Literature / Doctor Who Novelisations

During the 70s and 80s, in the days before video took off, the way to catch up on previous Doctor Who stories was by reading the novelisations from Target Books, which retold (and frequently expanded on) the stories on TV.

Notable authors included Terrance Dicks (who wrote more Doctor Who novelisations than anyone else), Malcolm Hulke, Philip Hinchcliffe, Ian Marter, and David Whitaker, all of whom had worked on the TV series in various capacities.

Target Books was established in 1973, publishing TV novelisations and other books for children. The Doctor Who line was its most successful, and in later years the two became synonymous: "Target Books" meant Doctor Who novelisations and vice versa.

Because Target's target audience was children, the novelisations used simplified language and were stuck with a maximum page count of around 150 pages, even for epics like the 10-part "The War Games". A special concession was made for "The Daleks' Master Plan", 13 episodes including the prologue, which was published in two volumes, although this was very late in the series where the books were being marketed to the adult fan-collector market as much as to the original child audience. The quality of the writing varies considerably, from thin Beige Prose to relatively sophisticated works that took time to fill out characters' personalities and backstories; Malcolm Hulke's novelisations, for instance, were notable examples of the latter type.

The first three Doctor Who novelisations, Doctor Who in an Exciting Adventure With the Daleks (based on "The Daleks" and reprinted as Doctor Who and the Daleks), Doctor Who and the Crusaders (based on "The Crusade"), and Doctor Who and the Web Planet were originally published by Frederick Muller in the 1960s, before Target Books reprinted them and bought the rights to new novelisations. The Target series began with Doctor Who and the Auton Invasion, written by Terrance Dicks and based on "Spearhead from Space".

Almost every story from the classic series got a novelisation. The four exceptions were the two Dalek stories by Eric Saward, "Resurrection of the Daleks" and "Revelation of the Daleks", due to conflict between Saward and the Daleks' agent about the division of royalties; and Douglas Adams' two stories, "The Pirate Planet" and "City of Death", because Adams wanted the novelisations to be done by someone who could do justice to the material (namely, himself) but having hit the big time with The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy he was too busy, or too expensive, or both.

Circa 1979, ten of the novelisations were brought to America by Pinnacle Books. The reprints had a foreword by Harlan Ellison, some edits to make them US-friendly (jelly babies changed to jelly beans, etc.) and covers that never actually showed the Doctor or the TARDIS.

As the '80's wore on, Target began to branch out. It adapted the audio drama Doctor Who and the Pescatons into The Pescatons and another audio story, Slipback. It novelised K-9 and Company under the Companions of Doctor Who sub-series, which had previously included the original novels Turlough and the Earthlink Dilemma by Tony Attwood and Harry Sullivan's War, written by Ian Marter, the Target author who had played Harry on Doctor Who. Three novelisations of the original, cancelled Season 23 stories The Nightmare Fair, The Ultimate Evil and Mission to Magnus appeared under another sub-series.

In 1990, Target's parent company, W H Allen, became Virgin Publishing. They brought out the remaining unadapted novelisations under the Target imprint, and started a new line of original Doctor Who novels, the Doctor Who New Adventures. The last original Target novelisations, none of which carried the Target logo on the cover, were audio drama The Paradise Of Death and TV stories "The Power of the Daleks" and "The Evil of the Daleks". The final book under the Target imprint was a reprint of "The Talons of Weng-Chiang" in 1994.

In 1995, the radio drama The Ghosts of N-Space was novelised as one of the Doctor Who Missing Adventures. In 1996, BBC Books released a novelisation of the TV movie with Paul McGann, and in 2004 the animated webcast "Scream of the Shalka" was novelised by Paul Cornell, effectively part of the Past Doctor Adventures range. No post-2005 Doctor Who story has received a novelisation, although the BBC has published novelisations of stories from the younger-ages spin-off The Sarah Jane Adventures; the novelisation of the first episode was by Terrance Dicks.

In 2007, Telos Publishing published The Target Book, a guide to the history of Target and its Doctor Who novelisations.

In 2011, the BBC reissued six of the novelisations in new editions with introductions by writers including Neil Gaiman, Stephen Baxter, and Russell T. Davies. In 2012, they reissued six more. In 2013, when the BBC reissued a spin-off novel for each Doctor as part of the 50th anniversary, the first six were Past Doctor Adventures released in the late 1990s and 2000s, but the Seventh Doctor's was the 1990 novelisation of "Remembrance of the Daleks". In 2016, they reissued ten more novelisations, three of which were hardback facsimiles of the original Frederick Muller novelisations.

In 2012, the BBC published the first new novelisation in years: Gareth Roberts' novelisation of Douglas Adams' "Shada" (a story cancelled in mid-production by a strike at the BBC). Unlike previous novelisations, it was aimed at a general audience, and clocked in at approximately 400 pages. James Goss's novelisation of "City of Death" followed in 2015, with his novelisation of "The Pirate Planet" officially completing the set of Adams-related novelisations in 2017 (with copies available the last week of 2016).

These novels provide examples of:

  • Adaptation Dye-Job: The novelisation of "The Tomb of the Cybermen" makes Victoria blonde.
  • Adaptational Attractiveness:
    • In the novelisation of "Shada", Skagra is described as extremely, androgynously beautiful, especially his 'full, sensual lips'. A side character expresses amazement that even though Skagra has a facial scar, it's a sexy one instead of a disfiguring one.
    • Also in the novelisation of "Shada", Discussed Trope In-Universe when Romana sees the Outlaws, ancient murderers, tyrants and terrorists of Gallifreyan history she used to have nightmares about as a child, based on a children's picture book she used to have called "Our Planet Story". She sees that the real Lady Scintilla is very different to the drawing of her in the book, which portrayed her as a tall, imperious Ice Queen, remarking that she's actually short and 'dumpy' — but she still possesses razor-sharp, blood red Femme Fatalons.
  • Adaptational Heroism: In the TV version of "Shada", Salyavin is a reformed villain; in the novelisation, he was never actually a villain at all, but just misunderstood.
  • Adaptational Sexuality:
  • Adaptational Ugliness: The book adaptation of "Invasion of the Dinosaurs" gives Butler (played by an unblemished Martin Jarvis on TV) a disfiguring facial scar for the purpose of a scene which called for the Doctor to observe him setting a bomb — the audience had to know the character was Butler, but the Doctor hadn't met him yet and didn't know who he was. Giving him a scar gave him something striking that the Doctor could describe him by.
  • Adaptation Expansion: The novelisations often expand upon the television stories.
    • Most famously, the novel of "Remembrance of the Daleks" provided details about the Special Weapons Dalek, as well as the triumvirate of Rassilon, Omega, and the Other. Many fans consider it the predecessor to the Doctor Who New Adventures.
    • This happens especially in the case of scripts considered weak for not having a lot going on in them. For instance, the novelisation of "The Leisure Hive" has a large section pastiching the The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy Cutaway Gags, going into great detail about the customs of the ridiculous and genocidal Proud Warrior Race civilisations that had created the Hive - little of which has any bearing on the plot, but all of which is funny. "The Twin Dilemma" goes into detail about how regeneration works (some of which was well-written enough to be recycled for the Fourth Doctor-narrated audio reconstruction of "The Power of the Daleks"), and adds a squickly amusing sequence about a Brainless Beauty Time Lord who lost everything upon regenerating into a plain body, and his attempts to restore his status by repeatedly killing himself and regenerating get worse and worse - just to add a little colour. The novelisation of "The Space Museum", a comedy story which was heavily edited to remove a lot of the jokes, was rewritten to put most of the jokes back in.
    • "Shada" didn't even get made. The book adaptation heavily rejigged the script to remove problems that Douglas Adams had identified with it as well as some faulty plot logic and poor construction. It also took two characters who got little development and were gone from the plot in the TV story and used them as viewpoint characters for most of the book, particularly Chris, who gets to be the main character. Several sequences are expanded out beyond what the BBC budget could reasonably allow, like the bike chase scene (which in the book version features a cameo appearance from Status Quo) and the setting of Shada itself, and background detail is added to flesh out the Victim of the Week and Chris's first night in the TARDIS. The novelisation of "Shada" adds an opening chapter focusing on Skagra. There are added scenes featuring Chris walking around the TARDIS and finding his bedroom. The closing of the novel adds a scene of Chris, Clare and Chronotis being escorted to the police station, and a scene of the Doctor and Romana using the Randomiser in the TARDIS.
    • The novelisation of "The Enemy of the World" is a minor example; it doesn't add scenes (at six episodes, the story didn't need more) but does flesh out a number of incidental details and provides explanations that were glossed over the TV version. Bruce details his reasons for rebelling. An explanation is given for how the Doctor got into the locked records room. Giles Kent talks more about the World Zone officials that Salamander killed and mentions one of them was Astrid's father. More detail is given into how Fariah found Fedorin's file. Salamander and the Doctor both use helicopters to get to the TARDIS. The Doctor pours sea water into the fuel tank of Salamander's helicopter to prevent him escaping.
    • Doctor Who in an Exciting Adventure with the Daleks (usually shortened to Doctor Who and the Daleks). The first ever novelisation, David Whitaker's expansion adds a completely different introduction for Ian, Barbara, and the Doctor; also, there's a metric ton of TARDIS lore in about the third chapter. Another highlight is the appearance of a "king" Dalek in a glass casing.
    • The novelisation of "The Chase" gives more detail on the background of Morton C. Dill: clumsy, always speaking without thinking and not the sort of person many people wish to know, he was nicknamed 'Dill the Pill' in school for being rather hard to take. After explaining to two guards in the Empire State Building about his encounter with the TARDIS crew and the Dalek, he was locked up in the Newman Rehabilitation Clinic in 1967 where he became a permanent resident. The Dalek decides against killing him because it considers it a far worse fate for the human race to allow him to live.
    • The novelisation of "The Time Meddler" adds a scene at the beginning of Steven making his way through the jungle on Mechanus trying to avoid the fungoids and coming across the TARDIS. (The TV version of "The Chase" and "The Time Meddler" had Steven apparently left behind on Mechanus and then turning up in the TARDIS without a detailed explanation of how he found it.) Near the end, it also plugs a plot hole by specifying that the Monk's anachronistic weaponry was inside his sabotaged TARDIS, making it inaccessible to him.
    • Donald Cotton's novelisation of "The Gunfighters" has Doc Holliday relating the story's narrative from his deathbed, and gives some additional backstory. Reuben Clanton, specified as the eldest brother, was killed by Holliday for cheating at cards and Holliday proposed to Kate after she set fire to the tavern to stop Reuben's friends killing him. Ringo spends much of his earnings as a hired gun on classic works and delights in conversing with the Doctor in Latin phrases, while Phineas repeatedly tries to come up with colourful similes. Pa Clanton is campaigning to be mayor, with most of the onlookers at the gunfight being his supporters.
    • In the novelisation of "The Power of the Daleks", more background is given to Valmar: he was one of the chief engineers on Vulcan, but was demoted after Hensell blamed him for an industrial accident that killed four men.
    • The novelisation of "The Underwater Menace" add a lot of little details. Zaroff's motivation to blow up the Earth stemmed from his wife and children dying in a car crash and driving him mad. Zaroff has been missing for twenty years. Zaroff created the fish people through DNA resequencing based on Atlantean legends. It is stated by Ara that Zaroff walks through the market place every day to inspect the drill head, thus this is where the Doctor stages his kidnap attempt; in the television story, the only reason he goes through the market is to look for the Doctor. Ara is said to be the daughter of a councillor who was killed after speaking out against Zaroff, with Nola having worked for the family. It is explained by Sean that the Atlanteans do not settle on the surface because they consider their ground sacred. Ara says that the grille behind Amdo's statue was set up by the original priests to control the population, and her father showed it to her before he died; it is also said that even Lolem does not know about it. It is said that Zaroff saved Thous from a deadly disease thought fatal by the Atlanteans, thus why Thous trusts Zaroff more.
    • The novelisation of "The Web of Fear" includes a scene depicting the Doctor's first meeting with Alistair Lethbridge-Stewart, which happens off-screen in the TV version.
    • The novelisation of "Fury from the Deep" includes an extra scene near the end for Jamie and Victoria. Jamie goes to Victoria's room where he confesses his true feelings for her. Victoria admits her love for Jamie but she explains her tiredness for danger and death and wishes to remain with the Harris family. Robson's wife, Angie, is said to have died in a car crash when he was driving twenty-two years previous. The Doctor explains that the Weed Creature transported Maggie to the control rig by encasing her in its foam.
    • The novelisation of "The War Games" adds things to the story. The original theft of the TARDIS becomes an additional charge at the Doctor's trial. The Doctor describes how the First World War was fought to Jamie. The Doctor threatens a military chauffeur in the 1917 zone with three months' imprisonment. Two deserters in the 1917 zone from opposing armies, George Brown and Willi Muller, comment on events. In the Roman time zone, charioteer Drusus Gracchus and his friend Brurus Sullas witness the disappearance of the ambulance, and plan for a sacrifice to Mars, the God of War. An additional scene features an exchange between Smythe and an alien disguised as Count Vladimir Chainikof, a Russian officer from The Crimean War. The Doctor explains to Zoe how The American Civil War started over the legality of slavery in the Southern states. It is mentioned that by Zoe's time, the United States no longer exists. The Doctor and Zoe meet two female soldiers from the Spanish Civil War. An additional scene features the Doctor telling a guard in the underground city that he is a German spy from the Franco-Prussian War. A line is added where the Doctor pleads to the Resistance men to not kill Smythe. A scene is added with Jeremy Carstairs asking the Doctor if the war ended in 1917 before he fades away. The Doctor says he cannot tell him, but concedes that both sides lose in war. The Time Lords chase the Doctor, Jamie and Zoe to a paradise planet. A stray samurai knight from ancient Japan appears. When captured by the Time Lords the Doctor, Jamie and Zoe consider stealing another TARDIS. SIDRAT is an acronym for Space and Inter-time Directional Robot All-purpose Transporter. They're also powered by green crystals. The War Lords state that survivors from the Games are selected and kept in storage for a future war of galactic conquest. Backstory is added to the sentry in the Crimean War Zone, a Russian soldier named Petrov Ilavich. The Confederate Soldier in the American Civil War Zone is named Private Cornelius Lanier of the 2nd Virginia Battalion. The Doctor's trial at the end is overseen by an invisible judge who finds the Doctor endearing and wished he could have stayed on Gallifrey to "liven the place up no end".
    • The novelisation of "Spearhead from Space" gives more detail to the hospital staff, including a rivalry between Henderson and Lomax and the medical staff's views on Beavis.
    • The novelisation of "The Silurians" adds a prologue tells of the Silurians going into hiding to avoid catastrophe. A new scene features some security guards at the main gate checking the Doctor and Liz's passes. Liz gives the password, which is "Silurians". A UNIT corporal named Grover tells Liz that the Doctor is working on Bessie. More background is given to Miss Dawson; she is said to have lived in London her whole life, looking after her old mother, while all her other siblings went to America and Australia. Her mother then died, and she took the job at Wenley Moor. It is said Dr Quinn's wife died in a car accident some years before the events of this story.
    • The novelisation of "The Ambassadors of Death" gives Reegan backstory. He is said to have been born in Ireland and started off robbing banks for the IRA, only to flee to America and become a mercenary criminal when they found out he was keeping most of the money for himself. The Time Lords wiped the Doctor's knowledge about the Ambassador's species. The Doctor is said to have learned the parade ground shout he uses to trick Collinson at Waterloo.
    • In the novelisation of "Inferno", the "door handle" is confirmed to be the sonic screwdriver. The Doctor deduces how the parallel Earth became a dictatorship. Stahlman's motivation is explored in more detail. Stahlman is said to have grown up in the ruins of post-war Germany (so he's either younger in the novel or the story is set circa 1990, unless he is describing the First World War). The Doctor is traumatized by the destruction of the other Earth. It is explained that the Doctor plans to use a power surge from the project's reactor to overload the blocks placed on the TARDIS.
    • The novelisation of "Terror of the Autons" adds a bunch of details. More background is given to Luigi Rossini and his circus, and it is revealed that Tony the Strongman is on the run from the law. A scene cut from the script is retained in the book; it sees the Master use the term "polynestene" to describe the material that the killer chair is made of. The Nestenes and Autons are led by a High Command. The Doctor recognises the messenger as a member of the High Council. It is also stated that the messenger was present at the Doctor's trial. The Doctor says the Xanthoids use volatalisers in their mining operations. The Nestene planet is named as Polymos. The Doctor recognises the Master's TARDIS because it is in better condition than the other circus vehicles. The Master drives it along on the coach tour. While at the circus, the Doctor tries to untie his bonds using a technique he learned from Harry Houdini. The novelisation states that the Auton leader's features are more "finished" then the others. The Doctor reflects that if the Time Lords ever catch the Master they will reverse his timeline so he never existed. McDermott is said to have founded Farrel Plastics with Rex Farrel's father. Yates says his aunt has some of the plastic daffodils. The Nestene's arrival is signalled by the appearance of a creature similar to the one the Doctor destroyed at the climax of Spearhead from Space; this was filmed but the effect was deemed unconvincing. The Brigadier suggests mass producing the machine the Doctor used to destroy the Autons before but the Doctor points out it has to be used at close range and the Autons may have evolved a defence.
    • In the novelisation of "The Mind of Fear", the Doctor is aware of the mind parasite as an urban legend across the universe. The characters' fears are explored in greater detail. Back story is introduced for some of the characters: Barnham killed a security guard who caught him robbing a safe and a fellow prisoner before attacking a warder, while Harry Mailer is the leader of a London gang who was jailed when one of a string of suspected murders was committed in public. There are a few extra lines of dialogue and thoughts to cover minor plot holes: Summers worries about Barnham being left behind in the infirmary during the attempted break-out and the Brigadier reflects that he cannot involve the army in liberating Stangmoor Prison for political reasons (presumably the secrecy surrounding the Thunderbolt).
    • The novelisation of "The Claws of Axos" suggests that the Doctor may be attempting to steal Axonite to repair the TARDIS.
    • Doctor Who and the Doomsday Weapon, the novelisation of "Colony in Space", begins with a prologue in which the Keeper of the Time Lord files retells the story of "The War Games" (which had not yet been novelised) to establish the Doctor's exile and his relationship with the Time Lords. The novelisation includes many extra descriptions of the concrete Earth that the colonists had left — there are people with blue hair, moving pavements, metric units, lifts that took the people in the underground for sunshine treats or walk treats and folk tales of Drahvins, Monoids, Daleks and Silurians. It is described how the colonists met on Earth. The Doctor organises a funeral for the Leesons.
    • The novelisation of "The Sea Devils" includes an account of the Master's lengthy trial, the media publicity surrounding it, and the ethical debate as to whether to execute him and the ethical difficulty of putting an immortal being, a Time Lord, in prison for life. During the trial, the Doctor gave testimony urging punishment other than the death penalty.
    • In the novelisation of "The Mutants", the Doctor describes the use of message pods as a system used for a "real emergency" and that the "Time Lords' code" compels him to deliver it. In addition to the stone tablets seen onscreen, the message pod also contains parchment scrolls. Jaeger is given some backstory as being disgraced on Earth for stealing data from an academic colleague. There is a secret passage underneath the Marshal's desk. The Marshal is given back story as having come to Skybase as a security guard and worked his way up the ranks, meaning he has no connections on Earth.
    • In the novelisation of "The Time Monster", the Master reflects on how he got on well with Dr Percival's predecessor. The lack of casualties in the Roundhead battle is explained by Yates ordering his men to fire above their heads.
    • The novelisation of "The Three Doctors" adds a scene where the Brigadier, Benton and Jo fruitlessly try to fortify UNIT. It's said that Omega's world was at one point a beautiful, lush forest, but maintaining it took such a toll on Omega that it rapidly decayed to a barren quarry.
    • Doctor Who and the Space War, the novelisation of "Frontier in Space", contains an original sequence featuring the Doctor and Jo's first interrogation by Williams. There is an extra scene of Jo quizzing the Master about his motives. Gardiner instructs Earth Security not to starve the Doctor and Jo. Jo sees a chained up Ogron, who will be starved and then fed to the lizard for stealing food from the shrine. The novelisation includes and elaborates on the back story to Williams destroying a Draconian ship that was cut from the television version. Williams, given the first name John, was a lieutenant who took command when the captain and senior officers were killed, and destroyed the Draconian ship by firing his retro-rockets at it and causing a chain reaction. The future President was onboard as a senator's aide: It is implied that they were in a relationship which the incident ended. Williams is said to have supported the President's opponent in the election and been offered his position as military adviser as a reconciliatory move. It is clarified that the Governor encourages guards to pretend to help prisoners escape and then make sure they die in the attempt. The Doctor pleads for the President to release the political prisoners from the moon.
    • The novelisation of "The Time Warrior" adds an opening sequence of a space battle between the Sontarans and Rutans. Cut scenes with Hal the Archer and the messenger boy are reinstated. Sarah's first trip in the TARDIS is depicted.
    • The novelisation of "Invasion of the Dinosaurs" features a prologue about the dinosaurs and an extra opening scene from the point of view of Shughie McPherson, a drunken Glaswegian football fan who is left in London during the evacuation and killed by a dinosaur. The Doctor and Sarah go into a cafe called Bert's to find something to eat, but find the food rotten. Butler is given the backstory of being a fireman. Sarah gives a fuller explanation to the army for how she and the Doctor came by the furs. Whitaker recalls that the Timescoop accidentally brought a startled Roman soldier forward in time. The novelisation adds a few more lines to the Doctor's speech to Yates about "taking the world you've got and making something of it". He listed examples such as ending reliance on fossil fuels, ending the arms race, and ending racism; all suitable real life issues at the time this serial was made. At the end there is a scene where the Doctor shows Sarah a passage from the Book of Ezekiel describing a heavenly visitation and speculates that it's a distorted account of the final fate of the Golden Age time travellers.
    • In the novelisation of "Death to the Daleks", the heroes attempt to reach their ships before the Daleks launch the missiles. Bellal has dialogue commenting on the destruction of the City (on screen he is silent during the closing sequence) and there is extra dialogue between the Doctor and Sarah at the end where the Doctor wants to resume the journey to Florana but Sarah just wants to go home. Galloway is said to have lost his entire family in the Dalek wars, grown up in a refugee camp and worked his way up through the ranks of the Space Corps. He feels Stewart has been blocking his promotion because of disagreements on previous missions. It is specified that the MSC party was originally ten, with the others being lost in two ambushes. It is made clearer that the Daleks do not bother to supervise Galloway onboard their ship.
    • The novelisation of "Planet of the Spiders" begins with a prologue featuring Jo Grant, who is referenced but does not appear on screen in the TV version. Jo is referred to as Josephine Jones, which is consistent with the name she uses when she returns in The Sarah Jane Adventures. There is an extra sequence of Cho-Je refusing to let Yates see K'Anpo (a similar scene was filmed for the televised version but cut). Tommy sends Yates away instead of being distracted by his medallion. There is an extra sequence of Arak's rebels testing their stone protection by attacking and killing a patrol. There is an extra sequence of Arak and Tuar freeing Sabor from the larder and getting him to safety, which is not made clear on screen. Lupton's spider explains he cannot use the web to stun his pursuers because they are too many and too distant. It is made clearer that the Spider Council planned the invasion of Earth without the request of either the Great One or the Queen, assuming that was why the Great One wanted the crystal. The Doctor says he knows Clegg is a psychic because he can sense his vibrations. It is mentioned that Barnes and the others were hospitalised with nervous breakdowns after the Spiders died and Sarah has asked the Brigadier to help Tommy get into university. Barnes states Lupton was strong enough to perform the ceremony on his own, presumably to explain how he transported to Metebelis.
    • The novelisation of "Robot" has several extra scenes. Jellicoe tries to talk Miss Winters out of letting the SRS members attack Sarah. UNIT raid the Thinktank and find it deserted before going to the bunker. There is a sequence of RAF jet fighters unsuccessfully attacking the giant K1. The K1 hides himself and Sarah in a secret compartment at the bunker, where Sarah helps herself to the supplies. There is a brief battle between UNIT and the Thinktank troops when they storm the bunker. It is suggested that the Doctor's short trip in the TARDIS in this story led to the events of The Face of Evil.
    • The novelisation of "The Sontaran Experiment" has several extra scenes. After falling down a hole, the Doctor has a dream about rats chewing their way through the TARDIS. Inside the Sontaran ship, Harry discovers two more Sontarans, apparently hibernating. Sarah destroys one of the patrol robots with the the Doctor's sonic screwdriver. Harry initially believes that a Sontaran is a golem. There is an extra scene of the Doctor meeting Harry and finding out about the Sontarans before going off to find Sarah. (A version of this was scripted but apparently not filmed.) The Doctor is briefly trapped in the force-field at the cave mouth. The Doctor weakens Styre during the fight by pouring the contents of a hip-flask into his probic vent. The Doctor speculates that the Sontarans are trying to occupy Earth for its terullian deposits formed by the solar flares and later discovers it is part of an alliance with another cloned race, the Hyperioi; there is no mention of the war with the Rutan as on screen.
    • In the novelisation of "Genesis of the Daleks", the Doctor explains their mission to Sarah and Harry while crossing the wasteland. The first meeting between Sevrin and Bettan is depicted. The Daleks decide to build a city.
    • In the novelisation of "Revenge of the Cybermen", the Vogans needed humanity to build the glittergun because their gold is useless against the Cybermen otherwise. The novelisation adds an epilogue of the Doctor, Sarah and Harry heading for Loch Ness.
    • The novelisation of "Terror of the Zygons" explains that the Caber is called that because he won a caber-tossing contest in the Highland Games ("caber" in this instance referring to a tree trunk).
    • The novelisation of "Planet of Evil" adds a scene where Salamar and Morelli discuss the extinction of all life on Earth.
    • The novelisation of "Pyramids of Mars" has a prologue detailing Sutekh's imprisonment and an epilogue with Sarah on Earth researching the events of the story in a newspaper cutting, set after her departure. It novelisation makes it clear that Sutekh is so powerful, that if he gets loose, not even the full power of the Time Lords will be able to stop him. It took the combined efforts of seven hundred and forty one of his fellow Phaester Osirians to imprison him the first time - Sutekh is that powerful.
    • The novelisation of "The Android Invasion" clears up several Plot Holes, such as what happened to Chedaki (who disappears without explanation about an episode before the end of the televised story).
    • The novelisation of "The Brain of Morbius" gives extra characterization and the background of Morbius' original attack on Karn is expanded upon. The Sister who betrayed them to Morbius was punished by losing her elixir, causing her to age to death. The alien from the opening scene is also given a backstory, which incidentally establishes that it's a completely new kind of alien despite being depicted on-screen by a costume recycled from an earlier story.
    • In the novelisation of "The Masque of Mandragora", the Doctor humiliates Hieronymous and Federico when he spots them trying to give rat poison to Guiliano. An extended end scene features Guiliano trying to explain how the TARDIS disappeared.
    • According to the novelisation of "The Deadly Assassin", the Doctor played hide and seek in the capitol when he grew up. The Master lost his ability to regenerate after using a couple of bodies as a disguise. Gallifrey has poor lighting so people have to use lanterns at night.
    • The novelisation of "The Face of Evil" includes additional backstory of how and when the Fourth Doctor met Xoanon. The Doctor believes he was destined to return to the planet rather than return to join Sarah.
    • In the novelisation of "The Robots of Death", Dum, Voc and Super-Voc and their function on the Sandminer is expanded upon. The background of the 20 Founding Families is expanded upon. Uvanov has feelings for Zilda, adding ‘we could be friends’ to their conversation, and stroking her hair after she is found dead.
    • In the novelisation of "The Horror of Fang Rock", the Doctor gives a rational explanation for the original legend of the beast of Fang Rock. A deleted scene where the survivors reach the island is reinstated. Vince's motives for burning the £50 given to him by Lord Palmerdale before he turns to the others for help are added.
    • In the novelisation of "The Invisible Enemy", what happens to the antibodies is expanded upon. Leela can fly the TARDIS despite not having seen the white console room before. A deleted scene where the Nucleus tries to reinfect the Doctor to no avail is reinstated.
    • In the novelisation of "The Image of the Fendahl", Stael's background and motivation is explained in detail.
    • The novelisation of "The Sun Makers" restores a Deleted Scene where Leela sees citizens lining up to be executed for their death-day.
    • In the novelisation of "Underworld", the background to the Minyans, the Time Lords and the crew of the R1C are expanded upon.
    • The novelisation of "The Invasion of Time" explains that the De-Mat Gun doesn't just vaporize people, it actually removes them from time completely, as we had previously seen the Time Lords do to the War Chief and his henchmen. And since Stor was the mastermind behind the whole invasion of Gallifrey, when the Doctor uses it on Stor it not only erases him, it also undoes both the Vardan and Sontaran invasions of the planet. Additionally, it is revealed that the Doctor first learnt of the Vardans' attempted invasion of Gallifrey via a telepathic warning from the Matrix. Stor feels insecurities. The "search for the Great Key" is a new responsibility because the Master stole it; the Doctor notes it was a fake that didn't have the power of the true Great Key.
    • In the novelisation of "The Armageddon Factor", the Shadow is an extra-dimensional ghost resurrected by the Black Guardian from one of the Doctor's enemies. The Shadow's planet is an asteroid that resembles a medieval castle on the inside. The planet is littered with trap doors. The Doctor argues that the brief moment the Key was complete, the real White Guardian would have sorted everything out.
    • The novelisation of "Destiny of the Daleks" adds a few things: During the Doctor's escape from the Dalek command centre, the Daleks use hoverbouts to chase him. Tyssan tries to bully the Doctor and Romana into going with the prisoners to put Davros on trial.
    • The novelisation of "City of Death" adds a lot of details. Backstory for the Countess and Hermann are given: She was the daughter of a Swiss banker who let the Count swindle her father; Hermann was a Nazi given responsibility guarding art treasures when the Count found him. Exactly how the different pieces of Scaroth are linked is gone into in more depth; it's even made clear that Scarlioni's barely aware of who he really is at first. An original scene features Romana and Duggan going on a night out together. Romana began traveling with the Doctor at the age of 125, and has been traveling with him for somewhere between a few weeks and a few years. Duggan believes she is 25. The Doctor looks at an Ernest Hemingway book. The character of Countess Scarlioni is greatly expanded upon, given a backstory and a first name, Heidi. She is also shown to have a closer relationship with the Count, with him regretting having to kill her greatly. Romana improves upon Kerensky's computer, increasing the memory to 1 MB and adding 7 computer languages and 5 protocols. She describes it as a "clever prime", in reference to a series of adverts for Prime Computer produced in 1980 featuring the Doctor and Romana. Duggan's backstory as to how he ended up in Paris is explored in great detail, with a scene depicting his last case before the events of the story being depicted. The tour guide is named as Madame Henriette and given a collection of cats. The Countess' bracelet is said to be isomorphic, meaning in theory only Scarlioni can remove it, and allows him a degree of control over her. Even the art critics played by John Cleese and Eleanor Bron who comment on the TARDIS are given an expanded background subplot; the one played by Cleese is presented as an insecure nouveau riche businessman called Harrison who's being given a lesson in art appreciation by the one played by Bron, an artist called Elena, with Harrison mainly going along with it because he's got a crush on Elena.
    • In the novelisation of "The Creature from the Pit", cutaway scenes explain Chloris from the perspective of the ex-miners-turned-bandits. Adrasta's first meeting with Erato is featured. The novelisation details how Tythonians have sex. How Erato gets out of the pit is elaborated on.
    • The novelisation of "The Horns of Nimon" adds an extended prologue that explains how Soldeed first met the Nimon. He's sent inside the Nimon vessel at gunpoint to make First Contact because he's the closest thing they have to a scientist (he's just a technician). After the Nimon give him the power to take over what's left of the Skonnon Empire, he gets delusions of grandeur and tries to act like a real scientist, which throws him for a loop when the Doctor shows up. The Doctor thinks the Nimon are from another universe. The ending is expanded to show how Skonnos and Aneth will cope following the events of the story.
    • The novelisation of "Meglos" gives the "abducted earthling" a name — George Morris — and a backstory as an assistant bank manager. His abduction by the Gaztaks, whom he believes at first are students carrying out one of their Rag Week pranks, is shown in the opening pages. The novelisation makes it clear the "Gaztak" is a broad term for mercenary bands, not referring only to Grugger's group. The novel answers the question of how Meglos' species would be able to advance technologically as immobile cacti by their ability to take over the minds of other beings, implying that, despite what was shown, they are able to do it without technological adjuncts. The novelisation ends with an epilogue in which George Morris returns to Earth.
    • The novelisation of "Full Circle" adds a prologue which features the Starliner crashing, the Marshmen dragging outlers under the water as a kind of planetary defense system, Nefred interfacing with the system files, the Doctor trying to save the marshchild after failing to save a "witch" from being burnt, and an additional scene which features a spider jumping from K9's headless body onto the Doctor's face.
    • The novelisation of "Warrior's Gate" begins with a depiction of how the slavers' spaceship ended up in the void. According to the novelisation, Aldo and Royce came with the ship when Rorvik hired it. The fate of the rogue Gundan is revealed.
    • In the novelisation of "Logopolis", the Doctor receives a message from Traken about Tremas while Adric is occupied reading Paradise Lost. The Master's TCE stinks of ozone. The Watcher is expanded upon.
    • In the novelisation of "Castrovalva", Nyssa worries that the Doctor will get high altitude edema. The Master set up the trap 500 years ago.
    • In the novelisation of "Kinda", the relationship between Hindle and Sanders is explored in greater detail.
    • In the novelisation of "The Visitation", it's explained that the Doctor realizes who the Terileptils are because they left their tag on their escape capsule; this was not explained in the televised story.
    • The novelisation of "Black Orchid" adds a scene where Tegan attempts to explain the game of cricket to Nyssa and Adric.
    • In the novelisation of "Earthshock", the sudden and unexplained reactivation of the Cyber-Leader's secondary garrison is explained as a side-effect of the secret passageway to the Cybermen's makeshift control centre slamming shut, setting the delicate instrumentation of their equipment into action and reviving the warriors. The effect of the Earthshock bomb planted in Professor Kyle's archaeological site is said to be enough to blow the entire planet apart should it be planted at the focal point of several geological fault lines. Several mentions are made of a Galactic Congress hosting the interstellar conference on Earth.
    • In the novelisation of "Snakedance", scenes on life on Manussa and supporting characters is expanded upon. The Doctor explains that "Sumaran Empire" translates to "Empire of the Mara". The Doctor reflects on how no one listened to him until it was too late.
    • The novelisation of "Mawdryn Undead" delved in more detail into the Brigadier's decline and Turlough's contempt for his school.
    • The novelisation of "Terminus" adds a scene where Turlough tries to kill Tegan. According to the novelisation, the ship is from another universe. The Garm was imported from a radioactive planet. The raiders prepare for raids with self-hypnosis. Olvir turned to piracy when his sister's medical bills broke his family's wealth.
    • In the novelisation of "Enlightenment", The Eternals are expanded in greater detail.
    • In the novelisation of "Warriors of the Deep", the world of 2084 is explored in more detail. Ichtar is clearly identified as the unnamed Silurian previously encountered by the Third Doctor in "Doctor Who and the Silurians". Tegan's foot is undamaged when trapped under the heavy door "by a kind of freak accident". An attempted rescue of the Doctor by Turlough and Preston that was cut from the televised version is retained.
    • The novelisation of "Planet of Fire" adds a scene where Turlough finds the graves of his parents.
    • The novelisation of "Vengeance on Varos" adds a scene with the Governor and his personal butler, Sevrin, in his home when the Chief Officer requests him to return to the Dome regarding Sil. During the first meeting with the Governor and Sil, Sil rocks his water-tank so hard, he falls over; no such thing occurred in the televised story. The Chief Officer orders Jondar's chains to be tightened after he has avoided the laser for too long. Peri is strapped into the Governor's chair when interrogated by him and threatened with the cell disintegrator. In the Punishment Dome and across the planet, there are lines of Monorails linked, across the planet. Sil's bearers are Thoros Alphans. Arak accuses the morgue attendants' deaths of being faked. It is revealed Jondar was arrested after sneaking into the officers' dome and witnessing the luxury they live in. The "safe exit" is revealed to lead onto the poisonous surface of Varos. The cannibals are explained as the relatives of those executed in the Punishment Dome, left to fend for themselves when they have nobody to support them.
    • The novelisation of "The Two Doctors" opens with a scant prologue, from Jamie's POV, featuring a meeting with what is implied to be the Time Lords in yellow robes in a violet, misty garden where the flowers grow as tall as trees. A fire breaks out in the main computer room while the Sixth Doctor is focusing his mind for astral projection, forcing Peri and Jamie to move him into the corridor as the flames consume the station. The Sixth Doctor hesitates to combat Dastari, telling Jamie he was once a champion sampola wrestler. Chessene's use of coronic acid alarms Dastari, as the Rutans are the weapon's inventors. With it they decimated the Sontarans at Vollotha.
    • The novelisation of "Time and the Rani" opens with a prologue explaining how the Sixth Doctor regenerated — he banged his head on the TARDIS console.
    • The novelisation of "Delta and the Bannermen" adds an epilogue showing Billy, Delta and her daughter arriving on the brood planet, which is said to be covered in hexagonal chambers as far as the eye can see. Delta and her daughter stay on the brood planet and Billy takes the Bannermen to a galactic court before returning to the brood planet. The Doctor and Mel mention visiting the planets Zoth and Themlon.
    • The novelisation of "Dragonfire" elaborates on the ridiculous cliffhanger for part one — the Doctor is using his umbrella to try and reach a ledge lower down the cliff, but slips and loses his footing. Erick is an Aldeberian ambassador.
    • The novelisation of "Remembrance of the Daleks" contains numerous additional details, especially about the Daleks, as well as a lengthy flashback sequence depicting the creation of the Hand of Omega. The book contains far more detail on the Special Weapons Dalek, also known as "the Abomination". Its motives are explored in detail, from its inception and creation as the ultimate weapon, to the surprising fact that the firing of the weapon caused it to mutate, and become self-aware. As a result, it is closely monitored and even "feared" by other Daleks. Various Dalek campaigns are mentioned such as the Spiridon Campaign and the Movellan War. Three off screen campaigns are also mentioned in when exploring more indepth detail on the Special Weapons Dalek: Pa Jass-Gutrik, the war of vengeance against the Movellans, Pa Jaski-Thal, the liquidation war against the Thals and Pas Jass-Vortan, the time campaign — the war to end all wars. The Special Weapons Dalek fought in all these wars. The Renegade Dalek faction made use of ECM (Electronic Counter-Measure) pods in their defensive positions. These devices locked onto the casings of any Imperial Daleks who came into range and infiltrated their systems, sabotaging the life-support software so the Kaled mutant within drowned in its own nutrient fluid. The Doctor mentions the Movellan War to Ace, Rachel and Allison. The Movellan virus apparently fragmented the Daleks and left them in isolated factions. Skaro's destruction is described with full in depth detail. Several details regarding Skaro are mentioned including one thousand million Daleks, a Dalek city, rock leopards in the mountains, seas boiling, the sky turning white and the atmosphere being blown into space. There is also mention of a Dalek city on Skaro known as Mensvat Esc-Dalek. The vicar is named Reverend Parkinson and was blinded in a gas attack in World War One.
    • The novelisation of "Battlefield" adds a flashback sequence that includes an unknown future incarnation of the Doctor, who has red hair and wears a camel-hair coat. There is an extra opening sequence of Bambera being summoned to Geneva to be breached on the nuclear missile transport. There is extra background material of Morgaine and Mordred receiving Excalibur's signal, including Mordred being summoned from a tavern with his drinking partner. Excalibur's signal causes a storm, which is what grounds the convoy. Material from earlier drafts that was never filmed is included, such as Rowlinson going to help Lavel after the helicopter crash, the Brigadier taking charge of Lavel's remains and Doris attempting to get information on casualties. It also uses the idea of the Destroyer initially appearing as an aristocratic man in a 20th century business suit, with his shadow being that of his demon self. The Destroyer kills a group of soldiers who try to help Ace and Shou Yuing at the hotel. The novelisation includes dates not given on screen: Walmsley's tax disc reads 30.6.99 (suggesting a setting of late 1998 or early 1999), while Liz Shaw's old UNIT pass expired on 31.12.75. Ancelyn's back story is given: He was a Knight General in Morgaine's army who deserted because of an ancient family pledge to answer Arthur's call. He refuses to give UNIT information on Morgaine's army because of his old oaths. Ancelyn is specified as the one who killed the Knight Commander. Rowlinson reveals he is a retired police officer.
    • The novelisation of "The Curse of Fenric" includes flashback scenes to parts of the backstory, including interludes telling the story of the Doctor's first encounter with Fenric and the flask's journey to Northumbria. It fleshes out several of the characters; in particular, it shows that Millington had been madly in love with Judson for decades, and was the one to (accidentally) cripple him out of jealousy. Feelings between the two London evacuees are also hinted at to an even greater degree than the TV episodes, and it reveals that Judson's nurse is a Soviet spy informing on the ULTIMA project to the Russians. It even fleshes out Miss Hardaker, the prudish old woman who is billeting the evacuees, stating that as a younger woman she got pregnant after a reckless visit to Maiden's Point with a boy she knew, hence her bitterness about the subject in the present day. Judson's ULTIMA project is said to be a result of Interservice Rivalry — the Navy want their own equivalent of Turing's group at Bletchley Park. The Doctor recites the names of his past companions to overcome the Haemovores: Susan, Ian, Barbara, Vicki, Steven, Jo and Sarah Jane. Prozorov is renamed Trofimov and frequently thinks of his wife Irena and daughter. It is mentioned that he and Sorin investigated the deaths in Trannsylvania. Vershinin's rank is given as corporal, which is not clear on screen. There is dialogue indicating that Ace, Jean and Phyllis are not "maidens". (This was scripted but cut down during filming and removed entirely during editing.) The Doctor's name is obscured by a splodge on his forged authorisation. The Haemavores that kill Petrossian are said to be the missing commandos. The refugees are said to have arrived that day, explaining why Bates mistakes Ace for one. The Doctor tells Ace she can hear the psychic "singing" against the Haemavores because she is slightly telepathic. The Ancient Haemavore helps Fenric because he believes he will return him to his own time. Ace mistakes the Doctor's reference to the flask coming from the Orient, believing he means Leyton Orient Football Club.
  • Adaptation-Induced Plot Hole:
    • Doctor Who and the Space War removes the "Frontier in Space" twist Cliffhanger ending of the Doctor getting shot, but both Doctor Who and the Planet of the Daleks and "Planet of the Daleks" start with the Doctor near-fatally wounded.
    • The adaptation of "The Robots of Death" has an utter howler when a character shows up to watch the Doctor being tortured, who was last encountered having been strangled to death.
  • Adaptation Name Change:
    • Susan Foreman becomes Susan English in "Doctor Who in an Exciting Adventure with the Daleks"
    • David Campbell is called David Cameron at the start of "Doctor Who and the Crusaders", predating the birth of the British prime minister of the same name.
    • Several novelisations present Telos as the Cybermen homeworld, and Mondas as a later colony, instead of the other way around. (The TV series eventually decided to go with the Cybermen originating independently on multiple worlds, including Mondas and Telos, in "The Doctor Falls".)
    • In the novelisation of "The Enemy of the World", two of the gunmen in the hovercraft are renamed; Anton is named Tony and Curly is named Tibor.
  • Alice Allusion:
    • The novelisation of "The Tomb of the Cybermen" makes Victoria blonde, to resemble the Tenniel version of Alice.
    • In the novelisation of "The Mind Robber", the Master of the Land dresses Zoe as Alice, so that the narrative sends her tumbling down a deep hole.
  • All There in the Manual: Some stories, particularly "Warriors' Gate" and about half of the Seventh Doctor's later adventures, are much easier to follow in the novelisations than they were on screen. One particularly notorious example is the novelisation to "Dragonfire", which in the TV version had a scene wherein the Doctor hangs off a cliff by his umbrella for what appears to be absolutely no reason whatsoever; the novel explains that the Doctor is using it to try and reach a ledge lower down, but slips and loses his footing.
  • Anachronism Stew: The novelisation of "The Time Warrior" includes a reference to Irongron's kitchen staff peeling potatoes, centuries before potatoes were introduced to Europe.
  • And I Must Scream: Kerensky's death in the novelisation of "City of Death". He's aged to death in the episode but in the novel the process is told from his point of view. He watches years go by as the room around him stays the same. He even writes the formula for a field interface stabilizer which could get him out, but he's powerless to use it. It's said that he's eventually killed by sheer boredom.
  • Appeal to Obscurity: In the novelisation of "The Silurians", a scientist uses this excuse to keep quiet about the Silurians, rather than go public and find his place in history obscured by journalists and politicians, by mentioning the controversy over who invented the radio (it wasn't Marconi).
  • Artistic License – Paleontology: The back cover of Doctor Who and the Cave Monsters boasts that the story contains "a 40 ft. high Tyrannosaurus rex, the biggest, most savage mammal which ever trod the earth!" No T. rex fossil ever found has been that big; the largest one is 40 feet long from nose to tail. And then there's that other bit — while most of us aren't experts on the subject, we could probably tell you that T. rex was not a mammal...
  • Ascended Extra:
    • The novelisation of "The Mythmakers" elevates Cyclops, Odysseus's servant, to narrator and a much more omnipresent character. Not only does he survive, but he's blinded by the blow that killed him in the TV show, and goes on to become the blind poet Homer.
    • Forester, Bruce's deputy, has more lines in the novelisation of "The Enemy of the World", as opposed to none in the televised story.
  • The Atoner: The novelisation of "The Daleks' Master Plan" plays up this aspect for Sara and makes it a big part of her character. She is haunted by nightmares of her brother's final moments and continually beats herself up over the fact that she blindly believed Mavic Chen when he said that Bret was a traitor. While she does genuinely want to stop the Daleks and Mavic Chen from destroying the universe, a major secondary reason is that she doesn't want the death of Bret to be in vain.
  • Author Catch Phrase:
    • Terrance Dicks had many stock phrases that were repeatedly deployed in his novelisations; for instance, the Fifth Doctor was always "a young man with a pleasant open face", and that noise the TARDIS makes was invariably "a wheezing, groaning sound".
    • In Christopher Bidmead's novelisations, the TARDIS makes "a whirring, chuffing sound".
    • In two of Nigel Robinson's contributions to the series, he refers to Susan as looking "Oriental" or "Asiatic," which can be fairly jarring to readers several decades on.
  • Batman Gambit: According to the "Warriors' Gate" novelisation, Biroc set up the events of the entire story, simply by causing the TARDIS and the privateer to land at the gateway and then letting events take their natural course.
  • Beige Prose: Many of the less inspired novelisations.
  • Bowdlerise:
    • Doctor Who and the Sunmakers, novelised by Terrance Dicks, depicts the rebellious citizens as immediately feeling guilty and regretful after they throw Hade off the roof (as opposed to joyous cheering in the original "The Sun Makers") because Dicks felt that an all-ages show shouldn't condone the casual murder of helpless prisoners, no matter how villainous.
    • Dicks' Doctor Who and the Web of Fear removes the anti-semitic undertones of the first episode, mainly by changing the name of the avaricious Silverstein to something less obviously Jewish.
  • Bureaucratically Arranged Marriage: Doctor Who and the Doomsday Weapon, the novelisation of "Colony in Space", adds extra details about life on Overindustrialised Future Earth; one of the mining ship's officers recalls how the faceless megacorporation he works for "takes care" of its employees, arranging their accommodation, education, and, if the Company considers it necessary, marriages. They do try to arrange compatible matches, but probably only because unhappy employees are bad for productivity, and the matching process involves a stack of employee profiles and a computer in the personnel department, as opposed to, say, people getting to meet people. In his case, he agreed to be married as a condition of his next promotion, and then heard no more about it until he returned from a voyage to find his new wife waiting for him in the kitchen.
  • Character Name and the Noun Phrase: With occasional exceptions ("The Three Doctors", "Death to the Daleks"), every novelisation until 1982 was titled Doctor Who and the X. Disappointingly, the novelisation of "Doctor Who and the Silurians", the only TV story with that kind of title, was Doctor Who and the Cave Monsters, not Doctor Who and the Doctor Who and the Silurians. And, of course, the Doctor's name isn't actually "Doctor Who".
    • Oddly enough, it was the novelisations' constant references to the character as "the Doctor" that cemented the I Am Not Shazam viewpoint in fandom.
  • Composite Character:
    • In the novelisation of "The Silurians", the Silurian that is wounded and forced to the surface is also the younger Silurian who kills the leader, a distinction which is not made clear in the television story (where the two are played by different actors).
    • The novelisation of "The Invasion of Time" combines the characters of Jasko and Ablif into a single character. The character in the book is named, appropriately enough, "Jablif".
  • Compressed Adaptation: Any of the novelisations that tried to cram six or more episodes into less than 150 pages.
  • Continuity Nod: The novelisation of "City of Death" adds continuity nods including Romana noting that she prefers Count Scarlioni as a villain over Davros, and the Doctor using the fast return switch to return to Paris from Florence.
  • Covers Always Lie: The US Pinnacle covers featured more impressive versions of the sometimes feeble monsters in the actual stories (Target Books made sure not to do this). Doctor Who and the Day of the Daleks depicts a very badass UNIT spaceship, which never appeared in the show or anywhere else!
  • Darker and Edgier: The novelisation of "The Enemy of the World" was infamous for containing swear words and bloody violence.
  • Death by Adaptation:
    • Luigi Ferrigo in Doctor Who and the Crusaders.
    • Lolem in "The Underwater Menace" (he probably dies off-screen in the TV story but the novelisation makes sure).
    • Roberts in Doctor Who and the Cave Monsters.
    • Ahmed and the other workers in "Pyramids of Mars". In the TV series, they're assumed to survive after the action moves to England, but the novelisation states that they were killed off-screen by cultist henchmen.
    • Zbrigniev in "Battlefield".
    • Vershinin and Bates in "The Curse of Fenric".
    • Harvey, Len and Derek in "Survival".
  • Derelict Graveyard: The novelisation of "The Mysterious Planet" sets the Time Lords' space station in one (following the original script).
  • Disco Dan: In the novelisation of "Shada", Chris is a mild example. His long hair and flared trousers are just starting to be very out of fashion in 1978, and he feels alienated by how all the young undergrads are dressed in tight jeans and short hair. He also gives preferential treatment to a student wearing a Jethro Tull t-shirt because he feels like he looks more normal. Skagra unintentionally comes off as this because his ceremonial alien overlord gear looks to humans like a ridiculous disco costume, leading to passers-by to mock him in the street. He considers this to be awe.
  • Divided for Publication: "The Daleks' Master Plan" was split into two books. "The Trial of a Time Lord" was split into four books, but it had been originally produced as four separate TV stories and comes across more as a season with an unusually strong Story Arc than as a single story.
  • Doesn't Like Being Touched: Harrison Chase in the novelisation of "The Seeds of Doom".
  • Early-Bird Cameo: Those novelisations that were published some years after the TV story was broadcast sometimes added in references to later stories.
    • The novelisation of "The Chase" specifies that the Daleks' time machine is powered by taranium, a detail not established on screen until "The Daleks' Master Plan", the following Dalek story. Also, Steven lists the conflict fought against the Draconian Empire and the Third Dalek War as factors which put an end to Earth's expansionist phase; the Draconians were not introduced on TV until "Frontier in Space" during the Third Doctor's era.
    • The novelisation of "The Time Meddler" has a notorious line where the Doctor refers to the Monk as a Gallifreyan, leading fans who relied on the novelisations to believe that the Doctor's home planet had been named eight years earlier than it was on TV.
    • The novelisation of "The Power of the Daleks" mentions UNIT and Sarah Jane in the prologue, and describes the space colony on Vulcan as being part of the Interplanetary Mining Corporation, the evil company in the later story "Colony In Space".
    • The novelisation of "The Evil of the Daleks" reveals that the Dalek Emperor was the Dalek that shot Davros.
    • In the novelisation of "The Web of Fear", Col. Lethbridge-Stewart says that he plans to set up an organisation to deal with things such as these. He muses that he might send the government a memo...
    • The novelisation of "The Mind Robber" makes reference to the Master, to clear up the oddity of that story also having an unrelated villain called the Master (or the Master of the Land). (This contradicts TV continuity, though, in that, when the Master first appeared onscreen, he had only recently adopted that name.)
    • In the novelisation of "Terror of the Autons", the bomb that the hypnotised Professor Philips uses to try to kill the Doctor and Jo was retconned into a Sontaran hand grenade.
    • In the novelisation of "The Mind of Evil", the Brigadier is mentioned as dreaming of his time as a subaltern with Doris, who was not mentioned on screen until "Planet of the Spiders".
    • In the novelisation of "The Time Monster", the device with which the Master pulls soldiers and weapons out of the past to attack UNIT is compared to the Time Scoop from "The Five Doctors".
    • In the novelisation of "City of Death", it is mentioned that the Jagaroth came to earth tracking a Racnoss energy signal, and that the Doctor and Romana have previously visited the Medusa Cascade.
    • The novelisation of "Shada" nods to The TV Movie (temporal orbit), "The Shakespeare Code" (Carrionites), "The Stolen Earth" (time locks), "The End of Time" (Visionaries), and "The Doctor's Wife" (the Corsair), etc.
    • The Doctor uses his sonic screwdriver in the novelisation of 1967's "The Faceless Ones"; on TV, the sonic wasn't introduced until "Fury from the Deep", a year later. The novelisation of the following story, "The Evil of the Daleks", also mentions the sonic screwdriver, this time with an excuse as to why the Doctor doesn't use it.
    • In the novelisation of "Vengeance on Varos", there are numerous mentions of Sil's superior, Lord Kiv - a character who would not appear until "Mindwarp".
  • Early Installment Weirdness: Quite a lot of this. The three novels originally published in the 1960s weren't subject to the familiar Target rules; in particular, they're all well over 150 pages. While Doctor Who and the Zarbi is pitched at about the same reading level as Target aimed for, David Whitaker's two are aimed at adult readers, with developed characters, polished prose, and, it has to be said, a certain amount of child-unfriendly violence. The first one takes the form of a first person account by Ian Chesterton. Additionally, they sometimes refer to the Doctor (in description, not dialogue) as "Doctor Who". (The very first Doctor Who novelisation does not, though.)
  • Exact Words: In the novelisation of "The Space Museum", the door to the armory is linked to a Lie Detector and only opens when someone can truthfully answer to a series of questions about their identity, authorization, and purpose. Unlike in the TV version, no reprogramming is required to bypass it, only the realisation that it's programmed to assess the truthfulness of the answers but not their meaning — Vicki tells it exactly who they are, that they have no authorisation to remove weapons from the armory, and that they're taking the weapons for the purpose of "Revolution!", and the machine promptly lets her in.
  • Everybody Lives: Unlike in the original story, Gareth Roberts' "Shada" rewrites the ending of the story to achieve this.
  • Even Evil Has Standards: In the novelisation of "Remembrance of the Daleks", the Daleks, Omnicidal Maniacs one and all, really aren't comfortable with the Special Weapons Dalek, because they think that, by Dalek standards, it's a dangerous insane killer.
  • Famous, Famous, Fictional: In the novelisation of "Time and the Rani", Za Panato and Ari Centos are listed as two of the scientists kidnapped by the Rani in addition to the familiar Earth names.
  • Fangirl: In the novelisation of "Shada", the Ship is fascinated by the Doctor and starts seeking out and watching old holographic video footage of his adventures, which are strongly implied to just be Doctor Who episodes. She becomes a serious fan, and eventually forces Skagra to watch them all with her in the hope that he'll learn some good moral lessons from the stories. (The script has elements of this, but the novel really plays them up.)
  • Floating Head Syndrome: The novelisations often had the Doctor's floating head, especially on covers by Chris Achilleos, who traditionally did the heads in monochrome and the rest of the picture in colour. See some examples here.
  • Foreshadowing:
    • "The Crusaders" opens with the Doctor and his companions having a conversation about the mutability of history while playing 'Martian chess'. The outcome of the chess game foreshadows the political maneuvrings later in the story.
    • The novelisation of "Logopolis" gives an early clue as to who the Watcher is. When the Doctor sends Adric and Nyssa away from Logopolis, he entrusts them to the Watcher. Aboard the TARDIS, the Watcher silently summons Adric alone and apparently has a dialogue with him. Afterward, Adric claims that although he remembers the Watcher's instructions, he can't quite remember what the Watcher's voice sounded like except that it sounded familiar.
  • Fourth Wall: Played with in the novelisation of "The Mind Robber", the adventure in which the Doctor and his companions visit the Land of Fiction. The novelisation is set entirely within the Land: it begins with the scene where the Doctor wakes up there (filling in earlier events through flashback), and ends when the Doctor and his companions leave.
  • Framing Device: Each of Donald Cotton's three Hartnell-historical novelisations: "The Myth Makers" has Homer deciding to tell, just this once, the story of what really happened at the Siege of Troy; "The Gunfighters" has Doc Holliday on his deathbed telling a journalist the story of what really happened at the OK Corral; and "The Romans" is presented as a collection of contemporary documents telling the story of what really happened in the lead-up to the Great Fire of Rome.
  • Freudian Excuse: Spoofed in the novelisation of "Shada". Skagra talks about his planet to Romana, explaining how a rogue Time Lord conquered his planet, brainwashed the populace and, when he eventually left for Gallifrey again, the people were unable to handle their own emotions after centuries of repression and tore each other apart in an unspeakable war that almost destroyed the entire planet. Romana is horrified and expresses pity for his people, until Skagra informs her that it happened thousands of years before he was born and that they were not his people. He then shows her the planet from his point in history, a rich, laid-back, beachy Pleasure Planet with a primary import of ice cream. Romana is slightly less able to sympathise with this, no matter how much he insists that his people's shallowness and consumerism was unbearable to someone as brilliant and clever as him.
  • Functional Genre Savvy: In the novelisation of "Shada", the Doctor appears to project this into people around him, as a kind of force-of-personality-transmitted Theory of Narrative Causality, railroading his accomplices into the role of The Watson regardless of how they might feel about it.
    • Clare gets a whole scene where she realises that she is like this and, as a result, is incapable of reacting sensibly towards the huge Rummage Sale Reject eccentric who claims to be an alien looking through her stuff — instead describing that she feels an inexplicable love and generosity towards him as if he was a nostalgic fixture of her childhood, and a strong desire for him to take her with him. She knows she should be intimidated and trying to get rid of him, but instead feels that she has no choice but to find him charming, ask helpful questions and do whatever he asks her to.
    • The book's version of Chris is somewhat less like this, as he's mainly concerned with the long-term scientific implications of everything that happens to him, but he also has his moments — as he hangs around the Doctor, despite becoming braver and more curious, he also sinks further into being a Non-Action Guy, commenting in his internal monologue that helping out the Doctor just makes you feel all "girly", sweetly curious and dependent on him for protection.
  • Getting Crap Past the Radar: Malcom Hulke's novelisation of "Invasion of the Dinosaurs" fairly obviously made the Anti-Villain Henchman to that story's main Anti-Villain into a gay man, which the original serial had (for fairly obvious reasons) not even implied. Pretty daring for a mid-1970s book intended for children. This reinforced an Aesop present in the original story but emphasized in the novelisation that the villains consisted of emotional cripples who wanted to Ret Gone away the present world because they just didn't fit in with the current one. (Again, gay people found it harder to gain acceptance in those days.)
  • Good Scars, Evil Scars: In "Doctor Who and the Dinosaur Invasion" (based on "Invasion of the Dinosaurs"), the Anti-Villain Butler has a distinctive scar on his face (which he didn't have in the TV version; it was added because he shows up in several different scenes before being named, and the author needed a way to signal to the reader that it was the same character each time). The trope is played with: Butler is a Well-Intentioned Extremist, and when Sarah Jane remarks on his Evil Scar he reveals that he got it while saving somebody's life.
  • Grand Finale: The novelisation of "The Evil of the Daleks" can have this feel. It was the final TV story to be novelised under Target and makes references to earlier Dalek stories. The way it is presented can make it seem like this is the finale to the Daleks.
  • Hate Dumb: Skagra's hatred for the Doctor is played like this in the novelisation of "Shada", as a form of Fandom Nod. He spends a good deal of time watching archive footage of the Fourth Doctor's adventures, and criticises them in the same manner of a fan criticising the writing and acting of Doctor Who serials. His hatred for the Doctor builds, to the point where he eventually has a vision of his future and is horrified and confused to discover that it is apparently "the Doctor, forever". We find out why this is when his eventual Cool and Unusual Punishment is to be imprisoned inside a room with an in-universe Doctor Who fangirl who wants him to watch every single record of his adventures, with her Squeeing about it the whole time, in order (starting with a description of the first shot of the first episode of the Doctor Who TV show, just so we get the message). This reduces him to howls of Angrish.
  • Hotter and Sexier:
    • The novelisation of "Shada" plays the Doctor's relationship with Skagra's Ship with copious Does This Remind You of Anything?, making it resemble an affair between an open-minded stranger and a sexually-repressed housewife sneaking around behind the back of her Jerk Ass husband. For instance, when he teaches her how to open a time Vortex, this is played as if he's giving her her first orgasm.
    • The book's version of Clare's first visit to Professor Chronotis's study. In the filmed version she's neatly buttoned up with her hair in a prim bun, in the book she's dishevelled in a way that automatically makes Willkins assume she's sneaking out of a male student's digs, or possibly a male don's study (but not Chronotis's. He's such a nice old man.)
  • Iron Lady: The novelisation of "The Seeds of Death" gives a little of Gia Kelly's backstory:
    Even now, in the twenty-first century, the equality of women was still more theoretical than practical. It remained as true as ever that, to attain the highest rank, a woman had to be not simply as good as, but measurably better than, her male colleagues.
    Miss Kelly was as capable as she was ambitious. Her early promotion had been obtained by the stern repression of any softer, more human qualities that might get in the way of her efficiency. The opinion amongst T-Mat technicians was that Gia Kelly was a cold-hearted witch, and you'd better not slip up while she was around.
  • The Immodest Orgasm: In the novelisation of "Shada", Skagra's ship apparently really likes time travel.
  • Leaning on the Fourth Wall: The novelisation of "Shada" makes multiple references to how 1970s Doctor Who was originally broadcast in serial format on Saturday evenings, to the point that it's a Running Gag:
    • For goodness' sakes, thought the Doctor, why weren't all these tourists, roadies and nuns at home watching television on a Saturday evening like normal people.
    • He... permitted himself just a tinge of inward pleasure at the thought of scrambled eggs on toast and the BBC's Saturday serial in a few hours...
    • The Doctor's shoulders slumped. 'And I usually like Saturdays,' he said.
  • Lighter and Softer: The novelisations by Terrance Dicks often softened more mean-spirited elements of the plots to fit what Dicks considered to be the show's moral code. An obvious example is in his version of "The Sunmakers", where, after murdering the oppressive government official who is driving them to suicide, the rebels feel like they have done something awful and express shame that it was necessary. In the original story, after they kill him, a huge cheer goes up and the people immediately start partying.
  • Long Title: The first-ever Doctor Who novelisation was titled Doctor Who in an Exciting Adventure with the Daleks (with Doctor Who in big letters). This was shortened to Doctor Who and the Daleks on subsequent editions.
  • Lost Common Knowledge: Alice's Adventures in Wonderland is not known to anyone in Zoe's city, according to "The Mind Robber" novelisation.
  • Magnetic Hero: Lampshaded in the novelisation of "Shada", where Clare, who is unusually clever, notices the magnetic effect that the Doctor has on her mind (depicted as being borderline Emotion Control) and finds it a bit creepy, not to mention a bit sexist as she finds herself acting like a Neutral Female as a result. Her attempts to defy her desire to love and trust the Doctor and do everything he says drive her to start solving the mystery herself, leading to her accidentally launching the TARDIS of a retired Time Lord.
  • Mucking in the Mud: In "The Curse of Fenric", Ace has a harder time helping Kathleen and Audrey to escape from the haemovores than in the televised episode, because the Land Rover they're trying to escape in is stuck in mud and won't move until they put sacks under the wheels.
  • My Nayme Is: The novelisation of "Shada" makes a Call-Forward out of the fact that Clare is spelt without an "i".
  • Mythology Gag:
    • In the novelisation of "City of Death", Romana describes Kerensky's computer as a "clever prime", in reference to a series of adverts for Prime Computer produced in 1980 featuring the Doctor and Romana.
    • Throughout "Shada", The Worshipful and Ancient Law of Gallifrey is described as "a small red book, about five inches by seven". The paperback edition of the novelisation is a red book. It's five inches wide and seven (and a half, admittedly) inches tall. (This is also an allusion to a basically identical cover art/book MacGuffin gag being used in The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy.)
  • Named by the Adaptation:
    • In the novelisation of "An Unearthly Child", the father of Za is named Gor.
    • In the novelisation of "The Space Museum", the Morok commander is named as Ogrek and the Morok that Ian captures is named Pluton.
    • The novelisation of "The Daleks' Master Plan" gives names to the police officers the Doctor and Steven meet in the episode "The Feast of Steven".
    • According to the novelisation of "The Highlanders", the inn is named The Sea Eagle and the sergeant is named Klegg.
    • The novelisation of "The Underwater Menace" gives Professor Zaroff's first name as Hermann.
    • In the novelisation of "The Tomb of the Cybermen", the Earth expedition ship is named the Orbiter.
    • The novelisation of "The Abominable Snowmen" expands on Edward Travers' unsuccessful life, and his old rival is named as Professor Walters.
    • The novelisation of "The Enemy of the World" gives full names to several characters who were given only one name in the TV version. Fedorin is given the first name of Nicholas, Benik is given the first name of Theodore, and Fariah is given the first name of Neguib. Colin has the last name of Redmayne and Mary has the last name of Smith.
    • First names not present in the televised version of "Fury from the Deep" are included in the novelisation: Frank Harris, Mick Carney, Pieter van Lutyens, David Price and Ronald Perkins.
    • In the novelisation of "The Invasion", the Russian shuttle base is named Nykortny, an in-joke referring to Nicholas Courtney.
    • The novelisation of "The War Games" gives the full name of the SIDRATs as "Sidereal Interdimensional Robot All-purpose Transporters".
    • The novelisation of "The Silurians" gives the names Okdel, Morka and K'to to the characters who appear in the cast list as Old Silurian, Young Silurian and Silurian Scientist. Miss Dawson is given the first name of Phyllis.
    • In the novelisation of "Terror of the Autons", Mrs Farrel is given the first name of Mary, and Goodge is given the first name of Albert.
    • In Doctor Who and the Doomsday Weapon, the novelisation of "Colony in Space", the IMC robot is named Charlie.
    • The novelisation of "The Daemons" gives some characters first or last names: Bert is given the last name Walker, Thorpe is given the first name Ron and Winstanley's full name is given as Montmorency Vere de Vere Winstanley.
    • In the novelisation of "The Sea Devils", several characters are given first names: Thomas Robbins, Robert Walker, Robin Ridgeway and Tony Mitchell. Several of the SS Pevensey Castle's crew are given names or nicknames: the radio operator is nicknamed Sharps, the First Officer is named Mason, and several other crew members are nicknamed: the Jamaican, the Scouse and Jock.
    • In the novelisation of "The Mutants", Varan's son is given a name, Vorn.
    • In the novelisation of "The Three Doctors", Mrs. Ollis has the first name of Mary.
    • In the novelisation of "Invasion of the Dinosaurs", the two soldiers who are present when the Doctor and Sarah are arrested are named Smith and Wilkins.
    • In the novelisation of "Planet of the Spiders", a soldier is named as Corporal Hodges.
    • The novelisation of "Robot" gives Professor Kettlewell the first name Jeremiah.
    • In the novelisation of "Terror of the Zygons", Monro's first name is Jock and the UNIT Corporal is named Palmer.
    • The Mutt in "The Brain of Morbius" is given the name Kriz, and his species - which had been a mistake - is not mentioned.
    • According to the novelisation of "The Hand of Fear", Professor Watson's first name is Owen and Abbott's first name is Tom.
    • In the novelisation of "The Ribos Operation", the tracer device is called the Locatormutor Core. Romana graduated from the Academy with a Triple Alpha while the Doctor graduated with Double Gamma on the second attempt (the televised version doesn't name the grades they got).
    • The moon where "The Power of Kroll" takes place is never named on-screen. In his novelisation of the story, Terrance Dicks named the moon Delta III.
    • In the novelisation of "City of Death", Countess Scarlioni is given the first name Heidi. The sketcher from the café is named Bourget. The tour guide is named Madame Henriette. The art appreciators are named Harrison and Elena. The Jagaroth ship is named the Sephiroth.
    • The novelisation of "Shada" gives a name to the man Skagra murders to steal his knowledge of 1970s Earth - David Taylor. It also expands on his character and gives him a small role in the ending.
    • The novelisation of "Meglos" gives the "abducted earthling" the name George Morris.
    • In the novelisation of "Logopolis", the policeman using the telephone in the police box in the opening scene of the story is named as P.C. Donald Segrave.
    • The novelisation of "Kinda" identifies Todd as "Doctor Todd". The two unnamed members of the expedition who went missing before Roberts are referred to as Stone and Carter.
    • In the novelisation of "The Visitation", the Squire is named Sir John.
    • In the novelisation of "Snakedance", the Fortune Teller's name is given as Madame Zara.
    • In the novelisation of "Vengeance on Vars", the guards who fall in the acid bath are named Az and Oza. One of Sil's bearers is named Ber.
    • In the novelisation of "Paradise Towers", the Blue Kang Leader is given the name Drinking Fountain.
    • In the novelisation of "Remembrance of the Daleks", the vicar is named Reverend Parkinson.
    • In "Battlefield" Ace befriends a Chinese girl named Shou Yuing, but the serial doesn't make clear if 'Shou Yuing' is her full name, or a double familiar name like 'Sarah Jane'. In the novelisation it's stated to be the latter; her full name is Li Shou Yuing. The novelisation also names the knights who arrive with Mordred, as Sir Comus and Sir Madlamor.
  • Not So Stoic: In the novelisation of "Shada", we are repeatedly reminded that Skagra allows himself only two smiles a day and lives only on logic. The Doctor teases him about this, joking that he'll end up getting a 'mad gleam in the eye' and start saying things like "The universe belongs to me!", since that's what everyone else he deals with does, but Skagra remains impenetrable, if a little bit more attracted to Romana than he'll even admit to himself. Until his plan suddenly implodes in a way none of them saw coming, after which Chris observes Skagra crying uncontrollably in the arms of his sworn enemy the Doctor, who has bundled him up in his coat like he's trying to console a small child. Even though he gets his plan back on the rails after this, the mask has well and truly slipped, and he goes straight into the 'mad gleam' mode that the Doctor told him would happen.
  • Pardon My Klingon:
    • In the novelisation of "Shada", the Doctor at one point uses an Old High Gallifreyan swear word which is left in the text as symbol form. It is described in the footnote as untranslatable and descriptive of something far more obscene than any of the readers can apparently imagine, although it's first used in the form "___ you" and the first of the symbols looks quite a lot like a linked male-and-female symbol.
    • Parodied in the novelisation of "Shada" when Romana is shocked to discover a note from a criminal depicting the rudest Gallifreyan symbol, "the V of Rassilon". We do eventually get to see the note, and it's just a passable illustration of a hand doing the V-Sign (set in some interlocking shapes that imitate post-Re Tool depictions of Gallifreyan writing).
  • Pastiche:
    • Gareth Roberts' novelisation of "Shada" (originally by Douglas Adams) is written as a pastiche of Adams' The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy as a Mythology Gag.
    • In an attempt to salvage the novelisation of the notoriously bad TV story "The Twin Dilemma", Eric Saward wrote the book as a pastiche of Douglas Adams, complete with irrelevant comic digressions. It still wasn't very popular.
  • Pie in the Face: In the novelisation of "The Daleks' Master Plan", the Doctor is the originator of this timeless gag. Having started a pie fight, he is, of course, the one person to escape unscathed.
  • Pragmatic Adaptation: Some of the books broaden the stories and provide insights into the characters' thoughts and evoke wonderful moods not necessarily shown in the televised stories. The novelisations for "The Crusade", "The Silurians" and "The Daemons" are particularly good examples.
    • The nature of the novelisations in general required some level of Pragmatic Adaptation; they were, almost uniformly, about 100 pages long — which, considering the length of the stories they were adapting ranged from two-to-six (or in some cases ten or twelve) episodes long, meant that they would often either have to compress or add things in order to meet the page requirements.
    • The novelisation of Development Hell story "Shada" is something of an extreme example, incorporating information from what footage was completed, the known script, some Word of God, Tom Baker's copy of the script into which he had handwritten a bunch of extra jokes and stage directions for himself, two pages of notepaper with an entirely unknown scene handwritten by Douglas Adams, the Big Finish audio adaptation (which starred the Eighth Doctor) and even some borrowings from Dirk Gently's Holistic Detective Agency, in which a lot of ideas for "Shada" were reused - and that's before the copious changes Gareth Roberts made to update the story to feel more like a modern Doctor Who story, expand on the characters, add Call Forwards and fanservice, and fix plotholes. Gareth Roberts wrote in the afterword about how he thought the weaknesses of "Shada" were not down to any weakness of Douglas Adams himself, but a result of the tight deadline the story was written in originally, evidenced by how well-done the groundwork was even where he had to fix things. For instance, the original has a part where Chris figures out The Reveal that Professor Chronotis is secretly the dangerous Time Lord criminal Salyavin, placed just as the Doctor has worked out that the villain needs Salyavin's unique Exposition Beam Psychic Power for the plot to work, and just as the villain thinks Salyavin is lost forever. It seems obvious that Chris is going to announce this to the Doctor and the villain, with the best intentions, at the worst possible time - but Chronotis instead just announces his secret identity to everyone for no reason. Roberts changes this so that Chris blows it (bursting in on an added funny scene where the villain is in the throes of a Villainous Breakdown over his plan's failure and the Doctor is giving his enemy a cuddle and reassurance), saying that this is certainly what Adams wanted to happen anyway, but probably was forced to keep an earlier draft of the scene due to time pressures. Roberts also gives Skagra a proper backstory, which was omitted from the show for time reasons, and deals more with the fallout of Eccentric Mentor Chronotis actually being a legendary Outlaw in disguise.invoked
    • "The Pirate Planet" gives "Shada" a run for its money, with James Goss having access to the televised version, a rehearsal script, the very long, very different first draft, the treatments for the story, Adams' notes on the story... and the treatment for a whole other story, 'The Perfect Planet', some of which Adams ended up incorporating into "The Pirate Planet".
  • Promoted to Love Interest:
    • Doctor Who and the Crusaders gives Ian and Barbara a romantic relationship that is much more overt than the heavy hints in the TV stories.
    • In the novelisation of "Shada", the Doctor gets some fun sexual tension with a sentient spaceship. In the original her role is simply to be confused by him with a Logic Bomb, but in the book the experience (along with him also teaching her how to time travel in a way suggestively related to him teaching her how to orgasm) makes her curious about the world and eventually fall for the Doctor, who for his part is respectful but not very reciprocal of her feelings — though it's worth pointing out that when he attempts to guilt Skagra about trying to destroy the Ship, his retort (that 'a machine consciousness is worthless') is the This Means War! moment.
    • The novelisation of "Remembrance of the Daleks" adds a wartime romance to the backstories of Group Captain Gilmore and Professor Jensen, which is renewed over the course of the book.
  • Random Smoking Scene: Ian lights a cigarette while trying to help Barbara after a car crash in Doctor Who in an Exciting Adventure with the Daleks. He never smoked on the show, let alone in the story the book is an Adaptation Expansion of.
  • Related in the Adaptation: In the novelisation of "An Unearthly Child", The Old Mother is said to be the mother of Za. In the televised story, she was not specified to be related to any other character in particular.
  • Scrapbook Story: "The Romans" is presented as a collection of contemporary documents that were gathered up and suppressed to avoid embarrassing certain powerful people depicted therein.
  • Sdrawkcab Name: In the novelisation of "The Happiness Patrol", the human who became the Kandyman is named as Seivad.
  • See the Invisible: The novelisation of "The Daleks' Master Plan" adds a scene where the Doctor and his companions render one of the invisible monsters on Mira visible by throwing it in a swamp.
  • Series Continuity Error: The novelisations weren't really intended to be read end-to-end as a series, and attempting to do so will turn up some interesting continuity anomalies.
    • The earliest, and one of the most famous, is that Ian and Barbara meet the Doctor for the first time two novels in a row: Doctor Who and an Unearthly Child is the novelisation of the first TV story, and includes the scene of their first meeting; Doctor Who and the Daleks, the novelisation of the second TV story, was the first novelisation actually published, and was consequently rewritten to as Ian and Barbara's first adventure, with a new first-meeting scene at the beginning.
    • The second most famous example was that Doctor Who and the Doomsday Weapon, based on the TV story "Colony in Space", has the Doctor and Jo meeting each other for the first time at the beginning, reusing not their actual first meeting from "Terror of the Autons" but the scene later in that story in which the Master hypnotises her and sends her into UNIT HQ with a bomb.
    • The novelisation of "The Faceless Ones" has the Doctor use the sonic screwdriver in a scene where he didn't in the TV version. In the novelisation of the following story, "The Evil of the Daleks" — which follows on immediately, without the Doctor having been back inside the TARDIS in the interim — the Doctor notes that he hasn't got his sonic screwdriver because he left it in the TARDIS.
    • The novelisation of "The Dominators" faithfully retains the serial's cliffhanger ending, in which the TARDIS is threatened by an erupting volcano on the planet Dulkis. The novelisation of "The Mind Robber", which immediately follows, relocates the volcano to Earth. In turn, "The Mind Robber" novelisation ends with four people on board the TARDIS; by the start of "The Invasion" novelisation, which again should follow without a break, there are only three.
    • Doctor Who and the Space War, the novelisation of "Frontier in Space", removes the cliffhanger ending of the Doctor being shot... but he's still injured at the start of Doctor Who and the Planet of the Daleks.
  • Setting Update: The television version of "The Enemy of the World" was set in 2018, fifty years after the story aired. The novelisation, written in 1980, moved it so it would remain fifty years in the future, setting it in 2030.
  • Shout-Out:
    • In the novelisation of "The Daleks' Master Plan", two policemen (who were unnamed in the TV episode) are named Welland and Blessed, after Colin Welland and BRIAN BLESSED, two of the stars of Z Cars.
    • The novelisation of "City of Death" mentions that the Doctor once showed Romana an episode of Blue Peter.
    • The novelisation of "Shada" includes numerous shout-outs to The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy. Chronotis states that he replaced The Worshipful and Ancient Law of Gallifrey with "an Earth classic... something about thumbing a lift, and there were towels in it...". Skagra observes that the human economy seems to be based on moving small pieces of green paper around and that everyone is very excited about digital watches. Chronotis says "Time! Don't talk to me about time!", a paraphrase of Marvin's famous line. Additionally, the whole book is written in a pretty obvious pastiche of Adams' writing style.
  • Spared by the Adaptation:
    • In the novelisation of "The Space Museum", the Morok that Ian captures saves Dako and Gyar's lives by telling his superiors they are dead; in return, the Xerons spare him when they storm the headquarters and he accompanies them when they kill Lobos and Ogrek.
    • Cyclops in the novelisation of "The Myth Makers".
    • Medok in "The Macra Terror" survives the Macra attacking him in the mine and makes it to safety in time to see the TARDIS taking off.
    • Von Weich in "The War Games".
    • Orum in "Carnival of Monsters" (his death is blink-and-you'll-miss-it-being-hinted-at in the TV version but he definitely survives in the novelisation).
    • Eric in "The Time Warrior".
    • Magrik in "Revenge of the Cybermen".
    • Every single dead character in "Shada".
    • Latoni in "Black Orchid".
    • Timanov in "Planet of Fire".
  • Spoiler Title: The novelisation of "Terror of the Zygons" was originally published under the title, Doctor Who and the Loch Ness Monster, giving away the story's major twist for anyone who hadn't seen it yet.
  • Spot the Imposter: In the novelisation of "The Massacre" (which John Lucarotti based on his original scripts and contains scenes not in the televised version), Simon Duvall manages to get The Doctor and The Abbot in the same room, but can't tell which is the real Abbot. The Doctor manages to persuade him to guess wrong, with fatal consequences for the Abbot.
  • Time Skip: When "The Daleks' Master Plan" was adapted, it was turned into two books due to its length, and a six-month gap was placed between them to allow for possible future stories featuring Sara Kingdom.
  • Torture Porn: The novelisation of "The Sontaran Experiment" has a lot of Padding, due to the novel having to be around the usual length despite the televised story being much shorter than usual. What it is mostly padded with is lots and lots of torture scenes that are irrelevant to the plot.
  • Tyop on the Cover: The novelisation of "Delta and the Bannermen" has a typo on the spine, where there is only one Bannerman. (This is nothing to the typo that occurs within, at a point where one of the characters is supposed to be peering over a shelf.)
  • Unreliable Illustrator: The 1960s and 1970s novelisations were published with illustrations, which, although they didn't contradict the text, had clearly been made by somebody who'd never seen the television versions. (In some cases, not only were the details of the scene different, so were the faces of the characters.) This wasn't all bad, though. Some of the monsters are much more convincing in illustrated form than they were on the TV.
  • Watch the Paint Job: In "Battlefield", it's mentioned that Shou Yuing's 2CV had been repainted only the previous week. As in the TV serial, it gets damaged beyond repair when Morgaine's troops ambush it.
  • Weirdness Censor: There is a Running Gag in the novelisation of "Shada" that everybody, including the Doctor, instantly dismisses any negative or suspicious thought they have about Chronotis by deciding that he is just a "nice old man". This is strongly implied to be the result of a low-key use of his powers.
  • Writing Around Trademarks: In "The Green Death", the name of the evil chemical company was changed from the original Global Chemicals to Panorama Chemicals, due to legal threats from a real Global Chemicals.
  • Written Sound Effect: In the novelisation of "The Mind Robber", the Karkus's more violent actions are accompanied by words like "BAM" and "ZAP" appearing in midair.
  • You Gotta Have Blue Hair: In Doctor Who and the Doomsday Weapon, Malcolm Hulke's novelisation of "Colony in Space", it's mentioned in passing that a young woman had dyed her hair "dull blue, as was the fashion that month".


http://tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pmwiki.php/Literature/DoctorWhoNovelisations