"Gotta wonder... if God made us in his image, who made him?"
— Sgt. Epps (musing about Optimus Prime)
Transformers: Revenge of the Fallen is the sequel to the hit film Transformers, released 2009. It is succeeded by Transformers: Dark of the Moon.Two years after the first movie, more robots on both sides gather to Earth. The Autobots are working alongside Human Special Forces from around the world to deal with the Decepticon arrivals while Sam is heading off to college. Because of leftover elements of the first film, Sam has secrets of Cybertronian history downloaded into his subconscious mind, including the location of an ancient power source left on Earth by a Transformer known as The Fallen.
Transformers: Revenge of the Fallen provides examples of the following tropes:
Aerith and Bob: Megatron, Starscream, Soundwave, Sideways, Mixmaster, Devastator, Demolishor, Scorponok, Ravage... Reedman. Mind you, several characters have weird placeholder names before finalized names are decided, and some accidentally made it into the credits — Demolisher/Scavenger is called "Wheelbot", and Rampage is called "Skipjack". It's just that "Reedman" went unnamed onscreen (being the underling of a 'bot who is never heard to speak) and doesn't have any merchandise for a more Transformery name to be used on, either. Keeping "Reedman" seems to have just happened, rather than being intended.
Ancient Astronauts: The Primes came to Africa around 17,000 BC. The Fallen himself seems to have inspired the look of Egyptian Pharaohs.
Artistic License - Geography: According to this film, the Pentagon is in Washington D.C., not Virginia. Egypt and Jordan share a border (there's a little country named Israel), the Pyramids are portrayed as being in walking distance of the Sphinx (close, but not quite), the Valley of the Kings (thousands of miles away) and Petra (in a completely different country).
Astonishingly Appropriate Appearance: The Fallen looks like he's wearing an Ancient Egyptian Pharaoh's headdress. Fitting, because the Star Harvester is hidden within the Great Pyramid of Giza.
Bad Humor Truck: Skids and Mudflap's original altmode was an ice cream truck, one of them forming the front and the other the back.
Sign on their combined altmode: (Decepticon symbol) Suck my popsicle!
The Beautiful Elite: During the college and France portions, aside from maybe Sam's parents, nobody on the set is ugly. ESPECIALLY the women. Leo lampshades this, apparently taking credit for it using some hacking trick to get all the hot chicks into his dorm.
Benevolent Boss: General Morshower, commander of NEST. He backs up Major Lennox and his Autobot/Special Forces admirably, no matter how many a—holes question them.
Gen. Morshower: Let me stop you right there, Mr. Galloway. It was vetted right here. Major Lennox and his team have demonstrated the highest quality judgement. If he says it was necessary, that's good enough for me.
Blow You Away: Optimus uses the backblast of his Jetfire thrusters to blast Megatron through some Egyptian ruins.
Brass Balls: Devastator. Clearly we didn't roll our eyes loudly enough when Bay pulled it in the first movie.
Broken Faceplate: During the forest battle, Megatron delivers a powerful kick to Optimus that completely shatters his iconic faceplate. He even has to spit some pieces of it out of his mouth after being blasted across the forest.
The twins start out having a combined Altmode: a beat-up, old fashioned ice cream truck. Supposedly they were originally going to combine in robot mode as well (which is presumably why they're lopsided on opposite sides)
In the climax of ROTF, when Jetfire's spark is merged with Optimus, his body essentially rebuilds itself around Optimus. This also doubles as a throwback to Transformers Armada.
The Arcees were designed with combination in mind, in order to give their robot mode more mass in comparison with the other characters. This was eventually cut, but you can find art of the combined mode with a quick image search and in one panel of the tie-in comic.
Simmons kept Frenzy's decapitated head in his basement.
During a long shot of Decepticons gathering their forces, you can see the minesweeper alternate mode of Bonecrusher among them. The robot CGI model is only used briefly, through smoke and behind a building, likely because of his major scene in the first film.
The Determinator: Megatron, in the final battle, makes it his personal mission to ensure Sam does not reach Prime's body with The Matrix of Leadership, alive. He becomes the only Decepticon that actually survives "Operation: Firestorm" and actually charges right into a barrage of tank fire, just to get one shot to kill Sam. Which, he does. Unfortunately for him... it doesn't last.
Does This Remind You of Anything?: Megatron presses Sam down on an operating table while remarking that it feels good to hold the boy's flesh and then sticks things into him. And he was all on top of Starscream... It would seem this is the Legion form of Megatron...
Do Not Adjust Your Set: The Fallen broadcasts an ultimatum to the entire world to hand over Sam by having Megatron grab onto the antenna on top of the Empire State Building. (Though Soundwave did hijack communications for the entire movie...)
Scorponok gets one of these. It doesn't go as planned, though.
Bumblebee makes one against Rampage, starting his third Big Damn Heroes moment of the film.
Extra Strength Masquerade / Weirdness Censor: ROTF hits these hard. Bay claims that the events of the first movie had, by the time of the second movie, been covered up and entirely forgotten about it to the point where it's laughed off as just a joke. Think about that for a moment. Giant alien robots demolish several blocks of a US city, kill what is likely hundreds of people in the process, and less than two years later it's dismissed as just a joke?
Supplementary materials provide a much less ridiculous explanation; yes, the people know it happened, but they don't know that it was aliens who did it. The government put forth a cover story claiming that prototype search-and-rescue robots (human-built) went haywire and escaped into Mission City, going on a destructive rampage through the area.
Foreshadowing: Under the influence of the Allspark, Sam rambles in Astronomy class about the "Sentinel Prime expedition", and explains (while writing what appears to be an equation in Cyberglyphics) what might possibly be the Space Bridge.
Fruit Cart: Shows up at one point during the police chase in the Middle East.
Funny Background Event: Just before Optimus kills the chopper-bot Grindor, he hacks off the latter's rotor-wielding arm - being formed from his tail rotor, and it flies unaided into the background as the battle continues.
Gainaxing: Mikaela during a few scenes in the desert... in slo-mo, no less, and at an completely inappropriate time.
Gay Paree: A brief scene of Sam's parents in Paris includes all the requisite clichés: disgusting escargots, annoying mimes, the Arc de Triomphe...
When Optimus Prime is triple-teamed by Megatron, Starscream, and Grindor, he is seen at one point beating Starscream with his own severed arm before being killed by Megatron. Of course, being a robot, Starscream is able to retrieve his arm and reattach it afterward... after Megatron hit him with it a couple times too.
In the last battle, Optimus Prime (now combined with Jetfire) manages to make Megatron shoot himself in the face.
After Bumblebee kills Ravage... by peeling him... he uses what's left to smack Rampage in the face.
Long Distance Relationship: Sam and Mikaela try this. It starts falling apart before the end of the first day. This is largely due to a combination of Transformers and a "girl" named Alice, who is all over Sam.
Man Behind the Man: The Fallen is Megatron's master, and the real instigator of the civil war that killed Cybertron.
Ms. Fanservice: Mikaela Banes, not surprising considering she's played by Megan Fox, she shows more skin in this movie than in the last film, her clothing in this film mainly consists of sleveeless shirts and dresses
The Napoleon: Wheelie assumed the checkpoint guard fits this trope.
Not Using the Zed Word: The actual term "Transformers" wasn't mentioned at all in the first film (they did use the word "transformer" as in electrical transformer), they instead referred to the robots by their faction name or just as robots. ROTF does have Simmons refer to the robots as The Transformers.
Not What It Looks Like: Doubled-over. Mikaela walks in on Alice basically sexually assaulting Sam. It really isn't what it looks like; not only were they not making out, but Alice is also a Decepticon. It still didn't help Sam's damaging relationship with Mikaela.
Overranked Soldier: Chief Master Sergeant Epps. From Technical Sergeant (E6) to Chief Master Sergeant (E9) in two years? And he's still in the field? AND by federal law only 1% of the ENTIRE Air Force can be that rank?
Please Get Off Me: Mikaela finds herself on top after she and Leo end up in a pile after being teleported to a point roughly twenty or thirty feet over Egypt. Leo has the presence of mind to note that it's a dream come true to find such a beautiful woman land in his lap... except that she accidentally performed a gravity-assisted Groin Attack during her landing.
Power of Love: When Sam dies, though it's partially this trope and partially the efforts of a group of powerful and long-dead Primes.
Promoted Fanboy: Josh Nizzi created a fan design for a movie-based Long Haul, which was so good he was brought to Hasbro and eventually to the actual film production team. In addition to Long Haul being the first new design approved for ROTF, he ended up designing Jetfire, the new Megatron and Powered-Up Optimus Prime.
Shout Out: No matter its use, the ammo-less electro magnetic weapon nicknamed a rail gun that resides on an aircraft carrier matches the description, and fires in an almost identical way, to the MacGuffin weapons in Eraser. Makes it somewhat more acceptable knowing that.
At the end of the first movie, Bumblebee's damaged voicebox was repaired. However, at the start of ROTF, he still doesn't speak normally. Sam says that he could but he's deliberately playing it up and trying to be cute.
A tie-in comic reveals that 'Bee's voicebox was damaged again in a battle between the two films... which isn't much better than the "trying to be cute" explanation.
A smaller-scale case occurs during the battle in Egypt: Ravage claws off part of Bumblebee's faceplate, but once Rampage goes down, Bumblebee's pristine.
The Starscream: The film somewhat answers the concerns about the treacherous nature of this universe's Starscream. Apparently, he deliberately left Megatron to die on Earth at the end of the last film just for the opportunity to become Decepticon leader. Unfortunately for him... Megatron is none too pleased by that notion.
Strawman Political: Obstructive Bureaucrat Director Galloway is specifically described as President Obama's National Security Advisor and repeatedly states that he acts on behalf of the president. He spends the whole film making bad security decisions and butting heads with the military, following common conservative accusations that the Obama administration is weak on defense. Galloway also unsubtly represents the views of American-Iraq war detractors. Namely that the "autobots presence encourages more Decepticons to attack" and that we should try "diplomacy with the Decepticons".
Stuff Blowing Up: It's a Bay movie, so that's a given, but Fallen has apparently set a Guinness record for the largest explosion with the actual actors in the shot. According to Shia on The Tonight Show, it used one thousand gallons of gas. It also took about seven months to plan, set up and execute... which was about the length of time to complete principal photography for the movie as a whole.
Suggestive Collision: Mikaela lands face-down in Leo's crotch after a space bridge mishap. Subverted in that Leo notes he'd normally enjoy having a hot woman's face in his lap, but in this case he's worried she crushed something on impact.
Super Mode: Jetfire kills himself to allow his parts to superpower Optimus into killing the Fallen.
Telephone Polearm: During the forest battle, several trees are used as bludgeons by the combattants.
Sideswipe has a version of this; he fires one of his retractable blades into Sideways' hood, then presses down on it and drives the blade into the ground, effectively forcing Sideways to bisect himself by driving through it.
During the forest fight, Optimus throws one of his swords into Grindor's thigh, taking the Decepticon out of the battle for a brief period (enough to beat Starscream up with his own arm).
Took a Level in Badass: Optimus Prime. He was already a Badass in the first movie, but only just about as much as the other robots, and was brutally owned by Megatron. Not so in this movie. Although Megatron does kill him (temporarily), Optimus is an absolute berserker and is responsible for most of the movie's kills, and now has a penchant for Gory Discretion Shots involving ripping Decepticon faces apart.
Weaponized Landmark: The Pyramid of Giza, although it's not so much that the pyramid is a weapon so much that a weapon is inside it.
We Will Not Use Photoshop in the Future: Inverted, when Sam tried to convince Leo and his fellow bloggers that the footage from China was faked. They, having spent months blogging about such events, are justifiably skeptical.
Where the Hell Is Springfield?: Witwicky's college was not given a specific location outside of it being far enough away to require a plane ride. Unlike most examples, there was a reason why it was unnamed.
You Are Not Ready: The Autobots won't share advanced weapon technology. Optimus explains that he is well aware that the military would likely point such weapons at non-Deception targets and will not be party to such a slaughter. (They actually make a blanket refusal to share any of their technology at all.)