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Literature / The First Law

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There's a lot of blood.
The First Law is a series of Low Fantasy novels and short-stories written by British writer Joe Abercrombie. The first three novels form a trilogy; the remaining stories are stand-alone (and some have their own pages). The novels are:

They are characterized by extreme grittiness, grim wit, being on the far cynical hand of the Sliding Scale of Idealism Versus Cynicism, and the intention to subvert and deconstruct a certain number of Fantasy tropes. The trilogy and its successive novels feature several point of view characters, but the main heroes(?) — er, protagonists — of the trilogy are warrior Logen Ninefingers, who's trying to find a new path in life; Inquisitor Sand dan Glokta, who's wondering why he does what he does; and soldier Jezal dan Luthar, whose life is one of much ease and little responsibility. Until things go to hell, at least.

The series takes place in a fictional world that mimics several facets of ancient to classical Earth. The action, for the most part, takes place in or regards people from the central realm the Union. The Union is beset upon on all sides by savages and orc stand-ins from the North (not just a direction, but the name of the continent according to Union cartographers and Northmen both), the mighty Gurkhish Empire to the south, mercenary bands from the continent of Styria to the south-east, and the machinations of the crumbling magocratic Old Empire in the far west. The Union appears to be in a state of near-perpetual war, constantly maneuvered into seemingly useless conflicts by an uncompromisingly proud foreign policy.

This is a world filled with bad people who do the right thing, good people who do the wrong thing, stupid people who do the stupid thing and, well, pretty much any combination of those. It's a world that's not merely filled with bad people; it actively makes the good and the decent ones worse. Survival is no mean feat, and at the end of the day, dumb luck might be more of an asset than any amount of planning, skill, or noble intention.

Why would anyone want to take a jaunt through this hell-hole? Because it's damn fun, that's why.

The first three books were followed in 2009 by Best Served Cold. It is set in Styria and follows mercenary Monza Murcatto's plan to exact vengeance on those who have betrayed her. It features and makes numerous references to characters and events of the trilogy that came before it. This world is one seriously fucked up place, and Best Served Cold takes it all up to eleven.

The next book, titled The Heroes, came out in January 2011. It tells the story of the war between Union and the North, or, more precisely, the decisive battle between the sides, which lasts several days. Like the one before, it also mentions and makes use of many previously established characters.

The author continues writing stories set in this world: He has announced that he's signed a contract for 4 more stories, which at present he predicts will be a third stand-alone story followed by another trilogy, though he notes he might change his mind. Some sort of fantasy western. The first of these contracted books was released in November 2012, titled Red Country. (For some unknown reason, the UK edition was announced as A Red Country, but the "A" doesn't seem to have materialized.) In addition, none of the following novels will feature the same cast (at least not in main character roles note ) and each story is set several years after the last, so the next trilogy may be more than a decade ahead of The First Law trilogy.


This work provides examples of :

  • Aborted Declaration of Love: Logen Ninefingers, Ardee West.
  • Action Girl:
    • Ferro has demon blood, making her somewhat superhuman.
    • Vitari holds her own against Logen for a while.
    • Monza in Best Served Cold is a badass general as well as an excellent swordfighter.
    • Wonderful in The Heroes.
    • Shy in Red Country.
  • Actually, That's My Assistant: When Logen goes to meet Bayaz for the first time, he thinks that a scholarly-looking elderly librarian (one of Bayaz's servants) is Bayaz, and takes Bayaz (dressed as/working as a butcher) for one of Bayaz's servants.
  • Adipose Rex: King Guslav V is so fat he has to be carried everywhere, and seems nothing more than a figurehead.
  • Alien Geometries: The inside of the House of the Maker.
  • Ambiguously Brown:
    • The magus Bayaz's servant Yoru Sulfur is described by another character as having a somewhat ethnically ambiguous appearance, being darker skinned than is the norm for someone in the Union (a European Fantasy Counterpart Culture) but lighter than people from the neighboring Gurkhal (The Empire, home to people of Arabic and African appearance). This ties into Sulfur's blandly pleasant manner and blandly pleasant features that make him The Nondescript, able to fit in everywhere. It's implied that the ambiguity relates to the fact that like his master, Sulfur is Really 700 Years Old, and thus came from a culture which no longer exists.
    • Temple, one of the main protagonists of Red Country is darker skinned than most of the cast and other characters wonder (sometimes offensively) at his ethnicity. At one point, Temple asserts that he's the Son of a Whore and that his mother was Dagoskan (which evokes both India under the British Raj and Constantinople) and his father was a Styrian (a stand in for Italy during the City State Era) mercenary.
  • Anti-Hero: All of the main characters.
  • Anyone Can Die: The Heroes, mostly, but also present a bit in the trilogy. Though not nearly to the degree seen in A Song of Ice and Fire.
  • Arc Words:
    • "Once you've got a task to do, it's better to do it than live with the fear of it."
    • "You have to be realistic about things."
    • "Say one thing for Logen Nine-Fingers, say he's..."
    • "Why do I do this?"
    • In Best Served Cold
      • "Mercy and cowardice are the same."
      • "What would I do without you?" and all variations.
    • The Heroes: "Those are the times."
  • Arch-Enemy: Bayaz and Khalul.
  • Aristocrats Are Evil: But don't worry, so is everyone else.
  • Armor Is Useless: "Armour... is part of a state of mind... in which you admit the possibility... of being hit." It comes into play in a downplayed manner: there's a so much ordanance flying about some metal sheets don't really help. Shields on the other hand, do.
  • Armor-Piercing Question: "Why do you do this?" -Carlot dan Eider, to Sand dan Glokta
  • Artifact of Doom: The Seed, also a MacGuffin.
  • Ascended Extra:
    • Caul Shivers in Best Served Cold. A few other secondary characters from the trilogy play important roles as well, like Nicomo Cosca, Vitari, Sulfur, and Duke Orso.
    • Prince Calder and Bremer dan Gorst in The Heroes.
  • Ax-Crazy:
    • Logen, when he blacks out.
    • Caul Shivers walks down the same path.
  • Awesome McCool Name: Logen Ninefingers, also known as the Bloody-Nine.
  • Bad Ass:
    • Logen Ninefingers is the most feared name in the North. Or rather, the Bloody-Nine is.
    • The Named Men in Logen's dozen, including Black Dow, Rudd Threetrees and Tul Duru Thunderhead.
    • Ferro.
    • Best Served Cold features Shivers, Monza and Friendly.
    • The Heroes, being pretty much a war novel, has a lot of them, but special attention must be paid to Bremer dan Gorst, who routinely faces exceeding odds and comes alive out of this, and Whirrun of Bligh a.k.a. "Cracknut" Whirrun, the only swordsman that Gorst acknowledges as his equal.
    • Red Country has Savian, who briefly forms a Bash Brothers-like duo with Retired Badass Lamb aka Logen Ninefingers.
  • Bald of Awesome: Lamb shaves his head for his brawl with Glama Golden and keeps it for the rest of Red Country
  • Bald of Evil: Logen should have known better than to trust a man with no hair.
  • Balkanize Me: The Old Empire collapsed into a plethora of tinpot dictatorships, petty fiefdoms, and city-states. They've been fighting among themselves ever since.
  • Barbarian Hero: Logen Ninefingers is a subversion. He seems like a typical roaming barbarian warrior who tries to do the right thing, but eventually it becomes clear that he's a psychopath with a split personality that makes him go completely berserk, killing anyone he sees. It takes him quite a few books before he's ready to acknowledge that the best thing he can do for everybody is keep to himself.
  • Barbarian Longhair: The Named Men, Northern barbarians in The First Law series typically wear their hair long and don't cut it.
  • Barbarian Tribe: The Northmen are typical northern barbarians from the cold north who have a more martial and less sophisticated society. Stranger-Come-Knocking and his boys from beyond the Crinna, way up in the far north, are even more savage.
  • Battle Couple: Logen and Ferro in Before They are Hanged.
  • Being Tortured Makes You Evil:
    • Deconstructed with Glokta; he was the military's golden boy until he was captured and viciously tortured. His choice to turn to torturing as his own profession isn't motivated by evil, but by pragmatism; he's badly crippled and unable to make use of any of his Master Swordsman skills, but his experiences give him an excellent first-hand knowledge of how to break people. Torturing for the Inquisition is the only way he has to make a living.
    • In Best Served Cold, Shivers is a straight example, although more realistic than most. He tries to be a good man, but circumstances drive him to increasingly amoral action. In the end, though, his mutilation at the hands of his torturers leads him to snap much harder than he would have otherwise. He loses pretty much all his compassion for the rest of humanity, thanks in part to a side order of Then Let Me Be Evil, and becomes one of the most terrifying characters in the series.
  • The Berserker:
    • Logen's alternate personality of the Bloody-Nine makes him go completely blood-simple, killing everyone in his path, friend or foe.
    • In ''The Heroes," Bremer dan Gorst.
  • Big Bad Ensemble: Khalul and Bethod are set up early on, but as the story progresses we learn that Tolomei is alive and now works for The Legions of Hell, and more shockingly that revelation means that Bayaz is actually a Big Bad as well, and maybe even the Big Bad since not only does he get exactly what he was after, Khalul and Tolomei were both only evil because they Jumped Off The Slippery Slope trying to bring him down (and Bethod may or may not have been his Unwitting Pawn, at least once upon a time), and his centuries of treachery and ruthless manipulation are responsible, directly or indirectly, for nearly every war the Union as ever took part in, all because he's a self-centred bastard with delusions of grandeur who pretty much thinks humanity can't survive without him.
  • Bittersweet Ending: Possibly even a Downer Ending, depending on your point of view.
    • Best Served Cold ends on a somewhat higher note, which is surprising, considering the even darker tone of the book.
    • "Red Country" ends with Pit and Ro safe with Shy and Temple, but Lamb/Logen leaves after realizing he can't escape his past. Still the happiest ending of a story, so far.
  • Bizarrchitecture: The Maker's Tower. For starters, they reach the top without actually climbing stairs. Glokta is the first to realize this, and is not grateful that the stairs weren't there, because it was a Mind Screw.
  • Black and Gray Morality: There are hardly any truly good people in any of the books. And many of the heroes become much worse or turn out to have been horrible people all along. Of particular note is Bayaz, who claims to be the brutally pragmatic solution to his nemesis, the evil Khalul, but it becomes increasingly questionable whether he's not just as bad.
  • Blood Knight: Ferro. Bremen dan Gorst becomes a more subdued example in The Heroes.
  • Bolivian Army Ending: For Logen Ninefingers. It's unclear whether he survives, although it's worth noting that he survived an almost identical fall at the start of the first novel. Red Country finally confirms his survival.
  • Book Ends:
    • The Blade Itself begins with Logen falling in a river from a great height and the chapter is called The End. The last chapter of Last Argument of Kings is called The Beginning and ends exactly in the same way.
    • Best Served Cold begins and ends with a sentence describing "a sunrise the color of bad blood".
  • Borrowed Catchphrase: After Logen has come to her aid, Ferro intercepts him and expresses her satisfaction that he is still alive.
  • Bow and Sword, in Accord: Ferro.
  • Brother-Sister Incest: Monza and Benna in Best Served Cold. When introduced, they seem more like lovers, with Benna making tributes to Monza's beauty. Then it gets revealed that they're siblings. The fact that they were actually incestuous is confirmed toward the end of the story.
  • The Brute:
    • Bremer dan Gorst is built up to be this, but turns out to be a very humble and respectful man in his interactions with Jezal. He fits the trope better in The Heroes.
    • Practical Frost is the muscle for Glokta.
  • Bullet Time: Shenkt in Best Served Cold can do this.
  • Cannot Spit It Out: Gorst has been in love with Finree for years, yet could never muster the courage to confess. And when he does, he mentions it so off-handedly that it's not clear if she even noticed, caught in her What the Hell, Hero? rhetoric.
  • Can't Use Stairs: The anti-heroic Torture Technician Inquisitor Glotka was himself previously the victim of debilitating torture, with the result that while he can use stairs, it causes him agonizing pain, since his torturers smashed bones in his legs and feet and cut off his toes. He jokes to himself that if he could torture any man, it would be the inventor of stairs (and that if he could shake the hands of any man, it would be the inventor of chairs).
  • Catch Phrase:
    Logen: "You have to be realistic about these things", "Say one thing for Logen Ninefingers, say he's X", "You can never have too many knives" "I'm still alive", "Shit.".
    Glokta: Body found floating by the docks..., "Why do I do this?", "Click, tap, pain", any mention of his teeth.
    Ferro: "Fucking pinks!", "Ssss!"
    The Dogman: By the dead, he needed to piss, like always.
    Harding Grim: "Uh"
    Curnden Craw: It was the right thing to do.
    Black Dow: Comments about (not) being called White Dow
    Ladisla (and his father, at least when he is cogent enough to speak): "Capital!"
  • Character Development:
    • Lots for Jezal dan Luthar, constantly steering him from one direction to another. Deliberately averted for most other characters - inability to escape your old life is one of the major themes of the books. Although, later books suggest that the strain of being the ineffectual puppet of Bayaz and Glokta have pushed him back to his old life.
    • Monza during her revenge.
    • Calder after he loses his father and position.
    • Shivers starts out trying to do the right thing and gradually gives up over the course of Best Served Cold. Losing his eye is the breaking point. By The Heroes, he merits consideration as a candidate for the cruelest character in the series. That's no small achievement. But even after that, he's still not pure evil, evidenced by the finale of the Red Country.
    • Temple in Red Country manages to overcome his cowardice and avoid the fate Cosca has in mind for him, finally settling down with Shy in a small town and running a shop, having left the mercenaries behind.
  • Chekhov's Gun: Red Country mentions a few times that Iasiv has yet to make his finest performance, which he finally makes by the end. Also, the Mayor's contract with the Empire that Temple writes.
  • Chekhov's Gunman: The East Wind (Ishri) is first mentioned in The Blade Itself as one of Khalul's more dangerous disciples, but she doesn't make an appearance until Best Served Cold and is much more integral in The Heroes as some sort of pyrotechnics and weather sorceress.
  • The Chessmaster: Bayaz.
  • Church Militant: The Gurkish Temple, while many civilizations of the world have God, only the Gurkish Temple is headed by a crazy cannibal wizard who thinks that he is God's Right Hand to purify the unbelievers through fire and steel (though it's implied that Khalul uses his station as Prophet to control the Empire, much like how Bayaz has a permanent seat on the Union's Closed Council).
  • Cold-Blooded Torture:
    • Several instances in each book, generally performed by Glokta.
    • Also in Best Served Cold, with Shivers' torturers.
  • Complete-the-Quote Title: Some of the titles are this coupled with Literary Allusion Title, and are taken from a quote which is (one of the) work's epigraph(s):
    • The first novel, The Blade Itself comes from a quotation from Homer that "The blade itself incites to deeds of violence'' (as discussed here, it is a loose translation).
    • The second novel is titled Before They Are Hanged, and derives from a Henrich Heine quote, "We should forgive our enemies, but not before they are hanged."
    • The third novel's title, The Last Argument of Kings, refers to the words Louis XIV had inscribed on his cannons: "Ultima Ratio Regum," which is Latin for "the last argument of kings."
    • A standalone novel Best Served Cold derives from the proverb that "Revenge is a dish best served cold", which fits the novel being about the heroine's Roaring Rampage of Revenge.
    • Another standalone novel, The Heroes alludes to a quote by Bertolt Brecht that "Unhappy the land that is in need of heroes"
  • Continuity Nod: Characters from the original trilogy pop up in the later novels, some having much more impact later than they did originally. The dialogue in the stand-alone books also makes plenty of allusions to prior events.
  • Covers Always Lie: The setting of Best Served Cold—obviously modeled after Italy and Spain—as well as the style of the dueling make very clear that Monza's sword is made for fencing, not to mention it being described as thin at one point. Despite this the American hardcover shows Monza with not one but two arming swords, and the mass-market paperback has a snake curling itself around a greatsword of all things! As if that weren't bad enough the UK edition—which came out first—very clearly has a rapier on it. Why?
  • Crapsack World: Not just a shitty place to live, but a place that actively makes decent people shittier.
  • Dead Person Impersonation:
    • Tolomei, who, much to Bayaz' dismay was Not Quite Dead. She had been impersonating Malacus Quai since the middle of the first book.
    • At one point, Jezal notices that High Justice Morovia has eyes that are two different colors. The real man is actually lying dead and frozen.
  • Deadly Decadent Court: The Midderland court is portrayed like this, with some criminal levels of indifference and sometimes stupidity among its nobles.
  • Deadpan Snarker: Mainly Glokta, although many other characters give as well.
  • Deconstructor Fleet: One of fantasy's best. By the time of Red Country, Abercrombie is Deconstructing himself.
  • Democracy Is Bad: Arch Lector Sult and Bayaz believe that the people are too stupid and gullible to make their own decisions in any capacity.
  • Desperately Looking for a Purpose in Life: Ardee West. It's strongly implied that finally being of some use to someone has taken most of the sting out of her marriage to Glokta.
  • Distracted by the Sexy: Poor Logen in Before They Are Hanged.
  • Downer Ending:
    • Logen is left friendless, alone, and driven to jumping out a window, trading certain death for likely death. Glokta has given up on any hope that he might redeem himself and set to torturing for a malevolent master once again. Jezal lives beaten, disillusioned, and resigned to being a puppet at best, knowing that the man he hates most has married the only woman he ever loved. Ferro has abandoned all reason and gone off on her own to murder Khalul. Longfoot is maimed, and Bayaz has achieved his goal at the cost of immeasurable pain to those around him. Oh, and peace between The Union and Gurkhul is prevented because it would hamper Bayaz's desire to wage war against Khalul, dooming any chance of peace in the future as well. How's that for cheerful?
    • Also, Shivers' fate in Best Served Cold, although most other characters fare better. Or at least those left alive.
  • Do You Want to Copulate?: "You want to fuck?"
  • The Dragon:
    • Fenris the Feared in the trilogy
    • Shenkt in Best Served Cold ( although he turned out to have an agenda).
    • Shivers is one to Black Dow in The Heroes... until he turns on him - not because he wants the power, but simply in revenge for bad treatment. Then he becomes one to Calder.
  • The Dreaded: The aptly named Fenris the Feared.
  • Drowning My Sorrows:
    • Temple's gets drunk when he gets down on himself.
    • Ardee West drinks heavily when she starts to contemplate her wreckage of her life.
  • Dual Wielding: Jezal dan Luthar and other men of class use a form of swordplay somewhere between the style of the European parrying dagger and Musashi's katana/wakizashi combination, with one vaguely described "long steel" and one "short steel."
  • Duel to the Death: A popular custom in the North.
    • All the Named Men who follow Logen do so because they lost one to him, and he chose to spare them.
    • Quite a few throughout Best Served Cold, and not all with Monza.
    • The Heroes has a hilariously one sided bout between Black Dow and Calder.
    • Red Country has one between Glama Golden and Lamb/Logen.
  • Eccentric Mentor: Subverted, with a vengeance — Bayaz at first seems like your average grumpy wizard mentor. Quickly you suspect he's a much darker figure than that, but the full extent of his chessmastery is only revealed at the end, when you realize the number of people he betrayed while pinning the blame on someone else. In fact, he is as much a Big Bad as Khalul is, more so in fact since for all the lines he has crossed; Khalul's primary motivation is simply to bring Bayaz to justice for his murderous treachery.
  • Eldritch Location: The House of the Maker, then the Dead Lands surrounding the ruins of Alcus.
  • The Empire: The Gurkish empire from the south.
  • Every Scar Has a Story:
    • In the original trilogy, there's a scene where Jezal and co. bond over their respective stories and Logen and Longfoot tell stories about how they got theirs. All goes well until Longfellow presses Ferro on how she got hers, and she reveals she scarred herself as a way of spiting her owner, who was using her as a Sex Slave and would have sold her for that purpose.
    • Parodied in The Heroes in a scene where Stranger shows off various scars to other Northern warriors and tells how he got them in predictably badass, Barbarian Hero ways. In each instance, Black Dow drily notes how Stranger could have easily avoided those injuries.
  • Evil Albino: Played with in the case of Practical Frost, a large and passive man who just follows Glokta's orders. Played straight with him again when he betrays Glokta for no real reason.
  • Evil Is Deathly Cold: The female Eater Glokta encounters (later revealed to be Tolomei) leaves him with this impression. Given that she has literally made a Deal with the Devil and implies she has actually been to Hell, this might not be just metaphorical, either.
  • Evil Sounds Raspy: Justified with Shivers. In Best Served Cold, he's captured and tortured, causing him to damage his vocal chords screaming and to make a Face–Heel Turn. So his voice and his evil both have the same cause.
  • Facial Horror: Lots.
    • Glotka's ravaged appearance, particularly his destroyed teeth unnerve strangers as well as those who knew him prior to his torture.
    • The convict Pike who West befriends and who was formerly known as Salem Rews has a face that is frequently described as "melted", a result of a forge accident. Even Glokta finds it disturbing.
    • Following his Eye Scream incident in Best Served Cold, Shivers invokes this in everyone who sees him, even hardened warriors.
  • Fantasy Counterpart Culture: As explained by Abercrombie here:
    "So the Union I based around a kind of Holy Roman Empire (largely Germanic) with some banking and commerce from medieval Flanders and a political system closer to the Venetian Republic. That produced names like Sult, Marovia, Valint and Balk, Bremer dan Gorst. Gurkhul was more like an Ottoman Empire that had absorbed a whole range of Middle-Eastern and African cultures, producing names like Uthman-ul-Dosht, Khalul, Mamun, and Ferro Malacus Quai. With the North I went for something slightly different, a kind of Viking or Scots culture, but with a northern English tilt to the language, and in which the men were given names when they reached manhood related to some deed they’d done or the place they’d done it — things like Rudd Threetrees, Caul Shivers, Forley the Weakest, and Black Dow."
    • Styria is very similar to Early Modern Italy with a dash of Eastern Europe thrown in. Though they're never really expounded on, the throwaway references to Suljuk and Thond seem to evoke the Far East, although further throwaway comments seem to imply that the Thondese are white.
    • Red Country gives us The Ghosts/The Folk, who, appropriate to the Medieval Fantasy meets Wild West setting, are sort of Native Americans that look like Celts (pale skin, reddish hair, blue warpaint). They cut off ears instead of scalps.
  • Fantastic Drug: Aside from alcohol, there seem to be two main vices in Abercrombie's world: husk, which appears to be an expy of opium, and chagga, a weed smoked by the Northerners and frequently chewed by Cosca's motley band of mercenaries, which seems to combine elements of both marijuana and tobacco.
  • Fantasy Gun Control: On the cusp of aversion. The Gurkish enthusiasm for gunpowder is apparently contagious, and Bayaz oversees the testing of primitive cannons in The Heroes. A more advanced one is successfully field-tested in Red Country.
  • Fantastic Nuke: The Seed in Book 3, down to a mysterious illness very similar to radiation poisoning.
  • Fantasy World Map:
    • Downplayed in Best Served Cold, the opening of each section of the book has a map of the locale in Styria that the characters are currently occupying. When pieced together, a coherent map of the continent emerges.
    • And in The Heroes we actually get annotated maps of the ebb and flow of battle throughout the book.
  • A Father to His Men:
    • Marshall Burr is this, at least to West.
    • Curnden Craw to his dozen.
  • Fiery Redhead: Vitari in the original trilogy. Shy South from Red Country.
  • Foreshadowing: In The Blade Itself, Jezal spends a long time admiring himself in the mirror, particularly his chin, which he is especially proud of. One book later, he gets his jaw broken in his first real battle, and spends the rest of the series with a crooked chin and an obvious, though not disfiguring, scar.
    • Dow and West offer a bit of this, especially when Dow approves of killing a leader who turned on their own people, and is later interested that someone who did so might end up in charge.
  • Functional Magic: We get this gem from The Heroes
    Finree: "Why don't you just use magic?"
    Bayaz: "Because it's lot easier to just get people to kill each other."
  • The Ghost: Khalul.
  • Girlfriend in Canada: Wonderful's family comes up several times in conversation with her crew. Some of them ask he when she'll go back to them, and she laughs them off. Towards the end of the book, she admits she had returned to her farm for a visit several years ago. The entire valley they lived in was abandoned; she has no idea what happened to them.
  • Good with Numbers: Friendly, who is obsessed with counting.
  • Grim Up North: The North, played straight.
  • Grave Robbing: Shanka like it as well as the Gurkish sorcerers, but really no one is above the practice.
  • Handicapped Badass: Please, don't fuck with Glokta. It won't end well.
  • Happily Married: Subverted like crazy with Cas and Vitari in "Best Served Cold". Played straight with Calder and Seff in "The Heroes", though.
    • Double subverted then deconstructed with King Jezal and Princess Theresa's marriage in "The Last Argument of Kings". They look like a fair and happy family for everyone in public; however Theresa not just simply hates and despises her husband, but is actually a lesbian, and has been forced and threatened by Glokta to act like a good and loving wife, with the only goal to give birth to a royal heirs. She pulls her acting quite professionally.
  • Heroes Prefer Swords: Logen begins the book with an axe, but while he claims to be equally proficient with all weapons he never lets go of the Maker's sword once he acquires it, and chooses it himself from a very wide selection of weapons.note  Jezal is a trained duelist and carries two, and Ferro loves her sword almost as much as her bow. The Dogman also picks one up when shooting isn't an option. Of all the trilogy's protagonists, the only one who doesn't use one is Glokta and even he was a masterful duelist and successful cavalry officer in his youth.
    • Hell, even Glokta has a Sword Cane. Sure, it's only used once, but...
    • Continued in Best Served Cold, with Monza favoring her Calvez. Shivers takes things a step further, using a sword before his Face–Heel Turn, but switching to an axe after.
    • And again in The Heroes. Shivers inherits the Maker's sword. Craw, Gorst, and Beck never touch another weapon. Whirrun of Bligh is a genuine Hero and has a Cool Sword to go with his name.
  • Heel–Face Revolving Door: Shivers undergoes one across the entire series. He starts out as a good guy in the original trilogy, undergoes a Start of Darkness in Best Served Cold, is fairly villainous in The Heroes, and finally ends up a bit more like his original self in Red Country.
  • Heel–Faith Turn: Temple from Red Country. Oh so much.
  • Hero Killer: Fenris the Feared, specifically when he fights Rudd Threetrees.
  • Heroic Sacrifice: Deliciously subverted with Cosca's apparent death in Visserine. He is found by the invading soldiers, mistaken for a friendly casualty because of the uniform he stole and wore to infiltrate, and nursed back to health. He then proceeds to reclaim leadership of the Thousand Swords, right from under Monza's nose.
    • General Jallenhorm quite intentionally, to make up for his past failures in The Heroes.
  • High Collar of Doom: Archlecter Sult wears an immaculate white uniform, of which the high collar is occasionally mentioned.
  • Honorable Marriage Proposal: Glokta to Ardee in the last book. Once Jezal is king, it wouldn't be safe for her to have his child unless she was married to someone else. Given the nature of the world concerned, the "honorable" is only partly there, but it is the only way he can save her life.
  • Humanoid Abomination: Fenris the Feared, who was left over from the Old Time, created by Glustrad using magic from the World Below, immortal and nearly invulnerable. As his name suggests, merely looking at him fills one with fear and dread. It is said again and again that he is no man.
  • Idealized Sex: Constantly averted. Sex is almost always awkward, messy and a bit gross, especially the first time two lovers are together. That doesn't stop it from being portrayed as fun, mind.
  • The Igor: Glokta's practicals (assistant torturers) Severard and Frost, are portrayed this way.
  • I'm a Humanitarian: The Second Law is about eating the flesh of people, and the Eaters have broken it. Grants superhuman abilities, including differing levels of increased speed and strength. Aside from the speed and strength, some are given unique abilities like taking on the form of the eaten or use of High Art.
  • Immortality Immorality: The Magi (one in particular), combined with We Are as Mayflies.
  • Implacable Man: Fenris The Feared.
  • Ironic Name/ Ironic Nickname: Often used or played with throughout the series:
  • It Gets Easier: Logen and the rest of the Named Men basically run on this trope.
    • Red Beck however is a subversion, after he gets his name he turns his back on the whole business.
  • It Will Never Catch On: Whirrun invents the sandwich. No one is impressed. The specific line, however, is said in reference to the concept of sliced bread. And he sliced the bread with The Father of Swords, nonetheless.
  • Jerk Ass: A ridiculously high percentage of the characters.
  • Jerk with a Heart of Gold: Arguably Black Dow. He may be a dick, but he comes through for his companions when he's needed, and he can make some very heartfelt speeches when no one else will. He was also the only one brave enough to demand that the Bloody Nine answer for the slaying of Tul Duru and Crummock's child, as well as getting the North into a war it hadn't wanted.
  • Karma Houdini: Characters that at first seem like a monster end up being quite sympathetic by the end of the novels, whereas one or two that appeared good are revealed to be acting on very sinister motives.
  • Kick the Dog: Our heroes, Logen and Glokta, are determined to do this at least once every chapter. West as well, when he smacks Ardee around. Bayaz, at the series' end.
  • The Kingdom: Subverted, as Midderland isn't a very nice place to live.
  • King Bob the Nth: King Guslav V, High King of the Union.
  • King on His Deathbed: King Guslav.
  • Kneel Before Zod: Bayaz forces anyone who tries to stand up to him to kneel (often literally, with the aid of death threats and an Agony Beam like magic power), most notably Jezal at the end of the first trilogy and Calder in The Heroes. Correspondingly, Bayaz's pupil turned enemy, Shenkt, has the mantra/catchphrase "I will not kneel".
  • Knife Nut: You can never have too many of 'em...
  • Lipstick Lesbian: Terez
  • Little Girls Kick Shins: Crummock-i-Phail's daughter.
  • The Load: Crown Prince Ladisla, once the campaign in Angland goes awry. He does nothing but whine, complain, and sap resources from Colonel West. What he does when unsupervised leads directly to his death.
  • Ludicrous Gibs: Don't make Bayaz angry.
  • Mad Scientist's Beautiful Daughter: Tolomei.
  • Male Gaze: Almost always invoked around Ardee West. In The Blade Itself, this is done to spur drama between her and her brother. Its presence also serves to put a lurid sheen on the male viewpoint characters' perceptions, in keeping with the series grim tone.
  • The Man Behind the Man: Pretty much all of the conflicts throughout the books have their root in rival magi battling each other through numerous intermediaries.
  • Manipulative Bastard: The series is overflowing with them, but Bayaz takes first prize.
  • The Magic Goes Away: Slowly but surely. At present, though, both magi and Eaters retain quite a bit of power. The only power not fading is the Maker's power which may or may not be incredibly advanced technology.
  • Magic Versus Science: A war not particularly desired by anyone whose torch is nonetheless carried valiantly by Morveer. And even then, the lines are blurry. As the magic is supposedly leaking from the world, Bayaz seems to have no problem turning to science. If it can help him crush his enemies, he's all for it.
  • Master Poisoner: Morveer
  • The Mole:
    • Both Frost and Severard.
    • Bayaz has a few in the Northmen's camp in The Heroes.
  • Meaningful Name: Practical Frost is as white as snow and as cold as a blizzard.
  • Medieval Stasis: Played with. The Ghurkish are clearly beginning to use black powder in their military. On the other hand, the sword that Logen wields for most of the trilogy was made by Kanadius, who has been dead for at least a thousand years, and seems to be considered an approximately contemporary weapon.
  • Names to Run Away from Really Fast: In the North, Named Men are people badass enough to earn one of these, like Shama Heartless, the Bloody-Nine, or Tul Duru the Thunderhead. Sometimes, however, even the strongest among them gets pegged with an Unfortunate Nickname, such as Cracknut Whirrun or Caul Shivers, who fell in a freezing river during a raid.
  • Nice Job Breaking It, Hero: When confronted with the plan of the conspiracy to sell Dagoska to the Ghurkish, even Glokta agrees that it would have been a better outcome for almost everyone involved, at the very least saving thousands of lives.
  • No Doubt The Years Have Changed Me: Sergeant Pike, aka Salem Rews, to Glokta.
  • No Good Deed Goes Unpunished: Plenty of examples, but special mention should go to Logen ordering Black Drow to negotiate with Scale and Calder instead of fighting them. Black Drow does... and the three of them decide to kill Logen.
  • No Immortal Inertia: Eaters usually turn to dust when they are killed.
  • Nostalgia Filter: A lot of Northmen like to imagine that everything was glorious before Bethod set out to make himself king. Only a few characters point out that the "good old days" were even more pointlessly bloody than the present.
  • Not So Different: A recurring theme. Odds are farely good that opposing characters or factions will be more similiar than they care to admit.
  • Only Sane Man: West, during the Angland campaign. Subverted when he snaps, bites a man's nose off in a berserker rage, and then calmly murders the Crown Prince.
  • Our Ghouls Are Creepier: The Eaters are a combination of Ghoul and Vampire tropes. See Our Vampires Are Different.
  • Our Orcs Are Different: The Shanka are essentially orcs in everything but name.
  • Our Vampires Are Different: Eaters don't just drink blood, but must consume human flesh. In return, they gain a varying assortment of supernatural powers, including superhuman strength, immunity to pain, a potent Healing Factor, command of powerful magicks, shapeshifting, eternal youth, or any of a myriad other powers. As Shickle says, the boons granted by Eating vary by the individual. The one thing that all Eaters share, however, is their curse—they can never stop Eating.
  • Outgrown Such Silly Superstitions: Most of the Union and parts of Styria take this stance towards deities. Euz and his sons used to be worshiped in Midderland, but are currently seen as mere ancient heroes.
  • Pet the Dog: Glokta, Ferro, Logen, and even Severard get some.
    • Black Dow, of all people, gets a couple. Usually at someone's funeral. This one's particularly egregious, considering what the UNBELIEVABLE BASTARD in question has done. he was going to be a potter once...
  • Perfectly Arranged Marriage: Calder and his wife Seff were promised to each other since they were babies, yet they truly love each other, even despite Ugly Wife Hot Husband thing.
  • Perky Female Minion: Day, to Morveer.
  • The Quest: The focus of most of the second volume, subverted when they do not find the McGuffin at the end of their journey.
  • Quirky Miniboss Squad: Goyle's circus of practicals.
    • Monza's victims in Best Served Cold.
    • Possibly Khalul's small army of Eaters.
  • The Rainman: Friendly in Best Served Cold and Red Country. There were 37 letters in that sentence.
  • Red Right Hand: Yoru Sulfur has mismatched eyes, one blue, one green. It's mentioned every time he appears. It's the only thing he keeps when he changes form.
  • Reliable Traitor: Cosca's been on more or less every possible side of every conflict in Styria. Simultaneously, in some cases.
    • Hell, his status as a turncoat is so great that he has basically been on both sides of major conflicts in almost every single region of the world. In Last Argument of Kings, he has a literal turncoat for changing colors mid-venture.
  • Replicant Snatching: Yoru Sulfur most notably impersonating High Justice Marovia and The Tanner.
  • Rhetorical Question Blunder: When Glotka asks Ardee rhetorically why bad things happen to him after he is independently betrayed by both Frost and Severard, she responds, "Because you're a ruthless, plotting, bitter, twisted, self-pitying villain?
  • Roaring Rampage of Revenge: Best Served Cold.
  • Sacrificial Lion: Bethod's advance in Before They Are Hanged is halted when Shivers' crew manages to defeat Fenris the Feared's flanking maneuver. Threetrees doesn't survive the fight against the giant.
  • Satisfied Street Rat: Ferro Maljinn.
  • Scars Are Forever: Abercrombie seems to like scars on his characters. It appears to be one of the running features of his main cast to have some physical peculiarity or visible injury about them. If they don't, they soon gain it in one way or another, for example Jezal, who was hit in the face with a club mace and from Best Served Cold, Monza, who got thrown down a mountain after being stabbed several times.
  • Screw the Rules, I Have Money!: The Banking House of Valint and Balk. It's the primary means through which Bayaz maintains his influence over the world and its inhabitants.
  • Screw This, I'm Outta Here!:
    • Shivers does this regarding Black Dow's attempt to murder Logen at the end.
    • Vitari and Friendly appear to do this partway through Best Served Cold.
    • Beck in the end of The Heroes. Craw tries as well, but fails and returns to fighting.
  • Serial Escalation: Present in the original trilogy. At the beginning of the first book, the primary viewpoint characters are a storied but broke and alone Northman, a promising army Captain with no particular distinction to his name, and a mid-level operative in the Inquisition. By the middle of the third book, they are two kings and a member of the Closed Council, respectively, and the Council Member is running the whole Union behind the scenes.
  • Shaggy Dog Story: The epic quest to retrieve the Seed that takes up the bulk of Before They Are Hanged. The Seed was hidden in the House of the Maker the whole time.
  • Sheltered Aristocrat: Jezal, and to a greater extent Ladisla.
  • Shoot the Shaggy Dog
  • Shout-Out: For a change of pace, Black Dow is a shout-out to James Douglas, Robert the Bruce's Dragon. Contemporary spelling of his nickname would have been "the Blak Dowglas," and like Dow, he was the most feared northerner of his day, known for guerilla warfare and for an incident where he massacred and burned his enemies.
  • Smug Snake: Castor Morveer is inordinately impressed by his own deviousness.
  • Sociopathic Hero: Ferro, Black Dow, The Bloody-Nine, eventually, Shivers, although the "hero" part is practically non-existent.
  • So Much for Stealth: The Dogman, despite his fame for stealthiness, has a habit of tripping over stumbling over things when silence is vital.
  • Son of a Whore: Jezal. Bayaz claims that his father was some unknown patron, not the King of the Union.
  • The Stoic: Harding Grim, also an Archer. Shivers after his... accident.
  • The Straight Will And Grace: Curnden Craw and Wonderful in The Heroes.
  • Superpowered Evil Side:
    • Logen Ninefingers is a pretty decent guy and a powerful warrior, but his split personality the Bloody-Nine is a nigh-indestructible personification of violence. When a battle gets too tough, Logen is prone to suffering a Split Personality Takeover, where the Bloody-Nine takes over and kills everything in his field of vision. It's unclear whether this personality is supernatural in origin.
    • In Best Served Cold, Caul Shivers undergoes a very similar transformation as the Bloody-Nine. It's unclear whether this was a one-time occurrence or if he's haunted by the same affliction as Logen.
  • Supporting Leader: Rudd Threetrees' actions shape the the Angland War's outcome more than anyone else's, but Threetrees isn't a viewpoint character. Instead, he is a supporting character for chapters told through the perspective of the Dogman, who eventually replaces Threetrees after his death.
  • Tautological Templar: Bayaz, who believes civilization cannot function without his guidance, even if he has to massacre a few thousand people every now and then.
  • Teeth-Clenched Teamwork: Happens in both Bayaz' expedition and among the leadership of the Angland campaign. In the former case, it leads to a comfortable working relationship between Jezal, Logen Ninefingers, and Ferro. In the latter, it just leads to greater and greater tensions, until the army is ultimately paralyzed when Lord Marshal Burr is no longer present to keep his Generals from fighting each other.
  • Then Let Me Be Evil: A big part of Shivers' decision to join Monza, and his later Face–Heel Turn; upstanding morals don't go down well in Styria, especially not when the guy with the morals is a Northman.
  • There Is Another: Bayaz invokes this trope by surprise upon the Open Council as they prepare to elect a new king after both princes and their father are dead, revealing that King Guslav V had a bastard who has been raised in secret among the nobility. None other than Jezal dan Luthar. Then subverted when Bayaz reveals Jezal was not royal, just a useful pawn.
  • Those Two Bad Guys:
    • Frost and Severard.
    • Deep and Shallow in The Heroes.
  • Token Evil Teammate: Black Dow. Sure, he looks after his companions and respects the "good" ones of the lot. At the same time, he's a horrible, murderous bastard and everyone knows it. His loyalties are about the only thing holding him in check... and even that doesn't always work. And then he goes and uses his time as regent to form and consolidate a power base, (probably) more or less murders Logen, plunges the North into another civil war, and seems dead-set on being an even worse ruler than Bethod ever was.
  • Torture Always Works: Even though he doesn't always necessarily want the confessions his victims give him to be truthful, Glokta always knows when he's being lied to.
  • Too Dumb to Live: Ladisla (But that's not what kills him!)
  • Two Aliases, One Character: Comes up a lot:
    • Somewhat overlapping with My Grandson Myself, Bayaz claims, apparently truthfully, that following his disappearance centuries before, he's been returning to the Union under different identities to serve as advisers to various kings. Of particular note, he was also Arch Lector Zoller, the notoriously harsh founder of the Inquisition. He's also both Valint and Balk.
    • The horribly burned convict Pike befriended by West turns out to be Salem Rews, last seen sent to a penal colony in the North by Glotka; Rews had an accident in the forge on his first day. This is revealed in a case of No Doubt The Years Have Changed Me a the very end of the trilogy.
    • Toward the end of the trilogy, a peasant revolt starts lead by a man calling himself The Tanner. He is transparently Yoru Sulfur, and this is an early hint at his shapeshifter abilities. It is later revealed that the revolt was set up with a fake leader by Bayaz so that it could be easily suppressed and Jezal could be made to look like a populist hero.
    • Lamb and The Mayor in Red Country are clearly Logen Ninefingers and Carlot dan Eider.
  • Unreliable Narrator: In Best Served Cold Morveer often thinks about his mother death and how it has traumatized him and we sort of sympathize with him as he recalls how he was bullied in the orphanage. That is, until we find out that he actually poisoned his mother, as well as literally every person he ever had more than a passing acquaintance with.
  • The Uriah Gambit: A Northern proverb cited in several books states that during battle is the best time to settle a score with an enemy on your side, as after battle, people don't look closely at the positioning of wounds on corpses. In a bit of parallelism, the proverb is always raised in regard to Shivers- the first time it comes up, Logen worries that Shivers will backstab him; in the second time, Shivers thinks of the proverb when considering backstabbing Monza; and the third time, it is raised as something that could be done to Shivers, who is an unpopular messenger for Black Dow.
  • Vestigial Empire:
    • The Union and Gurkhul.
    • The Old Empire has sunk beyond "vestigial."
  • Wave Motion Gun: Wave Motion Vortex Spell Of Death
  • Warrior Poet: Logen Ninefingers
  • What Happened to the Mouse?:
    • The last we see of Finree's friend Aliz, she's still in the clutches of Stranger-Come-Knocking. Who wants children.
    • Also, Bedesh, third son of Euz. The fates of Juvens, Kanedias, and Glustrod are all well-detailed in the trilogy. All that is mentioned of Bedesh is that he could speak to the spirits and hid the Seed after Glustrod's defeat.


http://tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pmwiki.php/Literature/TheFirstLaw