The original was similar, with Manjyome constantly correcting people with "Manjyome san da!" (roughly translated to "That's Mr. Manjyome, to you!"). Unfortunately, too many of the offenders completely misinterpret this as him trying to say the Engrish "Thunder", and thus twisting it into his nickname.
Kinnikuman is a series that likes to throw a lot of inappropriate "The"s at the start of characters' names, although they're normally omitted in translation. The most bizarre example is "Big The Budo". Much to the confusion of most English speakers, "The Budo" is the character's base name, not "Big".
The World (ZA WARUDO), Dio Brando's Stand. This name doesn't seem to mesh very well with what it does. However, The World, as with many other Stands, has a Tarot motif, with almost all of them having a "the"
Dio himself is this trope Up to Eleven: He refers to himself as "Kono Dio-sama" which roughly means "this magnificient Dio"
In the Tournament Arc of Shaman King, Tao Ren names his team The Ren team. When "team" is said after the name of a team, it becomes "the The Ren team". It is usually said before, as with "Team X-Laws" or "Team Funbari Onsen", but Tao Ren chose to name it "Team The Ren" specifically so that either way, it's his team.
While Hei from Darker Than Black doesn't have a "the" before that name, one of his other names is "The Black Reaper".
In Bleach, Kenpachi declares there is nothing he cannot cut because he's "The Kenpachi" during his fight with Gremmy Thoumeaux.
The Comic Books
As the page quote shows, The Incredible Hulk, often referred to as "The Hulk" as well. Amusingly, it's barely used in self-descriptions due to Hulk Speak.
The GoddamnBatman and The Joker, The Riddler, and The Penguin, though occasionally the articles get dropped when they are being spoken to directly. It's even lampshaded in one issue of Superman & Batman: Generations, when he is talking to Alfred's ghost. "The" Batman. You must be the only one who uses the definite article anymore.
Spider-Man'' villain The Shocker. Not to mention The Sandman, The Kingpin, The Green Goblin, The Hobgoblin, The Jackal, The Lizard, The Rhino, The Tinkerer, The Vulture, The Rose, The... Of course, Spidey would never settle for being outdone by his enemies. The Webslinger, The Wallcrawler, Your Friendly Neighborhood Spider-Man...heck, one version of him even monologues to himself that he is The Spectacular Spider-Man (or even The Amazing Spider-Man)!
What? He's not The Your Friendly Neighborhood Spider-Man?
In the UK's weekly anthology comic The Beano, any character referred to with a "the" in their title actually has it in their name. Dennis the Menace has parents referred to as Mr & Mrs. The Menace, Ivy The Terrible's have been called Mr & Mrs The Terrible (although admittedly Mr/Mrs Terrible is more usual), along with Mr/Mrs The Minx, Mr/Mrs The Dodger. However they have also all been given other names on occasion, so these names might not be considered canon.
The Drummer in Planetary. First name the, second name Drummer.
The original alias of Oroku Saki in Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles was actually "The Shredder". As time went by and subsequent mediaadaptations left their mark on the franchise, he is now more commonly referred as simply "Shredder".
In The DCU, God himself uses this for most of the names he uses/aspects he appears in, The Source, The Presence, The Hand, and The Voice. Wally doesn't use it, presumably because it would clash with the unassuming persona of that aspect.
In The Wizard in the Shadows this trope meets The Magnificent in a torrent of cool names: (Emrys) The Avenger. (Harry) The Darkness Slayer. (Sirius) The Marauder. (Théoden) The Defender. (Théodred) The Green Knight. (Éowyn) The Wraith Killer. (Eirian) The Doom Singer.
Jimmy: We're broke, we're desperate, we're hopeless... The fag doesn't pay, the Shit doesn't pay... Chloe: Don't call him "the fag!" Daphne: Don't call him "the Shit!" Shitty: At least I'm "the Shit." You're just a shit.
The Passion of the Christ. Justified, since "Christ" wasn't originally a name, but rather a title meaning "anointed" (in Greek, equivalent to Hebrew "Messiah").
The Chief: The Chief likes to refer to himself in the third person. It causes confusion, especially with the bitches.
In Cars, one of the racers is Strip Weathers, AKA "The King". At one point, Lightning McQueen calls him, "Mr. The King".
The Once-Ler in the 2012 The Lorax adaptation is an odd case in that, while Ambiguously Human in the original, he's a seemingly normal man in this version, yet he's still only ever referred to as "The Once-Ler".
In You Don't Mess with the Zohan, the titular character is sometimes referred to with a "The", although he himself doesn't do that. His archnemesis The Phantom is always referred to with a "The", except when it's revealed that his Embarrassing First Name is Fatoush.
Anne McCaffrey's Talents series has The Rowan. So named because she was found in the ruins of The Rowan Mining Company and with no known name, was referred to as "the Rowan child", and eventually she came to think it was her name.
Subverted in The Adventures of Blue Avenger, in which the protagonist wants to change his name to "The Blue Avenger," until it's pointed out that "The" would end up being his first name, after which he drops the "The" and becomes just "Blue Avenger."
In Peter S. Beagle's "Tamsin" there is The Billy Blind. Not a Billy Blind, but The Billy Blind.
According to Watson in "A Scandal in Bohemia," Irene Adler is always "The Woman" - never "a woman" - to Sherlock Holmes. This becomes an important point of contention in the fandom, since in "The Five Orange Pips" Holmes makes reference to being fooled by "a woman," and fans have debated whether or not he is referring to Adler.
Subverted by the band "Tiffanys" in the German novel Fleisch ist mein Gemüse. Everyone but themselves keeps calling them "Die Tiffanys" ("The Tiffanys").
Richard Adams's The Plague Dogs has The Tod. The concept of names is alien to him as a wild animal, and The Tod (fox) is simply what he is.
The Lord of the Rings: While plotting to betray Frodo and get his hand on the Ring, Gollum briefly fantasises about being known as The Gollum. Sauron is also called "The Lord of the Rings".
When the wizard Radagast mentioned to Gandalf that he's heard of some place called "Shire," Gandalf corrects him, "The Shire." This even though in the Common Speech (Westron), which all the characters spoke, the Shire was simply named Sûza, without an article.
The Macquern in Zuleika Dobson is always referred to as, well, The Macquern — except by Zuleika, who insists on calling him Mr. Macquern instead.
If he was the head of a Scottish clan, then "The Macquern" would be his official title, so it's possible that Zuleika was deliberately yanking his chain by calling him plain "Mr." - any man in his clan would be "Mr. Macquern", but only one could claim to be The Macquern.
In Sharpe, partisan leaders (following the Real Life examples below) give themselves titles such as "El Matarife" (The Slaughterman). Lampshaded in one instance, where Sharpe's teenage sidekick wants to be a partisan leader when he grows up, and has already chosen his title.
The Leewit from The Witches of Karres by James H Schmitz. You do not want her to whistle at you, which she might if you call her just "Leewit". Then again, she might whistle at you anyway. As it turns out, the Leewit was named according to a tradition restricting the name to one living person, and that the name is a descriptive word. It then turns out that the Leewit is the originator of this tradition, and that the word 'Leewit'' means "like the Leewit".
The Jackal from The Day of the Jackal. This is partly the consequence of his name being a secret even from the reader. Before he got his code name he was called the Englishman.
In Patrick Rothfuss' The Nameof The Wind, the main character Kvothe encounters a man who calls himself The Chronicler to which Kvothe replies, "I asked for your name, not your profession." When Chronicler does give his full name and identity, Kvothe then replies, "Oh. So you are the Chronicler."
Many nicknames that can stand alone begin with "The," such as the Imp, the Mountain That Rides, the Sword of the Morning, the Mad King, the Kingslayer, and the Red Viper. Whether the nicknames are flattering or embarrassing is a mixed bag.
The mountain clans in the North don't really consider themselves as nobility, even though Winterfell does. They prefer to be addressed as The Norrey, The Flint, etc. instead of Lord Norrey and Lord Flint. They (and many in the North) refer to Lord Stark as "The Stark" or "The Stark in Winterfell".
The cover of Rik Mayall's semi-fictionalised autobiography Bigger Than Hitler, Better Than Christ names him as The Rik Mayall.
Lawrence Smith, in Robert A. Heinlein's Double Star, bills himself as "The Great Lorenzo" Smythe, "the One-Man Stock Company", "Pantomimist and Mimicry Artist Extraordinary". He actually is a very capable actor and impersonator, though down on his luck at the beginning of the story, from bad luck and bad judgment.
Less often done in the "hero pulps", but often in the paperback original series of the 1960's to 1980's. The Executioner, the Penetrator, the Sharpshooter, the Liquidator, the Destroyer, the Butcher, the Nazi Hunter, the Terminator, the Revenger, the Avenger, the Protector, etc., stand as examples. Many retrospectives on the paperback original trend (e.g. Jeff Siegel's The American Detective: An Illustrated History, Sons of Sam Spade, Geherin in American Private Eye, Warren Murphy's article in The Fine Art of Murder, Murder Off the Rack's Matt Helm article) derisively point out how common the agent noun series title turned out.
In the Chris Crutcher novel Whale Talk, TJ's real name is The Tao Jones. His teacher doesn't believe at first that his first name is actually The. His biological mother gave him his first and middle names.
In Watership Down, the grand old leader of the (doomed) old warren is named "Threarah" ("Lord Rowan-Tree"), but the rabbits invariably call him "The Threarah".
The Ruby's Song trilogy has a character called The Jackman. It is not clear why he's called this.
Lois: (annoyed) It's just "Stiletto". There's no "the".
Played straight, and subverted in Scrubs. First there's The Todd. Then there's the janitor, who, although never referred to by name, is not called the janitor. He's called Janitor, like it's his name. (Taking it so far that when he impersonates a doctor (which happens more than any of us would do well to dwell on), he calls himself Dr. Jan Itor.)
In the Monk episode "Mr. Monk Takes His Medicine", jerkassmedicated Monk demands to be called "The Monk".
Inverted with Stephen Colbert's Running Gag about the newspaper USA Today. It started with the character mistakenly referring to it as The USA Today. Now he makes a game out of getting as many "the"s and "today"s into the sentence as possible.
Colbert has since spread the gag to other jokes, especially to (at the time) new and trending technologies, such as "The Twitter" or "The Facebook".
Top Gear does the same 'out-of-touch' joke with website names, and also inverts it:
Jeremy Clarkson: If you are lucky enough to own an internet...
Also the Corsair, who has never appeared onscreen but was mentioned in passing in the episode "The Doctor's Wife".
In "The End Of Time," we meet more Time Lords; the only names we get are "The Visionary," "The Partisan," and a few others known only by titles that we can't be sure are names versus descriptors.
Though, actually, all renegade Time Lords give themselves names in this fashion. It's just what they do.
Reference by the Doctor about The Library. "So big it doesn't need a name; just a great big the."
In the Eerie Indiana episode "Zombies in P.J.s", convenience store owner Mr. Radford makes a Deal with the Devil with a man calling himself "The Donald". Well, this guy might not be the actual devil because he apparently had a boss, but said boss probably was.
The Prophets on Star Trek: Deep Space Nine exclusively refer to Sisko as "The Sisko". Which becomes kind of hilarious when you start thinking about his several no-nonsense kick-ass actions throughout the series.
They also call Grand Nagus Zek "The Zek," but they only mention him once in the entire series, so it goes mostly unnoticed.
Also, in the TNG episode "Who Watches the Watchers?", Picard is referred to as "The Picard"
"I believe I have seen the Overseer. He is called 'The Picard.'"
During the writer's strike, Jon Stewart's show was just A Daily Show. When the writers returned, they once again became The Daily Show.
Jon Stewart: Oh, definite article, how I've missed you!
Invoked by TV Guide with a short-lived 1970s game show called The Better Sex. TV Guide normally omits "The" from titles beginning with that word, but they realized that people might balk at seeing "Better Sex" in the listings.
In the UK at least, The Weakest Link became just Weakest Link after about a year on air. For some reason, although they removed the definite article from the show's logo, the chain link it was previously attached to remained, even though it was now redundant.
High-ranking Fae figures in Lost Girl have titles - not names - like this, such as The Ash and The Morrigan.
Not to mention The Slayer. Though starting with the second season, there were actually two or more Slayers due to supernatural Loophole Abuse). With the exception of the third season, the latter part of the seventh season, and the eighth season, any Slayers other than Buffy were usually Put on a Bus somewhere.
Kamen Rider Kabuto has Kamen Rider TheBee. Not a gag, an ego thing, or a title that takes the place of a name like the Doctor Who examples; it's just what he's called, perhaps because Kamen Rider Bee sounds kinda lame.
In one episode of The Tick, Tick is applying for a super hero license. When asked for his name, he says "Well, that would be The Tick." When the interviewer says she means his real name, he replies "Oh, well, that would be...The Tick."
Mocked on The Drew Carey Show where Kate is dating a wrestler called The Disciplinarian (played by Triple H), who the gang has hired to promote their beer during his wrestler promos.
Are you going to believe a guy whose first name is "The?"
Invoked in the "Some Say" boast of The Stig in 8.08 of Top Gear.
Some say that his first name really is "The"
The short-lived 1967 western Dundee and The Culhane. Yes, the co-title character went by The Culhane.
Averted in Firefly. An Alliance officer in the episode "Safe" calls Serenity, "the Serenity", and Inara is quick to correct him and that it's just Serenity. This is absolute Truth in Television: at least in the west, ship names are supposed to be treated as if it were a person's name.
U2's The Edge - but everyone calls him The Edge anyway.
A band-naming riff that plays with this trope was found in a number of L.A. bands in the mid-1960s, starting with Thee Midniters, who were followed by Thee Enchantments, Thee Montclairs, Thee Atlantics, etc. The "thee" trend was revived in the 1990s, with Thee Headcoats, Thee Hypnotics, etc.
In an episode of KYTV, a quiz host disqualifies a contestant in a "Name the Tune" contestant for identifying a song as Beatles' "Yellow Submarine", insisting that it is The Beatles' "Yellow Submarine".
Melvins are also a bit inconsistent - their album artwork and shirts usually render their name as just "Melvins", but on occasion it will be "The Melvins". And of course when they worked with Jello Biafra, the collaboration was billed as Jello Biafra And The Melvins, probably just because it sounded better. A slight Lampshade Hanging is done on the front cover of A Senile Animal, which features the text "(A) Senile Animal by (The) Melvins".
Insane Ian’s wife and sometimes-collaborator is known as "The Stacey".
Apparently, the dislike of this trope (Specifically having fans calling him "Mr. The Game") is why the rapper-formerly-known-as The Game is now known as Game. Also, you probably just lost it
For some reason, the front cover of Sonic Youth's Sister bills them as The Sonic Youth - not only did they never have a "the" in their name before or since, but they're also credited as just "Sonic Youth" elsewhere in the same album artwork.
The Professional Wrestling
WWE's "The Brian Kendrick". And he doesn't let you forget it.
The Rock's name was born from this, as his previous ring name was Rocky Maivia.
Former WWE / current TNA commentator Tazz was often jokingly referred to as "The Tazz", after a gaffe by Mike Adamle.
Tazz: I have nightmares when I hear "The Tazz."
The Austin Starr.
A great many luchadores' names begin with "El," which is Spanish for "The." This sometimes leads to instances of luchadores in fiction being referred to by others as just "El."
Exalted: Abyssal Exalts, traditionally 'sacrificing' their names and replacing them with titles, sometimes begin their new titles with The.
Being Exalts embodying death, destruction and decay, they also tend to be names you run away from. Given that titles have a tendency to be flowery, poetic, and overwrought, they make you wonder if they might be names someone ran away with... or at least got carried away with. None the less, 'the' seems used as a division between Name and Title in most of the game's parlance.
The prefixing of Japanese titles with a gratuitous "THE" in romaji is almost a trope of its own. Examples include practically every game in D3 Publisher's Simple series, and Hudson Soft's THE Kung Fu (known in English as China Warrior).
The Bishi Bashi series has a later installment called The Bishi Bashi.
A Vortigaunt in Half-Life 2 called Gordon Freeman "The Free Man". Other prominent characters are called "the Magnusson", "the Alyx Vance" and "the Eli Vance" but the main character's the only one whose nickname can stand on its own like that.
Although Freeman is also apparently known among various resistance groups as "The One Free Man", according to one of the Breencasts. Perhaps the nickname came from humans who thought the Vortigaunt way of referring to Freeman would sound cool, with the appropriate change in pronunciation.
Of course, the Rebels who call him that are entirely oblivious to the irony of the name, given Gordon's situation with the G-Man. It is entirely correct with the Combine, however, and the most 'free' person in the world must still choose his master - even if it is himself.
Actually part of the reason the Vortigaunts call him "The Free Man" is because they actually revere Gordon Freeman as a Messianic Archetype, as he freed them from generations of slavery in Half-Life. Thus, to the Vortigaunts, he is"The Free Man".
The members of the Cobra unit in Metal Gear Solid 3: The Pain, The Fear, The Fury, The End, and The Sorrow. In the case of The Boss, however, other characters tend to just call her "Boss" (forgoing the "The") when speaking to her; probably as a sign of respect. However, her original codename was "The Joy".
The Arbiter, Halo's second player character. In almost an inversion of The Cheat, some characters leave out the article entirely and treat Arbiter like a name.
This is because "Arbiter" is really more of a title than a name. It would be like referring to someone as "The Admiral" in the third person, and addressing them as "Admiral" when directly speaking to them.
New Vegas also has "The King", leader of theKings. The King of Kings, if you will.
According to early version images found in the instruction booklet, Pokémon Red and Bluealmost did this. Instead of "LASS wants to fight!", it would have instead said "The LASS wants to fight!". Considering how character names were handled at this point ("The BROCK wants to fight!", which actually shows up in the instruction booklet's page on Brock), it's easy to see why it was changed before the final release.
Pretty much everyone in Team Fortress 2 - the Pyro, the Medic, the Announcer. This only extends to in-game text and the like, as in-game lines and the comics have them refer to each other without any articles.
The Legacy DLC for Dragon Age II has the Carta searching for "The Hawke". This title actually is justified, in that the Carta aren't specifically referring to Hawke, but also their sibling, both of whom are they have been attempting to kidnap. Likewise, the title of "The Hawke" is occasionally used to refer to their father, Malcolm.
The protagonist is frequently referred to as "The Champion" during the third act.
Awakening, the expansion for the original Dragon Age, has lots of folks who spell their names with a The: "The Architect", "The Mother", "The Withered", "The Lost", "The First"...
The protagonist is referred to as either "The Warden", "The Hero of Ferelden" or "The Commander of the Grey".
Count the number of times Boyd refers to The Milkman in Psychonauts. Now count how many times he says "Milkman" alone. note Interestingly, the G-men will say "a Milkman" or something similar every now and then, even though they're part of Boyd's mind.]] [[Got Me Doing It Raz tends to use the 'The', too.
Xenoblade has the Bionis and the Mechonis, the two gods on whose corpses the game takes place.
Bladedancer's new roommate is The Crimson Comet!!!, complete with definite article and punctuation, apparently.
in Protectors of the Plot Continuum, most of the Flowers are known by "The" plus species name, including some of the Firstborn, who are the only Flowers with proper "names". There is also the Mysterious Somebody, though he did secretly have a proper name, being a clone of Joruus C'baoth.
As the Global Guardians PBEM Universe is a superhero setting, there were a ton of these: The Wonder, The Sculptor, The Warlock, The Bishop, and most especially the Blood Red King. El Buho (The Owl) is a Mexican example.
Steve and Larson of Ten FTW use 'The Twitters' and 'The Facebooks' and add it to years (e.g. 'The 08').
Subverted with The Peculiar Purple Pieman of Porcupine Peak in Strawberry Shortcake. While he is a villain who speaks of himself using his full name (and following up with his song and dance), he couldn't care less that everyone else calls him by shorter versions of his name.
Played with in The Venture Bros.. The Monarch tells Hank that he is listed in the Guild of Calamitous Intent's books under M, for Monarch. Or possibly T, for The Monarch. This also applies to his wife, nee Dr. Girlfriend, later known as Dr. Mrs. The Monarch.
Cars has a character named The King, who Lightning McQueen refers to directly as 'Mister The King'.
Which leads to Mater addressing his wife as "Mrs. The King".
Though he frequently gets called Tramp, mostly by the people closest to him (like Lady).
The Batman, from his own show. Oddly, the The is dropped for most of the characters that have it in the comics (i.e. it's now just Joker and Penguin), and even Batman himself isn't always referred to this way.
In Futurama, when Dr. Zoidberg got his mind swapped with Fry and is confronted with the Robo-Hungarian emperor in a wash bucket's body claiming to be Bender, he exclaims, "Bender, old pal! It's me, the Fry!"
And in the Ultimate Robot Fighting episode, Bender's fembot companions address him as "Mr. The Offender," matching his stage persona as "Bender the Offender".
Can also extend to inanimate objects and/or ideas. Ask the more pretentious alumni of The Ohio State University.
The University of York (in the UK) is very particular about its name, because York University is in Canada.
Two for one: "The Citadel, the Military College of South Carolina" is the official name of that school in Charleston.
Of course, then there's The U. (Most state schools will refer to themselves as this, so if you're telling someone outside your state what college you went to and say The U, they'll have a totally different school in mind. Or they might not have a clue at all—for example, none of Kentucky's universities is ever locally referred to as "The U".)
The players who played at the University of Miami introduce themselves as being from "The U" during the opening of Sunday Night Football broadcasts on NBC. This is because of the "U" logo on the side of the school's football helmets. Football fans generally understand this but it might confuse those who are just casual fans.
The University of Utah has extra justification for being called The U, but also goes by The U of U.
The Evergreen State College in Olympia, Washington.
The Lincoln University in Pennsylvania added the The to its name in 2013 to distinguish itself from other universities with Lincoln in their names.
Some American Indian names are given in this way, such as the early 19th century Cherokee war leader The Ridge.
According to Martin Brodeur's autobiography, legendary ice hockey bust Alexandre Daigle likes to be called "The Daigle".
Like the T-shirt says, "I'm not A bitch, I'm THE bitch!"
There are several countries like this, including The Gambia, the Sudan, the Philippines, the United States, the UK, and just about any country that starts with "The Republic" or similar. Also, many geographic regions are like this too, especially places that used to be the (former). In some cases, the name doesn't make much sense without the definite article (e.g. the Philippines, the US, the UK, the Czech Republic), while some seem to just have it there (I'm looking at you, Sudan and Gambia...)
Some countries take a definite article in Arabic. These are not always the same ones that take a definite article in English. Iraq, for example, is literally "The Iraq." This is also the reason (the) Sudan takes the definite article: in Arabic (the language of most Sudanese), it's Al-Suudaan, "The Sudan", with "Sudan" meaning "Land of the Blacks" (since the Sudanese are for the most part Black).
And it's not just Arab countries that get this weirdness: Austria is Al-Nimsaa ("Al" being "the", and "Nimsaa" from Niemcy, a common Slavic name for German-speakers; it probably came from South Slavic via Turkish), and Argentina, which is Al-Arjentiin.
The same happens in some Spanish dialects, like Argentinian and Peruvian Spanish: Some countries are named with the Spanish article El (The) as Argentina (La Argentina), Peru (El Peru), Japan (El Japon), Canada (El Canada), etc. On the other hand, other dialects, like the Mexican one, avoid this like a plague, since it's considered outdated speech. The only exception to this rule is India (La India), albeit it's starting to fall into disuse in some circles.
And subverting this: despite being The Ukraine in the popular mind, the country is merely "Ukraine," due to 19th century translations ("Ukrayina" derives from a term for "Borderland"). While the Ukrainian language had no articles, the Ukrainian translators just assumed you were supposed to put one in English. "The" has been falling out of usage as of late, with "Ukraine" gaining popularity.
Old colonial names for different countries often had this, as they were often seen as regions that were expanded into rather than sovereign states: "The Canadas", "The Belgian (or French) Congo", etc. Sometimes, different English-speaking countries will use these names (i.e. Argentina vs. The Argentine). As well, names like "The Americas", "The Koreas", and so forth exist when there's more than one of a country or continent, and they're both/all being referenced at once.
The painter Doménikos Theotokópoulos was known as El Greco: an archaic Spanish word for "the Greek" (he worked in Spain).
Bill Murray tells a story about calling to accept an invitation for a pro-am golf tournament, and being asked "Are you THE Bill Murray?" and replying "Well, I'm A Bill Murray." When he shows up without his packet and badge and the guard won't let him in, he talks the guard into calling the director to tell her that Bill Murray's at the gate, and she shoots back "Is it A Bill Murray?"
Using this trope for first names is not uncommon, cross-linguistically.
It's canon in Modern Greek, among many other languages. Ancient Greek also could use an article with a name, especially if the named was famous ('the Socrates').
Italian is somewhat weird about first names, the article before is considered canon only for female first names. While the construction is identical (and it is often used informally) it's considered a grammatical error to use it before male names.
In the informal Spanish of various countries, people are often referred to with the definite article — "El Manuel fue a la tienda" ("The Manuel went to the store") is a perfectly valid sentence, albeit technically incorrect grammatically.
It's the same in Portuguese: "O Manuel foi à loja". Also while people use to call their parents mom and dad in english it's usual to call them "O pai" ou "A mãe" (the father, the mother). Like in "O pai perguntou que horas você chega em casa" (The father asked what time you'll get home".
Spoken non-formal German (varying a bit by region) often uses the definitive article together with names (first, family, and full): "die Marie", "der/die [Herr/Frau] Schmidt", "die Marie Schmidt". It's also common as 'standard usage' in various German dialects (sometimes with added inversion of family and first name). Additionally the article can be used with famous people.
"Le / La + first name" also works in French, though it's not considered "standard".
Similarly, "Le / La + surname or nickname" is sometimes seen as a sobriquet for a notable person. This applies not only to French but other European languages; for example, Italian actress Gina Lollobrigida was sometimes nicknamed "La Lollo".
In Hungarian, using "a", the equivalent of "the", before names ("a Tibor, a Klára") was originally considered rude, but lately it seems to be becoming prevalent in all but the most formal of situations.
This is a rule in Catalan, except for some western dialects. For example "La Maria va anar a la botiga ahir" (The Maria went to the store yesterday) not just "Maria". There is even a special subset of "personal articles" en, na and n' for names, used especially frequently in the Balearic dialects.
In fact, the cross-linguistic frequency of occurrence, combined with the fact that nouns have to have determiners in most formal models of syntax, and the fact that we can use an explicit determiner in rare cases in English (e.g. "The James who I met at the party yesterday must have been the same James you met last weekend."; also, the humor in the Bill Murray quote depends on knowledge of the pragmatics of usage of the explicit determiner), has led linguists to posit a special "before-proper-nouns null determiner". In other words, everyone is using an equivalent of the word "the" before proper nouns; it's just that the pronunciation of it is nothing at all.
El Cid (a Spanish term with an Arabic etymology) is almost always called El Cid or the Cid.
Bonus Point: Cid is Spanish term for Arabic "Sayid", which means a noble man: a Master. So El Cid means The Master.
The WB Television Network, and its successor The CW. Most affiliates leave "The" out of their local branding.
The Donway is a road in Toronto, Ontario whose numerical addresses all have the "The" at the front of "Donway". The address of Don Mills Collegiate Institute, for example, is 15 The Donway East.
Similarly The Queensway. The address of St. Joseph's is 30 The Queensway.
One historic street in Richmond, Virginia is known locally as "the Boulevard", although its street signs read only "Boulevard".
Diseases on the east coast of Canada often get this nomenclature, as in: "Oh, she's down with a right case of the pneumonia, she is."
When things that are famous throughout the world are named in untranslated Spanish the Spanish equivalent to "the", "el" for male nouns and "la" for female nouns, is made part of the name for mistake, in that way what shall be "the niño current" is known as "the el niño current" despite being known in Spanish as "La corriente del niño."
Similar things occur in other languages too, for instance in French you have "la France", "Le Havre", "Le Mans", "les Halles" and "les Gobelins" (neighborhoods in Paris), "les Pays-Bas" (the Netherlands) and "les Cornouailles" (Cornwall). Not that these articles are treated like normal articles, so "I come from Le Havre" is "Je viens du Havre".
Speaking of les Pays-Bas, in Dutch you also find a number of persons and places which feature definite articles, such as "De" (e. g. in the surname De Jong) or "Het" (as in the palace Het Loo), the latter occasionally shortened to "'t". Sometimes the article will be inflected in ways that have fallen from use outside the field of name, e. g. to "Den" as in Den Haag (The Hague) or Den Bosch. Occasionally you even see the article as a genitive, reduced to a little "'s", as in the full names of the last two cities, 's Gravenhage ("the Count's Wood", implying either a hedge or an enclosed land preserve) and 's Hertogenbosch ("the Duke's Forest").
Holders of UK peerage titles are strictly The Lord Loveaduck or The Lady Day, to distinguish them from non-peers who might have those titles; e.g. the younger sons of a Marquis (Lord Sebastian Flyte) or the wife of a Knight (Lady Elspeth Flashman.)
Similarly, but oddly different at the same time, a baroness can refer to herself as The Baroness (name) if she earned her title under her own merit.
Clothing retailer Gap used to be "The Gap", but officially dropped "The" in 1986.
The chief of a Scots clan will usually refer to himself or herself in this way: the chief of Clan MacFarlane, for instance, is "the MacFarlane". (If a chieftainship descends to someone who doesn't have that clan name as their surname - say, to the child of a woman who married outside the clan - the new chief is expected to change his or her surname to match.)
Similarly, the eldest male in an Irish family will sometimes be called "The X". So the patriarch of a family called Egan might be called "The Egan."
Presumably to show its specialness in relation to the other planets, Earth is often called The Earth, whereas you rarely if ever hear a native English speaker use the phrase "The Mars". Similarly, The Sun and The Moon - to distinguish them from every other sun and moon out there.
Alan Davies on QI: "But it has got one moon! It's called the Moon!"
George W. Bush inspired mockery when he claimed to use "the Google."
Before Toronto's multipurpose indoor stadium was renamed Rogers Centre, its management inverted this trope by insisting that you not call the building "The SkyDome". You were to refer to it as "SkyDome". One hopes Bret Hart (above) never mentioned SkyDome back in the day.
A similar inversion applies to the London art gallery known to almost everyone as "The Tate Gallery". In 2000 it was renamed "Tate Britain", to distinguish it from the new "Tate Modern", and they had a campaign to encourage taxi drivers to correct anyone who asked to go to "the Tate".
One of the five boroughs of New York City, the Bronx.
A common Verbal Tic in northeastern France is to refer to people as "the [name]". It pretty much marks the speaker as a backwoods hick.
A street in San Jose, California is officially named "The Alameda".
On the West Coast of the US, it is not uncommon for people to precede highway numbers with "The", e.g. "The 405" instead of just "405".
Both exemplified and inverted by the Christian Science Church, officially the "Church of Christ, Scientist". The main church of the movement in Boston, often called by Christian Scientists "The Mother Church", is officially The First Church of Christ, Scientist. According to the movement's governing document, all other churches in the movement—which are legally branches of The Mother Church—are specifically prohibited from using "The" in front of their names.
Inverted by The Home Depot. In Quebec, they omit "The" from their name so that it can be more cross-compatible with Québécois French.
The Woodlands, Texas.
Most people insert "the" in front of ship names, thus we have the Enterprise or the Intrepid. However at least in the west, a ship name is supposed to be referred to as if it were a person's. Therefore it's actually grammatically correct to avert this trope (see the Firefly example above).
An exception are the two American destroyers, USS The Sullivans (DD-537 which fought during World War II, and the later DDG-68), in which the name actually is spelled with a "the" (the ships are named for the five Sullivan brothers killed during the sinking of USS Juneau).