Alice's Adventures in Wonderland is a pretty well-known work: it can be associated with world-crossing fantasy, drug imagery, lolita fashion and other aspects of Victorian England, political satire, and who knows what else. No wonder it shows up a lot in anime, shock horror (it's a frequent target of Grimmification, usually with lots of blood), and emo teen novels. (You know the kind — usually involving vampires, eating disorders, or vampires with eating disorders.)
The name "Alice", when used in a reference to Alice in Wonderland, therefore tends to be used for fantastical, ethereal characters or concepts, and that goes double if her last name is a variation on Carroll or Liddell. Dolls are also often involved, presumably by their association with the Victorian era.
Allusions like this tend to be rather dark and grim, but this makes a lot of sense considering their original source. Alice's Adventures in Wonderland and its sequel are full of Black Comedy (although the death jokes and the like in the books tend to be subtle), something that can often surprise someone who reads the original versions.
Other frequent references to Alice in Wonderland include magical white rabbits, rabbit-holes, play-card iconography, and so forth. If her appearance is shown or described, she'll most likely look like a little blonde girl wearing a blue and white dress, as popularized in the Disney animated adaptation.
Adaptations of Alice's Adventures in Wonderland are not part of this trope. Allusions, however, are.
Note that this trope is only for cases where a clear connection can be made between the name "Alice" and a reference to Alice in Wonderland. This trope is not intended to be a general list of every work (or even every fantasy or fantastical work) containing anyone named Alice, only when that name is clearly used in an effort to evoke the book. If you can't make a clear connection to Alice in Wonderland beyond the name "Alice" and a fantasy or magical-realism genre, don't list it here.
Conversely, references to Alice in Wonderland can be listed even if they don't specifically use the name "Alice", since they are not a distinct trope.
A Sub-Trope of Shout-Out.
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Anime & Manga
Alice McCoy, the mysterious, possibly dead Deus ex Machina of Digimon Tamers. She's also a blonde gothloli, for extra points. Writer Chiaki J. Konaka favours this trope.
In Gakuen Alice, the gift that gives people supernatural powers is called Alice. This is deliberately supposed to invoke Alice in Wonderland, as the currency is called "rabbits" and the main character is trapped at a Wizarding School chasing someone who's evading her.
Pandora Hearts has a rabbit character named Alice along with some other Alice in Wonderland-related imagery.
That is quite an understatement. The amount of Alice Allusions are far too many to list here, but suffice to say, practically every event, theme, character and idea from the books shall be referenced in some way, though it probably won't be obvious to the reader unless they have a very good knowledge of the books. The plots even sort of parallel at times, so in some ways the series could be described as a darker, more complex take on the books. As well as this, some references are even made to Carroll and the real-life Alice, Alice Liddell.
Alice 19th, where the protagonist (who has magical powers) is called Alice and her guide/teacher takes the form of a white rabbit. The magic system? Based on wordplay...
Alice Mizuki from Serial Experiments Lain, as confirmed by Word of God: Writer Chiaki J. Konaka states "Alice" is Lewis Carol's (sic). I often use the "Alice" as the metaphor in my scenarios. Alice in "lain" is same.
An episode of Yu-Gi-Oh! GX has a creepy doll named Alice. She uses Doll cards that allude to the Alice story.
Alice Carroll from ARIA — look at her full name, even.
The first episode of the Petshop Of Horrors anime (she doesn't show up until later in the manga) features a white rabbit named Alice, who is given to a pair of grieving parents whose only daughter died of a drug overdose. The "new" Alice also ends up dying, in a truly horrific way.
Arisu Sakaguchi from Please Save My Earth is named after Alice from Alice in Wonderland, but her parents actually made up kanji to spell it with rather than using katakana.
Project ARMS has all ARMS named after characters from the Alice books. Later, it is revealed that one of the Egrigori team members and experimental child is a blonde girl named Alice (she even reads Alice in Wonderland to the other children at one point). after she is absorbed by an alien life form, she refers to the world she creates as Wonderland.
The Ending Theme for Vampire Knight, "Still Doll", starts off with the lyrics "Hi, Miss Alice" in English, with the rest of the lyrics seeming to be about a melancholy young girl. The song is sung by Kanon Wakeshima, an Elegant Gothic Lolita, and the Music Video is full of spooky Victorian atmosphere.
King of Thorn has a Mysterious Waif named Alice. Naturally, when she needs a protector, she creates one in the form of a giant white rabbit.
Are You Alice? the protagonist strays to Wonderland and was given the name Alice, and is about to join the "Game to Kill the White Rabbit". Is there a need to mention that Alice and the Queen of Hearts are both male? Talk about Rules Don't Apply Here.
Kagihime Monogatari has Arisu/Alice Arisugawa as its main character, and the series in general is drowning in Wonderland motifs.
In Black Blood Brothers the vampire that turned the main character is a source blood named Alice. She appears in flash backs and occasional references but she died ten years before the start of the series.
No use of the name Alice, but Ouran High School Host Club contains an episode titled "Haruhi in Wonderland". The contents of the episode are exactly what the title implies.
Kyousogiga is supposed to be based off Through the Looking-Glass, though you'd have a hard time knowing it if not for the whole "finding the rabbit" gig, chess imagery, and quotes from the books.
An episode of Cardcaptor Sakura invokes this by having Sakura wear the dress while having to catch a rabbit-shaped Clow Card.
A minor sympathetic villain in the Astro City comic calls himself "The Mock Turtle" and is a huge fan of Carroll's novels.
Doctor Strange's mystical ally Agamotto appears to him as a giant caterpillar on an equally-large mushroom, smoking a hookah. Justified, since Agamotto assumes A Form You Are Comfortable With out of Strange's memories of Alice in Wonderland.
The Discworld fic White Rabbit takes the chain of allusions a step further: whilst training as a Mature Entry Assassin, Miss Alice Band gets overconfident in Mr Mericet's Poisons lab. She notices her latex glove is torn, but ignores it, despite having been warned the chemical agent they are preparing may be absorbed through the skin. Thus, the super-refined active agent found in ergot fungus, used by Assassins to distract the attention of the client's bodyguards whilst not actually killing them - LSD - takes her on a mother of a trip, set to music by Grace Slick and the Jefferson Airplane.
A Nightmare on Elm Street 4: The Dream Master has Alice Johnson, who over the course of the film acquaints herself with spectacular control over dreams ("Wonderland" anyone?), and faces her newly-uncovered looking glass before her final showdown with Fred Krueger (who she defeats by showing him a shard from a mirror).
Taken further in the comicbook Nightmares on Elm Street, as Freddy traps Alice into a dreamscape resembling Aice in Wonderland and for the climax takes the form of Jabberwocky.
There's also the Woody Allen film entitled Alice. It's the main character's name, and definitely playing with the Alice in Wonderland thing.
John Carpenter's The Ward, a story set in an insane asylum with a toy rabbit as a plot point, has Alice as the name of a ghost that apparently haunts the asylum but then it is revealed Alice is the protagonist's real name...
After the identity swap in Lost Highway, Eddie encounters a doppelganger of Renee. Her name, "Alice Wakefield", seems to refer to "Alice in Wonderland", and to imply that Alice and Eddie are alternate universe, "down the rabbit-hole" versions of Fred and Renee.
The Sight, stars Andrew McCarthy as Michael Lewis, an architect who ends up following a child murderer across London with the help of the dead. There are a lot of Alice references, such as Lewis being hired to work on the Hatter's Hotel and Alice being the name of one of the victims.
The Matrix has its ever so famous speech about the red pill or the blue. "You take the blue pill, the story ends, you wake up in your bed and believe whatever you want to believe. You take the red pill, you stay in Wonderland, and I show you how deep the rabbit hole goes."
And of course, "follow the white rabbit"
Sucker Punch has a lot of this. Babydoll looks similar to Alice, white rabbit images appear everywhere, and the song "White Rabbit" plays during the WWI sequence.
Alice Samara of Michelle Latiolais's A Proper Knowledge is known for her intriguingly unconventional floral sculptures and becomes the Manic Pixie Dream Girl for Luke, the brooding male protagonist.
French-Canadian horror novel Aliss by Patrick Sénécal is a very dark, gory and sexually explicit retelling of Alice in Wonderland. Wonderland is a strange neighbourhood in Montreal, the white rabbit is a ashamed pedophiliac based on Lewis Carroll, the Red Queen is a sadistic bordello owner and the Cheshire Cat is smiling junkie. Yeesh.
The Mad Hatter and the March Hare are lovers, their names are Bone and Chair ("Bone" is from the English and "Chair" is French from "Flesh" and they kill and dissect people to prove that humans have no souls.) The Knave of Heart is Alice's lover (at least, from her point of view.) The Catterpillar (called "Verrue" which mean "Wart") is a drug addict junkie who think that he'll became a butterfly one day. (Even if he's human like all the others characters.) The Duchess and the White Queen are fused into one character who's name is Andromaque; she's also a a bordello owner but she's nicer and more classy than the Red Queen... and she always talk in rhymes. The Cheshire Cat (called Chess) is not just a regular smiling junkie. He's a smiling junkie whose only drug is souls of dying humans.
In Girl in the Shadows by VC Andrews, the protagonist was named Alice in the hope that she would one day "fall into a Wonderland" and escape the fate of her mother, who is in a mental institution.
"Never Seen By Waking Eyes" and "The Vision of a Vanished Good" by Stephen Dedman feature an eight-year-old girl named Alice who's been eight years old long enough to have known Lewis Carroll personally.
In Jane of Lantern Hill by L. M. Montgomery, Jane explicitly tried sitting before mirrors in hopes she could emulate Alice. She finally stopped when accused of doing it for vanity.
One of the secondary characters in Night Watch and Day Watch is a witch named Alisa Donnikova. In a story told from her viewpoint, she briefly compares herself to her namesake from Lewis Carroll's story.
Near the end of Mark Dunn's Under the Harrow, a girl named Alice is saved from dying in a massacre by falling down a dark hole.
In Snyper, Phil criticizes Persephone's "Queen of Hearts" treatment of his blonde secretary Ashley, leading to a greater discussion and a suggestion that the girl dress as Alice for Halloween. Ash doesn't get the reference, thinking she means Resident Evil.
Sort of in The Last Dragon Chronicles. When David reads her an alternate universe version of Alice in Wonderland, Penny imagines up an image of a dragon child as Alice.
Mimsy Were the Borogoves is a science fiction short story by Lewis Padgett (a pseudonym of Henry Kuttner and C. L. Moore) where it is revealed that the words in Jabberwocky come from a future language that only children can fully understand. The children protagonists of the story acquire a set of scripts of this language which, if properly comprehended, can construct the formula for a time-space equation enabling them to travel to the alien destination, which they are actually able to do. (Another scene in the story shows a young Alice Liddell - the real one - talking to Carroll while reading a different set of the futuristic scripts (presumably with a different purpose); she can only partially understand them, as she's around twelve now, and he can't comprehend them at all, but he says he'll use them in his writings...)
Alice DeRaey, the protagonist on the appropriately-titled This Is Wonderland, which also started its opening credits with Lewis Carroll's poem "You Are Old, Father William," includes characters like a Stepford Smiler with a heart-motif coffeecup, a perpetually grinning and capricious judge, a man who loses track of time and runs away, a tea-drinking man who wears a big hat sometimes, and a scruffy, over-excitable March Hare type. A few of these connections may be Fan Wank, however. Unlike most Alices, she was a Deadpan Snarker who swore under her breath.
In Heroes, Angela Petrelli's sister is named Alice. Her favorite book was Alice in Wonderland.
Alice shows up on Warehouse 13 after she gets out of the mirror, but she's Ax-Crazy. Bonus points awarded for using the Jefferson Airplane song in the soundtrack of the episode.
An episode of CSI: Crime Scene Investigation features three college students doing research into the afterlife involving heavy use of paralytics, hallucinogenics, and sensory deprivation. The sole female student and the only one to make it out alive was named Alice. Especially jarring given she was Japanese.
CSI: Crime Scene Investigation did this more explicitly with an episode called "Malice in Wonderland," in which an Alice in Wonderland-themed wedding ended up with the groom dying when the force from a blank round propelled the button on his Mad Hatter hat into his brain.
CSI NY used the title "Down The Rabbit Hole" in its Second Life-themed episode, making a 'Second Life/Wonderland' comparison.
One of episode of Raines has a victim named Alice. The connection to Wonderland shapes some of Raines's hallucinations of her.
LOST is filled with literary allusions in general, and is especially fond of stories where someone is magically transported to another place. This goes for The Wizard of Oz, The Chronicles of Narnia, and the Alice books. For example, Christian Shepherd is compared to the White Rabbit in a first season episode of the same name. In the sixth season, sideways-Jack finds his old house's keys under a White Rabbit statue.
On Leverage, Parker often uses the alias Alice White.
It gets better. One of the main character in the series is something of a chess fiend, which also plays a thematic role and code throughout the series. In the last shot of the series, it could be said Parker crossed the Red King's chessboard and became a queen herself, much like Alice did.
In The X-Files episode "Paper Hearts", Agent Mulder has to face again a convicted child molester and Serial Killer who was caught thanks to Mulder's psychological profile. He cut cloth hearts from his victims' clothes and kept them hidden in a copy of Alice in Wonderland. The phrase 'Mad Hat' appeared in Mulder's dreams and also as a mark near a newly found crime scene. The murderer used to live in Alice Road in Boston, and Mulder concludes that that's how he got the idea and that he took the role of the Hatter. There was a shot with the hearts and the little girls' names attached to them, but none of them was named Alice, yet one victim was not identified...
Murdoch Mysteries: The season 4 finale called "Murdoch in Wonderland" abounds with references and allusions to Alice in Wonderland. The characters go to a costume party to honour the late Lewis Carroll. Detective Murdoch is dressed as the Mad Hatter and Dr. Julia Ogden is Alice. They play croquet, drink "potion" from flasks and write together a non-sense mirror-flipped poem. Murdoch gets drugged and has disturbing visions of falling down the hole or being too big to enter a door. A piece of beauty, this episode.
In the season 8 episode of Charmed "Malice in Wonderland" teenagers, all of whom are named with some variation of the name “Alice” (Alicia, Alexis, Alistair) are being lured down a manhole by a demon, who either shape-shifted into a white rabbit or was wearing a t-shirt with a white rabbit on it inviting them to a garden party and telling them they are very late. They turn up later with no memory and appear to have gone insane from the Wonderland-inspired illusions they experienced “down the rabbit hole”.
The Dollhouse season 1 episode "Echoes" has Echo leave an engagement to follow a news story to a nearby college, where she becomes infected with a hallucinogenic memory drug, meets various characters known to both Echo and Caroline who aren’t quite themselves and uses a manhole to break into a building. The personality imprint she has at the time is named “Alice”, and she is wearing a sort tunic dress, thigh high stockings and Mary Jane style high heeled shoes.
Jefferson Airplane singer Grace Slick has always said that White Rabbit was intended as a slap toward parents who read their children stories such as Alice's Adventures in Wonderland (in which Alice uses several drug-like substances in order to change herself) and then wondered why their children grew up to do drugs. For Grace and others in the '60s, drugs were an inevitable part of mind-expanding and social experimentation.
In the music video for "Walking on Air" by Kerli, the old man delivering the doll in the beginning resembles the Mad Hatter.
An instrumental by ex-Yes drummer Bill Bruford is called "Fainting In Coils", a reference to a comment the Mock Turtle makes about an "old conger-eel" "drawling, stretching and fainting in coils". A pun on art critic John Ruskin visiting the Liddells, teaching them tips on drawing, sketching and painting in oils, according to The Other Wiki.
John Lennonmentioned in interviews that "I Am The Walrus" is a reference to "The Walrus And The Carpenter", but in retrospect, was embarrassed to learn that the hero of the poem was supposed to be the carpenter.
The music video for Tom Petty's "Don't Come Around Here No More" is a surrealistic Alice In Wonderland pastiche with Petty as the Mad Hatter, complete with top hat.
In SLA Industries, there is a drug named Alice that causes severe hallucinations that replace the user's normal senses so well that he thinks the hallucinations are the real world.
JAGS Wonderland is all about the chaotic, infectious, hungry mess that Wonderland really is.
The Dungeons & Dragons modules EX 1 Dungeonland and EX 2 The Land Beyond the Magic Mirror, are "D&D-ified" versions of the Alice books. (The Mock Turtle becomes a dragon turtle, the "monstrous crow" is a roc, etc.)
In Cirque du Soleil's Mystere, Alice is the unofficial name of the toy snail and lovey that the baby girl loses at the beginning of the story, which results in a journey through a Magical Land to find it.
In Persona 3, Alice is the second highest-leveled Death persona, just below Thanatos. Furthermore, she's the only one who learns the most potent Darkness-type attack: Die For Me?! According to the description, she's 'the ghost of an English girl who died in 18-something'... and she looks sort of like the traditional depiction of Alice. Add on top of that that the animation for the attack Die For Me?! involves card soldiers falling out of the sky...
In Persona 4, Human!Teddie dresses up as a fairly convincing Alice in a beauty pageant. The Alice persona also returns, again holding the second highest rank among the Death personas.
In Raidou Kuzunoha vs. King Abaddon, she is a boss looking for friends. Once you beat her, she can join you, and is one of the few demons that can max out magic.
"Will you be my friend? You can only be my friend if you're dead...will you die for me?!"
In Shin Megami Tensei: Strange Journey she's chasing a white rabbit. Said rabbit turns out to be the Hare of Inaba, who runs away from her because her way of making friends reminds it when it was skinned alive.
In Devil Survivor 2 Alice is the ultimate Bonus Boss. On your second playthrough you can encounter a slew of optional bosses. Two of those are Belial and Nebiros, if you defeat them instead of dying they just run away. On Saturday you can fight Alice, Belial, and Nebiros all in one battle.
Alice Carrol (not the one from ARIA) of Rage Of The Dragons looks almost exactly like the traditional depiction of Alice, except more... moody. She's an obvious reference to the character, though, despite her dark backstory and personality.
Touhou: Alice Margatroid's Extra Stage in her PC-98 incarnation had most of the Mooks be card soldiers, and the BGM for the stage was even titled Alice in Wonderland. Another character in the game she first appears in can be though of as a red queen. The creative team's (kind of, it's only one person) name is Shanghai Alice.
Her later incarnation also uses dolls, as per the trope.
Alice Elliot in Shadow Hearts is a good example of the loli interpretation. While she herself isn't particularly gothy, the surreal nature of the entire rest of the game makes up for it. Plus she dies in the end.
If you fail to read the new tomb stone in Yuri's graveyard. Reading it get's you the good ending.
Cutesy sadist Alice from the Tales of Symphonia: Dawn of the New World. Her colour scheme is inverted (white and pink) but the style of her clothing is unmistakably gothic loli flavoured. Also, she had at one point a Deal with the Devil to control monsters, until the heroes defeated the demon... and she's since relegated to torturing them with Mind Control Devices instead. The contrast between her almost doll-like appearance and her sociopathy is extremely unnerving.
The online game trilogy Something Amiss is about a girl named Alice who finds herself at the center of a mystery and keeps on wandering into places where things don't match up.
In the online multiplayer PC game Ragnarok Online, there's a mission gravitating around the story of Kiel Hyre. He's a genius robot maker who fell in love with a woman named Allysia, then accidentally killed her. Then he went on to make a robot looking and called after her, which poses as her secretary, and four more robots (whom attack you as monsters), Alice, Aliza, Alicel and Aliot (though Aliot is a guy).
Queen Alice of A Witch's Tale, the revered sorceress who sealed away the Eld Witch. The protagonist of the game is a young girl named Liddell implied to be Alice's daughter.
Reiji Arisu from Namco × Capcom, somewhat unusual since he's male. He and his partner Xiaomu are the only members of Shinra organization the player actually sees. Their job is to deal with the evil Ouma organization, which always involves inter-dimensional travel. Both of them later appear as major characters in Super Robot Wars OG Saga Endless Frontier, where most (if not all) characters have some fairy-tale namesake, but Reiji's is the only one lampshaded by the protagonist.
Project X Zone makes it quite obvious that it's an Alice Allusion (if it wasn't already,) with Reiji's debut chapter being titled Arisu in Wonderland.
Whenever there's a hentai game with a Token Mini-Moe character in the cast of romantic prospects, her name will most likely be Arisa, the Japanized pronunciation of Alice (Alice -> Arise -> Arisa). Seriously. Well, the ones in the '90s at least. For example, the notorious Jast USA english-licensed classics True Love and Nocturnal Illusion. Best illustrated in this example.◊
American McGee's Alice. The protagonist is implied to be the one who went down the rabbit hole in the first place, but considering she is in an insane asylum and battling through Wonderland to get her sanity back, who truly knows?
The sequel, Alice: Madness Returns, does state that her last name is Liddell, in a sequence taking place outside Wonderland. So she's probably the real thing.
Lots in Kingdom of Loathing. In addition to the Looking Glass Clan VIP item, which takes you to Wonderland, there is also the Cheshire Bat, the Wild Hare (which carries a pocketwatch), a Mad Hatrack, a Frumious Bandersnatch, the Alice's Army card game (where the cards take the form similar to the soldiers from the Disney film).
This is because each month new special donation content is added, and this usually has a theme related to the month. March = March Hare = Alice in Wonderland is the usual March theme.
The secret Black Market auction in Kissed By The Baddest Bidder has a whiff of an Alice in Wonderland motif. It's referred to on at least one occasion as The Mad Hatter's Tea Party, with "rabbit" as the password to gain entrance, and the auctioneer wears a Mad Hatter-esque costume. In addition, when he first encounters the protagonist at the I.V.C. party, Ota compares her to Alice having fallen down the rabbit hole.
Alice Jones, the shy, introverted (and later in the game, decidedly creepy) Survival of the Fittest version 3 character.
Anti-Villain of The Descendants, Vorpal, has an Alice in Wonderland motif. On top of her name, her friend Mr. Voice calls her Alice because he either doesn't know her real name, or is avoiding saying it. Her Start of Darkness comes at the hands of an Operation called Jabberwock.
In the Josie stories of the Whateley Universe, the Deuteragonist is Ecila Mason. The beginning is very clearly the start of Alice in Wonderland with Ecila as Alice. By the time Josie starts her story, Ecila has been away from Earth for so long that she has lost most connections with humanity.
Elisa Masa from Gargoyles. Lampshaded in the pilot, when she, chased by mercenaries, runs into Alice in Wonderland-themed cafe.
Quite subtle, but do you think Odd Della Robbia's Lyoko form is a "giant purple note Cheshire cat" just because?
Adding fuel to the fire, he's got a cheeky personality and an impish grin.
In the Samurai Jack episode "Jack is Naked" there are more than a few Wonderland references.
Prisoner 775 from Ben 10: Ultimate Alien is clearly a reference to the Cheshire Cat. It has the exact same pattern as seen in the Disney version, and is a chameleon that can blend perfectly with it's surroundings, except for its teeth. At one point, the teeth are all that you see of it.
Young Justice has given us some thanks to Artemis's backstory: her sister took her codename from the Cheshire Cat and Artemis herself has long blond hair.
The tie-in comics drive it home: Artemis catches sight of Superboy in the middle of a fight, and directly calls him her "white rabbit" when she follows him. The two issues presenting the story of how she came to the League's notice are titled "Down the Rabbit Hole!" and "Wonderland." She also has a poster of Alice and the Cheshire Cat hanging on the wall in her bedroom.
Aang: I heard laughing and I saw some girl in a fancy dress.
Sokka: Well, there must be a tea party here and we just didn't get our invitations!
Alice the male-to-female transsexual guard from Super Jail may not seem a reference, but consider that in the pilot episode the recurring thug Jacknife steals a white rabbit, ingests something like the "drink me" potions that alters his perceptions, plus there are two naughty twins and Superjail looks like a deranged, twisted Wonderland.