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The Ophelia
The Trope Namer herself, by Pascal Dagnan-Bouveret

"Thought and affliction, passion, hell itself,
She turns to favour and to prettiness."
Laertes, Hamlet

In Real Life mental illness is rarely pretty but in fiction, there's just something about a lovely young woman, often with long, disheveled hair, running around babbling lyrically about the strange visions flashing through her deranged mind, singing creepy little rhymes, scattering flowers and occasionally bashing people's heads in.

Maybe this particular cutie was just broken particularly hard, maybe it was an illness or maybe she was born that way, but the result is the same, a tragically beautiful, ethereal waif who's mad as a box of frogs. Her beauty is an important point here, underlining her fragility and the sadness of her fate. She usually talks in riddles and rhymes, can be sad or joyfully happy (or switch between these states). Her mind may be so far gone that she's likely to murder people, but she'll always have clear skin while doing it. Sometimes, too, she has important knowledge the sane may lack, in which case she'll often have terrible trouble getting anyone to listen (a classical example of Mad Oracle). The original Cassandra from The Iliad was often depicted as a bit of an Ophelia.

It's difficult to pin down the appeal of this trope. Perhaps a strange young maiden communing with nature harkens back to earlier figures like nymphs or pagan witches. Perhaps there is an underlying Fetish Fuel at the thought that a crazy girl might be crazy amazing in the sack. Or perhaps there's something endearing to men about cradling a girl in your arms and protecting her from the demons in her own head.

There's often a surprisingly artistic bent to The Ophelia's madness; she may sing, dance wildly, or try to paint her delusions. She is often tied to nature (including walking around barefoot, wearing flowers, etc.), particularly water, probably as a nod to the original Ophelia (in William Shakespeare's Hamlet) who winds flowers in her hair before drowning herself. That last bit can overlap with Instant Oracle, Just Add Water if she's also a Waif Prophet and/or a Mad Oracle.

The Victorians fell crazy (so to speak) in love with this trope and Ophelias in the form of wronged maidens and deranged brides go pirouetting and flower-strewing through art, poetry and literature of the period while the "mad scene" for the soprano heroine became a staple of opera. Insanity was linked to female sexuality and desire for independence. (Not coincidentally, the vibrator was invented in this same period as a treatment for hysteria in women.) In fact, psychiatrists at that time used to encourage female patients in madhouses — especially if they were youthful and pretty — to dress the part and carry sheaves of flowers.

If a male character is shown the same way, odds are good he's very feminine and delicate-looking anyway.

Compare/contrast with Nightmare Fuel Station Attendant, Cloudcuckoolander, Fainting Seer, Axe Crazy, Mysterious Waif, Waif Prophet, Hysterical Woman. For the (usually) "harmlessly kooky" variant see Manic Pixie Dream Girl and Perky Goth.


Examples

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    Anime and Manga 
  • Ophelia (duh) from Claymore, who became obsessed with getting revenge on her brother's murderer (Priscilla). Her polite exterior disappears real fast when people interrupt her.. fun. Her death scene after turning into a snake-like awakened being naturally occurred in a lake with her usually-braided hair flowing freely around her.
  • Again, Ophelia (duh), from Romeo X Juliet; a fantastically batshit crazy Half-Human Hybrid priestess to a dying tree-god.
  • Quon Kisaragi from RahXephon is this and/or an extreme Cloud Cuckoo Lander.
  • The Ergo Proxy episode named "Ophelia" (duh) contains liberal amounts of symbolism referencing the titular Shakespearian character. This includes the lead female character's doppelganger floating in a lake and pulling the famous pose.
  • Sunako in The Wallflower when she's out of her chibi form. She's creepy but still downright gorgeous. Because she is often acting truly dhsieveld and insane, she might be closer to a Deconstruction
  • Kotori Monou became one in X1999, after seeing her mother Saya die as a little girl. She apparently recovered her mind, but some years later she turned into one full-time when seeing Kamui's aunt Tokiko die in the same way, and spends some time carting around the poor woman's severed head. And then soon after, she dies! And at the hands of her Face Heel Turned older brother! The poor girl can't catch a break...
    • Subverted in the Tv series. Kotori does shows some signs of this trope when Tokiko dies, but unlike in the manga she falls in a coma. Her subconscious is still active and sorta stable, however, and she begins to use her Dream Weaver powers instead of going crazy.
    • A darker version is Seishirou's mother Setsuka, the previous Sakurazukamori. In the CD dramas she often spoke about things that looked like nonsense, then counteracted with something quite unsettling and did so with a smile.
      SETSUKA (has an ikebana arrangement): Camellias. Red camellias.
      SEISHIROU: Your favorite flower.
      SETSUKA: I love it. I love camellias best when they fall (gets a dreamy look) It falls on the ground.... plop, like a human head. I love it.
  • Dilandau from The Vision of Escaflowne eventually dissolves into a male version of this as his mental stability shatters from a variety of influences. Given that he started the series as an Axe Crazy Psycho for Hire, that's saying quite a lot. And then you find out that he actually started out as a girl.
  • Charlotte from Rose of Versailles, after she cracks from the pressure on her and right before she commits suicide.
  • Casca from Berserk becomes a nearly mute version of this after she goes mad from the horrible trauma she suffered during the Eclipse.
  • Full Metal Panic!. Kaname acts like this during her Whispered moments, including hallucinations and self-inflicted Clothing Damage.
  • Nina Fortner from Monster, when we first meet her. Overlaps with Creepy Child.
  • Kagami Mikage's mother in Ayashi no Ceres. Kagami himself is a cruel Magnificent Bastard, but his interaction with his mom is pretty much the only Pet the Dog side we see of him.
  • Diva from Blood+, who also happens to be the Big Bad.
  • Princess Emeraude in the Magic Knight Rayearth OVA's.
  • Asuka's mother Kyouko in Neon Genesis Evangelion, after piloting EVA 02 and having a part of her soul sucked into it. Asuka herself touches on this trope after she suffers the Trope Namer for Mind Rape.
  • Tomoe Yukishiro from Rurouni Kenshin has a fit of this after her fiance Akira Kiyosato is murdered. The first time she meets Kenshin, she's drunk and her only reaction to getting splattered by the blood of someone Kenshin just eviscerated is to say that he made it rain blood. She then promptly faints.
  • Rin Sohma, Ren Sohma, Akito Sohma, and Machi Kuragi from Fruits Basket have moments like this.
  • Momo Hinamori from Bleach, when at her lowest point. She sorta begins to get better with time.
  • Queen Skyla from Sky Dancers.
  • Gundam Seed Destiny's Stella Loussier blissfully dances her way through her first scene of the series... And, minutes later, shanks her way through the second. It only goes downhill from there.
  • Cordelia Glauca from Tantei Opera Milky Holmes is a humorous take of this trope, complete with flowers. Which unexplainably appears on her hair.
  • An Ax-Crazy and openly villainous version is Crimson Miroku from the Sakura Wars TV series. After Sumire kills her and Satan Aoi brings her Back from the Dead, she appears in front of the main cast with her clothes loose, her long hair down, and only being able to speak a Madness Mantra: " Sumire, Sumire... I want your life... I'll take your life..."
  • Rei Asaka from Oniisama e... has her moments as this, and specially when she's drugged.
  • In the 2003 anime version of Fullmetal Alchemist, Rose Thomas is either drugged or hypnotized by the Big Bad Dante. In addition to the other terrible events that traumatized her, this makes the poor woman nearly catatonic, vacant, and either completely still or dancing. But she gets better.
  • Misaki from Loveless is arguably a very dark version.
  • At least four of these appear in Detective Conan:
    • Ran Mouri spends a good part of the fourth movie, Captured in her eyes, as one of these due to a bad case of Trauma-Induced Amnesia.
    • Also, a young woman mentioned in the backstory of the Detectives Koshien arc. More exactly: she was a mentally and emotionally unstable socialite who committed suicide via hanging herself in a room of her Big Fancy House (nicknamed "the Lavender mansion") in an island near Fukuoka. The "young mistress"'s death was wrongfully catalogued as a murder, however, and the main suspect was her young maid, Kana Mizoguchi. Poor Kana also was Driven to Suicide, having jumped off a cliff and into the sea after she couldn't prove her innocence.
    • In the Kimono Goddess case, we actually get introduced to the episode via a scene in which a beautiful, sad-looking Ophelia throws herself off a building in front of everyone in her women's college. Her name was Sakurako Suzuka, and she ended up that way after being framed for drug trade by two cruel Alpha Bitches, Ema Anzai and Asuka Shibazaki, who already hated her for being a Wide-Eyed Idealist. Five years later, Ema and Asuka would become the case's Asshole Victims at the hands of Eri, Sakurako's estranged older sister.
    • Maya Tachibana from the Beautiful Amnesiac Woman case, who has lost her memories due to injuries and acts like a textbook case. Then it's subverted: she's a Dark Action Girl who was hired to kill Kogoro by a dude that got tossed into jail and then escaped, and while her memory loss was genuine at first, she recovered her memories around halfway the episode and then pretended to still be amnesiac so she could corner Kogoro and murder him. Conan barely manages to save Kogoro and then capture her.
  • The unsettling fate of Mie Iwamoto from Shigurui after a particularly traumatizing incident. Eventually she recovers, but is still deeply disturbed.
  • Kamille Bidan becomes a very Rare Male Example in Gundam ZZ. Understandable: he is barely recovering from having been Mind Raped into insanity by Scirocco. And once he reappears in the series, the Colony Drop on Dublin and Hayato's death in battle take place...
  • Death Note: Misa Amane. Beautiful? check. Insane? check. Puts on pretty dresses and murders people? Definitely.
  • Sakura Gari features the young and pretty maid from the Saiki household who becomes this after surviving Sakurako's torture/murder of Souma's lovers, but losing the baby of Souma's that she was pregnant with. We meet the girl shortly after Souma attempts to kill himself; she looks pretty but frail and pale in her dark kimono, and attempts to speak to the Saikis and then to Masataka to learn what's going on — but then she catches a glimpse of Sakurako herself and has a massive meltdown, screaming for a " white-haired demon" that is around the gardens, so the policemen have to calm her down. Considering that she was tied up in Unwilling Suspension manner, gagged, savagely beaten and then photographed while half-naked and still Bound and Gagged, she can't be blamed.
  • From the manga-only Onisarashi-Hen (Demon Exposing Arc) in Higurashi no Naku Koro ni, Natsumi Kimiyoshi becomes this in the story's epilogue. After failed attempts at living with relatives, later living with Akira Toudou, who married her so she would be able to drop her maiden name and move past her murdering her grandmother and parents, she's consigned to a psychiatric hospital. Though she seems to be doing better, she's actually aware of her crimes, even though Akira is shouldering her guilt for her. By contrast, she was more of a tragic Ophelia with her relatives than after she was moved to the hospital, where she was more of a Madwoman in the Attic.
  • Puella Magi Madoka Magica: PSP-game only. Kyouko Sakura's witch form is known as Ophelia, and it integrates the mythology of Ophelia into its motifs.
  • Several of Junji Ito's characters, particularly the one who killed people and sewed their corpses together. And she was the protagonist's girlfriend too!
  • Manji's older sister in Blade of the Immortal. When Manji kills her husband without knowing who he is, she crosses the Despair Event Horizon and reverts to a child-like stage. She remains like that until she's murdered in front of her younger brother.
  • At his most vulnerable, Clair Leonelli from Heat Guy J can seem like a male version of this trope.

    Art 
  • "Crazy Jane" by Richard Dadd fits this trope to the T. So much so that she was inspiration for the character's name in Grant Morrison's Doom Patrol (While that other Crazy Jane does NOT fit this trope).
  • The Symbolist movement of the 1890s was fond of Ophelia as a subject.

    Fanfic 
  • Bleach's Ichigo gets this treatment in Like Clockwork: A Steampunk Tale. Considering that he is just as Badass powerful as in canon...
  • In the Pony POV Series, Diamond Tiara's mother Golden Tiara - a.k.a. "Screwball" - is like this, a former Blithe Spirit whose mind broke years ago under the pressure of cutthroat high society. However, we later learn that there's a lot more to her...
  • Syaoran in "Shattered Secrets" is a male example of this trope - and lacks most characteristics of a Bishounen, to boot.
  • Feferi from Hemostuck. A very beautiful seadweller who spends her days singing to herself, swimming, and having a somewhat tenuous grasp on reality.

    Comic Books 
  • Delirium from The Sandman is sometimes portrayed this way.
    [Some] say that Delirium has no tragedy, but here they speak without reflection. For Delirium was once Delight. And although that was long ago now, even today her eyes are badly matched: one eye is a vivid emerald green, spattered with silver flecks that move. The other eye is vein blue. Who knows what Delirium sees, through her mismatched eyes?
  • Ginny, the post-traumatic fairy in Aria. Her cousin Kildare, the protagonist, refers to her as "beautiful and damaged" (or some permutation).
  • Subverted in the Yoko Tsuno story "The Prey and the Shadow". Everyone thinks that Cecilia, the local Non Royal Princess, is one of these after the death of her mother Mary... but she's actually sane, just extremely sheltered, and it's her Evil Uncle who makes everyone think otherwise so he can set her up for an "accidental" death.
    • Subverted again in The Devil's Organ, where Ingrid is introduced as one but it's just temporary since she was not only depressed by her father's death, but she was drugged by someone else. After an incident where she was thrown into the Rhin but Yoko saved her, she mostly recovers.
  • Alice, the first major villain in Batwoman, has many hallmarks of an Ophelia, dressing in bizarre Victorian-esque clothes, speaking almost entirely in quotes from Alice in Wonderland, carrying a poisoned razor blade in her mouth and frequently having her makeup run down her face. She also turns out to be Beth, Kate's long-lost twin sister, and there's a heavy implication that she underwent serious Mind Rape after she was captured in the shootout that killed their mother when they were 12. And the icing on the cake is that she drowns in the river and essentially commits suicide.

    Film 
  • Andy of The Goonies flips her shit and begins babbling nonsense about "having a beautiful body" shortly before the group encounters the corpse of Chester Copperpot... which doesn't help the situation.
  • In A Dangerous Method Sabina Spielrin is portrayed like this.
  • Brittany Murphy's character in Don't Say A Word and in Girl, Interrupted
  • Rachel Weisz plays twin sisters in Constantine, one of whom is a sort of peripheral Ophelia - confined to a mental hospital, she commits suicide by leaping from a building, plunging through a roof and into a swimming pool (a cross-shaped one to boot) where, naturally, she can float all flowing-haired and dead. The other twin begins to manifest aspects of the trope - visions and immersion in water - without actually losing her mind.
  • Crazy Cora in Quigley Down Under goes between this and being more or less sane. She has very long hair which is sometimes down and tangled, though no flowers or water motif as it takes place in the Australian Outback.
  • Kirsten Dunst's character Justine in Melancholia could be a variation of this trope. She has few of the above mentioned traits, but a certain aesthetic scene in the movie is a clear reference to her. Justine is also mentally ill, but this is portrayed in a much more realistic and thus even more heartbreaking way.
  • Lucy Barker from Sweeney Todd: The Demon Barber of Fleet Street after her attempt at suicide, brought on by being raped and having her daughter taken away.
  • The Italian film The Best of Youth centers around the lives of two brothers. A pivotal moment at the beginning of the film that ultimately influences their life choices is when the brothers meet Giorgia, a mental patient who has been subjected to electrotherapy. One of the brothers, Nikola, comments that they were both kind of in love with Giorgia at the time.
  • Gina, Tony Montana's sister, in her last scene in Scarface. Tony has been playing Knight Templar Big Brother to her throughout the movie, having a violently territorial reaction every time her virginity is the least bit endangered, to the point of being a Yandere. This culminates with him discovering her post-sex with Manny Ribera (his best friend) and shooting him dead right in front of her, only for her to tearfully reveal that they'd gotten married the previous day. At his mansion that night, amidst the attack by Alejandro Sosa's men, she appears semi-nude and drugged out, telling him he can have her now since he clearly wants her for himself, all the while shooting at him with a revolver. One of the attackers kills her; Tony kills him in turn and then basically loses his mind over her body. Of course, he's the one who has the swimming pool death. (Incidentally, Incest Subtext is a somewhat popular reading of Laertes's overprotective attitude toward the original Ophelia.)
  • The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari is framed as the story of how Jane was driven this particular shade of crazy.
  • The titular character of Agnes Of God fits this trope to a tee. Agnes is rather childlike and naďve, and she also constantly speaks of random things that make sense only after being pieced together. It is unclear whether she was born mentally challenged; she says she was "dropped on her head" as a baby. The local doctor, Martha, is never sure whether Agnes is really mentally challenged or it's a result of her mother's virtually imprisoning her for years.
  • Ofelia of Pan's Labyrinth. Maybe...
  • Mal in Film/Inception. She was driven mad after being unable to tell between dreaming and reality, causing her to kill herself.

    Literature 
  • The Woman in White by Wilkie Collins has not one but two Ophelias, Anne Catherick, the titular woman in white, and her near-doppelganger, (and secret half-sister) Laura Fairlie. Both are sane (although seemingly at least a bit odd in Anne's case) when confined, in turn, to an insane asylum by the villain in a Batman Gambit involving substituting one for the other, but both are driven mad by their incarceration there.
  • Catherine of Wuthering Heights has attacks of this towards the end.
  • Jeanne from Charles Baxter's Shadow Play could have had a touch of this in her young years: she was apparently rather pretty, but lived in her own universe. When she got older, she turned into a Cloudcuckoolander.
  • In The Lady of the Lake by Sir Walter Scott, a bride carried off and raped on her wedding day wanders the highlands decked with flowers and singing.
  • While still a child, Jane Austen parodied the hell out of this in her spoof romance Love and Freindship (sic). When the husbands of the two heroines suddenly die in front of them, they each exhibit the standard Gothic romance reactions — one swoons, while the other has a fit of madness. This proves the healthier choice, as lying unconscious for two hours on the wet grass gives the other girl a cold that ultimately kills her, and she dies exhorting her friend "Beware of swoons, dear Laura. . . . A frenzy fit is not one quarter so pernicious; it is an exercise to the Body and if not too violent, is I dare say conducive to Health in its consequences—Run mad as often as you chuse; but do not faint."
  • Fuchsia Groan in Gormenghast. Unusually, she's rather more like this earlier on, with the dark events of the plot giving her a more conventionally depressed outlook. She does ultimately drown herself, although it's unclear how deliberate it was.
  • Subverted with Elfine in Cold Comfort Farm by Stella Gibbons — Elfine runs around in a green cloak "like a Pharisee of the woods" (i.e., a faerie), making cryptic remarks, until the main character, Flora, gives her a makeover and sets her up with a cute guy. Then she's normal.
  • In the YA novel Black Jack by Leon Garfield, the hero finds himself falling in love with Belle, a fragile young girl who's first encountered in a wood, having a vision of "A white tower with a shining top." She's been swinging between gentle strangeness and violent hysteria since an illness in childhood. Much of the drama turns on whether her madness is the result of an illness exacerbated by neglect and isolation (in which case it's assumed to be curable) or hereditary (in which case it's not).
  • Margaret Atwood has an interest in the trope and deconstructs it in The Blind Assassin. The narrator's sister, Laura, is a beautiful, intensely spiritual young woman given to loopy statements, odd activities like painting "the colour of people's souls" onto old photographs and falling/jumping into rivers. She seems incapable of fending for herself and is revealed on the first page to have driven a car off a bridge, killing herself, at the age of twenty-five. However it later appears that it's only in the arid context of pre-war upper class society that she can't function, and there are people who have a vested interest in discrediting her insights as mere insane babble.
    • Charis in The Robber Bride has also exhibited symptoms of this, the more so during her university days. Arguments can be constructed on both sides of the crazy/not crazy spectrum.
  • The Warlord Chronicles takes a moment out of deconstructing the King Arthur mythos and pulling it into The Dung Ages to deconstruct this trope in the person of Olwen the Silver, an insane Cloudcuckoolander first used by Merlin, (her etheral beauty, a little paint and special effects convinced people that she was a spirit and Merlin was summoning the old gods back to Britain) and later by Merlin's Knight Templar former pupil Nimue.
  • In Mary Jo Putney's ''The Wild Child', the titular heroine appears to be mutely insane or at least mentally handicapped, but in the pretty, well-groomed way. However it turns out she's just really stubborn and unsocial.
  • In Harry Potter Ariana Dumbledore, minus the Talkative Loon part.
    • Luna Lovegood has shades of this, more-so in the movies.
    • There's also Frank and Alice Longbottom, who were driven mad after being tortured with the cruciatus curse for too long.
  • Jonathan Strange & Mr Norrell: Lady Pole looks like an Ophelia to the casual observer. In fact, she's under an enchantment that forces her to spend every night dancing to exhaustion in Faerie and causes her to speak nonsense whenever she tries to tell anyone about it.
    • Adding to it, once one of her friends is taken away to Faerie to join the dances she attempts revenge on the man responsible with a pistol, though she fails.
  • Odiana in Codex Alera is something like this trope... as well as most of the others listed under "compare/contrast". She's also an Unhappy Medium, a powerful empath driven completely nuts by slavery, gang-rape, and brainwashing. She's gorgeous, cheerfully open about her own insanity, and way out there.
  • Sorcha, The High Queen of faerie in Wicked Lovely seemed to become one temporarily in the fourth book, due to missing her son, Seth.
    • Her twin sister, Bananach is a murderous and mercilessly cruel version of this trope. In the Blood?
      • Well, Devlin and Seth seem fine. Although they are male.
  • In the Doctor Who Eighth Doctor Adventures novel The Blue Angel, the Doctor is basically like this. Since he's the Eighth Doctornote , the prettiness and long, unkempt hair are a given, and he's rather sickly and delicate, he wanders barefoot through his garden (in the snow, even!), and either all of Doctor Who is actually just his psychotic delusions, or he's a Waif Prophet Dreaming The Truth. And, like Ophelia, he's pregnant. Sort of.
  • From The Hunger Games: Katniss near the end of the third book, after killing Coin. Annie fulfills this trope much more consistently, being unstable at the best of times. She even has the water motif (she's from the seaside District 4 and won the Hunger Games when she was young by swimming through her flooded arena while the other tributes drowned).
  • In Patrick Rothfuss's The Kingkiller Chronicle, the supporting character Auri is a shy young woman who lives underneath The University, hiding from almost everyone. She makes grave but completely nonsensical statements and presumably was driven mad by the University's demand on her mental faculties.
  • Eponine from Les Misérables is actually compared to the Trope Namer.
  • In Dragonlance Raistlin and Caramon's mother is written as never having been quite sane and likely driven mad by her latent magic. She's described as being ethereal, beautiful and will often talk to people who aren't there or randomly start dancing. Eventually she slipped into an episode that killed her when she couldn't be woken up.
  • Isabelle Angelfield in The Thirteenth Tale. Highlighted and foreshadowed by an incident where she falls into a lake at a picnic.
  • Lee Smith's epistolary novel Fair and Tender Ladies features the narrator's sister Silvaney, who is depicted as ''odd' (possibly retarded or mentally ill) and is eventually institutionalized and lobotomized. Prior to that, however, she runs around singing and laughing, and is mostly let alone by her family. This trope was especially prominent in the musical version produced by the Alabama Shakespeare Festival.
  • In Alethea Kontis's Enchanted, "full of woe" Wednesday is dreamy and poetical and ends up leaving human lands for the fairy at the end.
  • Susie becomes this in the second half of Repeat It Today With Tears by Anne Peile; although she chops off her Rapunzel Hair after being committed to a psychiatric hospital.
  • Two gender inversions of this occur in Doctrine of Labyrinths by Sarah Monette. In Melusine, wizard and former prostitute Felix Harrowgate goes mad from Mind Rape and wanders around saying things that people either don't understand or don't believe, sometimes to their peril. Vincent Demabrien, a boyhood acquaintance whom Felix meets again in The Mirador, is both a gender inversion and a subversion, as his affinity for ghosts makes him seem insane, but he really isn't. Interestingly, both characters are pretty boys described as delicate and beautiful.
  • Vibeke in Scott G. F. Bailey's The Astrologer is a full-blown Expy for Ophelia, as the novel is a Shout-Out to Hamlet. Unlike the original, though, she's having a secret relationship with the King, who has impregnated her, and she commits suicide by burning herself alive atop her father's corpse.
  • Felix's Missing Mom in the Chilean novel Golondrina de Invierno (Winter Sparrow). He son describes her as gentle, sweet and a bit sad, and after her death he learns that she spent months in an institution when Felix himself was very young; the discovery causes him to fall in a brief Drowning My Sorrows state, as he believes he has inherited her mental unstability. And he's right: later in the book he mentally collapses and becomes a Rare Male Example, but he ultimately manages to get better.
  • Nerissa from The Underland Chronicles, with a side order of Waif Prophet and Blessed with Suck to boot.

    Live Action TV 
  • Joss Whedon loves his gibbering brunette Ophelias.
    • There's River Tam from Firefly, who is also a Cassandra of course, but her lyrical madness fits the trope to the letter, and Ophelia's River is even there in her name. She has a faithful Laertes in Simon.
    • Drusilla from Buffy the Vampire Slayer. "Do you like daisies? Hmm? I plant them, but they always die. Everything I put in the ground withers and dies." She was driven mad by being terrorized by Angelus.
    • In Angel, Fred recovers relatively quickly, but gets in a fair amount of babbling and scribbling on the walls first. "You're not real! Or I'm not real. Somebody here isn't real and I suspect it's you..." She was stuck in a demon dimension where humans were treated like cattle for five years and, after escaping her captors, stayed in a cave by herself for months until the team ended up in the dimension and saved her.
    • Glory's sanity stealing powers provided an entire season of these at the ready.
    • Most notably, Tara.
    • The ensouled Spike has his own moments of Male Ophelia Syndrome. This is my place! You need permission to be here! You need a special slip with a stamp!
    • And frankly, "Restless" turned the entire cast of Buffy into this.
  • Doctor Who:
    • In the episode "The Doctor's Wife", Idris/ the TARDIS is this when she's put into human form. Of course, experiencing your own past, present and future at the same time would make anyone a bit mad.
    • When Susan Foreman is in her more alien moods, she becomes like this, particularly in "The Edge of Destruction", which she spends drifting around waifishly in a long kimono-like dress babbling about visions in her mind, staring blankly into space with her big sad eyes, and shredding furniture with scissors while screaming and crying hysterically. (When she's in a more human mood, she's The Ingenue.)
    • There's also the Big Bad's daughter in "The Crimson Horror."
  • "All the Sinners, Saints", a thoroughly depressing, Shoot the Shaggy Dog episode of Without a Trace, features Katie, a beautiful young woman who's suffered from a severe and apparently untreatable mental illness for years and believes she's possessed and vanishes after suffering visions of a murder. after discovering that she committed the murder in question, she slits her wrists in a bath, fulfilling the trope's association with water.
  • Skins:
    • Anorexic Cassie is an Ophelia who just about manages to function socially, except for when she... doesn't. When thoroughly out of it as she attempts suicide, she is seen dancing ethereally in floaty clothes on a hilltop bench against the setting sun.
    • Subverted in the second series. The Ophelian tendencies go out of the window and it's just plain disturbing when she's out of it.
    • Effy straddles the line between "pretty" and "disturbing" during the fourth series.
  • There was an age where every Hispanic Soap Opera heroine snapped in an Ophelia Phase if broken enough. Given its roots in Victorian romantic literature, it's not a surprise. They tended to get back into sanity in time for their Roaring Rampage of Revenge, although by the time they snapped back they had already do something unforgivable, like giving their newborn to beggars.
  • In The Addams Family, Morticia's older sister (also played by Caroline Jones in the series; seen for about two seconds in the movies) fits much of this trope. She wears flowers in her hair (if you try to pluck one, her leg lifts up); she's vague at least, though not babbly; and she's very good at karate, not noticing that it hurts when she flips men to the ground. Oh, did I mention her name is Ophelia?
  • In an episode of Xena: Warrior Princess, Xena is driven mad by the Furies. Oh, she can still kick butt(in a Three Stooges style) but she suddenly wants to weave daisies in her hair.
  • CSI: New York has a suspected murderer, who seems dazed and begins babbling about law procedings. As it turns out, she's just a sleepwalker that only just woke up. Bonus points for her name actually being Ophelia.
  • Annie from Community, especially back in her Adderall days.
  • Daisy on Being Human. Bit of an Actor Allusion, as the actress Amy Manson also played Lizzie Siddal, the model of the famous pre-Raphaelite painting Ophelia on Desperate Romantics.
  • In Sons of Anarchy Opie fills this role as part of the Hamlet setting update. After Donna's death, he becomes, like his Shakespearian counterpart, melancholy and suicidally crazy.
  • Lila West from Season 2 of Dexter is stunningly beautiful and possesses an artistic streak with which she sculpts a Room Full of Crazy. She also has some unfortunate kleptomaniac, arsonist and Yandere tendencies.
  • Helena from Orphan Black is beautiful, ethereal, one hell of a dancer...and all-around Ax-Crazy.

    Music 
  • This is more or less Katie-Jane Garside's (Of Daisy Chainsaw and Queenadreena fame) stage persona. Actually, imagine the girl in the picture at the top of this page stumbling around in a terrified daze and you're practically there.
  • The basis for the Emilie Autumn album Opheliac, which was described by Autumn as "being another drowning story". And as the album is somewhat autobiographical, the attractiveness part is arguably passed too.
  • Yoshiki Hayashi in both stage persona and Real Life is a male example of the trope, though somewhat less, both as he's gotten older and as therapy for the conditions from which he has suffered has improved from what it was. Arguably, from Yoshiki's autobiography, Yoshiki's father was also a Real Life male Ophelia, one whose life sadly ended from suicide at 33.
  • Florence + The Machine used this idea in at least The Drumming Song off of the Between Two Lungs album. Other songs also feature this idea, and any Drinking Game involving how often she mentions drowning will quickly result in liver failure.
  • The folk song Maid in Bedlam
  • Marianne Faithfull, who went from early 60's ingenue to late 60's wild child with an almost suicidal eagerness. She even played Ophelia alongside Nicol Williamson's Hamlet.
  • Jim Morrison wrote a poem in tribute to Brian Jones, guitarist for The Rolling Stones, which compared him to Ophelia; Jones had drowned in a swimming pool.
  • Most of Evanescence's Sanity Slippage Songs give off this vibe.
  • Lacey Sturm, the lead singer for the band Flyleaf, has an Ophelia-like air in their music videos, and sometimes, even on stage. Bare feet and all.

    Opera 
  • "Mad Scenes" were a popular convention of early 19th Century French and Italian opera, frequently afflicting the soprano heroine.
    • Lucia in Lucia di Lammermoor. She stabs her forced bridegroom Arthur to death, then shows up babbling (re: singing) madly in the middle of the wedding party - blood splattered dress and all, few before she passes away as well. (In the original novel, Walter Scott's "Bride of Lamermoor" which was Very Loosely Based on a True Story, Lucia's madness is surprisingly un-aestheticised, so doesn't count).
    • Linda in Linda di Chamounix has the unusual good fortune of getting over it and having a happily-ever-after.
    • Margeurite in Gounod's Faust goes mad after falling pregnant and committing infanticide, and sings, of course, about flowers.
  • Gilbert and Sullivan parody the type with Mad Margaret in Ruddigore. Her supposed madness does no more than make her a Cloudcuckoolander (and a sympathetic one, to boot). In the second act, she's mostly reformed but sometimes bursts into hysterical fits. These fits can be quieted by reminding her of the word "Basingstoke" (an English town which is noted for not being Birmingham; both towns start with the same letter as Bedlam, though this is not mentioned in the play).
  • Male example: In the Stravinsky opera The Rake's Progress, Tom imagines himself as Adonis after he goes insane.

    Tabletop Games 
  • Then, there's Dolores Whateley in Deadlands. Ethereally beautiful? Check. Long, raven-black hair? Check. Access to mind-breaking knowledge? Check. Dancing through the graveyard at night singing nursery rhymes to her "friends" in the graves? Ooh. That's a big check. In the short-lived Deadlands CCG, she provided some of the best Flavor Text, such as the quote on the "Event Card" where every aced character became playable again for exactly one round.
    "Everyone's coming out to play!"
  • In Vampire: The Masquerade we're provided with an entire vampire clan of these, courtesy of the Malkavians. Subverted, in that while some of them are genuine Ophelias, just as many are Ax-Crazy or Psychopathic Manchildren, or have less obvious kinds of crazy like personality disorders or compulsions, and a fair number are just pretending to be The Ophelia to put the rest of the world off their guard.

    Theatre 
  • Ophelia from Hamlet, the Trope Namer.
  • Probably inspired by Shakespeare's example, any young woman in Renaissance drama who enters "with her hair about her ears" (i.e. down).
  • William Shakespeare himself parodied this type with the Jailer's Daughter in The Two Noble Kinsmen.
  • Mary Tyrone in the final scene of Long Days Journey Into Night, when she wanders into the room so intoxicated by morphine that she thinks she's a young convent girl again and rambles accordingly. Her acerbic son James even lampshades this: "The mad scene. Enter Ophelia!"
  • Some productions choose to go down this path with post-Villainous Breakdown Lady Macbeth.
  • Blanche DuBois in A Streetcar Named Desire.
    • Tennessee William's use of this trope is believed to be inspired by his own life. Williams was very close to his sister Rose, who was described as a "slim beauty"; she was diagnosed with schizophrenia and spent much time in mental hospitals before having a lobotomy that incapacitated her. Williams never got over it and it is believed to have played a part in his drug addiction and alcoholism.
  • Some productions of Sweeney Todd: The Demon Barber of Fleet Street do this to Johanna.
  • Diana of Next To Normal is a deconstruction of this trope. Her husband, Dan talks about how wild and beautiful she was as a college student, but got worse as time went on. The show makes a point to show there's nothing mystical or glamorous about mental illness.
  • Lucy Westenra becomes this trope as a vampire in Dracula: a Love Stronger Than Death, down to the loose hair, white gown, and flower crown. This is a big change from the book, where she's an utter monster after her transformation.

    Video Games 
  • Ophelia from Blood: Caleb's backstory mentions her home was burned down by the Cabal after her husband tried to leave them. She is left there for some time, mindlessly babbling on and blaming her husband's cowardice for the death of her son. She, well, gets better, then worse, then better again.
  • Yeesha from Uru has a touch of this- her speeches have her dancing about the room, using odd phrases, and describing the flow of water.
  • Princess Charlotte from Adam Cadre's interactive fiction work Varicella.
  • F.E.A.R.'s Alma appears to have many Ophelia-esque aspects, particularly in Project Origin. She is shown singing in several hallucinations, and in the prequel videos she dances around a doctor who she's been gleefully mindraping. Water shows up often in her hallucinations, which makes sense, as, like Ophelia, she drowned to death (in her case, in amniotic fluid). And her hair in her "child" form tends to be wild and frazzled.
  • Penny from Advance Wars: Days of Ruin vacillates between being an Ophelia and being Ax-Crazy, mainly depending on the wishes of her stuffed Mr. Bear.
    Penny: Hee hee! Penny likes you...but Mr. Bear HATES YOU!
    Will: Why are you helping me?
    Penny:: ...Because Mr. Bear told me to.
  • Lilian in Laura Bow
  • Tira from the Soul Calibur games, who leans towards the "Ax-Crazy" variety.
  • This is the backstory of Nadia Grell in The Old Republic, bar that rather than being mentally ill, her talent with the Force was awakening and her species had no history or awareness of the Force. She snaps out of it when the Jedi teach her how to control her powers.
  • Ophelia's Superpowered Evil Side in Brütal Legend. Lampshaded as she uses a lot of metaphors for drowning when commanding her army to attack.
  • Ninian from Fire Emblem Elibe spends a brief time like this. When you find her in either Eliwood's or Hector's path, she's adrift in a small rowboat and totally amnesiac, so the cast takes her in since she can't be left alone. Soon we learn why she's like that: she and Nils tried to escape from the Dread Isle to not be forced to open the Dragon Gate and call other dragons through it, with the help of Eliwood's captured father Elbert; however, Nils fell into the sea and the already unstable Ninian snapped, blocking everything from her mind. She does't recover until Nils reappears and snaps her out — and just in time, as she's Brainwashed and Crazy and just about to open the Gate under Nergal's orders. From then on she's mostly sane, if extremely shy and reserved.
  • Sara from Fire Embem: Thracia 776 is regarded as such by her grandfather Manfroy and the Lopto cult. She's more of a slightly-off but otherwise functional Oracular Urchin, however.
  • Depending on how well you do on a certain event, Garry from Ib can lapse into this temporarily or permanently. After being terrorized literally out of his wits, he begins babbling to himself and ignoring the world around him. He follows the tradition of male Ophelias, in that he is feminine, pretty, and gentle. Word of God also confirms that he's gender fluid since he uses female pronouns in the original Japanese.

    Visual Novels 

    Webcomics 
  • Lucy of Bittersweet Candy Bowl after Michael is believed to have died during the hiking trip
  • Young Reisen of A Broken Winter is a rare male example. We're introduced to him sitting on the desk with his headphones in and the fire extinguishers merrily destroying his room, while he muses as to the music of the gods. It's portrayed as a very classic Ophelia moment.
  • Arkady of Freakangels

    Western Animation 
  • Quinn from Daria babbles nonsense and rubs mud on her face after she eats the "glitterberries" along with the rest of her family, save the title character.

    Real Life 
  • Lucia Joyce, daughter of James Joyce. Schizophrenic. Institutionalised. Pretty (rather Flapper-like), with an artistic temperament: she was a skilled dancer in her youth, good enough to train with Isadora Duncan.
  • America's Next Top Model's seasons 12 and 17 contestant Allison Harvard (also known on the Internet as "Creepy-chan"). Long, messy hair, weird, crazy vibe and everything.
  • In 1720 Susan Mountfort, an institutionalized actress who had been known for playing Ophelia, escaped her keepers, went to her former theater, hid in the wings, and took the current actress's place in Ophelia's "mad" scene, dying shortly afterwards.
  • The aforementioned sister of Tennesee Williams, Rose.


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