Harem is a genre/plot frame that is mostly present in the Japanese media of Anime, Manga, Light Novels
, Visual Novels
, and Video Games
It normally takes place in a High School
setting, with one male lead, and at least three, often a lot more, girls who are romantically interested in him, or at the very least are bound by circumstances to live with him. Gender Inverted Examples
also exist. Usually, each girl personifies a single classic characterization archetype.
The protagonist either takes it as an Unwanted Harem
, or reacts as a Harem Seeker
, or Oblivious to Love
Works where a Harem Genre set-up is put in front of other relationship dynamics, and the plot is written with the intention to keep the "race" for the male protagonist's heart as tied as possible, are known as the Balanced Harem
In other cases, when a work uses this genre together with a more traditional Romantic Comedy Official Couple
relationship, that is called the Supporting Harem
Many of these works are also shared with the Ecchi
genre, as it is harder to find a Harem
story that isn't filled with gratuitous Fanservice
than one that is.
Contrast Royal Harem
, which is about the literal, traditional sort of harem as found in a royal palace.
Harem genre tropes:
Common character types for the Harem members:
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Examples of works in the Harem genre:
Anime and Manga
- Shitsurakuen gives us an example. Unusual in that the harem and the one seeking it are both female.
- Tenchi Muyo!!
- Ranma ½
- Akane is an inverted example while Ranma has two - one as a male and one as a female.
- Rosario + Vampire
- El-Hazard: The Magnificent World
- Sakura Taisen, naturally, as it's based on a game that is partially a Dating Sim. Therefore we have Sakura, Maria, Kouran, Sumire, Kanna and Orihime, and Leni and Iris are too young but seem to be net in line.
- The main character of Love Hina, Keitaro, is living in an all-girls inn and by the end of the series he had attracted a Tsundere, a Shrinking Violet, a Genki Girl/Wrench Wench/ Princess, a Hard-Drinking Party Girl, a Kid Samurai, a Cloud Cuckoo Lander/ Unlucky Childhood Friend, his adopted sister, and a Bratty Half-Pint... maybe. In an unusual twist, they suggest he Marry Them All but he refuses and marries his Victorious Childhood Friend
- Mahou Sensei Negima!, being created by the same author as the above example, started with this genre at first, involving a 10-year-old Kid Genius and his all-female class of 31 girls. Then it took a massive Genre Shift midway into the second major arc, but reverted back (sort of) to this genre in the closing chapters.
- A Certain Magical Index is rapidly turning into this, courtesy of its Oblivious to Love Chick Magnet Nice Guy hero, Kamijou Touma.
- The Haruhi Suzumiya anime/novels. An alien, an ESPer, a time traveller, and an unknowing goddess. Remember, this is a show that sinks its meathooks into any trope it can find and folds and spindles it to shreds...
- Code Geass: It seems like everyone in the series is in love with Lelouch. In the first season, Lelouch/Zero accumulates a rather large group of girls who have feelings for him, including C.C., Kallen, Shirley, Milly, Kaguya, and even his half-sister Euphemia. He just doesn't do anything about it, since for the most part he's too busy trying to overthrow the government to pursue romance. The staff has said that the second season will deal more with his romantic entanglements (and note that all this is ignoring the Brother-Sister Incest and Ho Yay-slash-Foe Yay ships with Nunnally and Suzaku, respectively, and a combination of both those tropes (though a downplayed one that doesn't get as much focus) with Schneizel, who refers to Lelouch as the "one he loved and feared the most").
- The second season seems to poke fun at this; as a result of his Ninja Maid running around in a Lelouch disguise and being generally nicer, Lelouch ends up scheduled to go on dates with no less than 108 girls. And there's Kaguya fantasizing about polyamory...
- And yes, the staff sort-of delivered it. Not only Rolo became a second Gay Option (who was all "Bitch, PLEASE!" at Sayoko for the 108 dates), but there is more focus on Lelouch's love life... Specially when it hit Fatal Attractor levels and later Suzaku manages to ensnare the position of The Dragon to Lelouch, with all the Ho Yay squeals it implies. See the entry.
- This was played with in one of the first season's audio dramas where Shirley considers asking him to go to a concert with her and imagines him revealing that he was in love with and getting married to Kallen, Nunnally, Suzaku, Milly, Rivalz, and even Arthur the cat in that order. At the end they all decide to share him and invite Shirley in on the action. Note that Nina was not in the fantasy and it was set only hours before the Table-Kun incident.
- Puri Puri (not to be confused with Princess Princess)
- Sekirei: The main character gets his harem by "Winging" the girls, meaning as he kisses them, they get wings. He's not the only one, and women are not the only ones who can get winged, but he's the main focus.
- In Dual! Parallel Trouble Adventure, Kazuki Yotsuga accumulates a harem made up of the Alpha Bitch, an alien Robot Girl, a sleepwalking ditz with a split personality who is also the daughter of the enemy leader (and the analogue of the Libby from a parallel universe), and an ex-Ace robot pilot who is also his homeroom teacher. In a clever subversion, the girls compete by cooking for him, rather than by blowing up things.
- Urusei Yatsura shows how this was already a cliche back in the 1980s — Ataru Moroboshi, who is actively trying to assemble a harem, repulses most girls and has to "settle" for the alien princess Lum, who lives in his closet and thinks they're married.
- A particularly interesting (and unusually non-romantic) variation on this trope can be found in the anime Sister Princess, in which a young man discovers that he has a baker's dozen half-sisters he never knew existed. Having grown up alone except for a few servants, he finds their slavish adoration of their "big brother" somewhat overwhelming, but grows to love and treasure them all.
- Girls Bravo.
- Infinite Stratos somewhat induces this by necessity: There's the eponymous Powered Armor that only girls can use, but for some reason, one guy is able to use it as well. He gets plunked in to a dedicated all-girls school to learn how to use the same.
- Kämpfer: Here the main guy turns into a girl thanks to a magical MacGuffin. Who's probably hotter than the rest of the main girls.
- Angel Tales features a harem of Magical Girlfriends.
- Similarly, UFO Princess Valkyrie features a harem of magical alien princesses.
- Magikano has a harem of Cute Witches.
- Yumeria has one of superheroines who have to touch the hero in order to power up.
- Saber Marionette J, in which the entire harem is made up of Robot Girls and one guy (on an all-male world, where this would be expected). In its various sequels, the one real girl in the entire world also apparently wants in on the harem.
- The same thing with Steel Angel Kurumi except for the spoiler detail.
- Mahoromatic, with Mahoro as the obvious winner and catalyst for the harem situation. Other competitors are the Triomatic (Rin, Miyuki, and Chizuko) and the very disturbing Ms. Shikijo.
- Hanaukyō Maid Tai.
- SHUFFLE!! sets up a contest of sorts for the lead's heart. There's remarkably little hostility between the competitors.
- Ai Yori Aoshi. In a surprising twist, the first girl has already won, long before anyone else gets a shot thanks to a Childhood Marriage Promise which she and Kaoru have kept for nearly two decades. The other haremettes are kept from becoming Pretty Freeloaders with help from Harem Nanny Miyabi, as they're called on to do housework whenever Aoi is unable to perform. Miyabi-san takes her job very seriously.
- The Wallflower has a rare male harem surrounding a girl.
- ...as does Ouran High School Host Club. She was popular with the girls at her own school, but for other reasons.
- and La Corda D'oro which has five boys interested in one girl.
- The manga Me And My Brothers, a non-romantic one.
- The manga Ai Kora (from the creator of Midori Days) plays with this: Hachibe Maeda, a guy with very particular tastes in women definitely wants the harem so long as they have exactly one of the attributes he's looking for in a girl: Tsubame-sensei, the Harem Nanny, has long, streamlined legs; Sakurako, the Tsundere, has big, blue eyes; Yukari, the Meganekko, has big, perky breasts like a bullet train; and Kirino, the Little Miss Snarker, has a husky voice. Later we meet Ayame, the Ojou, who has Maeda's ideal waist. This is taken to the extreme with Haiji, who has the ideal ass but is a guy. And a bisexual, no less.
- Midori Days also has harem elements. Seiji has horrible luck with girls until Midori shows up, at which point everyone seems to be after him (in the manga, this includes a guy).
- Elfen Lied uses the window dressing of the genre, with several strange girls inviting themselves to live at an Ordinary High-School Student's house and Hilarity Ensuing, but this is essentially a side story. The real story is high drama about the Dark Magical Girl Of Mass Destruction female lead, not a Romantic Comedy about her Unlucky Everydude love interest.
- Rune Soldier Louie looks like a Harem Anime at a glance — Louie does get unexpectedly involved with a bunch of beautiful women, after all — but it never really plays up any of the genre's tropes beyond Louie being stuck between Ila and Melissa (and Melissa doesn't even like him that much); Merill and Jeannie just treat him as a cool brotherly type/drinking partner. In any case, the action and comedy take precedence over the relationships.
- Athrun Zala from the series Gundam Seed Destiny has this. At its height, there are no less than four lovely young ladies vying for his attention in the series. Much wank has followed
- Most of the Neon Genesis Evangelion manga out there are high school romantic comedies with Asuka, Rei, and Kaworu lusting after Shinji.
- To Love-Ru - the sequel(following a Creator Breakdown) toLoveRU:Darkness has the rare Harem Seeker...who isn't the male lead.
- Omamori Himari
- Shin'ichiro of True Tears has three girls pining for him, though unlike most works of this genre, it's never played for laughs.
- After the Drama Bomb, Toradora! settles into this genre.
- The World God Only Knows is a rare example of the lead character working for his harem. It's still unwanted though: he's only doing it because he has an Explosive Leash forcing him to.
- According to an un-canon pre-anime sketch, this happens in Higurashi: When They Cry. After Keiichi goes even more bishonen than he already is, it's shown that Rena, Mion, Rika and Satoko all like him.
- It's a Drama CD, actually. Someone just drew pictures for it, and again, non-cannon. On the other hand, we have one of the Kira episodes that's a better example, with Shion, Rena, and Mion all out for Keiichi.
- Nadja Applefield (or better said, Nadja Preminger), from Ashita no Nadja is another of the female examples, having one of these (with four pre-teen boys and three guys in their mid-to-late teens) when she's just thirteen.
- Can't forget the lesbian Love Triangle in Kashimashi: Girl Meets Girl from which Hazumu has to choose either Yasuna or Tomari. In addition to that loads of other characters be they guys, girls, aliens, or family members all have a thing for Hazumu.
- Played with in the manga Otomari Honey, where we see the situation from the perspective of one of the haremettes - she goes to the house of a boy she has a crush on to ask if she can live with him to get away from her own home, only to find that he's already got three other girls with the same story living in his room.
- Prétear is a reverse-harem Magical Girl show where bishounen knights are the Transformation Trinkets.
- School Days is known for being one of the most brutal deconstructions this trope has ever known, especially in the anime and several endings of the visual novel. It seems like your average harem series at first, where the main character has an Ojou (Kotonoha), a Shorttank (Sekai), an Alpha Bitch who doubles as the Patient Childhood Love Interest (Otome), a Girl Next Door with Anime Hair (Hikari), and the Alpha Bitch's Girl Posse (Natsumi, Kumi and Minami) after him. Makoto, however, has become known as one of the biggest jerks of any male lead in the history of Harem stories, starting off more or less okay but soon beginning to screw any girl he can get and, unlike most of the above anime and mangas, we see the realistic consequences of this situation happening. And then go beyond it.
- Ichigo 100%: Manaka has a rather large group of different girls after him in Aya, Satsuki, Tsukasa, Kozue, and Yui
- Tomoki Sakurai from Heaven's Lost Property has a harem consisting of Ikaros (who still hasn't quite realised it), Nymph, Sohara, Hiyori, and possibly Astraea. However, he's way too busy thinking of perverted schemes and being a pervert to actually notice. Only Hiyori has confessed to him, and he's even stunned upon receiving her confession.
- Da Capo and its sequel.
- Iono the Fanatics, a Girls Love harem series featuring a horny queen on a quest to make her thousand-strong harem even larger.
- Hayate the Combat Butler, a strange combination of the guy being even more clueless than usual and the girls mostly being knowledgeable about and completely alright with competing for his affection between them. Several of them actually work very hard to get one of the other girls to win!
- Macademi Wasshoi, which features both the Unwanted Harem and a Harem Seeker.
- Gou-dere Bishoujo Nagihara Sora An Affectionate Parody of the genre where a manga character comes to the real world and declares that the protagonist should Take Over the World. Hilarity Ensues.
- Rappi Rangai.
- Boku wa Kisu de Uso wo Tsuku.
- Umi no Misaki.
- Seitokai no Ichizon. The male lead blatantly announces he is aiming for one to his female cast more than once. He's generally a nice and dependable guy and, in a way, it pays off by the end.
- High School D×D with the added twist that every girl in the harem is willing to share, but they're competing to see who's first place.
- The anime of Maji De Watashi Ni Koi Shinasai is a typical example, but the original Visual Novel isn't, as no more than two of them are really interested in Yamato at almost any given time, with one them always being Miyako.
- Final Approach.
- Asobi ni Iku yo!.
- Amaenaide yo!!.
- Kono Naka ni Hitori, Imouto ga Iru!
- Daily Life with Monster Girl adds a twist to this genre by making all the females some variation of a monster girl. So far there's a Lamia, Centaur, Harpy, a Slime girl a mermaid and an Arachne.
- Maga Tsuki.
- Riviera: The Promised Land pits you with 4 girls, each with their own ending, and the game provides another special ending that's really hard to get. Since this is a linear RPG, romance paths aren't really obvious.
- RPG Shooter: Starwish is a hybrid RPG shooter where the harem consists of 5 girls (only 4 are available at a time) and 2 guys, with a special ending if you can get all of the individual endings (and another one - featuring a fifth girl who was not previously in the story except for a few lines at the beginning, which the protagonist assumed was All Just a Dream - if you don't).
- Ar tonelico series is a RPG hybrid with Visual Novel element ib the form of Cosmos Sphere, focusing on romance developments between The Hero and two (later three) heroines. Ensemble Darkhorse Cocona not included.
- Dating Sim Tokimeki Memorial, as it can't fit in Visual Novel catagory because you actually need to build stats and managing dates on multiple girls at times to get one of loads and loads of girls without angering the rest and ruin your game.
- RPG Maker 2000 game Romancing Walker features a pretty boy hero and his six love interests.
- In Bully, the main character amasses himself a nice harem.
- In Scarface: The World is Yours Tony Montana can obtain a large collection of trophy girlfriends.
- Agarest Senki requires you to pick one girl out of three in each generation after you've spent some time with them. The system works similarly to Phantasy Star III's syetem. Rex, the final hero, however, can end up with one of any girl you've gotten in your party so far of the maximum number of nine in the Golden Ending.
- Any game created by Bioware has romance side-plots reguarding the player character. Most of the time it's just a love triangle, but the ammount of people your male/female Shepard can become interested by someone in Mass Effect 2 pretty much borderlines a harem.
- Hakuoro of Utawarerumono sleeps with six women throughout the game, five of whom love him. Kuuya, empress of the bunnypeople, also seems to love him and offers her best friend as a concubine without knowing quite what that means. Mikoto and possibly Mutsumi in the back story. Yet he's entirely oblivious of how most of them feel until the very end of the game, thinking of them as mostly friends/retainers and of the sex as being rather casual.
- Considering that he's the king, who also comes from modern society, where sex IS casual, and they live in a world which still has EMPERORS... it makes sense.
Many visual novel plots revolve around especially in eroge, but this trope isn't eroge exclusive.
- Tsukihime. Five girls with their own routes plus one without, having been Demoted to Extra. Most of them are quite violent about it too; Akiha flatly hates Ciel (who hates her back) and Arcueid (who doesn't seem to know what hate is) and those two have a 'weird friendship' that occasionally includes trying to kill each other. Akira is added in the first fandisc, Kagetsu Tohya seems to add Len considering she expresses a preference for having sex with him when making a contract and implies most of his classmates are attracted. Melty Blood adds Sion.
- Higurashi: When They Cry initially seems as though it'll be one of these, what with the main character, Keiichi, being in a Games Club consisting of only four girls and himself (later adding two more girls, Shion Sonozaki and Hanyuu), and the first parts of each arc focuses on their shenanigans. Soon, though, it's revealed that this series is about something else entirely. Not to mention that in the second half of the series the position of main character shifts to Rika instead of Keiichi. It's also worth noting that only Mion and possibly Rena are actually hinted to be in love with Keiichi in the series proper, since Shion is in love with someone else, Satoko and Rika are too young, and Hanyuu is a Physical God who was married and had a daughter when she was still human. In the end, none of the girls end up with Keiichi, since the series is ultimately not about romance but The Power of Friendship.
- Key Visual Arts' AIR, Kanon, and CLANNAD feature an ordinary (or not so ordinary) high school student who attracts girls of every moe and general description type into a long-running harem.
- Little Busters is interesting in that it's both more and less of a harem than the others - more because all of the routes happen canonically as different timelines, meaning that all of the girls fall for him within the same reality, rather than in alternate universes as with most Key games where often only one or two girls ever like the protagonist at the same time and because the first ending explicitly leaves open the question of who he ends up with, but also less because the anime removes all Riki/girl romance except implications that Kurugaya and Rin might like him, leaving only non-haremette Suginami explicitly, and unrequitedly, in love with him.