The third book in Isaac Asimov's "Robot Trilogy". Elijah "Lije" Baley, now a leader in a movement encouraging humans on Earth to learn to live outside the confines of their domed cities, is summoned to the de facto capital world of the Spacers, Aurora to solve a murder mystery. Once again he will partner with R. Daneel Olivaw (the "R" stands for "Robot") and once again will he face political intrigue alongside seemingly impossible circumstances to solve the crime and get his man.Sequel to The Naked Sun and The Caves of Steel. The Robots of Dawn features a slightly softer brand of science fiction than the previous two books in the series. It also introduces the character of R. Giskard Reventlov, who would go on to star in Robots and Empire, the sequel to the Robot Trilogy and bridging novel between that series and chronologically later parts of Asimov's greater canon.
Aerith and Bob: Auroran names mentioned range from Han and Fanya to Santirix and Rutilan.
Androids and Detectives: While the actual partnering aspect is downplayed in this novel, the dichotomy between Lije and Daneel (as well as Lije and Giskard) is still in full effect.
Always Murder: With the twist this time - the victim is a humanoid robot, like Daneel.
The trope is subverted a bit: Lije Bailey assumes that nothing but a murder would be sufficient reason to allow himself, an Earthman, onto a Spacer world. When he points out that the victim was a machine and thus 'destruction of property' he is informed that the law doesn't consider it serious either (in fact, it is stated outright that there is no case at all - the robot was supposedly shut down by its owner) - but there are attempts to use the case for political reasons.
Author Filibuster: Asimov (through Gladia) goes on at some length a couple times in the book on the nature of sex.
Also some veiled commentary on the dangers of social stasis emanating from a lack of eagerness to explore outer space.
Authority in Name Only: Zigzagged. The Chairman of the Legislature is officially the head of the state. He was intended to have purely ceremonial power, and is even supposed have a vote only in case of a tie. However, the Aurorans' dislike for political conflict eventually gave the post a lot of real power - as a mediator in case of political disputes.
Big Bad: Kelden Amadiro, Fastolfe's rival, has ill intentions toward Earth, and targets Lije and Fastolfe as symbols of his intentions.
Big Good: Han Fastolfe, though his demeanor is highly worrying. He does admit to having impulses to disregard certain sensibilities in the name of scientific research, but defends himself on the basis that he has not and would not follow(ed) through on them.
Bluffing the Murderer: Lije tricks Amadiro into stating he conducted experiments on Jander in front of witnesses.
The Butler Did It: A variation. The case is closed successfully, but nobody, except for Baley who figures it out shortly before leaving, finds out that Giskard was the one that shut down Jander.
Canon Welding: This book marks the beginning of Asimov welding the Robot stories with his Foundation series. Numerous references are made to "psychohistory" and humanity creating a "Galactic Empire." Also, for anyone in doubt as to whether the Lije Baily/R. Daneel Olivaw books have any connection to his other robot stories, references are made to Susan Calvin (in particular the short story "Liar"), as well as "Bicentennial Man".
Chekhov's Gun: Giskard came to Lije's rescue during an agoraphobic panic attack on the spaceship approaching Aurora, even though he was outside and Daneel was inside the room at the time.
Gladia's strong resemblance with Vasilia.
The Chessmaster: R. Giskard Reventlov. He used his psychic abilities to prevent Amadiro from utilizing R. Jander Panell for his plan, subtly influence Gladia, Fastolfe and the Chairman to allow Baley to work on the case, while keeping himself beyond suspicion. He did this to test and examine Baley to see for himself if Fastolfe was right in his belief that Earth's people are humanity's hope in populating the galaxy and developing a more stable society.
Crapsaccharine World: Previous books have held up Aurora as a utopian society emblematic of the "superior" Spacer culture. After a relatively brief look on Lije's part demonstrates certainaspects of that culture, he (and likely the reader) comes to the conclusion that this is so much Cultural Posturing and hogwash. It is true that the Spacers' standard of living is much higher than Earth's, but apart from the lack of poverty, there is no real evidence that the Spacers are any happier for it.
The Determinator: Lije. Having to face his most crippling fears may slow him down, but they will not stop him.
Dogged Nice Guy: Santirix Gremionis, first to Vasilia, then Gladia. They both reject him but remain friends with him for different reasons.
The Dog Was the Mastermind: Giskard, though not really a villainous example (he had a good reason to shut down Jander). However, the truth remains only between him and Baley.
Dystopia: Aurora (and the Spacer worlds generally). Everyone lives a very luxurious existence, but rampant self-centered behavior makes most people extremely borderline to the point where it is amazing they can function as a society at all.
Epiphanic Prison: Giskard's opinion is that Earth's people are the ones who'll have to colonize the Galaxy... because they, at least, can see the walls of their prison.
Foreign Cuisine: Baley has trouble stomaching Auroran coffee. The rest of the time, it's subverted.
Free-Love Future: Aurora is a completely sexually open society, so much that (according to Gladia), sex became pretty much boring with no emotional contact. Dr. Fastolfe insisted that she exaggerates (being a desperate woman who came from No Sex Allowed society), and in reality, sex is not taken that lightly. He, himself, is considered somewhat weird for being monogamous while married. On the other hand his 'current wife' is invisible throughout the crisis as he sees no reason to inflict his troubles on her - which pretty much shows how deep marital commitment isn't on Aurora. The fact that his refusal to have sex with his own daughter after raising her himself is seen as weird even by the doctor is another hint that things are... off there.
Guile Hero: Lije, of course. He's a detective, and has very little in the way of resources to work with.
Ice Queen: Dr. Vasilia Aliena, Fastolfe's estranged daughter. She's cold, calculating and dismissive of most people, including harboring a deep disdain for her father. The only one she softens around is Giskard, who was both her robot nanny and childhood friend.
I Never Said It Was Poison: Amadiro slips up when he refers to Jander as Gladia's husband, since it proves he had been in contact with Jander. The only other person who could have told him that fact was Gladia herself, but not only was it widely known that the two were not on speaking terms, she never discussed this relationship with any outsider.
Ironic Name: The Spacers. Despite their proud claim to the name and heritage, most Spacers never leave the planets they are born on, despite living for centuries. In fact, they have become so risk-averse and unwilling to tolerate any discomfort that they are wholly incapable of carrying out further space exploration or colonization. They know it too, which is why Amadiro is so hellbent on creating new Spacer worlds colonized entirely by humaniform robots.
MacGuffin: The Big Bad wants Daneel, the first (and, to some, best) humanoid robot for study purposes.
Mythology Gag: Fastolfe refers to an incident mentioned in the I, Robot books, about the robot that, through an accident, became psychic, and ended up with his brain fried when he was caught in a paradox where, whatever he did, he would harm someone. Serves as a Chekhov's Gun when it turns out that Giskard is actually psychic, and the next book states that it is because he was experimented on.
Psychic Powers: The final plot twist is that Giskard is both the real killer and a psychic robot. He puts a lock on Lije's mind, preventing Lije from ever revealing Giskard's powers, even accidentally. This is also what makes this book softer on the Mohs Scale of Sci-Fi Hardness than its predecessors.
Ridiculously Human Robots: Daneel is humanoid in appearance and somewhat in behavior, but unlike on Solaria and Earth, where such a robot would be unimaginable, the Aurorans are not fooled in the least.
Robotic Spouse: Examined. Gladia comes to think of Jander as her husband, but keeps it secret. Despite Aurora's sexual liberalism, robots are looked at purely as tools, and an emotionally intimate relationship with one is strange enough that Gladia fears being stigmatized for it. It doesn't help that the Auroran definition of marriage implies the possibility of having children, and Jander isn't nearly that advanced.
Sequel Gap: Published 26 years after The Naked Sun.
Sex Bot: Unlike the Robotic Spouse trope, no Auroran ever raises an eyebrow upon learning Gladia used Jander as one.
Shoot the Dog: Giskard induced Jander into stasis to prevent Amadiro from completing his experimentation on him.
Utopia Justifies the Means: Amadiro doesn't much care who gets hurt in his quest to populate the Galaxy with Aurora colonies indistinguishable from the original.
Your Cheating Heart: Gladia and Lije have a brief but loving affair, though he's still married to Jessie. In the end they both agree there can be no truly happy outcome for them as Baley and especially Gladia will have to sacrifice too much to be together.