Members of the feudal military class, they had considerable social status, and after the end of the 16th century until the mid-19th century they were the only Japanese legally allowed to own swords (with the exception of swords having blades less than 24 inches, which were legally considered wakizashi and legal for non-samurai to own).

Theoretically, samurai were supposed to follow the bushido code of honor, which stressed loyalty to one's master, self discipline and respectful, ethical behavior. However, the degree to which individual samurai actually adhered to bushido (which as a formal concept may be Newer Than They Think, according to historians) varied about as much as the degree to which individual knights in Europe adhered to the code of chivalry — which is to say, you could find everything from bandits in armor to saints of the battlefield. Although women could be and frequently were warriors, the social and military rules for them were somewhat different than for men (and the word samurai itself, being inherently linguistically masculine, was/is not technically used for females).

A popular misconception holds that the samurai were the counter-culture to the ninja; that is, whereas samurai tend to came from the upper classes and were honorable warriors who fight face to face and use no "dirty" tricks, ninjas tend to be from the lower classes, were skilled at unorthodox warfare and would not hesitate to use backstabbing, poison, or spying to gain the upper hand. This is commonly seen in works featuring ninjas, in which samurai and ninja were either depicted as mortal enemies, or ninjas being mercenaries hired by the samurai to do the unsavory wetwork honorable samurai would not do. However, the aforementioned depiction is not historically accurate. In Real Life, while some ninjas were mercenaries, most ninjas were actually samurai themselves. The idea that the ninja were something separate from the rest of Japanese society came about during the Edo period (a 250 year long period of peace), after Tokugawa Ieyasu became shogun and unified the country. Edo-period samurai started assuming the values of the court-aristocracy, while simultaneously resurrecting centuries-disused aspects of the samurai honor code from before the Mongol invasion, and didn't like to talk about actual warfare—they also pretended they were primarily swordsmen, while the main role of the samurai was actually Horse Archers (and warfare in the century before the Edo Period involved extensive use of gunpowder weapons, another useful implement of war the samurai distanced themselves from during the Edo Period). Many modern historians believe the entire concept of ninjas being the counter-culture to the samurai was invented by Edo-period novelists to avoid showing recently gentrified samurai involved in anything remotely dishonorable.

Subtypes of the samurai commonly seen in anime include the Kid Samurai and the Ronin, a samurai without a master to serve whose 'low class' status is sometimes designed to be more identifiable.

One thing you won't hear a lot about in samurai fiction is the practice of shudo, which means "the way of the young." Shudo was a form of pederasty that was commonly practiced by the samurai class, and was considered a very high and noble form of love. The practice fell out of favor during the Meiji Restoration due to cultural influence from Europe (which preferred its boys to be prostitutes - facilitating plausible deniability - rather than publicly-acknowledged lovers). Shudo has often been the victim of omission and whitewashing in both fiction and historical accounts, though it occasionally crops up in the Yaoi Genre.

Samurai are popular heroes in period stories, and no few anime feature them. Such heroes, naturally enough, tend to be paragons. Outright subversions tend to be for specific characters and even then usually criticizing the upper class as a whole. Samurai and their code of ethics were featured heavily in Japanese military propaganda during the early twentieth century. For obvious reasons, they are much less popular in certain Asian countries.

When samurai are presented negatively, expect them to be wearing their full armor, including an elaborately designed and intimidating helmet. When they're being presented as paragons, expect them to at least be helmet-less, or sometimes wearing nothing but a Hakama. Speaking of samurai armor, it was usually made of leather-backed iron scales laced with silk, or later on, iron or steel lames riveted together. While it was often coated with lacquer to prevent moisture from rusting the metal, it was never made of wood like some sources claim.

Not to be confused with the Cyber Punk "Street Samurai" character type. A more modern take is the Corporate Samurai, who takes the general ethos of the samurai and applies it to a modern setting. The Distaff Counterpart is Yamato Nadeshiko, a Japanese woman expected to be loyal, respectable and capable of fighting.

See also Jidai Geki. Japanese Spirit also incorporates a lot of old samurai tropes and virtues into modern manga.


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    Anime and Manga 
  • The band of brothers who make up The Hakkenden.
  • One episode of Haré+Guu started showing samurai fighting a war in feudal Japan. Turns out Guu was just watching TV.
  • Mazinger Z: In episode 26 Dr. Hell praised Kouji Kabuto, stating that he had to have blood samurai because he was a strong, courageous and tenacious warrior, right like a samurai.
  • Rurouni Kenshin is set in the late 19th Century during the Meiji Period of Japan, a few years after the abolition of the Samurai caste. A major part of the story centers around the last generation of Samurai trying to adjust to life in post-feudal Japan. The main character, Himura Kenshin, is sometimes described as a Samurai being a highly skilled swordsman but he was never actually a member of the Samurai caste, coming from a poor farming family. He also plays with this trope a bit seeming to fully obey Bushido while acting as Battousai and disobeying it when in his less violent state of mind, preventing many fellow Samurai from committing Seppuku, dishonoring them.
  • House of Five Leaves: The main character and a few others.
  • Jin in Samurai Champloo is the most prominent example, as is anyone in the show related to his past. There's also the "Samurai who smells of sunflowers" who Fuu convinces Jin and Mugen to help her track down he's her father, and a Japanese Christian. Also worth noting is that while serving as the narrator, Manzo the Saw comments explicitly on the homosexual practices of samurai noted above.
  • Ryoko Mitsurugi in Real Bout High School.
  • Bleach: Soul Society is modeled on medieval Japan. With the Soul Reapers filling the role of the samurai class, emphasis is placed on courage, loyalty and obedience. Particular examples include Byakuya and Komamura, whose zanpakutous sometimes manifest as warriors wearing traditional armour.
  • Manji and a number of other characters in Blade of the Immortal most however are just "thugs that just happen to be born into nobility" (like most were during the 18th-century).
  • While not an actual samurai, Juubei from Get Backers seems to follow the same basic honor code, to the point where characters will actually use the word when describing himboth flatteringly and not-so-flatteringly.
  • Hatsu from Tower of God. Even though he is Korean, he follows a strict code of honor similar to that of a samurai. Also, he wields katana.
  • Ohgami Itto from Lone Wolf and Cub, along with many other characters.
  • Ken Akamatsu's use of the Shinmeiryuu sword school in his stories (Love Hina, Mahou Sensei Negima!) is a way for him to bring samurai into the setting, because Everything's Better with Samurai. That and to depict Implausible Fencing Powers.
  • Gintama in all its wacky glory.
  • Naruto
    • The Kage Summit arc introduces the Land of Iron, which is a neutral country with no ties to any ninja villages, defended by samurai, who wear armor similar to stormtroopers. The samurai are stated to be a powerful military and even the regular samurai are able to use Laser Blade and Sword Beam techniques to destructive effects. Of the samurai, only three are named: Mifune, the leader of the samurai and a master of Iai; Okisuke, Mifune's bodyguard who is a scarred and bald man wielding two swords; and Urakaku, who is Mifune's other bodyguard, though few details are known about him. As might be expected, all of them but Mifune instantly lose any fight against a named character.
    • Gato's henchmen are referred to as Samurai. While technically, they could be samurai (but are more likely to be a pair of bandits who only carry that name because they serve one of the world's richest men), their adherence to the Bushido code leaves much to be desired.
  • Greatshot in Transformers Victory is modelled on a samurai - in the Japanese version, he even has the appropriate speech pattern.
  • In School Rumble, Harry (the American) is freaked out when he first sees Harima's partially shaven head, mistakenly assuming that it is a "Samurai haircut." He later refers to Harima as "the one with the Samurai haircut," and seems to be under the impression that Harima is some sort of super warrior for awhile.
  • Amidamaru from Shaman King.
  • Mifune of Soul Eater, arguably the strongest character with no special powers to swing a blade.
  • Lupin III: Goemon Ishikawa XIII, descendant of the real historical figure/folk hero of the same name. The historical Goemon was closer to a Ninja version of Robin Hood than a Samurai, though he may have been born into a Samurai family. XIII himself is actually what we call a Ronin, but is never called that In-Universe.
  • Micaiah Chevelle of Magical Girl Lyrical Nanoha Vi Vid
  • In addtion to sharing the surname of a Japanese World War II ace, Major Mio Sakamoto from Strike Witches is modeled after the historical image of a samurai—she puts honor above everything, is protective of her subordinates, and lives to fight. Plus, she has a katana.
  • Hanaukyō Maid Tai. Chief Security maid Konoe Tsurugi, in demeanor and military training.
  • Graham Aker of Gundam 00 adopts the way of bushido in the second season, despite being American. His idea of the code of bushido was also rather skewed, considering he only cared about fighting his Worthy Opponent and was extremely disrespectful to his superiors. This got played up to such an extent that his In-Series Nickname became "Mr. Bushido". He even dolls up his personal mobile suits with armor and weaponry designed to evoke samurai imagery. It is subverted in that many people, in universe and out, consider him a total idiot for these actions, which he drops in time for The Movie.
  • In The Prince of Tennis, Rikkaidai sub-captain Genichirou Sanada follows several of the stereotypes associated with the samurais. He's Tall, Dark and Handsome, extremely stern and proud (or tries to be, does NOT tolerate anything similar to indiscipline, is a Heir to the Dojo specialized in kendo, etc.
  • In Yu-Gi-Oh! 5D's, Sherry's Battle Butler Mizoguchi uses a deck based on the concept. While hardly a Samurai himself, Mizoguchi follows a code he believes is similar to bushido, comparing it to his desire and willingness to protect Sherry at all costs.
  • Senki Zesshou Symphogear has Tsubasa Kazanari, whose personality is based on that of a warrior. She vows her life for the battle, frequently calls herself as a sword and sentinel, and her Armed Gear has a katana as its default form. Additionally, her battle songs feature traditional Japanese instrumentals.
  • A kid known only as Samurai was the very first one-shot character to appear in the Pokémon anime, in the episode "Challenge of the Samurai". He dressed like a samurai and used bug-type Pokemon.
  • Shigurui exists partially to call out the darker, more screwed-up parts of samurai culture, in response to the romanticization of samurai and feudal Japan in Japanese culture.
  • In One Piece, Samurai are the skilled swordsmen of the Country of Wa, whose skill is so great, that they are successfully independent from the World Government. When the Straw Hat Pirates enter the New World, they meet three of them: Kin'emon, his son Momonosuke and his friend Kanjuro. There is a big Culture Clash between the groups, and due to Wa's isolationist policy, are rather out of place in there. They also are unaware of what their own Devil's Fruit powers are, as well.


    Fan Work 



    Live Action TV 
  • Super Sentai finally got around to using a samurai theme in 2009 with Samurai Sentai Shinkenger.
  • After his appearance in the drama Fuurin Kazan, Gackt started getting cast in roles as a Samurai. Since then he has been cast as a Samurai in the upcoming movie Bunraku, as Nemuri Kyoshiro in a theater play, and was one of the main features of Koei's Samurai Festival.
  • The recurring sketch on SNL where John Belushi plays a samurai dressed like Yojimbo speaking pidgin Japanese in various jobs like "Samurai Delicatessen" or "Samurai Hotel" with Buck Henry always as a customer.
  • Highlander had an episode entitled 'The Samurai', where Duncan washes up in Japan during its isolationist period. Samurai Hideo Koto helps him even though it's illegal and he should kill him. Eventually, he gives Duncan his signature katana and when he's told the Emperor's men are coming, he commits seppuku with Duncan as his second. Duncan much later helps his descendant because of a promise he made to the family.
  • All of the Riders in Kamen Rider Gaim are based on different kinds of warriors, but the samurai motif gets special treatment as being that of both The Hero and the Anti-Villain that serves as the main antagonist.


    Tabletop Games 
  • The Samurai class in Dungeons & Dragons 3.5 (while seen as possibly the worst basic class in the game if one doesn't count NPC classes like Commoner note ) is contrasted with the Paladin in the text, with it being noted that the Paladin might ask if an order given by one's superior is just, while a Samurai would say to that Paladin "You dishonor the lord by questioning his orders".
  • Legend of the Five Rings plays the trope very straight, and actually gets a fair number of the societal details right as well - although Bushido is a somewhat bigger deal than it was in real life, primarily for dramatic purposes.
  • In Pathfinder, the samurai is a sub-class of the cavalier. Ironically, despite the fact that the samurai is perhaps an iconic Lawful-requiring class, the Pathfinder samurai has no alignment restriction, nor does its parent the cavalier. This is particularly noteworthy when contrasted with D&D, where they both had to be Lawful, and especially since Pathfinder does retain many of the classic alignment-restrictions on classes (The Paladin must be Lawful Good, bards and barbarians must be Chaotic, druids must be Neutral, monks must be Lawful).
  • The samurai creature type in Magic: The Gathering, introduced in Kamigawa. All of them have Bushido as a keyword ability. Notable examples are Toshiro Umezawa and Daimyo Konda.
  • In the Yu-Gi-Oh! card game, there are the Six Samurai, and the forbearers, the Legendary Six Samurai.

    Video Games 

     Visual Novels 

  • The Webcomic Harkovast features a samurai called Shogun as one of its main protagonists.
  • In The Order of the Stick Miko and the rest of the Sapphire Guard are samurai. Though as she tried to explain to Elan that's not her character class (see D&D), their class is paladin and samurai is simply a title.
  • No Need for Bushido has aplenty.

    Web Original 

    Western Animation 
  • Ironically in Transformers Animated, Prowl was a noble ninja, which is technically impossible. But when he put on an upgrade that looked just like Samurai Armour, he turned into an arrogant, callous jackass. He later gets it back. At which point he learns not to be a jackass while using it, and uses the armor for the rest of the season.
  • Samurai Jack: Jack, naturally. (Many fans, however, have pointed out that Jack fits the title of "ronin" better, at least according to traditional terms, as he is a Samurai with no liege.)
  • Beast Wars has Dinobot, a Predacon/Maximal who refuses to accept dishonorable means of victory (such as slipping) as valid and, in the end, proves his loyalty to the Maximals, albeit at the cost of his own life. His robot-mode helmet also evokes a samurai, as does his sword (which is quite reminiscent of a katana); the contemplation of harakiri after he percieves himself as having failed the Maximals also invokes the thought of a samurai comitting harakiri after failing his master.


    Real Life 
  • Yagyu Jubei
  • Miyamoto Musashi
  • Etsu Inagaki Sugimoto an immigrant to America and the writer of the memoir Daughter of the Samurai was the daughter of a Daimyo's officer in the Meji era. Her descriptions of the lifestyle sound anticlimactic, roughly similar to an orientalized variation of the life of an out of the way British country gentleman. The only thing interesting that happened to her father was the civil war where her father took the Shogun's side and was pardoned by The Emperor. One thing she notes though was taking her American children to the family estate. One of them asked what a specially kept bucket was for and she was embarrassed to explain that every important Samurai had one for his head in the event that The Emperor should require it.