A staple of Sword And Sandal and Lost World stories, the hero is captured and forced into the gladiatorial pits as a slave. He will be trained as gladiator (giving him a justification for becoming a badass warrior if he was not one already). He will win numerous bouts, becoming a favourite of the fans and winning the respect of his fellow gladiators. He will then incite his fellow gladiators to rise up and break out of the slave pits, leaving the hero at the head of a ready-made army of highly trained warriors with which to overthrow the Evil Overlord who condemned him to the pits.
Subtrope of Gladiator Games as well as Slave Liberation. The main alternative for captive heroes is to be a Galley Slave.
In the IDW Transformers Generation 1 continuity, Megatron began as a successful gladiator who recruited the greatest gladiators on Cybertron to revolt against their oppressors.
It's a recurring theme in Generation 1; he also led such a revolt in the Dreamwave comics, and the original cartoon has an unsuccessful gladiator revolt against the Quintessons in the Transformers' early history.
In Fantastic Four #91-93, the robot gladiator Torgo leads a gladiator revolt on the Skrull controlled planet of Kral, after the Fantastic Four arrives to rescue the captive Thing from the gladiator pits.
Mongul once captured Superman and forced him into Gladiator Games. Superman became champion and eventually defeated Mongul.
Grand finale of the Suske en Wiske album Het Geheim van de Gladiatoren.
In Chessman Of Mars: the hero infiltrates the game of the title, where the pieces are living swordsmen, and fights; he wins and leads a revolt.
In Ben Counter's Warhammer 40,000Grey Knights novel Hammer of Daemons, Alaric and a fellow captive Grey Knight are forced in fight in Gladiator Games to celebrate the putting down of a Gladiator Revolt. The other Grey Knight dies. To avengehis friend, Alaric instigates another gladiator revolt as part of instigating a full blown Enemy Civil War, thereby destroying an entire Khorne Daemon World and sabotaging a Black Crusade. Do not annoy Alaric!
The Spartacus incident also happens in The Death of Kings, the seconds of Conn Iggulden's Emperor series. In this case, since Julius Caesar is the protagonist, it's a more upbeat ending than that of Spartacus.
Modesty Blaise does it in the "Those About to Die..." arc, where an insane millionaire had kidnapped Modesty, Willie and other elite athletes and warriors and was forcing them to compete in a Deadly Game.
And, amazingly for a modern reader, the only known example of a gladiator revolt that lasted longer than one day. That's right, folks: armed, desperate, relatively freely moving professional fighters did nothing worse than occasionally grumble over bad food.
And Spartacus celebrated several of his victories by holding gladiator games ... which makes him a very strange freedom fighter.
Whether or not Spartacus could qualify as a freedom fighter is a matter of considerable debate among historians, given that his motivations are entirely unknown and we're left with nothing but the speculation of Roman historians who were projecting their own societal fears and cultural biases onto the rebellion, and modern historians trying to gleam intent from Spartacus' rather baffling troop movements(which aren't consistent between the various roman historians). While popular culture and folk lore remembers Spartacus as a freedom fighter, if one with a taste for Pay Evil unto Evil, there's as much or more evidence that he was simply trying to get the hell out of Italy, or worse, that he was simply a warlord who escaped slavery to Rape, Pillage, and Burn. Whatever the case, considerable Values Dissonance applies.
Forms part of the history for the city of Cartago in the Lands of Mystery supplement for the Justice, Inc. roleplaying game.
The backstory of Angron, primarch of the World Eaters, in Warhammer 40,000. He grew up in the gladiator arenas of a barbaric planet and eventually led his fellow slaves to escape to the mountains. When the Emperor arrived to give Angron command of his Space Marine legion, the primarch refused, choosing to die with his brothers-in-arms, who were facing annihilation at the hands of a massive coalition. The Emperor ignored this and teleported Angron away in time to watch his comrades get slaughtered, and though the primarch would agree to lead the World Eaters, there were repercussions later.
The first module for Dark Sun featured this. North of the Tablelands lie a string of cities made up of ex-slaves.
In Age Of Empires I, there's a mission where you have to defend an italian region from Spartacus revolts. The Slave Army is on Post-Iron Age, while you're in Bronze Age.
In the Warcraft universe, Thrall, the warchief of the Horde was raised as a gladiator by humans. Also, after the king of Stormwind washed up on the shores of Durotar after escaping his imprisionement, some orcs found him and made him fight as a gladiator.
Happens twice in Baldur's Gate 2. The first time, you can help the gladiators. The second time, you're one of them.
The Thera mod for Medieval II: Total War has this as part of the background for the Uruk Dominion. The Uruks and other bestial creatures were used as gladiators and laborers for the RomuliEmpire until an Uruk named Slavos won his freedom in the gladiator pits. Then the Great Torment hit the world, afflicting the planet with storms, frosts, and disease, and the Romuli Emperor sent the Legions to purge the city Slavos lived in as a plague was starting to spread. Slavos unified the gladiators and citizenry and destroyed the Legions, then contained the plague, and created a new nation.