Useful Notes / Europe

http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/europe_5418.jpg
Daughter of Elysium
"Whatever else may divide us, Europe is our common home; a common fate has linked us through the centuries, and it continues to link us today."

Useful Notes on that place where a lot of Americans originate from via their ancestors. Nonetheless, American media often give the impression that Americans believe "Europe" to be one homogenous place (that is, the place next to their buddies in the UK) with an annoying propensity for getting into wars and requiring American help to get out of them.

Note that some of the states mentioned below are usually considered European for cultural rather than geographical reasons, like Georgia, Azerbaijan and Kazakhstan (near the border between continents, but technically Asian) or Cyprus and Armenia (geographically entirely Asian), while the "Europeanness" of Russia and Turkey has been disputed for centuries (and in any case, both have the majority of their territory in Asia).

In fact, the idea of Europe as a continent is more of a historical holdover than anything that can be objectively justified. There is no continental divide between Europe and Asia, (hence "Eurasian tectonic plate") and some even regard Europe as an Asian subcontinent with delusions of grandeur. Because of this, the exact definition of "Europe" has fluctuated wildly over time - for example, The Iron Man includes the line "all the countries of Europe can fit easily into Australia", which may confuse many modern readers unless they know that, to Ted Hughes, "Europe" stopped at the Iron Curtain. Areas whose "Europeanness" are open to debate include the British Isles, Scandinavia, Cyprus, Turkey, Russia west of the Urals, the Caucasus, etc. etc...

For the list of tropes related to Europe and Europeans, see the Europe Index.

The name "Europe" is derived from the name of the mythical rape victim Europa. Don't ask.

If you're looking for the Swedish rock band, click here or in the "Music" link up there.

Countries (Note: EU member states marked with an asterisk (*), Eurozone members marked with a Euro sign (€), non-Eurozone Euro users marked with a Euro sign and exclamation point (€!)):

British Isles

Capital and Largest City: Dublin
Capital and Largest City: London

Western Europe

Capital and Largest City: Andorra La Vella
  • France *€ (The southern half can be considered to be part of southern Europe.)
Capital and Largest City: Paris
Capital and Largest City: Monaco
  • Portugal *€ (Portugal can be considered to be part of southern Europe.)
Capital and Largest City: Lisbon
  • Spain *€ (Spain can also be considered to be part of southern Europe.)
Capital and Largest City: Madrid

The Low Countries (Benelux)

Capital and Largest City: Brussels
Capital and Largest City: Luxembourg
Capital and Largest City: Amsterdam

Central Europe

Capital and Largest City: Vienna
Capital and Largest City: Prague
Capital and Largest City: Berlin
Capital and Largest City: Budapest
Capital: Vaduz
Largest City: Schaan
Capital and Largest City: Warsaw
Capital and Largest City: Bratislava
Capital: Bern
Largest City: Zurich

Southern Europe

Capital and Largest City: Rome
Capital: Valletta
Largest City: Birkirkara
Capitol: San Marino
Largest City: Dogana
Capital and Largest City: Vatican City

The Nordic Countries

Capital and Largest City: Copenhagen
Capital and Largest City: Helsinki
Capital and Largest City: Torshavn
Capital and Largest City: Reykjavik
Capital and Largest City: Oslo
Capital and Largest City: Stockholm

Eastern Europe

Capital and Largest City: Minsk
Capital and Largest City: Moscow
Capital: Kiev
Largest City: Kharkiv

The Baltics

Capital and Largest City: Tallinn
Capital and Largest City: Riga
Capital and Largest City: Vilnius

The Balkans (some of the nations are considered to be part of Southern Europe, according to the United Nations geoscheme)

Capital and Largest City: Tirana
Capital and Largest City: Sarajevo
Capital and Largest City: Sofia
Capital and Largest City: Zagreb
Capital and Largest City: Nicosia
Capital and Largest City: Athens
Capital and Largest City: Skopje
Capital and Largest City: Chisinau
Capital and Largest City: Podgorica
Capital and Largest City: Bucharest
Capital and Largest City: Belgrade
Capital and Largest City: Ljubljana

The Caucasus (not always considered part of Europe)

Capital and Largest City: Yerevan
Capital and Largest City: Baku
Capital and Largest City: T'bilisi

The Borderlands (they have territory in Europe but may or may not be considered part of it)

Capital: Astana
Largest City: Almaty
  • Turkey (though some people can make convincing arguments that Turkey is a part of, or at least very attached to, Europe)
Capital: Ankara
Largest City: Istanbul

Other entities:

Capital and Largest City: Sukhumi
Capital and Largest City: Grozny
Capital and Largest City: Gibraltar
Capital and Largest City: Pristina
Capital and Largest City: Liberland
Capital and Largest City: Stepanakert
Capital and Largest City: North Nicosia
Capital and Largest City: Tskhinvali
Capital and Largest City: Tiraspol

Defunct Countries, Empires, States and other entities

Useful Notes and Other Articles Related to Europeans and European Culture

Europe in General

British Isles

See United Kingdom and Ireland for everything solely related to Britain/the UK and Ireland, respectively

Western and Southern Europe

See France, Spain and Italy for everything solely related to those countries

The Balkans

Eastern Europe and Russia

See Russia for everything solely related to Russia

Central Europe and Benelux

See Germany for everything solely related to Germany

Nordic Europe

Caucasus and Edges


Alternative Title(s): Useful Notes On Europe

http://tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pmwiki.php/UsefulNotes/Europe