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- Meeting Daddy has as its title character an elderly Southerner (Lloyd Bridges in his final screen role) who is still proud to be a Confederate citizen (in spirit if not in fact) in the year 1998 (the year the movie was filmed), and is still flying the Confederate flag on his front porch. (The old man's prospective son-in-law, a writer from California, objects to the flag, but the old man emotionally manipulates him into putting it up for him.) When he sees activists on the TV news protesting against the Confederate flag, the old man grumpily calls them "outside agitators" - a term that by that point was about 30 years out-of-date, as it was an insult directed at Northerners who travelled to the South in the 1960s as civil-rights workers. (What's especially strange about this is that Daddy is old, but not that old; he was born long after the Civil War ended! That said, his father could have fought in the war, then passed on the belief to him.)
- Higher Learning: Malik Williams, an Angry Black Man, is still fighting the entire 500-year history of the Americas in the mid-1990s. Conveniently enough, the California university where he is a student is named after Christopher Columbus, who becomes a target for Malik's rage. ("He was nothing but a thief and a murderer.") This despite Malik's privileged status as a former high-school track star, and the fact that, except for a gang of neo-Nazis, all of the people with whom he butts heads are black themselves, particularly his fellow athletes who resent his entitlement mentality and an erudite political science professor whom Malik finds irritating and calls a "sellout". Malik's paranoia finally does become justified at the movie's climax, when he's fighting with a neo-Nazi assassin and the police almost arrest him because he's black and he's got blood on his shirt.
- In The Little Colonel, Lionel Barrymore plays an embittered ex-Confederate who lost his son in the war and now hates all "Yankees". When his daughter marries a Northerner, he responds by disowning her and the couple moves away. Years later, she returns with his granddaughter, played by Shirley Temple. You can figure out the rest of the plot from there.
- In the 1989 Black Comedy The 'Burbs, Bruce Dern plays a character who has trouble letting go of The Vietnam War, which had ended well over a decade before, despite being happily married and living in a prosperous neighborhood. While this is partly Truth in Television, the Dern character takes it to farcical extremes, behaving in paranoid "military" fashion constantly and referring to the silliest things in a grim manner. (Of course, he and his only slightly less paranoid neighbors turn out to be correct after all.)
- MacIan in The Ball and the Cross by G. K. Chesterton fervently supports the Jacobite cause, a century and a half after their last attempt to claim the throne was defeated.
- In Johnny Got His Gun (set about ten years later), the protagonist Joe recalls a Scottish soldier who refused to fight against a Bavarian regiment because they were led by Crown Prince Rupert, who held the Jacobite claim to the throne of England. He's amazed the soldier's superiors didn't just shoot him for treason; instead, they rotated him to the back of the trenches until the Bavarians themselves were rotated out.
Live Action TV
- Mal in Firefly. He actually did fight in the war with the Alliance, but his attitude during the show is mostly restricted to grumbling and griping, not trying to continue fighting for a lost cause. Doesn't mean he won't strike his own small little blows every now and then against the Alliance, though he is (for the most part) level-headed enough to know that being able to "keep flying" takes prime importance. His backstory has him continue fighting the Final Battle of the civil war, the battle of Serenity Valley, leading thousands of other Independent soldiers even after their top superiors had surrendered and officially lost the war. The comics include a terrorist group of former Independent soldiers called the Dust Devils who have vowed never to stop fighting the war against the Alliance. Interestingly, Mal was never a member. His second-in-command Zoe, on the other hand, used to be.
- The Peacock family from the The X-Files episode "Home". When Mulder & Scully come across the matriarch, she rails at them about the War of Northern Agression. The episode is set in Pennsylvania - a Union state - so the Peacocks were either invaders from the South or Confederate sympathizers.
- In Jack-of-All-Trades, Jack runs into his friends Lewis and Clark, famous explorers with horrible sense of direction, who has yet to be informed that the war with Britain has ended. When they encounter Emilia (Jack's British partner) they capture her, and refuse to believe Jack's claims of her being on his side.
- Granny from The Beverly Hillbillies is still fighting the Civil War. She constantly proclaims her admiration for "President Jefferson Davis", refusing to acknowledge anyone else. At one point she literally attacked the General Grant and his army, or at least a bunch of actors portraying them in a movie being shot nearby.
- The Outer Limits (1995): In the episode "Gettysburg", the main characters are two friends who are also American Civil War reenactors. While for one of them it's apparently just a hobby, the other one is somewhat obsessed with the legacy of the Confederacy and wishes they had won the war, arguing that the Confederate States embodied several other policies aside from slavery such as greater state rights. They are visited by a time traveler from the future who sends them both back in time to the actual Battle of Gettysburg so they can take part in it under the command of an unhinged Colonel to discover for themselves that War Is Hell and make them see the error of their ways. It turns out that the Confederate fanboy would otherwise have assassinated the first black U.S. President at a Civil War memorial ceremony in 2013. He doesn't go through with this thanks to the time traveler's lesson, but the murder is instead committed by the Confederate Colonel when he's accidentally transported to the future in a Cruel Twist Ending.
- Many heels refuse to admit when they have lost, and continue acting as if they haven't for absurdly long periods of time.
- CM Punk enjoyed the longest single WWE Championship reign since the 1980s, at well over 400 days (November 2011 to January 2013). When he lost his title to The Rock after their match was restarted once it was proven that The Shield had intervened, Punk claimed that he'd been unfairly robbed of the title, that the Rock's victory was a farce, and that his record title run was continuing despite even what WWE itself said. Eventually even he had to acknowledge that he was in a disadvantageous position, so he challenged Royal Rumble winner John Cena for his WrestleMania title shot - and lost, in what many consider to be one of the most epic WWE matches ever shown on television. Only then did Punk give up on the title, moving on to his obsession with trying to end the career of The Undertaker.
- Curtis Axel was ambushed from behind by Erick Rowan just as he was trying to enter the 2015 Royal Rumble Match. For nearly four months afterwards, he continued to insist that he had never been eliminated (because he hadn't been knocked over any of the top ropes of the ring) - and that he was "still in the Royal Rumble." Then someone did knock him over the ropes one night, but that still didn't shut him up, and he just went on acting as if he were still in the (by now long-over) Rumble Match, setting a "record time" of untold thousands of hours! Eventually his mind snapped to the point where he just started imitating Hulk Hogan, which led to his Heel–Face Turn.
- There was a minor heel named Jean Lafitte who claimed to be the direct ancestor of the 19th-century French pirate with the same name. Lafitte dressed up as his (supposed) famous ancestor and announced he was out for revenge against all Americans (and one Canadian) for an 1807 law that blockaded New Orleans, preventing pirates from entering the city note This was in the mid-1990s - long, long after America had collectively forgotten that the blockade had ever happened.
- On one Looney Tunes short ("Southern Fried Rabbit", 1953), Bugs Bunny encounters a Rebel general (Yosemite Sam) who still believes the war is on. When Bugs informs him that the war ended almost 90 years ago (as of the time of the cartoon's release), Sam's response is "I ain't no clock-watcher!"
- The Rocky and Bullwinkle episode "Wossamotta's Shining Season" is all about this trope. Bullwinkle and Rocky play football, and at one point the whole thing turns into a reenactment of a Civil War battle. There's a southern, Kentucky-colonel-type character who can't abide the use of the word "Civil" directing things, and a character actually says, "Shoot, they're gonna fight the whole war over again!" (But this time, the "Sooth" wins)
- In a Deputy Dawg short, the gang encounter an old Confederate soldier causing trouble who thinks the war is still going on.
- Commander Clash falls into this for part of his first episode of Captain Planet and the Planeteers.
- South Park:
- In one episode, the boys get in an argument prior to performing for the Union in a Civil War Reenactment, prompting Cartman to join the Confederacy. When he's made fun of for joining the losing side, he tries to one-up them by getting the performers so drunk they forget it's a reenactment and fight for real. Surprisingly, Cartman builds an army that comes very close to overturning the war.
- In another, the boys get entangled in a conspiracy started by America's oldest enemy: the British. When their invading armada get intercepted before it can reach American shores, the soldiers lament being "unable to end the Revolutionary War."
- An entire town in Brazil, called Americana, was founded by Confederates emigrating after losing the Civil War (and looking for a place where they could still hold slaves, as Brazil did not ban slavery until 1888). Descendants of the "Confederados" have lived there ever since.
- Among Argentines, this attitude towards Las Malvinas is so common that it borders on Hat status for the entire nation.
- The British, meanwhile, tend to be more than happy to remind the Argentines exactly who won that war, occasionally in the form of sending one of the most advanced warships on the planet to patrol the area, but are generally less interested.
- The Neo-Confederate movement has some adherents in the Deep South of the U.S.A., often overlapping with white supremacist groups.
- Many people in the South like to display the Confederate flag, even sometimes in official places such as state buildings or on license plates. This invariably causes controversy between those who see it as a matter of historical southern pride and those who take issue with its Unfortunate Implications. The Other Wiki has a whole article on the subject.
- After the Charleston church shooting perpetrated by Dylann Roof, sentiment quickly grew to remove the Confederate flag from the Confederate memorial on the South Carolina statehouse grounds. That kicked off a trend of examining the use and sales of the flag, with several major retailers such as Amazon and Wal-Mart pulling merchandise. Other states have begun debating Confederate memorials and flags, and the United States Congress has even debated whether or not to allow Confederate flags on Confederate graves in national cemeteries. Atlanta NAACP chapter president Richard Rose suggested that the relief sculpture at Stone Mountain Georgia be removed. Numerous rallies in support of the Confederate flag have been held in Southern states in reaction. Far from starting and ending with the removal of the flag from the monument in South Carolina, the debate over whether or not display of the flag at all is appropriate in the 21st Century has kicked into high gear once again.
- The main two political parties of the Irish Political System are in many ways this, with Fianna Fáil and Fine Gael being directly descended from the Anti-Treaty and Pro-Treaty factions of Sinn Féin in the Irish Civil War. Both parties have since become in effect political machines, with personalities and historical and regional loyalties driving voting patterns more than policy. This is particularly true of Fianna Fáil, with its development into a "party of power" advancing the interests of the monied elite (starting around the premiership of Charlie Haughey, the wealth-obsessed Irish Nixon). Fine Gael has gained a few principles (becoming a Christian Democratic party with conservative views on social issues but with a more social view of economic policy, in line with Catholic social teaching), but as their longstanding alliance with Labour (with whom they strongly disagree on social policy and who are substantially to the left of them on economic policy) shows, they've historically only been marginally better than Fianna Fáil in this respect. (However, after the Ahern and Cowen FF administrations revealed some truly spectacular corruption on FF's part, people have been rethinking this conception.) The party calling itself Sinn Féin right now is The Remnant of the original party left after Éamon de Valera led pragmatic Anti-Treaty members (who recognized they had been beaten) to found Fianna Fáil. This Sinn Féin continued fighting, with varying degrees of intensity (greatest during The Troubles) until the early 2000s.
- 100 years later, Red October is still a hotly disputed political issue in Russia, that divides people and parties more than their actual political positions. Some, especially the communists, praise Lenin and his victorious Red faction. But there's also a sizable fandom of the nationalist/monarchist White Movement, who believe the whole Russian Revolution was staged by German intelligence, and consider Tsar Nicholas II a saint. Ironically, while nationalists and communists hate each other because of differing views on history, they actually share a lot of common ground, both being conservative, generally anti-Western and nostalgic of some past era, either Imperial Russia or Soviet Union.
- In South Africa, there is much controversy over the old pre-1994 flag, which has come to symbolize The Apartheid Era. That Nelson Mandela himself embraced some Afrikaner iconography after being elected president seems not to have entered into the issue.
- The overwhelming majority of the Vietnamese diaspora identify themselves with the flag of the defunct South Vietnam, as most of them are refugees who fled after the communist victory in The Vietnam War. Some of them even consider the current Vietnamese flag (which was formerly the flag of North Vietnam) to be offensive. Meanwhile, the South Vietnamese flag is banned in the unified communist Vietnam.
- When Baseball great Ty Cobb first came up from Georgia to join the Detroit Tigers in 1905, he was subjected to some light hazing, to which he responded violently. This led his teammate Sam Crawford to comment—verbatim—that Cobb was "still fighting the Civil War" in his mind, treating the other players as "damnyankees" before he even met them.note
- The people of Kazakhstan are intensely proud of their heritage, and have been known to insist that the Cossacks are "still on the march" - as if neither czarist Russia nor the Soviet Union ever existed.
- Despite the last attempt by the House of Stuart's supporters to reclaim the throne having been the Jacobite rising of 1745, Jacobites exist to this day, and insist the Stuarts' descendants are still the rightful kings of Britain.