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Film: Cloud Atlas
Trust us—there are far more characters.

A film based on David Mitchell's (no, not that David Mitchell) 2004 novel, Cloud Atlas is a sweeping epic that connects wildly different genres and writing styles into a single narrative. The film consists of six nested stories, each set in a different place and era, moving forwards in time from the 19th century all the way to the future After the End. Each story and style is a pastiche of the most recognizable examples of the genre, and lovingly combines old clichés with new twists. A comet-shaped birthmark appears in each story on the protagonist, and the characters reference names, places, and experiences from other stories. In chronological order, the six stories are:

  • The Pacific Journal of Adam Ewing (1859): An American notary, returning by ship from the Chatham Islands of New Zealand, keeps a journal of his journey through the Pacific Ocean accompanied by a Moriori stowaway. Ewing has been infected with a parasitic worm, of which Dr. Henry Goose is trying to cure him. A partial copy of the edited and published journal is found and read by Robert Frobisher...
  • Letters from Zedelghem (1931): Robert Frobisher is a tremendously snarky English musician and aspiring composer, formerly Rich In Pounds, Poor In Sense and now penniless after a bad game. On the run, he charms his way into a job as an assistant to a retired composer, settling with his employer in Zedelghem, Belgium. He records his experiences in a series of letters, which he sends to his friend and lover Rufus Sixsmith. Much later in life, the letters are read by Luisa Rey...
  • Half-Lives: The First Luisa Rey Mystery (1973): Luisa Rey is a reporter for a fluffy media magazine in Northern California, when she crosses paths with the old Dr. Sixsmith. She starts investigating reports of ongoing corruption connected to the local nuclear power plant, and winds up with Sixsmith's collection of letters. Her story is presented as a mystery novel manuscript, submitted to Timothy Cavendish...
  • The Ghastly Ordeal of Timothy Cavendish (2012): Cavendish is an old, glum British vanity press publisher who gets in trouble with a client and ends up trapped by his brother in a retirement home in a rather undignified Kafka Komedy. His experience forms the basis of a film, which is later seen by Sonmi~451...
  • An Orison of Sonmi~451 (2144): Sonmi is a fabricant, a genetically-engineered clone, employed at the Papa Song's diner chain. She lives in Neo Seoul in a dystopian near future. Fabricants have been created as slaves to a capitalist, totalitarian society — and Sonmi had the misfortune of developing intelligence far beyond the limits of her genetic engineering. Her story is told in a final interview, during which she's allowed to tell an uncensored account of her entire life. The recording of this interview, called an orison, is viewed by Zachry...
  • Sloosha's Crossin' an' Ev'rythin' After (106 years after the Fall): Zachry, an elder of a tribe in post-apocalyptic Hawaii that regards Sonmi as their god, meets Meronym, a member of Earth's last advanced civilization. His story is set in a distant future, where most of humanity has died out. In his old age, he narrates his experiences around a camp-fire.

Instead of being sequential, the film continually leaps back and forth between stories.

This film contains examples of the following tropes:

  • Adaptational Attractiveness: Averted with Isaac and Zachry (both played by Tom Hanks), who are significantly less attractive in the film than in the novel.
  • Adaptation Dye-Job: Sonmi-model fabricants are implied to have white hair in the novel; in the film they have black hair with a few streaks of bright color.
  • Adaptational Heroism:
    • The Union is actually a true rebellion in the film, in comparison to the book in which it is just a fake.
    • Cavendish's more racist and misogynistic aspects of his personality aren't even brought in the film.
  • Adaptation Name Change: Nea So Copros (which presumably refers to all of Korea) becomes Neo Seoul. While the book makes it clear that none of the names he goes by are real, Hae-Joo Im is named Hae-Joo Chang in the film, as his film version is a Composite Character of Im and Chang.
  • After the End: Zachry's era, which they call "After the Fall".
  • Age Lift: In the book, Zachry is a young man who lives with his mother and siblings. In the film, he's a middle-aged man living with his widowed sister and niece. The change was necessary for Tom Hanks to play the part.
  • Alien Non-Interference Clause: Meronym in the final segment is from a more advanced Earth civilization, not an alien, but this still applies to her. Zachry manages to convince her to use her medical equipment to save Zachry's sister. To avoid potential problems, they inject her secretly, so she just appears to have a miraculous recovery; subverting the trope.
  • Alien Sky: This trope appears at the end of the film to show that an aging Zachry is narrating his tale from one of the off-world colonies long after being rescued.
  • Always Save the Girl: Hae-Joo and Sonmi have this trope going on.
  • Ambiguous Disorder: Frobisher suffers tremendously from bipolar disorder, but being from 1931, he has no idea that anything's wrong with him.
  • An Aesop: Spelled out for us by Sonmi's revelation: "To be is to be perceived, and so to know thyself is only possible through the eyes of the other. The nature of our immortal lives is in the consequences of our words and deeds, that go on and impressionate themselves throughout all time. Our lives are not our own. From womb to tomb, we are bound to others. Past and Present. And by each crime and every kindness we birth our future."
    • Also changed by the adaption: the book is more invested in the idea of slavery and freedom; the film is more invested in the idea of racial divides and harmony- although multiple themes are present in both works.
  • Arc Words: There are all kinds of repeated references across the six eras. Hydras, feeding ducks, a "crocodile" of people, eating soap, cannibalism, etc. Frobisher's "Cloud Atlas Sextet" follows the same pattern the novel does, and he associates each of the six movements of his piece with an instrument.
    • "I will not be subjected to criminal abuse!"
    • "The weak are meat the strong do eat."
    • “Our lives are not our own. From womb to tomb, we are bound to others, past and present.”
  • Artistic License – Geography: Given that California was admitted to the Union as a free state, it's highly unlikely that a family who works in the slave trade would have put down roots there.
  • Ascend to a Higher Plane of Existence: Subverted in the Sonmi narrative. After ten years, the Fabricants believe they're going on to "Xultation", but, just like Logans Run, it's a front for the grislier fate of harvesting them for food.
  • Ate His Gun: The first time we see Frobisher, he is employing this trope.
  • Badass: Hae-Joo Im in the 2100s, bordering on One-Man Army levels. And Zachry when he has to fight Kona cannibals.
  • Back-Alley Doctor: The shady character of Ovid, who removes Sonmi~451's collar to allow her to appear to be a pureblood.
  • Bar Brawl: At the end of the 2012 story.
  • Battleaxe Nurse: A scary one runs the nursing home where Cavendish is confined.
  • Bavarian Fire Drill: Involving the Bar Brawl above (also see Violent Glaswegian below).
  • Berserk Button: The Mexican woman kills the assassin after he shoots her dog and calls her a wetback.
  • Big Bad: Pretty much any character played by Hugo Weaving. He's a slave trader in 1849, a Nazi in 1936, a murderous hit man in 1973, an oppressive battleax nurse in 2012, a politician who signs Sonmi's death warrant in 2144, and in 2321, he's literally the devil.
  • Birthmark of Destiny: Ewing, Frobisher, Rey, Cavendish, Sonmi, and Zachry all have the exact same birthmark, though the birthmark is placed in various dramatically appropriate locations for each character. This birthmark is one of the main manifestations of the reincarnation theme.
  • Bittersweet Ending: Each story ends ranges from tragic to uplifting, so in the end, the story as a whole is bittersweet. The very last chronological story involves civilization fleeing Earth and moving off-world toward an unknown but hopeful future, with Meronym and Zachry Happily Married..
  • Blackface: Inverted. Halle Berry plays a white woman, Jocasta Ayrs, in Frobisher's story.
  • Bloody Hilarious: The critic's death that kicks off Cavendish's story.
  • A Bloody Mess: Frobisher does his best to avoid making a mess, but it leads to this trope regardless in the film, when Sixsmith clings to his lifeless body.
  • Body Horror: Ewing's parasite. Subverted. He's actually being poisoned, though the results of that aren't pretty either.
  • Bookends: The film starts and ends with a shot of the Milky Way in the night sky.
  • Breather Episode: The Ghastly Ordeal of Timothy Cavendish, while creepy in places, is funnier and more light-hearted than the other segments.
  • Brick Joke: Cavendish trying to rally his fellow nursing-home inmates with "Soylent Green is people!" gets an Ironic Echo when Sonmi~451 discovers what really happens to Fabricants chosen for Xultation...
  • Broken Pedestal: Zachry and his people worship a goddess called Sonmi. It comes as a shock to him to learn that Sonmi in fact was a human being.
  • Brownface: Bae Doona plays a Mexican woman in one storyline. Jim Broadbent also shows up as a brown-skinned prescient.
  • Burger Fool: Papa Song's Dinery where Sonmi~451 and her fellow clones work is a nightmare version of a fast food restaurant. In the novel, it's strongly implied to literally just be McDonalds, with multiple references to its "Golden Arches", the red and yellow colour scheme, and the Papa Song mascot resembling a clown. The film (very likely to avoid getting sued into oblivion) avoids this, having Papa Song look like an obese, smiling yellow Buddha-like figure, which is strongly thematically relevant on its own, given that Sonmi eventually becomes a REAL Buddha-like being in history herself and Buddha is mentioned very prominently in her story in the novel.
  • Call Forward:
    • Frobisher, when presented with the opportunity to slit Ayrs's throat, has a sort of reverse deja vu calling forward to Zachry slitting a Kona's throat.
    • Another one occurs in Frobisher's story, when Ayrs laughs at the idea of having sex with Frobisher; when they have reincarnated as Timothy and Georgette, they end up having an affair.
  • Can't Stop the Signal: Sonmi's revelations somehow escape to reach all of Neo Seoul / Nea So Copros, and are passed down word-for-word until they are regarded as sacred texts.
  • The Chosen One: That's how the rebels see Sonmi~451.
  • Cloning Blues: Various types of fabricants are mass-produced to perform all sorts of tasks in Sonmi's era. As a result, human society has become dependant on the fabricants never questioning their lot in life. Indeed, fabricants are created specifically to be incapable of questioning their lot. How and why Sonmi (and her predecessor and friend Yoona) are different is an important plot point.
  • Comic Book Fantasy Casting: In-universe. When Cavendish is planning the escape with his compatriots, he imagines that a film adaptation should have the hero be "Sir Laurence Olivier with a dash of Michael Caine."
  • Composite Character: The film pragmatically combines some characters, like Noakes and Deirdre, Hae-Joo Im and Chang, Lloyd and Grimaldi, etc.
  • Conveniently Timed Attack From Behind: At the end of the 1973 story, when Smoke has Luisa and Napier cornered at gunpoint, the latter having run out of ammo. Just before he pulls the trigger, the Mexican woman whose dog Smoke had shot hits him over the head with a large tool.
  • Corrupt Corporate Executive: Lloyd in the 1975 storyline.
  • The Corrupter: Old Georgie, the future Hawaiian imagery of the devil. Zachry's tribe have a strong storytelling culture and smoke a whole lot of weed, so for them, seeing and hearing Old Georgie is as normal as anything. He very appropriately looks like a Hawaiian witch doctor in the film version.
  • Crosscast Role: Hugo Weaving, Halle Berry, and Ben Whishaw each have a role in another gender.
  • Cross Through: Basically Cross Through: The Movie.
  • Crucified Hero Shot: In the film, the way the mechanisms of the fabricant recycling plant drag bodies along ends up with a different Sonmi (designated 351 in the credits, just to make it seem even more like our Sonmi) speared through the ankles with her arms spread-eagle.
  • Cult Classic: In-Universe, The Ghastly Ordeal of Timothy Cavendish is considered something like this by 2144. A scene from the movie also plays a role in Sonmi's revelation in the film version.
  • Cyber Punk: Neo Seoul in the film is this crossed with Crapsaccharine World.
  • Deadly Doctor: Henry Goose, though Ewing eventually doubts that he was anything more than a murderous confidence trickster.
  • Death by Adaptation: A Type 1 happens with Dr. Henry Goose. See Karmic Death.
  • Deconstruction: Of a large number of tropes (see the entire page), maybe even storytelling itself, using Cross Throughs and Acting for Two to demonstrate the presence of the same tropes in six rather different stories.
  • Deliberate Values Dissonance:
    • Ewing is very progressive for his time period, but still a product of his age. He's initially frightened that a Moriori stowaway will eat him.
    • Frobisher is antisemitic and looks down on the working classes, as a typical son of wealthy British gentry of his period would.
    • Timothy Cavendish has the lingering racism and disgust for youth culture that you might expect a bitter old man to have in modern times.
    • Future Korea is a dystopia filled with deliberate values dissonance.
    • In future Hawaii, Zachry has a child at a very young age with a girl he barely knows. This doesn't seem to be considered abnormal, probably because life expectancies are so short.
  • Depraved Bisexual: Robert Frobisher — charming, hedonistic, manipulative, thieving, sees no problem with cheating, freely admits he'll never truly love anyone but himself (though in the end, he almost admits he loves Sixsmith... unless the "sole love of [his] short, bright life" he refers to is actually music.) and leaps easily from one conquest to the next. He's a true self-absorbed sensualist and opportunist.
  • Dies Wide Open: Happens several times.
  • Diner Brawl: When a rowdy customer at Papa Song's gets a little too frisky with Yoona, he gets a punch to the head. Unfortunately, Yoona's owner kills her on the spot a few moments later, however, as she tries to escape.
  • Doesn't Like Guns: Luisa says that guns make her sick. This might tie her story in with the pacifist Moriori tribe in the Adam Ewing storyline, and more prominently with Robert Frobisher's story.
  • Doomed Appointment: Mentioned by the genre-savvy Javier Gomez:
    Luisa Rey: "I promise I'll tell you everything that happened in the morning."
    Javier Gomez: "Okay, but I hope you realize you just said exactly what every character in any decent mystery says right before they get killed."
    • Immediately subverted with the dark figure waiting in her room, who turns out to be a friends.
  • Doomed Hometown: The Kona destroy Zachry's camp and kill or enslave his family and people.
  • Doomed Moral Victor: Sonmi. To the point that she's worshipped as a god in the future.
  • Driven to Suicide: Frobisher, as depicted in his very first scene.
  • Dystopia: Nea So Copros/Neo Seoul. How dystopic? Sonmi refers to other dystopian authors as "optimists".
  • Eternal English: Averted. Ewing's and Frobisher's writing perfectly evokes the English of their eras. In 2144, many spellings are truncated (see Fictionary).
  • Eternal Recurrence: The idea of slavery is a recurring theme across times:
    • Colonial slavery in America of 1859.
    • Backstreet sweatshops in 1973.
    • Engineered fabricants in 2144.
  • Exact Words: Zachry once gets the chance to surprise a sleeping Kona, and prepares to slit his throat. But then he remembers the seer's words, warning him never to slit the throat of a sleeping enemy. So he wakes up the Kona, and then slits his throat.
  • Explosive Leash: The Fabricants are fitted with collars containing a small explosive, not big enough to cause anyone else harm but enough to burst the jugular of the Fabricant.
  • Faceless Goons: The police force in the New Seoul subplot with their black dresses and masks.
  • Fanservice with a Smile: Deconstructed in the film. The fabricant servers at Papa Song's wear quite revealing shorts and heels and receive sexual harassment as a result from some customers (and because "pureblood" humans treat fabricants like dirt).
  • Fantastic Racism: Against fabricants — just look at Sonmi's attempt to attend a university lecture. By her time, however, actual racism is completely gone.
  • Fictionary: In 2144, many spellings are truncated (particularly, "gh" seems to have been dropped entirely, resulting in "lite" and "thoro", etc.; additionally, "exactly" has become "xactly", etc.) and brand names have substituted several everyday terms ("disney" versus "film"). Both spelling and grammar have changed a good deal after the Fall, although Meronym speaks it in a more twentieth century form in her communication with her ship's captain.
  • Foregone Conclusion: In the film, Frobisher's suicide.
  • Foreshadowing: All over. Just a few examples, more can be found here [1].
    • Ayrs talks about a dream he has in "Letters from Zedelghem" — of a restaurant where all the waitresses have the same face, in a reference to "An Orison of Sonmi~451".
    • As Cavendish travels through the countryside, he mentions one area has been turned into a facility for "cloning humans for shady Koreans". A bit later, as Cavendish escapes Aurora House, he makes a crack about Soylent Green. The nurse also threatens to make him eat soap. These all apply to "An Orison of Sonmi~451".
    • And in Half-Lives, Luisa Rey and Dr. Sachs discuss the notion of past lives, and Sachs tells her about feeling the two have met before. But it turns out to be a Flash Forward instead, when characters played by Tom Hanks and Halle Berry meet again in Sloosha's Crossin'.
      • There's another moment in Ghastly Ordeal, when Hoggins flirts with an Indian woman. Again, they're played by Tom Hanks and Halle Berry.
  • Five-Man Band: Cavendish is a part of one in his story to break out of Aurora House, though its more like a Four Man Band.
    • The Hero/The Smart Guy: Erine comes up with the plans to break out and Cavendish calls him "ruddy ruddy Genius" in a moment of panic.
    • The Lancer: Timothy Cavendish helps put Noakes at bay and drives the getaway car.
    • The Chick: Veronica is the only lady of group and fits The Smurfette Principle, though she helps in taking the phone they need to kickstart their escape.
    • The Load/Eleventh Hour Ranger: Mr. Meeks. Meeks wants to get out, but he's a bit of a loon and doesn't do much. Until they get to the bar and he helps enlist the patrons to save them from Noakes.
  • Future Slang:
    • Sonmi's era has been hit hard by this trope. Anything that began with 'ex' now only starts with 'x', and everyday items are referred to by the brand we would most readily associate with them, only without the capital letter. Hence nikes (running shoes), sonys (computers), disneys (movies) etc. Explicitly an example of Brand Name Takeover on a global scale, as her world is run by corporations.
    • The humans of Zachry's era developed their own future slang as well, though it's more primitive.
  • Genre-Busting/Genre Roulette: Each story is a completely different genre, including Period Drama, Historical Fiction, Cyberpunk, Film Noir, Adventure, Satire, Comedy, Dystopia, Science Fantasy, Space Opera, Romantic Comedy, Romance, Spy Fiction, Mystery Fiction, Tragedy, and about everything inbetween.
  • Genre Savvy: Javier Gomez in the 1970s subplot. See Doomed Appointment and Writing Indentation Clue.
  • Genteel Interbellum Setting: Frobisher's era. His letters read like a particularly bitter P. G. Wodehouse novel.
  • Glad-to-Be-Alive Sex: In the book, between Sonmi and Hae-Joo after witnessing the fabricant recycling plant. In the film, this happens because they have escaped Unanimity soldiers.
  • Gorn: While there is quite a bit of blood in the film, it's much more restrained than one would think.
    • Yoona's slave collar slits her throat pretty graphically.
    • The fabricant slaughterhouse.
    • Frobisher's suicide is very bloody.
    • The Kona Chief's death has a lot of blood spewing out of his throat.
    • The critic's death after being thrown off the roof by Hoggins — he doesn't just land, he splatters.
  • Gun Kata: Hae-Joo Chang is pretty well trained in this, judging how easily he defeats multiple Mooks.
  • Hand Gagging: When Joe ambushes Luisa Rey in her apartment, he uses his gloved hand to muffle her screaming.
  • Handy Remote Control: The supervisor at Papa Song's uses a remote device he produces from his pocket to make Yoona's slave collar slit her throat.
  • Happiness in Slavery: Pretty much the main theme of the novel and film. Slavery appears in some form or another in every story:
    • Adam Ewing slowly comes to realize that social darwinism is wrong. Explicitly referenced in the film, when Reverend Horrox, to prove a point, asks the slave serving them at the time if he is happier here working on the plantation than being free amongst his people. The slave says yes.
    • Van Ayres tries to blackmail Frobisher into remaining his assistant and supplying him with music to steal.
    • Luisa and Joe stumble on a sweatshop.
    • The retirement home that Cavendish is sent to is essentially a prison. Residents are expected to pretend to be happy with their "new life."
    • Sonmi and her fabricant sisters are engineered to be happy in slavery.
  • Heartbeat Soundtrack: Though it's somewhat difficult to hear over the score, the audience finally hears Hae-Joo's heart as Sonmi~451 does as it slows to a stop.
  • Hidden Elf Village: Meronym's civilization is strongly implied to be this, due to the fact that they've retained technology from Sonmi's time.
  • Hit So Hard the Calendar Felt It: All the stories use the current Western years save Zachry's, which is dated as "106 winters after the Great Fall."
  • Humans Are the Real Monsters: Played straight, subverted, invoked, played straight again, and discussed at length. Arguably, the degree of truth to this trope is the main theme of the novel.
  • Human Resources: Fabricants are turned into food for new fabricants.
  • I'm a Humanitarian: Cannibalism, both literal and figurative, is a running motif through most of the stories. A few examples: In the first story Ewing is afraid the Moriori will eat him, and Dr. Goose remarks, "The weak are meat, the strong do eat." Cavendish jokingly references Soylent Green. In Sonmi's story Fabricants are recycled into food and other Fabricants, and the last story just has a tribe of outright cannibals.
  • Hypocritical Humor: Timothy Cavendish initially criticizes the manuscript of Half-Lives: The First Luisa Rey Mystery sent to his publishing house for being badly written and obviously intended to be turned into a screenplay. His own story suffers from Stylistic Suck, and he ends up putting in explicit directions for its future director (whom he imagines as a reclusive Swede named "Lars").
  • Impairment Shot: From the POV of a man who is being poisoned.
  • Incompatible Orientation: In the film, Frobisher nurtures an affection for Ayrs that is cruelly dashed against the rocks when he tries to make an advance.
  • Intrepid Reporter: Luisa Rey.
  • Kafka Komedy: Cavendish' story.
  • Karmic Death: Dr. Goose gets bludgeoned over the head with the money he was trying to steal.
  • Kick the Dog: The assassin in 1973 shoots the dog of a woman who is annoying him by not speaking English.
  • Knuckle Tattoos: Dermot Hoggins (Tom Hanks) in the 2012 story.
  • Kukris Are Kool: Autua has one in the scene where he asks Adam to kill him rather than give him up to the Captain.
  • La Résistance:
    • The Union in Neo Seoul.
    • Cavendish mounts a minor one in the retirement home.
  • Large Ham: Several actors get to have a lot of fun.
    • Tom Hanks really gets to let loose in several of his roles, especially with Dr. Henry Goose and Dermont.
    • Jim Broadbent as Cavendish is very fun to watch and his narration is the most playful than any of the other ones.
    • Most of Hugo Weaving's performances are pretty restrained, but he completely gobbles the scenery as Old Georgie.
  • Laser-Guided Karma: Occurs repeatedly, both for good actions (such as Ewing saving Adua's life, and then being saved by him) and bad (as when Smoke shoots a woman's dog and is later killed by her). Plays heavily into the theme that our actions create our own future.
  • Leitmotif: The film gives one to Cavendish; the other stories utilize Recurring Riff to the fullest as opposed to using character-specific motifs.
  • Lighter and Softer: Cavendish's story is the most comedic, though its narrator is also the most curmudgeonly.
  • Loads and Loads of Characters: Yet achieved with a limited set of actors.
  • Locked into Strangeness: Zachry tells a story about a man named Truman, whose black hair went white from the shock of seeing Old Georgie harvesting a soul.
  • Lonely Piano Piece: "The Cloud Atlas Sextet" in the film is a twinkly Debussy-esque piece. Strangely, the music only features one piano and one violin playing backup (i.e. not actually a sextet).
  • Lost Technology: By the time of Zachry's era, technology has mostly devolved back to the iron age, but a small group has access to some stuff on our current level and a even a few objects more advanced than anything we currently have.
  • Magical Negro: Shown as the technologically advanced elites in the far future setting. Notably, the white characters live a primitive, tribal lifestyle. In many ways this comes off as a satirical inversion of the classic Victorian White Man's Burden setup.
  • Manipulative Bastard: Frobisher, very much so. As is Ayrs.
  • May-December Romance: Briefly one-sided from Frobisher toward Ayrs in the film. May also just be another manipulation tactic.
  • Matter Replicator: Sophisticated 3D-printer-like devices are seen rapidly assembling fast food in Papa Song's.
  • Meaningful Name:
    • Two of the Corrupt Corporate Executives of Seaboard in the Luisa Rey story have the last names "Hooks" and "Wiley".
    • Sixsmith partially inspired Frobisher's creation (smithing) of the Cloud Atlas Sextet (a piece written for six players).
    • Jocasta, the composer Vyvyan Ayrs's wife. In Greek Mythology, the wife of King Laios of Thebes and mother of Oedipus. In the film, Depraved Bisexual Robert Frobisher (son figure) makes love with Jocasta (mother figure), the wife of Vyvyan (father figure)
    • A "meronym" means something that is part of a whole.
  • Mega Corp.: The Corpocracy in 2144. Doubles as The Government and Police State.
  • Meta Twist: Timothy mentions Soylent Green in connection with cloned Koreans before Sonmi's story even starts; the clones all drinking the same nutrients each day invokes the connection very strongly. But the plot thread seemingly gets dropped very early on in Sonmi's tale, to focus on political intrigue instead. Small hints are dropped — a reference to Malthus, for example. By the time Sonmi reaches the ship, it's of course a Foregone Conclusion that Xultation isn't real... but the sudden return of the Soylent Green theme is unexpected, if just because the story already includes such a large number of other famous sci-fi twists in its loving pastiche. And then it gets taken a step further when it turns out that not just the Soap is made of discarded clones, but also the regular food in Papa Song's diner.
  • Mind Screw: Each story initially appears to be set in the same universe as its predecessor. This is toyed with when Frobisher questions the veracity of Ewing's journal, then completely undermined when Cavendish receives Rey's story as a the manuscript for a fictional novel. Yet connections between the characters seem to bridge this fiction-reality divide, such as the shared birthmark of Frobisher, Rey, Sonmi, and Meronym. Similarly, the reader is led to believe that all of the protagonists are one reincarnated soul, marked by the distinctive birthmark, but this is disputed since the lifespans of Luisa Rey and Timothy Cavendish should overlap... unless they're two aspects of the same person, since they're the exact same age. Her being a fictional character in his universe might be a more significant barrier, unless she was real and "Half-Lives" is a story based on her adventures — which is entirely possible. The film implies this possibility more heavily than the book, because in the film the "Half-Lives" manuscript is written by Javier Gomez, the same kid who routinely drops in to visit Luisa and doesn't shut up about mystery tropes.
    • Cavendish and Luisa Rey may actually be of exactly the same age: she was born in 1947 (would turn sixty-five in 2012), and Cavendish is "65 and a half" in 2012. Can one soul be divided in two?
  • The Mourning After: It's implied Sixsmith lived forty-five more years, but never loved again after Frobisher. Ouch.
  • Multicolored Hair: What the novel implies to be white hair on the fabricants is instead normal Asian black hair in the film, but with two locks of some bright color.
  • Nested Story: With the relationship between the various narratives left deliberately unclear. Robert Frobisher thinks Adam's journal looks fake, the archivist interviewing Sonmi refuses to accept parts of her story, and Zachry's son thinks his dad probably made part of his story up. It's entirely purposeful, and it ties into what Isaac Sachs writes about virtual pasts and virtual futures.
  • New Neo City: Neo Seoul.
  • Next Sunday A.D.: "The Ghastly Ordeal of Timothy Cavendish" takes place in 2012; the novel was published in 2004. Ironically, the movie was released in 2012, so the story became a contemporary one, even though it wasn't so in the book.
  • Not Quite Dead
  • No True Scotsman: Inverted, invoked, and exploited by Mr. Meeks in the pub.
  • Only a Flesh Wound: "The bullet went right through and killed nothing but his appetite."
  • Pastiche: Every story. Most notable in Sonmi's chapters. The film even adds some wonderful Gun Kata straight out of Equilibrium to her story.
  • Planet of Hats: Sonmi's time period. The hat in question? Capitalism.
  • Plot Sensitive Latch: While being locked up tight, Adam's chest full of gold springs open when used to knock out Dr. Henry Goose.
  • Postmodernism: Yes.
  • Powered by a Forsaken Child: Fabricants that serve out their time as workers are killed and recycled into Soap and food to feed fabricants and purebloods, respectively. Sonmi has the good fortune to watch this happen.
  • Pragmatic Adaptation: The movie, while retaining the six-story structure and basic premise, has many differences from the novel, with several characters and plot threads, such as Ayrs's daughter or Sonmi's brief stay at a Buddhist monastery, being cut wholesale. The new medium does allow us to actually see Cavendish's stage directions and hear Frobisher's music.
  • Pre Mortem One Line: "And don't call me a fucking wetback!"
  • Promoted to Love Interest:
    • Frobisher has a short-lived infatuation for Ayrs in the film.
    • Hae-Joo and Sonmi have sex in the novel too, but the novel's incidence is emotionally sterile Glad-to-Be-Alive Sex. The sexual encounter in the film is on much better terms; the film also has Sonmi declare her undying love for Hae-Joo in her orison.
    • Meronym for Zachry.
  • Realistic Diction Is Unrealistic: Shown both ways in the film with "Ghastly Ordeal" and its in-universe film version. The actual scene has Cavendish splutter and trip over his own words, because he's too enraged to speak straight and is resorting to making up legislation to justify his release from Aurora House. The film-within-the-film version has Tom Hanks as Cavendish flawlessly deliver these lines, even the one about the made-up-on-the-spot "Incarceration Act".
  • Recurring Riff: In the film, "The Atlas March" and the various melodies of "The Cloud Atlas Sextet".
  • Reincarnation: A recurring theme in the novel (though it is left ambiguous whether it is real). Also an explicit belief of the Valleysmen in "Sloosha's Crossin' an' Ev'rythin' After", of the Buddhist priests in Sonmi's era and of the Moriori. Luisa doesn't believe in it at all.
  • Released to Elsewhere: The fabricants believe Xultation means liberation, and look forward to it — except they're only taken away to be killed and recycled.
  • Rocket Ride: The speeders used by police force in Neo Seoul.
  • Satan: Old Georgie.
  • Sci-Fi Bob Haircut: Sonmi~451 and the other fabricants sport these.
  • The Secret of Long Pork Pies: The Soap that the Fabricants drink? It's made from them. And if we are also going by the book, the food at Papa-Song's is essentially Soylent Green as well.
  • Self-Deprecation: Cavendish finds a manuscript of Luisa Rey's adventure and dismisses the Reincarnation angle as far too New Age-y, despite having a similar birthmark himself. He also describes the birthmark in decidedly less romantic imagery than the comet everyone else seems to see it as.
  • Sleeping Dummy: Timothy Cavendish uses one to distract the warden.
  • Social Darwinist: Another running theme throughout multiple stories. In the film, Hugo Weaving's character(s) echo the phrase "There's a natural order to things" in various contexts.
  • Spared by the Adaptation: Joe Napier from Half-Lives, Timothy's brother Denny from The Ghastly Ordeal, and Zachry from Sloosha's Crossin'.
  • Stab The Salad: Zachary looks like he's about to stab Meronym but instead stabs a weird hologram thing next to her.
  • Stepford Smiler: The fabricant waitresses are genetically engineered to always smile.
  • Sticky Bomb: Hae-Joo uses sticky bombs to dispose of some Unanimity aircrafts.
  • Stop or I Will Shoot!: "Excessive force authorised."
  • Stylistic Suck: The film that Sonmi~451 watches based on Cavendish's life is campy, over-acted (by an obviously made-up Tom Hanks) and bears only the loosest resemblance to the actual Cavendish we see in the film.
  • Sufficiently Advanced Alien: Meronym and the other Prescients are this, to the Valley folk. Subverted in that the Prescients are in crisis with no place to live.
  • Survivor Guilt: Zachry gets this twice — once when during his childhood a band of Kona kill his father and kidnap his brother, and again in his adulthood when the Kona destroy his camp and kill or enslave his family and people.
  • Technicolor Eyes: The Abbess' eyes flash various colours while she is trying to learn the meaning of Zachry's dream in the film.
  • Teeth Flying: At the previously-mentioned Bar Brawl.
  • There Are No Therapists: Frobisher has the bad luck of being a manic-depressive in 1931.
  • Timey-Wimey Ball: The film jumps between stories several times in succession. The film's example of Together in Death also only makes sense if reincarnation isn't sequential.
  • Title Drop:
    • Zachry talks about wishing he had some kind of map to track souls as they move across the ages, like clouds across the sky. He calls it an "atlas o' clouds".
    • Cavendish, in an oddly poignant moment, writes a passage about the futility of recording the ephemeral, once again referring to an "atlas of clouds".
    • The title of Frobisher's masterpiece is The Cloud Atlas Sextet. Its structure is described as extremely similar to that of the novel, with six individual parts slowly woven together into one greater whole. Frobisher himself isn't sure if it's clever or gimmicky.
  • Together in Death:
    • Frobisher hopes that this will be the fate of himself and Sixsmith. Considering that the entire plot is about reincarnation, not the afterlife, this may be either false hope or they could be together in another timeline. Interestingly (in the film at least), they both die the same way - with a gun in their mouth.)
    • The film has Sonmi believe that she will be reunited with Hae-Joo in another life, and immediately cuts to Ewing and his wife (the same actor and actress) being reunited at the end of Ewing's voyage. Additionally, both actors played the parents of Rufus Sixsmith's niece. So it's more like they were already together in two very different, much earlier lives, unless Timey-Wimey Ball applies to the reincarnation of souls.
  • Translation Convention: Possible aversion in "An Orison of Sonmi~451": the archivist comments on how Sonmi speaks good "Consumer", and she replies in what sounds like futuristic Korean. Thus, we can infer that "Korean" exists but is viewed as the common people's parlance, whereas English (or Consumer, if English simply serves as a stand-in for the sake of storytelling) is what all the higher-class people and/or the government speak. This is akin to how Latin was used historically throughout much of Europe.
  • Translator Microbes: In the film. When Meronym and Zachry happen upon Sonmi's orison, the computer playing it translates her Korean to English in real-time. This wasn't present in the novel; when Zachry watches the orison he can't understand what Sonmi is saying.
  • Trapped in a Sinking Car: Luisa Rey's beetle is being pushed off a bridge to prevent her from exposing industry secrets. She manages to escape from the sinking vehicle in an Offscreen Moment of Awesome.
  • Trespassing to Talk: Luisa Rey returns home only to find someone waiting in the dark of her room. It's not an enemy though.
  • Tribal Facepaint: The film gives the Valleysmen facial tattoos and the Kona intimidating, skull-like warpaint. Real-world facial tattoos from Australasian tribes also appear in "Pacific Journal".
  • The Unfavorite: Robert Frobisher is this to his parents, who much prefer his older brother who died in World War One. Frobisher isn't too fond of his Mater and Pater either.
  • Video Credits: A good use of this trope in the film, showing all of the roles that each actor plays, with the font changing for each era the role was in.
  • Vindicated by History: In-universe. Sonmi's actions make her go from being the face of a rebellion to an outright god worshiped by Zachary and his tribe.
  • Violent Glaswegian: Cavendish and his co-conspirators manage to throw off their captors for good in a pub in Scotland by appealing to this trope. The Scots Rugby team have just lost a televised match against England, and the escapees turn the patrons' built-up anger against the mostly English hospital staff (by saying that the latter are trying to claim 'dominion' over them).
  • Visions of Another Self: the same actors swap roles for each time period, but the same soul incarnates as multiple characters, as shown by a star-shaped birthmark.
  • The Voiceless: Technically, he's not literally voiceless, but until nearly the end of the Cavendish story, Mr. Meeks only utters the same phrase repeatedly: "I know, I know!" Meeks finally finds his voice when he shouts out to Scottish rugby hooligans in a pub and urges them to fight off the staff of Aurora House who have come to take his crew back to the home.
  • Waistcoat of Style: In the film, Robert Frobisher has to give his (borrowed from Sixsmith) up when he is desperate and broke.
    • Old Georgie in the film also wears an incredibly battered one, fitting as it takes place in a scavenger world.
  • What the Hell Is That Accent?: Doona Bae's English as Sonmi is impeccable. However, when she plays the Latina immigrant in the 1970s story, her accent doesn't sound Spanish at all.
  • Who Wears Short Shorts?: The Fabricants do.
  • Whole Plot Reference: The entire structure of the story bears a very strong similarity to Osamu Tezuka's manga Phoenix, including the time jumps, the themes of resurrection and of intertwined fates, the denoument set After the End and much more. The individual stories also qualify:
    • "An Orison of Sonmi~451" has several key similarities to Brave New World, such as the foundation of a dystopia following a Great Offscreen War, mandatory consumer quotas, tailor-made clones, a populace kept happy with psychoactive drugs, and a rebellion informed by modern literature. Sonmi actually reads Brave New World halfway through her story.
    • Adam Ewing's plot to Moby-Dick (with Melville and whales being mentioned frequently), and Cavendish's story to One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest (he saw the film once).
  • World of Badass: Not to the extremes of other works, but there are a lot of courageous characters in the story. Everybody pulls off risky schemes to either save their skin or save others.
  • Writing Indentation Clue: Javier Gomez discovering the name "Megan" written on the envelope in the 1970s plot.
  • Yellowface: All the non-Asian main cast members (including the black actors) except for Hanks and Whishaw appear in yellowface in "An Orison of Sonmi~451". Bae Doona and Zhou Xun also invert the trope by playing white and Latina women in two stories.
  • Your Cheating Heart: In the film's "Ghastly Ordeal", this along with all the unpaid loans is Denny's motivation for shutting up Timothy in Aurora House — Timothy had slept with Denny's wife. In the book, Cavendish wonders whether this is the case, but it's left ambiguous.
  • You Wouldn't Shoot Me: In the film, Vyvyan Ayrs tries this on Frobisher when the latter decides he's not going to let Ayrs take the credit for the Cloud Atlas Sextet. And then gets shot anyway, although the bullet only "kills his appetite" by passing clean through his stomach and not fatally injuring him.

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