Examples can be divided into three categories:
Using the song (not necessarily as a Theme Tune):
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Anime and Manga
- From the New World: Named after the title of Dvořák's Symphony No. 9. Might be passed off as coincidence if not for the frequent use of the "Goin' Home" theme from the symphony's 2nd Movement ("Largo") throughout the show.
- JoJo's Bizarre Adventure: Rather than any chapters of the manga itself, just about every Stand from Part 4 onward (and a couple of characters) is named after a song, band or album, since Horihiko Araki is a big fan of American rock. Here are some particularly bizarre ones, as well as the alternate names used in US localizations in order to avoid lawsuits:
- Red Hot Chili Pepper / Chili Pepper
- Pearl Jam / Opal Jam
- Earth Wind and Fire / Terra Ventus
- Gold Experience / Golden Wind
- Aerosmith / Li'l Bomber
- Spice Girl / Spice Lady
- Sex Pistols / Six Bullets
- Black Sabbath
- Man in the Mirror
- Beach Boy / Fisher Man
- The Rolling Stones
- Stone Free / Stone Ocean
- Kiss / Smack
- Foo Fighters
- Highway to Hell / Highway to Death
- Marilyn Manson
- Limp Bizkit
- Bohemian Rhapsody
- Dirty Deeds Done Dirt Cheap / Filthy Acts at a Reasonable Price
- That last one is so utterly cumbersome that is it practically always abbreviated as "D.4.C.", even in-universe. Makes one wonder why the user even named it that.
- Watchmen's first and tenth chapters, "At Midnight, All the Agents..." and "Two Riders Were Approaching...," are titled after lyrics of Bob Dylan's "Desolation Row" and "All Along the Watchtower," which are quoted in the epigraphs (as is Elvis Costello's "The Comedians" in the second chapter, titled "Absent Friends.") In the movie both of these songs were actually used in the soundtrack (albeit only the Jimi Hendrix cover of "All Along the Watchtower" in the scene covering the event of the chapter; a version of "Desolation Row" by My Chemical Romance chapters plays on the credits).
- Calvin and Hobbes: The Series has "Our Solemn Hour", which is briefly whistled by Calvin at one point.
- Seven Days In Sunny June is named after a Jamiroquai song, and the chapter titles come from songs as well.
- I Against I, Me Against You and each of its chapters are all titled after songs and lyrics from the various Red vs. Blue soundtracks by Trocadero and Jeff Williams.
- Meteor Shower is named for the song by Owl City. Its three subheadings are made up of the lyrics from the (extremely short) song.
- Across the Universe
- Anchors Aweigh
- Autumn in New York
- Brazil (the Terry Gilliam movie).
- Bad Boys
- Broadway Rhythm
- Blue Hawaii
- Blue Velvet
- Bright Lights, Big City
- Can't Buy Me Love
- Also, its remake, Love Don't Cost a Thing.
- Can't Hardly Wait (the Replacements song of the same name plays over the end credits).
- Dazed and Confused (the director tried to feature the Led Zeppelin song, but Robert Plant vetoed)
- Demolition Man (a song by The Police; Sting does a new version of it as the end-credits song).
- Detroit Rock City (Kiss is central to the plot, and appear singing the title song in the end)
- Down with Love, which incorporates Stock Footage of Judy Garland singing the title song
- Drive Me Crazy
- For Me and My Gal
- (Kenny Rogers as) The Gambler (the song was originally a hit for him)
- Girls Just Want to Have Fun (except they had to use a cover version rather than Cyndi Lauper's)
- Guantanamera (1995 Cuban film)
- A Hard Day's Night
- Halls of Montezuma
- Hello Mary Lou: Prom Night II
- The House I Live In — "The House I Live In" was originally featured in 1943 musical Let Freedom Sing
- I'm Not There
- In the Bleak Midwinter (though it was retitled A Midwinter's Tale in the US)
- In the Mood for Love (As far as the original title is concerned.)
- In the Mood Not only using the Glenn Miller classic, but set in the time it was popular.
- It Takes Two
- I Walk the Line, a 1970 movie starring Gregory Peck titled after the Johnny Cash song.
- I Wanna Hold Your Hand (contracting the formal English in The Beatles' title)
- Jeepers Creepers
- Jersey Girl (twice)
- Johnny Be Good (sic; the song is titled "Johnny B. Goode")
- Jumpin' Jack Flash
- Just Like Heaven
- Little Annie Rooney (1925) has Annie Rooney thinking about how much she used to hate the song "Little Annie Rooney", a dance hall song from the 1890s.
- Lost Highway
- Lullaby of Broadway
- Meet Me in St. Louis had both songs newly written for the movie and period tunes. The former include "The Trolley Song" and "Have Yourself A Merry Little Christmas." Belonging to the latter group are "Under The Bamboo Tree" and the title song. "Skip to My Lou" straddles the line.
- Man on the Moon (The 1992 R.E.M. song about Andy Kaufman became the title for his Bio Pic in 1999. The band wrote the film's underscore and incorporated the song as a Leitmotif. They also wrote a new song for it, "The Great Beyond", that serves as a companion piece to the original tune.)
- French movie Ma Petite Entreprise.
- The Midnight Hour (Although the song's full title is "In The Midnight Hour".)
- The Mighty Quinn
- Murder by Numbers
- My Boyfriend's Back
- My Girl
- Only The Lonely
- Pagan Love Song
- Paper Moon
- Peggy Sue Got Married
- Pretty in Pink
- Pretty Woman
- P.S. I Love You
- Sea Of Love
- Silent Night
- Sixteen Candles (covered by The Stray Cats)
- Smilin' Through, all three film versions and the play that proceeded them, after the song
- So Close is named after the song "Close To You" by the Carpenters, even though the words "So Close" don't appear in it.
- Some Kind of Wonderful
- Something to Talk About
- Stand by Me
- Staying Alive
- Stormy Weather
- Sweet Home Alabama (instead of the actual Lynyrd Skynyrd recording, you hear two cover versions in the film)
- Take Me Out to the Ball Game
- Take This Job And Shove It
- Taking Care of Business
- Things to Do in Denver When You're Dead went from Warren Zevon song to the title of a 1995 film. Then John Cale wrote a song about the film, which would have counted as an inversion if he hadn't shortened the title to just "Things."
- This Must Be The Place
- To the Shores of Tripoli
- Walking On Sunshine
- Walk the Line (Johnny Cash biopic - the song is "I Walk the Line")
- White Christmas
- Yellow Submarine was the only Beatles movie which was based on a Beatles song instead of having the song written for the movie, having first appeared in 1966 on the album Revolver.
- Several of Manly Wade Wellman's Silver John stories are named after/inspired by Appalachian folk-tunes, including "Shiver In The Pines", "The Little Black Train" and "The Desrick on Yandro". The eponymous hero always sings at least a verse or two of the song in question, accompanying himself on his silver-strung guitar.
- Less Than Zero by Bret Easton Ellis, named for the Elvis Costello song.
- Here Comes the Sun, novel by Tom Holt. The chorus is sung in the final scene.
- A pattern with Wally Lamb : Shes Come Undone , We Are Water, I Know This Much Is True , The Hour I First Believed, and Wishin And Hopin .
- David Bowie's "Life On Mars" wasn't the Theme Tune to Life On Mars, but it did appear in a few significant moments.
- Likewise Ashes to Ashes, with the addition of the clown from Bowie's "Ashes to Ashes" video who appears in the lead character's hallucinations.
- Life Goes On (although of course the song title is "Ob-la-di, Ob-la-da").
- Even more confusingly, Empty Nest used the Billy Vera song "Life Goes On" as its theme.
- Heartbeat, British police drama set in the 60's. Named for the Nick Berry song that is also theme tune. Also, beat - police.
- What I Like About You
- One Fine Day
- As Time Goes By
- A Fine Romance
- Harper Valley P.T.A., TV movie and later series.
- Every episode of True Blood is named after a song which serves as a Literary Allusion Title to an episode's plot and are featured in the end credits of said episode.
- The Young Ones. The 1959 Cliff Richard tune was used as the opening theme.
- In the middle of Miami Vice's first season, former Eagles guitarist Glenn Frey released "Smuggler's Blues", a song about cocaine trafficking. The producers of the show immediately jumped on it, and not only titled the resultant episode "Smuggler's Blues", but they based the storyline on the lyrics of the song and cast Glenn Frey as Jimmy the Bush Pilot.
- Eureka episode "I'll Be Seeing You." The song is also used in several other episodes.
- Supernatural has a lot of episodes named after songs, including "In My Time Of Dying", "Everybody Loves A Clown", "Crossroad Blues", "Houses Of The Holy", "Born Under A Bad Sign", "Folsom Prison Blues", "What Is And What Should Never Be", "All Hell Breaks Loose", "Sympathy For The Devil", "Like A Virgin", "My Heart Will Go On", "Let It Bleed", "Hello Cruel World", "Torn And Frayed", "As Time Goes By", "Goodbye Stranger", "Pac Man Fever", "I Think Im Gonna Like It Here", "I'm No Angel", "Mother's Little Helper", "Stairway To Heaven", and "Soul Survivor".
- The CBS Schoolbreak Special Dedicated To The One I Love.
- Every episode of Luke Cage is named after a Gang Starr song.
- ABC were named after the The Jackson Five song of the same name.
- The Velvet Underground & Nico, the debut record for Velvet Underground, inspired two instances of this trope. The music festival All Tomorrow's Parties was named after the song of the same name, and another cut from that album, "The Black Angel's Death Song", inspired The Black Angels.
- Boredoms were named after the Buzzcocks' song "Boredom."
- Canned Heat was named after the Tommy Johnson song "Canned Heat Blues".
- Cave In, after the Codeine song "Cave-In": They also released a Cover Version of their namesake song as a bonus track to the album Perfect Pitch Black.
- A Certain Ratio exists because of a line in Brian Eno's "The True Wheel".
- Death Cab for Cutie were named after the eponymous song by the The Bonzo Dog Band.
- Judas Priest was inspired by Bob Dylan's "The Ballad of Frankie Lee and Judas Priest".
- The Killers were named after the fictional band in the music video of the New Order song "Crystal".
- Lady Gaga was named after Queen's "Radio Gaga".
- The Kooks were named after David Bowie's song "Kooks" from his album Hunky Dory.
- Machine Head got their name from the Deep Purple song and corresponding album both carrying that name.
- Madness thanks their name to the Prince Buster song of the same name, found on his album One Step Beyond.
- The Moody Blues were named after Duke Ellington's "Moon Indigo".
- Motörhead were named after Hawkwind's "Motorhead".
- The Raveonettes thank their existence to the Buddy Holly song "Rave On".
- Negativland were inspired by the Neu! song of the same name.
- Radiohead lend their name from the Talking Heads song "Radio Head" from the album True Stories.
- Big Country also got their name from a Talking Heads number: "The Big Country."
- The band Ella Guru were named after the Captain Beefheart song of the same name, from his Trout Mask Replica LP.
- The Rolling Stones were named after a line from Muddy Waters' song "Rolling Stone".
- Steeleye Span took their name from John "Steeleye" Span, a character in the folk song "Horkstow Grange", which they eventually recorded on their 1998 album Horkstow Grange.
- The Plastic People of the Universe, a Czech protest band, were named after the Frank Zappa song "Plastic People" from the album Absolutely Free.
- The Belgian band dEUS were named after the song "Deus" by The Sugarcubes.
- The Hotrats (sideproject of the band Supergrass) were named after Frank Zappa's album Hot Rats.
- Stiff Little Fingers were called that way because of the Vibrators' single of the same name.
- Starsailor were named after Tim Buckley's album of the same name.
- Bless Motörhead's "Dancing On Your Grave" for inspiring Sepultura to translate the title in Portuguese and called themselves that.
- The Sisters Of Mercy were named after a song on Leonard Cohen's Songs Of Leonard Cohen.
- Spoon might have never existed under that name if it weren't for the Can song "Spoon" from "Ege Bamyasi".
- Roxette were named after Dr. Feelgood's "Roxette".
- Bad Brains were named for the song "Bad Brain" from The Ramones' Road To Ruin.
- Skeletal Family was named after the David Bowie song "Chant of the Ever-Circling Skeletal Family."
- The March Violets inspired TWO '90s goth rock bands named in honor of their songs: Children On Stun and Grooving In Green. Neither of these songs ever became particularly popular.
- Dead Disco was named after the song by Metric.
- Almost all Jukebox Musicals: Mamma Mia!, Rock of Ages, We Will Rock You etc.
- One might expect My Fair Lady not to include "London Bridge." Yet in the original production, its music was part of the Opening Ballet. In the recent revival produced by Cameron Mackintosh, it was actually sung in the middle of "Get Me To The Church On Time."
- The folk opera Down in the Valley by Kurt Weill and Arnold Sundgaard. All the narration is sung to the tune of "Down in the Valley." Four other American folk songs are also included.
- Sweet Adeline. At least one version of the show used the barbershop quartet favorite, as did the 1934 movie version, though at the time of the setting, it hadn't in fact been written yet.
- Code Monkeys is named after a Jonathan Coulton song.
- Christmas specials Rudolph the Red-Nosed Reindeer and Frosty the Snowman, though those are both animations telling the same story in a song.
- Most Betty Boop shorts that feature a song are named after said song. Most famous are the trilogy of shorts featuring performances by Cab Calloway, such as Minnie the Moocher.
- In the early years Merrie Melodies were one-off cartoons based on (and named after) famous songs of the day, such as "I Love to Singa," while Looney Tunes were character-based. Eventually the only difference between Merrie Melodies and Looney Tunes were the title cards.
- Strange Magic
- A Kind of Magic is named after the Queen song. A mostly instrumental remix of that song is used as the theme song.
- Silent Hill: Shattered Memories was named after the line of their song When You're Gone.
- Twisted Metal: Black uses The Rolling Stones' "Paint it Black" for its ending theme.
- Burnout Paradise's Paradise City is named after the Guns N' Roses song used for the theme tune.
- Sega's Teddy Boy Blues featured the song of the same name by J-pop star Yoko Ishino. Releases outside of Japan dropped the song and changed the title.
Using a brand-new title song:
Song titles used without the song:
- Big Finish Doctor Who
- The Doctor Who Unbound drama Sympathy for the Devil is named after a The Rolling Stones song.
- The Doctor Who Unbound drama Masters of War is named after a Bob Dylan song.
- The title of the Fifth Doctor drama 1963: Fanfare for the Common Men is a slight variant on a piece of classical music called "Fanfare for the Common Man" by Aaron Copland.
Anime and Manga
- Bubblegum Crisis Tokyo 2040
- Cowboy Bebop: See the article
- The Kurosagi Corpse Delivery Service: All the manga chapters are named after obscure japanese pop/rock songs, with each volume commonly containing chapters named after songs by the same artist or other similar relations.
- Kamichu!: Each episode shares its title with the name of a J-pop song from the '80s or early '90s.
- The Gentlemen's Alliance is named after a song by Hiroko Yakushimaru.
- Scott Pilgrim is named after a song by Plumtree.
- The Sandman has issues titled "Bad Moon Rising," "Dream a Little Dream of Me" and "Lullabies of Broadway."
- The Superman story "What's So Funny About Truth, Justice and the American Way?" based its title on "What's So Funny About Peace, Love and Understanding?", a song written by Nick Lowe and recorded by Elvis Costello.
- The X-Men story "Days of Future Past" is a play on the Concept Album Days of Future Passed by The Moody Blues.
- The story in The Multiversity Guidebook #1 is called "Maps and Legends", from the R.E.M. song.
- Books of Magick: Life During Wartime after the Talking Heads song.
- Likely the most infamous fanfic example is My Immortal.
- American Pie
- Dazed and Confused (the Led Zeppelin song was meant to be on the soundtrack, but the band wouldn't clear it).
- Led Zeppelin are notoriously impossible to get permission to use in films. The director's later film School of Rock is one of the few films to actually get the permission to get it.
- Fools Rush In
- Some Kind of Wonderful
- Velvet Goldmine would have used David Bowie's song of that title, but he didn't think much of the film—very loosely based on him and Iggy Pop—and refused to clear it.
- My Boyfriend's Back
- Love Will Tear Us Apart by Yu Lik-wai (although not the original title)
- Paper Heart, an indie romantic comedy named after a 1983 New Wave song by Robert King. Its filmmakers nearly managed to get permission to use the actual song, but King got to them too late.
- All Tomorrow's Parties (idem)
- All That Jazz has the same title as a song from another musical by Bob Fosse. But it doesn't use that song.
- Boogie Nights was named after the Heatwave song, though it's not on the soundtrack.
- It's Always Fair Weather
- Arguably, Poppy Z. Brite's Exquisite Corpse, after the song by Bauhaus.
- Several chapters of John Weir's book The Irreversible Decline of Eddie Socket are titled after songs by Stephen Sondheim.
- When Gravity Fails (from the Bob Dylan song "Just Like Tom Thumb's Blues") and its sequel, Fire in the Sun (from "It's All Over Now, Baby Blue")
- I Know This Much is True by Wally Lamb, a novel named from/after the Spandau Ballet song "True".
- Diamond Dogs is titled after a David Bowie song (and album).
- Less Than Zero is titled after an Elvis Costello song; its sequel Imperial Bedrooms is an album title.
- Jill Churchill's Grace & Favor series:
- Anything Goes
- In the Still of the Night
- Someone to Watch Over Me
- Love for Sale
- It Had to Be You
- Who's Sorry Now
- "Out of the Night When the Full Moon is Bright" by Kim Newman, which mixes werewolves into the legend of Zorro, takes its title from the opening theme of the 1950s Zorro TV series.
- Bernice Summerfield: Life During Wartime, a short story collection set during the invasion of the Braxiatel Colection by the Fifth Axis, takes its name from the Talking Heads song.
- Almost any individual episode of a TV show with a song title, because it doesn't pay to license a song for just one episode, particularly if it's done as a form of Idiosyncratic Episode Naming.
- Angel has various episodes titled after songs, e.g. "Shiny Happy People", "Over the Rainbow", "Not Fade Away"
- Degrassi: The Next Generation uses (mostly) '80s songs for its episode titles. This changes in seasons 9 and on, as many episodes are named for songs from the 00s.
- Desperate Housewives titles its episodes after songs, mostly by Stephen Sondheim.
- Farscape episodes titled after songs include "Won't Get Fooled Again," "A Kiss Is But A Kiss" and "Dream a Little Dream."
- Grey's Anatomy also uses song titles for episodes, including the two-parter "It's The End of The World"/"... As We Know It."
- Lost used the titles "House of the Rising Sun" and "Born to Run" without the songs (though the lyrics of the former certainly would have echoed the episode.)
- One Tree Hill uses song titles/lyrics/album names as episode titles, as well as being named after a U2 song.
- Covert Affairs named all the Season One episodes (except the pilot) after Led Zeppelin songs, their Season Two episodes after R.E.M. songs, their Season Three episodes after David Bowie songs, and their Season Four episodes after songs by The Pixies.
- Cougar Town names most of their episodes after songs by Tom Petty. The only exceptions are "Pilot" and "Everything Man".
- Each of the four final seasons of That '70s Show had episodes titled after songs from a particular band per season (Led Zeppelin on S5, The Who on S6, The Rolling Stones on S7 and Queen on S8).
- I Dream of Jeannie (the original Theme Tune was simply named "Jeannie", and the lyrics weren't used at all)
- Every episode of ALF was named for a song title.
- Who Wants to Be a Millionaire?, titled after a Cole Porter song.
- British sitcom September Song. The song in question was already being used by a rival broadcaster's May to December.
- Californication, although entirely unrelated to the Red Hot Chili Peppers.
- The Supernatural episode "In My Time Of Dying" based on a gospel song covered by Bob Dylan and Led Zeppelin. Various other episodes use song-based titles as well (e.g. "Folsom Prison Blues", "Dream a Little Dream of Me", "I Believe the Children Are Our Future", "Good God Y'all", etc.)
- Veronica Mars episode "Like a Virgin" is titled after the Madonna song and album.
- Dave Gorman's Modern Life is Good-ish is a play on the blur album Modern Life is Rubbish, which in turn is a line from the song "For Tomorrow".
- The Battlestar Galactica (2003) episode "A Day in the Life" is named after The Beatles classic from Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band.
- The BBC Scotland Schools history programme Jacobites had three episodes, each titled after a song of the period: "Ye Jacobites by Name" (the Hanoverian perspective), "Charlie is My Darling" (the Jacobite perspective) and "Over the Sea to Skye" (the aftermath).
- Terminator: The Sarah Connor Chronicles: "Samson And Delilah" and "Born to Run" are both named for songs by Bruce Springsteen.
- The Enemy at the Door episode "After the Ball" shares its name with a 19th-century popular song. The verses don't fit the episode, but the refrain does:
Many a heart is aching,
If you could read them all;
Many the hopes that have vanished
After the ball.
- Deep Purple, from an interbellum ballad that had been a hit for bandleader Artie Shaw.
- Strangers in the Night, UFO live album.
- NWOBHM and early speed metal bands had a tendency to be named after a song by an iconic band. Examples include Chinatown and Black Rose (Thin Lizzy songs), Heavy Pettin' and Obsession (UFO albums), Exciter (Judas Priest song), Overkill (Motörhead song), and Machine Head (Deep Purple album).
- Bad Brains, after "Bad Brain" by The Ramones.
- Human Highway, Neil Young song.
- Powderfinger, also after a Neil Young song.
- Velocity Girl, Primal Scream song.
- The Canadian indie rock band Eric's Trip named themselves after the last song on side B of Sonic Youth's Daydream Nation.
- Gigolo Aunts are named after Syd Barrett's "Gigolo Aunt".
- Radiohead, Talking Heads song (though the song is technically "Radio Head")
- Judas Priest took their name from the Bob Dylan song "The Ballad of Frankie Lee and Judas Priest."
- Scottish hard rock band Nazareth took their name from "The Weight" by The Band.
- Dixie Chicks were named after the Little Feat song "Dixie Chicken".
- Rare "Titled After the Album" example: 1980s country duo Sweethearts of the Rodeo named themselves after The Byrds' Sweetheart of the Rodeo album, and even paid homage to said album with the cover of their Buffalo Zone album.
- The Rolling Stones took their name from Muddy Waters' "Rollin' Stone".
- Ladytron from the song of the same name on Roxy Music's first album
- A Certain Ratio were named after a line in ''Brian Eno's "Third Uncle".
- Death Cab for Cutie, after a song by the Bonzo Dog Doo-Dah Band.
- British folksinger John Wesley Harding, after the song and album by Bob Dylan.
- Cave In, after the Codeine song "Cave-In". They would eventually cover their namesake song as a bonus track to the album Perfect Pitch Black.
- Mayhem were named after the Venom song "Mayhem with Mercy".
- Enslaved take their name from an Immortal demo track, "Enslaved in Rot".
- Moonsorrow are named after the Celtic Frost song "Sorrows of the Moon".
- For some reason, the subsections of the Pyramid article "Call No Man Happy Until He Is Dread: Dark Lords in GURPS Discworld" are Bruce Springsteen quotes: "And Remember Just Don't Smile" (from "Meeting Across the River"); "Born to Ruin" (play on "Born to Run"); "Darkness on the Edge of Town" ("Darkness on the Edge of Town"); "It's a Death Trap; It's a Suicide Rap" ("Born to Run" again).
- The A-Train series of railway sim games is titled after the jazz standard "Take The 'A' Train."
- Kagirinaki Tatakai, a 1983 game for the Sharp X1 published by Enix, has the same Japanese title as Led Zeppelin's song "The Battle of Evermore."
- Painkiller (from the Judas Priest song).
- Rock of Ages
- Just Dance series after a song by Lady Gaga. Ironically the song did not appear in the games until Just Dance 2014.
- MOTHER after a song by John Lennon.
- Sounds Like a Melody, which is named after the song by 1980s German synthpoppers Alphaville.
- Kiwi Blitz. Each track (chapter) is named after a different song.
- All of Kid Radd's strips are named after 80's songs.
- Rule Of Three started out titling each strip after a rock song.
- 1977: The Comic titles most of its strips after songs from The '70s.
- The webcomic My Name Is Might Have Been gets its name from the Courtney Love song "Celebrity Skin."
- The El Goonish Shive story arc "Painted Black" is named after The Rolling Stones song "Paint It, Black".
- The Order of the Stick strip "I See a Red Robe and I Want to Paint it Black" is named after the same song.
- Many Questionable Content strips, including a whole string idiosyncratically named after indie songs.
- Many thread titles in Survival of the Fittest happen to be these, due to the storyline being written by a community of writers with differing tastes. If we were to list them all it would take a while.