"So this was the shape the story had taken. You may say, the shape the gods had given it. [...] That much of the truth they had dropped into someone's mind, in a dream, or an oracle, or however they do such things. That much; and wiped clean out the very meaning, the pith, the central knot of the whole tale. [...] And I saw in a moment how the false story would grow and spread and be told all over the earth; and I wondered how many of the other sacred stories are just such twisted falsities as this."A subtrope of External Retcon, in which somebody takes a known — often classic — story, and retells it, turning it on its head. What you thought was the villain is now taken as a protagonist, and is portrayed with a greater degree of sympathy. The heroes of the story as best known might not come across so well in this telling. Usually, the villain is presented as a smart, insightful, dedicated but tragically flawed character who may lack the charisma, empathy or social standing required to get support from other people and society in general, while the heroes are too naive, shortsighted or selfish to see the ultimate consequences of their "heroic" deeds. They may mean well, but as they say about the road to hell... The complete inversion/reinterpretation (where the villain is the real hero and vice versa) is rarer, but in both cases, the impact of the story derives from the fact that we know who's supposed to be good and who's supposed to be bad, and this story upsets this. This is not the same as original stories on the extreme end of the Sliding Scale of Idealism vs. Cynicism, where everything is morally ambiguous and no characters can be said to be good or bad per se; here the writer is deliberately playing with our expectations. Can overlap with Grimmification, but it doesn't have to be a fairy-tale, and Grimmification doesn't always feature a hero-villain flip. Doing this to a whole cosmology can lead to Satan Is Good. Expect a story like this to be Darker and Edgier in proportion to the original's simplicity as well as elements of deconstruction which kinda helps the whole story be told. Do keep in mind the possibility of an Unreliable Narrator, if this is done from the first person POV. Compare (and/or contrast) with "Rashomon"-Style, Villain Episode, Sympathetic P.O.V., Humans Are Cthulhu, Lower-Deck Episode, Monster Adventurers, Another Side, Another Story, and P.O.V. Sequel. May contain spoilers, both for the Perspective Flipped and original versions of a story. Not to be confused with Perspective Reversal.
— Orual, Till We Have Faces
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Anime and Manga
- The coming of the Anti Christ is part of the Berserk lore and apparently the Anti Christ is Guts and Femto/Griffith is a Messianic Archetype. Wait, something's wrong here. Considering God Is Evil in this universe, the reason for this should be obvious.
- Code Geass features a Well-Intentioned Extremist Chessmaster with average mech piloting skills as its protagonist, leading La Résistance. His primary foe is a Wide-Eyed Idealist Ace Pilot working for The Empire. This is basically what happens when you tell a Gundam story from the Char Clone's point of view.
- In an actual Gundam example, the manga Iron Mustang is a story for the point of view of a handful of Mooks who only appeared in a single episode of the original Mobile Suit Gundam TV series.
- Other than the obvious changes made to fit with the setting, Gankutsuou retells The Count of Monte Cristo from mostly the perspective of Albert, the son of one of the men who screwed Edmond Dantes over, giving us a fresh perspective on the Count's Roaring Rampage of Revenge.
- The Snow White chapter in Kaori Yuki's Ludwig Revolution manga still considers the evil queen an increasingly insane Fury, but she starts out quite human, especially compared to the manipulative, unexcused, insolent evil of Snow White (who's entirely responsible for her mother slowly losing it, really.)
- Later chapters of Mahou Sensei Negima! become this, showing Primum and then Tertium during and after Ala Rubra's battle with Cosmo Entelecheia.
- Naoki Urasawa's Pluto, a perspective flip of Astro Boy's Strongest Robot on Earth from the POV of Gesicht, whose role was comparatively minor in the original story. As in in the original story, Gesicht is killed so Atom becomes the POV character.
- Episode 5 of Senki Zesshou Symphogear focuses on the Nehushtan Armor, named Chris, who was already established as an antagonist in the previous two episodes. Her life is constantly ruined by her Yandere superior, who tortures her on an Elfen Lied scale. Failing the last mission resulted in an extended electrified torture.
- The manga Tales of the Abyss: Asch the Bloody covers the events of the game/anime from the perspective of the psycho ranger who becomes the main party's Aloof Ally.
- Yatterman Night. The Doronbo are usually the quirky villains to the Yattermen in previous iterations. In this series, their descendants are the main protagonists with the Yattermen descendants being the antagonists. Special mention goes to making Tonzura and Boyaky's counterparts co-protagonists with Leopard when they were originally just Doronjo's lackeys.
- Teppu is structured like your average shounen martial arts series, except told from the perspective of the cold, cynical Jerk Ass Blood Knight villain. The protagonist's Arch-Enemy is naturally the kindhearted, energetic Genki Girl who believes in The Power of Friendship.
- Tokyo Marble Chocolate is build around this: The story consists of 2 OVAs each tells the story from the point of view of one of the protagonists, one is a Lovable Coward guy and the other a Cute Clumsy Girl who are trying to sort out the problems in their relationship, and it shows for example how the problems the guy goes through trying to prove his love to the girl are interpreted by her as him being driven away from her because of her quirkiness.
- In one chapter of the Youjo Senki manga, it shows the Franc Republic finally having a glimpse of the infamous Devil of the Rhine, Tanya, herself. Unlike how in the previous episode which shows Tanya's insane rant against the Republic, the orb instead shows the Jeanne d'Archétype personality that Tanya develops the more she prays to Being X.
- The manga Otomari Honey is a non-villain-hero flip example - it takes the plot of a typical Harem Genre story and shows us the events unfolding from the perspective of a haremette who joins the harem sometime after three other girls have started living with her crush.
- Shining Tears X Wind takes this Up to Eleven where Souma, the protagonist of the anime, is just a major character in the video game adaptation, Shining Wind where Kiriya is the protagonist.
- The bulk of each chapter of Omujo! Omutsu Joshi is focused on male lead Shouta, with the last two to four pages showing events from the viewpoint of the girl he interacted with most that chapter, usually Ichigo. The formula gets played with some after the harem expands with Morei and Muni. Shouta spends chapter 10 with Muni, but the flip focuses on Ichigo working up the nerve to ask him to the movies. Chapter 11 starts from Ichigo's perspective, then flips to Morei. Chapter 14 starts with Shouta, then Ichigo, then Morei.
- Pocket Monsters Emerald Challenge!! Battle Frontier is one on Pokémon Emerald's Battle Frontier. The protagonist, Enta, is an Apprentice while the games' lead, Rald, is his "master".
- Will Eisner's Fagin the Jew is a comic book retelling of Oliver Twist which details Fagin's tragic spiral from idealistic young lad to jaded prisoner about to be hanged. Eisner's intent was to counteract the anti-Jew bias in the original tale by presenting Fagin as a person whose idealism is slowly beaten out of him by an increasingly unfair life, hence justifying the crimes and wrongs Fagin does in the original story.
- Eisner also did one in "The Appeal" (a short story that can be found in The Will Eisner Reader) for The Trial by Franz Kafka. In it, the main character of The Trial puts a judge on trial for getting him killed in a fairly Kafkaesque fashion, right down to the potentially symbolic meanings.
- The mini-series Lex Luthor: Man of Steel shows The DC Universe from Lex Luthor's perspective as he sees it (or at least would like us to see it); an ordinary (if, of course, you discount little things like the billions of dollars and scientific genius) human standing up against a cold, distant and otherworldly superpowered alien, whose very existence belittles and demeans human accomplishment.
- Subverted a bit in Scooby-Doo #135, which has a perspective flip on "A Clue For Scooby-Doo"'s fake monsters of the day, Captain Cutler, and his villainous wife, without giving a good reason for their crimes.
- Tales of the Sinestro Corps offers some backstory and alternate takes on events in the Sinestro Corps War from the point of view of the corps.
- One of the plotlines in Transformers: More than Meets the Eye involves a group of Decepticon foot-soldiers trying to make their way back to the Cybertron. Through their perspective we're given a look into the Decepticon hierarchy, culture, and general beliefs. To highlight the Grey and Grey Morality of the war, at one point Krok casually refers to Megatron as the hero and Optimus Prime as the villain.
- The Superior Foes of Spider-Man is basically a superhero comic from the perspective of the normal, street-level bank-robbing supervillains like Shocker and Boomerang. They spend most of their time just looking for work, bickering amongst each other, hanging out like normal people, and trying to avoid getting arrested by any passing superheroes. The heroes are generally perceived as stuck-up jerks by the villains, and bad guys who reform and become heroes are viewed as quislings with a target on their backs.
- Being a long Take That! to 300, Three makes Sparta the big villain of the story.
- The main premise of the One Piece Fan Fic series Rerum Danarae is showing the world of One Piece from the side of the Navy, and Gol D. Andrea's more or less blind stumbling in between the lines of Pirates and Marines until finding her place.
- The final installment of the Sith Academy Fan Fic series is a surprisingly good rendition of The Phantom Menace, largely from the perspective of Darth Maul, which makes the whole story come together much better than in the original - despite being a series in which Maul had been Obi-Wan's lover for over a year before the story takes place. (Obviously, this counts as a P.O.V. Sequel as well.)
- There is a Warhammer 40,000 Horus Heresy fic where the Traitor legions are the heroes and the Loyalists turned the Emperor against them.
- Extremely common in Hunger Games fanfiction, since the canon work is told in first person POV from Katniss' perspective. You can find the stories retold from the POV of Peeta, Rue, Cinna, Prim, Haymitch, Clove, Foxface, Johanna, Cashmere, Beetee even minor tributes and peacekeepers.
- Plankton's Eye View is this. Even the title well implies this trope at work.
- In Horseshoes and Hand Grenades, there's a fanfic known as Tears to Shed that revolves around Gentaro's point of view in regards to the first 13 chapters of the story.
- The My Little Pony: Friendship Is Magic fanfic Heart of Gold, Feathers of Steel retells the events of Griffon the Brush Off from Gilda's perspective.
- The Pokémon fanfic Travels of the Trifecta does this when integrating anime episodes into the story, because it portrays the stories from Paul's perspective rather than Ash's.
- The Last Ringbearer details the War of the Ring from the perspective of Mordor, with the assumption that Tolkien's account is written from Gondor's perspective. That is, the democratic, technological, human-populated republic of Mordor is fighting a defensive war which was started by the snobby, arrogant, supremacist elves, who view Mordor as a threat to their power base and plan to destroy the republic and keep Middle Earth in Medieval Stasis forever, using the human kingdoms of Gondor and Rohan as Unwitting Pawns, of course.
- The Lion's Pride details the talk between Harry Potter and Rufus Scrimgeour from the latter's point of view. As such, Rufus seems more of a Reasonable Authority Figure trying to do his job and win the war while Harry seems like a churlish self-absorbed child who's been thoroughly brainwashed by Dumbledore (hence why Rufus uses "Dumbledore's man" as an insult).
- In the Worm x Dishonored crossover fanfic, A Change of Pace, Glory Girl still acts a lot like her canon counterpart, including the flying dumpster things, but because Taylor is allied with her we see how she looks after Taylor more. Likewise, we see how the Undersiders look from her angle, with Tattletale pushing buttons being more personal and why so many people find her annoying.
- In the Spec Ops: The Line/The Familiar of Zero crossover fic Zulu Squad No Tsukaima, several of the characters' backstories in Dubai are told from the perspective of the Damned 33rd, given what goes on in the video game, they are understandably aghast at Captain Walker's actions.
- Shadow And Rose is (mostly) a retelling of Dragon Age: Origins from the point of view of Alistair.
- The Final Fantasy X fancomic Guardian is a retelling of Yuna's journey from the perspective of Lulu, starting with Lulu volunteering herself as the Final Aeon and jumping back to her own childhood to explain how she became a guardian twice before age twenty, her life on Besaid with Yuna, Wakka, and Chappu, and how she feels about Tidus showing up.
- Landing Day: The story is Independence Day told from the perspective of the alien invaders. Events from the film are replicated, including the first Curbstomp Battle, the operating scene, the "release me" scene, the computer virus messing up the aliens' systems, and the final battle.
- The Skyhold Academy Yearbook series of Dragon Age fics has one of these for its second story. The Year of the Unicorn and the Emerald Princess is a rehash of the first story - except this time, it's told through the point of view of three of the students as they exchange text and Facebook messages throughout the school year.
- Agents Acquired, a side volume to the Twice Upon An Age series of Dragon Age: Inquisition stories, is both this and an Elsewhere Fic. The point of view characters are various agents of the Inquisition, showing what their lives were like before and after meeting the Heralds of Andraste.
Films — Animated
- Hoodwinked is a retelling of Little Red Riding Hood in which the wolf is an investigative journalist. Stalking Red through the woods? All he's doing is conducting some investigative work. Dressing up as Granny and hiding in her bed? Trying to get information out of Red. But Granny tied up in the closet? Now that was just one huge coincidence. Really, he had no idea she was there. (As it turns out, he's telling the truth.)
- The Lion King 1½ is The Lion King as told from Timon and Pumbaa's perspective (especially Timon's). If you think of The Lion King as Hamlet with lions, this arguably makes 1 1/2 Rosencrantz and Guildenstern Are Dead.
- It's completely unintentional, but Disney's Animated Adaptation of Sleeping Beauty comes across as a Perspective Flip of the original tale from the point-of-view of the Three Good Fairies who must save the sleeping beauty and her prince from an evil witch.
Films — Live-Action
- Argo became the number one bootleg on the streets of Tehran because it provided Iranian audiences with a perspective flip on the Islamic Revolution and the US Embassy hostage crisis.
- Enchanted pokes fun at this.
Giselle: I remember this one time, when the poor wolf was being chased by Little Red Riding Hood around his grandmother's house, and she had an axe... oh, and if Pip hadn't been walking by to help I don't know what would've happened!Morgan: I don't really remember that version.Giselle: Well, that's because Red tells it a little differently.
- Wholly Moses! starring Dudley Moore. The story of Herschel, Moses' brother-in-law.
- Flags of Our Fathers and Letters from Iwo Jima. The former tells the Battle of Iwo Jima from the perspective of the American soldiers attacking it and raising the flag, the latter from the perspective of the Japanese soldiers defending it.
- The Others is a Perspective Flip on the classic ghost story, in which ghosts who don't realize they're dead perceive the arrival of living people in their home as a haunting by unseen, frightening presences.
- An early part of Ip Man films involves a newcomer challenging established martial arts masters. Thing is? In the first film it's a villain doing so, who Ip puts in place. In the second, it's Ip himself who's the outsider. Pity that it was never commented on.
- Tucker & Dale Vs. Evil tells the story of two well-meaning country bumpkins who save a girl from drowning, and inadvertently convince her friends that they've kidnapped her to do unspeakable things to her (as per the Hillbilly Horrors genre.) Of course, it doesn't help matters that said friends are all Too Dumb to Live, getting themselves killed one by one in ways they can then blame on T&D. Amusingly, the DVD extras include a flip of the flip, entitled Tucker and Dale ARE Evil.
- Back in '93 is a short-film perspective flip of <<Le chandail du hockey>>, both stories of a lone fan of the "wrong" hockey team.
- Dracula from 2006., told from Arthur Holmwood's POV. Unusual for this trope, Holmwood also suffers from Adaptational Villainy (he is responsible for bringing Dracula to England), though his motives remain sympathetic (he has syphilis and wants to find a cure)
- Oz: The Great and Powerful is the story of The Wizard of Oz (the character, not the work), though he's still a jerk and a con man even before becoming the Wizard.
- Maleficent is a perspective flip on the tale of Sleeping Beauty from the perspective of Maleficent, presenting her as a Heel–Face Revolving Door, showing not only her transforming from a sweet and innocent child to an evil enchantress, but also how she grows to love and care about Aurora, and indeed tries to and eventually does break the curse herself. The opening monologue from Aurora flat-out accuses the traditional version of being human-centrist propaganda.
- One common theme of the ESPN 30 for 30 films is to document a great sports upset from the perspective of the loser.
- The French film He Loves Me... He Loves Me Not spends its first half following Angélique, a young art student having an affair with a married cardiologist named Loïc. The perspective later flips to Loïc, and we learn that Angélique is an obsessive psychotic stalker and Loïc doesn't even know who she is.
- Alien: Covenant: There's a pretty cool 3D tie-in video that shows the scene where a Neomorph rapidly grows inside a human host before bursting out and attacking another human in the vicinity from its own perspective.
- Rogue One shows the Rebellion against the Empire not from the perspective of Jedi Knights but the unpowered rebels who die by the dozens during the war. Besides showing that the rebels aren't perfect (many, including Saw Gerrera's rebels at the crew of the Rogue One itself, have to do dirty deeds for a good cause), it's particularly notable for undoing Darth Vader's Villain Decay over the years caused by the prequels by reestablishing him as an unstoppable wave of death and destruction against rebels who only have a blaster on their side.
- Tragedy Girls is essentially a Slasher Movie, told from the perspective of the killers as they plan and carry out their murder spree.
- Retellings of public domain stories, such as The Iliad, from a new point of view are practically a little genre unto themselves. Going with The Iliad as an example...
- Marion Zimmer Bradley's The Firebrand tells it all from the point of view of Cassandra, princess of Troy.
- The Song Of Achilles, by Madeleine Miller, tells it from the point of view of Patroclus, lover of Achilles.
- Donna Jo Napoli's Sirena takes perhaps the unlikeliest POV, that of a siren who refuses to lure men to their deaths, but is drawn into the Trojan War anyway.
- Wicked, both in the book by Gregory Maguire and its Broadway musical adaptation, is a Land of Oz based book (with heavy MGM influences) from the viewpoint of the Wicked Witch of the West (named "Elphaba Thropp"). The wizard is the Big Bad. For example, take her famous death scene:
- In Wicked (the book), Dorothy had no intention of killing the witch. She went to the castle to apologize, and tried to save Elphaba when she caught on fire, unaware of Elphaba's allergy to water.
- In the original book, Dorothy threw the water on the Witch in a fit of pique, having no idea that it would cause her death. One can wonder however, what would have happened if she knew.
- And in the movie, she actually threw the water to try and save the Scarecrow, whom the Witch had set on fire, and some of it splashed on the Witch in the process. Hence Dorothy was simply trying to save one of her close friends and loved ones, who the Witch was already trying to murder.
- In the stage musical, it's implied that it was all a set-up, planned by Fiyero (the Scarecrow) and Elphaba to fake Elphaba's death, utilising the rumours that she could be melted by pure water. Elphie would set Fiyero on fire, knowing that the good-hearted Dorothy would save him with the bucket of water that just happened to be nearby, and Elphie would just happen to get caught in the splash. So Elphaba wasn't actually trying to murder anyone. Alternatively, the musical may be the only version where Dorothy deliberately tried to murder the Witch, as it's already been set up that she's popularly believed to be vulnerable to water. Whether Dorothy herself knew this, however, is unclear; Elphaba's faked death may be for the benefit of everyone else in Oz and Dorothy just happened to be a credulous bystander. Since we don't see the actual scene, it's unclear exactly who else was present or what Dorothy was trying to do.
- Confessions of an Ugly Stepsister is another one by Gregory Maguire, this one about "Cinderella".
- Gregory Maguire also did Mirror, Mirror which was an alternate telling of Snow White.
- The Vampire Lestat shows Lestat from his own, more sympathetic viewpoint than that in Interview with the Vampire.
- Neil Gaiman's story "Snow, Glass, Apples" turns the evil queen into a benevolent ruler and tragic hero, Snow White into an insatiable vampire that has killed many people (including the king), and the prince into a necrophiliac who fell in love with Snow White because she's basically a walking corpse.
- The True Story of the Three Little Pigs is narrated by one "A. Wolf," who explains that the huffing and puffing was actually a bad case of hay fever, and he had no big bad intentions against the pigs. "I was framed," he laments. He's heavily implied to be an Unreliable Narrator, however.
- Fred Saberhagen's The Dracula Tape is a story about how Dracula was essentially a nice guy and no one cared. This works exceptionally well, as a close reading of the original novel strongly suggests that the "heroes" are idiots. It also takes advantage of the original being a Scrapbook Story largely compiled by Mina; in this version Mina was Dracula's ally, and so much of the later book is reinterpreted as her manipulating the hunters by using their sexism against them. It's implied Dracula is not being entirely honest however; the Demeter massacre especially is presented rather unbelievably as one of the crew murdering the rest by sheer coincidence while he spent the whole journey hiding after being spotted on deck.
- Barbara Hambly's Renfield and Tim Lucas' The Book of Renfield both rework Dracula from the POV of, obviously, The Renfield. The former turns out to be a very odd romance in which Renfield actually survives the novel and gets to live happily ever after with one of Dracula's "wives"; the latter, a Scrapbook Story that invokes the Literary Agent Hypothesis, is more of a Start of Darkness tale.
- Saberhagen also did Perspective Flip novels about Frankenstein's monster and the Minotaur.
- Tanith Lee's Red As Blood: Tales of the Sisters Grimmer.
- John Gardner's Grendel tells the story from Grendel's point of view as a sort of Byronic antihero raging against the heavens while trying to figure out his place in the universe. Beowulf isn't even seen until the final battle between him and Grendel. He comes off as a sadistic psychopath to Grendel and when the two fight we see it entirely through Grendel's eyes, during which Grendel begins hallucinating that Beowulf is some kind of angelic but at the same time demonic being.
- Takes one to know one in that case though...
- The two-part The Sundering series by Jacqueline Carey is a lawyer-friendly inversion of The Lord of the Rings. It's told mostly from the perspective of the Forces of Darkness, who really just want to be left alone and aren't responsible for the cataclysm that has been blamed on them.
- Burning Dragons - in which the dragons are a friendly and intelligent species and Saint George is a homicidal (or dracocidal) maniac suffering from Fantastic Racism.
- Gordon R. Dickson's much earlier The Dragon and the George and its sequels had used a variant on this riff.
- Paint Your Dragon by Tom Holt takes the general idea of 'St George vs the Dragon', and makes the point that (despite being part of the official 'Good' side) George is pretty much an evil, despicable man who likes to kill things.
- The Other Log of Phileas Fogg and A Barnstormer in Oz by Philip José Farmer. In the latter, Glinda the Good assassinates U.S. President Warren Harding by stuffing an object down his throat.
- Till We Have Faces, by C. S. Lewis, plays with this trope in quite a few ways. It retells the myth of Cupid and Psyche from the perspective of Orual, one of the "wicked" sisters. The events of the story are mostly the same, with the biggest difference being that, in the original story, Psyche's sisters could clearly see the fine palace she shared with Cupid (and thus their later actions were clearly motivated by jealousy), but in Faces Orual can't see Istra's palace, making her motivation much more ambiguous. As Orual tells her story, she claims that her first motivation was always Istra's well-being, and she blames the caprice of the gods for the disasters that come from her own attempts to do the right thing. (Istra is still just as incorruptibly pure as Psyche was in the original.) The perspective flip even happens in-universe: Orual lives long enough to hear Istra's story pass into myth, and she's angry as hell to find out that she's become the villain of the story. Then the perspective gets flipped again. In the process of telling her side of the story to set the record straight, Orual has a Heel Realization and understands how much of her "concern" for Istra was actually selfishness.
- This has been done a few times to Gone with the Wind; the books The Wind Done Gone and Rhett Butler's People are both perspective-changed takes on the original novel.
- Michael Aquino's Morlindale is presented as a series of letters between Melkor, Sauron, the Witch-King of Angmar, and the Blue Wizard Pallando. It basically retells the story of The Lord of the Rings, and parts of the Silmarillion, with Melkor and his followers as rebels against the cruel, uncaring Valar. Aquino earlier had written The Dark Side, a Fan Fic sequel to Star Wars: A New Hope, before the others had come out, featuring Darth Vader as the good guy.) In Real Life Michael Aquino founded the Temple of Set, an order inspired by the example of Set, the bad guy from Egyptian Mythology, an example of a Perspective Flip as applied to actual religious belief.
- Not as far-fetched as it sounds. Set was originally a good god in the actual myth. He became unpopular during a time period when a foreign army took over Egypt and made him their patron god. Set being evil was a Retcon added afterward to justify his unpopularity.
- The entire principle of the Temple of Set is set around the concept of antinomianism - going against the dominating perspective of religious and philosophical views of one's culture in order to achieve a state where the artificiality of of such viewpoints becomes apparent. An extreme simplification, of course.
- Another Tolkienist example is Natalya Vasilieva's The Black Book of Arda, which is the Perspective Flipped Silmarillion. It has the same premise as the previous book, but with added Wangst and gothy-ness. It had a very significant subcultural impact in Russia, basically creating a new subculture halfway between tolkienists/LARPers and goths.
- K. Eskov's The Last Ringbearer also retells The Lord of the Rings from other perspective. The main point is that Mordor and Isengard were actually heralds of technological progress, which the Valar thwarted because it would cause the people to worship them less.
- Wide Sargasso Sea, by Jean Rhys, does this for Jane Eyre: Bertha Mason, Mr. Rochester's crazy first wife, is the main character, and Rochester is the villain.
- Terry Pratchett's Night Watch is a typical Discworld take on Les Misérables, which flips the perspectives of the two main characters, while keeping them easily recognizable. This is made possible because Vimes (Javert) is a much more developed character and his sense of justice is not quite as unforgiving as Javert's, while Carcer (Valjean) is a homicidal psychopath who only thinks or appears to think that he is the wronged, noble hero of Les Miz.
- Likewise, The Amazing Maurice and His Educated Rodents is a Perspective Flip (indeed, a full-on Perspective Inversion) of the Pied Piper story.
- The Truth, Going Postal (and Making Money) alongside Thud! portray protagonists from one book as, well not really antagonists but nuisances towards the protagonists of another. We KNOW Vimes is a Jerk with a Heart of Gold, but in The Truth he wants the paper shut down because it stirs things up, plus he'd probably want to see Con Man Moist von Lipwig behind bars...
- Minor Perspective Flip retellings of fairy tales have also turned up in Discworld, including a Woobie-wolf version of "Little Red Riding Hood" in Witches Abroad, and Susan's more cynical revision of "Jack and the Beanstalk" in Hogfather.
- Presented literally in the Disney book series My Side Of The Story. Each book is actually two books in one—the first half recaps the events of the film in question from the perspective of the title character, and the reader then physically flips the book over to get the villain's version of the same events.
- A Tale Of...:
- A Tale of the Wicked Queen is a Twice-Told Tale of Disney's Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs. It goes into who the Queen is and why she became a Wicked Stepmother. Most of the book takes place years prior to the film. In her case, the Queen was corrupted by three distant cousin's of her husband after his death. Her grief, self-esteem problems, and jealousy issues led to her easily being manipulated into an overprotective mother towards Snow.
- In A Tale of the Wicked Queen, the Queen delivers her own alternative interpretation of Sleeping Beauty. In it, Maleficent was a shy, misunderstood woman who feared rejection. She shut herself away with only blackbirds for companionship. Maleficent put Sleeping Beauty into her sleep in order to protect her from the world.
- A Tale of the Beast Within reveals the descent into darkness that made the Prince the Beast before love redeemed him.
- Jon Clinch's Finn is written from the prospective of Pap Finn, the father of the character of Mark Twain's The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn.
- Margaret Atwood's The Penelopiad retells The Odyssey from the perspective of Penelope, Odysseus's wife - from beyond the grave, no less. Perspective Flips also play an important meta-role: while Penelope is waiting for Odysseus to return, stories of his doings trickle back with different spins on the same event, such as whether the Cyclops was really a one-eyed giant or just a half-blind innkeeper pissed off that the sailors wouldn't pay their tabs.
- The protagonist of The House of Asterion by Jorge Luis Borges is the Minotaur of Greek myth.
- The 18th century writer Voltaire had an early example with his story The White Bull, most of whose protagonists are villains from The Bible. The heroine is a Babylonian princess in love with Nebuchadnezzar II currently turned into a bull by God. She is aided in her quest to change him back by a Eunuch and Good Chancellor who was one of Pharaoh's magicians who challenged Moses, his friend, an old woman who was the Witch of Endor, and the Author Avatar, a friendly talking snake.
- Of course, the talking snake also tricked the princess into saying her lover's name, dooming her to execution, so maybe it doesn't count for him. She doesn't get killed, of course, but the intent was there.
- French novelist Anatole France wrote a story titled The Seven Wives of Bluebeard which is told from that character's perspective, portraying him as a nice guy whose wives died not by his hands, but by circumstances of their bad choices (one's an adulteress, another a drunkard, etc.). Like The True Story of the 3 Little Pigs mentioned above, the number of "accidental" deaths occurring in proximity to the supposedly innocent protagonist definitely suggests an alternate interpretation that they are an Unreliable Narrator.
- D'Artagnan - The Cardinal's Guard by Alexander Bushkov is a very poorly done total reversal of Dumas' novel.
- Yes, That Same Milady by Yuliya Galanina is another retelling - from the point of view of... well, Milady de Winter. Yes, she turns out to be very much alive. And, yes, she's an extremely Unreliable Narrator, and doesn't even try to deny it.
- Tiffany Thayer's Three Musketeers and a Lady does a brilliant Perspective Inversion of the story from the same perspective, depicting Milady de Winter as a Tragic Villain who found true love too late.
- Marion Zimmer Bradley reimagined the King Arthur mythos from the viewpoint of the women in The Mists of Avalon and its sequels.
- Marion Zimmer Bradley does this again with The Firebrand, which retells the story of The Iliad from the perspective of Kassandra.
- The Kindly Ones (Les bienveillantes) by Jonathan Littell: the Holocaust from the point of view of a SS officer who enjoyed a Karma Houdini, spending 900 pages trying to justify his life and the massacres he helped carry out.
- A Thousand Acres by Jane Smiley is a reversal of King Lear, set on an Iowan farm and showing the story from Ginny's (Goneril's) perspective.
- Not exactly a villain / hero perspective swap, but there's more than a few latterly-written versions of Pride and Prejudice around which are told from Mr. Darcy's perspective on events as opposed to Elizabeth Bennet's. Most of these are about as good as you would expect (and tend to ignore that Darcy, for all that he's a romantic hero, is still supposed to be a bit of a tool initially); an example of one of the better ones is Pamela Aidan's Fitzwilliam Darcy, Gentleman series, which flesh out Darcy's character and background whilst still remaining faithful to both the original novel and the period.
- Nancy Springer's I Am Mordred and I Am Morgan le Fay (which are Exactly What It Says on the Tin).
- There is a book about Judas Iscariot and how he accidentally betrayed Jesus. He is spending his remaining days repenting for his sins in an Essene monastery. He was heartbroken when his fellow apostles killed him off in the Gospels.
- Similarly, Jesus Christ Superstar portrays Judas as a "true believer" who has become concerned about the cult of personality surrounding Jesus. He believes the messenger is becoming bigger than the message.
- The novel within The Master and Margarita has Pontius Pilate as its main character. Matthew the Evangelist is depicted as a somewhat crazy hanger-on of Jesus, and doesn't record his words very accurately. And while cruel, Pilate is far from unsympathetic.
- P.N. Elrod's "King of Shreds and Patches" does a different perspective flip, presenting the story from the point of view of King Claudius who is innocent of his brother's murder and at his wit's end to deal with his insane nephew.
- Lamb: The Gospel According to Biff, Christ's Childhood Pal by Christopher Moore is more of a reimagining than a retelling, but it changes the perspective of Jesus's life from the big J to one of his closest friends who never really made it to apostlehood.
- Stephen R. Donaldson's The Real Story features a perspective flip, not as a binary reversal of hero/villain, but a more complicated flip in which the victim, the villain and the rescuer ALL swap places. The villain becomes the victim, the victim becomes the rescuer, and the rescuer becomes the villain.
- A character from an alternate universe in Robert A. Heinlein's The Cat Who Walks Through Walls comes from a universe where Albert Einstein is considered to be evil on the scale of Hitler, despite doing the exact same things he did in our universe: She (and apparently most other people from that universe) blame him for the existence of nuclear weapons.
- Day of the Minotaur by Thomas Burnett Swann tells the story of a teenage boy and girl who meet the last of the legendary race of monsters... only to find that he's not so monstrous as the stories suggest. The girl ends up as his lover.
- Never Never, a short story by Bruce Glasco, is the story of Peter Pan from Captain Hook's perspective, where he and his crew are trapped in Neverland unable to win, and Tinkerbell brings them back to life (described in graphic detail) every time they die. Oh, and one of them always Comes Back Wrong.
- Polish writer Andrzej Sapkowski is well-known for using this trope in his short stories about The Witcher. In Lesser Evil (Mniejsze Zło in the Polish) we have another example of using it on the classic "Snow White" story - good queen saw terrible things that would be done by her step-daughter in future, and gave orders to kill her. Girl killed queen's servant when he tried to rape her, and ran and joined a bunch of gnomes, with whom she was robbing people. Queen sent a wizard that killed all the gnomes and imprisoned girl in a crystal. But then some stupid prince freed and married her, and she murdered him to rule herself. Then she attacked her family lands, and killed the queen, formed a group of murderers and came to kill the wizard, only to die from the hand of the Witcher. And that's only one example.
- The Way of Cross and Dragon by George R.R. Martin. It's about an heretical cult that venerates Judas Iscariot as a tragic hero.
- There are a lot of Star Wars Expanded Universe novels that fit this trope, including the "Tales of The" books, each containing several short stories about just about every character who appears in the Mos Eisely cantina and Jabba's palace.
- One of the best is I, Jedi by Michael A. Stackpole, which fills in and comments on some of the more egregious plot holes from the earlier Jedi Academy Trilogy.
- Death Star is popular too. It's about various people on the first Death Star, from Darth Vader on down to a political prisoner whose experience in architecture let her work on the superweapon's less essential elements. Only one Rebel character gets named at all, and that's Princess Leia, who leaves a major impression on the surgeon who tended her after she was tortured. The novel serves to make things a little less black-and-white than in the film; although the Empire is still incredibly evil, it's easier to see why anyone worked for it.
- Quite a few characters take rebellious actions, without joining the Rebel Alliance.
- Jack Vance's books are usually narrated by a stoic, quiet, hypercompetent hero. The Grey Prince, however, is told mainly from the point of view of the love interest and the Dogged Nice Guy—who see the standard hero as an aloof Jerkass.
- Peter Carey's Jack Maggs is a retelling of Great Expectations from Magwitch's point of view.
- There is a book told from Lolita's view, but it was largely criticized in that it only re-told the story, and it didn't take into account that H.H. was a Unreliable Narrator.
- The Doctor Who Expanded Universe novel Who Killed Kennedy examines the myriad alien invasions and whatnot of the Third Doctor era (1970-1974) of Doctor Who on television from the perspective of a New Zealander journalist named James Stevens who is trying to expose a secret organisation called UNIT and its "Doctor" agents. Stevens is the protagonist while the Doctor himself is barely featured at all, though he is mentioned throughout.
- Harry Turtledove's "The Horse of Bronze" is the Centauromachy from the perspective of the centaurs.
- Mercedes Lackey's The Black Swan is Swan Lake from Odile's point of view.
- 'Flipped' by Wendelin Van Draanen is a book about, basically, preteen romance, starting from when the characters were 5. The book is told in two perspectives - that of Bruce's, and that of Julianna's. The two perpectives are distinct in speaking style (and it kinda helps that the fonts are different too).
- Matthew Stover's Jericho Moon is an account of a Hebrew attack on the city that would become Jerusalem, as told by the defenders of its Canaanite inhabitants.
- Millicent Min Girl Genius has two. Stanford Wong Flunks Big Time and So Totally Emily Evers, following the perspective of her tutoree and friend respectively.
- His Dark Materials, while at first appearing to be a fairly classic fantasy romp, turns into a perspective flip on The Bible. God's really a cruel dictator (or perhaps innocent wimp being controlled by more powerful angels) who are trying to stop freedom and knowledge. The serpent was never really a serpent, but 'dust', matter which had gained consciousness and is helping other beings learn more about the universe.
- While most series about school show the Alpha Bitch and her Girl Posse as the villains, The Clique does the opposite, and makes them the main characters. This could be interesting done well, but it's not. It paints these horrible, spoiled brats in a positive light. (it's also very, very blatant Wish Fulfillment for the author.) Needless to say, bullying victims aren't fans, especially in recent times.
- At one point, Stephanie Meyer was to have written a book called Midnight Sun in which the events of Twilight would have been seen through the eyes of Edward Cullen. However, when the unfinished portion of the book got leaked, Meyer rage-quit.
- How To Train Your Viking, a Spin-Off within the How to Train Your Dragon series telling of a certain collection of events from Toothless' point of view.
- In the Professor Moriarty series by Michael Kurland, beginning with The Infernal Device, Moriarty is portrayed as a long-suffering antihero/hero who patiently endures Holmes' delusions about the extent of his "criminal empire".
- The Witch World anthology Tales of the Witch World begins with Andre Norton's "The Shaping of Ulm's Heir"; it is immediately followed by Robert Bloch's "Heir Apparent", in which the same story is retold by one of the antagonists, who naturally gives it a different slant.
- Peter Watts' story "The Things" is the film The Thing (1982) from the creature's point of view.
- The climactic baseball game at the end of Left-Handed Shortstop by Patricia Reilly Giff is retold from the title character's perspective at the beginning of Rat Teeth.
- Mary Stolz's book The Bully of Barkham Street is a retelling of her earlier A Dog on Barkham Street, but from the antagonist's point of view.
- Paradise Lost retells the Bible with Satan as a fairly sympathetic character.
- Arturo Pérez-Reverte created Alatriste because he got tired of reading French and English language swashbucklers where Spaniards only ever appeared as the villains.
- The Wolf Hall trilogy is the ever-familiar story of Henry VIII's wives, told from the point of view of his infamous adviser Thomas Cromwell... or not so infamous, perhaps. One of the books' major themes is that working for Henry inevitably involves kill-or-be-killed, and from Cromwell's view, future Saint Thomas More is a Holier Than Thou man who ruthlessly persecutes heretics rather than "a man for all seasons."
- Part of A Frozen Heart is from the perspective of the villain of Frozen Hans.
- Wings of Fire is a perspective flip on traditional tales featuring dragons. The main characters are all dragons who view humans as weak, dumb things that are mainly just good for a snack.
- The Pulitzer Prize-winning novel March tells the story of the father from Little Women - in this book, he is a flawed individual, far from the saintly patriarch that Alcott wrote him as.
- The Warrior Cats series does this a few times: Bluestar's Prophecy, Crookedstar's Promise, Yellowfang's Secret, and Tallstar's Revenge all take place during roughly the same time frame, so there are several scenes seen from different points of view - for instance during battles, the cats who are launching a necessary preemptive attack in one book are seen as vicious invaders in the other. Later novellas repeat previous scenes in similar ways, and Battles of the Clans even has twin stories in it that show the aftermath of the same battle in two different Clans, to show that each battle fought has an impact on everyone involved and even on the future of each Clan.
Live Action TV
- Some of the events depicted from Spike's perspective in the Buffy the Vampire Slayer episode "Fool For Love" are depicted from Darla's in the Angel episode "Darla". It is not quite an example of The Rashomon (as everything displayed is internally consistent), but knowledge from one can change the interpretation of the other.
- In Dollhouse we originally believed from Bennett's memories that Caroline coldly left her trapped with a block of concrete on her arm after an explosion they caused in a lab. We later learn in a flashback that Caroline only left her because the police were coming and she didn't want Bennett connected with her and getting arrested.
- The Merlin (1998) miniseries, starring Sam Neill in the title role, retells King Arthur from the perspective of the wizard Merlin.
- How I Met Your Mother
- One episode has Ted and Barney at a club taking Refuge in Audacity, pushing karma to the limit to see if doing bad gets good results (for the most part, it does). In the morning, just as Ted is set to start bragging to Marshall, Marshall reveals that Ted butt-dialed him seventeen times, and the significant events of the night before are shown from a different perspective. Rather than being audacious and charismatic, Ted was a Jerk Ass thief who nearly knowingly had sex with a married woman. Ted felt shame and Marshall scorned him.
- Barney reveals that he always roots for the villain of a movie and that he cries when said villain dies at the end.
(Talking about the first Terminator movie): Who of us didn't shed a tear when his little red eye went dark and he didn't get to kill these people?
- The episode "The Wedding Bride" features the movie, written by the husband of one of Ted's ex-girlfriends and based on their relationship, with the Ted character depicted as a bumbling jerkass.
- In the episode How Your Mother Met Me Future Ted recounts how he and The Mother barely crossed paths in some essential moments in each others' lives.
- The new Doctor Who introduced a type of episode known as the Doctor-lite, with "Love & Monsters'", "Blink", and "Turn Left" each focusing on a different character. The characters are regular people who chance upon the Doctor in "Love & Monsters" and "Blink", while "Turn Left" focuses on then companion Donna Noble.
The TARDIS: I wanted to see the universe, so I stole a Time Lord and I ran away. And you were the only one mad enough.
- Skipped over for Season 5, but seems to make a comeback in Season 6 with "The Girl Who Waited" which largely focuses on Amy and Rory. (The Doctor is still around but is bound to the TARDIS.)
- The first episode of the revival is from the perspective of Rose Tyler.
- "The Doctor's Wife" does this with the Doctor's well-worn origin story of stealing an antique time machine and using it to run away from Gallifrey and explore the universe. As it turns out, the TARDIS was bored and wanted to travel, so she purposely left her doors unlocked for the Doctor so that he could steal her.
The Doctor (upon realizing who she is): My TARDIS??The TARDIS (reprovingly): My Doctor!—The TARDIS: The first time you touched my console, you said —
- The possessives of her and the Doctor's relationship are also flipped:
The Doctor: I said you were the most beautiful thing I had ever known.
The TARDIS: Then you stole me. And I stole you.
The Doctor: I borrowed you...
The TARDIS: "Borrowing" implies the eventual intention to return the thing that was taken. What makes you think I would ever give you back?
- Not exactly a villain-hero flip, but the NFL Network did it with their America's Game: The Super Bowl Champions series that tells the stories of teams that won the Super Bowl. The spin-off Missing Rings tells the story of the teams that lost them.
- Cobra Kai: A good part of the series focuses on Johnny Lawrence, the antagonist from The Karate Kid, and the audience gets to learn more about his background and how he saw the events of that film. It turns out that rather than being some spoiled jerkass high school bully, Johnny was actually a troubled youth who, while privileged materially, faced daily verbal abuse from his stepfather that scarred him emotionally. He joined the Cobra Kai dojo when he was younger as an escape and the knowledge, skills, respect and social acceptance he gained caused him to see Kreese as a surrogate father. As he entered high school, he started dating Ali and, despite some somewhat boorish behavior, he did genuinely love her and wanted to patch things up after their big fight before his senior year. Then Daniel LaRusso moved to town and, while Daniel saw him as The Bully, Johnny saw him as the cocky new kid making moves on the girl he loved and he just wanted LaRusso to back off. Once the tournament came and was done, Johnny lost Ali, had to suffer being nearly strangled to death by his father figure, and, upon leaving Cobra Kai, lost the one thing in his life that gave him meaning, sending him on a downward spiral to the his present day status as a snakebitten handy man.
- A rare non-narrative example: Liz Phair's Exile in Guyville was intended as a song-by-song reply to the Rolling Stones' Exile On Main St..
- Blind Guardian seems fond of this trope, for example "Mordred's Song".
- Demons & Wizards has "Winter of Souls", which is from Mordred's POV; "Crimson King," which is from the Crimson King's POV; "Terror Train" from Blaine the Mono's POV; and "The Whistler" from the Pied Piper's POV. Though, despite the title, "Crimson King" focuses more on Flagg.
- There was a famous Venezuelan song, "Viajando en el bus" ("Traveling by bus"), where the singer tells the tale of a long bus travel he did, during which he engaged in a conversation with the hot girl in the next seat; the conversation soon turns seductive, with the girl practically trowing at him, until four of his kids and their mom (his ex-wife) board the same bus and bust all the things he said to her. Some years later another singer released a reply song to the same melody, "La chica del bus" (The girl from the bus), from the perspective of the girl; she accuses the man of being ever more misleading than what he admitted, mishearing whatever she said to him, and showing herself as the true victim of his seductive actions.
- Frankee's "F.U.R.B." is an "Answer Song" to Eamon's "F—- it (I Don't Want You Back)".
- The album Strange Little Girls by Tori Amos features this trope. She does covers of songs and flips the view to that of the girl. An example would be Eminem's "97' Bonnie and Clyde" song, which she redid from the mother's POV—by only slightly changing the lyrics and adding creepy background music.
- In 1984, rap group U.T.F.O. released a song about a girl who ignored their advances called "Roxanne, Roxanne." This song was soon followed by "Roxanne's Revenge," an answer song by seminal female rapper Roxanne Shanté told from the female's point of view. This song spawned a well-known answer song by The Real Roxanne, not to mention a slew of other lesser known tracks from artists posing as Roxanne's brothers, sister and even parents, each one telling their "side" of the story.
- U.T.F.O. and Roxanne Shanté later went on tour together, rap battling each other based on these songs.
- Taylor Swift wrote Enchanted about meeting a guy at a party. Owl City did a cover of that song, revealing that he was the one for whom she wrote the song. Except, of course, the cover was Flipped. He did a really nice job, too.
- The song "Little Red Riding Hood" by Sam The Sham And The Pharoahs not only shows the tale from the perspective of the wolf, but also reveals that he only wants to love and protect her.
Little Red Riding Hood,I'd like to hold you if I could.But you might think I'm a big bad wolf, so I won't.What a big heart I have,Little Red Riding Hood,
- The They Might Be Giants song "The Lady and the Tiger" is a take on Frank R. Stockton's classic short story "The Lady or the Tiger" from the perspective of the two characters, who are worried less about the possible consequences for the story's protagonists and more about how no one will ever open either door and let them out. Also, the lady has Eye Beams.
- The song "Sadie's Song" by Adrienne Young is a retelling of the traditional murder ballad "Little Sadie" from the perspective of the victim instead of the killer.
- A Vocaloid song, The Drawing Book and Mary, takes the game Ib and shows it from the point of view of Mary, focusing on her loneliness.
- In 1978, Shel Silverstein wrote "Father of a Boy Named Sue", which claims the confrontation didn't go exactly the way Sue suggested in Silverstein's earlier song.
- This happens within at least a couple of Iron Maiden songs: "Run To The Hills", where the first verse is told from the viewpoint of the native American tribes and the rest of the song is from the viewpoint of the settlers. "22 Acacia Avenue" shifts back and forth between the idealistic view of a pimp, and the cynical view of either a police officer or a concerned friend.
- Several songs from Honey Works' Confession Executive Committee ~Love Series~ have an -another story- version, where the events of that particular song are retold from the viewpoint of another character. Usually, the character would be the original singer's Love Interest, and reveals their thoughts on the events and the person.
- In a cross with The Cover Changes the Gender, Lena Katina covered Owl City's "Deer In The Headlights", which now is told by the girl rejecting the Casanova Wannabe.
- Also in a cross with The Cover Changes the Gender, Twisted Sister's version of "Leader of the Pack" by The Shangri-Las puts the story in the role of the leader, Jimmy, in the traditional Star-Crossed Lovers way, while putting the twist on the ending with the Spared/Death by Adaptation bit.
- "Medusa" by Heather Dale is about the mythological villain Medusa. She was born the way she looked and became evil due to the scorn of other's:
Damn 'em all— I create my own perfection
Damn 'em all— in the face of their rejection
Damn 'em all— well, this dog will have its day
My garden's full of pretty men who couldn't stay away
- Sometimes the Irish folk song "I Never Will Marry" is from the POV of a man (usually a lover) who either saw a woman commit suicide by sea or knew a woman who did. At other times, the singer is the woman herself, while other versions have it be about two women, or two men.
- Heather Alexander's "Black Jack Flip" is based on the folk song "The Raggle Taggle Gypsy", which is about a rich woman who runs off with a Hot Gypsy Man. "Black Jack Flip" is about how the woman was dumped by Black Jack Davy the morning afterwards and how she's absolutely pissed.
- This one is a bit odd in that the original ends with all the gypsies dead and the lady a prisoner in her husband's home, although many covers omit the last verse.
Mythology and Religion
- Gnosticism contains many perspective flips of the Old Testament and Western Christianity. Yahweh is a tinpot cosmic dictator, the Serpent of Eden was a dispenser of wisdom, angels are violent Lovecraftian monsters, and the world is a transparent prison God uses to keep his human betters enslaved and confused.
- The Shin Megami Tensei games seem to love this perspective.
- By the way, the whole "angels are Lovecraftian monsters" thing isn't the perspective flip; just the fact that they're untamed forces of nature rather than the good guys. Seriously, read some Old Testament/Torah/Kabbalistic descriptions of Seraphim, Cherubs, etc...
- Romans co-opted a lot of Greek Mythology, but changed it according to their own unique values and biases:
- The two gods of war. Greeks preferred Athena for representing tactics and cunning, while Ares was associated with carnage and slaughter. When the militaristic Romans aligned myths about Ares to their god Mars (believed to be the father of their founder Romulus), they dropped all the stigma and made him second in importance only to Jupiter.
- Greeks considered Odysseus as one of their distinctive heroes for his shrewdness. On the other hand, Romans preferred a more straightforward philosphy to soldiering, and considered Ulysses (Odysseus) an amoral Dirty Coward. This characterization is aided by the fact that Romans believed their forefather being exiled Trojans, making Ulysses an ancient nemesis.
- To the Greeks, Aphrodite is merely the goddess of beauty, love, sex and procreation, who causes trouble whenever she goes due being a spoiled brat. The Roman equivalent Venus is a much wiser, kinder and even motherly goddess who tempers the fiery personalities of her male counterparts Mars and Vulcan, and whose portfolio also includes such things as purification (both in spiritual and even physical sense), success in politics and life, freedom of former slaves, and even victory in battle and a universal creative force. To the Romans, the leader of their forefathers was Venus' own son Aeneas.
- This flip of two recurring Chick Tracts characters is genius.
- Brace yourselves, for there exists a Perspective Flip... of Pac-Man. Just... just watch.
- And another.
- This Cracked article shows us why the good witch is not as good as she first seemed.
- Parodied by The Onion: "New Titanic Film Told from Iceberg's Point of View"
- The Dover Bitch by Anthony Evan Hecht is a response to Dover Beach by Matthew Anthony, describing the feelings of the girl the poem is addressed to.
- The Fat Lady Answers by G. K. Chesterton is a response to Francis Conford's To A Fat Lady Seen From A Train, in which the lady specifically takes offence at "fat white woman whom nobody loves".
- Richard Howard's poem "Nikolaus Mardruz to his Master Ferdinand, Count of Tyrol, 1565" is a sequel to the 19th century poet Robert Browning's "My Last Duchess". "My Last Duchess", narrated by the Duke to an unspeaking listener (Mardruz), sees the egotistical Duke show off his palace and a portrait of his last wife, whom he is strongly implied to have killed, all the while working with the listener to arrange a new marriage. Howard's poem is Mardruz's take on the entire conversation, as well as detailing his subsequent actions. The poem is a brilliant evisceration of the Duke's pretensions.
- The Stanley Baxter's Playhouse episode Meg's Tale is Tam O'Shanter from the perspective of the young witch, who's trying to tell Robert Burns what really happened, only to find he's not interested.
- Scion: Ragnarok includes a perspective flip of the chaining of the Fenris Wolf.
When the Gods tricked and bound me, Tyr looked me in the eye and smiled as he placed his hand in my mouth. He was the only God I trusted, and he lied to me. He betrayed me. So... why is he now God of Justice?
- Note that in context, the players are given a chance to answer this question, and Fenris will accept good answers.
- Continuum has the supplement Narcissist: Crash Free. In Continuum, Narcissists are the villains of the setting, fools and madmen who imperil the Continuum's future society with their attempts to alter history to reflect their selfish desires. In Narcissist, "crashers" (as they prefer to be called) are La Résistance, bravely standing against the Swarm (their term for the Continuum), a soulless and regimented Dystopia that refuses to use its technology to Set Right What Once Went Wrong.
- Mage: The Ascension has Guide to the Technocracy, a sourcebook for running Technocrats as fully-detailed PCs and expanding on both the pro-active and reactive sides of their agenda. It's followed up by the Revised Convention Books, each spotlighting one of the groups that comprise the Technocracy. (The original Convention books weren't this, being written from the perspective of the Technocracy being villains.)
- Rosencrantz and Guildenstern Are Dead is a perspective flip of Hamlet, although rather than telling it from the villains' point of view, it is retold from the point of view of two characters so insignificant Laurence Olivier didn't include them in his adaptation.
- The musical Elisabeth does this to a degree: the title character isn't entirely villianified but she (as well as some other traditional nice guys) are far more flawed than the usual "warm-hearted innocent young beauty" image which looks like she stepped straight out of a Disney movie. (Best example: the incredibly sugary Sissi movies.)
- In Hamilton, the first meeting between Hamilton and his future wife Eliza Schuyler is described in two songs - "Helpless", sung by Eliza, and "Satisfied", sung by her older sister Angelica. Eliza recounts the meeting in a decidedly romantic way (there's her instant infatuation with Hamilton and his insistent courtship of her) - but Angelica later says that she sacrificed her feelings for Eliza's benefit, and that the penniless Hamilton was interested in the Schuylers' money and would have been content with marrying any of the sisters.
- Most songs are shown from Hamilton's perspective, except for "The Room Where It Happens", which describes a meeting with Hamilton, Jefferson, and Madison where they trade financial control for the location of the US capital. Because the exact details of the meeting aren't known, Lin-Manuel Miranda writes the song from Burr's perspective, who desperately wants to be a part of the action but is excluded. Because of this, Hamilton is shown in a much more villainous light here.
- In the theatrical version of Evita the song "Another Suitcase In Another Hall" is sung by the woman whom Eva has just supplanted as Juan Peron's mistress, and serves as a perspective flip in which we suddenly see the effects of Evita's triumphant progress on someone else, for whom it resulted in defeat not triumph.
- Jacob Marley's Christmas Carol shows the entire story of A Christmas Carol through Marley's POV.
- Like the literature example, Wicked is the story of the Wicked Witch of the West, here named Elphaba. The first act represents the events early in Elphaba's life, where she was roommates with the Good Witch Glinda (then calling herself Galinda). The second act largely covers the events of the film, but with the context of the first act added: the Wicked Witch of the East (and Elphaba's sister), Nessarose, turned her lover Boq to tin and removed his heart to prevent him from leaving her, thus turning him into the Tin Man. Glinda's husband Fiyero confesses his love for Elphaba and is taken away to be tortured for consorting with an enemy of Oz; Elphaba is only able to save his life by casting a spell that turns him to hay, which cannot be killed, thus making him the Scarecrow. The Cowardly Lion is a lab animal that Elphaba and Glinda freed back in Act I, which Boq/the Tin Man claims made him cowardly and unable to make his own decisions. The Witch Hunt for Elphaba was orchestrated not by Glinda but the Wizard and his right-hand women, Madame Morrible, who also caused the tornado that brought Dorothy and Toto to Oz in the first place. In the end, Elphaba and Glinda reconcile their differences, and Elphaba pretends to melt when touched by water with the help of Fiyero/the Scarecrow so that the pair can escape.
- Into the Woods shows several fairy tales (Little Red Riding Hood, Cinderlla, Jack and The Beakstalk, and Rapunzel) from the perspective of two ordinary villagers - a Baker and his wife - who were cursed by the witch living next door. As it turns out, an extraordinary amount of each tale were caused by interactions with characters from the others (primarily the Baker and his wife trying to break the curse) - just to name a few, the items required to break the curse were a Red Cloak, Golden Slipper, White Cow, and Corn-Yellow Hair.
- Attack of the Earthlings presents an Alien Invasion scenario where the player takes the role of an alien matriarch leading a bunch of toothy, chittering horrors to drive a bumbling human energy corporation off her homeworld. It's Played for Laughs.
- Bravely Default loves this trope. You are a group of heroes, journeying with a young beautiful priestess, protecting her from harm and bringing light to the world, while fighting off the corrupt and morally black evil empire... actually, she's the misguided priestess of a corrupt faith, and the light you are bringing is being harnessed by the antagonists to blast through the dimensions in order to invade our world, and the bringing of the light is what's causing the next world's light loss in the first place, the villains while screwy are well intentioned extremists, while you're the unassuming instigators of doom, and it ends up being a Grey and Gray Morality with you being the darker of the greys.
- Two Star Wars games have given the players exclusively Imperial campaigns: TIE Fighter and Battlefront II (2005). Battlefront in particular, while it might not make the Empire as a whole look much better, certainly paints the Stormtroopers as sympathetic instead of the faceless evil minions they've become known as.
- Half-Life: Opposing Force had the player taking the role of Corporal Adrian Shephard, one of the soldiers who in the original title are supposed to silence the witnesses (including Player Character). However, playing as Shephard makes you realise that the enemy soldiers are just as confused and frightened by the horrific events as Gordon was. In another expansion the Player Character is a Red Shirt security guy trying to get out in one piece.
- Fan mods from DAVLevels continue the idea: Azure Sheep about another security guy trying to save his girlfriend's and his own butt and Point of View about a variant alien slave. The latter ends up picked up by the former two in the final cutscenes, thus linking the stories and correctly guessing (or suggesting?) Vortigaunts' allegiance flip in the sequel.
- The game of the first Spider-Man movie had a cheat which allowed you to play as the Green Goblin, the main antagonist. The level design remained the same, but dialogue and monologuing changed to explain the sudden perspective shift.
- It wasn't a true Perspective Flip, however: the playable Goblin is Harry Osborn, trying to figure out what happened to his father, and he's menaced by a second Goblin (who has a strange voice).
- In Halo, the second game does this with the Arbiter, the guy who led the charge to destroy Reach (which, incidentally, you see in action in Halo: Reach), killing most of the Spartans and millions of humans. He was also the leader of the forces you fought against in the original Halo: Combat Evolved. Now, however, he becomes a Player Character and his story takes up half the game, taking him through the paces of Heel Realization until he realizes that his leaders have been deceiving him and his kind all along. Turns out he was a good guy fighting for the wrong side all along.
- In Fate/stay night once Rider's identity has been revealed, the story gives her character a rather different interpretation of the general one. Specifically, instead of just a random monster, she was basically just some woman with eyes of petrification and two sisters that people kept trying to kill. Every time they did so, she would kill them instead. Eventually, the strain of Breaker Gorgon set in and she turned genuinely monstrous and Perseus came to kill her. Her rather crappy original life led her to feeling a great deal of kinship with Sakura and is the source of her undying loyalty to her.
- Final Fantasy Tactics does this in-universe. The game explains what really happened and how the villainous heretic Ramza is actually the hero.
- Front Mission exhibits a perspective flip in the purest sense of the trope: The protagonist unit, Carrion Crow, is on five missions of "war against terror" only to learn the truth afterward and defect to the rebels (some sooner than others).
- The technically called "terrorists" were wrongly suspected of being dangerous terrorist savages by the peacemakers. Truth is, the good guys were actually the "terrorists"; the villains were the production company that the ignorant peacemakers were defending.
- In the Interactive Fiction piece Alabaster, you are the Huntsman from "Snow White", leading her into the woods to do the whole heart-swapping business. Also, the King, who voluntarily erased his memory.
- Kingdom Hearts: Birth by Sleep contains the scenarios of Terra, Ven, and Aqua. To complete the entire game, you must complete each of their scenarios. Playing only one can lead the player to be biased to the current character, since many things are going on at once; for example, Ven and Aqua will perceive Terra as willingly subjecting himself to the darkness. The game also does a nice job in that, even though the scenarios of the three will overlap sometimes, the cutscenes will be in the general camera perspective of the character you are currently playing as.
- Blizzard's strategy games starting from StarCraft are notably different from most RTS's, in that instead of mutually exclusive campaigns they incorporate the advances of all sides of conflict into a single storyline, often allowing a different look at the same events.
- Command & Conquer: Tiberian Series uses this occasionally. In Tiberian Sun: Firestorm the GDI and Nod scenarios are separate but both intertwine in the end. Then in Tiberian Wars, it shows the perspectives of GDI, Nod and the Scrin, and how they affect one another.
- Battle Zone 1998 features two campaigns, NSDF (American) and CCA (USSR), running at roughly the same time as both sides prowl the Solar System during the Space Race looking for Bio Metal. The NSDF campaign features Grizzly One and his squadron they uncover the secrets of Biometal whilst fighting off the Soviets, whereas the shorter but much harder CCA campaign has the largely featureless "Comrade" and his army as they try to stay ahead of the Americans by fighting the brutal NSDF Black Dog squadron and ultimately releasing some Sealed Evil in a Can; their campaign ends at the same time the CCA remnants join forces with the NSDF in their campaign to fight off said sealed evil.
- In Fleuret Blanc, Squeaker's Twice Told Tales usually involve this, such as telling The Beauty And The Beast from the perspective of the servants, or Cinderella from the perspective of the prince's family. This is usually done to reframe the story around Fleuret Blanc's Central Theme of materialism.
- In Boss Rush, you play as several archetypical Shoot 'em Up bosses, destroying rebel/human fighters, including:
- The Tonbogiri, flagship of The Empire.
- The Drone Unit Antonius, a private warship for sell to the highest bidder.
- The Bio-Craft Nidhoggr, mount of the space-barbarians' Warleader.
- The Genesis Ark Omega, a mysterious alien starship which is actually carrying an Eldritch Abomination to a suitable new home.
- The Unknown, which appears to be a giant flying ? and uses attacks themed after non-letter keyboard characters.
- The Phenomenon Cloud Nine, which can only be played by "donating" $5 to the game.
- A couple of fan-made scenarios for Plague Inc: Evolved, referred as "Antiplague", consist in fighting the pandemic by enforcing measures which either slow down the plague or speed up the research of the cure; the victory condition is to complete the cure.note
- Shining Wind has Kiriya as the protagonist of the game where he can draw swords out of people's chests (they just need to shine and he doesn't even need to physically touch them). Souma is a major character of the game whose entire shtick is to try and stop the civil war from erupting or stopping it completely. If players want to know more about Souma and his perspective, then they would have to watch the anime Shining Tears X Wind where it explains what Souma has been up to behind the scenes.
- Wolfenstein II: The New Colossus features a fully-featured port of Wolfenstein 3D as a mini-game, but with a twist; titled "Wolfstone 3D", the story is changed so instead of B.J. Blazkowicz fighting through Nazis to kill Hitler, players take on the role of Elite Hans fighting through Kreisau rebels to kill "Terror Billy".
- Hydrocity Zone Act 1's midboss in Sonic Mania involves the Waterspout machine boss of Hydrocity Zone Act 2 from Sonic 3 & Knuckles. Except this time, you are the one piloting it, and have to suck up Eggman into the propeller blades much like how he would try to do the same to you in Sonic 3.
- The Flash animation Ganon Knows Best features a heroic Ganondorf, an evil Link, and Ganondorf's son...Captain Popo Falcon.
- Bowser's Kingdom stars Hal the Koopa and Jeff the Goomba and their attempts at a dishonest living.
- The Star Wars fan film TIE Fighter Short Film depicts a space battle between The Empire and the Rebel Alliance from the Imperial pilots' perspective, humanising them considerably compared to the source material.
- In Gunnerkrigg Court, the protagonists meet Basil the Minotaur, a kind (though easily startled) soul whose birthday party was once ruined by drunk jerk named Theseus. Antimony realizes that the Greek myth of Theseus and the Minotaur as we know it was "borne of the constant retelling and misinterpretation of [this] simple story."
- The Order of the Stick prequel book Start of Darkness contains elements of this trope for both the actual webcomic and Dungeons & Dragons with regard to goblinoid races, most notably in the opening scenes in which a village of goblins is slaughtered-women and children included-by the Paladins of the Sapphire Guard, for the most part heroic supporting characters in the comic strip. It subverts the trope with Xykon, however, by making it clear that even when his story is told from the very beginning, there's really no way of making him a sympathetic character.note
- Nerf NOW!! shows Link and fairies. This time it's not enemies turned nice, but the protagonist turned monstrous. What with stores buying captured fairies and all. Readers' comments approve:
- Actually used in Whateley Universe, both with classical tales (As the Wiki states), and with actual Whateley stories. The Jadis focus story and the Jobe focus story overlap, one Chou story and Ayla story have the same incident from two different perspectives. Also overlaps with The Rashomon. In a twist, however, the villain stories USUALLY subvert the idea, keeping the villains 'bad guys'.
- In this Ask MetaFilter thread, participants discuss and debate the many crimes possibly committed by Ferris Bueller et al. on their day off.
- This guest strip for Dinosaur Comics, by the author of The Adventures of Dr. McNinja.
- Dr. Horrible's Sing-Along Blog: Somewhat of a deconstruction of heroic/villainous stereotypes.
- A number of stories on Not Always Working read like Not Always Right stories if the customer's grievances were legitimate.
- Noob: La Quête Légendaire has short feature that is basically the movie from the point of view of the villain of the in-game plot. The plot of the movie is that the villain, who's controlled by a human player, has basically turned the fictional MMORPG in which the story is set into a Race Against the Clock in which a group of players need to obtain a special set of weapons and fight him to stop The End of the World as We Know It. However, the players who actually do the questline end up being very secretive about it to avoid it being taken away by the game's elite when most people would be boasting about it. In the bonus short feature, not getting any news about anyone doing the quest gives the guy that started it all the impression that the entire player community is having a While Rome Burns attitude and is bored out of his mind while waiting for someone to come fight him. The only things that interrupts his boredom are other players passing by his location by chance, all of them either having helped with his questline at some point without knowing or being in on the secret and keeping their mouth shut for obvious reasons.
- Two Looney Tunes cartoons, The Trial of Mr. Wolf and The Turn-Tale Wolf, retold the fairy tales of "Little Red Riding Hood" and "The Three Little Pigs" respectively, from the wolf's point of view. In both cases, the wolf turns out to be an Unreliable Narrator.
- Batman: The Animated Series:
- "Joker's Favor": Classic Super Hero tale from the point of view of the Everyman citizen Holding Out for a Hero that has aroused the wrath of the Super Villain and must become an Action Survivor.
- "The Man Who Killed Batman": Classic Super Hero tale, now from the point of view of the lowly Mooks that must endure the Mook Horror Show the Terror Hero Batman give them.
- "Showdown": Classic Super Hero tale that seems to be Another Side, Another Story from the point of view of the Hero of Another Story, but the Twist Ending reveals a reminiscence of an early Villain Episode.
- There is a hilarious Soviet cartoon called The Very Blue Beard, where Bluebeard tells his side of the story to an investigator. His wives, it appears, were... well, sorry, dear, it just happened like that.