedish rock band, click here or in the "Music" link up there.

Countries (Note: EU member states marked with an asterisk (*), Eurozone members marked with a Euro sign (€), non-Eurozone Euro users marked with a Euro sign and exclamation point (€!)):

British Isles

Capital & Largest City: Dublin
Capital & Largest City: London

Western Europe

Capital & Largest City: Andorra La Vella
  • France *€ (Southern half can also be considered to be part of Southern Europe)
Capital & Largest City: Paris
Capital & Largest City: Monaco
  • Portugal *€ (it can also be considered to be part of Southern Europe)
Capital & Largest City: Lisbon
  • Spain *€ (it can also be considered to be part of Southern Europe)
Capital & Largest City: Madrid

The Low Countries (Benelux)

Capital & Largest City: Brussels
Capital & Largest City: Luxembourg
Capital & Largest City: Amsterdam

Central Europe

Capital & Largest City: Vienna
Capital & Largest City: Prague
Capital & Largest City: Berlin
Capital & Largest City: Budapest
Capital: Vaduz
Largest City: Schaan
Capital & Largest City: Warsaw
Capital & Largest City: Bratislava
Capital: Bern
Largest City: Zurich

Southern Europe

Capital & Largest City: Rome
Capital: Valletta
Largest City: Birkirkara
Capital: San Marino
Largest City: Dogana
Capital & Largest City: Vatican City

The Nordic Countries

Capital & Largest City: Copenhagen
Capital & Largest City: Helsinki
Capital & Largest City: Torshavn
Capital & Largest City: Reykjavik
Capital & Largest City: Oslo
Capital & Largest City: Stockholm

Eastern Europe

Capital & Largest City: Minsk
Capital & Largest City: Moscow
Capital: Kiev
Largest City: Kharkiv

The Baltics

Capital & Largest City: Tallinn
Capital & Largest City: Riga
Capital & Largest City: Vilnius

The Balkans (some of the nations are considered to be part of Southern Europe, according to the United Nations geoscheme)

Capital & Largest City: Tirana
Capital & Largest City: Sarajevo
Capital & Largest City: Sofia
Capital & Largest City: Zagreb
Capital & Largest City: Nicosia
Capital & Largest City: Athens
Capital & Largest City: Skopje
Capital & Largest City: Chisinau
Capital & Largest City: Podgorica
Capital & Largest City: Bucharest
Capital & Largest City: Belgrade
Capital & Largest City: Ljubljana

The Caucasus (sometimes not considered part of Europe)

Capital & Largest City: Yerevan
Capital & Largest City: Baku
Capital & Largest City: T'bilisi

The Edges (Have territory in Europe but may not be considered part of it)

Capital: Astana
Largest City: Almaty
  • Turkey (though some people can make convincing arguments that Turkey is a part of, or at least very attached to, Europe)
Capital: Ankara
Largest City: Istanbul

Other entities:

Capital & Largest City: Sukhumi
Capital & Largest City: Grozny
Capital & Largest City: Gibraltar
Capital & Largest City: Pristina
Capital & Largest City: Liberland
Capital & Largest City: Stepanakert
Capital & Largest City: North Nicosia
Capital & Largest City: Tskhinvali
Capital & Largest City: Tiraspol

Defunct Countries, Empires, States and other entities

Useful Notes and Other Articles Related to Europeans and European Culture

Europe in General

British Isles

See United Kingdom and Ireland for everything solely related to Britain/the UK and Ireland, respectively

Western and Southern Europe

See France, Spain and Italy for everything solely related to those countries

The Balkans

Eastern Europe and Russia

See Russia for everything solely related to Russia

Central Europe and Benelux

See Germany for everything solely related to Germany

Nordic Europe

Caucasus and Edges


Alternative Title(s): Useful Notes On Europe