Creator: Samuel Beckett

Samuel Beckett was an avant-garde playwright, theatre director, poet and novelist. He is known for his tragicomics that often have gallows humor and black comedy. His works include:
  • Act Without Words I and II
  • Endgame
  • Not I
  • Play
  • Waiting for Godot
  • Murphy
  • Watt
  • Molloy, Malone Dies, and The Unnameable
  • Happy Days


  • Animate Inanimate Object: The plot of Act Without Words I is that an unnamed man is annoyed by objects that move on their own.
  • Beige Prose / Purple Prose: Beckett's prose works are an odd (and deliberate) mix of overwrought and comically banal.
  • Body Motifs: Immobile limbs, the scatological, and blindness are very common.
  • The Dividual: His protagonists often come in pairs.
  • The Ghost: Godot, Youdi, and many others.
  • Minimalism: His plays tend to be shorter than most other plays. Also, he generally calls for minimal staging. His novels also increasingly tended toward this, culminating in The Unnameable, which lacks almost everything that traditionally constitutes a novel.
  • Minimalist Cast: He often uses this, most notably with Play (which has three characters), Act Without Words I (which has one character menaced by an unseen outside force) and Breath has no characters.
  • Thematic Series: Although Beckett himself never specifically grouped them together, Molloy, Malone Dies, and The Unnameable are generally referred to as "The Trilogy" and are seen as products of the same literary experimentation.
  • Toilet Humour: Lots. Not for nothing is one of his protagonists named "Krapp".