Music: Alice in Chains
Influences:grunge / metal band from Seattle, Washington. Alice in Chains was one of the biggest acts of the early '90s. Founded in 1987 by frontman Layne Staley and guitarist Jerry Cantrell, they are most known for their dark, gloomy sound and vocal harmonies between Staley and Cantrell. They were arguably the first band of the grunge scene to achieve commercial success with their debut album Facelift. During this time their anthemic hit "Man in the Box" received significant play on MTV's Headbangers Ball block, giving them an audience among metal fans. Their next release was an acoustic EP called Sap, probably best known for the song "Got Me Wrong," which was featured in Clerks.Their follow up full-length album, Dirt, was released in 1992, and became a success with the mainstream audience, due in part to Nirvana's release of Nevermind and the breakout of grunge. They released another acoustic EP in 1994, titled Jar of Flies, which quickly topped the Billboard 200 charts making it the first ever EP to reach the number one spot (and remained the only EP to gain this distinction until Linkin Park released Collision Course with Jay-Z in 2004.) One year later they released their self-titled final studio album which reached number one again, and is often considered the last album of the grunge era.The group's self-titled 1995 album dealt came around the same time that Layne Staley's heroin addiction began to overwhelm the singer and caused tension within the band. By 1996, the group disbanded and Cantrell released a solo album, Boggy Depot. In 1999, the group reunited to produce a greatest hits album/box set with several new songs. Despite teasing a full-on reunion, Staley's heroin addiction culminated in him dying from an overdose in early April 2002. Staley's corpse would not be discovered until two weeks later (April 20, 2002, ironically on the eight year anniversary of the death of fellow grunge singer, Kurt Cobain's death.) After Staley's death, Alice in Chains officially disbanded.Even after his death, Layne Staley remains a major inspiration for many artists today, with many singers such as Sully Erna of Godsmack (the band claims that their name is not a reference to the AIC song of the same name, but even if it's genuinely not, the connection is hard to avoid making,) Aaron Lewis of Staind, and Chester Bennington of Linkin Park citing him as a major influence. In addition, he was an inspiration for Jerry Cantrell's second solo album, Degradation Trip and Metallica's Death Magnetic.The band reformed in 2005 for a tsunami benefit concert and began touring with a number of guest vocalists, including Phil Anselmo, Maynard James Keenan, James Hetfield, Chester Bennington, Sebastian Bach, and Ann Wilson. They chose William Duvall as their official new vocalist in 2006 and released their first new album in 14 years, Black Gives Way to Blue, in September of 2009. The album peaked at #5 on the Billboard chart and has sold in excess of 500,000 copies.On the 8th of March 2011, the band suffered its second Author Existence Failure when former bassist Mike Starr was found dead in Salt Lake City.Their fifth album, The Devil Put Dinosaurs Here, was released May 28, 2013. By its second day, it reached #1 on the iTunes' rock album chart. Even 11 years since the untimely demise of one of their most established members, the band continues their stride and stands strong.Members:
- William Duvall - vocals, guitar
- Jerry Cantrell - vocals, guitar
- Mike Inez - Bass
- Sean Kinney - Drums
- Layne Staley - vocals, guitar 1987-2002
- Mike Starr - bass, 1987-1993
- 1990 - Facelift
- 1992 - Sap
- 1992 - Dirt
- 1994 - Jar of Flies
- 1995 - Alice in Chains
- 2009 - Black Gives Way to Blue
- 2013 - The Devil Put Dinosaurs Here
The band exemplifies the following tropes:
- Ate His Gun: "Dirt" mentions this. And scraping brains from the walls.
- Bowdlerise: In the radio and video edit versions of "Man in the Box," the word "shit" is censored and rewritten in the lyrics, so that they say "Buried in my pit" in the first verse, and "Shove my nose in spit" in the second verse.
- Breakup Song: "Down in a Hole" was Cantrell's way of admitting to his long-time girlfriend that the life he had chosen as a member of a major touring act was simply not something that would allow him to maintain the relationship.
- Careful With That Axe: Layne's screams at the beginning of "Them Bones" and one in the middle of "Sickman."
- Concept Album: Every song on Dirt is in some way about death, depression or addiction. "Rooster" is the only exception, and even then death and darkness are prominently featured, since it's about Jerry's father's experiences in Vietnam.
- Doom Metal: They could be seen as a more alternative take on the genre, especially in Dirt and Alice in Chains, given the slow tempos, heavy Epic Riffs and serious subject matter. While not themselves classed as doom metal, they certainly influenced the genre.
- Sludge Metal: Starting with Dirt, strengthening in Alice In Chains, and now this is their default metal style upon their revival. (listen to Lab Monkey or Acid Bubble)
- Drugs Are Bad: Very, very bad; many of their songs, especially on Dirt, are about drugs' destructive influence and the pain they've caused.
- Dual Meaning Chorus: There are multiple theories on the meaning of the chorus in "Would?"
- Early Installment Weirdness: While Facelift had all of the standard Alice in Chains elements firmly in place, it also had extremely prominent glam influences from their earlier days.
- Epic Rocking: They have several songs between six and eight minutes long. The only song over eight minutes is "Frogs" at 8:18.
- Et Tu, Brute?: "Again".Hey, let them do it again, yeah
Hey, you said you were my friend
Hey, turn me upside down, Oh
Hey, feelin' so down.
- Fake-Out Fade-Out: "Rain When I Die" does this.
- Genre-Busting: Have incorporated influences ranging from Doom Metal, Grunge, Alternative Rock, Hard Rock, Hardcore Punk, Blues, and even Country Music into their sound at various points. Alternative Metal is really the only genre label that is relatively uncontroversial when describing them.
- Gone Horribly Right: After his parents' divorce, Layne became convinced that his father would return if he became a celebrity. Fast-forward 15 years, Layne is a famous rock star, his father does get in contact with him... And then both of them fell into heroin abuse.
- Grief Song: "Get Born Again" and "Died." And especially "Over Now." And a good portion of Black Gives Way to Blue, especially the title album.
- Hair Metal: Started out as this; while they obviously shed all traces of it later on, there were still some very noticeable traces left over from that era on Facelift, particularly on the second half.
- Important Haircut: About the same time Layne began using heroin, he cut off his signature dreadlocks.
- In Name Only: To no one's surprise, there are some that categorically refuse to accept the "new" Alice in Chains, deriding Duvall's voice and songwriting talents as less than Staley's before the album was released. Even though Cantrell has done most of the singing since that album.
- Loudness War: Both Black Gives Way to Blue and The Devil Put Dinosaurs Here are extremely loud in comparison to the Staley-era albums.
- Lyrical Dissonance: "No Excuses" sounds like an upbeat song, but it's actually about Layne's addiction alienating him from the band. There's also "Shame in You."
- Madness Mantra: "Love Song."
- Meaningful Echo: A tragic, Real Life one. In his last interview, Staley essentially said goodbye to the world and talked about how he wished his life ended differently."This fucking drug use is like the insulin a diabetic needs to survive. I'm not using drugs to get high like many people think. I know I made a big mistake when I started using this shit. It's a very difficult thing to explain. My liver is not functioning and I'm throwing up all the time and shitting my pants. The pain is more than you can handle. It's the worst pain in the world. Dope sick hurts the entire body." [...] "I know I'm near death, I did crack and heroin for years. I never wanted to end my life this way. I know I have no chance. It's too late. I never wanted [the public's] thumbs' up about this fucking drug use. Don't try to contact any AIC (Alice in Chains) members. They are not my friends."
- Now, read the lyrics to "Would?" and this.
- Metal Scream: Sometimes used really effectively by Layne.Heeeeeeere, here comes the rooster,
YOU KNOW HE AIN'T GONNA DIIIIIIIIIIIIIE!
- Tom Araya provides one in his guest appearance on "Iron Gland."
- Mohs Scale of Lyrical Hardness: They are masters of depressive, hopeless lyrics. While they rarely have gory lyrics and aren't too bad with profanity, the sheer despair that their lyrics give off keep them firmly in the 8 - 10 range. A few songs on Facelift and Jar of Flies are in the 5 - 6 range though. Their Alice N' Chainz material was about 3-5.
- Mohs Scale of Rock and Metal Hardness: Their heavier material is generally in the 6 to 8 range. Their acoustic material, meanwhile, is in the 2 to 4 range.
- Punctuated! For! Emphasis!: "IF! I! WOULD! COULD! YOU!"
- Reclusive Artist: Layne became this in his final years. Up near the end, it was apparently the norm for his bandmates and friends to go weeks without hearing from him; his days were likely spent playing video games, making art, or using drugs and passing out. The only people who saw him with any regularity were the patrons and employees of a nearby bar, where he was apparently a semi-regular patron (though he never bought anything and mostly just sat at an end table, usually in a drug-addled stupor; he left everyone who was there alone and they did the same). The only thing that raised any eyebrows was his accountants noticing that he had not made any bank withdrawals in two weeks, which eventually led to the police wellness check that resulted in the discovery of his body.
- Shell-Shocked Veteran: "Rooster" is about Jerry Cantrell's father's harrowing experiences during The Vietnam War. note
- Sliding Scale of Idealism Versus Cynicism: They were relentlessly cynical during the Layne Staley years. The William DuVall albums, though by no means idealistic, are much more optimistic.
- Soprano and Gravel: Their characteristic harmonies, usually with Layne/William having the strangled nasal whine and Jerry the smoother tone, though Jerry seems to do the nasal every once in a while. Also Ann Wilson, Chris Cornell and Mark Arm's contributions to Sap.
- Spell My Name with an "S": In their glam days, was Alice 'N Chains spelled with an S or a Z? It doesn't help that Layne was inconsistent about it on their fliers.
- Spiritual Successor: Jerry's solo albums Boggy Depot and Degradation Trip are considered to be continuations of the Layne Staley era.
- Step Up to the Microphone: Drummer Sean Kinney sings lead vocals (actually just yelling random stuff into a megaphone) on "Love Song" from the Sap EP. In fact, all the band members switch instruments on that track.
- Surreal Music Video:
- From the Staley era: "We Die Young," "Angry Chair," "I Stay Away," and "Grind."
- From the Duvall era (so far): "Lesson Learned" and "The Devil Put Dinosaurs Here."
- Troubling Unchildlike Behavior: "We Die Young" was inspired by Jerry Cantrell's reaction to watching young children dealing drugs while he was taking the bus to rehearsal after Kinney had kicked him out of their apartment following a fight.
- Uncommon Time: Many Cantrell-written tracks use this. "Them Bones" alternates between 7/8 during the verses and 4/4 during the choruses, and "Rain When I Die" is written in 7/8.
- Word Salad Lyrics: "Nothin' Song" is pretty much just nonsensical rambling put to a song, but the outright disjointed strangeness of the lyrics actually helps show you just how deteriorated Layne was becoming at this point.
- Yarling: "Ahhhhm th' Meeeiin in th' bahks..."