Occupiers out of Our Country
People called Romanes, they go the house?
None of you
belonged on Bajor. It wasn't your world. For fifty years
, you raped
our planet, and you killed our people.
You lived on our land and you took the food out of our mouths, and I don't care whether you held a phaser in your hand or you ironed shirts
for a living; you were all
guilty and you were all legitimate targets!
Sometimes, when writers feel the need to avert Terrorists Without a Cause
, they use this stock motivation, where the members of a guerilla/insurgent/terrorist/freedom fighter/resistance/etc. movement and/or organisation justify their actions by claiming they want foreign occupiers to leave their nation. This is both Truth in Television
and Older Than Feudalism
, dating at least back to the 1st century BCE with the Sicarii zealots in Roman-occupied Israel.
A rather peculiar case of this trope occurs with some Animal Wrongs Groups
, who claim humans are occupying the Earth.
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- Star Wars provides numerous examples:
- The Kaleesh, General Grievous' people, joined the CIS largely because their own planet had been economically ruined by the Republic for retaliating (with massacres) against the rival Huks, who had invaded their planet and enslaved the Kaleesh
- A series of insurgent operations on Manaan by the native Selkath managed to drive The Empire offworld (though, much like the Rebel Alliance, they received help from Darth Vader.)
- The films themselves, too. The first one in particular has been viewed as an allegory for the Vietnam War, while Revenge of the Sith was seen as an Iraq War allegory. Lucas actually confirmed the Vietnam connections, but denied any intentional Iraq allegory.
- The Guiding Hand in Feng Shui is based upon the kind of Well Intentioned Extremists and out-and-out Knight Templar-ish people that made up the Boxers at the turn of the century, and if you want to see just how nasty these guys can get, well, look no further than Once Upon A Time In China 2 which pits Wong Fei Hong played by Jet Li against the fanatical and Nazi-like White Lotus sect, and which shows us the other side of the coin by raising issue with rabid anti-western bigotry instead of foreign imperialism and greed with the first movie.
- The V franchise (no, not that V). A human resistance group tries to expel the aliens who have taken control of Earth.
- Generally, any work which portrays The American Civil War and especially the Reconstruction from the perspective of the South will ignore or sideline the issue of slavery and instead focus on this trope.
- Pretty much every movie about Joan of Arc will reduce the complicated medieval politics of The Hundred Years War to, "the English are bad because they're occupying France".
Anime and Manga
- The Black Knights and other groups fighting the Britannian occupation of Japan in Code Geass. However, the leader of the Black Knights has a more complicated motivation.
- The Zeons from Mobile Suit Gundam and its numerous sequels have a long and complex relationship with this trope. Though they started as an independence movement trying to gain sovereignty for the space colonies, they ended up as an oppressive imperialistic force that conducted a brutal invasion of Earth, while at the same time allying itself with various nationalist movements, primarily in Africa, that wanted independence from The Federation, putting them in the unique position of being occupiers and fighting a different set of occupiers at the same time. After the original series the Zeon home colonies get saddled with a nominally autonomous Federation puppet government while military remnants of both the Zeon forces and the nationalists they provided equipment to continue to be a thorn in the Federation's side up until the era of Gundam F91 and even try invading or destroying Earth again a few more times.
- Robert A. Heinlein:
- Sixth Column. After the U.S. is invaded by the PanAsians, a group of U.S. soldiers forms an underground army (under the guise of a religion) to drive them out.
- The short story "Free Men," which appears in several different anthologies, including Expanded Universe and The Worlds of Robert A. Heinlein. In this story, the invaders' identity is never specified.
- Jerry Pournelle's story Sword and Sceptre. A rebel group on the planet New Washington hires Falkenberg's mercenaries to help remove the invading troops from their sister planet Franklin.
- Komarran terrorists in the Vorkosigan Saga, a rare case where the protagonist is one of the occupiers. The circumstances leading up to the occupation also involve a lot of Grey and Grey Morality.
- The Barrayarans themselves, including Miles' grandfather, fit this trope themselves a few generations before the books in question.
- The Riftwar Cycle has this as the given reason the moredhel (dark elves) hate humans. Which makes sense, really, given that said occupation has driven the moredhel to live in the barren Northlands where they have to slaughter each other over scraps of food.
- The motivation of much of the Syrian rebels in The Egyptian. Although Sinuhe doubts the sincerity of their motives.
- The Tomorrow Series from Australia.
- Used frequently in the works of Harry Turtledove, for example, the Canadians resisting American occupation in Timeline191, or the English resisting the Spanish in Ruled Britannia.
- Also explored in his Colonization series, where the Race has to deal with constant unrest in the Middle East from Muslim extremists. Their methods of fighting the uprising (such as taxing people for attending temples) usually result in more unrest.
- Two of the earliest BattleTech novels, Decision at Thunder Rift and Mercenaries Star, involve a small force successfully doing this.
- Given how often planets get occupied as a matter of course in the universe, this actually happens quite a bit. On a larger scale this is also one of the collective hats of the Capellan Confederation in particular (which, to be fair, never was the largest Successor State to begin with and lost a lot of territory in the Fourth Succession War in particular) — if a world they don't currently control ever was Capellan (or can be retconned as once having been Capellan by the official propaganda, they're not that picky), then it doesn't matter how much time has passed and how its current inhabitants feel about the matter, the official stance is that it still belongs to the Confederation and they want it back.
- The human resistance against the Psychlos in Battlefield Earth.
- In the Star Trek: Deep Space Nine Relaunch, the True Way movement on Cardassia equates Federation and Bajoran aid movements with cultural imperialism, accusing them of attempting the final destruction of traditional Cardassian culture, and using terrorism to try forcing them offworld. Also, on Trill, unjoined political groups come to see the Trill symbionts as a manipulative race of overlords controlling Trill society; after all, the Joined hold all the positions of overt political authority, and as far as some unjoined are now concerned, the humanoid Joined are puppets of the symbionts.
Live Action TV
- The Maquis of Star Trek: Deep Space Nine, who were made up of colonists who refused to move off colony worlds that were ceded to the Cardassians in the truce that ended the war between the two nations.
- The Bajoran Resistance fighting the Cardassian occupation of Bajor in Star Trek: The Next Generation and Star Trek: Deep Space Nine. Deep Space Nine also had a Cardassian resistance against the Dominion in later seasons.
- Lampshaded when a disfigured victim of one of Kira's bombs who has killed every member of her old resistance cell in revenge confronts her with the fact that he was just a civilian who did the laundry. Kira's reply is to simply point out that he was a civilian who did the laundry for an occupying military force that had enslaved her entire planet and species! Read the page quote for her tirade.
- Not for nothing does Kira admit that she was a terrorist in those days.
- The Narn Resistance against the Centauri occupation of Narn in Babylon 5.
- Star Trek: The Next Generation episode "The High Ground". The Ansata terrorists are trying to force the Rutian occupation forces to leave their country.
- Happens, not once, but three times in Ronald Moore's new Battlestar Galactica series:
- Tom Zarek's movement to repudiate the Colonial federal government from his homeworld of Sagittaron, which led to Zarek destroying a government building to achieve his ends and being imprisoned for it.
- A resistance movement arises on Caprica in order to attempt to expel the Cylon occupiers, which Helo, Boomer and Starbuck all make contact with at some point. They get rescued in the season two finale. The Cylons decide to leave the 12 Colonies.
- The anti-Cylon resistance movement on New Caprica, who justify their attacks (particularily their Suicide Attacks) on several grounds, among which are expelling the Cylons from their planet.
- Many, many Doctor Who stories, starting with "The Dalek Invasion of Earth". Notably interesting variations are in "The Mutants", "The Power Of Kroll" and "Planet of the Ood" in which humans are the occupying force.
- In Avatar: The Last Airbender, a combination of this and revenge is the motivation for Jet's freedom fighters. They're portrayed less than positively, due to their willingness to kill even civilians to reclaim their land.
- This is also the main source of conflict in "The Promise" comic book continuation. After the war ends, the Earth Kingdom forces all Fire Nation colonies out, only to discover that after generations of living there, people are less than willing to leave (especially the many mixed families). Eventually, they make these areas new neutral zones, neither belong to Earth or Fire. The largest of these becomes Republic City.