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- In Demon King Daimao, the government gives one of their agents the duty of arranging a marriage between Junko and Akuto.
- In Axis Powers Hetalia, it seems that Nations as People Lithuania and Poland were married via this, as a result of being the Anthropomorphic Personifications of two countries in a close alliance. Though at least they seem to sorta get along, and at the same time, Lithuania's boss Duke Wladislaw Jagello and Poland's boss Queen Jadwiga are going through their own BSM as well.
- Code Geass has a scene where, after rescuing Empress Tianzi from an unwanted Arranged Marriage and preventing a political alliance between Britannians and Chinese that would've ruined Lelouch/Zero's plans, Diethard floats the idea of marrying Tianzi and a high-ranked Black Knight. Lelouch is mentally considering that this isn't a bad idea before it's hilariously shot down by every woman in the Black Knights group before he can say anything.
- The entire point of Koi to Uso. The protagonist is assigned a marriage partner right after confessing to the girl he likes.
- Most of the plot of Twin Star Exorcists revolves around the Arranged Marriage between Rokuro and Benio. The reason is that an oracle predicted their child would be The Miko, the reincarnation of Abe No Seimei that would wipe out the impurities once and for all. The fact that all attempts during the previous thousand years ended up killed by said Impurities before they could have children shows pretty well that whoever decided it, they didn't really care for their safety.
- In the Psycho-Pass: The Movie movie, Akane discovers her old friend Kaori is getting married to a man that the Sibyl System has decided is a good match for her because its database indicates they have a high "Romantic Compatibility" score. And it is correct: she falls for him after their first few meetings.
- Yuki Yuna Is a Hero has a friendship variant. Flashbacks show that after Togo's first tour of duty as a Hero ended and she was released from the hospital, the Taisha deliberately arranged to have her family move next door to Yuna's family, because they knew Yuna had extremely high potential as another Hero and wanted the two girls to become friends.
- In the movie version of Harrison Bergeron, the government chooses spouses for people in order to increase the odds breeding average children.
- In the Don Knotts movie The Reluctant Astronaut, the titular character has a hastily arranged marriage so he and his bride can become the first married couple on the Moon.
- Implied in THX 1138 with the arranged "roommate".
- The plot of the 1930's sci-fi musical Just Imagine (well, that and a Swedish comedian who's a Fish Out of Temporal Water). The hero goes on an Interplanetary Voyage to Mars to prove himself worthy of his Love Interest whom the courts are going to marry off to his rival, judged as being more socially valuable.
- In the 1984 comedy Protocol, Goldie Hawn's character is offered as a wife to the emir of a small Middle Eastern nation of strategic importance to the United States. She's not aware of this, thinking only that she's going on a diplomatic visit, until she arrives and sees a mural of herself with the emir in wedding attire.
- Carry On Loving has a couple who match up people that either hate each other or have no chemistry whatsoever.
- There is an entire genre of Harry Potter fanfiction called the Marriage Law fic which centers around the Ministry forcing people to get married to a partner of the government's choosing in an effort to rebuild the population after the losses in the Voldemort war(s). This provides a way of forcing the start of a relationship between two parties who would not plausibly seek one with each other. There is also a subgenre in which one or more characters is horrified by either the law in general or their chosen partner in particular, and try to do something to get out of the marriage, usually either by marrying someone else before the law comes into effect, fleeing the country, or starting an outright rebellion.
- The Hunger Games fanfic series Five Loaves of Breadnote includes this. The Capitol arranges everything about its subjects' laws — where they live, where they work, and if and who they marry. It's technically possible to indicate a preference either way, but the the government is entirely free to ignore it when it suits them.
- In a rabbinic midrash, a Roman matron asks Rabbi Yose bar Halafta what God's been up to since He created the world in six days. He tells her that God's been making matches between people. The matron scornfully claims she can easily do the same thing, and lines up a thousand of her manservants facing a thousand of her maidservants, telling each pair they're to get married. The next day, all her servants come before her with serious injuries, each complaining about the one she matched them with. The matron admits to Rabbi Yose that arranging marriages on such a wide scale is indeed a job for God, not human beings.
- The Bene Gesserit from Dune arrange marriages for the members of their sisterhood, either to gain influence, cement political alliances, or aid in the breeding of the Kwisatz Haderach. Some of these marriages do turn out well. This is partly due to design: Bene Gesserit bred for this role are trained in the arts of seduction, so that the male partner is guaranteed to fall in love. It's just that sometimes, the Bene Gesserit falls in love, too.
- The most potent example would be the arranging of Paul and Irulan at the end of Dune, which drives a lot of the conflict of Dune Messiah since Irulan is somewhat in love, while Paul is in love with Chani. Irulan is also under a lot of pressure to produce an heir and prevent one being born through Chani.
- In David Weber's The War Gods series, the King of the Sothoii has the power to force marriages in cases of nobles who don't have a male heir. It's seen as a last resort, admittedly hard on only-daughters, but worth it in order to insure that the Kingdom isn't destabilized by having important lands and titles fall into dispute.
- In The Giver, all couples are arranged this way, although, in this case, some mention is made of how couples are arranged so that the people involved complement each other and work well together, though it's still loveless and sexless.
- All marriages in the Delirium Series are arranged by the government, because all people over the age of 18 have been "cured" of the ability to love.
- In Nineteen Eighty-Four, all marriages have to be approved by a committee, and approval will not be given if the man and woman show any signs of being sexually attracted to each other because sex for pleasure is not allowed.
- In Plato's Laws, this is what happens when they have a fatherless heiress. They even admit:
And if a man dying by some unexpected fate leaves daughters behind him, let him pardon the legislator if he gives them in marriage, he have a regard only to two out of three conditions—nearness of kin and the preservation of the lot, and omits the third condition, which a father would naturally consider, for he would choose out of all the citizens a son for himself, and a husband for his daughter, with a view to his character and disposition - the father, say, shall forgive the legislator if he disregards this, which to him is an impossible consideration.
- Similarly, in Plato's Republic, all "marriages" among members of the ruling "guardian" class are arranged by the state. We say "marriages" in quotes, because it appears that these are one-time things rather than permanent relationships. Also, although the selection of pairings is officially either random or the work of the gods, it's actually the philosopher-kings who make the decisions, breeding citizens according to the needs of the state.
- In the Doctor Who novel Doctor Who and the Doomsday Weapon, many people on Overindustrialised Future Earth work for faceless megacorporations that "take care" of their employees, arranging their accommodation, education, and, if the Company considers it necessary, marriages. They do try to arrange compatible matches, but probably only because unhappy employees are bad for productivity, and the matching process involves a stack of employee profiles and a computer in the personnel department, as opposed to, say, people getting to meet people (the marriage ceremony involves their files being stapled together). One character recalls agreeing to be married as a condition of his next promotion, and then hearing no more about it until he returned from a business trip to find his new wife waiting for him in the kitchen. At first he's much more interested in his new apartment ect. but as she cheerfully chatters away, informing him that they are likely to be in debt to the Company for the rest of their lives, he notices she's very pretty....Resulting in a Perfectly Arranged Marriage.
- In Lois McMaster Bujold's Falling Free, the company is trying to breed the newly created quaddies. When a young couple, with a baby, is told whom they are assigned to have their next children, they revolt.
- Matched: The government controls every aspect of your life, including who you will marry based on compatibility measures.
- This is one of the life-in-the-future tropes played with in "Tomorrow Town" by Kim Newman. The apparent motive for the murder of Asshole Victim Varno Zhoule is that he had been matched with one of the women of the town by the master computer, even though she was already happily married to someone else, and it's suspected that Zhoule arranged to have the result come out in his own favor.
- Isaac Asimov had the whole Solarian way of marriage (for a given definition of "marriage") in his Robot books - which impacted in later Empire ones. People were assigned their spouses by a board. And, presumably, a lot of AI. This is a major plot-point in The Naked Sun.
- In the Deryni novel In The King's Service, King Donal Haldane chooses his loyal human courtier Sir Kenneth Morgan for his ward Lady Alyce deCorwyn. Alyce's parents and brother are dead, and she is a royal ward as the heiress to a wealthy duchy, so she knows that politics is involved and accepts that Donal will decide who she marries. She is in fact more than fine with it as Kenneth is the father of her best friend, she's known him for years and has a bit of a crush on him. Better still he is rather embarrassedly in love with her.
- In the second book of The Hunger Games, the Capitol plans to do this to Peeta and Katniss. This is later subverted in the end of the third book, where they voluntarily decide to marry.
- Subverted in the Honor Harrington series. The Mesan Alignment practices this as part of its breeding program, but compatibility is a major factor in their decisions - partly because the Mesan Alignment cares about its own people, and partly because spousal murder can really mess up their plans. At minimum, they try to ensure that their couples can at least tolerate each other enough to produce children.
- In the Star Trek Novelverse, in order to stave off the extinction of the Andorian species the Andorian Empire resorts to arranging bondgroups based on genetic analysis to maximize fertility.longer explanation Some of the Star Trek: Deep Space Nine Relaunch books deal with an Andorian member of Deep Space 9's crew resisting calls by his bondgroup, whom he hates, to return home to help them conceive. Andoria eventually secedes from the Federation for a brief period to get out from under the Federation's No Transhumanism Allowed laws so they can use genetic engineering to permanently fix the problem.
- Heralds of Valdemar series: The reasons and political maneuvering behind the various forms of Arranged Marriage among the nobility are a theme of Closer to Home. In an attempt to resolve a feud between two noble houses, the Prince commands that House Raeylen marry their only son to House Chendlar's oldest daughter. This backfires badly when it turns out Chendlar's youngest daughter has fallen hard for the son, and he manipulates her in a scheme to kill off both families and inherit their lands.
- In The Harem Games constestants are married by an 'Omiai' treated as a market where the teenage males pick 6-15 brides to help them in the upcoming battle royale fight to the death. The brides have no say in the matter. Alex is unusual because during the selection ceremony, he was bedridden as a result of a horrific, unprovoked beating, where he couldn't retaliate, and his brides were not only chosen for him, but most of them actively petitioned for the role.
Live Action TV
- In Babylon 5, the Psi Corps arranges marriages between powerful telepaths in order to facilitate the breeding of even more powerful telepaths. If the people involved try to refuse, the Corps is perfectly willing to arrange rapes instead - apparently having never heard of artificial insemination or in-vitro fertilization.
- In Supernatural, Heaven of all things arranges these. Angels use Cupids to make people fall in love but it comes across as more of a breeding program with the goals of preserving vessel bloodlines or needing certain children to be born.
- Halruaa of Forgotten Realms, as described in Counselors and Kings. And they for most part really did believe eugenics applied to wizards will improve the situation.
- In Warhammer 40,000, the Tau Empire has a system of arranged breeding. Couples are selected on the basis of genetic advantage and sent a summons from a "Procreation Committee" to spend a day together trying to concieve. After conception, both partners will go their seperate ways, and any children from the union will be raised communally by trainers of their caste (though parents may take an interest in and visit the children).
- In Ars Magica, heiresses whose fathers die become wards of their father's lord, and they (and more importantly their lands) will be married off to the lord's benefit. It's technically illegal to simply sell her for money, but in practice, this is often laughed at.
- Arguably, Hermia's situation in A Midsummer Night's Dream. The original arrangement with Demitrius doesn't qualify, since that was arranged by her father and Theseus was just enforcing the existing law allowing an Arranged Marriage. However, once Theseus expanded his ruling to allow Hermia the option of joining a convent instead, it could be considered this trope.
- In Super Robot Wars Z2: Saisei-hen, Diethard attempts to marry off Tianzi again like in the series, except this time, EVERY SINGLE ZEXIS woman gets on his case about it. His expression is just awesome. Oh and one guy gets in on it too.
Chirico : Are you even human?Diethard : C-Chirico Cuvie!
- In one episode of Ask Lovecraft, the horror writer is asked how one might make a Lovecraftian wedding. He suggests that all weddings are inherently Lovecraftian, simply because the practice of marriage has traditionally originated with this trope and is, thus, spiritually and emotionally hollow. But you can still add an extra tentacle or two if you want it for aesthetic reasons...
- The Simpsons: In the episode where the family joins the Movementarians, there's a group wedding.
Marge: This is ridiculous, we're already married!Homer: But Marge, we're not mass married!Barney and Otto appearBarney: At least you got to choose your mate, we got matched up on the printout!Otto: Remember our agreement. I'm the man!
- And Comic Book Guy is seen awkwardly asking a beautiful redhead (who seems creeped out by him) "So...do you like comic books?"
- Sun Myung Moon matched up many of the couples who took part in his mass weddings.
- Alexander the Great attempted to do this, in order to get a unified empire, ordering his men to marry local women. The marriages, for the most part, did not last his reign. His successors instead simply gave Greek settlers land to build new cities, from Turkey to Pakistan, and let nature take it's course.
- The Romans were more successful, although they did not attempt to do this on such a large scale. Rome's wars often resulted in prisoners being obtained from amongst the upper class and elites of the recently conquered. Those that Rome did not simply kill were often married off to client rulers (Cleopatra's children were married off to Libyan royalty), given to influential men as concubines (which wasn't that different from marriage) or were married amongst similar captives from other nations- essentially making them someone else's problem.
- The Incas also did this.
- North Korea practices this in its massive system of prison camps: male and female prisoners are "matched" by camp guards to produce children who will spend their entire lives in the prison camp, guaranteeing the government's supply of prison labor.
- This is essentially the point of online matchmaking services, though with the distinction that the two people so paired up aren't strictly obligated to marry.