Film / Saving Private Ryan

"Someday we might look back on this and decide that saving Private Ryan was the one decent thing we were able to pull out of this whole godawful, shitty mess. Like you said, Captain, maybe we do that, we all earn the right to go home.''
Sgt. Horvath

Saving Private Ryan is a 1998 war film directed by Steven Spielberg and starring Tom Hanks, Matt Damon, Edward Burns, Tom Sizemore, Vin Diesel, Barry Pepper, Ted Danson, and many more Hollywood men.

The film's setting is World War II, beginning with D-Day — namely, Omaha Beach, where "hell's doors were open" and the Allied soldiers faced the first waves of Nazi resistance. There, Capt. Miller (Hanks) and his company slowly penetrate the German defenses leading to a breakout from the beach.

After the Omaha Beach invasion, General George C. Marshall receives the news that three brothers with the last name "Ryan" have all died in combat — two during the Normandy landing, the third in the Pacific — and the location of the fourth, who dropped into France as a paratrooper, is unknown. Miller receives orders to search for the fourth and last Ryan (Damon) so that Ryan can be sent home, and he quickly assembles a small squad to carry out the task.

After going through many French cities and losing two men, Miller's unit finally finds Ryan — but there's a problem: Ryan is with a small group of soldiers who have been ordered to protect a bridge from the Germans, and he steadfastly refuses to leave behind "the only brothers" he has left. Outnumbered and outgunned by advancing German forces, Miller and the rest of his squad put it all on the line for the survival of just one man.

The film earned the praise of audiences and critics alike; it was the highest-grossing domestic film of 1998 (second-highest-grossing worldwide), and it received eleven nominations in that year's Academy Awards (winning five). A notable fact was that Steven Spielberg won the award for Best Director, but the film itself lost to Shakespeare in Love, making Ryan one of the few films in the modern history of the Awards to do so.

This film contains examples of:

  • Adorkable: Upham, with his clumsiness, intellect, and inexperience, is charming yet klutzy throughout most of the film. He's less charming after his reluctance to fight allows someone else in the squad to be killed.
  • Age Cut: The epilogue, which subverts the apparent one at the beginning.
  • Alliterative Name: Richard Reiben
  • All There in the Manual: When Miller suggests using a sticky bomb, the soldiers ask him if he had just made it up. Miller points out that it's in the field manual.
  • Always a Bigger Fish: The sniper kills wave after wave of German infantry without fear of retribution - until he stares down the barrel of a Marder in the final battle. From a clocktower, no less.
  • America Won World War II: The focus is entirely on the American troops, ignoring the fact that Britons, Canadians and Australians also fought on the Allied side. The one time the British are mentioned, when a rescue mission to save Ryan is established at the beach, it is mostly in derogatory terms. Justified Trope, in the sense that the soldiers of the Allied nations weren't mixed together willy-nilly. All the forces landing on Omaha Beach were American, and the nations of the Allies remained segregated as they pushed inland, with the Americans on the west flank and the British on the east.
  • Anyone Can Die: "Can" hardly does it. Only 3 men survive the battle of Ramelle. Two don't even make it that far.
  • Armor Is Useless:
    • A field doctor fixes up a wounded man at Omaha, only for another bullet to go through the victim's helmet as he works, defeating the purpose of trying to patch him up. This in part has to do with the fact that the steel helmets of the day were designed to stop the shrapnel and glancing shots commonly faced by entrenched infantry, not direct hits.
    • In what appears to be a subversion, another scene in the sequence has a soldier's helmet getting hit with a bullet. However, being a glancing hit, the bullet bounces off the helmet. Then the poor fool takes off his helmet to look at the mark left by the bullet, without putting his head down. No points for guessing what happens next.
  • Artistic License Ė History: Spielberg put it best during his keynote address on the 149th anniversary of the Gettysburg Address: "Itís not the job, and in fact itís a betrayal of the job, of a historian to promise perfect and complete recall of the past, to promise memory that abolishes loss. One of the jobs of art is to go to the impossible places that other disciplines, like history, must avoid." With that in mind ...
    • The Omaha Beach scene was filmed at Curracloe Beach in Ireland, as filming at Normandy was not an option for several reasons. Although Curracloe resembles Normandy in most important aspects, the actual D-Day landings were timed with the low tide and thus the German bunkers were roughly 800 yards from the water. It's important to stress that using Curracloe's shorter beach was a conscious and pragmatic decision by the film crew and not an "all too common trap" they fell for, as some critics have claimed.
    • At the time of filming the Omaha Beach scene, Spielberg's film crew was neither able to procure nor reproduce the British LCA vehicles that the 2nd and 5th Ranger Battalions used in the D-Day landings. They instead opted to use the American-made LCM and LCVP boats, of which seaworthy replicas (and two genuine craft) were readily in supply. To keep some form of consistency, it was decided to have those boats crewed by Americans rather than the Royal Navy sailors who piloted the LCAs. Unfortunately, this has drawn criticism (especially among the British) that the movie "intentionally removes all presence of the rest of the Allies" because of this.
    • The Omaha Beach scene is a Compressed Adaptation: taking over the Dog Green sector took three hours, not half an hour.
    • The sniper on the church tower in the final battle would not have worked in real life. German Army battle doctrine at the time would have dictated the shelling of the tower from afar due to the fact that it can be used as for sniping and reconnaissance. Except this is also from a time period when the German Army was literally running out of weaponry and they don't have the tanks needed to carry out such a task.
    • Some military jargon is not period correct, such as "rallying point" and "Clear up/Clear down". Mostly attributed to military advisor Dale Dye being an officer during the Vietnam War.
  • Badass and Child Duo: Sadly averted. Caparzo tries to take a kid to save it from war and the parents wanted it to happen, but Miller orders them not to. Caparzo doesn't listen and gets sniped.
  • Badass Crew: Everyone in Miller's squad has their moments.
  • Bad News, Good News: Private Ryan, the bad news is that all of your brothers were killed in combat. The good news is that you got a free ticket home.
  • Bald of Evil: The Germans all have buzzcuts, despite the average hair length in the Wehrmacht being 1-2 inches, perhaps to make them look like skinheads. The extras who played the Germans were part of a living history group, and they all had authentic haircuts; they tried to argue about the headshaving, but were overruled by the director.
  • Big Badass Battle Sequence: Omaha Beach comes to mind in all its gory glory. Then Ramelle does the same thing.
  • Big Damn Heroes
  • Bilingual Bonus: Not all of the defenders at Normandy in the film were German. The soldiers who are executed while surrendering are shouting, "Please don't shoot me, I am not German, I am Czech, I didn't kill anyone, I am Czech!"
  • Blood-Stained Letter: Caparzo tries to give Wade a letter to his father after he's shot, but he wants it recopied so his family won't see the bloodstains on the original.
  • Book Ends: The film starts and finishes with the American flag.
  • Boring but Practical: At the tipping point of frustration over not being able to find Ryan, Miller simply yells out Private Ryan's name over and over as a rally of paratroopers walk by. Sure enough, one of Ryan's company recognizes the name and tells Miller Ryan was part of a troop headed to Ramelle.
  • Bottomless Magazines: Very minor example. In the climactic battle, Jackson shoots about 6 or 7 Germans without reloading, even though the M1903 Springfield can only hold 5 rounds at a time.
  • Bowdlerize:
    • Ryan is one of the very rare R-rated aversions. Out of respect to veterans in wake of the film's immense popularity and impact, broadcast and cable networks leave the movie untouched and air it in its original state (sometimes with commercial breaks, sometimes not, but if there are breaks, the first one never happens until after the end of the Omaha Beach sequence). The film is always rated TV-MA, and has a disclaimer every time it comes from break, to account for this.
    • Played straight in-film with the vets' choice of language, though; "fouled up" is used a lot more often than the more colorful version of the phrase.
  • Break the Cutie: Played hard with Upham. The movie goes through great lengths to point out how he is (almost to an adorable degree,) far more innocent and naive than his fellow squad members (which is justified considering he's not actually a ranger himself, but is rather on loan from 29th Infantry Division.) He is also notably the only member of the squad other than Miller who thinks that they should not execute Steamboat Willie, whom he vociferously defends, and is the only one to actually treat the German prisoner with some compassion and respect. Cut to him by the end of the film, where he has watched just about every friend he's made get brutally offed with extreme prejudice, including Captain Miller, who is ironically shot by Steamboat Willie, the very man who he had shown mercy when his entire squad demanded blood. When Upham once again takes Steamboat Willie prisoner, he executes him in cold blood, becoming the only character in the film Upham has killed.
  • Brooklyn Rage: Reiben, who even has "Brooklyn New York" on the back of his jacket.
  • Bulletproof Vest: The helmet case above.
  • Bulletproof Human Shield: During the Omaha Beach scene, medics use the body of a dead soldier to successfully shield a wounded man from machine gun fire.
  • Butt Monkey: Upham spends a sizable portion of the movie as this. Especially apparent once the rest of the squad manages to convince him FUBAR is a German word that he, as their translator, should know, only for him to relentlessly search his German dictionary to no avail. It takes him the better part of the movie to figure it out.
    Mellish: (Giving Upham ammunition) Fucked up beyond all recognition.
    Upham: (Smokes nervously) Yeah.
    Upham: FUBAR...
    Mellish: (Laughs and slaps him.)
  • Camera Abuse: Dirt on the lens happens many times. There's also blood on the camera lens in the Omaha scene.
  • California Doubling: The D-Day invasion scene was shot in Ireland (precisely Ballinesker Beach, Curracloe, Wexford). Also, most of the town scenes (Neville-au-Plain and Ramelle) were shot on a single (and quite small) set in Hatfield, England. The same zone was also used in Band of Brothers, but the set was 10 times bigger.
  • Call Back: The German sniper who had killed Carpazo and was later killed by Private Jackson was holed up in a ruined church tower. Ironically, Jackson also meets his end while perched in a ruined clock tower in Ramelle.
  • Call Forward: "That's where I'd be."
  • Captain Smooth and Sergeant Rough: Literally, with Capt. Miller and Sgt. Horvath.
  • Chekhov's Gun: The knife Mellish obtains at Omaha.
  • Chekhov's Gunman: The Nazi machine-gunner who shot Wade and was released by the Americans returns later in the final battle. The last 15 minutes of the film could be characterized as going down with Chekhov's Guns blazing.
  • Chekhov's Skill: Capt. Miller comments that he used to coach a kids baseball team at the school he worked at. Later during the Battle of Ramelle, he's show pitching mortar shells as improvised grenades with deadly accuracy.
  • Cherubic Choir: Heard in the soundtrack's main theme, Hymn to the Fallen.
  • Cluster F-Bomb: See The Medic. Wade spends a bunch of time stopping bleeding on a soldier shot in the chest. Right after he's done, another bullet goes right through the soldier's helmet. And that was no ordinary soldier that Wade and the medics were trying to save either; that was the battalion surgeon. You can understand why he's cursing so profusely afterward.
    Wade: FUCK! Give us a fuckin' chance, you son of a bitch! You son of a FUCKIN' COCKSUCKER!
  • Cold Sniper: Jackson. Although it's worth noting that while he's emotionally cold when he's actually sniping, reciting Bible verses aloud while calmly lining up his shots, when it comes to his interactions with the rest of the squad he's one of the friendlier and more courteous soldiers in the team.
  • Confessional: Illustrating the fact that forgiveness of sins doesn't require an actual wooden booth, the camera passes a dying soldier reciting an act of contrition to a Catholic chaplain: "Oh, my God, I am heartily sorry for having offended Thee. I detest my sins for having offended thee, O Lord..." This is immediately followed by a shot of a different soldier reciting the Hail Mary in Latin. It should be noted that, under the circumstances, the priest almost certainly did not bother to have the dying man recount his sins individually, and was probably using the act of contrition as a precursor to both sacramental absolution and Extreme Unction.
  • Contemplate Our Navels: The film ruminates a lot on the purpose of heroism, duty and valor, like many war films.
  • Cunning Linguist: Upham.
  • The Dead Have Names
    Reiben: Hey, asshole! Two of our guys died trying to find you, all right?
    Ryan: What were their names?
    • Also serves to humanize Ryan immediately: rather than quickly apologizing for their deaths, he wants to know who they were so that he can bear that burden.
  • Death by Irony: Many of the main characters' fates are ironic in some way. Miller is killed by the very same German prisoner he mercifully spares at the midpoint of the movie. Steamboat Willie (the German who kills Miller) is coldly executed by Upham (the only other American to defend him) after he witnesses him shoot Miller fatally in the chest. Mellish is killed with his own bayonet during a struggle with a Waffen-SS soldier. Reiben and Upham, respectively the one who vocally disagreed with the mission the most and the other a completely new arrival to the squad with absolutely no combat experience whatsoever, end up the only members of the squad who survive the entire movie and successfully bring Ryan home to his mother safely.
  • Death Notification: A montage early on as Mrs. Ryan receives a series of death notices for all but one of her sons.
  • Dies Wide Open: Several times.
  • Dirty Coward: Steamboat Willie, the German soldier captured in the aftermath of taking the radar station, shamelessly grovels to the American protagonists to spare him even though he was the one who killed Wade. Later on, he returns for the final battle having rejoined another German unit, and ends up gunning down a few of the same people who spared him, including Captain Miller. Upham is a somewhat more sympathetic example.
  • Distracted from Death: On the beach, while trying to drag Lieutenant Briggs to a medic, an explosion knocks Miller down. When he resumes dragging his wounded comrade, it takes him a second to realise that he was just blown in half. Later, Miller speaks to a radio man, turns away for a moment, goes to talk to the radio operator again and sees that the guy is dead. Also, Sergeant Horvath dies like this too.
  • Don't Call Me Sir: Upham is warned not to salute Captain Miller, as this will draw sniper fire.
  • Dramatic Sit-Down:
    • The epilogue has the old man kneeling in front of the tombstone, overcome by his emotions.
    • Mrs. Ryan, well aware what the official car coming to her house means, crumples to a sitting position on her front porch.
  • During the War
  • Dwindling Party: Out of the original squad sent to find Ryan as well as the entire paratrooper force defending the town of Ramelle, only two members of the original squad and Ryan himself survive when Allied reinforcements finally arrive.
    • Miller's squad:
      • Pvt. Caparzo: Shot by a sniper in Neuville and bleeds out before anyone can help him.
      • Medic Wade: Mortally wounded by Steamboat Willie and given a morphine overdose by Horvath so he'll die in less pain.
      • Pvt. Jackson: Blown up by a Marder in Ramelle's bell tower.
      • Pvt. Mellish: Stabbed in the chest by a German soldier.
      • Sgt. Horvath: Shot repeatedly while retreating over the bridge, he dies after taking cover.
      • Capt. Miller: Shot in the chest by Steamboat Willie at the bridge; he dies while talking to Ryan.
    • From the paratroopers (the named ones at least):
      • Cpl. Henderson: Shot in the throat just before the death of Pvt. Mellish.
      • Pvt. Parker: Blown up alongside Pvt. Jackson in Ramelle's bell tower.
      • Pvt. Toynbe: Either killed by the 20mm cannon or shot to death in the retreat across the bridge.
  • Elites Are More Glamorous:
    • The main characters are Army Rangers and Ryan is a member of the 101st Airborne.
    • Played with with Upham, who is not a ranger himself, but on loan from the Twenty-Ninth Infantry and has absolutely no combat experience.
  • Everybody's Dead, Dave: Of the squad sent to find Ryan, only Upham and Reiben survive. The paratroopers are even worse; only Ryan survives.
  • Explosive Stupidity: One soldier lights his sticky bomb too early and takes too long with trying to plant it on an approaching tank.
  • Famous Last Words: "Earn it."
  • A Father to His Men: John H. Miller, especially during the desertion scene.
    • You get a flash of this along with his despair when he sees Jackson's bell tower position explode from a tank shell in the final battle. He gives another glance after the cut with his mouth hung open in shock before he starts firing at the Germans again.
  • Five-Token Band: Given that the US army was segregated during World War II, the squad's diversity is based on different white ethnicities.
    • Capt. Miller: Anglo (from Pennsylvania)
    • Carpozo: Italian
    • Jackson: Southern
    • Mellish: Jewish
    • Rieben: Irish (fron NY)
  • Flamethrower Backfire: Done in the opening scene.
  • Framed for Heroism: A wounded Miller starts firing his pistol at a tank. It blows up... because the Air Force has arrived.
  • Framing Device: The opening and closing scenes are an old man bringing his family to the Normandy War Memorial. It's the elderly Ryan, who breaks down when finding Captain Miller's cross and proceeds to tell him he tried to "earn this" in the resulting decades.
  • Freeze-Frame Bonus: If you look really carefully, the old man at the beginning of the film is wearing a 101st Airborne pin on his jacket, which serves as a Spoiler Opening: Miller's squad is drawn from his company of the 2nd Battalion, US Army Rangers while Upham is a clerk on loan from the 29th Infantry Division. Only one major character was in the 101st Airborne: the eponymous Private Ryan.
  • Friendly Sniper: Outside of battle, Jackson is very friendly. In battle, however...
  • Gag Boobs: A character in one of the soldier's stories before the big battle.
  • Genre Blind: Caparzo quickly learns the hard way why it's a bad idea not to listen to your more Genre Savvy squadmates.
    Miller: And that's why we don't take children!
  • Gorn: Several instances in the film, but most of it is found in the Omaha Beach sequence. Since that's the way it was, it's just honest filmmaking. The soldier calmly searching for his torn-off arm, for example.
  • Grenade Hot Potato:
    • Mellish has to do this when a German "potato masher" lands right in his lap.
    • Done by the German MG42 crew during the machine gun nest assault.
  • Gunship Rescue: The Cavalry at the ending.
  • Hand Signals: Jackson uses them to update Capt. Miller on enemy movements from his vantage point during the climactic battle. During the D-Day assault, Horvath gives a "cease fire" signal but has to shout it several times before the rest of the soldiers around him acknowledge it and stand down.
  • Heroic BSOD: Upham during the final battle, and Wade on Omaha Beach.
  • Hollywood Tactics: There are a number of "tactically unsound" moments throughout the film, but in many cases they're Justified and even Truth in Television. Some examples—
    • The assault on the radar tower's machine gun nest. The tactics used are historically accurate and sound for an infantry squad — it's a three-pronged attack that has pairs of runners dash from cover to cover, covered by Reiben's Browning Automatic Rifle until they come to grenade range. However, Miller could have employed Jackson's sniping skills instead, which he had previously used at Omaha Beach to eliminate an MG-42 nest. Not doing so is the whole point of this scene — to show that combat weariness is getting to Miller, and that he's making bad decisions.
    • Although bell towers are great sniping spots, they (and other obvious vantage points) were often demolished by both sides with extreme prejudice for that very reason — not to kill snipers already in them, but to deny access to them in the first place.
    • During the Battle of Ramelle, the Germans field lightly-armored and vulnerable tank destroyers in addition to the heavy Tiger tanks. This actually serves to demonstrate the state of Germany's forces toward the end of the war — they're using vehicles unsuited for urban combat because it's all they have on hand.
    • Also during the Battle of Ramelle, the Panzergrenadiers that should be ahead of them are in fact hiding behind them as cover. This kind of thing actually happened in the real war, either due to poor timing, poor training, or stark terror on the infantry's part. Captain Miller also baits the German tanks in the form of Reiben on the back of a Kettenkrad with his BAR, further adding to the disarray.
    • Upon viewing the Battle of Ramelle, the real Major Winters (of Band of Brothers fame) told Spielberg he would've blown up the bridge as a first resort then have Engineers replace it later. Spielberg told him it wouldn't have been dramatic enough for a movie. Instead, the Airborne and Rangers rig it to blow as a last resort if they can't hold the line.
  • Homage Shot: Omaha Beach includes citations to Gallipoli, Catch-22 and Ran.
  • Improvised Weapon:
    • The final scene. With the exception of the Sticky Bombs; though only Miller knows about them here, they were in the soldiers' field manual, as he quickly points out. But hitting the 60mm mortar shells before throwing them fits perfectly.
    • During the same scene Horvath encounters a German soldier whose weapon jams. The German soldier decides to throw his helmet at Horvath, which prompts Horvath to retaliate by throwing his helmet too. Both use the opportunity to draw and fire their sidearms at each other.
  • Insert Grenade Here: Fighting the tanks in the final scene.
  • I Want My Mommy: Near dead soldiers ask for their moms at their last breaths. Consider the setting, it's not surprising.
  • Jitter Cam: During war scenes. It set the tone for the next few decades of action sequences.
  • Just Following Orders: "We're not here to do the "decent thing"! We're here to follow fuckin' orders!"
  • Kill 'em All: Played straight without mercy.
  • Knife Fight: Noted for being rather psychologically disturbing.
  • Ludicrous Gibs: The entire film has many instances, including the famous D-Day scene, and the failed result of the aforementioned Improvised Weapons.
  • MacGuffin: The eponymous Ryan. And later the bridge at Ramelle.
  • Made of Plasticine: Although the carnage is realistic.
  • Man Bites Man: Mellish bites the hand of the German soldier opposite him in a Knife Fight.
  • Manly Tears:
    • The final scene, where Ryan - now an old man with his children and grand children at the Normandy Memorial — is crying at Captain Miller's grave. He asks his wife if he lived a good life, echoing Miller's comments to "earn it".
    • The normally reticent and stoic Captain Miller after Wade dies. Miller can't help but break down and cry at the loss of another one of his men (he remembers the precise number of every man who's died under his command,) and promptly does so, hidden away from his men so none of them can see him cracking.
  • Man on Fire: A flamethrower is used in the final parts of Omaha Beach (and another is seen blowing up early on and incinerating its user and several others), and several men are immolated with Molotov cocktails in the final battle.
  • Major Injury Underreaction: Played realistically, as a result of adrenaline and shock. Sgt. Horvath says "Just got the wind knocked out of me" after he's been shot several times, and a GI on Omaha Beach picks up his arm that has been severed at the shoulder and walks away with it.
  • The Medic: Played realistically. No magically getting up and continuing to fight once one medic's arrived; we have teams of three or four medics doing all they can just to keep shrapnel-wound hemorrhaging from being lethal, or to pump the wounded full enough of morphine so they can stop screaming in agony, with no more than they could be carrying on their persons to use on a muddy, bloody beachhead. And no sooner do they congratulate themselves on saving one soldier at Omaha Beach — at the cost of a LOT of surgical dressings and drugs — does another machine gun bullet punch a single, neat hole through the dome of the soldier's helmet.
  • Mercy Kill: Played straight with Wade, inverted with the burning Germans on D-Day ("Don't shoot! Let 'em burn!").
  • Mexican Standoff: A group of American and German soldiers unexpectedly bump into each other in a bombed-out village, and each shouts, trying to tell the other side to surrender. Ted Danson shows up and blasts the Germans, ending the standoff.
  • Mistaken Identity: During the mission, the squad finds Private James Ryan and prepare to bring him home, telling him his brothers have been killed. The private then starts bawling and asks how his brothers died, but then mentions they're still in grade-school, prompting the squad to realize they'd run into James Frederick Ryan. Later on, on finding the right Private Ryan, Captain Miller makes sure to confirm he's actually James Francis Ryan.
  • Moe Greene Special: Jackson gives a sniper a round through his scope.
  • Mood Whiplash: All over the place. Many scenes have the mood lightened by Black Comedy or the soldiers telling funny jokes, only for the horror\sadness to kick in right afterwards.
    • One of the more memorable early scenes takes place in the emotional cooldown period following the initial Omaha Beach landings. Adrian Caparzo finds a Hitler Youth knife on the corpse of a young German soldier, and offers it to the (Jewish) Stanley Mellish, evidently in the expectation that, as a Jew, he'd feel pleased with being the first squad member to take a Nazi war prize. Mellish, apparently not the vengeful type, is instead overwhelmed with sadness; not only does the knife remind him of the terrible fate suffered by the Jews under Hitler, but also that he's just been forced to kill a brainwashed teenaged boy who was as much a victim of the Nazi war machine as his own people were. He half-heartedly jokes that the knife is now a "Shabbat challah cutter", before bursting into wracking sobs (still clutching the knife) as the suddenly-chastened Caparzo glumly watches on.
      • Not to subtract from the above reading of why Mellish cries, a simpler explanation is that he is having a Heroic BSOD or Broken Tears moment due to having just stormed the beaches of Normandy and watching fellow soldiers being churned through the meat grinder.
    • One of the more severe moments is also the most understated: after finding a crashed plane and a group of soldiers, the squad splits up bags of dog tags of KIA soldiers and starts going through them, hoping to find Ryan's so that they can end their crazy mission. They start slapping the tags around like playing cards and cracking jokes about some of the names, and they're actually pretty funny, even getting Captain Miller to laugh. Then Wade (the medic) notices what they're doing, and furiously runs over to scoop the tags up, angrily pointing out that they're making light of dead soldiers, in full view and earshot of a column of soldiers (who presumably are the dead guys' comrades) marching by. The whiplash is exceedingly strong.
  • Multiple-Choice Past: Miller, due to the wild speculation of his men.
  • Mundane MacGuffin Person: Private Ryan. The search for him in the warzone is the plot.
  • My God, What Have I Done?: Mellish, after surviving D-Day and getting handed a Hitler Youth knife.
  • NaÔve Newcomer: Upham.
  • Needle in a Stack of Needles: Said after the Omaha Beach landing. What are the odds of finding one soldier in a huge army in the middle of a battle?
  • New Meat: Upham never fought before Miller asked him to join the squad and hasn't handled a weapon since basic training.
  • No Good Deed Goes Unpunished: Private Caparzo attempts to take a little French girl named Jacqueline with the rest of the squad, at the urging of her parents, because she reminds him of his niece, with the rest of the squad yelling at him not to do it. He gets shot by a sniper for his troubles. That German that Upham convinced Miller to spare and caused the mutiny crisis? He ends up killing Miller later.
  • No One Gets Left Behind: A large aspect of the movie.
  • Obligatory War Crime Scene: Narrowly subverted — the patrol is on the verge of executing a captured German after his squad kills Wade, but don't (and after he comes back to battle, loses and surrenders, Upham shoots him). Also, surrendering Czechs are shot at Omaha (with One-Liner: "Look, I washed for supper!").
  • Obstacle Exposition: The planning of the Last Stand up to the blowing up of the bridge. Also an aversion of the Unspoken Plan Guarantee: you hear all the plans the squad has for fighting the battle of Ramelle, and then get to watch them carry it out.
  • Oh Crap!: Jackson, right before he gets blown up by a German tank.
    • Likewise on the part of The Squad when The Medic requests morphine. He is the only one that can help them treat his wounds, something he can't do if he is given morphine. They realized then they had moved from saving him to making his death less painful.
    • Which immediately follows one from The Medic himself when they tell him where the exit wound is.
    "Oh my God, my liver."
    • It's even worse than that: they'd already given him one syrette of morphine to stop the shock from being wounded — this was standard procedure. One syrette is meant to calm the body and numb pain from being wounded, and it's VERY powerful stuff. Two is enough to make your heart stop. Keep in mind that these are all combat veterans by this point, going back to battles fought in Africa, and they all seem to know Wade very well — no doubt they already know how effective combat morphine is, probably because Wade told them, or because they'd already seen what happens when you use more than one syrette on one person in quick succession. The "Oh Crap" moment wasn't so much about that they were making his death less painful — it's because he specifically asked for another dose of morphine, and syrettes were all they had on hand; they all suddenly realized Wade was asking them to help him commit suicide instead of lingering on. Which brings Wade's reaction to knowing where his wound was all the worse — he knew he wouldn't live without an actual surgeon on hand with the right equipment. Wade knew he was going to die.
  • One Steve Limit: Averted when they find the first James Ryan. They tell the poor guy that all his brothers were killed and he's about to go home, but realize that it's all a mix-up when the guy answers in confusion that his brothers are still in school.
  • The Oner: Some long takes help the battles get more engaging.
  • Pinned Down: Captain Miller and the soldiers behind the obstruction on Omaha Beach.
    Soldier: Sir, what's the rallying point?
    Miller: Anywhere but here!
  • Properly Paranoid: Reiben is against letting their prisoner "Steamboat Willie" walk free, because he obviously believes that the German armies are going to find him and he's going to be thrown back into circulation. Which is not only what happens, but the ex-prisoner also fatally wounds Miller.
  • Reality Is Unrealistic: The storming of Omaha Beach. It's been praised, especially by WWII vets who were there, for its accuracy yet it looks very little like what movie audiences have come to expect from a big battle (except for the massive casualties).
  • Reconstruction: of War Movies. Following The Vietnam War, most war movies focused on the futile or dehumanizing nature of war. This movie definitely has a War Is Hell mentality, with the shear brutality of the D-Day landings and honest portrayals of shell-shocked soldiers clearly communicating the horrors of war. Yet, this all only served to further highlight the valor of those fighting. Several of the more heroic Military and Warfare Tropes are played without irony. Captain Miller is a classic Father to His Men, and none of the military leaders are portrayed as foolish, cowardly, mean-spirited or dangerously gung-ho. Though the soldiers mock Upham for trying to apply the Band of Brothers trope to them, they all essentially interact this way. Finally, the movie is bookended by scenes at Normandy, which honors the sacrifice of American soldiers, alongside a huge American flag.
  • Red Herring: In the beginning of the film, a World War II veteran collapses in front of a grave and apparently is reliving WWII, and pans to Captain Miller, initially implying that the veteran was Miller as an old man. It is later revealed that Miller was actually killed during the war, and that the veteran was actually the eponymous character of the film.
  • The Reveal:
    • The company has a pool going on the background of Captain Miller, who never talks about where he's from and what he did before the war. Five bucks get you in the pool. The squad's general belief is that pre-war he was some kind of Badass. Before the war he was a school teacher.
    • The old veteran visiting the tombstone is PVT Ryan himself, and the tombstone is for CPT Miller.
  • Retirony: Just as the soldiers find Ryan, they need to engage in a battle for him. There's also Reiben's hilarious story about a customer in his mom's shop, just before he shipped out, showing him her boobs for comfort. And he's one of the few who survive.
  • Scope Snipe: Jackson nails a German sniper clean through his scope.
  • The Scourge of God: Jackson apparently thinks himself this. Of course a sniper's job is the sort to make people seem a wee bit odd, anyway.
  • Scenery Gorn: The urban battle scenes set in bombed-out, burning French towns.
  • Sergeant Rock: Horvath.
  • Shell-Shock Silence: Happens twice, and is a possible Trope Codifier.
  • Shell-Shocked Veteran: It's implied that Captain Miller is this from the way that his hand shakes uncontrollably when he's either anticipating the stress of upcoming combat, or concerned about his mission.
  • Shot in the Ass: It's not easy to see, but one of the medics helping the battalion surgeon with Wade takes a bullet to his canteen. You see it leak water... then all of a sudden it leaks bloody water. The medic starts scrambling to stuff a few bandages in his pants.
  • Shout-Out: Upham is chastised for saluting Captain Miller, as it identifies him as an officer to the German snipers. In Forrest Gump, the roles are reversed, as Lieutenant Dan chastises Forrest (Tom Hanks' other notable live-action performance at the time) for saluting him, as it makes him a target for the Vietcong snipers.
  • Shown Their Work: The film did a very accurate recreation of the D-Day landings with many veterans praising the realistic portrayal of the action.
    I knew Omaha was a meat grinder, but seeing it on film, my God, it hit me right in the gut.
    Dale Dye, the film's "accuracy" consultant
  • The Siege: Holding the bridge.
  • Sink the Lifeboats: After the Normandy Landing two German soldiers put their hands up and try to surrender, only to get gunned down by American Soldiers — made even more horrifying if you catch the Bilingual Bonus and realize that they're Czech conscripts. Later, when they capture Steamboat Willie, Miller and Upham are the only ones who don't want to murder him in cold blood. Steamboat Willie kills Miller at Ramelle, suggesting that not killing the POW was a mistake. After the battle, Upham shoots a surrendering and unarmed Steamboat Willie — while the movie (arguably) treats it as a good thing, in real life that would make Upham a war criminal.
  • Soldiers at the Rear: When Miller needs a new translator, the only one available is a green Corporal who's spent the entirety of the D-Day landings at a desk drawing maps and hasn't fired his weapon since basic training.
  • Spoiler Opening: See Freeze-Frame Bonus above.
  • The Squad: Played with. The camera lingers briefly on a few of the many soldiers in Captain Miller's landing craft, implying that they are going to be The Squad for the rest of the movie, but most of those men get killed in the first fifteen seconds after the shooting starts, giving a clear indication that this is not going to be your father's war movie. You meet the members of the real squad one at a time during the beach battle, but they don't become The Squad until after.
  • Sticky Bomb: "It's in the field manual."
  • Storming the Beaches: The film famously starts with the landings at Omaha Beach.
  • Stress Vomit: Some of the soldiers in the landing craft losing their cookies on their way to the D-Day landing. Though the sea travel likely didn't help, anxiety about invading France to retake it from the Nazis doubtless contributed to their nausea. This was parodied (along with the rest of the landing sequence) in Conkers Bad Fur Day.
    • A Historical Documentary elaborates that most of the soldiers filled up on a hearty meal before boarding the landing craft for the amphibious assault. It doesn't take a genius to figure out that a full stomach and rocky waves will cause strength-sapping, vertigo-inducing motion sickness.
  • Take a Moment to Catch Your Death: A soldier on Omaha Beach has a bullet go right through his helmet without touching him. He takes off his helmet and stares at it in wonder — and is plugged right in the unprotected forehead.
  • Take a Third Option: When the squad finally finds Ryan, he adamantly refuses to leave Ramelle, as it'll leave the defense of the bridge even more undermanned. Miller mulls over his two options: forcibly drag him off the battlefield as was ordered or just leave and say that they couldn't find him. He decides to keep the squad there and helps make further plans to hold the bridge.
  • Tanks, but No Tanks: Mostly averted; the Tiger and Marder mock-ups are actually quite good, although what the Marders — self-propelled anti-tank guns — were doing taking on a small infantry unit in an urban environment was simply the Germans just using whatever they had on hand. If you know where to look, it's quite easy to tell that the "Tigers" are dressed-up T-34s. The sniper confusingly refers to the Marders as "Panzer tanks, two of 'em" but that's actually Truth in Television: to your average GI all AFVs were tanks and all German tanks were panzers; the only identification they really cared about was shoot/don't shoot. American soldiers had never encountered the Marder before Normandy.
  • That's What I Would Do: The Squad comes under attack by a sniper in a French village. The squad's sharpshooter Jackson spots a tall church tower and says, "That's where I'd be". (Also Foreshadowing in that Jackson does later use a church tower and dies there.)
  • There Is No Kill Like Overkill:
    • At one point, the characters throw mortar shells as improvised grenades. Said mortar shells have almost twice as much explosive power as a frag grenade, and most of the throws landed at the feet of single soldiers.
    • In the same battle, the Germans use a Flak 38, a gun designed for shooting down aircraft, against infantry. The results were particularly... realistic.
  • Throw Away Guns: Horvath during the climactic battle gets so wound up on a combination of anger and physical pain that he ends up throwing his M1911 in the general direction of the enemy while cursing loudly, despite it neither being damaged nor out of ammo at the time.
  • Title Drop: "Someday we might look back on this and decide that saving Private Ryan was the one decent thing we were able to pull out of this whole, godawful, shitty mess."
  • Took a Level in Badass: Upham, after his Heroic BSOD. When he snaps out of it, he singlehandedly captures four German soldiers, and executes one that he had released earlier.
  • Too Dumb to Live: That one soldier on Omaha Beach just has to take off his helmet right away to see the damage from a bullet on it. On the battlefield. With bullets flying every which way. Without ducking down first. You can see where this is going.
  • Trope Codifier: Far from the first film to use Jitter Cam — the technique dates back to the 50's at least, and NYPD Blue had been using it to memetic levels for five years at that time, but the ubiquitous use of hand-held "Shakycam" in action sequences in movies, TV and Video Games began here and continued throughout the remainder of the 90's, 2000's, up to the present day. Widespread use of desaturated color, especially in War Movies/TV/Video Games, also followed.
  • True Companions: A clear cut Band of Brothers example. The squad even begins to accept Upham towards the end. Which makes it all the more tragic that he is one of only two squad members to make it to the end of the movie.
  • Ungrateful Bastard: Steamboat Willie. Of course it is likely that, after being released by the Squad and making it back to German lines, and being thrown back into circulation, he wasn't given a choice about going back into battle. With the war effort, Germany needed everyone able to carry a weapon fighting the Allied offensive. In fact, an Allied soldier escaping his captors and returning to his unit is usually viewed as heroic. But then again, he was the one to fatally shoot Captain Miller, the man who decided to release him.
    • However, it is possible he simply didn't recognise Miller in the heat of the battle.
  • Urban Warfare: Especially the climax.
  • Verbing Nouny: See the title.
  • Very Loosely Based on a True Story: Based on the Niland brothers. The Sullivan brothers, another sad Real Life tale, are name-dropped, explaining why the Ryan brothers were split up into different units.
  • War Memorial: The movie is bookended with scenes of the elderly Ryan visiting the American Cemetery in Normandy.
  • War Is Hell: If the Omaha Beach opening doesn't convince you of this, nothing will. Both the Americans and the Germans regularly slaughter each other in highly grotesque and even morally-outrageous ways, and there's never any sign that there is any good to be taken from the experience, except the titular mission of mercy.
    • After the opening, the soldiers frequently express a desire to just end the conflict and\or go home, and most dialogue just mentions how the world is downright insane during a war. While the devastating carnage continues.
  • What You Are in the Dark: When Miller and his squad come across a German machine gun nest set up to ambush any approaching Americans, his squadmates point out that they can easily bypass the Germans and nobody would ever know that they were there. However, Miller decides to take out the machine gun nest because he can't live with himself knowing that the next group of troops to go through the area might get ambushed by the machine gun. Also, Miller's squad could have easily just scrubbed the mission and returned to base saying they couldn't find Ryan, but they ultimately decide to stick through it to the end.
  • What the Hell, Hero?: A good part of the squad calls Miller out on his decision to take out the machine gun nest, even though they could have easily bypassed it or had Jackson take out the entire crew. In the ensuing direct assault, Wade ends up getting killed.
  • Why Don't You Just Shoot Him?: The Squad had a sniper with them and a clear shot of the nest, yet no one suggests he just shoot them then and there and avoid running directly at the nest.
  • Your Princess Is in Another Castle: Captain Miller, the PFC James F. Ryan you are looking for is from Iowa, not from Minnesota.

And averts:

  • All Germans Are Nazis: The German soldiers are, by and large, Heer (i.e., the German Army), with a smattering of Waffen-SS at the very end of the film; they fight ferociously and mercilessly, but no differently than the Americans would in their situations (as is explicitly noted by Miller, Jackson, and others). Even Steamboat Willie - who deceives the squad into believing he is a Harmless Villain in order to escape, then returns to the fight later and kills Captain Miller, making him the closest thing to an Arch-Enemy in the film - is a mere regular Army soldier and thus not likely an actual member of the Nazi party. Several of the German soldiers faced on Omaha are not even German, but forced foreign conscripts in German uniform, a fact that the Americans are unable to recognize prior to killing them due to the Language Barrier. There's very little stereotypical "Hollywood Nazism" among the German forces faced by the squad (aside from the ahistorical skinhead haircuts).
  • Bloodless Carnage: So very, very much.
  • Bullet Sparks, Every Bullet Is a Tracer, and pretty much every other thing listed in this page.
  • Instant Death Bullet: The only thing that's shown to immediately kill anyone it hits is the main gun of a tank.
  • It Never Gets Any Easier
  • Only a Flesh Wound: Usually quickly followed by one that is not. (except Private Jackson after Wade's death, but Miller tells him to still get it cleaned up before the grazing wound gets infected.)
  • Patriotic Fervor: The movie might open and close in an American flag, but the troops never show national pride. They want to win the war, accomplish their missions, save fellow soldiers, go home, but they never discuss on the US values and such. And despite this unpatriotic approach, some found the film jingoistic.
  • Steel Ear Drums: Miller is temporarily deafened several times by nearby explosions, and at one point, we meet a soldier who shouts everything he says because a grenade that went off close to his head has likewise deafened him. The dulled sound is also used to symbolize his temporary disassociation with reality due to the extreme stress of the moment.
  • Suspiciously Small Army: The film was lauded for having the D-Day beach look like it was crowded.
  • Translation Convention: There aren't even subtitles.
  • Those Wacky Nazis: The German soldiers that we see act more or less the same way the Americans do — some of them are just as frightened and freaked out about the war as some of the Allied soldiers.
    • A perfect example of this one is when the squad is exploring the first French village and a wall suddenly crumbles to reveal a squad of German soldiers within spitting distance. Since they're equally matched and neither side can escape, the two groups just train guns on each other in terror and make frantic, mutually-unintelligible demands for surrender until Ted Danson arrives from above with another squad to break the stalemate and blow all the Germans away.
    • The American troops are also shown to be equally hostile/coldblooded towards the Germans, although not outside of what one would expect in a total war scenario. The first act of the film shows both the shooting of surrendering German prisoners (actually Czech prisoners of war, damn Language Barrier) and a vengeful request that some Germans who had previously been devastating the Americans with machine gun fire (and had in turn ended up ignited by a flamethrower) be left to burn instead of being finished off with bullets.