An actress most famous for her role of Dorothy in The Wizard of Oz. Born Frances Ethel Gumm in 1922, she is more commonly known by her Stage Name, Judy Garland. It's commonly believed that she had a Stage Mom who forced her to take diet pills and didn't allow her to grow up but this is only partially true; many of her unpleasant memories of her mother are fabricated or embellished, and the drugs she took were pretty widely available without a prescription.Her producers were harsh on her, encouraging her to take amphetamines to work longer hours. They also told her she wouldn't be as beautiful as her other co-stars, and Louis B. Mayer (the second M of MGM) frequently referred to her as "the fat one" or "the Hunchback". Probably because of this, she fell into drug addiction quite young.Garland was married five times before her death at the age of 47 due to drug overdose. From her marriage to film-maker Vincente Minnelli (with whom she made three films), she had a daughter, Liza Minnelli.She has ascended into pop culture as a gay icon. The use of the rainbow as a symbol for gay culture is probably due in some part to Garland's song "Over the Rainbow" in The Wizard of Oz.Not to be confused with the Garland that will Knock You All Down!!
Judy Garland was involved in the following productions:
- Three Andy Hardy films: Love Finds Andy Hardy (1938), Andy Hardy Meets Dubutante (1940), and Life Begins for Andy Hardy (1941).
- The Wizard of Oz (1939)
- Babes In Arms (1939)
- Babes On Broadway (1941)
- For Me and My Gal (1942)
- Meet Me in St. Louis (1944)
- The Pirate (1948)
- Easter Parade (1948)
- A Star Is Born (1954)
- Judgment at Nuremberg (1961)
- Gay Purr-ee (1962)
Tropes associated with Judy Garland:
- And You Were There: In The Wizard of Oz.
- Anti-Christmas Song: Have Yourself A Merry Little Christmas. Purportedly, the song was supposed to be even more depressing - with lyrics such as "have yourself a merry little Christmas / it may be your last / next year we may all be living in the past" - but Garland refused to sing that version.
- Breakup Breakout: She was a vaudeville performer with her older sisters.
- The Cast Showoff: She sang in many of her films, some of which weren't even musicals.
- Dawson Casting: In The Wizard of Oz and the Andy Hardy films she appeared in.
- The Great Depression
- Hey Let's Put On A Show: Together with Mickey Rooney in the '30s.
- "I Want" Song: Her most famous (and possibly the most famous) number, Over the Rainbow.
- The Munchausen: Her daughter Liza Minnelli commented that Garland never let facts get in the way of telling a good story.
- Not Allowed to Grow Up: Famously, her large breasts were strapped down for The Wizard of Oz.
- Romance on the Set: With Vincente Minelli. The two first met on the set of Strike Up the Band. They became romantically involved while filming Meet Me in St. Louis, which he directed, and he continued to direct some other films she starred in.
- Averted with Mickey Rooney. Although the two were best buds throughout their time together at MGM, and made many films (several of which depict the two romantically), and Rooney was her champion to his dying day, and despite Rooney's rather prolific love life (his marriages rivaled Elizabeth Taylor in quantity), there has never been any suggestion of romance between the two in real life.
- Suppressed Mammaries: Infamously, to make her look younger for her role as Dorothy Gale.
- World War II: She played a Glamorous Wartime Singer in For Me and My Gal (which is set in World War I).
- Younger Than They Look: Aged horribly in her later years, due to drug and alcohol abuse.