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- In the Cowboy Bebop movie, the genetic tampering the villain underwent causes him to constantly hallucinate swarms of what are referred to as butterflies, but their ghostly whiteness and eerie atmosphere seems to invoke this trope.
- In the Revolutionary Girl Utena movie, one scene has a flashback of a young Touga getting raped by his adopted father in a field full of Cabbage White butterflies intercut with scenes of a nude Shiori sprouting white wings formed out of bedsheets. Given the symbolism of the scene is parasitism and "cruel innocence" it fits this trope.
- Rosine from Berserk looks like a cute, humanoid luna moth. Really, she's an Apostle, and her realm of humans-transformed-into-fairies quickly turns into a Sugar Apocalypse and Rosine herself proves to be a very dangerous opponent even before she goes One-Winged Angel and takes on a truly monstrous form.
- The Batman villain "Killer Moth" wasn't initially dark, wearing a garish costume with striped purple and green spandex, orange cape and a moth-like mask. Later on though, he was redesigned to look more menacing in his demonic Drury Walker / Charaxes incarnation.
- Mama has moths appear whenever she's nearby or about to make a "physical" appearance. In this case, the moths are attracted to her because her corpse was left to rot in a lake, and moths nested in it before burrowing out. At the end, when Lily is taken by Mama off of a cliff Lily is transformed into a blue moth rather than straight up die. Probably?
- The Moth Diaries, about a new girl in a boarding school who may or may not be a vampire, features heavy moth symbolism.
- The Possession has the moths presage the oncoming Demonic Possession and transformation awaiting Emily.
- The Mothman Prophecies: In this film adaptation, Mothman is named for a Ukrainian myth of the moth as a psychopomp or dark angel.
- In The Silence of the Lambs, Clarice Starling finds the pupa of a black witch moth inside the mouth of one of "Buffalo Bill"'s victims. The film changes it to a Death's-head Hawkmothnote , and features it on the poster.
- Averted in The Lord of the Rings films, where a moth seems to be the go-between for Gandalf and his eagle friends. It's certainly playing on the mystery and magic of the motif, though.
- Also averted with Mothra, a gigantic moth in the Godzilla universe, who is generally depicted as benevolent, but vengeful. Played closer-to-straight with her angrier counterpart, Battra, who features in the 1992 Godzilla vs. Mothra.
- Swarms of moths adorn "Manos" The Hands of Fate. It wasn't even on purpose, since they were attracted to the location shooting's bright lights!
- In Arcia Chronicles, large gray moths are usually a sign of dark magic at work (especially of the Cialian tradition). Only magically-gifted people can see these magical moths, however.
- Edgar Allan Poe's short story The Sphinx: The narrator is horrified when he sees a humongous moth-monster with the image of a human skull on it. Then he realizes that it was just a normal moth, it was just much closer than he realized.
- In The Tatami Galaxy, one of the characters is phobic about moths because of this, and will have panic attacks if one lands on her.
- In The Hobbit, when the party is traveling through Mirkwood they go without campfires at night rather than attract the swarms of huge black moths that come out at night. Though not actually harmful, they're very unpleasant.
- Inkdeath, a book which as the title suggests, is replete with symbols and imagery of death, features several dark moths on its cover.
- In one of Joe Hill's short stories in the collection 20th Century Ghosts, a ghost in a movie theater appears friendly and normal at first, but after people interact with her for a little while strange things start happening, including creepy white moths gathering all around her.
- Playing straight into the trope, one of Wolfgang Hohlbein's Hexer von Salem stories features entire swarms of moths magically altered to cause rapid aging in anything and anyone they touch and under an intelligent antagonist's control. (The moths themselves are no smarter than usual.)
- The slake-moths of Perdido Street Station. They're sort of like Aliens... except much, much worse.
- In Carlos Ruiz Zafón's Marina, a special kind of moth is associated with Kolvenik. Later is revealed that they literally maintain his life.
- Deadhouse Gates describes a whole sub-continent sinking into bloody rebellion, and a native kind of moth that thrives on rotting flesh can be seen everywhere, covering the corpses and feasting. Thanks to that, that same moth is one of the symbols associated with the God of Death in the setting.
- Kenneth Oppel's Such Wicked Intent has butterflies from the spirit world latch onto the heroes and come into the living world. At first, they're harmless, but slowly become more like an addictive substance. And to boot, the giant demon at the end of the book is completely made out of these butterflies, making it incredibly hard to kill.
- Sleeping Beauties: Flocks of moths appear throughout the novel, as they are linked to the Aurora flu and the character Evie Black. At one point, while in prison, Evie emits a whole flock of moths from her mouth to subdue fellow inmate Angel Fitzroy.
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- French Black Metal band Peste Noire made a song entitled "Phalènes et Pestilence - Salvatrice Averse" ("Moths and Pestilence - Saving Downpour"), which mentions moths in a long metaphoric description of a plague epidemic.
- Poets of the Fall:
- The band's "Morpho" logo is a silhouette of a pinned moth with wings distressed as though they've been partially scorched by fire.
- In the video for "Lift," Poet County Jail inmate and Mad Dreamer Mark is very attached to his Hallucinations of moths, pleading with them to make him fly, and consistently makes a flapping moth shape with his cuffed hands when undergoing psych screening. He's diagnosed with delusional parasitosis and finally deemed a "Menace to society" as a result.
- All things fae in Changeling: The Dreaming have a colorful, stylized butterfly symbol. The Kiasyd, who are a hybrid of faeries and vampires, turn this to the morbid with their death's-head moth symbol◊, and spend a lot of time around moths in art (perhaps because of their habit of frequenting places full of old books).
- In Pathfinder, as well as its future setting Starfinder, the symbol of Urgathoa, the goddess of disease and undeath, is a death's-head moth.
- The final scene of The Insect Play has a succession of moths, including one emerging from a chrysalis, proclaiming the fascination of their existence while dying one after another.
- Silent Hill has two enemies, Twinfeeler and Floatstinger, a larva and moth respectively (or rather, the game has one enemy with two forms). It's notable above being a random enemy because Alessa, the dark force moving the town against Harry, had a moth collection growing up which she uses as a basis for Floatstinger. Beyond that, Alessa herself is transformed two or three times through the game. First by being burned to near death, then when she's reunited into a godlike being, and finally when the god sealed inside her is released into a demonic form.
- In The Legend of Zelda: Majora's Mask, the boss Odolwa will at one point summon a cloud of moths to harass Link. They can be wiped out with a bomb, as they will be drawn to its fuse.
- Its predecessor Ocarina of Time also had moth statues in the horror-themed Shadow Temple. Said moth is actually a boss from A Link to the Past and Oracle of Seasons. While his dungeons (Skull Woods and Poison Moth's Lair, respectively) were fairly dark, its status as this trope is more questionable.
- Morph Moth from Mega Man X2 actually makes a fairly frightening boss, inhabiting a dusky robot grave/junkyard with zombie robots, and transforming from a fairly harmless pendulum/cocoon.
- In Darkfall: Lost Souls, one of the hotel rooms is filled with pupae suspended from the ceiling, with nasty grubs inside that hiss and writhe creepily. Old paintings of moths are propped against the walls.
- In the Dawnguard expansion for The Elder Scrolls V: Skyrim, a type of magical moth is needed for a ritual to safely read an Elder Scroll, tying them into the implied Cosmic Horror Story that the Scrolls represent. The scholars who study the scrolls are called "Moth Priests".
- The fan-game Manos: The Revenge of Torgo uses the once-innocuous moths as a plot point: they're reincarnated minor servants of Manos.
- In Resident Evil 2, on the lab portion of the game, one of the bosses you face is a gigantic mutant moth.
- From the Bayonetta series, while Bayonetta has a butterfly motif, Jeanne, who acts as Bayonetta's enemy for most of the first game, has a moth motif. This even extends as far as the demons they have a contract with, with Bayonetta being contracted to Madama Butterfly, and Jeanne contracted to Madama Styx (a moth woman). Subverted by the end of the game and the sequel when it turns out Jeanne isn't evil after all, but then again, Dark Is Not Evil is a running theme in these games.
- Cultist Simulator uses Moth as the name for "the wild and perilous principle of curiosity and yearning". Restlessness, the main Moth-property item in the prototype so far, is a key component in the eventual horrible doom, because it's a step on the road to sealing yourself to a particular Eldritch Abomination and dooming the city you're in. Most of the other principles you can study in the same manner, such as the Red Grail (Hunger) appear to be tied to the Hours; at this stage, there is no Moth endgame, but whether one exists eventually remains to be seen.
I knew a man who captured moths in a bell-jar. On nights like this, he would release them one by one to die in the candle.
- Giant vampire moths feature in THAT, a side-story to the webcomic Bad Machinery.
- In Teen Titans, Killer Moth is a scary-looking moth/human hybrid.
- Subverted in The Tick with Arthur and his moth costume/flying suit. He's the opposite of dread-and-fear evoking, and is often mistaken for wearing a bunny costume.
- In PJ Masks, the villain Luna Girl has an army of moths that do her bidding.
- A moth appears on the UPA adaptation of The Tell-Tale Heart, adding to the eerie atmosphere of the short.
- The Death's-head hawkmoth has coloring that looks like a human skull on its back.
- The Black witch moth, an omen of death and bad luck in Central American folklore.
- Famously, the peppered moth became murky because of the massive levels of pollution brought on by the Industrial Revolution in England.note
- Adult moths can't chew; generally either they drink nectar from flowers, or they don't eat at all. The only known exception is the Malayan bloodsucking moth, which drinks blood rather like a mosquito.
- Moth caterpillars can bite and chew, but any given species will have only a few things that it eats, and most are herbivorous.
- Mothman, a creepy Winged Humanoid with red Glowing Eyes of Doom sighted in West Virginia. It supposedly causes (or at least prophesies) disaster wherever it goes, with the most infamous example being the collapse of Silver Bridge in 1967, killing 46 people. Another story claims a similar creature was sighted at Chernobyl before the nuclear disaster.