- It makes tactical sense. Even the toughest swordsman or most accurate archer will find their weapons useless when fighting at the wrong range.
- It looks damn cool.
- It gives the author another tool for their hero to use, allowing for easier writing during action sequences.
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Anime & Manga
- Guts of Berserk fits the ranger profile, using throwing knives and a repeating crossbow along with his BFS. He deviates from the general profile by being heavily armored and by also having a fourth weapon (a gunpowder cannon built into his arm) as a nasty surprise for any demons who think they have him beat.
- Uryū of Bleach, being a Quincy, has the bow for a primary weapon, although he has the Seele Schneider, a Laser Blade that absorbs the spirit particles (reishi) his opponents release whenever they attack. It turns out that this weapon can do even more damage when fired as an arrow.
- Signum of Lyrical Nanoha. In her case, she's a swordswoman first and only switches to a bow when an enemy can't be fought at melee range or if she's going for a long-ranged sneak attack.
- Judd Winick had Green Arrow spend the year following Infinite Crisis training to become a swordsman as well as (obviously) an archer. Robin Hood was explicitly named as the inspiration for this.
- Miho sometimes employs the sword/arrow combo in Sin City. Sometimes shuriken are used instead.
- Hawkeye trained under both a master archer and a master swordsman. He tends to favor his bow, but when he had to give up his identity, he used his fall-back weapon to become "Ronin".
Films — Animation
- Ashitaka from Princess Mononoke uses both a long bow and a short sword. The pommel of his sword is fashioned with a ring that allows him to keep the sword in his hand while shooting.
- Some of the Leafmen in Epic.
- Mulan is proficient in both sword and bow as a product of her Training Montage. She is skilled enough with a sword to hold her own against the villain Shan Yu, and her Improbable Aiming Skills with the bow are probably the only reason she and her Love Interest aren't dead at the bottom of a cliff....thanks to an avalanche she caused with another ranged weapon. But hey, it wiped out the other army and not hers!
- Princess Merida in Brave is a magnificent archer, able to shoot a sword out of a man's hand when aiming from 20 to 30 yards away, while in the dark and on horseback, and without huitting the man himself. And, when the bow gets taken from her, she uses a sword to beat the tar out of her father, who's an excellent fighter himself and trained her in the use of both of these weapons.
Films — Live-Action
- The Lord of the Rings:
- Aragorn uses both bow and sword in the movie (and is the source of this combination being dubbed "The Ranger" initially), but he usually uses the bow only to open battle, staying in melee once it opens.
- Legolas is more flexible, switching between his bow and his knives when appropriate. Elves in general are capable of both archery and swordplay.
- Faramir's rangers from Ithilien used bows and swords and were lightly armoured, but an exception is the Gondorian archers, who are depicted in plate armour, though it may have been a lighter style.
- The Uruk-hai captain (Lurtz) at the end of the first film also employs a bow/sword combo.
- The Hobbit
- Kíli carries a bow as his primary weapon but also a short dwarf sword.
- Bard the Bowman fought with a sword the Battle of the Five Armies, as his bow had been broken in killing Smaug.
- In the Errol Flynn version of the Robin Hood legend, The Adventures of Robin Hood, Robin is an expert fencer and bowman. (He also wields the quarterstaff, to somewhat less effect.)
- The Kevin Costner film Robin Hood: Prince of Thieves has Robin Hood doing this.
- The Mel Brooks parody, Robin Hood: Men in Tights makes an Exaggerated Trope out of it.
- Navarre in Ladyhawke uses a Cool Sword and a double-crossbow.
- The Na'vi of Avatar use both bows and knives.
- Rambo uses a modern variant, with a compound bow and a large bowie knife (in addition to whatever guns he can get his hands on).
- Red, as the Badass Normal of the cast in Avengers Grimm, sports both a bow and a sword in her quest to kill The Wolf.
- Lone Wolf: Starting with the Magnakai series, the eponymous hero can use a bow alongside melee weapons. Also the case for his lieutenant in the New Order series.
- Tarl Cabot of Gor is an expert swordsman, but he's also quite good with the peasant bow, even though everyone else looks down on it because it's a peasant weapon.
- The Ankh-Morpork City Watch carry both swords and crossbows, and in Vimes' case various coshes and knuckledusters as well. Oh, and a truncheon.
- In Guards! Guards!, one of them (Colon) attempts to kill a dragon with a bow.
- The Wolfhound is both an expert marksman and swordsman.
- Richard in The Sword of Truth is very skilled with his sword, but his gift also makes him a perfect marksman.
- Bazhell in David Weber's The War Gods series is known for his sword, but also carries a crossbow. He typically gets off one or two shots before dropping it to charge with his sword. He's also heavily armored. (Scale or ring mail, though he'd probably like plate if he was ever in one place long enough for someone to make him a set.)
- The Iron Teeth web serialís forests are haunted by many different types of dangerous monsters and bandits. Thus many of the characters use both bows and swords.
- Appears several times in The First Law trilogy. Dogman and Grim Harding both use bows almost exclusively, but are still plenty capable with bladed weapons. Ferro Maljinn fits the trope even better, being a deadly archer and swordswoman, switching from one to the other based on how close her enemies are and how many arrows she has left.
- Gilan in Ranger's Apprentice uses a sword next to the usual bow. But only because he already had years of training before becoming a ranger. All others have 2 knives as their melee weapons. This is because of time required to master both bow and sword.
- Legolas in The Lord of the Rings uses both a bow and a long knife, although he prefers the bow.
- Beleg Cúthalion in The Silmarillion, one of the greatest archers in the First Age. He wielded Belthronding, a yew longbow; and Anglachel, a sentient sword made out of starmetal.
- Malazan Book of the Fallen:
- Lightning Bruiser Icarium Lifestealer carries both a longbow, which seems to be his first choice of weapons, and a sword, and can be deadly with either, but wears little — if any — armour.
- The Tall, Dark and Snarky Tiste Andii youth named Clip is introduced sporting both a bow and a rapier, although the entire description seems to exist to emphasize how he's modified his gear for stealthy movement, setting up the scene for him being an assassin.
Myths & Religion
- In just about every legend of Robin Hood, Robin of Locksley was one of the deadliest archers of the land, and no slouch with a sword either. While he was definitely above average with a quarterstaff, however, he was (usually) no match for Little John (himself a pretty good archer), and Friar Tuck was his superior in bare-handed grappling.
- Dungeons & Dragons:
- The ranger character class is the archetype from early editions. This is still their theme somewhat in later editions, though in 3rd, Fighters and their abundance of feats can be more effective, and in 4th, Rogues can do this without having to spread out their ability growth.
- It's generally considered a good idea for every character in any edition of D&D to have both a melee and a ranged weapon. Particularly with the combat rules of 3rd and 4th editions, it's highly advised that frontline warriors pack a handful of javelins, and wizards take advantage of crossbow proficiency.
- Made painfully obvious with the Swordbow (Regular, Light, and Great versions) from the Magic Item Compendium (D&D 3.5). The weapon transforms from a sword (Longsword for Regular, Rapier for Light, Greatsword for Great) into a bow (Longbow for regular, Shortbow for Light, Composite Longbow (+4 Str requirement) for Great) and back again as needed. On top of this, you can also interchange attacks with the two forms as part of the same full attack action.
- It's also entirely possible to wield a melee weapon in one hand and a hand crossbow in the other. The 3.5E sourcebook Drow of the Underdark offers the Versatile Combatant feat for this arrangement, while 4e offers the Drow Fighting Style feat. 5th Edition allows this with Crossbow Expert feat, allowing a person to fire the hand crossbow in off hand after you attack with main hand weapon. Depending on rule interpretation, you can even use the feat to dual wield Hand Crossbows.
- The Soulbow class in Complete Psionic can summon up arrows composed of mental energy and shoot them at people in addition to summoning up a sword composed of mental energy.
- As of the Dawn Solution, Solars in Exalted have a Charm that specifically facilitates this combat style: Elegant Dance of Bow and Blade. Furthermore, they can switch between weapons mid-combat via Hyperspace Arsenal.
- Warhammer Fantasy:
- For many of the same reasons mentioned in the Real Life examples below, every ranged combat unit carries a hand weapon in addition to their bow/crossbow/gun/blowpipe, etc.
- Of especial note, however, are the elite scout types of the three elf armies — Dark Elf Shades (such as our friend in the picture up there), High Elf Shadow Warriors and Wood Elf Waywatchers. Unlike most missile troops, who are generally decent shots but of only average close combat prowess, these warriors display exceptional skills with both sword and bow / crossbow, having both a Weapon Skill and a Ballistic Skill characteristic of 5.
- WarMachine/Hordes: Most ranged units use firearms, or are weak in melee combat, or both, but there are a few models or units that use a bow or crossbow and are still strong in melee. Examples include Nyss Stryder Rangers for the Legion of Everblight, Exemplar Errants for the Protectorate of Menoth, and Mage Hunter Strike Force for the Retribution of Scyrah.
- Dragon's Wake: The main antagonist is a Black Knight that uses a sword, shield and crossbow, as well as magical powers, to hunt and kill dragons.
- In Middle-earth: Shadow of Mordor, the protagonist, Ranger Talion is equipped with his standard sword, Urfael as well as the hilt of his dead son's sword which he uses as a dagger, Acharn, and he is bound with an Elven Wraith who uses his bow, Azkâr.
- In Dishonored, the main character Corvo is equipped with both a shortsword and a crossbow, and can use both at the same time. The assassin Daud has much the same gear in the DLC. These two also conform to the Sword and Gun trope, as they can replace the crossbow with a pistol.
- In Assassin's Creed I and its sequel, pretty much every archer also packs a sword or bludgeon for close quarters combat. In Brotherhood the crossbowmen intriguingly do not pack close-quarters weapons, but with the crossbow finally in his hands after being foreshadowed back in the first game's first trailer, Ezio can do this. A tactic is to anger some guards, crossbow half of them, chainkill the rest, finish up with crossbowing any cowards. In Assassin's Creed III Connor has a conventional bow.
- Easily possible along with countless combinations in The Elder Scrolls. In Oblivion, for instance, most archers will put away their bows and draw a melee weapon if their enemy gets close enough, and the City Guards will default to longswords but switch to bows at range or if the player gets somewhere they can't climb to.
- Total War:
- Ranged units in games always come with a melee weapon. For most archers this means little more than daggers, but some (like highland nobles in Medieval II, Gaul Noble Archers in Rome and Bow Samurai in Shogun and Shogun II) this means full-fledged swords.
- Some units go the other way, and have a ranged weapon as an auxiliary when their main mode of attack is in melee — most Roman footsoldiers have a sword, shield and three javelins for example. The Danes in Medieval II have Norse Archers, which are actually substantially better in melee than they are at range (base ranged attack is 7, while base melee is 12).
- Age of Empires III has longbowmen who use swords in melee combat. This is shown with them doing more damage in melee combat than other infantry made for range.
- Dorstag in Ultima Underworld 2 uses both a sword and a crossbow, and is famous for his skill with both. He essentially serves as the boss of the Pits of Carnage.
- The Legend of Zelda:
- Link carries a slingshot, then either upgrades to or, more frequently, simply picks up an actual bow in the games. Of course, that's hardly the only weaponry combination he's capable of, but his sword and bow are generally his most powerful weapons and required to defeat the Final Boss.
- In The Legend of Zelda: Twilight Princess, the Hero's Bow is strongly hinted at being the same used by a previous Link, much like the Master Sword and a few other items, such as the signature green tunic.
- Princess Zelda herself gets in on the action in Hyrule Warriors with a Royal Rapier and the Light Arrows.
- The majority of units in Battle for Wesnoth carry two different types of weapons, often one each of ranged and melee. Special mention goes to the Duelist's higher level sprites which are shown wielding both a crossbow and saber simultaneously.
- Just one of many combinations possible in Might and Magic. Everyone can learn to use the bow (including crossbows) in addition to his or her primary weapon (with other weapons being very class specific, the primary weapon is often something other than a sword). There is one exception in the late-game of VI and VII: blasters. You can wield them together with bows (blasters go in the right hand slot, while bows go on the back), but blasters always takes precedence when attacking (melee weapons take precedence if they are close enough to attack. Blasters are ranged weapons in the melee slot...), so the only point in going blaster-and-bow is using the bow as a Stat Stick.
- Arcanum: Of Steamworks & Magick Obscura characters can be built who switch between guns or bows and melee weapons, but carrying multiple weapons of your chosen type is also common because Breakable Weapons is in effect and swords are no good for breaking open stubborn chests.
- In Dynasty Warriors 5 (and the games that came before it), all characters can switch between their primary weapon and a bow. The bow is more or less useless, though. Unless its used by Huang Zhong or Xiahou Yuan, who incorporates the bow much more into their move sets, and can shoot out muliple wide waves of 5 arrows rapidly.
- Xiahou Yuan in most games usually fights with a club and his bow to take down his foes. In earlier games, such as Dynasty Warriors 3, his weapon was a scimitar.
- Starting from the 7th main entry, all characters can equip any other weapon alongside their primary weapon, so if the player chooses a bow, then it becomes this.
- In Samurai Warriors, the Sengoku-era counterpart to the Three Kingdoms setting of Dynasty Warriors, the character Ina uses a bow that has blades mounted on it, allowing for melee combat. The same applies to Magoichi Saika and Ieyasu Tokugawa, who both possess ranged weapons, but also have a means of smacking enemies around with them.
- In the Arslan crossover game, the characters Arslan, Daryun, Farangis, Gieve, Elam, Alfarid, and Kubard all carry at least 1 bladed weapon and 1 bow. The gameplay's weapon-swapping mechanic allow them to freely swap between them at will, making it the ideal combo.
- It's a fairly good idea to have this set up, at least in the first game. Warriors occasionally find themselves needing to shoot at something (or, in the case of enemies trapped on the opposite sides of portcullises, want to pick enemies off at a distance.) A rogue often finds herself needing to resort to hand-to-hand if fast enemies are encroaching, so having a sword and shield and the strength to use both available helps. Straying out of The Ranger and into Magic Knight, magic is helpful to the rogue as well, though the warriors' maximum magic is so low that it's barely worth his while. The sorcerer is pretty damn awful with both bow and sword, but it's worth giving him a bit of strength and a light sword and shield in case he runs out of mana. (True, you might be screwed if this is the case, but it's better than nothing.)
- The Lord of Destruction expansion pack for Diablo II added the ability to switch between two whole sets of wielded equipment with a single keypress, making this set-up tremendously more practical.
- Shadow of the Colossus: The player has exactly two weapons, a bow and a sword. Interestingly, the Wanderer is a highly skilled archer but completely untrained in using the sword.
- A frequent combo in the Fire Emblem games.
- Alm from Fire Emblem Gaiden used swords and bows upon promotion to Hero, as the first unit in the series able to use more than one weapon type.
- Nomadic Troopers in Fire Emblem Elibe. Lyn is capable of using swords and bows after she gets promoted to Blade Lord.
- The Ranger in Fire Emblem: The Sacred Stones.
- In Fire Emblem: Path Of Radiance, you can give bow-wielding Astrid a sword (or lance, or axe) upon promotion. You can also give a bow to Oscar (lance user), Kieran (axe user), or Makalov (sword user) when they promote. In Fire Emblem: Radiant Dawn, Fiona, Geoffrey and Oscar could learn to use a bow upon promotion to Silver Knight, and Astrid could learn to use a lance upon promotion to the same class.
- In the DS remakes of Fire Emblem Akaneia, there is the Horseman, the promoted version of the Hunter, which not only learns how to use swords but also gets a horse. Quite useful.
- Assassins and Bow Knights in Fire Emblem Awakening. Also, the DLC Bride class uses Bows, Lances and Staves.
- Warriors can wield a bow and an axe. Generals can use a bow and a lance in the remakes of Fire Emblem Akaneia.
- In Tear Ring Saga, Holmes could gains sword upon promotion to Stealth Hunter. Also, the Lady Knight and Arrow Knight classes could use them, as well as the Mamluke upon promotion from Horseman. Plus, another class, the King's Knight, could use sword, lances, axes and bows!
- In Fire Emblem Fates there's the Bow Knights again, who now are promoted from either Outlaws (who use only bows) or Mercenaries (who only use swords). According to the story this is the canon promotion of the Badass Adorable Selena, aka Severa from Awakening. The player can reclass her into Hero or Bow Knight depending on their desaires, tho.
- World of Warcraft:
- As initially conceived, Hunters were supposed to be this trope. To this end, Hunters had a minimum range for ranged attacks, they started without a pet to force players to learn how to switch between both effectively, and one of the talent trees, Survival, contained talents focusing on close range combat. As the game evolved, the minimum range was dropped, the focus of the Survival tree moved to traps, and then, after the removal of the Ranged slot in Mists of Pandaria forced bows into the Main Hand, the melee skills were dropped entirely. If anything, their pets (which, at least for Beastmaster specialists, make up a considerable portion of their damage output), represent the sword now.
- Even while it was possible to be this trope, itemization usually led players away from it. Hunters often didn't start with both bow and sword; the closest any race came were either Draenei, who got a crossbow and sword, and Night Elves and Blood Elves, who got a bow and a dagger. While any Hunter could learn to wield swords, there were more appropriate statistics for hunters on axes and polearms. And while any Hunter could learn bows, crossbows and guns equally well, guns could be crafted by those tired of waiting for a good bow to drop.
- The only other classes with the potential to use both sword and bow were Warriors and Rogues, who tended to use the bow only for attracting an enemy's attention, after which melee weapons did most of the work. After the Ranged slot was removed, both classes got a weapon-throw attack instead.
- Super Smash Bros.:
- Brawl's incarnation of Pit uses a bow that he can split into two short swords. This carries over to Kid Icarus: Uprising.
- And of course, Link is as much an example of this in the Super Smash Bros. series as he is in his own. Kirby can get in on the fun too, if he copies Pit or Link's archery abilities, combined with either the sword he uses for his own Final Cutter recovery move or the Beam Sword item.
- Garr/Woodrow from Tales of Destiny can use both a bow and a sword in combat in the PS2 remake. In the original, he has to choose between one or the other.
- Tales of Vesperia features Raven, whose weapon of choice is a "Transform Bow", a bow that literally folds into a dagger.
- Baleog the Fierce from The Lost Vikings is equipped with a bow and sword, though he ditches the bow in the sequel.
- A possible combination in Mount & Blade, and near universal among higher-level archer units.
- Firion in Dissidia: Final Fantasy is treated as this. He's a full-blown Multi-Melee Master; his sword and bow receive the most attention.
- In Battle Realms, The Dragon Clan Samurai wield both a bow for ranged combat, and a katana for melee. In line with the game's troop alchemy system this makes sense, because samurai require that a soldier be trained as both an archer and a melee fighter (the alchemist's guild is presumably for the armour, or the tempered steel sword).
- Team Fortress 2:
- The Sniper's non-gun primary weapon is a bow, and his melee a selection of kukris (technically knives, yes, but they're big enough to count towards this trope).
- The Medic can also replace his syringe gun with a crossbow that's both a Healing Shiv and a regular weapon while using any of a number of bonesaws in melee.
- Valkyrie Profile:
- Lenneth. She loses this ability in the sequel, since you can use all three Valkyries in battle.
- Her younger sister Silmeria uses bow as her primary weapon in battle, while she uses swords for Nibelung Valesti.
- In Mark of Kri, the main character, Rau, starts with a sword and gets a bow later. He eventually receives other weapons, but spends most of the game with the basic combination.
- Dragon Age:
- Dragon Age: Origins allows you to switch between two full sets of weapons. Given the thrust of the game as being somewhat more tactical, it's almost unheard of that even one character doesn't switch to a bow. (Even mages, whose staves automatically hit at range, can do a lot more damage with a bow if they hit often enough.)
- While Dragon Age II lacks the weapon switch option, archers automatically switch to the "murder knife" whilst attacking in melee.
- In Dragon Age: Inquisition, Hawke, if a Rogue, randomly switches between a bow and two daggers in battle.
- Elise from Gungnir uses both a longbow and a rapier, and it's generally a good idea to have one of each in her available weapon slots.
- All characters in the Avernum games can equip a bow or crossbow alongside their normal weapon. There's not even any way to determine which one is being used at the time.
- Your main weapons in The Adventures of Robin Hood.
- Final Fantasy XIII-2 takes this to perhaps the most literal extreme. Serah's bow and sword are the same weapon which she can transform at will.
- Garrett uses bow and sword in the first two Thief games (partly as an artifact of the unexpected history of the engine in those games) and switches to bow and dagger in the third. The bow can be used as a weapon, but more often is used as a tool by firing Trick Arrows (the games discourage killing any humans; that's just unprofessional for a thief). The blade is always a weapon of absolute last resort; Garrett doesn't do well in melee.
- The Apprentice in Orcs Must Die! can wield both a crossbow and a bladed weapon, but not at the same time and only if the player chooses to equip either.
- DeathSpank : The eponymous hero wields a crossbow alongside a sword (or a number of other melee weapons) in his first and third games. The second game has a gun instead.
- Quite possible in Neverwinter Nights 1 and 2, although it's more useful in the first game because the sniping opportunities (e.g. taking potshots through a portcullis) are much more frequent.
- Knights of the Old Republic allows Blaster and Sword in Accord, though it's easier in the second game because you can equip two full sets of weapons and switch with the click of a button. The first game requires you to go through the inventory menu to do this.
- Temporal Wardens in Tales of Maj'Eyal are very good at this. They start with access to bow-specific and double weapon-specific skillpaths, and their starting Celerity ability lets them swap weapons without losing a turn.
- Warriors, Rangers and Thieves in Guild Wars 2 can use both swords and bows.
- The rebooted Tomb Raider (2013) has a longbow as Lara's signature weapon, and can use a climbing axe to lethal effect in close combat after earning enough experience.
- In Terraria, this option is quite feasible, as is The Musketeer. This tends to work best with the harpoon or other ammoless weapons that count as dealing ranged damage. Melee specialists can do the same by using boomerangs and similar weapons, as those are distance weapons that count as dealing melee damage.
- In Kingdom of Loathing, a revamp of the Disco Bandit skill set in October 2013 gave the Disco Bandit a number of combat skills involving knives, on top of their usual affinity for ranged weapons.
- In Smite the Norse god Ullr wields a bow and a pair of axes, and can switch on either range or melee stance.
- Dark Souls
- In Dark Souls, the Chosen Undead can employ any weapon on right hand and left hand slot, one can carry a sword and a bow (or crossbow) at the same time.
- In Dark Souls 2, the moveset of most weapons are no longer affected by which hand the Chosen Undead used, it is now also possible to aim (or even fire Dark Orbs) with the crossbow by carrying it with both hands, making the Sword and Bow combat more practical.
- The third game depicts this as being a standard of the Black Hand Hunters of Lothric (both the one you can summon as a phantom and the one you encounter as an enemy), with both having variants of switching between bow and sword and Duel Wielding in lieu of carrying a shield.
- In Eternal Darkness, Paul Luther and Roberto Bianci can use a crossbow to compliment their melee weapons; sadly, in practice, the bolts' inherent weakness and the crossbow's long reload time means you probably won't touch it much.
- The Elf of Dragon's Crown has this as one of her potential builds. Investing in the Holdout Dagger skill lets her pull out a dagger to complement her bow. In addition to its use as a backup weapon, with the appropriate skill, she could also perform Back Stabs with it for a lot of damage.
- In Elsword, the archer character, Rena, start to use a sword with her bow if you follow the Trapping Ranger/Night Watcher class path.
- A possible build for Angelo in Dragon Quest VIII, and somewhat viable as bows are rare while swords are common, and one has to use Item Crafting to make half of them, including the Odin's Bow.
- In Fate/stay night, Servant Archer is named such because he's primarily focused on ranged combat and uses a bow. He's also very adept at using swords, such that his ultimate attack is known as Unlimited Blade Works. This is because he is the Future Badass incarnation of Emiya Shirou, who also has the power to summon swords and was the star-member of the archery club who only ever missed one shot...intentionally, to see what it felt like.
- Goblins: Kore takes this Up to Eleven with his crossbows and AXES. He usually Dual Wields one or the other.
- Momba Kawunei in The Water Phoenix King is always seen in flashbacks to the war with his massive recurve bow, "Eye-Biter," but he carried a katana then, too — though recently has upgraded to a Magitek blade capable of cleaving just about anything.
- Visseria: Treneth holds a knife in his hand at the same time as his bow, presumably in case something surprises him.
- Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles (2003) example: Although Splinter usually uses no weapon save for his walking stick, he equips himself with a katana and bow for his assault on the Shredder's mansion in the season 3 finale "Exodus".
- Until the wide adoption of repeating firearms, the Central Asian style of mounted archery was nearly unstoppable. The use of mobile archery from the ancient Parthians on was nearly unstoppable. The sword and lance were used at close range and on those rare occasions when fighting was on foot, but they were always secondary tools.
- The Muslim world pretty much abandoned its previous weapons and tactics upon contact with tribes such as the Mongols and Seljuks. The straight sword gave way to the shamshir and its variants. Heavy infantry was largely replaced by horse archery.
- In an even earlier era, the Prophet Muhammad said that all Muslim men should know archery and said that the value of prayer was multiplied if one wore a sword.
- The Russians, Georgians, Poles, and Hungarians adopted similar styles of arms and tactics. The Hungarian bow is a variant of the Asian asymmetric compound bow. The Magyars also were a prominent horse archer culture who once ruled the plains.
- Native Americans of various tribes (but particularly the horse cultures of the Great Plains) were known for archery, but had a complete panoply of weapons available to them including tomahawks, knives, war clubs, and lances.
- The Muslim world pretty much abandoned its previous weapons and tactics upon contact with tribes such as the Mongols and Seljuks. The straight sword gave way to the shamshir and its variants. Heavy infantry was largely replaced by horse archery.
- English longbowmen prove themselves to be quite lethal in hand to hand as well as ranged combat when the few bogged-down French knights at Agincourt managed to close the gap (mainly due to the English running out of arrows!). With their variety of weapons, including their handy woodsman's mauls, the archers played a decisive role in defeating the remaining French.
- Jack Churchill, in charge of third and then second commando during World War II. He was famous for fighting with a longbow and a claymore (a long-bladed, one-handed basket-hilted sword, not the two-handed great sword). To highlight how Crazy Awesome this was, there's a (possibly true) story of Churchill leaping onto a tank, breaking the door lock off with the claymore, and then killing the crew inside with it.
- Even though they believe Katanas Are Just Better, the primary weapon of the Samurai was originally the bow. The katana came later in history; their legendary code of honor, "Bushido" or "Way of the Warrior", was originally known as "Kyūba no Michi", or "Way of the Horse and Bow".