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Anime and Manga
- The world of One Piece is strongly hinted at to be one where such forces, now known as the World Government, had become victorious. The "Void Century" refers to a hundred years of the world's history that has seemingly gone missing. Bits and pieces of what happened during this time have popped up as the series has gone on, including the existence of robot armies, space travel, and technological superweapons. (By contrast, One Piece's modern day weaponry is restricted to cannons, swords, and flintlock pistols, and strongly resembles the 17th and 18th century days of high seas piracy.) The World Government actively hunts down and kills anyone with knowledge of the Void Century, which is why Nico Robin, an Adventurer Archaeologist who can read the Poneglyphs said knowledge is stored upon, has a price on her head.
- Of course, it's very possible that the World Government kept some of this technology for their own use. (It would likely be impossible to build structures like Impel Down with 21st Century equipment, much less 18th; how it was done was never explained.) If this is true, it would make whoever enacted the change a Straw Hypocrite at best.
- Turner D. Century, who wanted to change society back to that of the 1890s.
- There was a Batman issue where a Mad Bomber was demolishing newer skyscrapers in order to restore Gotham's '30s-era skyline. note
- In the Marvel Universe, the Royalist Forces of America are a terrorist organisation (whose leaders are descended from Revolutionary War loyalists) who wish to dissolve America's democracy and re-institute a class system.
- The Runaways once faced an old man who unleashed a monster on Los Angeles with the power to revert the city to the way it was when his late wife was still alive.
- In the Young Bond novel Blood Fever, Bond fights a secret society dedicated to recreating the Roman Empire.
- In Men at Arms, Edward D'Eath wants to bring Ankh-Morpork back to the days of aristocracy.
- Another Discworld example is the villain in "The Fifth Elephant", who tries to force the new king of the dwarves of Überwald into civil war because they view him as too sympathetic to modern mores. They continue to be major villains until Thud! where they try to destroy evidence that the battle of Koom Valley was an attempt to end the dwarf/troll war and Raising Steam, where they complete the transtition into Islamic terrorist expies.
- In Destroyermen, the New British fleet admiral attempts to kills almost everyone ahead of him in succession with a bomb in the capitol building, hoping to become Governor-Emperor so he could cancel all the reforms (especially the ones about women's rights) that were being instituted following contact with The Alliance and the betrayal of the Honorable New Britain Company.
- Church, especially the Roman Catholic Church, was being almost universally depicted as this in Soviet educational and edutainment literature, ruthlessly persecuting scientists and repressing new ideas to retain their tyrannical power. Not that they didn't actually engage in this, but the portrayals are grossly exaggerated with sweeping generalizations running rampant.
- The Lord of the Rings himself, Sauron, wanted to restore Arda to the state it had existed in before his former master Morgoth corrupted it.
- General Rumford in Victoria is a heroic example: a political general and Chief of Staff in a mid-21st century state whose take on life, the Universe and everything is best described as that of an early 19th century conservative (atheists should lose their citizenship, women should stay in the kitchen, the French Revolution was pure Bolshevism, etc.). He also expends tremendous effort imposing these same values on his country, the Northern Confederation. His craziness actually benefits his nation, however, since the archaic stratagems he employs are never anticipated by the Confederation's modernist, high-tech enemies.
Live Action Television
- In Game of Thrones, the Sons of the Harpy are a terrorist organization led by aristocratic former slave owners who want to bring back slavery after it is abolished by Daenerys Targaryen.
- Some of Daenerys' supporters would qualify as well, since they imagine that restoring House Targaryen to the throne will solve all or most of Westeros' many problems.
- Ashley America wanted to make homemaking the primary purpose of women in society again. For example, she sought to bring down Valkyrie Women's Pro Wrestling, which came into existence after Betty Niccoli lifted the ban on women pro wrestlers in the state of New York, unless it cut down the number of women's matches to one made sure it featured her.
- This is the shtick (overlapping with Evil Luddite) of the villain Retrograde in the Champions sourcebook High Tech Enemies. His power allows him to transform high-tech items into low-tech, non-functioning equivalents, such as transforming a suit of powered armour into a suit of medieval knight's armour.
- The Guiding Hand of Feng Shui are this at their absolute worst. They want to return China to an era of "enlightenment", and utterly despise modern technology and thinking.
- The Jnanamukti in Mage: The Awakening are a movement of Evil Sorcerers who combine this trope, Fantastic Racism and Evil Luddite to Omnicidal Maniac levels. They yearn for the mythical days of Atlantis, when magic ruled all things and mages were far more powerful, before the Abyss was torn into existence and magic became a rare and delicate thing. As far as they're concerned, Sleeper civilization and the technology it has developed (alongside the existence of non-Mage supernatural creatures) is the only thing sustaining the Abyss. So, they reason, if they destroy civilization and technology, the Abyss will heal and Atlantis can be restored. Keep in mind that they have no proof that this is the case, they just hope it is. But are they powerful enough to enact their genocidal plans? Well...
- Eclipse Phase is written by a passionately socially progressive, capital-A Anarchist, unapologetically transhumanist company that at one point told Men's Rights Activists to stop being fans of their game, meaning it's probably not surprising that they used this trope in-setting in the form of the Jovian Republic a.k.a. Jovian Junta, a state that limits the level of genetic enhancement available to its citizens, rejects the Body Backup Drive, views people who've been restored from backup as soulless abominations, names things after right-wing dictators and generally doesn't play nicely with the predominantly transhuman population of the Solar System.
- Mad Mod, from Teen Titans, wants to impose England on everyone else. Specifically, a historical, romanticized England. He also wants to reclaim America for England. As of this writing, there's been no word from Lizzie on whether or not they will accept it.
- In Jackie Chan Adventures, The Royal Magisters want the UK to revert back to some vaguely Victorian time via magic and alchemy.
- There was a New Orleans ghost like this in The Real Ghostbusters cartoon.
- The Pastmaster from SWAT Kats really misses the Dark Ages. So much so that in his debut he tried to bring them back in the present day. The Swat Kats foiled him. In another episode, he decided to just go back in time to the Dark Ages and take over. The Swat Kats foiled him. Eventually, he suffered Motive Decay and messed with the originally happy future of Megakat City and turned it into a Bad Future just to spite the Swat Kats. The Swat Kats foiled him.
- On The Simpsons, Mr. Burns is a cross between this and a clueless Disco Dan insomuch as he doesn't even know about many