A setting with No Poverty has no poor. Take a moment to parse that sentence. Something which has eluded human civilization has been achieved: this is a world where no one is homeless, everyone eats three full meals a day, and society casts no one out. The elderly, physically and mentally ill are cared for, and probably even have jobs. There is no-one at the bottom of the pyramid; or at least, the base is not such a bad place to be. This is not a change to human condition that authors are likely to take lightly; it's usually treated as a pretty big deal. The weight of this idea is such that many writers will use it as the central premise to their setting, and may even pen a full blown Author Tract about the way their Utopia came to be. Maybe Alternate Universe Reed Richards Is Awesome, The Singularity brought total equality, matter replicators and infinite energy machines made scarcity disappear, or a revolutionary philosopher/economist came along and taught humanity a new way to go about civilization that doesn't marginalize anyone. Whatever the case, someone(s) have made it so that characters can only be poor or indigent by choice, and can almost effortlessly access a support network that would elevate them out of it. If characters native to this setting encounter a vagrant or someone in poverty (this may require Time Travel, visiting alien worlds, or going to a remote and uncivilized place) they'll be confused and horrified at the concept (and running into active slavery will cause fits). Expect these kinds of worlds to be called out as Mary Suetopias. Authors can potentially minimize this trope and use it only as a minor part of the Backstory of their setting, making only passing references to how it was achieved. This is likely a form of Conservation of Detail to avoid distracting viewers from the focus of the story (like space exploration or magical adventures). The risk here is that treating it too glibly may make viewers lose their Willing Suspension of Disbelief "Wait, you're telling me nanomachines made everyone rich? How?!" Furthermore, an additional issue that is rarely pointed out is that even with an environment in which everyone has more money, there would still likely be an inequality of income. It would just be that there would be more goods overall and the rich would now have even higher extravagant displays of wealth. It's also possible that rather than be applied to humans, this trope be used by aliens, a fantasy races, or a subgroup of humanity. There may be some Cultural Posturing involved on the part of these peoples. And then there's always the subversion where the lack of poverty was achieved at the cost of society becoming a Dystopia. Compare and contrast Eat the Rich, Kill the Poor.
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Anime and Manga
- In the anime No. 6 the titular No. 6 appears to have no poverty and be a utopia. It has been designed that way.
- In Superman: Red Son, the Global Soviet Union, led by Superman, becomes a utopia nannystate where poverty (and crime, hunger, starvation, etc) are eliminated.
Superman: Every adult had a job, every child had a hobby, and the entire human population enjoyed the full eight hours of sleep they required.
- President Lex Luthor manages to turn a struggling, waning American economy around by using a "strict, internal market where he had absolute control over every dollar bill".
- There was a hidden tribe in Africa in Planetary that lived in an Advanced Ancient Acropolis with no poverty and super advanced science.
- Played with in DC One Million; in a society based on dataflow, the "information poor" don't appear to be struggling by our standards, but have a desperation about them that reminds The Flash of "kids who'd mug you for your sneakers".
- True in a weird way in Baravada in With Strings Attached. In that dying anarchy of crumbling infrastructure, the gods always have work and loans for anyone who needs them (though woe betide you if you refuse to work to pay your loan back), so nobody starves or lacks for any material possessions—not that the skahs, at least, want much. It's a measure of how worthless money is to the skahs that Brox and Grunnel gave their entire hoard to the Thirders in exchange for a little information. Well, it's clear that Baravadans use money out of habit rather than economics.
- Naboo in Star Wars. The government figures and civilians alike dress like Venetian noblemen from the Renaissance, and even the Gungans, supposedly ostracized from society, live in glittering bubble-cities underwater. It makes Amidala's later claims of widespread economic depression, to the point of starvation, very hard to swallow, as the city always looks unblemished and no such hardship is ever shown. This is largely due to the fact that it is stated to be a capital planet. In Attack of the Clones, the miners on the moons of Naboo were initially blamed for the attempted assassination attempt on Padme, so there was some unrest due to this inequality presumably.
- Hot Fuzz has Sandford in Gloucestershire. Seemingly has no poverty or crime problem whatsoever, being the living ideal of any English village. Turns out there is a very grim reason for that.
- In The Third Millenium: A History of the World 2000 - 3000 A.D., virtually the entire population of the world is middle class by the end of the millenium. While this was partially due to technological and political reasons, the death of the "lost billion" in the 22nd century and the radical global tax code changes of the 28th century (which effectively exiled most of the planet's super - wealthy offworld) also played a critical role.
- In Macrolife, this is true of the civilization within the "urban levels" of the Asterome, a colony ship roughly 200 km across.
- In the Vorkosigan Saga, there are no really poor people on Beta Colony, their understanding of the term refers to people without a computer in the home, and even that is unheard of since access to information is guaranteed by the government. Cordelia has trouble getting her head around the concept on Barrayar, where illiteracy and starvation are everyday occurances in the rural areas.
Cordelia: Beta Colony doesn't really have dregs, we sort of stop at lower middle class.
- Ivan Yefremov's Andromeda Nebula makes this trope one of a central points of its Utopia narrative. While there are examples of conscious self-limiting, no one really comprehends what it is to not have access to everything one needs, never mind not being able to eat enough each day.
- The backstory of The Wheel of Time establishes the Age of Legends to have been like this. While there was still inequality, nobody lacked food or shelter.
- True of The Culture, but then the the Culture is also considered a post-scarcity society, so material concerns are relatively irrelevant. Look to Windward plays with it a bit, mentioning that the privilege of attending a limited seating unique event got people pleading and bartering favors just to get a chance to attend.
- Voyage from Yesteryear by James P. Hogan is set on a planet where all physical resources are abundantly available. Consequently, the inhabitants never bothered to develop a monetary system.
- In The Kingkiller Chronicle, Kvothe visits the homeland of the Adem, a society funded by their world-class mercenaries. He notes that everyone lives simply, but in great comfort.
- Played with in Isaac Asimov's The Caves of Steel where health care, accommodation and education are universal and nobody goes hungry, except that what lower-class people get to eat and where they have to live, although nourishing and clean, is still not up to the same standards as more valued members of society.
- And all of it comes at a cost of hyper-dense population that essentially mitigates overpopulation. The protagonist mentions that his having a sink is a show of status—and even he has no restroom in his personal quarters, having to use a public restroom nearby.
- Played straight in the sequel, The Naked Sun, where Solaria has no poverty... because the resources of the entire planet are shared between twenty thousand people. The Robots of Dawn has it somewhere in between; Dr. Fastolfe states that each person has a reasonable share of the goods (there are two hundred million people on Aurora), but a barber's house is noticeably shabbier than a roboticist's. Some people are even too poor to afford household robots - or would have been, except for the fact a robot is provided by the society in such cases.
- This is more or less the case for the small colony world of Hitchemus in Eighth Doctor Adventures novel The Year of Intelligent Tigers. The planet's entire landmass is slightly smaller than England and has a positively tiny population mostly catering to musicians, all of whom receive a livable stipend as long as they're working on something that involves the creation of music. It's pretty heavily implied that the only way it can function is through tourist revenue and a significant amount of off-world funding, but it really is that nice for people living there. Though, as Anji mentally grumbles, if you aren't a big music buff it gets boring and annoying pretty quick. And Hitchemus does have a rather nasty tiger problem...
Live Action Television
- In Star Trek it's mentioned that poverty is effectively no longer an issue in 24th century Earth. By the time of The Next Generation transporters and replicators make most things so cheap that money is kind of pointless, making this is one of the reasons people of the 24th century tend to question the moral character of anyone from the 21st century. As the series creator put it, Earth has become a world where "no one is hungry, and no one's in need, and all of the children know how to read."
- Then Star Trek: Deep Space Nine came along and deconstructed this. Because Earth has no money, they've lost the concept of the value of work (Jake at one point asks Nog to give up his entire life's savings for a baseball card, and thinks Nog's the one being unreasonable when he refuses) and they're too much of an ivory-tower utopia to really appreciate the troubles that happen out in the rest of the universe.
- Then again the reason why the Federation abandoned money (other than replicators making it pointless) is that they don't see wealth the same way we do. They understand work just fine, after all, Jake spends most of that episode doing a number of tasks for crew members in order. "They work to better others and ourselves."
- Jake does this with guidance from Nog and is essentially trading favors, or work for goods or goods for goods throughout the episode. He's just not using currency to facilitate the exchanges.
- As goldplated-latinum is often used as currency one might argue that the no-money thingy could have been a simple cultural misunderstanding by time-travelers
- In addition it is primarily Earth that has this condition, many of the other planets in the Federation lack this, having not officially adopted the policies of a post-scarcity economy. Still, the technology that allows the elimination of scarcity remains available, so even Federation worlds that still have currency often have a very high standard of living.
- Dune Chronicles Of The Imperium main rules. On the Imperial capital planet of Kaitain, the capital city of Corrinth has no poverty.
- Warhammer 40,000 has this, but not where you'd expect it as the faction without poverty (comparatively) are the Orks. How come? Orks use their teeth as money and Ork teeth regrow constantly while inside the mouth, but sooner or later will inevitably rot when knocked out, which keeps the economy stable and so every Ork has a near unlimited income. Though Played With. Yes, Orks generate their own currency naturally over time, but so do Grots, who are part of the same economic system. However, Grot teef are a lot smaller and worth a lot less than that of Orks, meaning that Grots are almost always much more poor than the larger Orks. And speaking of larger, Orks grow bigger with success, and have a very Might Makes Right philosophy. Bigger Orks will often just take the teef of smaller Orks. Those Orks who cannot beat their way up the social hierarchy a little will find themselves always struggling to afford some decent gear.
- In Eclipse Phase habitats using a "New" economy give everyone enough daily resources for their Nanofabricators that no one starves and they can make most products without paying.
- Utopia, Limited:
King: We have solved the labour question with discrimination polished
So poverty is obsolete and hunger is abolished.
Flowers of Progress: We are going to abolish it in England!
- Hostile Waters has widespread use of nano-assemblers that can create practically everything from its base components and (apparently solar- and fusion-based) energy. This has led to eliminating poverty by ensuring ready access to the assemblers for anyone: Anyone capable of accessing an assembler can obtain food, clothing and basic healthcare needs freely. The other result was the end of capitalism, money and the private market.
- In a deleted line from Portal 2, GLaDOS mocks Chell with this idea.
GLaDOS: Did you know I found a way to eradicate poverty? But then you killed me. So that's gone.
- The Qunari in Dragon Age, due to their staggeringly totalitarian society that slots every individual into their role and forces them to stick with it for the good of the entire society. They don't have poverty in the same way that a bee hive doesn't have poverty.
- The Simpsons: in "You Only Move Twice" Homer gets headhunted for a job in a Company Town. In order to encourage the family to move he shows them a video made by the company which displays signs of No Poverty. It shows an ugly suburb transforming into a perfect community; parking meters become trees, abandoned warehouses become coffee shops, and a bum becomes a mailbox.
Marge: I keep expecting to get the bum's rush.
Hank Scorpio: We don't have bums, Marge, and if we did they wouldn't rush, they'd be allowed to go at their own pace.