"I’ve said it before, screenwriters: Don’t remind your audience that they could be watching something better."
Homage (literally, an honor or tribute) is the deliberate, but respectful
, recreation of one work of fiction within the context of another. Usually this is done for comedic effect, but occasionally it is serious. Sometimes it's both. An Homage is an extended sequence, significantly more than a simple Shout-Out
, but does not actually constitute a crossover
even when some of the original stars recreate their roles.
Sometimes — especially when the Homage is blatant, or is part of a comedy series — it's All Just a Dream
. But sometimes it's a weird or haunting reflection of the original series that is a native part of the "reality" of the show in which it is found.
is a very common type of homage, which involves trying to copy the style
of a work or artist.
If a series is doing anything deliberately evocative of its own past, then it is an Internal Homage
See also: Actor Allusion
, Homage Shot
, Post Modernism
, Trapped in TV Land
, Whole Plot Reference
. See also Expy
, where the homage is a specific character
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Anime & Manga
Films — Animation
Films — Live-Action
- Doomsday is a scifi/action/thiller flick almost made of homages. The lead villain, Sol, has the same haircut as Wez from Mad Max Mad Max 2]], and leads a road gang to match. The director describes the hero's Eyepatch of Power as a Snake Plissken homage. The cannibal gang includes a random Baseball Fury. They also use a bus which pursues the heroes in a neat recreation of the attack of the Turnbull ACs from the same film.
- Slither is a scifi/horror/comedy flick almost made of homages of to gory B-Movie horror films.
- Pandorum is a scifi/horror/Thiller has loads of these as well.
- The fight scene between Nemesis and Alice near the end of Resident Evil: Apocalypse plays out almost exactly like the fight between Kirk and the Gorn in the Star Trek episode "The Arena". Both are fights that are forced on participants that don't want to fight each other. Both contain one combatant who's human, and another who's not human. Both contain a combatant who's fast and agile against one's that's large and strong. Both are a person fighting someone in a rubber suit. The part where Nemesis breaks off a pipe is almost an exact homage to when the Gorn breaks off a limb of a tree. It also ends nearly exactly the same, with the large, muscular one impaled through the chest (with a pipe rather than the diamonds in Star Trek), but refusing to finish him despite urgings from whoever forced the fight. The homage ends when rather than complimenting the human on the virtues of mercy, the fight's forcer instead chides the human for being weak.
- Bill and Teds Bogus Journey has an homage to this fight as well, lampshaded by having the episode playing on a TV in the background earlier in the film. In the battle with their evil robot doubles, they (briefly) fight for their lives on Kirk's Rock, where the Gorn fight was filmed.
- The Indiana Jones movies themselves are one big homage to the classic adventure films of the '30s and '40s.
- The now-iconic "rolling boulder" sequence at the beginning of Raiders of the Lost Ark was, according to George Lucas, an homage to a similar scene in the Carl Barks comic book The Seven Cities of Cibola.
- The nuclear testing scene in Indiana Jones and the Kingdom of the Crystal Skull is an homage to the first draft of the Back to the Future script, in which Marty McFly manages to power the time machine, not with a bolt of lightning but with the radiation from an atomic blast. The entire fake town, complete with mannequins and a television playing the Howdy Doody Show, is ripped straight from the BttF script. Oh, and the time machine? Was originally, not a car, but a refrigerator.
- Ditto with Star Wars and the similar sci-fi serials of the time such as Buck Rogers and Flash Gordon.
- Similar to the WKRP example below, Polly Perkins' phoned-in report on the invasion of New York by robots in Sky Captain and the World of Tomorrow bears a striking resemblance to the Hindenberg coverage and actually includes lines lifted directly from a similar scene in Orson Welles' radio version of The War of the Worlds. Just to add a little extra fillip, the robots emit a sound effect stolen from the Martians of the 1953 The War Of The Worlds film.
- Mars Attacks!. The flying saucers are modeled after the saucers in Earth vs. the Flying Saucers and the War Room was made to look like the War Room in Dr. Strangelove. The aliens land in Parrumph, Nevada. That's an homage to Art Bell, who for many years broadcast Coast to Coast AM out of that city.
- Almost Famous contains two examples. The first is a scene where the band members think their airplane is going to crash — it's a played-for-laughs homage to Lynyrd Skynyrd. The poignant second example involves a musician passing out after he receives a shock from his microphone — this references Keith Relf of the Yardbirds, who actually did die in very similar circumstances.
- Play It Again, Sam is Woody Allen's homage to Casablanca.
- In Superman Returns, Superman rescues a runaway car (used as a diversion by Lex Luthor). The shot where Superman stands on the ground, leveraging the car in mid-air, is a direct homage to the cover of Action Comics #1, the first Superman comic book.
- Many movies (The Untouchables and Brazil amongst them) contain an homage to the Odessa Staircase scene from The Battleship Potemkin, in particular the Baby Carriage.
- Pacific Rim is a walking homage to just about anything related to Giant Robots or Giant Monsters in recent memory, but especially towards Mecha Anime and Giant Monster Movies.
- Star Trek Into Darkness has been described as an inverted version of Star Trek II: The Wrath of Khan. The inversion works on multiple levels.
- The shuttle chase through the Klingon planet is very reminiscent of the Millennium Falcon's run through the Death Star in Return of the Jedi.
- The East: the initiation test for eco-terrorist group called The East is a take on the allegory of the long spoons, except with straightjackets instead of arm splints.
- The Discworld series has a few, usually bordering on the parodic and featuring Lampshade Hangings:
- Scenes and characters in Lindsey Duncan's Falco series have been included, by the author's explicit admission, to be based on scenes and characters in Terry Pratchett's Discworld novels.
- The Vigiles are an explicit take on the Night Watch, commanded by a Vimes-reminiscent officer and including suspiciously Colon and Carrot-like policemen. Indeed, in the novel Saturnalia, Shout Outs to Hogfather are fast and frequent.
- Central character Marcus Didius Falco is a dissillusioned romantic, harking after the great days of the Roman Republic and who is often far too frank to his main employer, Emperor Vespasian. Vespasian tolerates this but sends Falco out on dirty missions to the furthest-flung corners of the Empire. Part of Falco's pay goes on maintaining his dead brother's widow and child. Falco, an occassional heavy drinker, is saved by marriage to a noblewoman a long way above him in the social scale. Rank is eventually conferred on the Republican. While not keeping dragons, Falco is made Keeper Of The Imperial Geese as a subtle joke by Vespasian...
- Steven Brust's Khaavren Romances are homages to Alexandre Dumas's D'Artagnan Romances (The Three Musketeers and sequels); the four main characters are Captain Ersatz Our Elves Are Better versions of the Dumas's protagonists, and the titles of The Phoenix Guards, Five Hundred Years After, and The Viscount of Adrilankha correspond to The Three Musketeers, Twenty Years After (with the time period scaled appropriately), and The Vicomte de Bragelonne.
- The first novel of the Hyperion Cantos has a lot of these on top of the mixed Whole Plot Reference to Keats' Hyperion and Chaucer's Canterbury Tales (or maybe Boccaccio's Decameron). Each story the pilgrims tell is an Homage to one or more styles of literature. The Priest's Tale is an epistolary novel. The Soldier's Tale is high action military science fiction, a la Starship Troopers. The Poet's Tale is a mash up of fairy tales, darker elements intact. The Scholar's Tale is Old Testament Biblical. The Detective's Tale is a Film Noir (minus the film) with elements of cyberpunk. The Consul's Tale is a Shakespearean tragedy, mixing Romeo and Juliet with Hamlet.
- Jonathan Lethem's Amnesia Moon was created as an homage to Philip K Dick, and in particular, his novel Dr. Bloodmoney or How We Got Along After the Bomb. The novel contains several shout-outs to various of Dick's works.
- The Doctor Who New Adventures novel The Also People by Ben Aaronovitch is an homage to the The Culture series by Iain M Banks.
- The Murdoch Mysteries episode "Anything You Can Do..." pays tribute to the Due South episode "Hunting Season". In addition to being Mounties, Sargeant Jasper Linney's personality and physical build are quite similar to Constable Benton Fraser's. Linney discovers that Detective William Murdoch—with whom he shares many traits in common—is his half-brother. This is very much like Fraser's situation when he learns that Constable Maggie Mackenzie—who is essentially a female version of himself—is actually his half-sister. Both pairs of half-siblings share a scene with their respective biological father.
- "iBelieve in Bigfoot" is a direct homage to Scooby-Doo (further lampshaded by Freddie) sans the dog. There's 2 males and 2 females; they are investigating a certain creature; they have a vehicle; and also turns up that the said creature is actually a guy they know, in a costume.
- Dan Schneider stated himself that Sabrina's thrashing of Carly's project in "iBeat the Heat" is a reference to Godzilla.
- The Brady Bunch episode from the last season of The X-Files. ("Sunshine Days", broadcast 5/12/02.) (Not to mention any number of other Brady Bunch episodes on sitcoms in the 1980s and 1990s.)
- In the episode "Visitors From Down The Street" of Crusade (the short-lived sequel to Babylon 5), the Excalibur discovers a world of English-speaking aliens with a UFO/conspiracy culture/mythology similar to that of late 20th-Century Earth — only humans are cast in the role of the saucerfolk! But it's the appearance of alien versions of Mulder and Scully (and Cancer Man) — and the conspiracies around them — that turns the episode into a clever homage to and satire of The X-Files.
- The episode "Meltdown" of The Pretender is an homage to the film Reservoir Dogs, albeit with a more network-TV-friendly level of mayhem and an ending featuring The Cavalry.
- A season one episode of 8 Simple Rules has dad Paul (played by John Ritter) dreaming his daughters and the boy both are pining for are in an episode of Three's Company.
- One episode of 2point4 Children consists largely of an homage to The Prisoner set in Portmeirion, Wales, complete with appropriate costumes and giant bouncing ball.
- "Countdown to Destruction", the season finale of Power Rangers in Space, contains a poignant homage to the "I Am Spartacus" scene of Spartacus, which may have earned the episode its fan-nickname of "Crisis of Infinite Rangers".
- The very next episode, that being the premiere of Power Rangers Lost Galaxy, pays homage to a scene from 2001: A Space Odyssey, complete with Blue Danube playing.
- The Time Force premiere demonstrates the new suits' space-time abilities by having the Rangers Matrix-ically duck under bullets.
- Of course, this show's been around long enough that by now it can make cultural references to itself:
- SPD homages Time Force with occasional use of Bullet Time and sending 'destroyed' monsters to containment. Even one Ranger's battle cry was an homage to Time Force, matching the title of the TF premiere. Also, one brand of Mecha-Mooks carries swords identical to those of the Time Force Rangers. Theories abound about how the organization in Power Rangers SPD evolves into the one in Time Force over the years.
- Mystic Force and Overdrive each contain a Sealed Evil in a Can who says something akin to season one's famed "After ten thousand years, I'm free!" upon emerging. The evil in Mystic Force isn't connected (probably), but Overdrive's is.
- Or they could be both referencing the opening credits of the original Mighty Morphin' Power Rangers, in which original sealed evil Rita Repulsa says the line.
- Speaking of Rita, Mystic Force has the Mystic Mother, a sort of deity of Magic. In passing, she is said to have "been known as Rita in the dark days," implying that said character is the purified Rita. What's more, all footage of the character was dubbed-over sentai footage. This is possibly because the actress who portrayed that character, who also played the sentai equivalent of Mighty Morphin's Rita, had recently passed away.
- The "Connecticut" house set of Who's the Boss? was made to strongly resemble the Connecticut house in the last season of I Love Lucy, with only those changes that might have reasonably been made to a real house between 1959 and the mid-1980s.
- Scrubs addressed the constant comparisons between Dr. Gregory House of House and Dr. Cox by actually having an episode where Dr. Cox hurt his leg and had to walk with a cane while he was faced with three bizarre mysteries in the hospital. And one of those mysteries was even the same as the clinic case in the very first House episode! Also, the 100th episode "My Way Home" was riddled with references to The Wizard of Oz. There was also an episode that homaged the standard sitcom format, titled "My life in Four Cameras".
- Countdown with Keith Olbermann: Signs off with "Good night and good luck", in openly stated homage to Edward R. Murrow.
- The ending to the Doctor Who episode "Doomsday" is an homage to the ending of the His Dark Materials trilogy. The setting is the same (beach) and the issue is also the same (two lovers about to be separated forever across different dimensions).
- Also, the episode "The Stolen Earth" echoes the ending of West Side Story, when The Doctor and Rose see one another across a street and start running... You know where this is going.
- Fame! did a whole-episode homage to The Wizard of Oz, partly inspired by the fact that it filmed on the same soundstage where the 1939 movie was shot. (According to the cast, a last remaining fragment of the original yellow brick road was enshrined in the stage, and was shown to them with almost religious reverence.)
- Les Nesman's broadcast of the "turkey bombing incident" on WKRP in Cincinnati was a line-by-line homage to the famous "Martian Attack" sequence from Orson Welle's broadcast of The War of the Worlds (which was itself inspired by the Real Life Hindenburg broadcast) right down to the abrupt cutoff.
- Buffy the Vampire Slayer:
- The episode "School Hard" is an homage to the original Die Hard, complete with Buffy sneaking around in the ceiling.
- Simone is visually strongly based on Tank Girl. This may be a conscious in-canon fashion influence on her part.
- The Stargate Atlantis episode "Vegas" is an homage to CSI.
- We also gets a chestbuster scene (with an iratus bug) in episode "Doppelganger", with the characters mentioning the movie Alien by name.
- Stargate SG-1 has the episode "200" which little more than a series of homages to Star Trek, The Wizard of Oz, and Magnum, P.I. among others along with references to more. It should be noted that one of the producers, Brad Wright's portrayal of Spoof!Scotty was so spot on, his own parents didn't realize it was him.
- The Apocalypse storyline in Supernatural includes a demon named Crowley.
- And another one called Alistair.
- The aptly named episode "Monster Movie" was an homage to classic monster movies. It was filmed entirely in black and white and featured a shapeshifting villain who took the forms of a Mummy, a Wolfman, and Dracula.
- The season four finale of Monk, "Mr. Monk Gets Jury Duty", was an homage to 12 Angry Men, with a b-plot and the ending making it avert Whole Plot Reference.
- Another episode, "Mr. Monk and the Three Julies," had a character who stuffed his dead mother's body and carried her from room to room.
- The opening murder in "Mr. Monk Buys a House" looks suspiciously like the murder Tommy Udo committed in Kiss of Death.
- The plot of "Mr. Monk and the Big Reward" borrowed so liberally from "It's A Mad, Mad, Mad, Mad World" that I was actually disappointed they didn't convene under a giant "W" to find the hidden diamond.
- The confrontation on the sand bank in the third Pirates of the Caribbean movie is straight out of Once Upon a Time in the West, even featuring the iconic music from the movie.
- Tons in Community. Example from just one episode, Modern Warfare:
- The "ONE HOUR LATER" scene where Jeff wakes up echoes the same scene in 28 Days Later. It also has quite a similar feel to the ending of the first Resident Evil film.
- The line "Stu-dy grooo-up! Come out and play-y-y!", a paraphrase of Luther's taunt in The Warriors. And it's used by a group of retro disco students who are very reminiscent of some of the film's weirder gangs.
- Jeff's wardrobe, his anticipation of Britta trying to shoot him ("No paintballs, Hans?"), and his final retaliatory gesture at the Dean are all taken directly from Die Hard.
- Chang's paint bomb plays out like the end of Predator.
- Chang's entrance to the study room is straight out of a John Woo movie... minus the doves. Word of God says they didn't have the budget for them.
- Abed's entrance was stolen from a certain leather-clad action girl.
- Abed's also stole his goggles from Riddick.
- The music cues come from the island.
- "Come with me if you don't want to get paint on your clothes."
- Shirley spouting bible verses while kicking ass? There are a couple of brothers from Southie she should meet.
- Troy's football pads referencing all the way back to Mad Max 2.
- The Brita/Chang scene results in two paintballs colliding, a straight from a scene in the 2009 film Wanted.
- For other basic examples on the series, see "Abed's Uncontrollable Christmas" (an extended stop-motion homage to Rankin-Bass Christmas specials) and "Basic Lupine Urology" (a long take-off on Law & Order).
- One of the animated sequences from the Monty Python's Flying Circus episode "A Book at Bedtime" is a recreation of the opening of 2001: A Space Odyssey... until the music winds down and the space station falls out of the sky and hits the ape on the head.
- In "Shitagi Nashi ...", the first-season finale of Don't Trust the B---- In Apartment 23, June shows Chloe a comic strip she supposedly drew (complete with Mary Sue versions of herself and a friend) in high school that seems like an homage to Teen Girl Squad.
- Psych's 100th episode was an Homage to the movie Clue. Lampshaded in the opening credits, which use a visual motif of flipping cards from the board game rather than the usual clips.
- Twin Peaks is full of nods to the Film Noir genre in terms of its style and storylines. A particular example is to the 1944 film Laura, in which a detective becomes infatuated with an alleged murder victim through the prominent portrait in her apartment, and whose presence in the story is reinforced by a particular musical theme. Agent Cooper similarly contemplates photographs of Laura Palmer throughout his investigation, a still shot of her prom photo makes up the entire closing credits for each episode, and much of the music on the show is based around "Laura Palmer's Theme".
- The original draft for Life On Mars was essentially to be "a redo" of The Sweeney, plus a LOST/The Prisoner type mystery.
Matthew Graham (Life on Mars DVD extra): What if there is way we can fool people into thinking we've come up with an original idea and still give them The Sweeney? note
- Ashes to Ashes (sequel to Life on Mars) pays homage to classic 80s shows, particularly The Singing Detective and Miami Vice, as well as famous 80s films, like James Bond in the pilot, Taxi Driver in episode 6 among others.
- One episode of NUMB3RS is an homage to Scooby-Doo. An abandoned Air Force base is thought by local Conspiracy Theorists to be hosting UFOs or the ghosts of World War II veterans, and when they catch video of balls of energy raining down from the sky and killing a person the FBI gets involved. It starts to look like an Area 51-type Government Conspiracy (the strange "Department 44" agent who tags along doesn't help in that regard—though he's surprisingly helpful with the investigation) until it's discovered that the energy was from a Lightning Gun a tech company was working on for the government (the UFO lights people saw were actually from the drone carrying it). The ray was only meant to work like an EMP, and the project's engineers were conducting secret tests to try to make it nonlethal.
- Lampshaded by Colby when he says, "Why do I feel like I'm in a Scooby-Doo cartoon?" while they search the base for clues.
- After the mystery's solved, Charlie muses that the company could have wasted billions more dollars stringing the government along in their refusal to admit the project was a failure. Floyd replies, "Yes, and they probably would've gotten away with it, too, if it weren't for you meddling kids," referring to Charlie, Amita, and the CalSci plasma physics engineer Charlie asked for help on the case.
- The end of the episode "The Brave and the Bold" of Arrow, where Green Arrow and Flash square off to spar with no one watching, with the episode ending before the viewers can see who wins, certainly seems like a homage to the episode "Grudge Match" from Justice League Unlimited, where, at the end, Huntress and Black Canary square off to spar with no one watching, and the episode ends before the audience sees who wins.
- "Leonard" by Merle Haggard, which pays homage to songwritter Tommy Collins, the pen name of Leonard Spies. Spies wrote several of Haggard's early big hits.
- The music video of "Before He Cheats" by Carrie Underwood. The rampage scenes – where Carrie flies into a rage upon learning that her boyfriend had cheated on her – recalls Carrie's rampage in the movie (and 2002 remake) Carrie, in particular explosions and destruction on a small-town city street as Carrie walks calmly by.
- Barenaked Ladies' "Tonight Is The Night I Fell Asleep At The Wheel": "Slow Motion Walter the fire engine guy"
- A use of a common mondegreen for "Smoke on the water, a fire in the sky"
- Veruca Salt's "Volcano Girls:" "Well, here's another clue if you please...the seether's Louise"
- A parody/homage to the Beatles "Well, here's another clue for you all...the walrus was Paul"
- The Blue Oyster Cult's Cult Classic album carries back cover art which is clear homage to Terry Pratchett's novel Reaper Man. Pratchett previously homaged the BOC by using their only British hit Don't Fear The Reaper as a running gag in his books - in dog-Latin, it is the motto of the extended Death family, Non Timetus Messor. Death, as a Reaper not to be feared, has a novel of his own in Reaper Man. Pratchett homage-references other BOC songs in the Discworld cycle; elements of the front cover of Cult Classic may also reference his work. (The two stained-glass windows in the weird chapel)
- Jimmy Eat World's "A Praise Chorus" contains the following verse, each line of which is a line from another song:
(Crimson and clover Over and over)
Our house in the middle of our street,
Why did we ever meet?
Kick start my rock 'n' roll fantasy.
Don't don't don't let's start,
Why did we ever part?
Kick start my rock 'n' roll heart!
- Motion City Soundtrack's "L.G. Fuad" takes lyrics from "Forget Me" by the Promise Ring, then lampshades it:
I want to thank you for being a part of my
Forget-me-nots and marigolds
And other things that don't get old
Is it legal to do this? I surely don't know
It's the only way I have learned to express myself
Through other people's descriptions of life
- Stevie Wonder's "Master Blaster" is an homage to "Jammin'" by Bob Marley.
- Kimya Dawson's "My Rollercoaster": towards the middle of the song the chorus to Willie Nelson's "On The Road Again" get thrown in, and then for a while it becomes a series of nods to everything from Metallica to Bette Midler.
- The music video to David Bowie's "Look Back in Anger" pays homage to the novel The Picture of Dorian Gray by Oscar Wilde, with Bowie playing both the painter and the subject of the cursed painting.
- The song "I Like to Rock" uses both the riffs of The Beatles' "Day Tripper" and The Rolling Stones' "Satisfaction" and intertwines them.
- The video for Keri Hilson's "Pretty Girl Rock" is an homage to various African-American female singers throughout the years. They include Josephine Baker, wartime singers, The Supremes, Chaka Khan, Janet Jackson, TLC and Mary J. Blige.
- Inspired by a similar set of releases by Kiss, the Melvins once put out four solo EPs in the same year, which were credited to the band but titled after the member who who wrote and performed the music. Where the homage comes in is the artwork, which directly parodied the style of Kiss releases in question and had the Melvins logo stylized after that of Kiss. Compare the Melvins' King Buzzo with Kiss' Gene Simmons
- The Foo Fighters video "Walk" is a humorous retelling of Falling Down.
- Hanson's video for "Thinking 'Bout Somethin'" is a near shot for shot recreation of the "Shake A Tail Feather" scene from The Blues Brothers.
- The video for A1's version of "Take on Me" pays homages to TRON and The Matrix, complete with Bullet Time and Matrix Raining Code.
- The retro group Big Daddy based their entire routine on this trope. They did mashups of contemporary hits (they were active in the 80s and 90s) not just in a generic style of the 1950s, but with a carefully reconstructed homage to a specific artist's signature riffs and vocal stylings, such as "I Want To Know What Love Is" with Ritchie Valens' rapid bass accompaniment, complete with a chorus in Spanish.
- Also a complete cover of the Sgt. Peppers album, replacing the 60s pop kitsch on the cover with 50s icons. Hearing "A Day In The Life" in Buddy Holly's hiccuppy voice was good, but replacing the end-of-track noise with a plane crash and a recording of the radio broadcast announcing Holly's death was sheer brilliance.
- Rainbow's "Can't Let You Go" video is an homage to the silent film The Cabinet Of Dr. Caligari. Guitarist/bandleader Ritchie Blackmore plays Caligari and singer Joe Lynn Turner plays Cesare.
- Paula Abdul's "Coldhearted" video is an homage to Bob Fosse's All That Jazz.
- Billy Joel's An Innocent Man album is an homage to the music he grew up on in the 1960's.
- OutKast's video for "Hey Ya" is a blatant homage to The Beatles' American debut on The Ed Sullivan Show, right down to the retraux black and white opening with an old-fashioned TV set around the border.
- The video for Iggy Azalea's "Fancy" is one for Clueless — several scenes from the film, such as the debate, outfit selection, party, and the driving test are recreated in the video, with Iggy herself playing Cher Horowitz and Charli XCX playing Tai Frasier.
- The album cover for Adam Ant's Strip is fashioned after the film poster for The Outlaw.
- The Necrons in Warhammer 40,000 started as a clear and blatant homage to the Terminator films: mysterious robotic skeletons, who carried on trying to kill you even if reduced to crawling torsos with no legs, and a special rule called "I'll Be Back". Later changes departed from this, focusing more on their image as impossibly ancient servants of even more impossibly ancient monsters. Essentially now a bunch of Ancient Evil Determinators with a lot of Implacable Man and Omnicidal Maniac along with rather too much scalpel imagery, they maintain the robo-skeleton and "I'll Be Back".
- As a Merchandise-Driven franchise with legions of rabid adult fans with long memories, Transformers tends to feature quite a lot of homages, to itself or to others, even in its toys (never mind in its plot-driven media). A simple example is when one toy is rereleased with a new paint job to look like something else (e.g., the mold for Revenge Of The Fallen toy Ransack, who turns into a biplane, got a repaint into a robot named Divebomb...using the Red Baron's colors — it's particularly noteworthy that an early Fan Nickname for Ransack was Baron Ransack von Joy). Alternatively, given the number of names that are re-used, a character that has the name of a character from a different iteration of the franchise as a namesake might have design touches meant to emulate the older character. Revenge Of The Fallen Bludgeon has two toys; one which is a repaint of an older mold, and another that is a screaming homage◊ to a G1 character of the same name.
- B. Orchid from Killer Instinct is practically an homage of Cheshire from DC Comics. If you think that is unbelievable, then check out the pictures of B. Orchid and Cheshire here and here.
- The opening cinematic for the Company of Heroes campaign looks a lot like the Omaha Beach landing in Saving Private Ryan... which it then subverts by having the boat full of men first seen by the player get mowed down, including the sergeant-type character who's the only one to have spoken so far in the game. Every WWII game produced after Saving Private Ryan does this. Call of Duty, Commandos, Medal of Honor, in fact the Frontline\Allied Assault games are essentially the game of the film, replete with a Tom Hanks soundalike commanding officer. Not surprising when the man behind the games is Steven Spielberg.
- World in Conflict Soviet Assault has the Russian player character named Romanov, the same name of a certain Premier of the Soviet Union from another wacky universe, although this could be coincidental as well.
- Probably either a coincidence or yet another derival from the once-existed Romanov dynasty.
- Call of Duty 1 & 2 seem to owe a lot to The Longest Day.
- The (true) end cutscene of Kirby 64 The Crystal Shards is, in essence, a shortened recreation of the ending of the first Star Wars movie, from the heroes' near-escape of the enemy's hideout to said hideout's dithered explosion to the later awards ceremony wherein the heroes receive medals to the male lead getting a kiss from the female lead.
- World of Warcraft is full of homages, the most notable being pretty much the entire Un'Goro Crater zone, featuring:
- Linken, main NPC of a long chain of quests inspired by The Legend of Zelda themes.
- Larion and Muigin, using hammers to deal with a pest of plants, a clear Homage to Super Mario Bros..
- Apes that often drop barrels for no real reason other than an Homage to Donkey Kong's origin.
- The entire zone is full of references to "Lost World"-type movies, including the Warcraft equivalents of Tyranosaurs, Pterodons and Dimetrodons.
- The zone is also full of references to Land of the Lost, including NPCs with names similar to those on the show (the major travel hub run by Williden Marshal), the aforementioned dinosaurs, and red, green, yellow and blue crystals littering the landscape.
- Final Fantasy IX is full of explicit references and other various thematic connections to earlier games in the series.
- The story from Bomberman Hero was an obvious homage to Star Wars.
- The Tekken series have King, the jaguar-masked wrestler, as an homage (mostly) to the titular character of Tiger Mask.
- The Katina mission from Star Fox 64 was an obvious homage to the movie Independence Day.
- Popular freeware game Heros Realm is a distinct homage that harks back to the old school Final Fantasy and Dragon Quest games and combines what they have to offer in one package. It flows together as smoothly as what an optimistic gamer would expect.
- TimeSplitters is shock full of this. In TimeSplitters 2 the level Siberia is an homage to GoldenEye. The level is set at a dam in Siberia, 1990. One might add that Free Radical are made up of the core team of GoldenEye and TimeSplitters is regarded as the Spiritual Successor to that game. But it doesn't stop there. Neo Tokyo is set in a rainy Tokyo 2019, that is a copy of the style in Blade Runner (also set in 2019). The Machine Wars levels in Future Perfect are based off the Terminator franchise.
- Champions Online (and presumably the Tabletop Game it's based on) is an Homage to Silver Age superhero comics, bordering on Affectionate Parody in its lighter moments.
- Disgaea 3 has, among others, a magichange skill of the Reaper monsters class which is identical to Starlight Breaker
- Madworld is an obvious homage to Sin City and the ultra-violent black-and-white independent comics of the 80s which influenced it.
- The freeware game Genetos is an homage to the entire genre of Shoot'em ups from Space Invaders to Radiant Silvergun and Rez.
- The Zeppelin in Ninja Gaiden Xbox heavily resembles the Hindenburg, and goes down in flames in a similar manner. "Oh, the humanity!"
- Though few appear in the game proper, the Crusader games had more than a few Homages and Shout Outs to other media of a similar bent, such as a terminal designated NCC-1701D, or a base of operations for the Resistance in Echo Sector.
- The Contra series has many homages to Alien, eg Giger-esque Womb Levels, facehuggers, the giant Xenomorph head miniboss, the "Queen Alien" in Super Contra and Contra 3, Xenomorph-type mooks in Super C's alien stage, and the Space Jockey skulls lining the walls in the same stage.
- Near the end of Resident Evil: Code: Veronica there's a location that's a nearly identical replica of the main hall from the mansion of the original game. There's an in-plot explanation for this.
- A Hidden Object Game called Robinson Crusoe and the Cursed Pirates, created by a Russian developer, contains at least one homage to Monkey Island in each and every scene! The game goes so far as to start with the words "Deep in the Caribbean", have an undead pirate villain with a crew of ghosts, and ends with a cutscene where the two main characters are looking out at their new ship when the mainmast suddenly breaks off. Several scenes in the game are directly redrawn from the old VGA backdrops. The list goes on and on and on. The sheer number of homages is so vast, that it's likely tantamount to copyright infringement on a grand scale. Fortunately for the developers, Lucasarts has done nothing against it. Yet.
- Last Alert is a clear homage to Rambo.
- 'Sword of the Stars has the "Upstart Apes" scenario, which has been admitted by the creators to be strongly inspired by Imperium.
- La-Mulana is one big homage to classic MSX games, particularly Konami's MSX games, the entire library of which appears as collectible items. The gameplay is principally based on Maze Of Galious (with a secret Nostalgia Level based on it) and Castlevania I (which is referenced in all the ways to upgrade Lemeza's whip).
- Baten Kaitos incorporates an extended homage to The Tower of Druaga in a sublevel with oddly familiar 8-bit look and sound. The "Golden Hero" near this area is implied to be Gilgamesh, and all the items you need to get through here are from that game.
- The last stage of the arcade version of Astyanax is a techno-organic hive straight out of Aliens, complete with facehuggers, and the Alien Queen as the Final Boss.
- In the video game Impossible Creatures, the scientist Lucy is captured by a giant gorilla called The King.
- Fallout 3's sidequest "Those!", which involves exterminating a nest of giant fire-breathing ants, is directly based on the 1954 B-movie Them!, which was also the basis for It Came From The Desert. Fallout: New Vegas also has an ant extermination mission, although these ants don't spit fire.
- While I Wanna Be the Guy was already Reference Overdosed, the sequel is noticeably based more on Bionic Commando - the new protagonist is named The Lad (ala Ladd Spencer) and is colored green, and has a grappling hook. The first two levels are based off the game as well.
- Action Doom 2: Urban Brawl is a game-long homage to old side scrolling beat 'em ups such as Streets of Rage or Final Fight, with an atmosphere and story telling style similar to Sin City.
- Kingdom of Loathing, already Reference Overdosed in its own right, has an area with several situations (including the name of the place itself) lifted straight from Harold & Kumar Go to White Castle.
- A Dance with Rogues, being a fanmade module for Neverwinter Nights, was, according to Word of God, inspired by many fantasy series, particularly A Song of Ice and Fire and The Icewind Dale Trilogy. As such, it contains many similarities and references to some of those series, especially in terms of characters and names:
- The Princess' story seems to be a mix between those of the sisters of House Stark and Daenerys Targaryen (a Broken Bird princess, the last survivor of her family, joins a thieves/assassin guild, etc). Her character can also be developed with characteristics typical for those three women. An optional, downloadable pre-made Player Character Princess is also named Lyanna Stormborn, further confirming this.
- Vico is very similar in his bloodlust and Jerkass behavior to Sandor Clegane, but also carries some of the characteristics of his much crueler and vicious brother Gregor.
- Bran and Rizzen Do'Vrinn are a barbarian, who has been imprisoned for years, and a drow outcast respectively, who form a friendship, likely a reference to Wulfgar and Drizzt Do'Urden.
- Bran's enchanted greatsword is called Frost, possibly a reference to Eddard Stark's sword of rare steel, called Ice.
- Bran and Pia also share their names and some minor traits with characters from A Song of Ice and Fire.
- The Dhorn Empire seems to be named after the Kingdom of Dorne.
- Similarly to the books of A Song of Ice and Fire there are many scenes of gratuitous nudity, (optional) sex, rape and references to rape, slavery, and often cases of Anyone Can Die.
- Eternal Darkness is partially styled after the writings of HP Lovecraft. The chapter of Dr. Maximilian Roivas, "The Lurking Horror", plays out the closet to how one of Lovecraft's stories would, ending with Max locked up in an asylum.
- The Optimist pays homage to The Family Circus in this strip.
- The coach getting the protagonists name wrong in this episode of Holiday Wars is an homage to Neil Gaiman's Coraline.
- The wandering stick figure protagonists of A Moment Of Peace at one point encounter adventurers from the Kingdom of Loathing and an eyeless stick figure they call the Blind Philosopher who is clearly a reference to XKCD.
- This strip of The Order of the Stick strip is an Homage to the Monty Python's Flying Circus "Cheese Shop" sketch. Notice there's a dead parrot and a python at the bottom. Note that the name of that particular strip is "It's Not a Gaming Session Until Someone Quotes Monty Python", itself a reference to gamers' familiarity with those works.
- In a very recent page of YU+ME: dream , the author/artist made a Homage to a Buffy the Vampire Slayer character known as the Cheese Man.
- Circumstances of the Revenant Braves contains a number of homages, notably to Suzumiya Haruhi No Yuutsu and Ace Attorney in the first few chapters.
- The FAN has this one scene Honoring G0-T0's entry from Knights of the Old Republic 2.
- A variety of homages appear at times throughout Bittersweet Candy Bowl. Notable targets include Pokémon and Feel the Magic.
- The Adventures of Dr. McNinja featured a Flashback to a group of dinosaurs who became intelligent and landed on a planet. The last panel features the main character of Dinosaur Comics.
- El Goonish Shive has the demonic duck who looks very similar to a major character in Goats, the comic strip by Jonathan Rosenberg.
- Homestuck is about four kids who start developing odd powers, who end up banding together to save the world, sort of. Naturally, it's a massive love letter to Earthbound, and takes many other elements from it, particularly its sense of humor and characterization.
- The Illustrated Guide To Law contains a variety of homages to pop culture ranging from Star Wars to old newspaper comics to Portal to Slenderman etc. It's been known to be meta with it, with Alfred Hitchcock's silhouette appearing at one point to ask if references to his MacGuffin and to North by Northwest had crossed the line from homage to theft.
- Schlock Mercenary includes a storyline called "A Hand of Acey's" which is explicitly a riff on the original Las Vegas CSI.
- Ménage ŕ 3 features a brief homage when overconfident psychology student Kiley is attempting to investigate the nature of DiDi's emotional problem by the (yes, very questionable) method of making love to her. She needs to become very romantic, and her imagination promptly draws on Don Juan DeMarco — a movie about a psychiatrist who becomes emotionally involved when treating someone with romantically-based problems. Her imagination generates some appropriate (and cute) imagery, too.
- SF Debris analyzes the concept in this video, particularly in terms of the dividing line between homage and ripoff.
- The Powerpuff Girls does this a few times. The episode "Boogie Frights" contains an extended sequence based on the Death Star run in the original Star Wars. The episode "I See a Funny Cartoon in Your Future" was done in the style of Rocky and Bullwinkle. "Meet the Beat-Alls" pays homage to several Beatles films (in particular Yellow Submarine and Let It Be) as well as the older Beatles cartoons.
- An episode of Dexter's Laboratory was done as an episode of Wacky Races, complete with an opening sequence based on that of Wacky Races, and a narrator who was a sound-alike for the late Dave Willock, the narrator on the original show. Another episode was done as Speed Racer. Yet another was done is the style of The Pink Panther cartoon series, complete with silent characters, jazz music, and DeeDee doing the panther's unique walk.
- Family Guy is absolutely built on these.
- The Simpsons also has several, from time to time, albeit mostly during the couch gags and/or the non-continuity "Treehouse of Horror" episodes.
- During one DVD commentary, the song Homer sings to the tune of The Flintstones is described as an "homage", to which the reply by writer Mike Reiss is "Yes, homage: French for theft."
- Near the end of one episode, a captured cat burglar tells the townspeople that he buried a large amount of money under a giant T. Cue the It's a Mad, Mad, Mad, Mad World homage — complete with appropriate music. And Phil Silvers in his car.
- One episode of Tiny Toon Adventures featured a parody of the film Voyage of the Kon-Tiki, complete with a "making-of documentary" parody to fill out the second half of the episode.
- Codename: Kids Next Door has done several of these. Some of them, especially any homages to Star Wars (in "Snowing" and "Elections"), are so close to the originals that they verge on copyright infringement. There's also one (A.R.C.H.I.V.E.) that's an homage to The Animatrix of all things.
- Incidentally, it was once posted on their blog that they had to scrap an homage to "The Lorax" for being too close to the original.
- The Johnny Test episode "Johnny Dukey Doo" is, as you can probably tell, a spoof of your typical Scooby-Doo episode, right down to the Laugh Track and "if it wasn't for you meddling kids!" line. This is lampshaded several times, when Johnny remarks that "he's seen this somewhere before".
- A later episode homages Tom and Jerry.
- Don't forget the two Tinymon episodes. They even made the antagonist's name sound like Ash Ketchum!
- In the first episode, Bob and Phong play a tennis-esque game using a floating disc and energy-paddles on their hands and feet. Then the camera angle becomes a view from above, and it's instantly obvious that the game is Pong.
- Another episode, "Number 7", was an homage to The Prisoner, complete with farcical trial scene, seesaw-camera-chair, and use of the phrases "Who is Number One?" and "Be seeing you".
- The third season also had an episode (written, appropriately enough, by D.C. Fontana) that was an homage not only to classic Star Trek (including a log entry, a tricorder, and original series sound effects) but also superhero teams such as the Legion of Super-Heroes; the death of their leader (who acted and spoke suspiciously like William Shatner overemoting) was due to having something dropped on him... and giving a version of Spock's final lines from The Wrath of Khan.
- In fact, the third season was full of these, including references to The Six Million Dollar Man, Braveheart, Xena, Mars Attacks!...
- Pinky and the Brain did plenty of whole-episode homages, including ones for The Third Man, Winnie-the-Pooh, Around the World in 80 Days, and The Prisoner.
- TV show doing an homage to a stage musical: Pinky and the Brain includes an episode parodying most of the memorable songs in the musical "Man of La Mancha".
- The South Park film, "Bigger, Longer, and Uncut", is structured with numerous homages to the structure and musical style of the musical Les Misérables. In fact, South Park does this a lot.
- "Starvin' Marvin" contains a rather obvious spoof of Braveheart before the big fight between the townsfolk and the mutant turkeys.
- "Korn's Groovy Pirate Ghost Mystery" is a spoof of a typical episode of Scooby-Doo.
- The episode "Pip" is a slightly warped Whole Plot Reference to Charles Dickens' Great Expectations.
- The entire fight sequence from "Cripple Fight" is lifted — move for move — from the alley fight sequence in John Carpenter's They Live!.
- Season 8 Ep 1 "Lets Fighting Love" is an homage to ninja anime shows.
- Season 5 Ep 9 "Osama bin Laden Has Farty Pants" features Cartman & Osama in an homage to Bugs Bunny & Elmer Fudd cartoons.
- The Wizard of Oz in "It's Christmas In Canada".
- The series Duck Dodgers does this regularly.
- One example involves a Star Wars Imperial Star Destroyer lookalike Martian ship, features a version of the Death Star trench run, and even has Marvin complaining about people getting themselves killed trying to recreate the scene. Later, just to make sure that no-one missed the reference, the deceased Duck Dodger and Space Cadet appear at the end as glowing blue ghosts wearing Jedi robes.
- Another notable episode features an uncannily spot-on parody of Samurai Jack.
- Another one is in the "Fudd" episode it ends with a huge The Wizard of Oz homage. The icing on the cake is that Duck Dodgers breaks the fourth wall and informs the audience "This is not copyright infringement, it's a tribute" when they dress up as the head Fudd's guards (who even do the Winkie chant from the 1939 movie).
- Animaniacs also did these. The hilarious Who's On Stage scene is a clear homage to the original Abbott and Costello sketch. Also, Rita and Runt's version of Les Misérables.
- In Avatar: The Last Airbender:
- Season 1 episode "The Deserter" seems to be an homage to Apocalypse Now, what with the ex-elite soldier leading a guerilla resistance in the jungle and being spoken of in nigh-worshipful tones by his follower. It would probably be a little too much to expect the line "I love the smell of firebending in the morning," but other than that the resemblance is, if not uncanny, at least enough to make one think.
- Episode "The Great Divide": the Zhang leader's story is expressed in an animation style strikingly similar to Dead Leaves.
- A later episode was probably an homage to The Rashomon Gate.
- Recess has a few homages to Hogan's Heroes, one episode going so far as to take the pilot episode of Hogan's Heroes and adapt it to the playground. Similarly, TJ and Hogan both have a trademark hat and jacket and walk into the principal/warden's office with fairly regular ease and often never getting into trouble.
- Histeria did a few theme songs parodying the intro sequences to other TV shows, including The Addams Family, The Simpsons, and I Spy. One episode also had a framing device featuring the characters in a Star Trek setting.
- In the Teen Titans episode "Revolution", British supervillain Mad Mod took over America and turned it into a Britain heavily inspired by the style of Monty Python animator Terry Gilliam. They even threw in the crushing foot!
- The Transformers Animated episode Decepticon Air is an Homage to both Con Air and the first Die Hard movie, complete with Optimus using the explosives down the elevator shaft and the "air vent rant" scene.
- Several episodes of Code Lyoko contain direct Homages to various movies:
- In the Superman: The Animated Series episode "New Kids in Town", in which Brainiac travels back in time to kill Clark Kent before he can become Superman, a scene set in a diner is lifted almost whole from the bar scene in Terminator 2: Judgement Day.
- Futurama features an homage to one thing or another in almost every other episode.
- In "Brannigan, Begin Again", Zapp and Kif are thrown out of the military and have to live like hobos on the streets. Zapp dresses up in cowboy leather clothing and hustles on a street corner, to the tune of "Everybody's Talkin' At Me". The entire montage is a straight Homage to Midnight Cowboy.
- Bender's B-Plot in "Mars University" is based directly on National Lampoon's Animal House, though it mixes in various parodies of the 80's era college frat film genre as a whole.
- "Why Must I Be a Crustacean in Love", where Fry Plays Cyrano for Dr. Zoidberg. Of course here Fry is not so fortunate when the lady decides that she wants him instead — she's a hideous Starfish Alien — so the plot shifts gears and we're suddenly watching "Amok Time".
- "A Flight To Remember" is a retelling of the story of Titanic... IN SPACE!
- The episode "Fry and the Slurm Factory".
- The My Little Pony: Friendship Is Magic episode "The Return of Harmony, Part 2" ends with an almost shot-to-shot homage to the ending of Star Wars: A New Hope.
- Discord himself is a big one to Q. This was the case even before they got Q's actual actor to take up the role (they originally intended to use a sound-a-like) and Lauren Faust admits she created him after a Star Trek Archive Binge.
- "Super Speedy Cider Squeezy 6000" has a musical number that homages "Trouble in River City" from The Music Man, right down to the crowd chanting "Cider! Cider! Cider!" like the original song's "Trouble! Trouble! Trouble!"
- There is also the book series Daring Do, a homage to Indiana Jones.
- Rugrats' Reptar, a giant green dinosaur with bumpy blue spines is such an obvious homage to Godzilla it's a wonder Toho hasn't sued Nickelodeon for profiting off of Godzilla's likeness.
- On the topic of Godzilla, the episode "Trust No One" in Godzilla: The Series is a full-on homage to The Thing (1982): something that can mimic a living being perfectly, the paranoia of who to trust, and a game of Spot the Impostor. "What a Long, Strange Trip It's Been" is pretty much Fantastic Voyage.
- Both versions of Pound Puppies are homages to The Great Escape and Hogan's Heroes, with Cooler being a direct reference to The Great Escape's Cooler King, and both groups of dogs escaping the pound in similar fashions to the prisoners. (Paul Germain and Joe Ansolabehere produced the first season of the 2010 series, who also created another homage.)
- The Ben 10 franchise contains an alien called Way Big◊ who is a hundred feet tall, has a blank face with a crest on the top of his head, and can fire beams of cosmic energy by crossing his arm in front of him. Sound familiar? Ben 10: Ultimate Alien takes the homage even further◊. even the name of the species- To'kustar is a reference. Things get truly weird in Ben 10: Omniverse, with a mutated female To'kustar◊ designed as an homage to, of all things, Scanty.
- The Wallace & Gromit short A Close Shave has a To the Batpole! sequence very reminiscent of Thunderbirds (and with a similar epic drum roll).
- Archer sees fit to do this in one particular episode, The Placebo Effect. Archer himself and undoubtedly the writers themselves were so blown away by the famous Magnum, P.I. episode Did You See The Sun Rise that they honored it in their own little tribute.