Obstructive Code of Conduct
"It seems impossible. A Star Captain's most solemn oath, is that he will he give his life, even his entire crew... rather than violate the Prime Directive."
This trope involves any code of conduct that artificially constrains the choices available to the protagonist. Often (as with Star Trek's Prime Directive), it restricts or prevents his use of phlebotinum
that would wrap up the plot in two seconds otherwise. Conveniently forgotten (or hand waved
) when the plot requires it, but some shows do try to use this as a point of plot drama as the protagonists try to find a way to twist the rules to fit the situation.
See also Restraining Bolt
; Screw the Rules, I'm Doing What's Right
. Can result in Reed Richards Is Useless
. If the party with the Obstructive Code Of Conduct is substantially more powerful than the others involved, it can result in Awakening the Sleeping Giant
. See Alien Non-Interference Clause
for a common version of this.
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Anime & Manga
- The eponymous demihuman warriors of Claymore are sworn never to kill a human under any circumstances on pain of being hunted down by their colleagues (presumably to keep the general populace at least a little less frightened of them than the creatures they hunt). In practice their behaviors range from refusing to raise a hand against any human to avoiding deathblows and making sure nobody bleeds out to slaughtering any witnesses to prevent accusations from being made.
- Mermaid Melody Pichi Pichi Pitch's forbidding of relationships between mermaids and humans. Legend even stated that if a mermaid revealed her identity to a human, she would die, although the manga, at least, seems to show that this is not in fact true by introducing Hamasaki, a human with a known mermaid ancestor.
- In Sailor Moon, Sailor Pluto had three taboos: she was forbidden to leave the Space-Time Door, to bring others through it, and to stop time (it was said that using her power to stop time would result in her death). Nevertheless, she broke all three directives in both the first anime and the manga and got away with it, although she stopped time under different circumstances (in different Story arcs, even) and seemed to die immediately afterward, then came back with little explanation.
- In Tantei Gakuen Q, DDS students are not to parade their identity. Nonetheless, they whip out their notebooks whenever they hit a slight snag in operations and sometimes before then - and as of episode 34, it's only seriously backfired once.
- In Haruhi Suzumiya, Yuki Nagato's directive is to "observe and not interfere." She's violated that directive quite a number of times by book 10 of the light novels and will probably continue to do so for the near future.
- The Watchers from Marvel Comics have a non-interference oath that exists pretty much so that Uatu can break it, thereby establishing that the stakes are really high this time.
- The Watchers are very strict about their Prime Directive most of the time. In one case the universe was being destroyed and the Watchers (an entire race of people with power rivaling Galactus) went to watch the show.
- Deconstructed in Earth X, where the Watchers' oath turns out to exist so they can weasel out of preventing (and emotionally distance themselves from) the multiple genocides committed by their masters, the Celestials, as the latter carry out their plan to take over the universe. Uatu's violations are also explained- he only ever interceded when the fate of the world (literally, as he was out to protect the Celestial gestating inside Earth) was at stake.
- Lampshaded by a Celestial that the Watcher has broken his oath over four hundred times. Though for an immortal being that's lived billions of years, theoretically that means he doesn't violate it all that often.
Films — Animated
- In the Toy Story universe, toys seem to have an Obstructive Code Of Conduct. Toys must not allow themselves to be seen by humans while animate. This is never said explicitly, but judging from the fact that toys will either hide or "play dead" whenever a human comes by, it's probably safe to assume this. Woody makes a vague mention of this in the first movie, when he and the reassembled toys confront Sid.
Woody: We're going to have to break a few rules.
- Word of God is that involuntary instinct also plays a role (which explains why it's never made explicit).
- The "provisos and quid pro quos" of genies in Disney's Aladdin:
1. A genie can't make anyone simply fall in love (though they're allowed to play cupid mundanely).
2. A genie can't kill anyone (implicitly, even indirectly or non-magically — however, as is repeatedly warned, "you'd be surprised what you can live through ...")
3. A genie can't raise anyone from the dead.
There is an additional rule, saying that one cannot wish for extra wishes beyond the initial three.
- These were initially presented in the original movie as limitations on granted wishes, but became implicitly upgraded to general behavioral rules in the direct-to-video sequel (that also functioned as the pilot of the TV series).
- In fact, the third rule is followed by "It's not a pretty picture. I don't like doing it!" which might mean the genie in fact can raise people from the dead - but they would come back in whatever state of decomposition they had reached and/or he just doesn't want to.
- The second rule can be bent greatly. In the climactic scene of Aladdin: The Return of Jafar, Jafar opened up a pit of lava beneath Aladdin's feet, with only a few rapidly sinking towers of stone keeping him from a molten death.
Films — Live-Action
- Star Wars:
- The Sith have an age-old rule that there can be only two Sith at any given time — a master and an apprentice. They break this rule all the time, especially in the Expanded Universe, in which every villain from the movies seems to have two or three "secret apprentices." Sith are, by nature, afflicted with Chronic Backstabbing Disorder, their Gambit Pileups almost wiped out the entire order at at least one point, necessitating the rule to keep their combined treachery from accidentally wiping out the Sith entirely. The "secret apprentices" thing actually kinda abides by the spirit of this rule when you think about it; after all, it's a little difficult to backstab someone when you don't know they exist.
- The Jedi have their own creed, though never specifically stated in the movies. The promotional material for Episode II told us that "A Jedi Shall Not Know Anger. Nor Hatred. Nor Love". And in the Expanded Universe, the Jedi Code taught is:
There is no emotion; there is peace.
There is no ignorance; there is knowledge.
There is no passion; there is serenity.
There is no death; there is the Force.
- The eponymous character of Robocop follows a number of Prime Directives. While 'Serve the Public Trust', 'Protect the Innocent' and 'Uphold the Law' follow the code of conduct aspect of the trope, additional Sub-Directives have on occasion been programmed into Robocop as restraining bolts that keep him from doing his job effectively.
- In the Superman movie the reason given (though in a piecemeal and blink-or-you'll-miss-it way) for Superman's non-interference with the world on a large scale is that due to early interplanetary warfare an intergalactic law was set in place for people from one planet never to interfere with the course of history of another planet. To break it might cause more harm than good: it could start an intergalactic war. No prize for guessing whether he breaks it at the end anyway.
- Played with in the Pirates of the Caribbean series, with the Pirate's Code, primarily the invocation of parlay. In the first movie Barbossa alternately follows it like ironclad law, skirts around it or ignores it entirely ("They're more guidelines than actual rules"). It becomes something of a running joke through the first and second movies, until Captain Teague is called out in the third movie, along with a massive tome concept outlining the entire Code. It turns out the whole "guidelines" only applies on the seas where there's no one to enforce it, which one pirate speaking for his Pirate Lord learns Teague does very efficiently. The hilarious part? Parley is the sole right of the Pirate King. Huh...
- Highlander: Endgame had the villain violate the holy ground rule. This caused Fan Backlash so bad the bit mentioning holy ground was cut from the DVD release, leading to a plot hole instead. Fans took it badly that many of the worst villains abided by that rule, and material like the TV show inferred near-apocalyptic consequences to violating it (it was said the last time someone did it, "Vesuvius happened to Pompeii". Yet when the villain of Endgame did it, nothing happened).
- Despite being a particularly vile Jackass Genie, the titular djinn of Wishmaster actually has certain limitations to his magic. Namely, he can only expressly use his power in the granting of a wish. That said, he is very much a Manipulative Bastard, and invokes Literal Genie as well to basically make life hell for everyone but especially the protagonist, since the caveat left out of modern genie stories is that the third wish granted releases the hideously evil race of djinn that have been locked out of our world since ancient times.
- In the Harry Potter books, the wizarding world has hidden from the Muggle (non-magic) world since 1689, and the International Statute of Secrecy is one of their most important laws. The reasons given are "everyone'd want magical solutions to their problems" and "they'd persecute us"note . There are strict rules about performing magic in front of muggles and, if you're underage, anywhere outside of school. In essence, they amount to it having to be a life-or-death situation.
- Sector General: The Monitor Corps have an Alien Non-Interference Clause similar to that of Star Trek, meaning no contact before the discovery of FTL, but seemed to be much more reasonable with it, as they violated it four times during the series. Once was because a pandemic (although, through no fault of the person in charge, the cure resulted in a genocide), once was because of an environmental disaster, once was because the civilization was killing off another intelligent being on the planet (as well as itself), and once because the species involved were physically incapable of spaceflight, due to an inherent psychological problem.
- The Andalites of Animorphs have the Law of Seerow's Kindness forbidding them from sharing technology or other sensitive knowledge with aliens. It's named for Prince Seerow, who provided advanced technology to the then-primitive Yeerks. Prince Elfangor broke this law by giving morphing powers to the title characters.
- The Ellimist claims that, as a rule, he never interferes with mortal races, but in actual practice he finds many excuses to interfere.
- The Ellimist's rules are generally based on the game he plays with Crayak. Because both of them are so powerful that they could wreck the entire galaxy if they felt like it (their battles were at the stage where they were hurling planets and suns and even solar systems at each other, destroying what might have been an entire arm of the galaxy' and this was before they got their God-power upgrades), they have a rule that each time one interferes directly, the other is allowed a single action to balance it out. As a result, they fight their wars through proxies for the vast majority of the time.
- At the end of one of the Vampire Chronicles novels, the surviving oldest vampires make a pact to stop making any more vampires, even though their version of Conservation of Ninjutsu states that the more vampires are out there the less they need to feed. Lestat, the Magnificent Bastard that he is, goes ahead and forcibly turns David Talbot in the very next book.
- In the Heralds of Valdemar series, the Companions are spirit advisors in corporeal form for the eponymous Heralds, taking the shape of cool horses. Most of the time, they're under strict divine orders not to interfere with the course of events, supplying advice and intervention only when asked. This is strongly justified, as the gods want the Heralds to solve problems on their own rather than rely on the Companions as a personal source of Deus Ex Machinas, and because the Companions themselves are fallible and risk falling into the Omniscient Morality License trap. Sometimes, however, the Companions are seen to subtly (or not so subtly) influence things behind the scenes, and they get called out on this rather severely by Elspeth in Mage Winds.
- The Federation in Enchantress from the Stars has a very strict non-interference policy on developing civilizations. Field agents to Youngling planets often die rather than reveal their true nature.
- In Twilight and other related books, the Volturi enforce laws that all other vampires must follow: any humans who learn of vampires must be turned into vampires or killed, do not turn babies or toddlers into vampires, do not make alliances with werewolves, do not hunt in Volterra, do not lie to or defy The Volturi. The punishment is death, but they often bend the rules and invite vampires with special talents to join them.
- The Wheel of Time's Aes Sedai are magically bound by three prohibitions: they can't lie, they can't make weapons, and they can't use magic as a weapon except against Shadowspawn or as a last resort in self-defense. They are so well known for circumventing the prohibition against lying that they're invariably met with suspicion. The last prohibition, however, causes the Aes Sedai no end of trouble as they encounter groups bent on their annihilation that are not, technically, allied with the Shadow. They generally circumvent the problem by deliberately placing themselves in mortal danger until they feel that they have no alternatives to letting loose.
- The War Gods series has Wencit of Rūm, a wizard who's sworn to enforce the Strictures of Ottovar, that strictly forbid using magic against non-wizards except in direct and non-lethal self defense, and contain a strict dueling code for wizard to wizard action. Both instances of him joining combat include him enlisting the aid of non-wizards to work around the rules. For a dark wizard, fulfilling the requirements for Wencit to attack them means instant death.
- The Valar and Maiar are both limited in the amount of intervention they can take in Middle Earth. Considering that the times the Valar have intervened, entire continents have been sunk, they may have a point.
- Tenuous example... there's no written code or even hint of enforcement by Illuvatar, only a rather world-weary agreement that they should not use their full strength to oppose their enemies again, because the cure will probably be worse than the disease.
- The Ithkar Shared World anthologies from the '80s are set in a large fair that has sprung up around a religious site; the priests who administer the fair have strict rules that no magic not specifically authorized by the priesthood may be used within the fairgrounds. Consequently, stories often revolve around trying to deal with a conflict without using magic (or at least, without being caught using magic).
- In Andre Norton's Ice Crown, Roane's A Friend in Need to Princess Ludorica is against the rules. They will only reluctantly and after much study consider the possibility of breaking the Mind-Control Device that holds the planet's population in thrall. Roane might have escaped punishment through falling under the conditioning, but when she revolts and goes to rescue Nelis Imfray, she can never return.
- Vampires in the White Wolf's Tabletop RPG Vampire: The Requiem have three Traditions that they must follow or face the wrath of the elders:
: Vampires must not reveal their existence to mortals.
: Vampires must not devour the souls of other Vampires. Doing so gives them power, but drives them insane
3- Progeny: Vampires shall not create more of their own kind. When they do, the Childe's actions are the Sire's burden.
- In short, rule one and three are barely considered loose guidelines. Rule 2 is obviously considered a bad thing, mostly because Vampires expect it to be done to them next. They're usually right.
- The Camarilla from Vampire: The Masquerade had six Traditions which also needed to be followed to avoid the wrath of the elders:
1- Masquerade: Pretty much the same deal as in Requiem.
2- Domain: When a vampire has a domain, all others must owe that vampire respect when in it, and none may challenge their word. This is primarily used for princes.
3- Progeny: Vampires may not create others of their kind without their elder's (read: the prince's) permission, or else both they and their progeny will be slain.
4- Accounting: If you do create another vampire, you're responsible for them until such time as you release them, including any trouble they might get into.
5- Hospitality: When traveling to a foreign city, you must present yourself to the prince of that city and gain his acceptance.
6- Destruction: Vampires are forbidden to kill each other. The right of destruction belongs only to your elder (read: the prince), and only the eldest among vampires of a given city can call a Blood Hunt.
- As you might expect, many of these rules get bent or outright broken with some degree of regularity. The Camarilla is especially hard on those who break the Masquerade.
- Dungeons & Dragons: The Paladin in many incarnations of the game has one of these by design. For starters, they must always maintain an alignment of Lawful Good, and if they ever stray from it, they must atone and perform penance as prescribed by a high-level priest before they can call upon their powers again — but if the breach was intentional, their paladinhood is lost forever, and they must ever after be a fighter. In particular, any intentionally-committed evil act automatically forfeits your paladinhood. This often cuts off a wide range of traditional player character activities and can get the character into trouble when the choice is: damned if you do, dead if you don't. This is especially true if you have a Killer Game Master, who will often make paladins "fall" for such small things that it effectively becomes impossible to actually stay one for very long.
- Paladins could become anti-paladins, depending on alternate rule sets.
- The 1st and 2nd Edition paladin had several additional restrictions as well, such as not being able to own more than a few magic items. The 1E ranger was likewise limited in how many possessions could be owned, and had to be Good-aligned.
- Several other classes have alignment restrictions as well, although they aren't as stringent in that it takes a full-on alignment change to break this Code, not just a single act. Also, they don't lose their existing powers, they just can't advance any further in the class they've broken the Code of.
- Monks can't advance any further in that class if they take a level in a non-monk class.
- Removed in 4th Edition. Clerics and paladins can change their alignment and break codes later.
- In Unknown Armies, the Taboo of any magick-user is basically this. There are some behaviors that you cannot engage in, ever, or you weaken your power in some way. For example, the Taboo of a Healer Avatar is denying a cry for help. If they do so, they lose points in their Avatar skill.
- The Nobilis are bound by one of these, and risk being hauled in front of the Locust Court if they break it. There are five rules, ranging from the relatively mild (don't protect those from the justice of the Code), to the annoying and inconvenient ("treat no beast as your lord", which technically prohibits things like doing your mortal job), to the actively harmful (don't harm those who have done no harm, which sounds nice but also means you can't sort out Excrucians until they're engaged in an active flower rite), to the borderline impossible (thou shalt not love). Admittedly, that last one exists mainly to ensure that everyone is guilty of something.
- In BattleTech the downfall of the Clan invasion was their insistence on a dueling code called "zellbrigen", while this was fine when fighting with other Clans the Inner Sphere didn't follow zellbrigen and got the better of many better armed and trained Clan warriors. Eventually the Clans decided that zellbrigen didn't apply to non-Clanners but by then the invasion was doomed.
- There is one in Kingdom Hearts; do not meddle in the affairs of other worlds except to protect them from The Heartless, but it has been so blatantly violated through BOTH games that no one really cares anymore.
- Donald and Goofy care throughout the first game; at the end of the first game, they get ready to leave Sora for good, never to see him again (and can't bring themselves to say goodbye, opting to sneak away as Sora unites with Kairi and his own homeworld). But things happen and they still stick together; the beginning of the second game has a subtle "fuck that" moment on Donald and Goofy's part and no one brings it up again.
- In the end, it's really only there as the reason that other protagonists don't tag along. Aladdin offers to back Sora up once Jasmine is safe but is denied because "That would be meddling"...only for you to immediately after get the Genie summon which promptly spits in the face of that with no comment. And let's be honest, Donald and Goofy are meant to be main characters but most of us would swap them out in a heartbeat for real heavy hitters like Tarzan or the Beast.
- The gods of Mortal Kombat abide by a highly restrictive set of rules set forth by the Elder Gods. This greatly limits the options available to the heroes, as the Elder Gods are often willing to stand idly by in the face of great evil. Made a bit simpler in Mortal Kombat 9. There is one rule for the Elder Gods. "Do not attempt to merge the realms, without winning Mortal Kombat." Everything else is okay. The climax is convincing Shao Kahn to break this ONE RULE.
- In El Goonish Shive, Immortals are not allowed to do more than empower and guide humans when they deal with matters on the physical plane of the universe or they incur the wrath of other Immortals.
- One episode of Mr Deity has the titular god refusing to help out on Earth because it would violate the Prime Directive. Larry spends most of the episode trying to convince Mr. Deity that he's getting his own rules confused with Star Trek.
- The Caretaker Gods of Orion's Arm have an active version of this. They prevent terragen lifeforms (anything with an ancestry going back to Earth) from contacting various planets, moon and solar systems that they have declared to be protected. This includes Old Earth itself.
- Mining Magnate Gina Rhinehart's attempt to buy out Fairfax Newspapers in Australia in order to promote her views (something which left-wingers feel Rupert Murdoch's papers do for free). She is now the largest shareholder, but is unable to take a seat on the board unless she signs a clause guaranteeing the papers' editorial independence, which she refuses to do.