"Now here is Orsini alone with his [unfaithful] wife. [...] Orsini grabs the iron fire poker and hits his wife over the head, full force, wham, wham, dead. He drops the fire poker on her corpse and walks briskly out of the room, leaving it for the servants to clean up. Yes. That is the right thing, because this is the Renaissance, and these people are terrible. When word gets out there is concern over a possible feud, but no one ever comments that Orsini killing his wife was anything but the appropriate course. That is historicity, and the modern audience is left in genuine shock."Sometimes, morals don't travel well. Often, what is appropriate to one culture at a given time can be repugnant to the same culture at another, or vice versa. Thus, when depicting other cultures, a creator has to choose whether to portray them accurately or not. Many just use their own contemporary culture for everyone in the story for narrative reasons or just to make writing it easier, resulting in an inaccurate and/or anachronistic story. Some, however, research the culture and make an effort to reproduce the attitudes of the time and place accurately, even when they are wildly different to what the author knows or might consider sensible. Thus one ends up with a case of Deliberate Values Dissonance. In Historical Fiction and Historical Fantasy, this is an obvious necessity to avoid anachronisms; indeed readers may criticize works for failure to reflect the actual historically accurate views as an Anachronism Stew. This may result in an Author Tract, the story condemning or praising certain values or societal norms that are no longer relevant. Be wary, though, for sometimes Reality Is Unrealistic and the deliberately different values end up just as inaccurate, but in the opposite direction—a story could present some value as being a relic of the past even if it's still widespread at the time of its writing, or present a value as common in a specific place or time period even if it wasn't. For Speculative Fiction this is also often a necessity, as it would make no sense for radically different societies—even if they are presented as a future version of the "present" society—to adopt exactly the same values. This can result in an Author Tract of a different kind, presenting values the author believes could or should arise in certain situations. Conversely this could simply be a tool for World Building, especially in stories involving extraterrestrials or otherwise completely "alien" civilizations. When moral systems are so different from a reader's culture that they are almost incomprehensible, Blue and Orange Morality is the result. Another way to sidestep this problem is to write a family-friendly story set in a small community with a near-homogeneous population, where controversial social or political issues never come up and in fact can scarcely be imagined. Often a meditation on or argument against Good Flaws, Bad Flaws. See also Your Normal Is Our Taboo, Unfortunate Implications, Culture Clash, No Equal Opportunity Time Travel. Contrast Politically Correct History, Eternal Sexual Freedom, Fair for Its Day, Culture Justifies Anything, The Theme Park Version.
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Anime & Manga
- Anatolia Story:
- Yuri is shocked to learn that a young servant is to be hanged for attacking her (she knew he was Brainwashed and Crazy), just because under their law, she was a prince's concubine and thus a member of the royal family. She finds out that the penalty for attacking a commoner would have gotten him hard labor, and is disgusted to learn that the servant will die for class issues. Later, she is also very surprised to learn that the child (14 years old) prince Juda has a legal wife and several concubines, and that the people of one town she stops in have no concept of basic sanitation and care for injured people.
- When Yuri and her friends briefly stay in Egypt, they're rather shocked and embarrassed by how Ramses's sister constantly goes around topless, apparently due to the heat, and encourages Yuri to do the same. (This is actually Artistic License: people in very hot climates tend to actually wear clothing that covers their entire body to avoid exposure to the sun, with the clothing being loose to allow ventilation.)
- During her stay in Egypt, Yuri learns that a little child that stole food from a temple will get his hand chopped off, and people who cannot pay their taxes will be thrown into jail or similar, and is obviously appalled. Same with the Aladdin example, this was (and still is) a very common thing done to thieves.
- When visiting a city-state that's about to be invaded, Yuri is shocked to find the place filled with prostitutes. She tries to order them all out, on the grounds that the soldiers should be focusing on the upcoming battle, but is persuaded that it's better to let a few stay, because the men use them for stress relief. The implication is that it's normal for prostitutes to be hanging around like that.
- When Ramses is abducting Yuri, he tells her off for struggling against him when he's being so "nice", which he defines as "not raping her". Yuri is shocked by the audacity of this, because naturally she sees kidnapping as automatically not nice behavior and not raping someone isn't worthy of praise.
- Yuri is noted to be a very cute girl by modern standards, but in the ancient times she's often called scrawny and boyish, even somewhat ugly. This is due to the fact that beautiful women in ancient times were expected to be curvaceous and voluptuous, which Yuri is definitely not. While a number of men do end up falling for her, the story makes it very clear that they're attracted to her personality and willpower, rather than her looks.
- Fullmetal Alchemist:
- Most people don't seem to mind that their government is a military dictatorship, just that it's an incredibly corrupt and amoral one. Roy Mustang's dream is to reform the parliament, but other members of the upper brass are perfectly happy with the dictatorship. Any reform seems to be a long time coming as Fuhrer Grumman seems to have no interest in it.
- The Conqueror of Shamballa movie has Ed living in Germany just as the Nazi party is rising to prominence, so there's plenty of anti-Jewish and anti-Roma prejudice going around.
- Spice and Wolf:
- Quite sympathetic protagonist Lawrence considers slavery a necessary and productive trade, even after nearly being forced into slavery to pay off a debt. Meanwhile his companion, Holo, who is a wolf in human form, has a lot of wolf-like mentality; for example, she tends to focus mainly on the now, especially when it comes to stuffing her face full of food, despite Lawrence's complaints about how much money she costs as a result. A great deal of the show's entertainment consists of the two judging each other by their own set of values, and especially in Lawrence's case coming to wrong conclusions because of it.
- Holo sees absolutely nothing wrong with being naked, she is a wolf after all. It outright angers her that Lawrence expects her to be clothed.
- Used to build tension in the "bankruptcy" arc; most viewers, and in-universe Holo, see no reason why Holo tagging along when Lawrence goes to ask for loans to help with his debt is a problem. Lawrence's friends, however, make the assumption that Holo is some "arm-candy" that Lawrence went broke trying to impress and now he's still trying to keep her, hence the comment one finally makes that reveals to Holo she's the reason why they have all refused to help Lawrence.
- In Tenchi Muyo! Aeka is engaged to marry her biological half brother, which she explains to Tenchi with little more than that's how we do things on Jurai. It's played with later on in the OVA, and then outright subverted in the spinoff material. No one in the family (except Aeka), expected the marriage to go down, and the whole point was to keep anti-integration activists from supporting Aeka as an alternative to Yosho as king. (This completely goes to shit when you realize that Aeka's grandmother, Seto, is adopted, and that the current king is of mixed blood himself.)
- In Neon Genesis Evangelion, Asuka (who is a quarter Japanese and grew up in Germany) is baffled upon learning that none of the doors in Misato's apartment have locks. Misato then explains that it's a cultural difference, as in Japan, locking yourself in your room and separating yourself from others is considered quite rude. Comparatively, very few Westerners would see anything odd about a teenager locking her bedroom door in order to ensure privacy.
- Vinland Saga:
- Thorfinn has no problem with his comrades raping women, though he doesn't personally join in. Likewise the slave trade is treated like a normal business by most of the people shown.
- Leif is later shown to be the Stay in the Kitchen type regarding the role of women, despite being a genuinely nice guy otherwise. Needless to say, feminism and gender equality weren't exactly all the rage in 11th century Europe.
- Femme Kabuki being set during the Meiji Restoration explicitly points out how corrupt and unfair the new system is and the appeal/shame that comes with "Saint" Jodie Hanabusa-Abbott playing up being Foreign Fanservice to the Japanese audience with her blonde hair and Western clothes despite not knowing a lick of English (her Japanese is child-like and ironically innocent) due to her Disappeared Dad running out on her mother after knocking her up and being bullied as a child for being a "Rashomen's Child." She got better being part of the kabuki troupe to the extent of being an Iron Woobie that the kidnappers she tells her life story to (under the belief she was a rich White man's daughter) are motivated to improve their lives and work honestly.
- Black Butler has some fun with this. Elizabeth doesn't have any problem with Nina Hopkins sexually assaulting Mey-Rin; after all, Mey-Rin is just the hired help, and hell, Elizabeth practically does the same thing. No, what makes her gasp and blush is Nina showing off her legs.
- In the Jaya flashback story in One Piece, the Shandians were willing to sacrifice Calgara's daughter to their snake god because their village was plagued with disease and death and they believed this would appease the snake god. The explorer Noland did not take this well.
- This is played with a lot in Axis Powers Hetalia. A constant source of jokes is to have two Nations discuss aspects of their culture (clothing, food, mythology, etc) and watch their shocked reactions to each other. One particular Running Gag is Japan and America visiting each other's houses. Japan is overwhelmed by how huge his order of French Fries are, while America has a Heroic B.S.O.D. over how small the same order is, in Japan. Japan is shocked by the bizarrely-colored cakes America bakes (even wanting to take its picture) and America has no idea why a beautiful woman in Japan's house just gave him a packet of tissues for free (it was a way to advertise a sex club). At one point, Japan thinks America is a wimp for crying in fear over a movie about ghosts, while Japan himself just makes jokes about it. Japan tries to make America braver by giving him a terrifying Japanese video game to try. Instead of being scared by it, America thinks it's hilarious and replicates one of the ghosts, much to Japan's terror. That particular story ends with Japan thinking "I have no idea what scares this guy!" (The last story, incidentally, was taking from an actual example of Values Dissonance the artist experienced. He'd watch Americans freak out over ghost movies that the Chinese guys in the room laughed at, while the Americans laughed and made jokes about Japanese horror films that the Japanese people found terrifying).
- This is a major theme in many episodes of Kino's Journey as most of the lands (in this fictional world) Kino visits have morals or laws that seem outright appalling. It's stated by several characters that they'll come across places that will seem shocking to Kino, but normal to the residents of the country (usually). Kino has a rule to try not to judge or interfere, part of why she leaves a country after three days, regardless of its state.
- Stepping on Roses is about a marriage of convenience between a poor girl from the Yokohama slums who is only familiar with traditional Japanese culture, and a very rich man who has been educated in the Westernised upper class of Tokyo. Naturally, they clash a LOT in regards to how things are done at home, how to dress up, what kind of behavior they should follow, etc. (And then there's how the guy is a borderline Bastard Boyfriend, but that's something else.)
- In Ojamajo Doremi, Momoko, a Japanese-American, accidentally offends Hazuki and Onpu by openly criticizing their lack of skill in cooking, but doesn't understand why. Aiko explains to her that it's not in Japanese culture to be very blunt and confrontational.
- As Rose of Versailles is extremely accurate in depicting pre-Revolutionary France, this happens regularly, with two of the most extreme examples being madame De Polignac's favorable attitude regarding Arranged Marriage between her teenaged daughter and a man in his thirty and soldiers of an Household Regiment quipping how strange was having a king that dressed modestly and loved his people (the specific situation being Versailles' gardens filled with snow and Louis XVI showing up in a practical coat to order the guards to hire the poorest citizens of Paris to clean up and pay them well).
- In The Rising Of The Shield Hero there exists slavery, public executions as entertainment, and the wholesale slaughter of everyone associated with an enemy of the state. All of these are considered perfectly normal and acceptable by the residents of the world. Naofumi on the other hand is squicked when attending executions where the people are happily cheering but reminds himself that it used to be common on Earth in the past.
- Played for Laughs in Girls und Panzer: In-universe, tank combat is considered intensely feminine (much like naginata fencing traditionally was in Real Life Japan), and the main characters often make remarks about how weird it would be if a boy was interested in tanks.
- Used as part of the Deconstructor Fleet presented in Yu-Gi-Oh! ARC-V. The people of the Synchro Dimension don't care that the losers of the Friendship Cup are Made a Slave, something which horrifies Yuya, as he considers duels something only for fun.
- A Bride's Story takes place in the late 1800s and is full of this, such as how Amir is a Christmas Cake at the ripe old age of twenty. The very premise is an example in itself: Amir has an Arranged Marriage to a twelve-year old boy named Karluk.
- The Mouse character Mei was raised outside of normal society to be a Sex Slave. This affected her in many ways, the strangest of which is that she has no problem with talking very candidly to people about their fetishes.
Sorata: Don't you think you provoked Yayoi a little too much?
- The Sandman:
- In "Ramadan" the Caliph Haroun Al-Raschid, regarded as a paragon of justice by his contemporaries, has several torture chambers in his palace and not only has a harem of wives, but also several underage boys (though they appear to be at least in their teens), which were common practices at the time. Immortal characters often suffer Values Dissonance about their own actions, such as Hob Gadling's guilt over his involvement in the slave trade.
- At one point in "August", which is set in Ancient Rome, a disguised Emperor Augustus meets a man who was born into slavery, but was later freed and grew up to become a wine merchant with his own large collection of slaves. This is treated as an inspirational Rags to Riches story (as it would have been at the time), with no one finding it odd that a former slave would take pride in owning slaves of his own.
- Sandman Mystery Theatre actually dealt with the racism and sexism prevalent in 30's and 40's, in sharp contrast to the colorful and nostalgic depictions of the Golden Age seen in most DC Comics publications.
- In the Dead Girl miniseries, dead 40s heroine Miss America and dead 00s hero the Anarchist get along poorly at first because, well... he's black. She even refers to him using the n-word at one point.
- MAD's parody of Robin Hood: Prince of Thieves "Throbbin' Hood: Prince of Heaves" parodied both the movie and, at the end, this trope. When King Richard returns, he informs all of the loyal peasants and outlaws who've helped restore him to his throne that now they shall all live as they have always lived before (to much applause and cheering)... with no freedom of speech, no freedom of assembly, no freedom of religion, and absolutely no questioning the divine right of kings. The cheering stops and the suddenly enraged outlaws all throw things at Richard and tell him to "Get lost, baldy!"
- In Marshal Law, the members of the Jesus Society of America can hardly see an Asian person or hear a German word without coming to the conclusion that they've become stranded in a parallel universe where the Axis won World War II. Oh, and Marshal Law sets the record straight that these guys were legitimately not real heroes by any stretch of the imagination.
- In Strontium Dog, during a story detailing how Johnny and Wulf first met, Wulf and his Viking pals celebrate a good raid by killing a bunch of slaves and splattering their blood everywhere. It's all in good fun.
- In an issue of Cable and X-Force, Doctor Nemesis asks a nervous Forge "Where's [his] pioneer spirit?" Forge, a member of the Cheyenne Nation, immediately takes offense to the question, since his people obviously have a far more negative opinion of pioneers than white Americans do.
- Warren Ellis's Crecy is a warts-and-all depiction of the famous Battle of Crécy in 1346. The narrator acknowledges the dissonance, describing himself as "a complete bloody xenophobe who comes from a time when it was acceptable to treat people from the next village like they were subhumans" and admitting that by modern standards his side have been "acting like evil pricks", but insists that the other side was even worse.
- Captain America:
- The Ultimate Marvel version presents Cap with some rather modernly distasteful attitudes, as part of a more "realistic" take on what a soldier and average American citizen from 1940 would really be like, especially if he time-skipped to the 2000s. Most prominently, he's a Noble Bigot, a firm believer in My Country, Right or Wrong (as seen during his confrontation with Ultimate Nuke), and he holds an infamous disdain for the French. The last is probably meant to reflect a US soldier's loathing of the French as a whole for capitulating to the Nazis early in the War and forcing many US soldiers to die trying to free the French from their own government, though it's rather ahistorical. America was still rather Francophilic at the time - General Patton adored the country - and anti-French sentiment only really picked up during the 1950s under deGaulle's rather abrasive leadership of the nation. This contrasts with 616-Cap, who worked with the Resistance and hates portrayals of the French as cowards: "The government surrendered. The people never did."
- An inadvertently inverted version cropped up in The Ultimates 3. Cap's horror and disgust at Wanda and Pietro's incestuous relationship was framed as him being out of touch and old-fashioned in the face of his teammate's casual acceptance of it. Given that vitually everyone in the modern era considers incest to be... icky, he comes off as the Only Sane Man.
- Warren Ellis gives a similar portrayal in Nextwave. In a flashback, Cap is shown telling Captain Marvel (his black, female teammate) to leave a battle and make him something to eat.
- The idea is subverted in an issue of Young Avengers. Wiccan is shocked when Captain America expresses approval for his gay relationship with Hulkling, figuring that someone born in the 1920's would not view homosexuals in a positive light. (Oddly enough, the most common backstory for Steve Rogers has him grow up in a prominent gay neighborhood.)
- During Ed Brubaker's Captain America run, there was a one-shot where the Winter Soldier teamed up with the Young Avengers. Though he got along well with the black teen hero Patriot (he was friends with the black Human Top and the Japanese-American Golden Girl during WWII), Kate Bishop called him out on his language after he referred to a group of Mooks as "pansies." He shrugged it off by saying that he was from the 40's, and thus had no idea the term was considered a slur on homosexuals in a modern context.
- In the 70's, Cap and The Falcon fought William Burnside and Jack Monroe, the Captain America and Bucky of the 1950's. Both were decidedly racist and sexist, with Jack in particular hurling racist insults at the Falcon and insinuating that Sharon Carter was a weakling because she's a woman.
- The Ultimate Marvel version presents Cap with some rather modernly distasteful attitudes, as part of a more "realistic" take on what a soldier and average American citizen from 1940 would really be like, especially if he time-skipped to the 2000s. Most prominently, he's a Noble Bigot, a firm believer in My Country, Right or Wrong (as seen during his confrontation with Ultimate Nuke), and he holds an infamous disdain for the French. The last is probably meant to reflect a US soldier's loathing of the French as a whole for capitulating to the Nazis early in the War and forcing many US soldiers to die trying to free the French from their own government, though it's rather ahistorical. America was still rather Francophilic at the time - General Patton adored the country - and anti-French sentiment only really picked up during the 1950s under deGaulle's rather abrasive leadership of the nation. This contrasts with 616-Cap, who worked with the Resistance and hates portrayals of the French as cowards: "The government surrendered. The people never did."
- At least one comic book version of Xena: Warrior Princess walked back some of the show's Anachronism Stew by showing a slight difference of attitudes toward slavery between Xena and Gabrielle. When presented with a Roman band of slaves about to be auctioned off, Gabrielle is appalled at slavery in general (not a common attitude in classical Rome) and particularly that one of the slaves is a pregnant woman. Xena, in contrast, is generally convinced that the (otherwise all-male) slaves must be criminals who've done something to deserve their condition, but makes an exception in the pregnant woman's case as it seems improbable to her that a pregnant woman could be guilty of any serious crime. The two thus agree to go buy the woman free, each for their own reasons—but leave the rest of them to be sold. Conversely, while touting the various qualities of the slaves, the auctioneer not only flogs how strong one particular big black guy is, but adds "...and smart! Nubians are smart! You'll never have to tell him anything twice." (If an auctioneer in the USA during slavery had said such a thing about a slave, he would have had a hard time making the sale; a smart "uppity" slave was considered a likely flight risk. Roman masters, in contrast, regularly encouraged their slaves to learn a trade and buy themselves free so they could buy younger slaves to replace them and wouldn't have to pay for older slaves' upkeep when they were too old to work.)
- Atomic Robo reminds us that H.P. Lovecraft was a massive racist and xenophobe, even compared to his contemporaries. Take, for example, when he mistakes Robo for a pygmy dressed in ceremonial black ritual armor:
Robo: 'Scuze me.
Lovecraft: Ah! Look, it's attempting to communicate. No doubt the savage thing knows language as a house pet knows its reflection in the mirror. The sense is taken in, but the process, the meaning, is forever lost.
Robo: Yer razzin' me.
Lovecraft: See how vainly it cobbles together a string of sounds not unlike words? Take. Us. To. Magic. Thunder. Man.Robo: Uh-huh.
- This portrayal of Lovecraft also shows up in the Planetary/Authority crossover:
Lovecraft: Mr. Snow, I believe these to be Negro eggs.
- A storyline has the team finds themselves in America in 1907. There, they meet a girl named Klara Prast. Klara is more upset at the possibility of them recruiting her for a union than the fact that she was forced by her parents to marry a man who is old enough to be her father, and who beats her and is implied to rape her. Molly fails to realize this when Klara alludes to it; Karolina does. Later, Klara refers to Xavin in female, black form as a "negress" and is disgusted at female Xavin and Karolina being intimate.
- The same storyline has an instance where Karolina takes an evening stroll and is mistaken for a prostitute by a creepy man, on the grounds that that's the only sort of woman who'd be walking around the city at this time of night. When she tries to correct the mistake, he refuses to listen and drags her into an alley. One beat panel later, he goes flying across the street and Karolina comments "Looks like history just lost another buff".
- Occurs in Joss Whedon's Astonishing X-Men, where Wolverine is mentally regressed to childhood and believes he's still living in the 1800's. He ignores Kitty Pryde's orders on the basis that she's a woman, calls Armor an "Oriental," and refers to the Japanese language as "Heathen funny talk."
- Regular Shazam villain Black Adam is Captain Marvel's predecessor in the distant past. Five thousand years ago, he was a great hero who rose up from slavery, freed his people from the cruelty of an evil tyrant, and ruled over them for many years as a just, wise, and beloved king who bravely fought to protect them and brought them safety, peace, and plenty. But in the modern age of democracy and superheroes who respect the sanctity of life, his once Grade-A heroic methods look rather barbaric.
- The 2009 Marvel MAX Dominic Fortune series by Howard Chaykin is set in the 1930s, and is absolutely drenched in this trope. All the main male characters throw racial, sexual and anti-semitic slurs around with careless abandon — even the ones who aren't unrepentant Nazi sympathisers — and treat women mostly as animated sex dolls who exist solely for their sexual gratification. The women also take any opportunity to get their clothes off and have sex, but that can probably be chalked up to a different trope.
- Usagi Yojimbo is famous for it being a scrupulously well researched depiction of feudal Japan, the funny animal characters notwithstanding, including its social attitudes to a certain degree. For instance, Sanshobo told the story to Usagi of how he failed to save the son of his master from falling to his death. Sanshobo told his own son there was only one to make up for that that failure; his son stated he understood what was involved, and deliberately leaped to his own death. While the average Western reader would be horrified to see a tragedy compounded by another, neither Sanshobo nor Usagi dispute that was the right thing to do in their eyes.
- Forever Evil: Earth 3 is an entire world where heroism, justice, and the basic good are considered foreign
- The Shadow had a comic series revival in the 1980s where he returned from a complete isolation he began in 1949, and still had all the cultural attitudes of a 1930s aristocrat. Amusingly enough, his sons grew up in the same isolation, and were comically oversaturated with 80s culture.
- Superman & Batman: Generations, as part of its total aversion of Comic-Book Time, has the characters behaving in era-appropriate ways. In the 1939 chapter Superman gladly helps Batman pull a High-Altitude Interrogation, while in later chapters he's adopted his famous Thou Shalt Not Kill policy and even insists that he be punished for killing the Ultra-Humanite, even though the jury was convinced it was an accident that happened during self-defense. Likewise, in the same chapter Lois Lane describes cigarettes as if she were filming a cereal commercial, but has an entirely different attitude decades down the line when diagnosed with cancer.
- Storm Saxon is a Show Within a Show for V for Vendetta. The entire premise seems to be a white guy killing villains based on racist stereotypes (such as Where Da White Women At?).
- Marvel's Civil War had this pointed out in-story when a member of Alpha Flight mentioned that the conflict and angst over registration of superhumans looked ridiculous to heroes outside the United States, as many countries apparently had some form of registration already without it being a source of drama. Alpha Flight's members in particular have to be registered with the federal government: Department H is part of Canada's military. Various X-Men character also pointed out that the vast majority of non-mutant heroes failed to speak up when various versions of a Mutant Registration Act were being pushed by the government.
- In the first issue of Muties, the main character says that this is the story of how he became a hero. His "heroic act" turns out to be murdering a mutant classmate.
- The Transformers: More Than Meets the Eye takes some time to demonstrate the many cultural differences that a race of biomechanical beings may have:
- Due to the fact that Transformers don't reproduce sexually, there are no taboos or stereotypes regarding sexuality or gender. Two Transformers of the same gender being in a relationship is not viewed as any different to two of the opposite gender being together.
- Bigotry is based not on things like color or orientation, but on things like what alt mode you have or what manner you were built in. Transformers who choose not to transform and have their t-cogs removed are often seen as odd.
- At one point the crew has to make sure that a bar permits mechanical lifeforms, suggesting that racial segregation is allowed to be practiced in the galactic community. None of the characters complain about this or see it as unreasonable.
- Most Decepticons believe that every race and culture has a right to defend or sustain itself no matter what. This belief goes to the extent that raids like those performed by Vikings are considered justified if they're being done for survival purposes; for example, in issue 12 we see a Decepticon battalion who kidnap natives on a planet to use for Pink Alchemy and don't consider it wrong because they're starving and desperate.
- Best friends are treated with the same weight as spouses, being referred to with the legal term "amica endure". Of course, when you live millions of years, having someone you can stand to be around for most of that time is pretty amazing.
- Cross culture problems occur in-universe; Autobots strongly believe in a mix of democracy and egalitarianism, while Decepticons believe in a sort of fusion of communism and meritocracy. At one point Krok finishes off an already wounded enemy and none of the Scavengers react much, while First Aid has a guilt-induced breakdown after killing the defenseless Pharma. Autobots allow members to follow whatever beliefs they want, while Decepticons are almost all atheists and tend to talk down to those who do practice religion.
- Quite a few Autobots as well as Decepticons look down on the organic races as inferior and weaker, although Autobots do tend to have more respect for human culture.
- In Spider-Verse, Spider-Man Noir comes off as a bit sexist and racist to his fellow Spiders. He's from a world where it is essentially the 1930s.
- In the very first issue of Paper Girls, one of the protagonists insults a group of bullies by calling them "faggots" and insinuating that they have AIDS. Brian K. Vaughan has said he was aware the scene would upset gay and lesbian readers, but that he felt it was important to establish just how rampant casual taunts about sexuality were in the 1980's. Mac, the girl in question, also smokes heavily without any regard for what it'll mean for her health, despite being a kid. When the girls later travel to 2016, they find out that Mac ends up dying from leukemia, likely brought on by her fondness for cigarettes.
- Non Sequitur:
- A customer at Flo's diner is talking about all the wonderful things about The Fifties and how America going back to that time and those values would be better for everyone, and Flo replies that she agrees and will turn the diner retro, "starting with this vintage sign..." She writes something down and shows it to him, but with her back to the "camera," all we see is his horrified reaction. In the next panel, we see what the sign says: "WHITES ONLY." The man concedes, "Well, maybe not better for everyone."
- Danae visits an alternate universe in which every person is given one wish. It's revealed that Clarence Thomas (real life Associate Justice of the Supreme Court) wished for the United States Constitution to be interpreted as the Founding Fathers originally intended, and it is implied that he is now a servant/slave because of it.
- Racer and the Geek brings this up frequently when mercenaries get involved. Because pony society is so unconfrontational and violence is extremely uncommon, firearms and those associated with them are almost all universally hated.
- Embers shows many cultural clashes between the Earth Kingdom, Water Tribes, Fire Nation, and Air Nomads. For one example the peaceful Air Nomads were so good and kind due to being brainwashed, and would exile those who disagreed from the temples. Chapter 28 offers this gem:
Katara: Good people had good children. And evil people, well they didn't have them anymore, but that was what ice floes were for.
Zuko: You push your enemies off ice floes when nobody's looking. We kill them in the arena where everyone can see. Who's sick?
Katara: Everybody knows those you don't name have to die!
Zuko: If someone gets killed in an Agni Kai? Believe me, everyone knows why they had it coming.
- Hivefled: To the readers, the Parental Incest is disturbing, but trolls don't have any concept of incest due to their Bizarre Alien Reproduction meaning that most trolls never meet their children. The trolls are more upset by the idea of moirails reproducing together, as they're supposed to be Platonic Life Partners. Similarly, blood sacrifices are usually pretty normal in the cult of mirthful messiahs — the Grand Highblood is just breaking the rules by keeping his victims' ghosts. Later on, when the trolls meet the humans, values clash. The trolls are shocked that humans sleep on beds (a.k.a. "concupiscent couches", used only for sex by trolls), bury their dead (trolls think death is something to be faced, not hidden), have separate words for consensual sex and rape (among trolls rape is disapproved of but not actually illegal, victims are given little sympathy, and the word for it is actually the word for the consensual variety pronounced more patronisingly), and don't eat babies (troll grubs are born in such vast numbers that they'd strip the planet bare if significant numbers weren't eaten).
- Like with the canon examples, writers love using this trope with Axis Powers Hetalia fics. Unlike with canon, they sometimes like to use it for Darker and Edgier examples, along with having it be Played for Laughs. Fic also often uses dissonance between the views of the nations and those of normal humans.
- Anthropology: Lyra is obsessed with humanity, and adopts some of their habits, like her sitting and wearing clothes, but most ponies are shown to be confused by these things. Later on in the story, she learns of humanity's history of violence and conflict, and their consumption of meat (the latter she found out about by having eaten a Big Mac), and while horrified, she still admires their history of innovation. Lyra's human friend Audrey is shocked to learn that Lyra has been on her own since she was 12, while she is still a minor at 16, and is shocked by some of her habits like eating plants. Most of her human friends are pretty nonchalant about human conflict. This trope abounds as Lyra struggles to adapt to the human world.
- In What Hath Joined Together, most ponies who espouse "the Order" due so to justify their jerkass behavior, but Twilight Sparkle's support comes due to her sheltered upbringing and lack of experience where ponies truly suffer from it. When she encounters somepony willing to die to marry someone outside his social class, it makes her more sympathetic as she struggles to understand why someone would defy the Order for something so unacceptable.
- This is at the core of Jus Primae Noctis. Saito goes into culture shock a few times at what Halgenkians consider acceptable or unacceptable behavior, and the title speaks for itself.
- "Aen'rhien Vailiuri": Morgan t'Thavrau is Romulan, not human, and doesn't see anything wrong with killing an unarmed Kazon prisoner in anger. Legally she was within her rights (the Federation is apparently about the only major star nation that doesn't execute people for piracy), and the Kazon had just impugned her right to command the ship. Her human operations officer Jaleh Khoroushi disagrees. Vehemently. (So does the author, citing the trope in the author's notes.)
- The My Little Pony: Friendship Is Magic and Castlevania crossover fanfic, Equestrylvania, uses this to highlight the differences in attitudes between Aeon's human allies, since they have been gathered from multiple periods through the timestream. Given that she hails from the 1930s, Charlotte Aulin sees no problem with using terms like "Negro tribes" or "colored people" with complete sincerity when referring to what she has been told of Equestria's zebras. Soma, who hails from the 2000s, isn't sure what unnerves him more; the fact she actually uses words he regards as highly racially insensitive, or the complete innocence with which she does so.
- Sonic X: Dark Chaos:
- In the Angel Federation the Angels, Jews, and Muslims are all futuristic spacefaring nations — with the moral values of the early Catholic Church, Old Testament-era Mesopotamia, and eighth-century Arabia respectively. This trope also makes them the "grey" of the story's Black and Grey Morality; this trope leads to them casually committing horrible acts like genocide, racism, LGBT persecution, and rape based on their religious beliefs.
- The Marmolims have no qualms about directly worshiping Satan - their religion strongly parallels Christianity, except revolving around Maledict rather than Jesus. According to Momo, this is because Maledict gave them their planet long ago as a reward for their service to him.
- In Fullmetal Alchemist fanfic Son of the Desert:
- In Ishvalan culture, no one uses someone's name without their permission and its considered a sign of friendliness or intimacy to be given someone's name. A batsheva, a seventh daughter of a seventh daughter is special in that everyone is allowed to call her by name, something she doesn't appreciate as it makes her like she doesn't belong to herself alone.
- Trisha considers Hohenheim to be nameless considering the circumstance he got his name.
- No one bats an eye when Edward fights a bear for spectacle and to feed his guests.
- In the Last Train side story for The Conversion Bureau: The Other Side of the Spectrum, British-born Tess Jones is shown to be uncomfortable with the idea of handling guns compared to her American and Canadian companions despite the Conversion War having gone on for three very long and trying years by this point.
Films — Animation
- Mulan is just full of sexist songs like "A Girl Worth Fighting For" and "Honour to Us All", which fit in with how casually patriarchal ancient China was. They also include some odd ancient Chinese fetishes, like when one of the men mentions he wants a girl "paler than the moon." Also, when they're not going on about what women should be like, they're going on about how important it is to "Be a man!" in the "I'll Make a Man Out of You" song.
- The Prince of Egypt:
- Played up with the moral ambiguity of the plagues. In Biblical times, God killing the firstborn sons of your enemies was clearly a good thing. With a more modern eye and attention to characterization, it becomes a gut-wrenching event for both Moses and Ramses.
- The film makes Moses's adopted father go from being a stern but loving dad to being pretty creepy just by reminding us how he (and most of the Egyptians) saw the Israelites: "Oh my son, they were only slaves." This follows into Ramses's opinion on the Israelites, who views them the same way as every other member of his family.
- Several facts from the religious texts the story originated from were changed/omitted for the movie to make the protagonists more sympathetic to a modern audience (e.g. in the movie, Moses killing a slavemaster is accidental, according to the religious texts Moses did it deliberately).
- In the prequel Joseph: King of Dreams, Joseph knowing how to read and write is clearly shown as being an unusual but incredibly helpful skill he has. The movie also shows in pretty disturbing detail Joseph's being sold into slavery, with him at one point seeing how scarred the back of another slave is from being whipped.
- Hinted at in The Princess and the Frog. While a lot of Tiana's hardships come from her being poor, there are a good many implications that she also has to fight against prejudices against her being a woman and black. One of the most noticeable is when the owners of a mill she wanted to buy casually dismiss how upset she is at being outbid, telling her "A woman of your... background, you're better off staying where you're at". While the exact meaning of the sentence is ambiguous enough that it could be interpreted a few ways, her reaction would tell anyone who knows about black rights at that time period what they were implying.
- In Aladdin, Princess Jasmine sneaks out and inadvertently gives away a fruit to a beggar child. Lacking money, the vendor would have chopped off her hand for stealing, had Aladdin not rescued her. This was Truth in Television for many Islamic societies.
- In addition to the bullfighting example in The Book of Life, there's also the subtle disdain that some have about Maria's interest in books and her "unwomanly" attitudes.
- Many of the Disney Princess characters are teenagers (with Snow White being the youngest at fourteen). During the times the stories were set it was more acceptable to marry young. Most post-2000s princesses are at least eighteen if they get married though.
Films — Live-Action
- The Shop on Main Street is a Slovak film set in 1942, dealing with the deportation of the Jews from Slovakia (to their deaths in Nazi concentration camps). Except for one person who is connected to the Slovak resistance, none of the Christians in the town have any problem with the Jews being stripped of their property and sent away. The protagonist's wife is overjoyed when she finds out that he will be receiving a confiscated Jewish shop.
- Cult Classic horror film The Wicker Man relies heavily on this, first for humor, as the protagonist's staunch Christianity means he is horrified and baffled by the staunch Paganism of the village inhabitants and what this leads them to do — who are equally horrified and baffled by his religious beliefs and behaviors — and then for horror, when the Paganistic beliefs incite the villages to capture the protagonist and burn him to death in a wicker man as a Human Sacrifice so that their crops will grow.
- Back to the Future:
- In the first film, Marty realizes that the black busboy he is talking to in 1955 is the mayor in 1985. When he says this, the café owner scoffs "A colored mayor! That'll be the day!" (It's worth noting that the café owner is rude toward everyone, so maybe that's just part of his personality. Also he could have been waxing cynical about the other townspeoples' racism rather than expressing any of his own.) Oddly enough, this is a case of Reality Is Unrealistic, since the first black mayor in California was Edward Duplex, in 1888 (three years after the setting in Part III), in the majority-white town of Wheatland. Most likely either the writers or the character (and maybe the rest of the townspeople, for that matter) were unaware of this precedent.
- Back to the Future Part III gets in on it as well, with the racist drunkards in the bar mocking Marty's clothes, asking if he got them off a "dead chinese".
- Master and Commander:
- The ship's first officer asking permission to bring live Galapagos tortoises on board as food stock. Of course, lots of people still eat tortoises and turtles, but no one in modern times thinks of Galapagos tortoises as food courses.
- Also, prepubescent boys acting as officers, commanding men at least thrice their age by the simple benefit of coming from the upper class.
- In the Pirates of the Caribbean series, Anamaria's gender makes Gibbs wary of bringing her on the ship because of the belief that women bring bad luck, but eventually relents. It's historically accurate that sailors were wary of having women on board, and there were a few notable female pirates during the Golden Age of Piracy, including Anne Bonny and Mary Read. The fact that no one even considers it worth mentioning that she's black is also accurate, since pirates loved stealing slave vessels (they had a lot of room), but had no interest in the slaves on them. They would either release said slaves, or give them a chance to join the crew.
- In Blazing Saddles, Mel Brooks' deconstruction of the Western, all of the "good" townsfolk of Rock Ridge display violent racism toward blacks, Chinese and the Irish. In one scene especially the Irish. The process of gaining their trust is a fairly major plot point.
- The original, non-musical version of Hairspray is both an affectionate tribute to the relatively underground dance culture of the early 1960's, but also takes some pretty ruthless jabs at the mainstream culture of the time. White housewives become shrieking wrecks at the moment they arrive in the black part of town, a therapist tries to hypnotize Penny out of liking Seaweed, and the heroes themselves become terrified when they accidentally stumble into a den of Beatniks ("let's get naked and smoke!"). The segregationists mostly act out of fear, paranoia, and vanity rather than any profound hatred, while another scene shows a white woman throwing fireworks into a crowd of peaceful protesters and starting a race riot just For the Evulz. Even Edna Turnblad is nervous about her daughter hanging out with "color people". And it still manages to be very upbeat.
- Love and Honor is ripe with this, but the kicker is when the (truly lovable) hero throws his (also very sweet) wife out the house for being raped. She comments in all earnestness: "At least he was kind enough not to cut off my head." Though later they reconcile, he never apologizes for it.
- Timeline, despite its poor reception, has one of the most accurate depictions of medieval values in modern fiction, moreso in the book.
- It's rather well summed up in the scene where the main party is escaping and the Scotsman (though Dutch in the novel), standing a few feet from the guard, with an arrow pointed at his chest says something to the effect of "Stay quiet if you value your life." The guard picks up his sword and yells "Traitors!" running at him. Before promptly being shot in the chest.
- Lord de Vannes's casual murder of François after forcing him to say "I am a spy" is seen as nothing more than a mild diversion for the English. After all, they're at war with the French, so anything is allowed, right?
- Help!: It may seem disconcerting to see The Beatles (especially Lennon, although it's very obvious from his facial expression and tone of voice that he is mocking such attitudes) referring to "filthy Eastern ways" regarding their cultist pursuers, but all the deliberately stilted dialog in the movie is meant to invoke old movie and adventure novel cliches.
- A throwaway line in Prince of Persia: The Sands of Time mentions the Crown Prince having several wives.
- Ip Man doesn't shy from depicting Japanese brutality towards Chinese or Western racism.
- 60s-era Memetic Sex God Austin Powers finds himself being outcast and dismissed as Camp Gay in the rugged 1990s.
- In the 2012 movie version of 21 Jump Street, undercover cop Jenko finds out the hard way that, in the age of Glee, environmentalism and the more pro-tolerance atmosphere of the Obama administration, his rather politically-incorrect alpha-male jock routine puts him a lot lower on the high school Popularity Food Chain than it did at The '90s and Turn of the Millennium (he graduated in 2005). Instead, it's Schmidt, the idealistic former high school nerd, whose personality and lifestyle are more in line with what's considered cool in The New Tens.
- The townspeople in Federico Fellini's Amarcord are a barely literate, comically inept, short-tempered, base lot with few redeeming features between them. About half-way through the movie, the mayor of the town proudly declares every citizen a committed Fascist.
- In Django Unchained, this is pretty frequent. For example, Calvin Candie pulls out the old Phrenology justification for why whites are superior.
- Dragon: The Bruce Lee Story contains a scene where Bruce and his white girlfriend watch the film Breakfast at Tiffany's. The girlfriend clearly loves the movie, until she sees Bruce is appalled at the racist humor and use of Yellowface.
- The 1987 Dragnet film contrasts the Detective Friday character, who is a throwback to The Fifties, with his more modern new partner played by Tom Hanks.
- Robin Hood: Prince of Thieves has the sadistic Sheriff of Nottingham appalled at the concept of forcing himself on Lady Marian before a proper marriage, which may be more this trope than an Even Evil Has Standards moment, since in 13th century England said act is not considered rape if occurring between a married couple. (Though if they weren't married the resulting child would have been illegitimate and it would been much harder to argue that he was in the line of succession.)
- In The Lone Ranger the treatment of American Indian peoples, including calling them savages, reflects the time period.
- Byzantium: The Brethren's entire attitude towards women not being allowed to join their ranks, regardless of their merit. Clara's denied entry just over two centuries ago, which in of itself was hardly a time for enlightened views on women in general. But then you realize the Brethen are strongly implied to be much, much older than that and time clearly hasn't shaken the trappings of countless centuries of sexism by the time Clara wants to join. The fact her low birth is also a strike against her falls squarely into this trope too.
- Anchorman: The Legend of Ron Burgundy gets away with a ton of sexist jokes that it probably wouldn't if it weren't set in the seventies.
- X-Men: First Class: "This, gentlemen, is why the CIA is no place for a woman!"
- In Lincoln the villains of the movie are the racist congressmen who oppose the 13th amendment. But even the moderate politicians hold views that are pretty sexist and racist by our standards. George Yeaman opposes the amendment because he fears it would mean giving votes to blacks and, god forbid, women. He does change his mind in a big way, though. Thaddeus Stevens has to hide his belief in racial equality so this fear doesn't kill the Amendment.
- True Grit is a western that takes place in the 1880s. The 2010 remake use a lot of this trope.
- Played to a cringe-inducing and/or hilarious degree in a minor scene early on: when two White men and an American Indian are being hanged, both White men are allowed a Final Speech but the second the third guy opens his mouth he gets the hood shoved over his head and the platform is immediately released when he starts singing his death song.
- Rooster waxing nostalgic about the American buffalo — which he helped hunt into near extinction.
Rooster: Damn shame. I would give three dollars right now for a pickled buffalo tongue.
- Mattie is a fourteen year old girl and LaBoeuf is a a grown man. LaBoeuf explicitly shows attraction to Mattie, though she's uncomfortable with it.
- Played with when Rooster frees and chases off a mule that two American Indian children were goading outside a trading post, then proceeds to repeatedly and literally kick them off of the porch to the ground. This has presumably more to do with their treatment of the mule than with their ethnic background, however.
- Zig-zagged in Monty Python and the Holy Grail. Hygiene is ignored and witchcraft is believed to exist but some characters criticize autocratic monarchy.
- Space Cop: Ted Cooper is from the 1940s and unfrozen in the present day, so he often blithely expresses anachronistic values, saying things like, "Say, 'Ohn,' that's a chink name, isn't it?" and "I know women who are smarter than you!"
- The Lord of the Rings movies are based on a book trilogy written by someone who lived in a time when women's lib was just getting off the ground and it shows in scenes like Eomer telling his sister Eowyn that "war is the province of men". The movies also defend the divine right of kings, particularly if they are from a specific dynasty. It does however show that kings from such a dynasty are not as noble as they are expected to be.
- Frank Herbert's Dune novels:
- None of the characters bat an eyelash at practices such as slavery, concubinage, gladiatorial games, arranged marriage, or forced marriage.
- Fremen customs allow men to settle disputes with duels to the death, after which the victor inherits the wives and children of his dead opponent.
- Fremen customs also condon underage marriage. In Dune Messiah, Stilgar urges Paul to marry off Alia so that she will have a legitimate outlet for her budding sexuality. Alia is in her early teens at the time.
- The Bene Geserit test the willpower of would-be initiates through the Gom Jabbar ordeal. None of them see anything morally wrong with torturing and killing children this way.
- Is all over the place in Trail of Glory by Eric Flint. Slavery and attitude towards race is front and center. Then add in the views on women, individual lives, religion...
- In The Roman Mysteries all the characters freak out over free Romans being kidnapped and enslaved, but most of them give little thought to the enslavement of non-Romans or those born to slavery. Also, no one has a problem with 13- or 14-year-old girls getting married to men in their 20s or 30s.
- In the 1632 series, the vastly different values between people from 2000 America and 1632 Europe cause no end of confusion, hilarity and conflict between people from the time periods.
- The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn was written several decades after the civil war. Many modern audiences fail to realize that Mark Twain meant to invoke this trope to show just how bad the South was.
- Common in David Wingrove's Chung Kuo series, taking place in a future ruled by the Han (Chinese) with much more acceptance of casual cruelty. Holding up a frozen human head to your business associates to reminisce? They will only be bothered that you are stalling the meeting.
- The Nigerian writer Chinua Achebe (most famous for Things Fall Apart) writes historical novels about the Igbo people, and doesn't fail to include disturbing cultural practices like abandoning newborn twins in the forest to die, a certain caste being forbidden to live with the rest of the people or one protagonist killing his adopted son due to an inscrutable oracular order. The point is that while many aspects of Igbo culture were good and their loss a tragedy, the novels also make it clear why so many Igbo were willing to trade them in for the colonial Anglo-Christian culture, which is also portrayed as neither wholly good nor bad.
- Fried Green Tomatoes at the Whistle Stop Cafe has majority of the characters refer to black people as niggers over and over, with nobody batting an eye. These days, people would be horrified at how rude mentioning that word would be, even in the south. Most of the story takes place in the 1930s, where it was quite common to refer to black people like that, even with people who were friends with them.
- The Conqueror books present killing and stealing from neighbouring clans and raping girls from allied clans as positive and heroic. Granted, life in the steppes was tough, but wow.
- Inheritance Cycle:
- The punishment of Sloan drew from this. When Eragon wonders whether he was justified in his punishment, the kings who have a concept of divine right to rule reply that he has the authority to punish people without sentencing them to death.
- Nasuada, being female, has to go to great lengths to prove herself capable of leading the Varden.
- In the Judge Dee stories the hero has people beaten and tortured to give information. In Imperial China there could be no conviction without a confession, regardless of evidence, and torture was often used after evidence was gathered to gain that conviction. At least theoretically, everybody involved in a prosecution would be severely punished at BEST if it was later proven that a conviction was erroneous, and it's often a plot point — even the superhuman Judge Dee hesitates to act until he is absolutely certain, both for his sense of justice and for preserving his hide. And in mirroring the original Dee stories and other Confucian literature, Taoists, Buddhists, and Tartars/"barbarians" are generally Always Chaotic Evil.
- Very much the case in the Flashman series: The hero makes Gene Hunt look like Mr. PC in comparison.
- Susanna Clarke's Jonathan Strange & Mr Norrell features such lovely aspects of Regency England as wildly different ages in marriage, casual racism, and class elitism, but also nicer aspects, such as a gentleman's code of honor. Faeries on the other hand are Ax-Crazy sociopaths who at times seem barely aware other people have differing opinions. Also note on the author's website, she wrote reviews of herself "written" by both Strange and Norrell, in which both come across as pretty sexist. Strange has never read the book and spends the review criticizing the author's looks and unladylike behavior. Norrel comes right out and states that women have no business writing books of this sort.
- In The Long Ships, slavery, rape and casual violence are seen as acceptable things to do. Considering the story was set in the Viking era...
- A Song of Ice and Fire and it's TV adaptation Game of Thrones has this in spades.
- Slavery, racism, sexism, prejudice against bastards and dwarves. A brutal massacre committed by a treacherous House causes them to be ostracized by everyone... not because of the massacre itself but because the massacred were their guests.
- Catelyn treats Ned's bastard Jon Snow quite coldly and doesn't understand why her husband treats Jon as kindly as his trueborn children. In the Westeros culture, most bastards are treated horribly, from being sent away, being treated as servants or being murdered as they pose a threat to the trueborn children. Ned treating Jon almost equally with the rest of his children is unheard of and others see it as rubbing the fact in front of the wife.
- The title story of Interpreter of Maladies has a married Indian-American tourist revealing to her Indian tour guide that one of her children was not her husband's. This highlights the cultural rift between the two: the tour guide is offended by this revelation and it changes his perception of her, while the tourist rebuffs the guide when he doesn't sympathize with her infidelity.
- In Terry Pratchett's Johnny Maxwell Trilogy, when the gang travels back in time to the Blitz, they are shocked to hear a nice old lady call the black Yo-less "Sambo", and cook up a story about him being an African prince.
- Racism is mostly replaced with Fantastic Racism (dwarfs and trolls), but some old-fashioned sexism is on display, despite female heroes being common. Equal Rites features the Disc's first female wizard (as opposed to witch) getting looked down upon by other wizards, who believe a female wizard is impossible. Curiously, Granny Weatherwax shares this belief, saying that "if men were witches they'd be wizards", because there are inherent psychological differences between the genders. Esk ends up proving this false, as she can effectively be both.
- Dwarfs typically don't advertise their genders (females are also bearded), and when one starts to do so it is treated as scandalous. Carrot, himself raised by dwarfs, also finds it a little disturbing, despite being a true Nice Guy. He also assumes that Angua was hired purely because she is a woman (she wasn't. It's because she's a werewolf).
- Speaking of Dwarfs, many humans express outrage at the Dwarf custom of buying oneself from one's parents before getting married. To Dwarfs, this is a sensible way of letting a couple start a life together unencumbered by the past, and makes it possible for the couple's families to give the bride and groom lavish gifts without anyone's honor being insulted. To humans it is an unacceptable way of involving money in something which should be a purely emotional affair.
- On the other hand, Snuff features a rather extreme case of Deliberate Values Dissonance within the series. Does eating babies make a race Always Chaotic Evil? Maybe not if you see it from their point of view.
- In Mary Renault's The King Must Die, there is mention of its hero, Theseus, taking sexual advantage of female servants/slaves starting from a young age, and this is completely appropriate behavior.
- Her book The Persian Boy was blasted by Moral Guardians because one of its main themes is pederasty. In the text the narrator clearly states that his treatment as a child was horribly abusive, and if anything The Persian Boy is a scathing, vicious denunciation of child sexual abuse. Most of the main action of the novel, where the narrator finds love and happiness, takes place after he reaches adulthood. The Moral Guardians were also a bit put-out by the main character finding "love and happiness" in a romance with another man, which may have been all well and good in Ancient Greece, but apparently not so much in 1972 America.
- In How Few Remain, an alternative history novel based on the premise of the South winning the American civil war, the word "nigger" is tossed around casually. This is also seen throughout the entirety of Harry Turtledove's Timeline-191 series, of which How Few Remain is the first installment.
- In The Guns of the South time-traveling Afrikaners are shown to be even more racist than the Confederates, treating black people incredibly harshly and calling them "kaffir", which is even worse than "nigger". The contrast is drawn that while the Afrikaners despise the entire black race, the Confederates merely view them as inferior, and believe that slavery is the only way in which the two races can have any kind of peaceful coexistence (even many abolitionists, including Lincoln initially, believed they could not live together and instead advocating sending black people to Liberia. They also usually still felt white people were superior—with some exceptions like Thaddeus Stevens).
- Back in the 1830's, during the Egyptian antique craze, it was common practice to publicly disassemble mummies and sell off the parts, before casually tossing what remained into the trash (which is frankly the least of the things they did with them). Christian Jacq presents this as normal in The Judgement of the Mummy, while this would make any modern scientist (including himself) cringe.
- The Reynard Cycle: The priestesses of Sphinx, the Lioness, are the greatest healers in the land, and highly respected. They're also prostitutes, some of whom are as young as fourteen. One of them is given to a King as a gift in Defender of the Crown, who is nine years old. It's implied that she'll become his personal mistress as soon as he hits puberty. His mother finds this a little odd, but quickly reflects that racking up some experience in bed might make his future Queen happy.
- Masters of Rome:
- Dead girl babies are thrown out the window, which may be historically inaccurate, as Tacitus wrote that infanticide, even of daughters, was a capital offense among the Germans.
- In one of the most emotionally fraught chapters, Livia Drusa's brother Drusus not only imprisons her inside their home her entire life, but he also forces her to marry his friend Servilius, a man she despises. Later Drusus has a change of heart when he realizes what a weasel Servilius is.
- Pompey telling his first wife that he has no intention of fathering a son with her, because he only married her for political reasons and she's not good enough to be the mother of his son and heir.
- Gaius Marius' negotiation with Gaius Julius Caesar (grandfather of Caesar the Dictator) to marry his daughter Julia (that is, whichever of two Julias he prefers). This is a straightforward business transaction: Marius is a rich, rising New Man who needs a wellborn wife for status. The Julii Caesares are an impoverished patrician clan and need money for their sons' political careers, and their daughters need rich husbands. At the end, Caesar asks Marius, "Oh, and it won't cause you any distress to divorce your current wife, will it?" Marius says, "Not at all!" And goes straight home and tells his wife (without any prior hints), "I am divorcing you." It's all right because he offers her a generous settlement. He also apologizes, not being entirely indifferent to the pain he's causing her.
- In Book of the New Sun, the hero Severian is a torturer and executioner, who even at one point delivers a two-page speech about why penal torture is the best punishment and preferable on all counts to prison/hard labour, exile, or indiscriminate death penalty. He apparently changes his mind later, as when he becomes Autarch, he announces his intention to abolish his former guild, but clearly intends executions to continue. And given that he has previously spoken against prisons and forced labour...
Severian: By our mercy we will grant even the foulest a quick death. Not because we pity them, but because it is intolerable that good men should spend a lifetime dispensing pain.
- This is the entire point of The Astonishing Life of Octavian Nothing, Traitor to the Nation.
- In Alan Dean Foster's Ice Rigger, after the stranded human heroes help their Tran friends essentially slaughter all the warriors belonging to a rampaging nomadic "Horde", the good guy natives send a team to the Horde's base camp to kill off the non-combatants, including their cubs, that were travelling with them. Skua, one of the humans, points out that the locals have been suffering from Horde attacks for years, but his friend Ethan calls him out on it.
- Watership Down:
- Adams openly states that they feel no guilt whatsoever about using force to compel weaker rabbits to yield to them. Which is probably Truth in Television for real rabbits, but needed to be pointed out for his Lapine-speaking, story-telling versions.
- The story also points out that the discussion of the currently all male burrow about their need to get more females may seem unusual to humans but was in keeping with rabbit mentality.
- James Ellroy:
- LA Quartet, set from 1947 to 1959, features even its more likable characters occasionally indulging in racial epithets, as well as similar attitudes to Jewish people.
- In The Black Dahlia Bucky is manipulated into killing two black men by his partner, who is trying to cover up a previous crime. He doesn't seem too bothered by it, as he's too busy obsessing over the eponymous Black Dahlia.
- In The Big Nowhere Upshaw is hounded into killing himself with the threat of revealing his homosexuality.
- Ellroy describes the themes of the Underworld USA trilogy thus:
The essential contention of the Underworld USA trilogy ... is that America was never innocent. Here's the lineage: America was founded on a bedrock of racism, slaughter of the indigenous people, slavery, religious lunacy... and nations are never innocent. Let alone nations as powerful as our beloved fatherland. What you have in The Cold Six Thousand'' — which covers the years '63 to '68 — is that last gasp of pre-public-accountability America where the anti-communist mandate justified virtually any action. And it wasn't Kennedy's death that engendered mass skepticism. It was the protracted horror of the Vietnamese war.
- Snow Flower and the Secret Fan is a historical fiction story set in 19th century China, and features the main female character making remarks about how she (and her daughters) are worthless to her family and going through foot-binding to improve their lives. The author has Shown Her Work by going to China and talking to real women who went through foot-binding, and the deliberate values dissonance is commonly viewed as the best part of this book. At least one book on the role of feet and shoes in sexuality, in its extensive discussion of foot-binding, reveals that, for many centuries, foot-binding was actively sought out by every single Chinese family that could afford the procedure because small, dainty feet were considered the foremost mark of beauty and sexual attractiveness in classical Chinese culture, so girls as young as 5 were sent through it at the risk of infection and even death. Foot-binding was universally viewed in classical Chinese culture as improving the shape of the foot to give it beauty and sexual allure. Class issues also enter into the question; bound feet were associated with wealth in general and the upper classes, and unbound feet were considered uncouth and a mark of a woman's peasant status, and several references are made in the book to how "big footed girls" are looked down upon and relegated to servant status. (The association comes from the fact that's it's physically difficult to do any sort of hard labor if your feet have been forcibly maimed by foot-binding. Thus, by foot-binding your daughter, you're displaying confidence that she'll never need to work. Only rich people could afford to be so confident.)
- Harry Harrison and Tom Shippey's alternate history trilogy The Hammer and the Cross is set in 9th century Europe. The values of the historical peoples of the time are accurately represented, including their attitude toward rape, enslavement, trial-by-combat, and the social status of women and conquered peoples.
- Ellis Peters' characters from the Brother Cadfael books adhere to medieval feudal values without losing her or the reader's sympathy. Especially Oliver's My Master, Right or Wrong attitude in a civil war doesn't one bit change the fact that she seems a little in love with him.
- At one point in the X-Wing Series there's a brief reference to an Imperial-made holofilm about daredevils who tightrope walk between Coruscant's giant skyscrapers, whose tragic ending is supposed to be An Aesop against nonconformism and rebellion, and is understood as such by the Imperial watching it.
- Fever 1793 uses this in a more humorous manner. The main character is supposedly foulmouthed, and everyone reacts in a horrified manner whenever she uses her favorite profane exclamation: "Dash it all!"
- Fevre Dream by George R.R. Martin takes places in the south around the time of the American Civil War. As a result, most characters are racist. Although protagonist Abner Marsh is presented as more enlightened (he disapproves of slavery, for instance) he still liberally uses the n-word.
- Alternate universe example: in Neil Gaiman's short story, "A Study in Emerald", the protagonists watch a historical play about Eldritch Abominations conquering the Earth to barely any resistance from humanity. And applaud the "happy ending" in which the only dissenter is beaten to death.
- Often used to good effect in the Aubrey-Maturin series. One excellent example is the characters' attitude toward naval discipline and punishment; Jack Aubrey is portrayed as having liberal opinions on the subject for the day, hating indiscriminate flogging (flogging being a standard punishment at the time for offenses not reaching a court-martial level of seriousness) and doing what he can to lessen the severity of punishments issued by court-martials that he sits on. Nonetheless, he will order a set of lashes to be laid on if he deems the reason good and sufficient, e.g., for deliberate insolence toward a superior officer in The Far Side of the World or for shocking incompetence in executing a basic nautical maneuver in The Truelove.
- Jack is also, in the early parts of the series, casually anti-Irish, anti-Catholic (Too many Irish in the starboard battery. Can't walk around down here without tripping on a rosary...) and slightly pro-slavery (more because he is afraid of the effects of abolition on the economy financing the war against Napoleon than anything else; he has nothing personal against people of color, and even makes a black man a bo'sun at one point.) Being friends with half-Irish Catholic Stephen Maturin helps him with the first two (though he occasionally relapses) and the third is effectively cured when he captures a slave ship.
- There is also a mention that both Stephen Maturin and another character have innate cruel streaks as a result of their Spanish heritage.
- There's an amusing moment in the first book where Laurence reacts with shock and horror at the revelation that Captain Roland's daughter is "natural born", i.e. the product of premarital sex.
- Laurence is a bleeding heart liberal in many ways (chief of which is being a staunch abolitionist), but sexuality seemed to be his limit. This is made abundantly clear when Granby confesses that he's "an invert" (gay). Laurence has a hard time reconciling the man he knows Granby to be with what he "knows" "those deviants" are and realizes that, were he still a Navy man, he'd have had Granby flogged and imprisoned for such a thing, without a second thought.
- Slavery is one thing Laurence clashes with Horatio Nelson on. Nelson is staunchly pro-slavery, but is so on purely economic grounds, i.e. he believes that abolition might have a deleterious effect on tax revenue, and, by extension, the funding the armed forces desperately need for the war against Napoleon. He doesn't really oppose the idea of abolition, but definitely thinks that wartime is not the right time for social experiments.
- Most characters outside of the British Aerial Corps don't like the idea of woman joining the military. Existence of female aviators is kept secret from the general public to avoid a scandal.
- In Tongues of Serpents, Laurence believes that Emily should be given a chaperon and thinks her contacts with boys her age to be inappropriate. Other aviators laugh this idea off as ridiculous. In their eyes the worst that can happen is Emily getting pregnant — which would be expected of her anyway in order to produce a next captain for Excidium.
- Second Apocalypse takes this and runs with it, being set in a world blending Biblical and Dark Ages culture, albeit with magic and Eldritch Abominations. Women are considered less than men, peasants are less than nobles, prostitutes should be stoned, heretics are the enemy and homosexuals are the lowest of the low.
- Seen somewhat in the Belisarius Series. Although many of the characters have somewhat more tolerant views than were common at the time, they're rather nonchalant about the existence of slavery. Ousanos also makes a comment about it being too bad that democracy, as the classic Greeks demonstrated, never works.
- Joseph Conrad's novel Under Western Eyes is set in (and written during) Russia around the time of the pogroms. There's one scene where the protagonist, who is a fairly good guy, is angered by someone and mutters to himself to the effect that the person was a "dirty Jew". The British First-Person Peripheral Narrator makes a comment about how the offender wasn't Jewish and the protagonist knew that, but Russians were such extreme anti-Semites that this kind of expression was the norm.
- Lamb: The Gospel According to Biff, Christ's Childhood Pal features a more or less authentic representation of first century life in the region that Jesus would have grown up in. Slavery is referenced regularly, it's made clear that Mary Magdalene could be stoned to death for leaving her husband, and thirteen-year-olds having sex is normal.
- For Ken Follett's novel Fall of Giants, which is dealing with the changes in society during the time of World War I, this trope is inevitable. The most obvious example among the main protagonists would be Earl Fitzherbert, an English aristocrat who is against the very principle of women's suffrage, and (although even he disapproves of the brutal way the Russian nobility treats its subjects) also against the emancipation of the lower classes.
- Used deliberately in Orson Scott Card's Enchantment. The modern-day hero finds himself in medieval Russia and unable to understand the cultural norms. No one blinks when he finds himself naked in public, but they are scandalized when he tries to used a woman's cloak to cover himself. His reluctance to enter an arranged marriage is the highest sort of insult, and when he does get married, his wife is perplexed at his reluctance to consummate it, since her body is now his property.
- Eliezer Yudkowsky's Three Worlds Collide, set in the twenty-fifth century, tells of humanity's first contact with two alien species, both of which possess ethical systems that seem utterly insane both to each other and to the present. 25th century Humans think that rape is an enjoyable activity for both parties. The Super Happies think that anyone who doesn't abolish all pain and spend all their time having sex must be mentally deficient, and should be forcibly placed under the stewardship of a more advanced species. And The Baby Eaters... well, just look at their name.
- In The Left Hand of Darkness, on the planet Gethen, there is no gender, there has never been a great war, and rape is nonexistent, though there is a kind of one-sided seduction that the other side might be unhappy about. As well, incest is not a crime (at least not the first time around). Theft, however, is regarded as a serious crime - Gethen is in an Ice Age, and if you steal someone's food, you could be damning them to a death by starvation. The only crime which is worse than theft is suicide, because a person committing it gives up all chance at repenting. It's In-Universe because there is a citizen of Earth observing the Gethenians.
- The eponymous Tuareg protagonist from the book by Alberto Vazquez-Figueroa has a fifteen-year-old wife who's the mother of his son. And he isn't very fond of people suggesting that all humans (men and women, free men and slaves, Tuareg and others, smart and dumb ones, rich and poor ones, and so on) are equal. When another guy calls him a fascist for this, he just states, then he has to be a fascist (to his excuse, he doesn't know about fascism). Ironically, he saves the life of the socialist ex-president also thanks to Values Dissonance - the man was his guest, and he'll do anything for hospitality.
- Turns up often in the Dragaera novels, to highlight both the callous attitudes of Jhereg gangsters and the alienness of Dragaeran society. Used ironically at times, as when the business Vlad sets up to conceal his office and illegal (untaxed) gambling den is a legal narcotics dealer.
- In Kylie Chan's Hell to Heaven (the second book in the Journey to Wudang series), a boy drugs and attempts to rape Simone. Simone, the daughter of Xuan Wu, uses her powers to kill him on impulse, and is convinced she is guilty of murder, or at least manslaughter. The Jade Emperor calls her to the Celestial Plane over the incident, where he commends her for her actions - in his eyes, she was protecting her virtue, and exercising her right as a princess to pass judgment on a criminal. This just makes Simone feel even worse about the act.
- The Full Matilda by David Haynes, with the eponymous Matilda's family being African-American servants to a white senator in Washington, D.C. during The Roaring Twenties. This is discussed when Matilda talks about how later on many people quit having live in servants and started hiring day maids and limo services (as opposed to having a driver and a live-in maid). The Reveal in the book is that Matilda at the age of 16 slept with the senator (who had been showing an... interest in her since she was 13) she and her family worked for in order to secure her father a house of his own, and nobody else knew but her and the senator. That scenario could probably happen now, but eventually it would come out and the senator would probably be arrested, whereas back then nobody would care because she was just a poor black girl. Truth in Television, of course.
- Done by Ephraim Kishon with Saadya Shabatai, the Yemenite Jew. As Kishon wrote, "they are about 2000 years behind western civilization". Used in one story where a guy wants to marry Saadya's daughter, but the father demands a high bride price (i.e. essentially selling his daughter). The funny thing is, although exploiting the rule to make money is frowned upon, this is a more or less Biblically-mandated Jewish tradition, albeit one with a more-or-less universally used loophole.note
- Happens a little in The Lovely Bones, about a girl named Susie who is raped and murdered by a neighbor. In the book, which takes place in The '70s, people weren't as suspicious about strangers, but now a kid would probably know not to go into the house of a male neighbor. In fact, people would probably be very suspicious of their single male neighbor who likes to sit in his car and stare at girls.
- In Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the Sea, Great White Hunter Ned Land asks Captain Nemo's permission to hunt some whales. Nemo denies it and he accuses Ned of being an Egomaniac Hunter. Next they see some cachalots and Nemo destroys them using the Nautilus's spur. When Ned accuses Nemo of being The Butcher, Nemo answers that the cachalots are mischievous creatures and the Nautilus is his weapon. Verne shows us that no matter how mistaken the philosophy of a Great White Hunter is, they will never do the damage that the Ubermensch can do using science.
- Letters Back to Ancient China has Kao-tai, a time-travelling mandarin from 1000 years ago, who doesn't understand why he shouldn't have an affair with two women at the same time, as long as he can satisfy them both. Also, when he compliments one of them on her breasts, she is miffed. And he misses cooked dog. And so on.
- The Eleventh Year Rite (aka female circumcision) is this both in and out of canon in Who Fears Death: Onyesonwu's mother is horrified when she discovers what her daughter has done (the practice having been banned in her home village), for instance, whereas it's common practice in Jwahir. Indeed, Onyesonwu subjected herself to it in order to fit in, and by doing so she gains a set of True Companions in Binta, Diti and Luyu.
- Used to great (and disturbing) effect in Orhan Pamuk's My Name Is Red. For instance, nearly all the male characters express their love for "handsome boys", including the elderly Master Osman, who casually mentions regularly sleeping with his Bishōnen students.
- Joanne Bertin's The Last Dragonlord has a nearly immortal weredragon having an affair with a human noblewoman, then seeing a commonborn sailor who is another weredragon, though unaware of it yet, on the side. The noble finds out and whips the sailor across the face, nearly blinding her; the weredragon is furious when he finds out, but local law doesn't condemn nobles who injure or even cripple commoners. In fact the weredragon is aware that if he's seen to be too angry about it people will wonder why. This is despite the fact that weredragons are explicitly from every class of people, most of them born as very common humans, and that same angry weredragon states his belief that the reason why so many of his kind are born common is so that they'll be more considerate of the commonfolk than noble pride. The only reason he and the other weredragons are so upset about it is because the sailor is a weredragon, which is considered a class above nobility - the angry weredragon talks the talk about consideration for all people, but he's very much in line with the culture.
- In Donald Kingsbury's Courtship Rite, this is almost the entire point of the book. Cannibalism is accepted and normal, bound with ritual, and the heretic who argues against it comes off as a bit crazy. Without cannibalism, there would be no people on Geta, or at best, only a desperate handful.
- This trope is a strong element in A Brother's Price. It's a Romance Novel set during an age of rifles, steamboats, and horses, and so few men are born that gender roles are largely reversed. The often horrifying implications are spelled out but regarded dispassionately - Princess Ren, who's consulting holy books, concludes that the values they espouse don't include treating men like property, but that doesn't mean they're as hardy, ambitious, and constructive as women. Family structures in this world are also different, so if a sister commits treason and there isn't reasonable evidence that she acted alone, the entire family is executed down to the infants. This is regarded as unpleasant and sad, but practical for preventing You Killed My Mothers and cycles of revenge.
- In Octavia Butler's sci-fi/historical fiction novel Kindred, the first sign that Dana has traveled through time as well as through space is Rufus' casual use of the N-word and his innocent confusion when Dana gets offended by it.
- The books that begin The General series have the good guy characters accepting slavery as a simple part of life and don't fuss over it (except if the threat is that it happens to them.) Similarly, Raj Whitehall over time gained a reputation as a strict commander who did not allow men to run wild when they defeated an enemy...raping women in the field was only allowed when it didn't cause operational problems, and the mass rapes which followed the conquest of an enemy town or city were organized so that they would be over within a day and then the troops could get back to soldiering.
- In C. S. Lewis' That Hideous Strength, when Merlin shows up in 20th century England, the heroes (except Ransom) are shocked by his attitudes and behavior. For starters, he treats Ransom's company as if they were servants, is surprised to find out that there are no slaves to help him bathe and dress, and suggests beheading Jane because she used contraception and hence failed to bear a prophesied child. (On the positive side, he claims to give a third of his income to the poor, which is far more charity than most moderns show.)
- Omnipresent in Till We Have Faces, also by C. S. Lewis. The main character is queen of a barbarian kingdom just within the influence of ancient Greek civilisation, and, though rational and merciful compared to many around her, has cultural attitudes appropriate to her society. Subverted when various strange events cause her, among more dramatic changes, to come to see that being as rational and civilised as her beloved Greek mentor is not enough.
- This makes up quite a lot of The Year Of The Boar And Jackie Robinson, since the story's about a Chinese girl who moves to America with her parents at a time when Jackie Robinson was at the height of his career. When she first arrives, she begins mentally comparing live in America to life in China.
- Used and partially crossed over with Fair for Its Day in Mary Grant Bruce's stories about the fictional Australian cattle-station (USA: ranch), Billabong (The Billabong Books). All of the characters, including the main ones, view the Australian Aboriginals as inferior and having child-like minds. Also, the Chinese occasionally depicted in the books are viewed by most of the characters as degenerate and reprehensible tramps by default. The Billabong family, the Lintons, are very progressive in that they are willing to accept some Chinese as being decent and respectable (most notably, their Chinese kitchen gardener, Lee Wing). The last story in the series is notable for putting forth the progressive (for when it was written) view that Australia once belonged to the Aborigines and they deserve some respect.
- Malazan Book of the Fallen:
- Karsa Orlong is deliberately written as a Deconstruction of the "barbarian fantasy". This entails a great amount of esoteric morals that almost one and all clash with "current" Western culture. Killing those weaker than you is seen as a good thing by the Teblor, Karsa's people, and rape is used as a social reward. This is particularly prevalent in the first quarter of House of Chains, which depicts Karsa's origins.
- Less specifically, the authors of the 'verse—who are anthropologists—go to great lengths to ensure that all peoples are depicted neutrally and non-judgementally. This often causes some sort of dissonance to crop up.
- Never Wipe Tears Without Gloves with its depiction of the treatment of gay men in the 80s versus in 2012.
- Quite common in the Tortall Universe, though just as often there are characters that disagree with the current social norms and want to change them. One of the most obvious cases is when a character from an England analogue visits Carthak, a country that's very much inspired Ottoman empire. The prince Kaddar is over all a Nice Guy...except he sees nothing at all wrong with slavery, and genuinely believes that the poor are too stupid to manage themselves in anyway. He genuinely doesn't understand why these views upset the protagonist. Even when Carthak and the Copper Isles get Reasonable Authority Figure rulers, Word of God says that they don't intend to dismantle slavery. There's also the fact of teenage marriage and childrearing, children learning how to fight and kill from age ten and up, and much emphasis on the very brutal methods of medieval legal punishment (such as boiling in oil and being drawn and quartered) and torture, just in case you thought it was a cool time to live. Mercifully, magic spares us from having to read about medieval European medicine.
- Discussed in The Girl Who Circumnavigated Fairyland in a Ship of Her Own Making. Saturday explains the strange way ocean djinn such as himself get married and have children (they see their future children wandering around and begin looking for would-be spouses that share physical features with that child). September thinks that it sounds like a very confusing way to go about things, but Saturday assures her that it makes perfect sense for his kind.
- When Alex comes out of the closet in Heart In Hand, Canadian and American reactions are mixed, but positive overall. The Ice Hockey Federation of Russia, on the other hand, threatens to ban him from ever playing in or for Russia. Darryl, the main character, reflects on (and feels somewhat guilty about) how he would never have to face the same ordeal just because he is Canadian.
- Subverted in Perdido Street Station: Isaac immediately assumes that Yagharek's crime of "choice theft" is some inscrutable offense based on Blue and Orange Morality. For this reason he's willing to help Yagharek counteract his punishment. It turns out that Yagharek's crime is what humans would simply call rape, albeit viewed in a slightly different light from how a not insignificant number of readers might, and so he revokes his help.
- Horatio Hornblower, being about England in the early 1800s, is chock-a-block full of racism, sexism, classism, and other words ending in -ism. Catholic emancipation is noted in one book as being quite recent. Horatio orders his crew to press only white men in one book a few pages away from using the n-word, but he's kind of progressive by expressing antislavery views in Lieutenant. And, naturally, everyone hates the French.
- The Dispossessed, features the double planet system of Urras and Anarres, which have very different cultures. The women of Urras are shocked that the women of Anarres "don't shave". This refers not to legs-and-armpits but rather to heads.
- Used heavily in the Hexslinger series, set in the Wild West with all its bigotry and casual violence and fearuring an awful lot of Aztec mythology in all its bloody glory. It doesn't help that it's a very Black and Grey Morality series, either. For the most part, the more sympathetic a character is the less racist/sexist/gay-bashing they tend to be, but this is definitely not a hard and fast rule.
- The Vorkosigan Saga mixes a lot of this with Culture Clash. Barrayar heads a neo-feudalist interstellar empire which everyone else considers something between quaintly backwards to dangerously barbaric. They're also incredibly sexist, vicious to homosexuals and disabled people, and militaristic; infanticide is still practiced in the back country because of the risk of mutation from the half-terraformed Barrayaran biosphere. Some within Barrayar are trying to pull the empire up to more progressive, modern standards, but it's still slow going. Beta Colony, meanwhile, shares a lot of values with modern Western culture (democracy, social safety nets, intellectualism, multiculturalism) until you hit on their sexual mores - they're a Free-Love Future that defines sexuality as current practice rather than an orientation, carefully controls reproduction via implant (because of limited living space), and about the only rules are "informed consent, no permanent harm, don't cheat if you're exclusive." And exclusivity is not necessarily the order of the day. And they firmly believe in Heel–Face Brainwashing...
- The alien Tendu of The Color Of Distance expect anyone who can't recover from some sort of injury within a year, with the help of their powers, to "honorably" kill themselves. Suicide in general is seen as the inevitable end to anyone not unlucky enough to be killed by accidents or wildlife - adult Tendu don't age like humans do, and their populations are carefully self-limited. At various points in this book and the next they find out how differently humans do things and are appalled. They also spawn in great numbers, consume their own tadpoles, and both work their semi-intelligent older offspring like slaves and allow them to die left and right. The human observer reminds herself often that they aren't human, that she can't pass judgement.
- Neal Stephenson frequently explores Culture Clash and Values Dissonance in his works. Friends or allies from different cultures and sub-cultures sometimes have to pause and step back a moment to understand where their companions are coming from. This also serves as a moment for the reader to be informed on the differences in culture and outlook. Many an antagonist in his works is a thoroughly evil villain from the protagonist's perpective, but is "good" by his own code as a Well-Intentioned Extremist, Knight Templar, or an example of outright Blue and Orange Morality.
- The Ciaphas Cain series is a much Lighter and Softer depiction of Warhammer 40,000 than other media, but still presents The Imperium as, well, The Empire. In For the Emperor, Cain himself is repeatedly alienated and disturbed by the Tau and their human sympathizers, making comments about how he cannot see "xenos" as people, being horrified to hear a separatist tell him to go back to "[his] Emperor", and being cheerful of the prospect of the separatists getting pummeled by the loyalists. Cain also mentions "[organizing] the occasional firing squad" in the same breath as routine clerical work while describing his job at Brigade Headquarters. In the same book, Inquisitor Vail cheerfully reminisces of one of her favorite childhood songs... which is a disturbingly cheerful ditty about heretics being crushed under the tracks of a Land Raider. In Caves of Ice, she likewise quips fondly of her favorite children's book, which depicts people being gruesomely burned alive for being heretics (i.e. humans who don't follow the Imperium). Cain's Last Stand casually mentions vans with convicts heading to a military orphanage "for live ammo exercises".
- The Radchaai of Ancillary Justice consider their own empire to be synonymous with civilization and hold very little value for the lives of non-citizens. They therefore consider it perfectly acceptable to invade and annex neighboring countries to bring them civilization. In a more minor example, the Radchaai have a nudity taboo about not wearing gloves.
- Star Trek: Rihannsu: The Romulans aren't human, and their values can be quite different from human ones.
- They're based in part on the society of Ancient Rome, and like the Romans think nothing of conquest and slavery, and saving face is very important (a concept the Romans called gravitas).
- And then you get to the point where they lack the concept of doing anything for someone else's good — you do things for the good of your own honor. If you're competent about it, the action ought to benefit everybody's honor, but you're supposed to be thinking of your own. A spoilerriffic example from the first book: Ael t'Rllaillieu's adult son Tafv betrays her in order to capture the Enterprise and deliver it to the Romulan government to gain leverage so they'll lift the banishment and Unpersonhood of his cousin (the nameless Romulan commander from "The Enterprise Incident"), whom Ael tried to help but failed. After he's foiled, Ael kills him for betraying her. Even though he was already dying from his wounds, it's not a Mercy Kill.
- There's also a fair amount of casual racism by the Romulans directed at everyone else, including by the inhabitants of Romulus against their own kin on Remus. (This series predates Star Trek: Nemesis by almost twenty years; the idea of Remans being a different species hadn't been thought of yet.)
- Also, the Star Trek: Academy novels show Worf having trouble fitting in. His classmates were aghast that he wouldn't help his opponent up in sparring practice. Offering to help someone up is an insult, an implication of weakness in Klingon culture.
- Used sometimes in The Bible. For example, kings were highly respected in ancient Judea, but had an extremely bad reputation in ancient Rome. So when Jesus was arrested, there was some dispute between the Romans and the Judeans as to whether to call him "King of the Jews" (a huge insult according to the Romans, but a huge honorific according to the Judeans) or merely a man who claimed to be the King of the Jews (John 19:21). Pontius Pilate, the Roman magistrate responsible for making the decision, chose the former.
- The Realm Of Albion is set in Iron Age Britain. There's quibbling about the maltreatment of slaves, and about the way one character "cheats" in sacred combats, but the legitimacy of slavery and Human Sacrifice is never questioned. (Though the Celts themselves are shocked when they hear about Greek disparagement of women's intelligence.)
- To the citizens of The Capitol in The Hunger Games, sending twenty-four children between the ages 12 - 18 into an arena to fight to the death until only one survives is the epitome of entertainment and a rightful punishment for the districts' rebellion 75 years prior. In districts 1, 2 and 4 it's considered an honour to be a tribute and represent your district. All other districts look at the Games the same way modern day people would.
- Occurs quite a bit in James Fenimore Cooper's Leatherstocking Tales and other historical novels. This is most noticeable in the rather different set of values held by the white and Native American societies side by side and at the same time. In The Deerslayer Natty Bumppo tries to dissuade Tom Hutter and Harry March from raiding a Huron camp to cash in on the bounties offered by the governor for Huron scalps. For him taking the scalps of enemies is okay for Indians because it is part of their culture (or, in his terminology, part of the gifts of their nature), but it is entirely wrong for white Christians to do the same thing because it violates their values or "gifts".
- Played for Black Comedy in Pride and Prejudice and Zombies. Regency England is far more brutal than it was in real life, likely a result of the plague. Duels to the death are common, and servants are often savagely beaten.
- Star Wars Expanded Universe:
- Jedi see absolutely nothing wrong with their recruiters showing up and all but demanding parents hand over their Force Sensitive children, then cutting them off from all family ties after that. The one parent who did raise an objection (the Baby Lundi case) was blown off and treated as tabloid fodder. Their infant recruitment and isolation from most sectors of society may explain, partly, why few were sympathetic enough to help them after Order 66.
- Mandalorians don't want to fight for the strongest side, they want to test their strength against it, and the Mandos typically think the Jedi and Republic are the best there is, so they'll often be siding with the Sith. This is a Stealth Insult to the Sith and Empire, who either don't know or don't care that the Mandos consider them unworthy of fighting. The other factor in why Mandalorians and Jedi do not typically get along? Mandalorians are fanatically family-oriented, to the point where marrying and raising children in the culture is a sacred tenet (the worst thing you could call a Mando translates to "unfit parent"). Separating a child from their parents and culture (like the Jedi do with their infant recruits) is more horrifying to them than killing the kid outright.
- Even after Palpatine's defeat and the repeal of the worst Imperial speciesist laws by the New Republic, Human High Culture has still been internalized by many of the galaxy's humans (including even former members of the Rebel Alliance, who were primarily appalled at how Palpatine abused human rights), who are disgusted at having to live amongst and work with non-human sentients. (One otherwise liberal-minded member of an X-wing squadron is very touchy about his speciesism, and justifies not bunking with an alien squadmate by simply saying "He smells.") Of course, this being a huge galaxy (twice the diameter of our own Milky Way), there are plenty of exceptions and nuances. Han Solo, for one (among many others), uses anti-Hutt slurs even as he considers Wookiees to be his equals (though of course, considering his personal history and what happened to him with Jabba, he might believe he has N-Word Privileges and/or that Hutts are Asshole Victims). Then of course there are the Yevethans, who not only view all non-Yevethans (including humans) as inferior, but have a very brutal caste system among their own kind and see nothing wrong with a ranking individual picking a Yevethan commoner out of a crowd, slitting his throat, and drinking his blood; even more dissonant is the expectation that the commoners see these "blood-killings" as an honor.
- The Man in the High Castle by Philip K. Dick is set in an Alternate History where Nazi Germany and Imperial Japan won World War II and divided the world between them much like how the United States and the Soviet Union did in real life, with the result that dominant cultural attitudes are shifted dramatically. A good way in which this is shown is The Grasshopper Lies Heavy, an Alternate History book written within the attitudes of the Nazi-dominated world - the Allies win World War II in 1947 and the world is split between the United States and the British Empire - the USSR is a non-entity because, as harrowingly demonstrated in this universe, the Slavs are a bunch of inferior subhumans who could never amount to anything - and the British eventually win the ensuing alt-Cold War and destroy the United States because they are a more racially pure Anglo-Saxon race, while the Americans are ethnic mongrels and therefore are racially inferior.
- Schooled In Magic: Emily finds it very hard to deal with the society of the Nameless World, whose ways (ranging from treating commoners and women as second class citizens to brutal punishments of criminals) baffle or horrify her at times. Many of the inhabitants find her opinions very odd as well.
- The eponymous Lords Of The Underworld—immortal warriors created by Ancient Greek gods—have more or less adjusted to modern norms, but mention occasionally how many of their past actions were motivated by sexism (i.e, killing Pandora because they hated that she was a female warrior). Even in the present day, they have no compunctions about torturing and/or killing their enemies.
- Knowledge Of Angels: The values of Renaissance Christians are ably demonstrated for the reader, such as the far more powerful role of religion in people's lives-to the point of harsh persecution toward dissidents. Additionally, the Christian characters find Palinor's view hard to fathom (as indeed real Christians would have at the time). The Inquisitor finds the idea of religious tolerance, as Palinor describes in his homeland, utterly appalling.
- Claire's side of the story in The Obituary Writer greatly emphasizes how she was impressed upon by her mother to never question her husband, even if he's an ass. She also notes the societal expectation for women, even adulterous ones, to remain in their marriages, even if the men might just walk off.
- In The Moon Is a Harsh Mistress, Luna cultural mores are wildly different from those of Earth. Gambling is a way of life and "doube or nothing"dice rolling with the shopkeeper is common when purchasing sundry items. Due to the massive imbalance between women and men, the latter outnumbering the former on a two-to-one ratio, women are completely in-charge when it comes to sex politics and chivalry is very much Serious Business: a woman could, if she were so inclined, beat a man until she draws blood with no social repercussion, but a man who so much as lays a finger on a woman without her permission would soon find himself being Thrown Out the Airlock. However, cat-calling a woman is considered a polite compliment.
- As most of 11/22/63 takes place in the Southern US when Jim Crow was still in effect, there is much of this to be had. Casual racism, sexism and homophobia is all around every corner - one elderly character is shown reminiscing about minstrel shows, the main character (a man from the 2010s) uses the image of a segregated bathroom as a way to keep himself from romanticizing the past, and women are expected to put up with less-than-savory situations (like an abusive marriage) for the sake of keeping up appearances. And in the case of the latter, Sadie knows nothing of OCD, the disorder that made her abusive ex so abusive towards her.
- In The Stormlight Archive, the eastern Rosharans consider dark-eyed people to be inherently inferior to light-eyed ones, condemn men reading, believe that females' left hands should be concealed in public and enforce strict division between sexes. Not only are professions and living spaces segregated into male and female ones, but even cuisine is different for men and women - male food should be spicy, while female must be sweet.
- In The Dinosaur Lords, people of Nuevaropa see being nude in public not as funny or humiliating, but empowering. If a person appears in court or in front of a crowd naked, they show that they are honest in their beliefs and that it's their opponent who should feel ashamed.
- A good amount of humor in Mystery Science Theater 3000 can be derived from this. For example, in the 1950's short "A Date With Your Family", Servo Gag Dubs for the teen daughter, "Daddy, I'm dating a Negro!"
- It's inevitable on The Knick, which is set in the year 1900 in New York City. Most of the white characters are casual racists, at least one of them is a hardcore social Darwinist, and most male characters are equally casually sexist.
Dr. Algernon Edwards: Is your race listed on your credentials?
Dr. John Thackery: There's no need for it to be.
- American Dreams being set in the early sixties plays with this trope extensively. While it contains a certain amount of nostalgia there were pains taken to give characters realistic attitudes in regards to things like race, sexuality and war. There was also a fair amount of care taken to avoid Strawmen (although there were some arguable examples) and people's attitudes and actions were often conflicting. Pete Pryor was shown to be casually racist in his dealings as a cop but also seemed to genuinely respect Henry, his brother's Black Best Friend. Jack Pryor might have somewhat archaic views on women but allows his wife to work and offers to help his daughter attend college despite his initial misgivings. Even borderline Marty Stu JJ objects to his sister's budding inter-racial relationship. Some critics (especially since Mad Men has come along) have said it could have hit this trope harder but many others feel that not having a specific political viewpoint gave the show a more expansive perspective on the period.
- Gene Hunt on Life on Mars and Ashes to Ashes is a racist sexist gay-basher who gives out Police Brutality like presents. He still has enough redeeming qualities to qualify for Noble Bigot with a Badge, but most people wouldn't want him on a modern police force.
- Star Trek: The Original Series:
- When a simulation of Abraham Lincoln is projected onto the Enterprise, he immediately notices Uhura is black, noting "What a charming Negress." This is a bit of an inaccurate portrayal, as although some of the plans he advocated early in his life regarding slaves (such as the government buying them, freeing them, and then sending them to Liberia) would seem bothersome today due to Values Dissonance, he was remarked about at least once for not reminding people of their race.
Frederick Douglass: In his company I was never in any way reminded of my humble origin, or of my unpopular color.
- Uhura's response is an example as well; she implies that humanity has "outgrown" categorizing people by race, or being offended by archaic labels such as "Negress". Needless to say, while there are those who believe we should aspire to this, we're not there yet.
- In another episode, the crew finds Zefram Cochrane on a planetoid being cared for by an energy being, which he assumes to be asexual. When it is revealed to be female and in love with him he is horrified, much to the bafflement of the 23rd century crewmembers. Spock even calls his reaction a "provincial attitude". Specifically, it's the alien part that bothered him, not the 'female' part.
- A lot of episodes dealt with alien cultures which often starkly depart from human values in some way. For instance, one planet has an annual day-long orgy of violence and destruction while they are endlessly polite and controlled the rest of the year; one world modeled their culture on the prohibition era, with murder and lawlessness as the norm; at least two planets practice slavery, one of them with televised gladiatorial fights; two planets are engaged in a centuries-long war which has essentially become a massive LARP with people willingly committing suicide if a computer decides they had died; etc.
- When a simulation of Abraham Lincoln is projected onto the Enterprise, he immediately notices Uhura is black, noting "What a charming Negress." This is a bit of an inaccurate portrayal, as although some of the plans he advocated early in his life regarding slaves (such as the government buying them, freeing them, and then sending them to Liberia) would seem bothersome today due to Values Dissonance, he was remarked about at least once for not reminding people of their race.
- Star Trek: Deep Space Nine: Numerous in universe examples between the various alien races that inhabit the series. A particular is when Miles O'Brien is put on trial in a Cardassian court. The Cardissian justice system is based around the notion that the state is infallible and therefore anyone accused must be guilty and the entire trial process is nothing more than an elaborate prelude to confession and sentencing. To them the notion that anyone who is guilty might escape justice is barbaric. Miles's attorney is downright flummoxed when Miles tries to put up any form of defense and is horrified when he wins the case.
- In Modern Family, Gloria takes Lilly to get clothes and "hairings". Mitch agrees to this, not understanding that Gloria intended to pierce his child's ears. Gloria, being Columbian born where this is common and accepted, cannot understand Mitch's shock when his daughter returns with earrings.
- Lucius Vorenus is devoted to a code of honor that often seems barbaric from a modern point of view; at one point he's willing to kill his wife's illegitimate son to preserve honor. In Real Life ancient Rome, the man who did not put his wife's illegitimate newborn to death would be considered not just dishonorable but immoral. However, if the child was older and freeborn (or if the mother had been married to the biological father at the time of conception), killing it would be a felony punishable by death.
- There was also a hilarious bit when Atia took a servant's rumors of Caesar and Octavian coming out of a pantry at the same time after making some strange noises (Caesar was having an epileptic fit) and ran with it. This also becomes a case of deliberate hypocrisy later when she beats Octavia for being in a lesbian relationship with Servilia, an enemy of the family, as immoral. Of course, in the show this relationship led to the downfall of Caesar, but that was a ways off and due to a single seemingly unimportant comment to all involved.
Atia: For what reason, I wonder, would you and Caesar possibly be skulking around in a cupboard...?
Octavian: What? We were... it was nothing.
Atia: "Nothing"? It doesn't sound like nothing. [beams] You seduced him, you sly little fox!
Octavian: I did not!
Atia: I am not clear it is decent, him being your great uncle... but who's to say what's decent in times like these? In any case, well done. Let's see Servilia compete with a soft young boy like you. What power we shall wield...!
- The final straw for the conspirators who assassinated Caesar? He had the gall of offering common Roman people and non-Roman conquered peoples a seat in the Senate... thus giving everyone a say (well, every male at least). This is offensive to the Patricians, while in the modern day and age it would be viewed as progressive and natural. As a result, the conspirators look less like freedom fighters for the Republic and more like Evil Aristocrats trying to preserve their own power.
- Sex is treated very casually, sometimes to a hilarious degree. The teenage Octavian frequently gets chewed out by his mother for not having enough sex, and she eventually forces him to visit a brothel so that he won't dishonor his family by being a virgin. Earlier in Season 1, she also forces him to eat sheep testicles to make him more virile, making some remark to the effect of "When your father was your age, he was forcing himself on servant girls right and left!"
- Slavery is prevalent in Roman life and it is okay to beat them or have sex in front of them.
- Slaves will rather die with their masters than live without them. The well-fed domestic slaves at least.
- When Pullo kills Eirene's husband out of jealousy, Vorenus chastises him only for destroying his property and doing it indiscreetly.
- Vorenus gets his share of the spoils from Alesia in slaves. When all but one of them die of the plague before he can sell them, the audience is moved about how bad this is is for him and his family.
- Anti-Semitism is just a normal part of Roman life. When Herod visits, the news reader announces that Jew mockery is to be kept at an "appropriate minimum".
- Characters partake in pagan ceremonies shocking to modern audiences. Examples include Atia bathing in bull's blood for good fortune and Vorenus and Niobe having sex on a plot of land in front of their children for a good harvest.
- Marriages occur as soon as couples are able to breed. Niobe apparently married Vorenus when she was just 13.
- In Rome, A Real Man Is a Killer. Young Octavian has no qualms in killing. It's fighting he has no talent for.
- Mad Men, set in the early 1960s, has male characters smoke like chimneys, drink like fishes, and regularly display what would today be considered firing offenses with regards to sexually harassing female co-workers. The women on the show also display period behavior, especially with regards to their married lives or with the actions of their female peers. Decidedly non-kosher shrimp cocktails are served at a lunch meeting with a Jewish family note . Pete's pragmatic idea of marketing TV sets to blacks so disgusts the clients they almost drop Sterling Cooper. One of the younger men working freelance for Sterling Cooper tells his colleagues he's gay, leading to a painful silence and people talking behind his back, and Betty nicknames her daughter "daddy's little lesbian" because of the daughter's love of handiwork. Betty's low-speed car crash had the kids (restrained only by the friction of their clothing against the car's vinyl seats) thrown into the footwell. And one scene of the Drapers leaving all of their garbage behind after a picnic in a public park seemed so outlandish that some viewers wondered whether the show was accentuating the negative on purpose. Later in the series, however, it becomes clear that many of the reprehensible actions on the show are personal and not even fair for their day.
- Even the sympathetic characters toss about what would be considered ethnic slurs today: Bullock calling Mr. Wu a "Chinaman", Calamity Jane addressing General Fields as "a short nigger", Trixie making frequent anti-Semitic remarks in reference to her Jewish lover Sol, and Charlie Utter often calling Indians "heathens". Then again, the nastier characters (Swearengen and Tolliver particularly) do it even more.
- Prostitutes in town are little more than sexual slaves to their masters. This is treated as just a natural part of life in the frontier. The show also doesn't shy away from the Stockholm Syndrome felt by prostitutes toward their pimps.
- As was considered appropriate in the time period, Mrs. Garret does not go outside without a male escort, even if the escort is a simpleton who couldn't be expected to perform any useful function.
- Roots. Black characters are always called "niggers"; a white sailor describes them as being essentially animals, their languages being no more than grunts. Rape of black women is widespread and accepted. The owners discuss how teaching them to read — if it be possible — would only make them unhappy. (Of course, the entire point of Roots is to describe this sort of thing.)
- Dr. Quinn, Medicine Woman:
- It features a female doctor/adoptive mom coming to work in a frontier town, without Politically Correct History coming into play. "Dr. Mike" and her children are exceptionally enlightened, as might be expected, but most plots derive from the ignorance of the townsfolk over natives, Jewish immigrants, reconstruction, Darwinian evolution, or (most commonly) single mothers as doctors.
- Even Mike herself falls victim to this. She is at first very apprehensive about the Native Americans, having never even seen them before moving to Colorado Springs, as well as uncomfortable about her son Brian's friendship with Walt Whitman after hearing rumors about Whitman's sexuality.
- Doctor Who:
- Martha worries in "The Shakespeare Code" about a black woman wandering around London in 1599, but the Doctor assures her that London has always been a place of many peoples and she should be fine. Indeed the worst thing that happens is Shakespeare flirting with her by using several terms for "black person" that were common in the day, but not by any means considered politically correct now. (He eventually settles on my dark lady, a term that anyone who knows Shakespeare's sonnets might find a little familiar.) She ends up being inflicted with worse in 1913, with "Human Nature"/"The Family of Blood" having the students mocking her ("With hands like those, how can you tell when something's clean?"), Joan not believing that Martha could ever train as a doctor because she's black and female, and John Smith believing that Martha can't understand the difference between fictional literature and reality. The best part is that Joan has almost no trouble believing that John Smith was the Doctor and an alien, but can't seem to get her head around a black woman training to be a doctor.
- In "The Unicorn and the Wasp", Donna feels sympathy for the footman Davenport because his lover Lord Roger has been murdered and, since it is the 1920s, he cannot openly mourn or acknowledge that they were anything other than master and servant, even though everyone in the household appears to have known.
- Played for laughs in the second trailer to the 2012 Christmas special; a Victorian policeman takes it fairly in stride that the detective he's working with is a reptilian woman from Earth's distant past employing a genetically-engineered warrior from space. The fact that she's romantically involved with her maid visibly freaks him out, though. The actual episode makes a Discriminate and Switch joke out of this, with Simeon apparently being more disgusted that the Veiled Detective is a woman as opposed to not being human, and is especially derisive of her and Jenny's relationship. (Vastra rejects his accusations of impropriety; they are married after all.)
- Quantum Leap, all the time — for example, when Sam leaps into a black man in the pre-civil rights era South, or a secretary in 1961 who's being sexually harassed by her boss. One famous episode dealt with gay people in the military, and has Sam contend not only with the gay-bashing (and -killing) cadets at the academy, but his own partner Al, who doesn't believe gay people should be allowed to serve and changes his mind over the course of the episode.
- Cold Case played this for all it was worth. Expect at least five episodes a season to make the era the case's real monster, while savagely taking a Chris Avellone-level Deconstructor Fleet to the notion that earlier decades were happier, more innocent times.
- Invoked in James Ellroy's LA Quartet, which is set in the 1940s and '50s and features a shocking amount of racist and anti-Semitic statements from lots of characters, including many otherwise likable protagonists. Ellroy deliberately points out how deeply ingrained into society those feelings were, that even nice people could get caught up in them.
- Murdoch Mysteries:
- Inspector Brackenreid refers to a woman with undiagnosed mental problems as an "imbecile". George is quick to correct him, "They don't use that word any more, it's insensitive. The accepted term is 'moron'."
- People who haven't met Julia are patronizing towards her at best and outright prejudiced at worst. Even the people she works with who have come to terms with her being a doctor don't view her as entirely equal; when it comes to light that some women have been dressing up as men and living double lives that way, Brackenreid rants (in her presence, mind) that women don't understand the complexities of life and are foolish for impersonating men.
- The Babylon 5 episode "The Corps Is Mother, the Corps Is Father" is made of this, as all three of the episode's main characters are Psi Cops who have grown up in the Corps, and therefore been brainwashed with its skewed values since birth. Also, two of the characters are Naive Newcomers on their first mission, and the third is Bester.
- The Unusuals has the episode "The Circle Line," which is a forty-three-minute-long attempt to justify the "blue wall."
- In the The Twilight Zone episode "No Time Like the Past", after the main character decides to live out the rest of his life in the year 1881, he gets into a conversation about global politics with someone from that time. The native goes on about how war is the best measure of the strength of a nation and that the United States should fight wars of conquest against Asia and South America. This angers the main character who says that going down that road will lead to disaster and untold loss of life. (He's right.) He is criticized for this belief. Of course, the whole point of that episode was to show that Nostalgia Ain't Like It Used to Be.
- Played for Laughs in the Boy Meets World episode "I Was a Teenage Spy," where Cory dreams he is sent back to the 1950s. When he says "butt" in class, Mr. Turner and all the other students react as if he'd said a horrible curse word.
- Pan Am is also set in the 1960's and has some pretty clear examples in the way the stewardesses are treated, but others include the strong taboo against interracial relationships (shown in the outcome of the public display between Laura and a black sailor) and the treatment of women's sexuality.
- In Kaamelott, King Arthur is one of the only characters to dislike torture and public executions of criminals, and he allows them nonetheless. He also has several official mistresses, and not even his wife minds it. Every character find the idea of monogamy utterly ridiculous, and when a random woman Arthur has only met once refuses to become his new mistress, the other knights see it as an affront. And even then, many warlords dislike how much of a "progressive" the king is, which in their mind clearly means "pussy".
- A flashback episode of Heroes takes place before the civil rights movement and involves Angela Shaw (future Angela Petrelli) as a teenage girl running away from the military base with three boys her age, one of whom is Charles Deveaux, who is black. At a local diner, Charles asks Angela for a dance, but they stop when the customers (all white) stare at them and the cook tells that they don't tolerate that sort of thing there. Charles promptly uses his ability to have the customers and the employees forget this ever happened.
- Merlin has rigid class structures be an obstacle for Arthur and Guinevere.
- Aurora in Once Upon a Time had a mild moment where she is in disbelief that there is a female warrior (Mulan) traveling and fighting alongside Prince Phillip. Part of it may be contributed to Green-Eyed Monster as she might have felt threatened by this beautiful, exotic Action Girl.
- The Sopranos, in its desire to authentically depict the Italian-American criminal subculture, does not shy away from the casual racism, sexism, gay-bashing and Moral Myopia that are commonplace within it, even among the (by comparison) more sympathetic characters.
- Chappelle's Show:
- One sketch has Paul Mooney as a black film critic who watches Gone with the Wind alongside two white female reviewers. The white women laud the film for being powerful and feminist, while Mooney savages it for the blatant racism and whitewashed depiction of slavery.
- A sketch has Mooney remarking on the casual racism in The Godfather, though in this film it's also Deliberate Values Dissonance.
- Parks and Recreation:
"She was one of the first feminist leaders in Pawnee! She was the first to dare wearing pants on a Sunday, she spent 30 years in prison for that."
- It's a Running Gag that all of the murals in Pawnee's City Hall are incredibly racist. They proudly depict various sordid events in the town's history that are shocking by today's standards. Leslie shows them off with some embarrassment:
"In 1867, the progressive Reverend Turnbill officiated a wedding between a white woman and a Wamapoke Indian chief. The secret ceremony was beautiful and romantic. But then word got out and the reception was a bloodbath. Fortunately, there were two survivors. Unfortunately, they were both horses."
- In one episode, we find out that every year, the entire town uses an obscure, misprinted loophole in the town charter to legally harass a man named Ted. Ted finally becomes fed up and decides to use other obscure clauses in the town charter, namely the extremely racist and sexist ones, to bully Tom and Leslie and teach them a lesson about why the laws of the Pawnee founders shouldn't be held in such reverence.
- Leslie, looking forlorn, stands in front of a map of Pawnee. The map is blue, with a few scattered white dots on it.
Leslie: This is a map of all the atrocities the Pawnee settlers inflicted upon the Wamapoke Indians.
Leslie: The atrocities are in blue.
- Very much Played for Laughs on Harry Enfield and Chums during the sketches featuring Miles Cholmondley-Warner and his assistant Grayson. The Public Information Film Women: Know Your Limits being a particularly well-known example.
- In the BBC/Starz series The White Queen, Queen Anne, consort of King Richard III, becomes upset with her husband because she believes he is having an affair with his niece, Elizabeth. He explains that he is not, he is just deliberately creating the rumor that he is, because Henry Tudor, a rival claimant to the throne, had betrothed himself to Elizabeth. Therefore, by making people believe that he is sleeping with her, he is, in effect, cuckolding his political rival, humiliating him and costing him political support. Of course, to a modern audience, the idea of a man having an affair with his own niece is much worse than the idea of a man's fiancee cheating on him (especially when they are forced to live apart from each other for a long time), and certainly much worse for one's political career. Of course, the show leaves at least some ambiguity about whether Richard was being sincere in his explanation to Anne, and about whether there really was an affair.note
- In Firefly slavery is OK for some people, entire villages see nothing wrong with kidnapping travellers, witch trials show up, and some women are sold as property, but the most notable is the Companions. Companions are treated with high-ranking respect, making it a preferable life choice that some women idealize. Notably, this draws criticism from feminist groups, due to the in-universe admiration Companions earn, while forgetting the much less appealing portrayal of life for more ordinary prostitutes. (To wit: the episode "Heart of Gold" is about a prostitute who's bearing the child of the most powerful man on that moon, who intends to take the child to raise as his own even if he has to cut it out of her body. And this is because these are lucky prostitutes - the current madame is a former Companion, but before she showed up most of the girls were cruelly abused and heavily addicted to drugs so they could be kept in line.)
- Torchwood has Clem, a 60+ year old man had been in a fugue state since he was about twelve, spout this Non Sequitur after he had already smelled that Gwen was pregnant.
Clem: [Indicating Ianto] So who's the Queer?
[Ianto turns around, outraged]
Ianto: OI!!! This is not 1965 anymore!
Clem: [matter-of-fact] He's a Queer — I can smell it.
- Warm Springs is 2005 HBO movie about Franklin Roosevelt's recovery from paralysis. Set in The Twenties, the treatment of physically handicapped people as deviants can disgust the modern viewer. A teenage polio victim is locked in a baggage car and starved. Franklin's mother refers to the spa as a "leper colony". The film portrays Roosevelt's understanding of this injustice as turning him into the man that would fight human suffering as president.
- Wolf Hall shows just how fragile a woman's life was in the 1500s. Katherine of Aragon is discarded for being unable to provide a male heir and it's taken as read that her daughter Mary can't become regent not because of her ill constitution but her gender. Anne Boleyn's position depends solely on whether or not she can give birth to a healthy boy and when she doesn't, Henry disposes of her in even more brutal fashion. Her father and uncle don't care because her only value was as influence with the king; said uncle also wishes he could dispose of his wife because she's old and he doesn't want to have sex with her anymore (or rather, she's the same age as him). Jane Seymour's brothers discuss her as a commodity to be traded right to her face. For all this, both of Henry's daughters would become England's first Queens Regnant, and Elizabeth's long reign was so iconic that her name is now used to describe the era.
- In the Korean drama Faith, Choi Young (a warrior from the 14th century) travels to the present day to find a doctor after the queen is wounded. To test a doctor he found, he slashes open the throat of a perfectly innocent guard to see if she can save him. After she does, he's actually surprised when she tries to escape rather than immediately follow him.
- Agent Carter:
- Shows the struggle that a single woman has to deal with in the post-WWII business world, seen as fit only to take lunch orders and answer the phones.
- The second season has an African-American scientist and doesn't hide the difficulties that a man like that would have in the 1940s, not to mention the issues an interracial couple would have when Peggy finds herself attracted to him.
- Another Period takes place in 1902 and uses this trope for comedic effect. Casual racism, misogyny, outdated ideas, and overall prejudice are referenced each episode.
- One episode of Angel showed he lived in LA in the fifties. We see scenes like a black family getting turned away from a hotel and his neighbor probably being gay.
- Parodied on Mad TV with a sitcom produced by the History Channel about a medieval king who travels forward in time and had to work in a fast food joint. He is sexist, racist and casually violent but the characters constantly remind viewers his behavior was perfectly acceptable in his time.
- Stranger Things doesn't shy away from some of the less squeaky clean parts of the '80s, such as the very pervasive homophobia or the rather casual attitude towards bullying.
- The Twisted Toyfare Theater strip featuring the thawed out Silver Age Spider-Man took this trope to town, highlighting the fact that Silver Age Spidey's values and priorities are incredibly screwed up. As the normal Spider-Man says, "He guns downs bank robbers and punches dictators!" Also, the first thing he says after being unfrozen is "What the-?! There used to be a foreigner at the end of this fist."
- A story in the National Lampoon ca. 1972 had a 30-ish guy waking up in his early 1950s childhood. He goes with it, figuring his adult knowledge will make schoolwork a breeze...then he blurts out that President Truman had kicked General MacArthur out of Korea, forgetting it hadn't happened yet. His teacher is horrified, but he continues his train of thought, going into a Vietnam-era rant about the futility of trying to police the world. The story's tagline was "If you knew then what you know now, boy, would you be in trouble..."
- Old Harry's Game plays with this sometimes, especially with historically "good" or "heroic" characters, almost all of whom are in hell for one reason or another. For example, Thomas Jefferson in his first appearance relates a funny antecdote about writing the Declaration of Independence, halfway through the line "We hold these truths to be self evident, that all men are created equal" his ink ran out, and he sent his slave to get more, seeing no contradiction in this. It's also implied that Jack the Ripper was Queen Victoria's nephew, and she ordered the Prime Minister to let him rampage freely, and shielded him from justice, only concerned with the shame the scandal would bring on the Royal Family, not the deaths of her subjects. It's all completely Played for Laughs, of course.
- Bleak Expectations:
- Played for Laughs with Sir Phillip Bin, who despite a lifetime's worth of bizarre (or flat-out impossible) experiences, is incredibly sexist, and thinks universal education is a strange and implausible suggestion.
- In one episode, Ripely acts exactly like an upper class Victorian woman would act towards the homeless, accusing them of being lazy, yelling at them that pull themselves together, and confiscating what little items they have in case it "undermines their self-respect."
- Warhammer Fantasy Roleplay does not shy from adding real-life medieval sexism (if a somewhat watered-down version) to its sourcebook depicting the Medieval Stasis nation Bretonnia; women are second-class citizens without the ability to own property or manage their own affairs, and if female characters want to be adventurers they'll have to pretend to be men. The opening chapter lampshades this, stating that if you find it offensive you are at full liberty to not include it in your game and that "This is not a feature of Bretonnian society of which the author and Games Workshop approves" and furthermore that "The author and Black Library also does not approve of the arbitrary execution of peasants, fighting local wars over an insult, or worshiping the Ruinous Powers, all activities depicted herein. Just so we're clear." Some of the Warhammer novels imply that homosexuality is regarded as an act of worshipping Slaanesh and thusly punishable by burning at the stake.
- Warhammer 40,000 does this quite deliberately to help convey that it's a Crapsack Galaxy. Slavery, racism, murderous xenophobia, the glorification of ignorance and mindless zeal, religious fundamentalism — and that's just the humans! Appropriately this applies even to the more heroic characters, with Ciaphas Cain (one of the most noble and just characters in the setting, even if he doesn't realise it) viewing "mutants" and anyone who disagrees with Imperial rule with the same scorn any loyal Imperial soldier would. Ironically by our standards, the Imperium seems to be racially and sexually equal, with the scorn applying only to Fantastic Racism. The only exceptions would be organizations in the Imperium that are explicitly patriarchal and matriarchal.
- Victoriana RPG makes the Values Dissonance between the setting and the players the defining characteristic of the player-characters. Reasoning that some players would be uncomfortable playing accurate Victorian values unironically, the game encourages them to create characters whose beliefs are more in line with their own sensibilities, and hence profoundly revolutionary by 19th-Century standards.
- In Hackmaster, there is a system of Honor points, generally gained for heroic actions and lost for cowardly or heinous ones, which gives in-game benefits to characters who consistently act honorably. However, different character classes and alignments gain and lose honor for different things, so a Lawful Good shining knight type would gain honor for charity, defeating great foes in honest combat, and standing to fight even against overwhelming odds, while a Chaotic Neutral thief would gain points for successful robbery and fleeing from the aforementioned overwhelming opponent in order to poison or backstab them at a later date, and a Lawful Evil monster would be rewarded for taking slaves or torturing useful information out of someone. And in the module Little Keep on the Borderlands, non-humans would suffer discrimination while staying at the keep, especially races like half-orcs.
- Exalted likes to play with this trope a lot in general, using Creation's fictional societies as thought experiments or deliberate juxtapositions to our own society. Specific examples:
- The 1e sourcebook "Manacle and Coin" includes both an exhaustive listing of races generally considered "slave races" and a sidebar from the authors about how utterly WRONG such attitudes are.
- The Scarlet Dynasty, which rules the Realm, has a eugenics program built around increasing the likelihood of Dragon-Blooded Exaltation. Justified since the Realm's Dragon-Blooded are the only Realm citizens capable of naturally wielding Essence, and thus are regarded as the Realm's most valuable resource.
- The Delzahn have an odd attitude when it comes to sexuality and gender. On the one hand, anyone can "take the grey" and declare themselves "dereth," effectively becoming the opposite sex, starting at the time of their Rite of Passage. On the other hand, they have extremely strict gender norms, with no allowance for homosexuality or "abnormal" behavior. So if you're a gay man and want to be in a relationship with another man, either you or your partner must become dereth. If you're a woman and you want to fight or hunt for a living, or are a man and want to paint, you have to become dereth. And so on.
- Lookshy is probably the closest that Creation has to a real-life liberal democracy, with an enforced ban on slavery, a degree of social mobility and some notion of natural human rights. It's still a military-run police state with Dragon-Blooded at the top, and readily engages in economic imperialism (as well as regular, military-backed imperialism).
- Legend of the Five Rings:
- The code of Bushido draws no distinction between telling the truth and merely looking like you're telling the truth, and because it considers proper etiquette to be of the same importance as loyalty to your Clan and lord. This is fully intentional, in an effort to draw a "true" portrait of feudal Japanese culture rather than something a bit less alien.
- On the flip side of the coin, many players may be offended when learning about Shourido, the dark "alternative" to Bushido that is advocated by agents of the Shadowlands. It's absolutely portrayed as an evil philosophy, but includes such "evil" ideas as learning for the sake of learning, seeking to become stronger and being a perfectionist. (In this case, mind, part of the point of Shourido is that it looks innocent on the surface, but inevitably draws its practitioners towards nasty extremes.)
- Aside philosophical issues, the setting's strict caste system is no doubt an example of this trope. Peasants are considered "half-people" and Eta (untouchables who handle "dirty work" like waste management) aren't considered people at all. Caste is determined by birth, and aside from being reincarnated into a higher caste in another life, there are very few ways to change caste. While some of the clans in the game are Nice to the Waiter and endeavor to treat peasants with some dignity, they are, even by these people considered lesser. All this is, of course, profoundly uncomfortable to a western (particularly American) audience, where equality, or at least merit based social positioning is considered the norm.
- Well Rocket Age is set in 1938. Factor in alien cultures and things get real awkward real fast.
- The World of Darkness enforces values dissonance mechanically. Humans have a "humanity" rating with a hierarchy of sins forming a ten-point scale (e.g. 10 is thinking an unkind thought about someone who harms you, zero is committing genocide for entertainment, simple murder falls around 6 or so) with sins below your current rating potentially dropping the rating. The Humanity scale, used by humans, Prometheans and vampires, is intended to encompass standard modern first-world morality, but other supernatural creatures get entirely different lists of sins:
- Mages get wisdom, which includes the standard scale but adds in things related to your tendency to use your magic as a first resort. Minor sins include using magic to 'shortcut' daily tasks, major ones include intentionally invoking magical backlash.
- Werewolves have essentially the same sins, but in an entirely different order. Simple rudeness can be an extremely severe sin if you're disrespecting a packmate or elder, theft isn't a sin at all, murder is a relatively mild one that's only severe if you're hunting for sport, and cannibalism features prominently with an array of fine distinctions.
- Changelings mostly ditch the standard sins in favor of an extremely legalistic tangle of requirements to keep oaths explicitly stated. If you can rationalize your way around an oath so that you completely violate the intent while technically obeying the wording, that's a positive quality.
- Geniuses in the fanmade Genius: The Transgression have a system representing their sense of attachment to humanity, with dings for cutting yourself off from other people either figuratively (spending a lot of time by yourself) or literally (heavy use of cybernetics) featuring prominently, as well as penalties for things that don't appear on the usual Karma Meter because people don't really have the capability to do so frequently (such as creating life in the laboratory).
- BioShock Infinite:
- This poster◊ and this one◊ are just two examples of the mentality common amongst Columbia citizens.
- Comstock, the city's ruler, is shown in posters with the caption "Hero of the Battle of Wounded Knee." Consider what he had to do to receive that "honor". (Truth in Television: Twenty soldiers got the Congressional Medal of Honor after the tragedy, which Native American activists have tried to get rescinded.) Meanwhile, the protagonist, who also took part in those events (because he's a parallel universe version of Comstock), is disgusted by what took place.
- The "prize" for the raffle going on at the fair in the prologue turns out to be the chance to throw the first baseball at an inter-racial couple, who are bound to a pole in front of monkey-like "savage" caricatures in preparation to be stoned to death for miscegenation — all while they beg and plead for mercy, and the announcer mocks the protagonist if he hesitates to throw. And that's just the start of the downright cruel casual racism in the game.
- In a more positive note, Columbia doesn't have a problem with women in positions of power or even the military mostly because the mechanism that allows the city to stay afloat was created by a woman. There's also the possibility that Comstock deliberately tried to get rid of sexism so when Elizabeth took over no one would question her leadership.
- Dwarf Fortress:
- Used humorously with the elves, who are cannibals who eat the corpses of their enemies, but refuse to trade with you (or even go to war!) if you offer products that were made by cutting down a tree. Including wooden items you just bought from them.
- With their ethics fitting the Medieval European Fantasy mold, humans get into this with their more draconian punishments compared to most modern law codes and acceptance of slavery. Even dwarves get in on this (compared to both the in-game humans and modern humans) by punishing murder (at least of fellow dwarves) with death regardless of the reason.
- Suda 51 had this concept in mind when he designed No More Heroes. Case point: the name Travis Touchdown. It sounds like an over-the-top cool name in Japan and an incredibly stupid one in the US. Some of Suda's other games, especially Killer7, also explore the Values Dissonance between western and Japanese players.
- Red Dead Redemption:
- On the train ride at the beginning of the game you're surrounded by a bunch of city-slickers with a variety of outrageously outdated ideas of "the savages", and debate whether or not humans have the right to fly, let alone the ability. The protagonist, having been around the block a few times, doesn't comment on the conversations, but he clearly doesn't put much stock into what any of them have to say.
- The newspapers say that tobacco is good for your health, the general store keeper in Armadillo is very vocal about his anti-Semitism, and there's a scandal involving a governor who let non-whites use white facilities and the like. Ah, the West.
- The story about the kidnapping of Bonnie MacFarlane. The writer dismisses the idea it was for "personal" reasons (translation: rape) as she's an old spinster clearly too ancient to marry or have children (translation: be young enough that she's sexually desirable). She's 29.
- Professor MacDougal thinks all Indians are savage members of a sub-human (read: sub-white) race and treats them as such. This is contrasted with Nastas, a Native American who speaks fluent English, has plenty of smarts and common sense, and treats MacDougal with a mix of weary Never Heard That One Before (most of the time) and polite anger (when the man crosses a line).
- While King Arthur The Roleplaying Wargame arguably has elements of an Anachronism Stew, 'ladies' in the game are by all means a thing to trade and use.
- GUN, set in roughly the same period as Red Dead Redemption, features a bit of this, with characters making derogatory remarks about Native Americans and Irish immigrants, and male characters treating prostitutes (and indeed women in general) as pieces of meat. The approach actually backfired somewhat, as controversy arose regarding the depiction of Native Americans.
- Assassin's Creed:
- Not shown in the game itself, but in the spin-off short movie Lineage for Assassin's Creed II features Lorenzo de Medici having a prisoner brutally tortured to reveal his information about an upcoming political assassination, but he is still a good guy, both in the movie and in the game. In Renaissance Italy such brutal methods, along with backstabbings, poisonings and similar cloak-and-dagger manoeuvring were the norm among nobles.
- Assassin's Creed III
- This game has much more ethnically diverse NPCs as well as taking place in colonial America. Connor is treated with quite a bit of prejudice, referred to as a half-breed (his father is English and his mother is a Mohawk), and personally thinks that the Patriots should be fighting for the rights and freedoms of all the peoples who live in the Thirteen Colonies, as opposed to just the ethnic Europeans. He even has a brief conversation with Samuel Adams over Adams' owning a slave; Adams explains that she's legally a free woman (actually true, as both are historical characters) and that the Patriots just want to achieve general freedom first, after which they will work for the rights of non-whites. After the game's official end, in a cutscene set on Evacuation Day (when the British soldiers left the newly-formed United States) Connor witnesses the crowds cheering as the redcoats shove off, then sees a public slave auction happening right behind the crowd.
- In the same game, Achilles deliberately gives Ratonhnhaké:ton a European name like Connor, so he doesn't stand out in cities. He also tells him to pass himself off as a Spaniard, since Connor's darker complexion would allow for that. Yes, he won't be treated as well as a WASP, but it's still better than being a half-Mohawk and much better than being like Achilles (black).
- Assassin's Creed IV: Black Flag:
- Black Flag likewise features European racism against First Peoples and blacks. One of the villains only disapproves of slavery because it's inefficient due to the risk of slave uprisings, not because of any moral qualms, and slurs like "dago" are heard when Spanish and English troops under the Templars hit a predominantly Mayan Assassin stronghold.
- Edward Kenway himself, while surprisingly tolerant due to having shipped with a lot of different people, does once bring up to his Trinidadian ex-slave quartermaster Adewalé the possibility of returning to Africa. Adewalé's response amounts to, "Why would I go back to a place I've never been to?" In addition, the reason Adewalé is quartermaster on paper instead of first mate like he is in practice is due to worries that white crew members might not accept a black man as The Captain's Number Two.
- There's also a bit of white-on-white racism on display at one point early in the game when Edward is on the receiving end of an insult that includes a reference to him being English. He irritatedly retorts that he's Welsh, not English.
- Very much the case in Mafia II (somewhat less so in the first game), where the characters are about as racist as you can get in a game without causing a controversy. For instance: Vito asks Joe if he drove to the bar (in an African-American community), and Joe replies, "I wouldn't park my car in this neighborhood!"
- Snippets of information regarding pre-Great War society shows it was the Fifties with higher tech, for better or for worse. In Fallout: New Vegas, you can find an employee handbook on a computer at a power plant/secret weapon facility that recommends against telling your wife about the project; after all, women are such natural gossips that she'll tell her friend, and she'll tell her friend, and the next thing you know, Red China's invading!
- Caesar's Legion, which is based on The Theme Park Version of Roman ideals (they're closer to Sparta, actually), is loaded with this, and even manages to top archaic Roman values by being violently sexist, able-ist, viciously intolerant of other cultures, fantastically racist and anti-intellectual.
- Mass Effect has all its featured species be culturally and philosophically different to humans in some ways, major and minor. Most of it is only explained in the Codex, but they have frequent influences on in-game dialogue and actions.
- The elevator conversations in the first game often invoke this, with squadmates often responding to remarks the others make about their culture by mentioning how things are where they live. Examples include:
- Kaidan says that, while his L2 biotic implants are more powerful than L3 implants, they cause a severe side effect—Kaidan has horrible migraines, and he's one of the lucky ones. Garrus, a turian who comes from a highly disciplined and service-oriented culture, says the turians would have kept the L2 implants.
- After Garrus says he wants to deal with Saren in order "to restore the good name of turians everywhere," Tali, whose people roam the galaxy in the Migrant Fleet in poverty and with only seventeen million members, remarks that "things are different among my people. There are so few of us. We are expected to be loyal, even when it is difficult."
- Speaking of Tali; Quarians are collectivists to an extent that makes most Westerners uncomfortable. It's outright stated in 2 that quarians who return to the Fleet on a ship with something potentially dangerous are expected to give the wrong passwords and let themselves be blown out of the sky, rather than endanger the fleet. Also, if you listen to Tali's dialogue, she never gives an "I" answer, unless asked specifically about herself.
- When Wrex asks either Kaidan or Ashley who would win in a fight between them and Shepard, Kaidan/Ashley says they could never see themself fighting their own commanding officer. Wrex sees this attitude as the reason why Kaidan/Ashley serves under and would lose to Shepard.
- As shown in Mass Effect 2, asari Justicars are Knight Templars with an extreme Black and White Morality, bound by an immutable code. Justicars will stop at nothing to protect the tenets of code, which may or may not overlap with laws even amongst their own species; a Justicar would sacrifice her life to save a city, but would also kill everyone in that same city if they indirectly got in the way of rescuing a single orphan. The asari regard their Justicars as great heroes, with most confused by another species suggesting there's any problem with this system. However, even asari police officers understand very well that having a Justicar interacting with non-asari guarantees diplomatic nightmares. That being said, the people who wrote the code had enough foresight to provide several loopholes and safeguards to allow a Justicar to avoid bloodshed for as long as possible. Once those are used up, though, someone is going to die.
- Shepard is horrified upon learning that an asari on Illium is selling slaves. She politely informs Shepard that "indentured servitude" is perfectly legal on Illium, with a fixed-term contract agreed by both parties as to the length of service and numerous laws in place to protect the servant and make sure their sapient rights are respected. The asari also seems to be under the impression that Shepard's anger is due to batarian slave raids on human colonies as the reason why humanity has a no-tolerance approach to slavery. Apparently, the asari hadn't read up on human history to find out the real reason why humans hate slavery...although Shepard him/herself might still have very personal reasons for their stance.
- Salarians are first and foremost loyal to their families and clans and their respective ruling Dalatresses, with their government run in much the same way as the ancient human feudal royal families, complete with breeding and marriages being a highly political affair. They also find the idea of honour in battle to be naive at best - if they are going to go to war with you, they won't tell you, they'll just kill you. In fact, if they've "officially" declared war, odds are they've already won.
- Thane describes himself as kind of a religious conservative among the drell and seems perfectly convinced that as an assassin he is not a murderer but simply a tool used by his employers. While his spirit is able to make judgements if a killing is just or wrong and could decide what to do, his body does not and it appears to make perfect sense to him. He also prays for redemption after every assassination.
- The geth are the most extreme example. An entire character (Guest Star Party Member Legion) has their existence based around explaining that the geth aren't just different from organics but think and act in fundamentally different ways, largely because they communicate with each other and reach "consensus" literally at the speed of light. Ideological differences are resolved completely peacefully, with the different groups allowed to separate from the others and go do their own thing, and the reason they've isolated themselves from the rest of the galaxy is because they don't understand organics anymore than organics understand them, and they want to learn how to interact with organics before doing so. Said character outright states that treating members of another culture the way you would want to be treated is inherently bigoted.
- The Turian Hierarchy is a stratocracy (similar to a military dictatorship; the difference is that in a military dictatorship, the military rules the government, while in a stratocracy the military IS the government) that could also be seen as strictly enforced communism. Everything is organized in a single system encompassing military, administration, services, and manufacturing and every turian goes through basic military training as part of the educational system and serves for about 15 years. After that they may transfer to the civilian branches of the Hierarcy. Internal conflicts usually take the form of armed uprisings, which mostly end with the military offering any citizen a chance to surrender and be interred, after which the rest of the community is completely wiped out. This last part is actually necessary, because in the face of any lesser threat turians are psychologically incapable of surrender.
- Krogan view strength as of the utmost importance, but physical strength is nowhere near as important as personal strength. Being able to obtain followers and keep them from betraying you (krogan view betrayal and making enemies as inevitable) is what marks a great krogan. This is why Wrex and Grunt follow Shepard almost without question, as they immediately recognise their status as a Magnetic Hero and the biggest badass in the galaxy. That being said, this in itself is at odds with the old krogan ways. Before entering their Atomic Age, krogan were forced to temper their Blood Knight and Social Darwinist tendencies to survive living on a Death World. After they reached a post-scarcity society, however, all caution and restraint went out of the window.
- Asari practice Love You and Everybody and Golden Mean Fallacy on a cultural level, believing that all beings are part of the galactic whole and that every species and culture has a place in that whole. The end result is that most of the best diplomats and negotiators in the galaxy are asari, willing and able to see all sides of an issue. They are also far more willing to take the "long view" compared to other species, due to possessing lifespans in the centuries, and much prefer to exert control of galactic affairs via slow cultural assimilation as opposed to political/military/economic dominance.
- Depending on your Real Life country of origin, treason against the Citadel Council carries the death penalty, which the majority of 21st century nations have either abolished outright or not used for decades.
- A sort of In-Universe example is the slavery and caste system that is a part of batarian culture. They claim it's an inextricable part of their culture and therefore should be protected, while this is one of the few points on which almost all the member states of Citadel Space agree being wrong.
- What little is known of yahg culture also features this in abundance: they have a pack-based mentality, so whenever a group of them forms to work together, they will have dominance battles until one rises to the top (either through strength or trickery). The losers are expected to hold no grudge and serve the leader loyally. The very concept of equality seems completely foreign to them, and when it was explained they found it offensive, which lead to the Council quarantining their planet and prohibiting any further contact with their species.
- The elevator conversations in the first game often invoke this, with squadmates often responding to remarks the others make about their culture by mentioning how things are where they live. Examples include:
- The Reconstruction portrays shra in a rather positive light overall, and the overall message seems to be that the Fantastic Racism against them is wrong. This doesn't stop most of the characters from being perfectly okay with slavery, and even those who don't treat the shra like dirt are prone to using racial slurs or calling them out on their smell.
- This is practically the point of King of Dragon Pass, in which, in order to succeed, the player needs to act according to the very tribal morality of the Orlanthi. This includes, among other things: frequently raiding other clans to steal their cattle, fighting to avenge any attack on your own clan, never trusting a foreigner more than your own people, and always obeying your clan's traditions, no matter how barbaric they might seem.
- The setting of Darklands averts it in some places and plays it straight in others. It is a version of 15th century Europe where women are treated with some more equality than how it happened in Real Life, meaning women can actually be adventurers and have had any kind of job (Except those related with the clergy) during her life. But on the other hand, religion, and particularly Christianity, is a very focal point of the life there: Your party will suffer a Virtue hit for not bowing down to greedy clerics asking for 'donations', and anyone who is not a Christian worships Satan and Eats Babies. And this last part is not an exaggeration.
- L.A. Noire has this in spades, mostly concerning misogyny and racism, but also xenophobia and political suppression. Most notably, Cole's affair with a German lounge singer is considered front page news, and so disgraceful it nearly ruins his career. Meanwhile the brutality and complete corruption of the LAPD is glossed over. Though it does make a bit more sense when you realize back during that time having an affair at all was a serious crime.
- The web game Fallen London takes place in the early 1890s so this trope pops up, though issues of sexism and sexuality are largely ignored, at least with regards to the player character (it does show up occasionally in the background, such as with a remark about "next women will be voting") who is treated the same whatever their gender, and can engage in sexual relationships with various NPCs regardless of gender. This was a deliberate design decision to avoid upsetting players whose gender or sexuality would have been problematical in the Victorian era. Also, conventional racism is played down in favour of Fantastic Racism against Clay Men and Rubbery Men.
- Touhou uses this as the basis for the whole series. The reason that Gensoukyou is full of Blood Knights that fight each other at the drop of a hat isn't because they hate each other, but because the region is filled with very old, very powerful, very bored individuals that view the regular incidents as a great way to break up the tedium and have a little fun. Indeed the majority of people the player fights in all the games have nothing to do with the current incident and are just using it as an excuse. Symposium of Post-Mysticism explores this in extensive detail, ultimately revealing that the state of restrained belligerence is not only an intrinsic part of Gensoukyou, but that it is absolutely vital for its continued existence.
- Exaggerated in Harvester, where most of the residents of Harvest look and act like they came out of a 50's sitcom, complete with the racism, sexism and gay-bashing of the era. Except that those views are also ramped Up to Eleven, along with making everyone unstable, unfriendly and violent to the point of caricature in order to make them as unlikeable as possible and make the protagonist (and the player by extension) think that it's okay to kill them in order to condition him to become a Serial Killer.
- Mount & Blade has what could be described as a "brutally realistic" take on women in medieval society. If you play as a female character, expect to find climbing the social ladder and earning the respect of other lords to be quite the challenge. If you play as a female warrior, you'll find things even tougher. Although challenging sexist lords to duels and beating them is a great way to earn Renown, and in some cases, their respect.
- Knights of the Old Republic: Played subtly with Canderous. See the Literature section above for why the Mandalorians waged war on the Republic and why they held no grudge at all against Revan when Revan kicked their shebs. They wanted to fight the best, Revan was the best, and their battles would be remembered for centuries. Furthermore, Canderous's outlook and morality is frequently evil from a Republic point of view, but damn near impeccable from a Mandalorian one. Little wonder he becomes known to history as Mandalore the Preserver, the one who rebuilds the culture and preserves their morality and traditions.
- Star Wars: The Old Republic has a few cases, since even even the lightest of light-side Imperials would be a monster by Republic standards. In one Imperial side quest, a player is asked by a Sith to poison a group of slaves with a toxin causing a slow, agonizing death. His assistant offers an alternative, dosing the slaves with a different toxin that will be quick and painless. Nowhere is telling them both to go to hell and freeing the slaves (a Republic light side action) an option. Another example comes at the Siege of Kazon flashpoint: when faced with a NPC infected with the rakghoul virus, the Light Side Republic option is letting the man live to try and find medicine (even if they know it's too late), and the Dark option is killing him. The Light Side Imperial option is a Mercy Kill, and the Dark Imperial option is leaving him to suffer and die.
- The indie game Gone Home has shown that even the 1990s had their share of problems
- One of the reasons that Terry and Jan's marriage is falling apart is because Terry refused to join Jan in couples' bowling and ballroom dancing in favor of her learning cooking, as well as more feminine pursuits such as painting and sewing.
- Sam finds the military's policy of "Don't Ask, Don't Tell"note (which ended in 2011) ridiculous. Also, she's infuriated when her parents can't accept her sexuality, who chalk it up as a "phase" and refuse to discuss it further with her.
- Crusader Kings, in spades — attempting to follow anything resembling modern morality is a tricky Self-Imposed Challenge likely to lead to the player dethroned by a rival who better follows the brutal culture of the era. The best course of action involves things like treating spouses and marriage as political tools, turning a blind eye to or engaging in Rape, Pillage, and Burn, leading bloody, pointless wars against heretics and unbelievers to distract from domestic issues, and generally betraying, scheming, and murdering for power. Not for nothing has Crusader Kings II been dubbed the best A Song of Ice and Fire simulator ever made: there's even a Game Mod out there to reskin the game world as Westeros.
- Xenoblade Chronicles X:
- Nopon, as a Proud Merchant Race, see money and commerce as their highest value. While, granted, many of them will express concern over the safety of their loved ones or innocent strangers, profit to be gained from any endeavor is a very close second. To wit, when they learn that humans have a tendency to do what they want for free because they're cute, most Nopon are quick to exploit this fact.
- Ma Non pride themselves on science and advancement over anything else. They don't know how to fight nor can do manual labor and don't want to do either. As such, anything they can't understand or do physically they will figure out via science and technology, and if it can't be tackled that way, it becomes either extremely interesting or frustrating to them. Further, although they pride themselves on viewing any issue scientifically, when they do get caught up in their emotions, it's completely uncontrolled. A Ma Non overcome with strong or intense feelings is one of the most dangerous things you could ever imagine.
- Prone are a Proud Warrior Race that sees every situation in regards to military strength and power. They measure both themselves and their allies up at every turn, and tend to show outrage if they don't like what they see. Also, Prone don't tend to forgive a slight of any kind. The Tree and Cavern clans have been at war for a long time, and neither is likely to stop feuding any time soon. Even when the Tree Clan are rescued from the Ganglion, many of them (aside from clan leaders) are still itching for payback. When some of the Cavern clan defect to NLA, the Tree and Cavern clans continue to feud, only avoiding outright violence for the most part due to both the laws of NLA and the decree of their leaders. Still, some of them will run off to fight Ganglion forces at the drop of a hat, simply because they can't stand not satisfying a grudge.
- The Wrothians are a Proud Warrior Race and a Fantasy Counterpart Culture of Samurai Japan. As such, both fighting spirit and honor are everything to them and most of their values can be directly transferred from Feudal Japan. For example, the Wrothians have great praise for one of their warriors when she takes off alone to satisfy her need for vengeance against the Ganglion, with the full knowledge that she is almost certain to die from such an attack. In Japanese, this is known as "Makoto", whereas someone who is under obligation to redeem honor or act upon an intense emotion (or, as in this case, both). Someone demonstrating "Makoto" is supposed to act without thinking of logic or consequences, which is why attempting to appeal to the logic of said warrior will fail. However, you can stop the warrior from getting herself killed by asking her to think of her friend's feelings, which falls into another Japanese virtue called "omoiyari".
- Duke Nukem Forever takes place in a world where Duke Nukem can do no wrong. He is, almost literally, the center of the universe. As a result, many, many of his actions and one-liners would be considered seriously rude, often downright misogynistic in the real world.
- There's a mostly comedic example in Fate/hollow ataraxia with Lancer. Unlike the other Servants who are similarly temporally displaced from their origins, Lancer only superficially blends in. He's completely unable to understand why Shirou might have issue with him trying to sleep with his classmates, is ready to kill people that Shirou thinks are his friends at any time and seems to feel that anything he can take from their actual owners is his.
- Analogue: A Hate Story, with its Scifi Counterpart Culture to Korea's Joseon Dynasty, uses Deliberate Values Dissonance for all its worth, even going so far as to give the player a Tsundere Spaceship Girl mouthpiece for the culture in question.
- "If Disney Cartoons Were Historically Accurate". You won't see your princess the same way again.
- In this page Sillice from Drowtales illustrate the difference in in-world values, which is one of the reason that characters that come across as Badass, Ax-Crazy, or extremist to people from our world sometimes are portrayed in a positive light. This along with a world of Gray and Grey Morality leads to a lot of debate among the readers.
- Trolls have a lot of Values Dissonance built into their society, but it's best illustrated with Tavros's interaction with Jade where he manipulates Becquerel into rerouting a bullet that would've killed Jade... to kill her grandfather instead. He sees this as a perfectly heroic act though, since in Troll society, adult members of their species don't raise young at all, and will generally mooch off of, or outright kill young trolls that they come across, and he thought that Becquerel was in fact Jade's guardian.
- Terezi is confused at first as to why Dave was raised by Bro instead of a Guardian Lusus.
- A Running Gag involves the trolls being shocked about the humans having buckets lying around: buckets are part of the trolls' reproduction process so seeing buckets all of a sudden would be akin to being flashed. Hilarity Ensues when John, convinced by Vriska that trolls consider cleaning supplies to be indecent, kicks an imp in the face for carrying a broom. Being culturally sensitive is really hard work.
- Comes up fairly frequently in Dominic Deegan; most of the non-human cultures have their own distinct values, such as the werewolves being unconcerned with nudity and valuing True Companions above all else, or the Orcs approaching magic much differently than humans (for one thing, they believe ice is sacred, which allows orcs to use ice to great effect against demonic forces) but some of the clans also having extremely misogynistic values. The fanbase, as with nearly everything else, is sharply divided on this; some people feel it is perfectly justified for non-human cultures to have distinct values, while the other side claims that orc culture is insane and Mookie is wrong for depicting them so.
- In Erfworld, units are compelled to serve leaders and causes by a loyalty mechanic. Parson Gotti, meanwhile, is from our world and has these strange notions of "free will", "choice", and "not taking sexual advantage of underlings". Egad. Made worse when Maggie, a spellcaster and therefore one of the few units who exercise some amount of free will, mocks him for being reluctant to take advantage of the situation.
- In TwoKinds, heroic-ish character Eric is a Keidran slave dealer. He's downright progressive in his treatment of Keidrans compared to most other human characters (he refuses to put "control spells" on his favorite slave, Kathrin, and is more than willing to deal with free Keidrans as equals), but he still sees his other two slaves, Mike and Evals, as little more than his property and refuses to sell them to Trace (who wants to free them). He later reveals that this is because he can't; Templar law not only forbids freeing your own Keidran slaves, but forbids selling them to someone you know is going to free them. Doing so results in prison for the humans and reenslavement for the Keidran. Eric eventually agrees to sell his slaves to Trace anyway.
- Rarely used in Arthur, King of Time and Space, where the artist takes the view that, since the Arthurian legends are ahistorical anyway, there's no reason the characters shouldn't have modern sensibilities, even in the baseline arc. It crops up sometimes though, such as the idea that betrothing a young girl to an older man isn't creepy unless it's Agravaine.
- In Draconia Chronicles, an inverse gender dynamic also inverts Men Are the Expendable Gender, and kids are apparently fair game. there is also no concept of "civilian" or "enemy noncombatant". POW's are only taken to inflict further indignities on them.
- Seen in Visseria (a pseudo-Victorian setting) when Alchione is getting a dressing-down by a higher-level bureaucrat, who mentions how ostentatious it is for a woman to be working on the force and how she should watch her behavior due to the unlikeliness of her possessing properly feminine skills.
- In GastroPhobia Phobia and Gastro own a slave, though they later try to set him free, which the rest of Ancient Greek society doesn't see it as big deal. Klepto, instead of getting set free, gets repossessed by the government because the law in which Phobia acquired him only applies to natural born greek citizens, "... not women or barbarians and certainly not barbarian women", implying they don't see women as citizens.
- Survival of the Fittest spin-off The Program is based entirely on this trope. It's set in a militaristic, extreme nationalist version of America Twenty Minutes In The Future. So, there's a fair amount of this. Most notably, as a result of their nationalist upbringings, many characters are to some extent xenophobic and treat "foreign" looking people not too kindly, which is most prominently seen with Japanese-American Marilyn Williams and Angry Black Man Bryant Carver.
- Land Games: The player's society is extremely imperialistic, regularly invading and conquering foreign worlds. Jayle is the only one who has a problem with this.
- This is done in Three Worlds Collide where future social mores aren't at all like present ones, much like present ones would be almost incomprehensible those of several hundred years in the past. A particular example is future humans' views on (legalized) rape, which are so divorced from modern mores that the latter are incomprehensible to the protagonists even after being explained.
- SCP Foundation:
- This is the entire basis of SCP-1851-EX. In the 1800s, foundation agents labeled the desire of slaves to escape to freedom as an SCP phenomenon. One of the notes from present times has an agent who is the descendent of one of the original agents orders that all documents of that SCP be destroyed. It was decided that the SCP would be closed but not removed, because they weren't going to "whitewash" their history.
- To a lesser extent, SCP-1841-EX. For the longest time, the Foundation and its predecessors feared that the sudden popularity of musicians such as Tupac Shakur, Elvis Presley, and even Franz Liszt was the result of a memetic agent.
- Epic Rap Battles of History: Frank Sinatra makes comments that are considered racist and insulting to homosexuals by our standards, so you would never think of him to be the guy who integrated Las Vegas.
- Much of the humor of Ask Lovecraft revolves around Lovecraft's outdated mores and sensibilities. For example, he passes out the first time he finds out a black man was elected President of the United States, and he apparently doesn't believe Italians have souls.
- Bravemule uses this in its portrayal of the dwarf culture of Dwarf Fortress. The dwarves are violently isolationist, vicious, and militaristic, perceiving anything they are not familiar with as a threat and slaughtering it accordingly. This leads to the fort's downfall when Behem's deadfall trap in the trade depot causes the humans to go to war with Bravemule, and Traeme fully expects to be remembered as a hero for ordering Exi to breach the Underworld when the humans get the upper hand. They also consider octagons to be unholy.
- The Thrilling Adventure Hour plays this up for humor in many of its settings:
- It's especially noticeable in the "Jefferson Reid, Ace American" and "Amelia Earhart, Fearless Flyer" settings. They take place during World War II and are framed as Propaganda Pieces of valiant American heroes fighting the "dirty krauts."
- In "Desdemona Hughes, Diva Detective", the title character was a star of the silent movie era whose fame faded with the rise of "talkies" and has the sensibilities of that period. For instance, she has no problem making jokes about Blackface. "Desdomona" also plays it differently, as one episode features a man whose being outed as gay actually benefited his career, when something like that happening in the real 1940s would almost certainly have had a much different reaction.
- One of the "sponsors" of the Thrilling Adventure Hour is Patriot Brand Cigarettes. The live shows feature actual advertisements of them between segments. Some of those segments, such as "Sparks Nevada, Marshal on Mars", are portrayed as radio plays intended for a child audience.
- The older sensibilities of the various settings is also the main reason Frank and Sadie Doyle's constant drinking can be Played for Laughs.
- Occurs several times in The Venture Bros. in flashbacks and appearances of the old Team Venture: a giant in the team is called Humongoloid; Col. Gentleman refers to the Japanese Kano's "racial handicap"; and of course:
Announcer: It's The Rusty Venture Show! Brought to you by Smoking!
- In The Simpsons episode "Three Men and a Comic Book", Bart sees an old Radioactive Man cartoon wherein the eponymous superhero is smoking.
Radioactive Man: Ah, these Laramie cigarettes give me the steady nerves I need to combat evil.
Fallout Boy: Gee willikers, Radioactive Man, wish I was old enough to smoke Laramie.
Radioactive Man: Sorry, Fallout Boy, not until you're sixteen.
- Justice League:
- The episode "Legends" was created as an homage to The Golden Age of Comic Books, and features plot-lines and events taken whole-cloth from the earlier era. However, this does not always translate too well to the current age, and Hawkgirl is rather resistant when Black Siren asks for her help making cookies and letting "the men" talk. Later, John Stewart, the (black) Green Lantern, is not entirely sure how to react when he is told that he is "a credit to [his] people." Both statements were perfectly normal (even progressive) back in their proper age, when having black or female heroes at all was amazing, but cause discomfort when brought to modern people.
- The time the group has to travel back to WWII to stop Vandal Savage from giving the Nazis a technological edge, although this is downplayed: several characters are blatantly shocked that Wonder Woman and Hawkgirl are, well, women. Not much is outright said about John Stewart's presence as an African American showing up in the middle of a White battalion, but that is mostly because they are in the middle of being nailed by an artillery barrage, and he is handy with a submachine gun.
- Time Pervs (a recurring sketch on the short-lived sketch show VH-1 Ill-ustrated) is about Bill Clinton, Pee-Wee Herman and Larry Flint using a time-traveling wheelchair to perv out on hot women in history. They decide to see Helen of Troy in person, expecting an Hourglass Hottie only to find she's practically Mrs. Turnblad, yet a guard lovingly talks of the same features that creep them out and are aghast that they're actually turned off. Truth in Television considering how the ancient Greek standards of beauty wildly differs with the American standards of beauty.
- Futurama had a weird case of this. To show that times have changed, there are a lot of cultural differences. Public nudity, polygamy, suicide, drug addiction (cf. the vending machines that sell crack cocaine and advertise it like a soda with words like "Delicious" and "Refreshing"), and cannibalism are all relatively normal while robosexuality (humans having romantic or sexual relationships with robots) and homosexual marriage are still taboo (cf. "A Taste of Freedom"'s scene where, after the Supreme Court ruled polygamy constitutional, Zoidberg's lawyer gets booed loudly after he says, "I can't wait to tell my husband!" Gay marriage is shown to be legal at least, as is marriage between ghosts and horses), and sewer mutants are considered inferior genetic scum that have to live underground by law.
- In Barbie in the Pink Shoes, this is seen with Albrecht and Hilarion attempting to marry Kristyn/Giselle. When told she's 17, they say that just because she's a little old doesn't mean they can't marry.
- Family Guy does this in the episode "Peter's Progression" showing Peter's ancestor Griffin Peterson first settling in the New World.
Griffin: We will have equal rights for all. Except blacks, Asians, Hispanics, Jews, gays, women, Muslims. Uhmm... Everybody who's not a white man. And I mean white-white, so no Italians, no Polish, just people from Ireland, England, and Scotland. But only certain parts of Scotland and Ireland. Just full-blooded whites. No, you know what? Not even whites. Nobody gets any rights. Ahhh...America!
- That episode of X-Men where they travel back in time to the sixties to save Professor X's life. Storm isn't allowed in whites-only bar. She finds it quaint that for once she's being discriminated for her color and not her powers.
- Bojack Horseman features BoJack's former friend and partner Herb getting blacklisted from his own series after being exposed as homosexual. The decade? The 1990s, where it was meant to be one of the more "progressive" decades but even a lot of staunch leftists and sexual libertines tended to mistreat homosexuals back then (albeit more in the "taunting and mocking" than "firing and blacklisting" sense, mind).
- A fantastic variation on Gargoyles. Since gargoyles raise their young communally and Goliath is a traditionalist, his attitudes about parenting and children are different from the humans around him. He's willing to accept Thailog since he's only one of three fathers, but has trouble with his biological daughter Angela since she insists that he is her only father.