"You honor the arena with your combat. May your swords and shield preserve the peace."Because nothing says decadent and evil like death and carnage as a spectator sport. People — criminals or slaves — are forced to fight each other or savage monsters. Sword & Sorcery (especially Sword & Sandal) and Lost World stories are particularly fond of the monsters; a good way to show them off. As a Blood Sport, this may last for a time, with many bouts, allowing the gladiators time to train; either the character can always win, or they do not always insist on death at defeat. The first is more common; the crowds will insist Finish Him!. Conversely, it may be a way of combining executions with amusement — a Death Trap that gets watched — which generally involves animals, as they don't want to deal with the winner. Monsters used in an arena will fight long after a Real Life animal would retreat. Generally as a result of being starved a bit leading up to the match, as was the practice in the Real Life games. Sometimes, after a particularly grand victory, the gladiator is freed, but generally ends with either Gladiator Revolt, or gladiators loosing the monsters they fight on the crowd, to great consternation. This trope is distinguished from other forms of recreational combat — such as The Tourney — by one or both sides having no choice but to fight. On the other hand, this situation was involved in the Trope Namer for Androcles' Lion. Frequently features in the nastier sort of Bread and Circuses, but it may just be an upperclass entertainment because Aristocrats Are Evil. Contrast The Tourney, which doesn't carry this stigma because the nobles risk themselves rather than compel others to do so. Very popular in Ancient Rome settings, oddly enough, and in Sword & Sandal settings based on it. Hollywood History comes into play for some of the elements. In Real Life, only around a tenth of fights between professional gladiators actually resulted in death, as gladiators were expensive to train and difficult to replace. Hollywood gladiators almost always fight to the death. In Real Life, most gladiators who got killed in the end of the fight were either Dirty Coward types, or so badly wounded they were not expected to survive. Criminals condemned to die by the sword were not considered gladiators, and for them death was predetermined. The thumbs-up and thumbs-down signals, indicating that less fortunate contestants should be spared or killed are common in fiction, actually can be traced back no further than the 19th century, where Jean-Léon Gérôme's 1872 painting "Pollice Verso" popularized their anachronistic use in ancient settings. When gladiatorial combat appears in a modern setting, it is often a Deadly Game or a Blood Sport. Will often take place in a ThunderDome of some sort. When good guys are forced to participate in death matches, they typically refuse to kill their opponent, finding a way to get out of it.
— Raanu, BIONICLE
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Anime and Manga
- YuYu Hakusho: The Dark Tournament is a martial arts tournament organized by the trillionaires and masters of shady companies dedicated to accumulating wealth through the dark arts. The fights don't necessary have to end in death (although it is highly encouraged), participants can win with a 10 second knockout or ringout.
- Mobile Suit Crossbone Gundam: Tobia Arronax. Spoilered due to extreme awesome Tobia gets captured and is forced to fight in a gladiator ring. He's on foot armed with a machinegun. His opponent is armed with a mobile suit. And he wins. By hijacking the mobile suit, which he then uses to escape his captors.
- Mobile Fighter G Gundam: Let's get this started! Fight all set! Ready, GO!
- In Kengan Ashura there are Kengan Matches, events in which Businessmen decide to settle their differences and market share not through court but through appointing fighters to win it all, these fights are very brutal and can end up with one fighter dead or seriously crippled, there is a referee present but his presence is just for show, if a fighter can be smart enough to cheat in a way that the referee and the audience can’t blatantly notice it then all is fair, the referee and the audience are very good at pretending to not see anything wrong to preserve the continuation of the Kengan Association.
- Kino's Journey: Kino has to participate in a gladiator-esque tournament (held for the benefit of an insane emperor). She manages to win without killing any of her opponents.
- Mahou Sensei Negima!: One of these exists in the Magic World, which is used for a small Tournament Arc. There's been hints that it used to be much more violent than in the current story (including slavery and fights to the death).
- It's been revealed that the reason that Jack Rakan is so unbelievably strong is because he spent years fighting in the arena so that he could earn his way out of gladitorial slavery, before moving on to fighting in wars.
- One Piece:
- Amazon Lily Island has a gladiator arena that they use to execute criminals (men) or just throw a few more or less friendly fights to see who's the strongest (along with heavy betting).
- A much larger-scale version with participants from the whole world later appears in Dressrosa's Corrida Colosseum. Unlike Amazon Lily, participating is entirely optional, and the participants usually fight it out over some glorious prize, the most recent one being Ace's Devil Fruit, the Mera Mera no Mi. Also unlike Amazon Lily, the competitors are actually referred to as "gladiators". Though the Colosseum has its dark secrets: not all gladiators are there by choice, and a good number of them are "criminals" (read, people who stood up against the Donquixote Pirates) forced to fight under threat of execution, not unlike Roman ludi and munera. Also, any loser who doesn't die is sent down a trash chute to be transformed into a toy, to uphold Doflamingo's masquerade.
- Saint Seiya:
- Seiya earned his Cloth through this.
- The first six episodes actually pay homage to this with all the matches being played out in a replica of the Coliseum.
- Zoids: The third and fourth animes are primarily set at a time where the most popular sport is organized combat between the title Humongous Mecha.
- Gunnm has gladiatorial combat between giant cyborgs as one of the major entertainments in the Scrapyard.
- The titular Deadman Wonderland and their horribly violent Carnival Corpse games. Those that lose get one of their organs removed. While they are awake.
- Double Subverted (in a sense) during the "Legendary Heroes" arc of the original Yu-Gi-Oh!. Jonouchi had to take part in the Duel Monsters equivalent of a gladiator game to win a card the entourage needed in the virtual reality world they were in, which they were just starting to figure out could be truly lethal due to the Big 5's tampering. Fortunately for him, his opponent turned out to be Mai, who had been hired by the Big 5 as a beta tester.
- Golgo 13. Two millionaires who've made a hobby of this decide to pay an assassin called Spartacus to kill Golgo 13 in the ruins of the Colosseum, while secretly watching their duel on hidden cameras. Suffice to say this makes them Too Dumb to Live.
- Dokuro has the Rumble Fish, in the sanatorium.
- In Rakuin No Monshou gladiator games are extremely popular in Mephius. Most gladiators are sword-slaves and are often former criminals, such as the main character Orba. Matches are almost always to the death and the managers aren't above gimmicks such as having a chained woman in danger of being devoured by a dragon.
- Gladiatorial combat is a recurring element in the backstory of Transformers Generation 1 comics; specifically, Megatron is generally a former gladiator (well, a miner who became a gladiator) who rebelled.
- In IDW's The Transformers: Last Stand of the Wreckers, the Decepticon Mech of Mass Destruction Overlord takes over Garrus-9 and essentially turns it into an arena of this sort just for the hell of it. Overlord had a cameo appearance in "Megatron Origin" as a member of Megatron's gladiator group. Seems he wasn't in it to fight corruption with superior firepower like Megatron's original mission statement said - he was just in it for the fun.
- Planet Hulk. And a bit in World War Hulk too.
- Mongul's War World in Superman.
- In The Warlord, Travis Morgan captured and made into a gladiatorial slave. He eventually led a Gladiator Revolt that gained him the title of Warlord.
- Astérix the Gladiator
- The Ninja Turtles had to fight in the Triceraton version of this in the original Mirage comics. The story is adapted and expanded upon in the second cartoon. They don't lose.
- Exiles featured an alternate Earth where the entire superhuman population were slaves fighting in Gladiator Games for the entertainment of their Skrull conquerors. Unlike many examples of this trope, most of the fights were nonlethal; each superhuman was a unique entertainer, too valuable to lose.
- A central point of the series Murena, not suprisingly since the action unfolds in Ancient Rome.
- In Cavewoman: Oasis, Meriem is kidnapped and forced to participate in gladiatorial combat in an arena called the 'Bowl of Bones'.
- In the comic book Grimjack, the title character spent his childhood fighting in the Arena. He wasn't released until early adulthood. His friend Blackjac and his enemy The Dancer were both gladiators.
- Sonja is sentenced to the arena by a Kangaroo Court in the Red Sonja: Berserker one-shot.
- Nero: Nero, Petoetje, Petatje and Madam Pheip are thrown to the lions and bears in the Colosseum on orders of Emperor Nero in the album De Rode Keizer ("The Red Emperor")
- Suske en Wiske: Lambik fights as a gladiator in the album Het Geheim van de Gladiatoren (The Secret Of The Gladiators), again on orders of Emperor Nero.
- In Hex, gladiator-style pit fights are a popular entertainment in the post-apocalyptic future. In one story arc, Hex's girlfriend Stiletta is kidnapped brainwashed into becoming an arena fighter caled the Blonde Spitfire.
- In Adventure Comics issue #412, Supergirl gets forced to take part in the gladiator games of an alien world to ensure that a tyrant don't become the planet's ruler.
- The Basalt City Chronicles subverts this: The Empire of Smilodons has a reputation of allowing fights to the death for sport. Holding fights to the death for sport is actually VERY illegal, and is one of the very few capital crimes in the Empire. Not that their legitimate tournaments aren't brutal...
- A Brief History of Equestria reveals that the Pre-Hearthswamring Pegasi reveled in gladiatorial games.
- The Demon Empire of Sonic X: Dark Chaos, essentially the Roman Empire in space, uses these as part of it Bread and Circuses policies. In a similar vein to the Romans, they use recaptured slaves and criminals as fighters. However, lethal games are quite rare.
- The Star Wars fic Gladiatorial Jedi has Luke Skywalker forced into one his ex, Callista, is running. She has Mara and Ben captured with him, and employs a Forced to Watch, torturing Mara and saying it'll go on until she dies if Luke doesn't submit to being taken and forced to fight.
- Loved And Lost: After Prince Jewelius seizes the throne of Equestria, he makes a treaty with dragons that includes forcing Rainbow Dash and Fluttershy to fight as gladiators in the dragons' new colosseum. The crowd is eager to see the two pegasi going down, but they are able to hold their own in the matches until they're rescued by the other discredited heroes a week later.
- Star Wars:
- Jabba the Hutt's technique for dealing with intruders.
- Same for the Geonosians in Attack of the Clones. These guys apparently liked their fights a bit more one sided than they already are, given that they chained their victims up. Which ironically saved them all.
- Any film set in Ancient Rome.
- Such as the aptly named Demetrius and the Gladiators.
- The premise of Gladiator. In reference to the above mention of fighting animals, a rhino fight was planned. It was shelved due to both the cost, and for its implausibility. You'd have to piss off a rhino to an insane degree if you want a real fight out of it.
- Centurion: The protagonist's father was a gladiator. This is in no way relevant to the story, but if you've made a film about ancient Romans without mentioning gladiators at all, you've just wasted everyone's time.
- The Eagle, based on The Eagle of the Ninth, has The Lancer try to commit suicide by gladiator because he refuses to fight for Romans' amusement. He's deeply annoyed to be rescued by the Roman hero.
- Played for laughs (naturally) in Monty Python's Life of Brian: first by showing the bloody aftermath of the "Children's Matinee," then in the next round, the stronger prisoner chases the weaker one around the arena, until the former collapses from a heart attack.
- In Conan the Barbarian (1982), Conan had this as part of his backstory until he escaped.
- The Dutch film Temmink: The Ultimate Fight features gladiator style fights which almost always end in death in a modern setting. The participants are convicted criminals who chose this alternative over jail time, and have to keep participating in these fights until they die.
- Airplane! doesn't actually show any arena combat, but it lampshades the fanservice aspects of the trope (buff loincloth-wearing men getting sweaty) with the famous line: "Joey, do you like movies about gladiators?"
- Valhalla Rising begins with One-Eye being forced to fight other slaves to the death while his captors bet on the outcome.
- Mad Max: Beyond Thunderdome. Although played straight as a spectator sport in an After the End society, it also serves a dual purpose — two men who have a dispute fight to the death inside The Thunderdome, ensuring their quarrel doesn't go any further.
Dr. Dealgood: Listen all! This is the truth of it. Fighting leads to killing, and killing gets to warring. And that was damn near the death of us all. Look at us now! Busted up, and everyone talking about hard rain! But we've learned, by the dust of them all... Bartertown's learned. Now, when men get to fighting, it happens here! And it finishes here! Two men enter; one man leaves. (crowd chants "Two men enter, one man leaves" until Dealgood motions for silence) Right now, I've got two men, two men with a gut full of fear. Ladies and gentlemen, boys and girls... dyin' time's here.
- The Mansions of the Gods: Treated as modern Pro Wrestling, complete with complicated named moves that require both participants to work and figurines.
- Rollerball. The brutal titular game, a combination of martial arts, roller derby, motorcycle racing, and that's just for starters — is explicitly designed to distract the attention of an oppressed future proletariat.
- In the Confessions, contemporary Rome's gladiator tournaments were portrayed as evil and incompatible with the Christianity of Augustine and his friends. Alypius had to be violently dragged by his friends to a game and even then he covered his eyes for the whole time. Unfortunately, he couldn't also cover his ears or his curiosity, so an especially raucous roar from the audience convinced him to look as one gladiator killed another, inciting enough bloodlust in the future Catholic bishop to get him addicted to the blood sport.
- In Diana Wynne Jones's Dark Lord of Derkholm, Kit and Blade are captured and made to fight in a tournament to entertain the off-world tourists.
- In Dora Wilk Series, a bunch of werewolves run an underground fight club where werewolves fight each other, and when audience wants a fight to death, they use their captured kin.
- Caramon was forced to become a gladiator in the Dragonlance book Test of the Twins. Not easy for the fat drunken slob he'd become. Caramon's always-win status comes about because he can't 'die' convincingly, so the trainer/manager decided to advertise "he always wins, come see if someone can beat him!"
- Conn Iggulden's Emperor novels, being set during the last decades of the Roman Republic, have quite a few of these. A notable one occurs in the third book, lasting for several chapters which is held by Julius Caesar to garner popular support in his campaign for consul. This also provides Character Development for Brutus, Domitius, and Servilia, brings Cabera to a turning point, and gives some insight into the ways Crassus and Pompey do business.
- In James Swallow's Faith & Fire, the reenactments of Saint Celestine's life are quite literal, and since she fought the foes of the Emperor — well, this trope doubles up with Human Sacrifice. (The rich can bribe their way out, if chosen.)
- The Gentleman Bastard sequence features the infamous blood sports of the city of Camorr. Most of them involve condemned criminals battling professional gladiators or various types of monster, but the favourites are the female gladiators who stand on platforms in the water to battle the famous jumping wolf sharks.
- In Ben Counter's Grey Knights novel Hammer of Daemons, the novel revolves about the Gladiator Games that the captured Alaric is forced to fight in.
- The entire plot of The Hunger Games trilogy revolves around a scenario where tributes from each District have to fight to the death in a massive arena. Suzanne Collins called it "basically an updated version of the Roman gladiator games."
- Brian Aldiss's short story "In The Arena". Human captives of the redul are forced to fight alien monsters in an arena. The male protagonist is paired with a female fighter in a "double double": the two of them against a pair of deadly yillibeeth, with each pair being chained together.
- Edgar Rice Burroughs's John Carter of Mars:
- "A Princess of Mars", the prospect of Dejah Thoris's being thrown to the wild dogs in the arena prompts John Carter to secure their escape. She does escape, but he is recaptured and forced to fight beasts in the arena.
- In Chessman Of Mars, the hero infiltrates the game of the title, where the pieces are living swordsmen, and fights; he wins and leads a revolt.
- Douglas Hill's Last Legionary has the titular Keill Randor participating in a gladiatorial tournament. Despite him being the only one not using weapons, the rest don't stand a chance.
- A frequent setting for scenes in Francine Rivers’ The Mark of the Lion; one of the main characters is an enslaved gladiator himself.
- In John C. Wright's Green Knight's Squire, in the backstory, discussions of staging these were derailed by Ygrainne's suggestion that the elf knights should fight in tourneys instead. She pointed out that merely human knights did, and they should be able to.
- Modesty Blaise is forced to do this in Dead Man's Handle. Actually, she's kind of forced to do something like this in all the books, frequently stripped for action, but Dead Man's Handle is the closest to Roman-style gladiation. More examples include:
- Sabre-Tooth: Fights the Twins in a proper arena.
- I, Lucifer: Forced to duel with Willie, pistol against throwing knife.
- A Taste for Death: Fights an epee duel with Wenczel, stripped to the waist. The Fanservice is lampshaded as an attempt to distract one of the villains.
- The Impossible Virgin: Forced to fight a gorilla.
- The Silver Mistress: Not quite this trope—she fights Mr. Sexton with an audience of one. Worth mentioning for sheer Fanservice—her edge in the fight to the death against a larger, stronger, and dangerously skillful opponent is that she's completely naked and covered in grease.
- Dragon's Claw: Forced to fight a quickdraw duel with the Reverend Uriah.
- The Xanadu Talisman: Fights El Mico in an arena in the Atlas Mountains.
- The Night of Morningstar: Fights the Earl in.
- In the Paradox Trilogy, gladiator games between contestants in Powered Armor are popular entertainment on Paradox. There are apparently two leagues; one which features legitimately dangerous contests of skill, and one which has scripted matches intended to show off the armor's abilities. Devi was offered the opportunity to be a gladiator, but declined because female gladiators are expected to wear Chainmail Bikini style "armor" rather than the real powered armor Devi loves using.
- Jonathan ends up in the arena in The Roman Mysteries novel The Gladiators from Capua, and its television adaptation.
- In A Song of Ice and Fire Danaerys has the fighting pits of Mereen closed, and is constantly being asked to reopen them. In A Dance with Dragons she agrees, but the blood and noise serves to attract Drogon, who's a bit more formidable than any of the animals they anticipated fighting.
- By Rosemary Sutcliff:
- Time Scout: Ancient Rome is a tourist destination. Tourists go and watch sometimes. Scouts and guides and tourists sometimes get unlucky and end up playing along.
- Tortall Universe: The The Numair Chronicles reveal violent entertainment is very popular in Carthak. Slaves and captives from military conflicts are forced to fight for their lives for the enjoyment of the crowds. Arram despises them for their wanton violence.
- In the Towers Trilogy, Edren has gladiatorial arena where people fight with swords and spells for the entertainment of the public.
- This is the setting for Tim Marquitz's War God novel, which is a Deconstructive Parody of this genre. The antiheroes intend to rig a tournament about this by upping the violence and murder to make their Fake Ultimate Hero look good so they can clean up when he crashes and burns.
- Very popular in Warhammer 40,000 novels:
- In Dan Abnett's Xenos, after a Chaos cult tortures Eisenhorn, they throw him and his party to monsters. Their counterattack does considerable damage to the cult — and fortunately, a naval attack secures their escape.
- In Dan Abnett's Ravenor, the Carnivora Circus, particularly when they dispose of intruders.
- C. S. Goto's Blood Ravens novel Dawn of War: Ascension features their ushering the aspirants into an arena and telling them they can't leave. Fighting breaks out shortly, and the Blood Ravens watch with care. Gabriel Angelos remembers his own selection: he drew his sword and killed several people on arrival, before anyone else realized they should fight.
- In James Swallow's Blood Angels novel Deus Encarmine, Rafen reflects back on his own induction and the games there.
- Same with the Black Templars in the comic Damnation Crusade, interseting the main character gets notic for refusing to kill a friend and getting everyone to stop fighting
- In Ben Counter's "Hell Break", the dark eldar start by throwing Commissar von Klas into the arena — as the monster — to fight the wych. When he wins, they are seriously displeased and send him to torture.
- Queen Scarlet from Wings of Fire forces her war prisoners to fight as gladiators in her arena, and quite enjoys watching the fights. They technically are supposed to be free after winning a few battles, but the last battle is always with her champion who is essentially undefeatable.
- In The Witchlands, the Pirate Republic of Saldonica has a giant arena where enslaved witches fight for the entertainment of the public and as part of the city-state's religious celebrations.
Live Action TV
- Star Trek
- The episode "Bread And Circuses", the crew discover a planet identical to Earth except that that it's ruled by The Roman Empire with TV cameras.
- The episode "Arena" is so named because of this trope. Very powerful aliens trap Kirk and a Gorn alien on a planet together so they can go at it to the death. No Romans, no literal arena, but the concept is identical. Kirk gets the upper hand, and refuses to dispatch the defenseless Gorn.
- In "The Gamesters of Triskelion" Kirk and co. are captured by the titular disembodied intellects and forced to battle for their gambling enjoyment. Three hundred quatloos on the human!
- Titus Pullo's averted execution from Rome took this form. Also a Crowning Moment of Awesome (THIRTEEN!)
- An episode of Angel featured a demon arena where all the captured demons had bets taken on them. Angel is captured as well, and spends the episode trying to free them... and then realizes that he's unleashed a whole gang of demons on Los Angeles.
- One of the novels had Buffy and Angel being forced to fight each other like this for a while.
- Sylvester Stallone appeared as gladiator fighting a lion in a sketch on The Muppet Show. As it happens, the lion doesn't want to fight and the two decide to sing and dance "Let's Call the Whole Thing Off" instead.
- An episode of Hercules: The Legendary Journeys called, well, "Gladiator" featured the heroes trying to free a gladiator and being forced to take part in the games as well.
- Spartacus: Blood and Sand: For reasons that should be obvious.
- Gladiators appear in multiple Horrible Histories sketches such as when they run out of animals.
- The Saint episode "The Man Who Liked Lions" has Simon Templar running afoul of a thuggish Roman revivalist.
- The Outer Limits (1963) episode "Fun and Games" featured an alien race that regularly abducts beings from other planets and forces them to fight to the death for their amusement. For incentive, anyone who loses or refuses to fight gets their home planet destroyed. The evil aliens also like to make the fights one-sided. For example, when a man and woman from Earth are abducted, they are pitted against a male and female pair of savage aliens with incredible strength. The aliens are provided with food and Absurdly Sharp Blade boomerangs, while the humans are only provided with food and the bullets in the man's gun are confiscated. The humans win anyway.
- Blood Ties episode "Necrodrome" featured a necromancer using rites based on Egyptian mythology to re-animate dead athletes to perform in bouts.
- Being Human (UK) episodes "Lia" and "The Pack" have cage matches with captured werewolves, run by vampires.
- A popular variation is to pit a werewolf against a human armed only with a knife. After all, what fun is it without giving him a sporting chance?
- The Smallville episode "Dominion" had Clark Kent and Oliver Queen sent to the Phantom Zone, where they find that General Zod has taken over and organizes these. Naturally, Clark and Oliver were forced to participate.
- In the Max Headroom episode "Rakers" Edison Carter investigates the rise of the violent sport of raking, which involves skateboard riders with weapons fighting each other.
- In Star Trek: Voyager episode "Tsunkatse" Seven of Nine is forces to battle an alien played by The Rock, and loses only because she hesitates. The crowd loves seeing a Borg drone being beat, and she is then put into a death match.
- "In The Colosseum" from Bone Machine, by Tom Waits.
- "We Who are About to Die" by Evile.
- "Guardian of the Realm" by Fireaxe.
Two Kings. Two rivals. Fighting for supremacy.Each sends into the arena their finest champion.Their champion strides towards me, a grizzled veteran, winner of a hundred duels and I only one.“Hey kid let’s stop this madness. Are we just high priced slaves?Both kings are tyrants. They should fight in our place.”“Only your king is a tyrant.”, I answer filled with pride.“That is why he will lose. That is why you shall die.”
- "Sanguine Pluit In Arena" by Ade.
- Cat Stevens O Caritas is partially in Latin and sets the gladiator oath to music:
nos perituri mortem salutamus...
- The "Gladiators" table of Last Gladiators is centered on this theme.
- In Warhammer 40,000, the primarch Angron's Back Story (leading to a Gladiator Revolt).
- Dark Eldar Wyches live and breathe Gladiator games. The main reason they go along on raids is to acquire captives to use as opponents/victims.
- The Star Wars role-playing game kept the tradition seen with Jabba in Return of the Jedi, mostly in published scenarios: From West End Games's Star Wars d6 (happens in Secrets of the Sisar Run) to Wizards of the Coast's Star Wars d20 alternative (Reckonings) to Wizards's Saga Edition (Dawn of Defiance). It's easy to use this trope in a role-playing game scenario, satisfying the players' need for Attack! Attack! Attack!!
- Yu-Gi-Oh! has the Gladiator Beasts, a set of monsters that are Exactly What It Says on the Tin, and has the gimmick of "tagging out" with each other after a battle. Bonus points for Konami showing their work by using the real gladiator types and weapons/battle tactics for most of the cards, as well as real-life Roman figures for the namesakes of the most powerful Beasts.
- In D&D's Dark Sun, gladiatorial combat is popular in every city-state, and Gladiator is even a Character Class.
- In Rocket Age many Martian principalities have arenas where prisoners fight each other and great beasts for the entertainment of the crowd. Some rulers have even imported Thunder Lizards from Venus. One such arena in the state of Ustanik even features in the Trail of the Scorpion campaign.
- BIONICLE's 2009 line picks up on the world of Bara Magna, where gladiator games are used to settle tribal disputes. Though the games are regulated enough that it doesn't fall under Blood Sport.
- Transformers commonly has gladiatorial combat as part of pre-civil war Cybertronian society. Megatron is usually a former gladiator, and sometimes Shockwave and Grimlock are as well.
- The Elder Scrolls
- The very first game in the series, Arena, is named as such because it was originally intended to be a game about teams of gladiators battling it out. This would be dropped during development in favor of adapting Tamriel, the developers' home-brew D&D setting, into a video game. As promotional material had already been created, Arena stuck as the title.
- In Morrowind, you'll need to fight a number of battles in the Vivec Arena in order to advance through several factions. In particular, you'll need to do this to achieve guild leader status in the Imperial Legion, House Redoran, and the Mages' Guild.note You'll need to battle Dram Bero's champion in order to gain his support in House Hlaalu as well.
- The Arena in is also an optional version. Your armor is limited to the one provided. You can however use your choice of helmet, shield and weapons. The Arena was founded by the legendary Redguard hero Gaiden Shinji, who also served as its first Blademaster (which wasn't just a cosmetic title for him).
- Inverted in the Shivering Isles expansion. Some notes found in a ruined Arena show that slaves were abducted to engage in sex for the spectators. The captives instead assumed they were being prepared to fight to the death, and instead murdered each other on the arena floor, to the disappointment of their captors.
- One of the many, many sadistic uses for caged enemies in Dwarf Fortress. Cage traps are useful because they're a guaranteed elimination, except that you have to find a use for them. One of these is providing much-needed XP for your military by letting your troops grind them into powder in an arena. (Another use is forcing them to run a horrifically sadistic deathcourse...Videogame Cruelty Potential rocks).
- Early in Baldur's Gate II the party can find an underground gladiator ring hidden in the back of the Copper Coronet, with the option of starting a quick Gladiator Revolt for some good karma. A few acts later, stumbling into the wrong part of the Underdark results in the whole party being captured by Mindflayers and sent to fight monsters in their arena.
- Happens to the player and their squad in Clive Barker's Jericho. The Jericho team, travelling through the Roman time-slice in the Pyxis, are lured into a trap by the Big Bad of the period, Cassus Vicus, a ridiculously fat Roman governor who was said to be so utterly depraved that he was banished from Italy by Caligula. The team find themselves in a huge arena where they must fight off a few waves of monsters while being watched by Cassus and thousands of spectators. Once this is over, you go on to fight Cassus himself.
- There's an important sub-plot involving traditional gladiatorial games in Suikoden V. They're more humane than most of the examples on this list, thanks to some new laws introduced by the Royals Who Actually Do Something in the backstory, and by the end of the game they've been abolished entirely.
- In most Might and Magic games, there's an Arena you can go to where you can fight to the death against groups of monsters to win gold (and in some cases, experience). The rules vary depending on which game, and the monsters are chosen at random, although you can usually pick the level of difficulty. (Although the difficulty levels often get more difficult overall as your own experience levels get higher.) Unlike most examples of this Trope, it's entirely voluntary; sometimes you even have to pay a fee to enter, and at times you can only go on certain days. In at least one game, a promotion quest depends on going there.
- World of Warcraft has several arenas like this, although participation is voluntary. (Most of the time; some storylines have villains that leave the player little choice.) Most questlines involving them consist of the player fighting one boss after another, and it's one of the few places you can engage in PVP combat against a member of your own faction.
- In Dungeon Keeper 2 the combat pit is used to train fighters past level 4.
- At one point in Overlord II you are captured and sentenced to die in the Arena where you are pitted against laughably weak prisoners, not so laughably weak unicorns, a Gargantuan, and the Yeti. Fortunately there are plenty of captive minions in barrels to be found, and you can turn the tables on the audience by making them part of the show.
- World of Warcraft features a Player Versus Player Arena system, allowing players to form teams of two to five characters and fight against other teams for rewards, including ranking, titles, and the best PvP gear in the game.
- It also features a dungeon and raid that pit the players against NPCs representing the opposing faction, champions of the Argent Crusade, and gigantic monsters captured for the sole purpose of unleashing them in the arena. Rather than just being entertainment, it's part of a tournament to find the greatest heroes in the world to take on the Big Bad, but that doesn't stop the crowd from cheering when you trample someone under your horse.
- The trailer for The Force Unleashed 2 shows Galen Marek entering an arena and taking on some type of titanic beast that just picked up a rancor with one hand and threw it to the cheers of a bloodthirsty crowd.
- The LucasArts Turn-Based Strategy game Gladius is based around building a team for a gladiator circuit, though you wind up Saving the World instead of becoming grand champion. Stupid Sealed Evil in a Can...
- Rome: Total War allows you to put on (very abstracted) gladiatorial games in order to keep a city's population happy.
- In Dragon Age: Origins, a very prestigious sport for the dwarves of Orzammar. Combat in the Provings is not to the death, however, except in extremely rare cases. Oghren apparently accidentally killed a noble who challenged him in a battle to first blood, due to being a berserker, and thus was banned from bearing arms and armor in the city.
- The MechWarrior 4 Mercenaries expansion allows you to participate in arena matches where everyone is piloting a Humongous Mecha ranging from 30 tons (for the lightest weight classes) all the way up to 100 tons, in a free-for-all of 8 (or more) competitors. None of the games are to the death, although competitors must bring their own personal mechs to the match, and are not reimbursed for losing their mech in the fight, leading to the upper weight classes being fought out completely by professional gladiators (with some lip service paid to corporate sponsorship).
- The premise of MadWorld is a spectator sport called Deathwatch, complete with the hilarity caused by having announcers.
- Saints Row: The Third features Professor Genki's Super Ethical Reality Climax, which hilariously mixes this with the vibe of a Japanese game show.
- This is the fundamental premise of the Unreal Tournament franchise: the NEG and Liandri Corporation run the Tournament as a way of keeping the masses in order. Contestants include convicted criminals, mercenaries trying to win fame and fortune, and aliens and robots trying to prove their dominance over humanity. The original title included at least one economist, with the character bio saying, "people will pay good money to see economists, lawyers and other scum fight in the arena". Not to mention that the big champions like Xan Kriegor and Malcolm have become genuine celebrities for their Tournament exploits.
- Fallout 3's The Pitt has the Hole, an irradiated Thunderdome-style arena in which the player must fight several slave opponents to regain his/her freedom and equipment.
- Fallout: New Vegas plays this trope straight by having an actual Roman style fighting arena situated in Caesar's Legion's main camp where male characters can fight for glory and Legion fame. Female characters, however, cannot participate under normal circumstances.
- Fallout 4's Wasteland Workshop DLC allows the player to build their own arenas and pit their settlers and companions against animals, mutants, imprisoned Raiders, or even other settlers.
- Perfect Dark Zero has VR deathmatch apparatuses, and you must fight Mai Hem in one that is rigged so that the player who dies in the game dies for real.
- Aksys Games's Gladiator Begins rather obviously features such fights. You're actually a slave fighting to earn your freedom, and when you do eventually earn enough money to do so, you can leave it all behind for an ending. But over the course of the game, you also can get involved in, and resolve, three separate storylines that bring you to the attention of someone influential if you decide to stay in the arena.
- Lightning Returns: Final Fantasy XIII has The Slaughterhouse, where you can fight strong monsters for recovery items early in the evening, and weaker monsters or hostile people for lesser rewards as the night wears on. Some quests also require you to take part in matches.
- Gladiatrix has a female gladiator as the Player Character. Also, her fights to the death are with non-human opponents.
- One particular Last-Team-Standing map in Pirates Vikings and Knights takes place in a Roman colosseum, although there are no spectators. (Might have something to do with the soon-to-erupt volcano)
- Most games in the Ratchet & Clank franchise feature an arena level. Interestingly, as the games have progressed, the tournaments have gone from being entertainment hosted by the local Mega Corp. to solely the purview of backwater criminals or Proud Warrior Race species.
- The Fire Emblem series often features Arenas on certain maps, where characters can fight for extra gold and experience. However, Final Death is still in effect here, so there's a lot of risk involved. In the Akaneia games, Ogma's backstory involves being a former gladiator (from a very young age, it's implied), and some of his conversations in Fire Emblem: Mystery of the Emblem imply it was so horrific he still suffers from some form of PTSD over it.
- For Honor has added elements of this over the course of the second and third seasons with two new Knight faction heroes, the Centurion, and well, the Gladiator. The Centurion is a Hybrid ostensibly based on Roman soldiers and uses a gladius as his weapon, but also incorporates a lot of punches and kicks in his repertoire; two of his purchaseable executions are also very gladiator-themed (including the thumbs up/down and playing to an imaginary crowd of spectators). The Gladiator is an Assassin character who appears to be a combination of the retiarius and hoplomachus types of gladiator (retiarius-like armour and a trident, but with a small shield in place of the net) and has yet to be released at the time of this entry, but will presumably carry on the theme started by the Centurion.
- Far Cry 4 features the Shanath Arena, a gladiator tournament hosted by Noore Najjar (one of King Pagan Min's military governors). Here, men (including both slaves and volunteers) must fight against other warriors and dangerous animals in gruesome battles to the death. Ajay Ghale is briefly kidnapped and forced to fight there to earn his life and freedom back, though afterwards he may return to continue killing people and beasts with his own free will.
- Data East's Hippodrome is a gladiatorial game where your barbarian must do battle against creatures such as giants, medusa and lizard men. This would be followed by Mutant Fighter (Deathbrade in Japan), where monsters and brave warriors are wrestling inside a colosseum. Mutant Fighter may be most memorable for having your fighter wrestle the Hydra (which gives you its equivalent of "draw and quarter" as a special move).
- Coinciding with the success of Gladiator, the PS2 had a trend of making gladiator-style games of varying realism including Gladius, Colosseum - Road to Freedom, Gladiator - Sword of Vengeance and Circus Maximus
- The Order of the Stick: Xykon loves this.
- So does the Empire of Blood, after a Kangaroo Court.
- A few strips later, it goes on to discuss every single trope associated with Gladiator Games.
- Belkar dreams of watching people "fight to the death for his amusement". A few times, he thought he gained power over some group and immediately ordered them to do so (as soon as they provide him with some hookers). (Un)fortunately, he didn't actually have any power in any of those cases.
- Drowtales has The Black Dragon, which hosts these and also serves as a convenient dumping point for certain political prisoners who need to "disappear" and make most of their income off of breeding dragons for the ruling Vel'Sharen clan, using those fighters who lose too often as meat for the hatchlings.
- Last Res0rt: It's a futuristic reality show for criminals WITH AN ARENA!, f'God's sake. At least the monsters in this one are justified in their relentless assault by being robots.
- Alien Dice has the titular game which is a mix of Mons fighting and Gladiator Game.
- Teh Gladiators is a pastiche of the Arena battles in Wo W.
- The titular Domain Tnemrot is a stadium that features these battles.
- The opening setting of Impure Blood
- In Endstone, advertisements for this are Kyri's first warning that things have changed
- Oglaf parodies the Gladiator Games. (very NSFW)
- in Karate Bears a guy Gladiates to save a lady.
- In the Jana of the Jungle episode "Katuchi Danger", the Katuchi chief forced Jana and Montaro to fight a reptilian beast.
- Dr Zoidberg challenges Fry to "Claw-Plach" in the Futurama episode "Why Must I Be a Crustacean In Love?".
- The Justice League episode "War World" had Superman in such a fight.
- Parodied on Family Guy during an Imagine Spot where Peter claims to own gladiator mice.
"Yes! Die, die! I have everything and you have nothing!"
- In the first (Tartakovsky-produced) Star Wars: Clone Wars series, Count Dooku used such games to recruit anti-Jedi assassins. Asajj Ventress proved herself by killing all of the other candidates. In one fight.
- One of the Robot Chicken Star Wars specials parodied the Attack of the Clones example with an in-universe ad, depicting it as an event like a monster truck rally.
- The Galaxy Rangers episode "Shoot Out": The Queen builds a stadium on the Wretched Hive world of Tortuna, and inaugurates it with a gun-slinging tournament (yup, this is a Space Western). This serves as Bread and Circuses for her subjects, adds a few more poor bastards (the losing contestants) to her Psychocrypt, and she baits the Rangers there with the promise of awarding Eliza's crystal to the winner. The last part turns out to be total BS.
- When South Park had Stan entering Facebook, in a direct parody of Tron, the game is... Yahtzee.
- In The Smurfs episode "Gnoman Holiday", Brainy is forced to fight a muscular brute named Biggus in order to keep Smurfette from marrying Julius Geezer's son Nerdo during their time travels.
- Generator Rex: Van Kleiss is sold into the arena after being captured by the Romans in "A Brief History of Time".
- Gladiatorial death matches between enslaved robots are a feature of the Robot Republic visited by the crew of the Valiant in an episode of Dogstar.
- Globnar from Gravity Falls is Gladiator Games IN THE FUTURE!. The contestants battle against each other in a variety of challenges, the winner getting a single Time Wish (which allows them to wish for anything, paradox free) and decides the fate of the loser. Dipper and Mabel are challenged by Blendin Blandin, although after they win they ask for Blendin's old job restored and give the wish to Soos.
- On the Wander over Yonder episode "The Birthday Boy", Lord Hater gets a Doom Arena for his birthday, where he will watch Wander and Sylvia get slaughtered. Naturally, Wander manages to defeat everything that gets thrown at him thanks to The Power of Friendship.
- Hard as it is to believe, they had this in Challenge of the GoBots, and it was not the non-lethal kind. The "Old Gobotron" episode had combat done on flying platforms with long sticks, over a pit of lava, the loser being the one who fell first. (One viewed match ends with both gladiators losing when both fall at once.) It gets better. Matt Hunter (the Guardians' human companion) was conscripted into one of the fights, and won the same way the regulars did; at the end of the episode, he challenges a villain to a match (said villain accepting with relish, saying this is the first time he's fought a human) and he wins the same way again.
- In an episode of The Angry Beavers, Norbert and Dagget take a bus back in time and get kicked off at what they think is a hockey game, but turns out to be the Colosseum. They face off against an entire pride of lions, and they help a neurotic two-eyed cyclops gain confidence. The Roman Emperor thinks they're actual gladiators, instead of Fish out of Temporal Water with dumb luck.
- Samurai Jack has twice been kidnapped and forced to participate in these kinds of events. As a Martial Pacifist, he finds fighting for other people's entertainment to be disgusting.
- "Jack and the Smackback" is a straightforward example, in which Jack is enslaved and imprisoned in an arena known as the Dome of Doom, where he battles against a series of other warriors.
- "Chicken Jack" involves an animal-fighting variant. Not long after being magically turned into a chicken, Jack is abducted and forced by his new "owner" to fight various monstrous creatures. But even as a small bird, he's still just as deadly.
- The Roman ludi (public games) and munera (privately offered games), of course. Originally stemming from funeral rites, the games later evolved into a peculiar combination of Public Execution combined with Blood Sport as most gladiators were either condemned criminals, war captives, insubordinate slaves sold to games by their masters or bankrupt freemen sold to games by their creditors. Ludi and munera were eventually prohibited 410 by Christian Emperor Honorius, and superceded by chariot racing.
- Surprisingly, the games were more about blood and less about carnage than often thought. The diet of the gladiators consisted heavily of carbohydrates, such as wheat and barley, which caused, along the regular excercise, the gladiators a certain degree of obesity. The fat tissue acted as kevlard, both protecting the vital organs from slashes and also allowing spectacular degree of hemorrgahe without being lethal. The period authors claim the audience desired to see blood but not death. Combined with the acrofatic nature of the gladiator games, outright kills in combat were rare. Killing a surrendered opponent was usually averted, as the patron of the games was compelled to pay for the organizer for each gladiator killed. Most gladiators who were killed in the end were either Dirty Coward types or wounded too badly to survive even the best treatment.
- There were basically seven ways of ending up at the arena (for Latin harena, sand):
- 1. Be a grumpy and disobedient slave (although hitting your master will end you up rather on cross rather than arena).
- 2. Be a member of a losing army in a war against Rome.
- 3. Be a muscular and fit civilian captive in such war.
- 4. Amass so much debt you cannot pay it and sell yourself as a slave to lanista in exchange of your debts.
- 5. Commit a manslaughter or murder or a silmilar crime and make an impression to the judge so you will get damnatio ad ludum instead of damnatio ad bestias, damnatio ad gladium or a simple and ignomious beheading.
- 6. Be the black sheep of your family and volunteer. It is a social (and probably also physical) suicide, but might pay really well.
- 7. Be a tomboyish woman who considers a short but glamorous life at arena is preferable to marriage and submission.
"MORITURI TE SALUTAMUS, We who are about to die salute you!"