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Colour Sergeant Bourne: Because we're here, lad. No one else. Just us.
A classic war film set during the Anglo-Zulu War. Based on true events, the film is the story of a Last Stand that the defenders managed to win. The Battle of Rorke's Drift was the result of the Battle of Isandlwana, at which the British expeditionary force of 2000 sent to crush the Zulus had been destroyed through a combination of skilled Zulu leadership of fearless legions of warriors and the incompetence of British commanders. 139 British soldiers in a farmstead, assigned there to protect colonials and wounded (about one third of the 139) held out against 4-5,000 Zulus for 12 hours. The battle is held to this day as one of the very best defenses in all history (take that, Little Big Horn!). Eleven of the soldiers got the VC, the highest number of this medal ever awarded for a single action. Also notable for being the first starring role for an insignificant actor named Michael Caine. Followed fifteen years later by a prequel, Zulu Dawn about the disastrous Battle of Isandlwana that took place earlier the same day. It starring Burt Lancaster and Peter O'Toole.
'70s Hair: Well... the 1870s anyway. The long sideburns on the men wouldn't look out of place a century later.
Artistic License – History: Amongst the examples is the portrayal of Colour Sergeant Bourne as a towering middle-aged man. The real Bourne was actually slighty-built and in his mid-twenties (he was, in fact, the youngest Colour Sergeant in the British Army at the time). He was even young enough to be the last survivor of the battle, dying on May 8, 1945 (appropriately enough, on the day when the war in Europe was won).
The Zulus didn't charge headlong at the British riflemen with nothing but spears and shields over open ground, which is part of the reason they won at Isandlwana and the events of the film happened in the first place. They used rocks and broken terrain as cover until they were within a few yards of the British positions, then they charged the riflemen with their spears.
Authority Equals Asskicking: Averted by the Zulus. Their commanders take no part in the battle, but instead direct operations from a hillside.
Badass: There is a reason why this battle is one of the most famous last stands in history.
Battle Chant: The battle chants of the Zulu warriors (which also include shield bashing) before the final battle are notorious; perhaps the full-throated rendition of the song "Men of Harlech" (made in response to the Zulu chants) by the Welsh soldiers could fit as well.
Becoming the Mask: during the "Men of Harlech" scene you see dozens of weary demoralized soldiers who enlisted because no one else was poor enough for the job, converting themselves into the Proud Warrior Race Guys that they were singing of. If you look closely at the Zulus you can see how many are obviously youngsters out for the first time. They are becoming a mask too.
Bloodless Carnage: As a practical matter, 1960s special effects wouldn't have been up to the challenge of faking hundreds of bayonettings and large-caliber bullet wounds on bare-chested Zulu extras.
The Cavalry: Rather cruelly subverted. A large force of cavalrymen arrive at the fort...then flee when faced with the Zulu army.
Chard: Don't worry, Miss Witt. The Army doesn't like more than one disaster in a day.
Bromhead: Looks bad in the newspapers and upsets civilians at their breakfasts.
Adendorff also has his moments.
Bromhead: We've dropped at least sixty!
Adendorff: That leaves only 3,940.
Dirty Coward: Private Henry Hook is portrayed as this in a particularly offensive piece of revisionism. In real life he was a model soldier who won the VC for saving the lives of at least a dozen patients in the hospital.
The cavalrymen were essentially yelled at as cowards by the soldiers as they've fled.
The Engineer: Lt. Chard was only a Royal Engineer assigned to Rourke's Drift to build a bridge across the Buffalo River.
It's often claimed that Bromhead was at least partially deaf, but the latest authoritative study of the 1879 campaign suggests this was a misinterpretation of Bromhead suffering PTSD in the immediate aftermath of the battle.
Loveable Rogue: Private Hook. (The real Hook was a churchgoing teetotaler, and his elderly daughters were not happy at the way the film portrayed their father.)
The "Private Hook" fictional character was shown performing the actions of several of the real life historical convict soldiers. For some reason the filmmakers gave the composite character the name of a model soldier who won the Victoria Cross.
Nipple and Dimed: The first TV screenings this film cheerfully screened it in its entirety, including the mass wedding sequence near the start where several hundred Zulu warriors dance their way into wedlock with a line of several hundred very exuberantly bouncy Zulu maidens. On the elsewhere mentioned African tribeswomen principle, this protracted scene of southern African pulchritude was always left in, regardless of the time of day of screening, throughout the 1970's, 1980's, and 1990's. Yet in the early 2000's, all this abruptly changed and British TV adopted a strictly censored version with all the bouncy toplessness left out. There was no clear reason given for this change of mind on the part of the broadcasters, and it was noticeable that later graphic scenes depicting mass slaughter of Zulu warriors under concentrated British riflepower were left in.
Worthy Opponent: The Zulus appear to be massing again to wipe out the British, but it turns out they're saluting the British for their bravery before departing for good. This is actually completely fictitious: in real life the Zulus only left because the British reinforcements arrived... and it was in no way a peaceful and dignified retreat.
Lieutenant Chard assumes command of the post, despite being an engineer rather than an infantryman, due to his three months seniority over Bromhead. In reality, he had three years seniority.
Chard is wounded and goes for treatment. He tells Bromhead that he is in command now, and adds "It's what you wanted, isn't it?"
You Are Number Six: The Privates Jones refer to each other by the serial numbers of 593 and 716. We also meet 612 Williams. In Welsh regiments where an awful lot of people might be called Williams or Owen or Jones (Wales doesn't have that many surnames), this was, and remains, standard practice. Although the Toms themselves prefer to use distinguishing nicknames where possible. Invention tends to fade after about the thirtieth Williams...
Zerg Rush: Again and again, the Zulus' chief tactic. Mainly because, in attacking a fortified post, their usual envelopment tactics can't be brought to bear.
Although, as mentioned earlier, in the real action the Zulus were much less openly suicidal about charging the post, using terrain as cover to partially negate the range of the British rifles.