is one of the oldest and most famous Turn-Based Strategy
game in the western world, games of chess are often used symbolically in media in order to represent war, battles of wits, and similar events. Sometimes this is done directly by the author; other times by the characters themselves (by, e.g., having a conversation about a war over a chess match, using chess as an example).
A very simple such analogy is the Pawn
— the expendable
foot soldier who may, if his actions are brave and his heart is true, become a Queen
(although someone more practised at the game may note
that the pawn is really a symbol of why you should never overlook apparently powerless people
). Also common are the Queen (less honored to the casual observer
, but the most powerful and versatile character on the board by far) and the King (his capture ends the game
.) To extend the metaphor, the Rooks/Castles will be the straightforward, stoic, unmovable lines of defense, while the Bishops are less predictable, more mystical. Knights are less predictable still; they can only move in L-shaped directions, for Pete's sake.
A frequent variant is for the author or a character to explain how the situation is not
analogous to chess, but rather to some other game such as Poker
, or Calvinball
Compare Chess with Death
, The Chessmaster
(especially the first section of examples for The Chessmaster
, most of which could go here as well), Smart People Play Chess
, Xanatos Speed Chess
, and Check and Mate
. See also Talking through Technique
, which can turn a motif into a message. An Astral Checkerboard Decor
is a checkered pattern representing otherworldness.
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Anime and Manga
- The spy organization Checkmate in The DCU, which classifies their agents by chess pieces and uses the White and Black sides to counteract each other.
- In X-Men the Inner Circle of the Hellfire Club has chess piece-based titles for its members (such as Sebastian Shaw, the Black King, and Emma Frost, the former White Queen). See below for The Movie.
- A Dilbert strip has the Pointy-Haired Boss giving chess pieces to his underlings, symbolizing that they're "all on the same team". Unfortunately, he gives them all pawns. He later quips, "I'm saving the rooks for bonus day."
- Another comic had Dilbert complain to his boss about being moved to a different cubicle with 'I bet another manager wants that cubicle. I bet we are all just pawn in your game.' It ended with the boss doing it anyway, and enforcing a new dresscode: Pawn-costumes. The dialogue at the end suggest that the PHB and another manager were playing an actual game of chess, using the cubicles as fields, and moving the employees as chesspieces by assigning them to new cubicles.
- Obadiah Stane was a big fan of these during his arc in Iron Man, naming his mooks the Chessmen. An expensive chess set appears on his desk in the movie as a callback to this.
- A one-off villain in Astro City, the Red Queen, had chess-themed minions as part of her Alice in Wonderland motif. That said, they were based on designs stolen from the Chessmen of Astro City.
- It shows up from time to time in early Excalibur.
- In Jim Steranko's memorable run on Nick Fury Agent Of SHIELD, SHIELD faced the Yellow Claw and his forces. The end of the arc revealed that Doctor Doom manipulated SHIELD and the Claw in an intricate game against an alien chess-playing computer called the Prime Mover.
- More recently, Doom used the Prime Mover against the Fantastic Four in Grant Morrison's Fantastic Four: 1234, manipulating their histories and relationships to tear them apart from within. Going against trope, Reed realized what Doom was up to and developed machines to counter Doom's moves. He realized that Doom's moves were rigid and inflexible, and in order to defeat him, he used his stretching powers to temporarily create new structures in his own brain, thus expanding his already prodigious intellect.
- In Windows Of The Soul, Shizuru once describes herself as a rook, and recounting the incident in which Yukino, a pawn, tried and failed to stand in her way to protect Haruka despite her lack of combat abilities, as almost essentially suicidal but somewhat courageous.
- In Vanguard, the Paladins are all modeled after chess pieces, in appearance, attributes and role. Notably, the Paladins' individual armor vary in color.
- Solustro is the Grey King, simultaneously symbolizing his Anti-Villain status and balancing his methods/motives out. Typical for a chess king, Solustro rarely involves himself personally, but is renowned for his strategic and tactical skill.
- The Bishop has magic-based abilities, notably Mass Teleportation, and he often appears out of nowhere many times over. His best attack pins his opponent, leaving them unable to counterattack. As an official vizier, the Bishop serves as the main adviser to Solustro, and his influence can be shown by the decisions and directions that Solustro takes.
- The enigmatic Arkham is a literal Black Knight, feared by friend and foe alike, and he's the resident Enigmatic Minion.
- The Rook is Dorotlu, a tower-resembling spike-tank thing reputed for having the best defensive offense.
- The Elemental Chess Trilogy takes the Chess Motif originally present in Fullmetal Alchemist and turns it Up to Eleven. The second story in the series, "Brilliancy," uses actual chess terms for the story title and all chapter titles; the third story, "The Game of Three Generals," does the same thing with terms from shogi (Japanese chess). The members of Mustang's unit still use the chess nicknames he gave them in the canon, and often make references to Riza's position as their queen, even dubbing themselves "all the queen's men" when they are officially made her personal security detail in the third story.
- In Jewel Of Darkness, the mysterious leader of the White Glove apparently has a thing for chess, as he gives Jinx a pawn to show that while he values her, she's really not that important to him. He's also later shown playing an actual game of chess with Vandal Savage, who warns him that predicting people is not as easy as predicting moves in chess.
- Used in the Star Trek fanfic Atlas—Kirk explains the set-up of the Big Bad's organization to Spock while they're playing chess. Basically, everyone is considered a pawn, except for The Dragon (a rook) and the Big Bad herself (the Queen). The Big Bad later uses this motif to let Spock know that she just kidnapped Kirk. While they were in adjacent rooms.
- In Mega Man Defender Of The Human Race, Mr. Black has an unfinished chess game in his hideout. It's one with his wife that he never finished.
Film — Animation
- In Disney's Hercules, Hades uses chess pieces shaped like various potential actors in his bid for absolute power.
- Lawrence III in Pokémon 2000 movie had his map set up like a chessboard. The plot was indeed quite chess-like in that he captured the three Legendary Birds to bring out the bigger prize, Lugia...or so he thought. In reality, the "Beast of the Sea" was an underwater current that had been causing the storm.
Film — Live Action
- In "Liberty's Crusade", a StarCraft novel, Mengsk discusses over a Chess match how he prefers Chess to real war- in Chess both sides are equal at the start, and you don't have to worry about a massive wave of green pieces coming in from the side to suddenly wipe everyone out.
- Through the Looking-Glass takes this rather farther than most, to the point of having all the events represented by actual chess moves. It also has an interesting variant, in that the two sides are called White and Red. It's not merely that the pieces are white and red (which is not unknown); by convention, the two sides in chess are referred to as White and Black even if the physical pieces used are other colors.
- The Red Queen from this book is often confused with the Queen of Hearts from the first Alice book. They are, in fact, wholly different characters, though they get merged in some adaptations. This results in an egregious mixed metaphor in the 2010 film version: the White Queen's army of chess pieces fights the Red Queen (of Hearts)'s army of playing cards.
- There are several mentions of the gods playing a chess-like game with the fates of men (as well as at least one claim that gods actually prefer games like Monopoly and Snakes and Ladders to chess). In actuality the game is closer to Dungeons & Dragons, which makes perfect sense considering their 'gameboard' is a full-on Medieval European Fantasy (with a good bit of Cloud Cuckooland mixed in, of course).
- Many mortal characters with the game Thud. Obviously, Thud!! contains the most blatant examples of this.
- In The Last Hero, Cohen is compared to a pawn that has made all its way up the board.
- Small Gods: Bishops move diagonally. That's why they often turn up where they're not expected...
- Death, on the other hand, doesn't like chess much, in subversion of expectation. He can never remember how the little horse-shaped ones move. In fact, Death seems to have trouble with games in general. In The Light Fantastic, Twoflower is shown to have only limited success teaching the Four Horsemen how to play Contract Bridge.
- Vimes hates Chess:
Vimes had never got on with any game much more complex than darts. Chess in particular had always annoyed him. It was the dumb way the pawns went off and slaughtered their fellow pawns while the kings lounged about doing nothing that always got to him; if only the pawns united, maybe talked the rooks round, the whole board could've been a republic in a dozen moves.
- In the Robert A. Heinlein novel Sixth Column (AKA "The Day After Tomorrow"), the hero is having a game of wits with the villain. The villain shows the hero a chess problem and asks how he would solve it. To play with the villain's mind, the hero gives a false answer. At the end, after the villain is captured the hero drives the point home by admitting that he lied. The villain subsequently kills himself out of shame for being tricked.
- The Belgariad, which carries the metaphor into the titles.
- Ron in Harry Potter plays chess, and this is a major plot point in the climax of the first book. There aren't any obvious metaphorical implications, which just means this was fertile ground for a number of (now mostly jossed) Epileptic Trees. The most spectacular example is probably the Knight-to-King theory (which, in brief, uses the chess game to conclude that Dumbledore is actually a time-travelled version of Ron).
- The Breaking Dawn cover shows a chessboard with a red pawn overshadowed by a towering white queen, symbolizing Bella's transformation from a weak, flesh-and-blood human to a strong and inhumanly beautiful vampire.
- The six escaped prisoners in The Will O' The Wisp Mystery are compared to chess pieces; one had used the role of a clergyman as a cover (the bishop) to the mob boss (the king). It's eventually subverted: the detective realizes that the chess motif (all the men protect the king) was wrong and that a checkers motif (first man across becomes the king) was correct.
- The Lymond Chronicles. The books are called The Game of Kings, Queen's Play, The Disorderly Knights, Pawn in Frankincense, The Ringed Castle, and Checkmate.
- In the classic John Brunner novel The Squares of the City , both sides of a banana republic are being manipulated as if in a game of Chess. The novel's plot mimics this Chess game.
- Six Days of the Condor has most chapters start with a chess textbook quotation, relevant to the book's plot.
- In The Lord of the Rings, Gandalf describes the coming war in chess terms: "The board is set, and the pieces are moving [...] But the Enemy has the move, and he is about to open his full game. And pawns are likely to see as much of it as any, Peregrin son of Paladin, soldier of Gondor. Sharpen your blade!"
- The strategy used against Sauron also translates quite well into chess. The good guys launch a final desperate attack on Mordor that they know won't succeed. However, the true purpose is simply to attract the attention of Sauron so that he doesn't notice the pair of hobbits as they sneak past his lines and get into position to checkmate him.
- In A Stainless Steel Rat is Born by Harry Harrison, wannabe criminal mastermind James "Slippery Jim" De Griz decides to lure "The Bishop", a retired criminal mastermind, out of retirement in hopes The Bishop will teach him some of the higher points of interplanetary bank robbery, etc. He does this by staging big heists and leaving behind a copy of The Bishop's calling card which has a clue on it (written in chess notation) as to the next heist. Jim hopes the master thief will translate the clue and invite Jim to be his apprentice, but it doesn't quite work out that way...
- The witch Senna Wales of Everworld has a penchant for chess. She compares her manipulations of the other characters and Everworld in general to a game of chess, and muses on the differences involved.(Playing humans requires less of a focus on predicting things long in the future and more of an emphasis on adapting quickly to situations.) She also makes several chess references throughout the ninth book, such as "The occasion had arisen, and chess player that I am, I had to take advantage of the movement" and "A pawn that crosses the entire board can become a queen. Not perhaps the title that David would appreciate, but the principle was clear."
- There is a book series by Jeremy Robinson where all of the main characters go by chess pieces for their callsigns: King, Queen, Bishop, and Rook. Temporary additions are given the name "Pawn".
- The Demonata is fond of this trope, following Grubbs' playing Chess with Death in the first book.
- Elleston Trevor wrote a series of mysteries in which the investigator was Hugo Bishop, each book had a chess piece title (Knight Sinister, Queen in Danger, Bishop in Check, Pawn in Jeopardy, and Rook's Gambit), and the chapters were labelled "First Move," "Second Move," etc.
- The Defense by Vladimir Nabokov brings this out in full force, even having other stand ins for chess boards and pieces, such as the checked bathroom tiles in the hotels that Luzhin visits. Of course, the book is about a famous chess master going insane as chess takes over his life.
- The Armageddon battle in Wyrm is very clearly structured on a chess game: the infantry are pawns, the cavalry are knights, the black dragon is the black queen, and so on. According to the novel's afterword, the events of the battle specifically correspond to a particular chess game played in 1961 between Tigran Petrosian and Ludek Pachman.
- Poul Anderson's A Circus of Hells has a chapter involving killer robots that defend squares of terrain — an abandoned "live" chess game. <!— correct me if I misremember; I read it thirty-odd years ago —>
- In The Traitor Game, the eponymous game is Evgard's version of chess where betrayals play a key role, just as they do in the story. Also, Michael is described as "playing a game that no one else knows the rules to" by Francis.
- Done humourously in "Murphy" by Samuel Beckett, which has the title character play an extremely passive game with the eschatologically named Mr Endon, who habitually employs "Endon's Affence". After eight moves, Endon's pieces have all returned to their starting positions, a tactic which Beckett's comic annotation describes as a "pipe-opener".
- Phillipa Gregory's two-part series comprising The White Queen and The Red Queen tells the stories of Elizabeth Woodville and Margaret Beaufort, respectively: two noblewomen on opposite sides of the Wars of the Roses (the titles reflect the signature colours of the houses of York and Lancaster) and the mothers of the future Henry VII and his wife.
Live Action TV
- Parodied in Slings and Arrows, which has a hysterically awful production of Romeo and Juliet in which all the characters wear chess piece hats:
: It's a chessboard, ducky. Frank
: Why? Cyril
: They're pawns, aren't they? In the game of life. Frank
: Are we pawns? Cyril
: I'm the Friar, so I'm a bishop; you're Capulet, so you're a king. Frank
: I don't move like a king. I don't move at all. Cyril
: I don't think he's taking the metaphor that far, ducky.
- "Check Mate", an episode of The Prisoner.
- The 4th season episode of Lexx which has a literal chess game between Kai and Prince.
- There was a The West Wing episode where Bartlet played simultaneous chess with a few of the main characters during a foreign policy crisis with China over Taiwan which he clearly was thinking of as a metaphorical chess match.
- Star Trek: The Original Series:
- Episode "The Corbomite Maneuver". The Enterprise is trapped by an alien spaceship and facing destruction.
Kirk: There must be something to do, something I've overlooked.
Spock: In chess, when one is outmatched, the game is over. Checkmate.
Kirk: Not chess, Spock. Poker!
- Spock plays chess on a special three-dimensional board with three playing levels.
- In Whom Gods Destroy, Kirk implemented chess moves as code phrases to prevent unauthorized transports from a mental hospital. "Queen to queen's level three." "Queen to king's level one."
- Kirk himself plays 3D chess extremely well - often better than Spock. This is not necessarily unreasonable: Vulcans may be capable of superhuman feats of calculation, but calculation alone is no way to win at chess. Even computers cannot exhaustively analyse all positions to checkmate as the number of possible positions increases far too rapidly with increasing levels of look-ahead. Kirk, as with strong players of the real game, could merely have a superior talent for focusing on the relevant, known to chessplayers as "Sight of the Board".
- Spock's talent for chess comes in handy in Court Martial, where it allows him to deduce that the computer has been tampered with.
- In an early episode of The Wire, two of the Mooks play checkers with a chess set. Their boss comes over and tries to teach them chess in terms of the drug trade and the characters, with plenty of subtext. He likens himself and his fellow hoppers to pawns, who can make to to the edge of the board to become more powerful Queens, but will never get to be King. He admits with some regret that pawns are chumps and get killed fast, but his youthful audience has faith that "smart-ass" pawns can get ahead. By the end of the show, everyone in the conversation has been killed in conflicts between greater forces then themselves. They really were pawns.
- An episode of The Daily Show after Barack Obama's inauguration featured this exchange between Jon Stewart and his interviewee, openly gay bishop Gene Robinson.
Stewart: Washington was so crowded today. There were so many people. You, as a bishop, were sort of doubly handicapped in that situation because you are only allowed to move diagonally. How is that, negotiating the crowds?
Robinson: Jon, you have to understand there's a queen on the board as well.
- Plenty in the Leverage episode the "The 6th Juror Job", where Nate is inspired by a chess set on their target's table to describe the entire con in terms of chess metaphors. The show itself could arguably be a metaphor for chess with the characters representing the pieces, sometimes directly mentioned in dialog. (More on show entry.)
- In Kamen Rider Kiva, the four leaders of the Fangire race, called the Checkmate Four, go by the names Bishop, Rook, Queen and King. Naturally, King is The Chessmaster.
- Power Rangers Mystic Force and Mahou Sentai Magiranger have a chessboard-based mecha cockpit. Neither series really gives a reason for it, though the Mystic Rangers think they're being encouraged to "think strategically". Both teams (particularly the Magirangers) also use it as a reason to use "Checkmate!" as a Bond One-Liner.
- Sylvester McCoy's run on Doctor Who had a few of these. In "Silver Nemesis", when the Doctor and Ace try to keep a weapon away from the Cybermen, they announce chess moves during the battle. Then there's the following exchange in "Battlefield":
Doctor: "You haven't won the game yet, Morgaine."
Morgaine: "I could always defeat you at chess, Merlin."
Doctor: "Who said anything about playing chess? I've been playing poker. And I have an Ace up my sleeve!"
- In one episode of Monk, the killer was a genius grand master chess player. As he's being arrested, he tries to complement Monk on being the better player. Monk reprimands him for treating real human lives as a game, but consents to a victorious "Checkmate."
- In The Cape the manipulative villain Peter Fleming... well he doesn't have a chess motif such as an overwhelming obsession with it. He compares real world actions to specific chess strategies, wears contact lenses that make his pupils look like chess pieces, and uses a holographic interface hidden under a chessboard that when activated arranges itself into a chessboard layout. And of course his supervillain name is Chess.
- In Have Gun — Will Travel, Paladin's card and the design on his gun holster feature a white knight.
- In Robin Hood the Sheriff of Nottingham was occasionally seen fiddling with a chess set.
- In Merlin King Alined (a one-shot villain) was seen demonstrating his secret plan with the pieces of a chess set (and throwing them when he was thwarted).
- In Once Upon a Time, Queen Regina often refers to other characters as "pawns" or "playing pieces".
- Dungeons & Dragons
- Forgotten Realms campaign setting has the deity "Red Knight", whose portfolio is strategy and whose symbol is a red knight piece.
- In Dungeons & Dragons 4th Edition, certain maneuvers for Martial powers have Chess names like the Rogue maneuver 'Kings Castle' and the Warlord maneuver 'Knight's Move'.
- Yu-Gi-Oh!: Archfiends have a chess-themed subset. Their most useful support card is arguably 'Checkmate', which allows the rather powerful Terrorking Archfiend to strike the opponent directly rather than wasting time with the foes' array of monsters.
- Magic: The Gathering: White Knight and Black Knight, of course.
- Changeling: The Lost features the Contracts of The Board, which allow a character who serves as head of a number of forces (such as a general or one of the seasonal Monarchs) to understand the conflict in terms of a game of chess, allowing him to transmit strategies and direct forces by manipulation of the board itself. Granted, the game in question doesn't have to be Chess. A general could just as easily direct his forces via the intentional play of the game Candyland.
- GURPS has an optional "cinematic" rule that skill in chess can substitute for the Strategy skill used to plan actual battles.
- The manual for Twilight Struggle draws the chess analogy to the manueverings of the United States and Soviet Union during the Cold War, outright comparing most of the countries in the world as pawns to be gained in the struggle against the other superpower. Battleground countries like France (controlling more in a region grants Dominance in a region when it is scored) the status of a bishop, while China, which has its own card with a bonus in Asia, gets to be a rook or queen.
- The 80s rock musical Chess is pretty much all about this. In particular, "Prologue (The Story of Chess)" has what it describes as a "vague report" — and then goes into detail about a prince whose advisers had no clue about how a mother's mind works.
- Samuel Beckett's post-apocalyptic (maybe) Endgame refers eponymously to the final stage of a chess game. No one legitimately knows what Beckett's plays actually mean so any reader can take a stab at what this motif means and how deep it might be.
- In Man of La Mancha, Cervantes, repositioning Antonia, the Housekeeper and the Padre to the corners of the stage, calls them the queen, the castle and the bishop, respectively. "And now—the problem of the knight!"
- Umineko no Naku Koro ni. Beatrice and Battler are involved in a very elaborate game of chess, with the pieces being the other Ushiromiyas, various witches, and the demons they summon. The WMG page has some speculation about which pieces are which. It has extended references to chess pieces and chess terms, and are also used in proper context. The chessboard has also been alluded to when referring to the various games that Beatrice creates. To the meta-players, check and checkmate hold a very special significance in argument. It also helps that Kinzo's favorite game is chess.
- On the other hand, this trope is also somewhat subverted with Kinzo's constant gambling analogies and Kanon's roulette monologue.
- Mark Shallow does this in Antihero For Hire.
- Averted in The Adventures of Dr. McNinja: the doctor specifically refers to a fight as a game of battleship and not chess.
- Chess is a little too "Rooky, Pawny" for his tastes.
- To a small extent in Cloudscratcher. Alice has a quite a few similarities in role to the Queen, naturally making The Captain the King, Burt and Sally being Rooks and Sogaat a Bishop.
- The conflict in Homestuck between Prospit and Derse is essentially a gigantic chess match that gets more complicated with each prototyping. This spoileriffic video shows it best. See also Vimes above. This explains why PM gets her Awesome Moment of Crowning as a reward for making it all the way to Derse and back on her mission. She was a pawn that got promoted to a queen, a legitimate rule in chess if the pawn manages to reach the opposite side of the board.
- The different classes of Inlay in S.S.D.D are named after chess pieces, bishops serve as heavy assault troops and have a thing for evisceration, rooks appear to be like tanks, knights seem to be some kind of special forces (and are smarter than most units), and the few kings are equivalent to generals. Pawns haven't been shown yet but we know that they're extremely stupid, and the Anarchists mostly use clones for regular infantry.
- Zokusho Comics: Spoofed slightly when Akira is explaining his plan to take down a fortress full of goblins to his team using chess pieces.
Raz: "That's your piece?"
Raz: "Ha! You're a queen."
Akira: "Now you're a queen."
- Jennie uses chess pieces to illustrate a military strategy in the lonelygirl15 episode "Cold War Revisited".
- The Chessmaster from the Whateley Universe uses a lot of these, shockingly enough given his name. His normal Mooks are called the Chessmen (cyborgs), his backup are the Rooks (floating Dalek type things), his battlefield planning table is the Chessboard, and all his plans are various gambits, openers etc.
- D8 is this. The entire story is pretty much one big Chess Motif.
- Tribe Twelve presents the Collective with each member represented by a chess piece.
- In episode 3 of Beware the Batman, a villain called 'Anarchy' challenges Batman via two not-so-bright artists. After a game of chess with Bruce, Alfred remarks the two thugs are pawns and 'Anarchy', who looks like Batman in every way but is dressed fully in white, later remarks that he and Batman are the kings of their respective colours.
- The Simpsons has this exchange:
- In Gargoyles, Xanatos and Fox play both a literal and figurative game of chess with the clan (pieces belong to Fox) and a group of bad guys known as the Pack (played by Xanatos) because they can (their inclusion in the story serves very little to the plot). The figurative and literal games seem to take a turn favoring Xanatos, when Fox tells him not to be so certain. Cue a public service announcement sponsored by Fox that, through clever drops of the right words, leads the clan to the location of a captured Goliath, Hudson, and Bronx thus defeating the Pack. Off screen, Fox makes a move that places Xanatos in checkmate.
- Teen Titans: During the climax of season five's Story Arc, the Brain and Monsieur Mallah play a game of chess. Mallah represents the Titans, the Brain represents... well, himself. The game is frighteningly accurate as to how everything goes down.
- Repeatedly parodied in Futurama.
- The Fillmore! episode "Of Slain Kings on Checkered Fields" centers around chess-playing Bad Boy Check Matey receiving death threats.
- In a Batman: The Animated Series episode, the Riddler trapped Batman in a virtual reality simulator. At one point, Riddler had Batman chase him across a giant chessboard, only to have the squares slowly disappear beneath Batman's feet. Robin deduced that Riddler was playing with Batman's nickname The Dark Knight, and that in order to avoid disappearing squares, Batman had to move like a knight; two forward, one to the side.
- In an episode of Danny Phantom, Vlad Plasmius used Danny, Valerie and the Fright Knight to help him defeat Pariah Dark, ruler of the Ghost Zone and steal Jack Fenton's power suit. When Danny confronted Vlad, he simply retorts, (paraphrased) "What, you mean using a couple of teen-aged pawns to turn a Knight and topple a King? It's chess dear boy, of course you don't know. But then you never really did."
- White Knight and Black Knight in Generator Rex. Black Knight even has her personal army of Black Pawns.
- The chess equivalent in Avatar: The Last Airbender is Pai Sho. A parallel can be drawn between Iroh- an old, overweight, disgraced ex-prince- and his favorite playing piece, the White Lotus. Most people consider it weak and of little value, but can be cleverly used to create an unexpected strategy.
- The branch insignia for US Army Psychological Operations is a knight chess piece, presumably because the goal of PSYOPS is to "skip over" the enemy's "pieces" by convincing them not to fight.
- Infantry refer to themselves as the "Queen of Battle", meaning that they are able to go anywhere, and do anything. When you factor AP Cs and Helicopters taking them to where you need them, this does become a very true statement.
- English has a number of idioms and words derived from chess, but the most impressive has to be the word "check", all of whose uses derive from chess. A king in check is under serious restrictions, and so is a person or thing "kept in check". From this usage came things like "checkpoint" and "checking your hat at the door", and from that came the notion the when you examine something, you "check on it" or "check it out". Meanwhile, the pattern of the chessboard gives us the word "checkered", and from that, the name of checkers. On other branches of the etymological tree are "cheque"/"check" (as in, the thing that's in the mail right now, I swear) (because accounting in the old days would often be done on a checkered cloth—why do you think the British finance minister is called the Chancellor of the Exchequer?).