Samuel Beckett was an avant-garde playwright, theatre director, poet and novelist. He is known for his tragicomics that often have gallows humor and black comedy. His works include:
- Animate Inanimate Object: The plot of Act Without Words I is that an unnamed man is annoyed by objects that move on their own.
- The Ghost: Godot
- Minimalism: His plays tend to be shorter than most other plays. Also, he generally calls for minimal staging.
- Minimalist Cast: He often uses this, most notably with Play (which has three characters), Act Without Words I (which has one character menaced by an unseen outside force) and Breath has no characters.