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The Rolling Stones are an British blues-rock band. The band formed in June 1962 in London when leader Brian Jones and pianist Ian Stewart were joined by vocalist Mick Jagger and guitarist Keith Richards, whose song-writing partnership later contributed to their taking the leadership role from Jones in the group. Bassist Bill Wyman joined in December 1962 and drummer Charlie Watts joined in January 1963, completing the first stable line-up. Ian Stewart was removed from the official line-up in 1963 but continued to work with the band as road manager and main pianist and keyboardist until his death in 1985.The band's early recordings were mainly covers of American blues and R&B songs. After first achieving success in the UK, they became popular in the US during The British Invasion of the early 1960s. Their 1965 single "(I Can't Get No) Satisfaction" and album Out Of Our Heads established The Rolling Stones as a premier rock and roll act. Starting with their 1966 album Aftermath, the songs of Jagger and Richards, aided by the instrumental experimentation of Jones, expanded an always-present stylistic flexibility. Jones died in 1969 shortly after leaving the band and was replaced by Mick Taylor. Taylor recorded five studio albums with the band before quitting in 1974. Former Faces guitarist Ronnie Wood stepped in, became an official member in February 1976 and has been with the band ever since. Wyman quit in 1993; bassist Darryl Jones, who is not an official band member, has worked with the group since then.The Rolling Stones have released 22 studio albums in the UK (24 in the US), 19 live albums and numerous compilations; and have sold more than 200 million albums worldwide. Sticky Fingers (1971) began a string of eight consecutive studio albums that charted at number one in the United States. In 1989 The Rolling Stones were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, and in 2004 they were ranked number 4 in Rolling Stone magazine's 100 Greatest Artists of All Time. Their image of unkempt and surly youth (originally cultivated in large part to contrast them with The Beatles) is one that many musicians still emulate.For the Heinlein novel, see The Rolling Stones.
Principal members (Founding members in bold, current members in italic):
Brian Jones - guitar, vocals, harmonica, percussion, organ, keyboard, harpsichord, marimba, sitar, dulcimer, koto, vibraphone, recorder, saxophone, oscillator, mellotron, flute, brass, tamboura, trumpet, congas, autoharp, banjo, mandolin, bass, clarinet, xylophone, glockenspiel, harp, tabla (1962-1969, died 1969)
William Perks (Bill Wyman) - bass, backing and lead vocals, guitar, organ pedals, double bass, piano, percussion, maracas, autoharp, vibes, synthesizer, marimba (1962-1993) note Served as a guest musician at shows in 2012
Keith Richards - guitar, backing and lead vocals, piano, organ, bass, double bass, bicycle spokes, tambourine (1962-Present)
Ian Stewart - piano, keyboard, organ, percussion (1962-1963, died 1985) note Demoted to Road Manager and Studio and Touring Musician in 1963 until his death in 1985
Mick Taylor - guitar, vocals, bass, synthesizer, congas (1969-1974) note Appeared on Tattoo You from tracks dating back to 1972 and made a guest appearance at one of their concerts in 1981. He has been a guest performer since 2012
Charlie Watts - drums, percussion, tabla, cowbell, clave, tambourine (1963-Present)
Ronnie Wood - guitar, vocals, bass, bass drum, drums, saxophone, dobro (1976-Present)
1966 - Aftermathnote Released in the US only as the substitute for the UK version. The track-listing was changed and it omitted Out Of Time, Take It Or Leave It, What To Do and Mother's Little Helper and added Paint It Black
1967 - Between The Buttonsnote Released in the US only as the substitute for the UK version. Back Street Girl and Please Go Home were omitted and Let's Spend The Night Together and Ruby Tuesday were added
2012 - Live At The Checkerboard Lounge, Chicago 1981note A duet with Muddy Waters
2012 - Live At The Tokyo Domenote Recorded in 1990
2012 - Light The Fusenote Recorded in 2005
2012 - Live At Leedsnote Recorded in 1982
2013 - Hyde Park Live
1963 - Come On
I Want To Be Loved as the B-side
1963 - I Wanna Be Your Man
Stoned as the B-side
1964 - Not Fade Awaynote Otherwise available on England's Newest Hitmakers, but not on a UK album
Little By Little as the UK B-side note Otherwise available on their 1964 album The Rolling Stones
I Wanna Be Your Man as the US B-side note Previously released as an A-side in 1963
1964 - It's All Over Nownote Otherwise available on 12 X 5, but not on a UK album
Good Times, Bad Times as the B-side note Otherwise available on 12 X 5, however not on a UK album
1964 - Time Is On My Sidenote Otherwise available on their 1965 album The Rolling Stones No.2
Congratulations as the B-side note Otherwise available on the US only album 12 X 5, but not on a UK album
1964 - Little Red Roosternote Otherwise available on The Rolling Stones Now!, but not on a UK album
Off The Hook as the B-side note Otherwise available on The Rolling Stones No.2
1965 - The Last Timenote Otherwise available on the US version of ''Out Of Our Heads, but not on a UK album
Play With Fire as the B-Side note Otherwise available on Out Of Our Heads, but on the US version only; not on a UK album
1965 - (I Can't Get No) Satisfactionnote Again, available on the US version of Out Of Our Heads, but not on a UK album
The Spider And The Fly as the UK B-side note Available on the US version of Out Of Our Heads, but not on a UK album
The Under Assistant West Coast Promotional Man as the US B-side note Otherwise available on their 1965 album Out Of Our Heads
1965 - Get Off Of My Cloudnote Otherwise available on December's Children (And Everybody's), but not on a UK album
The Singer Not The Song as the UK B-side note Otherwise available on the US album December's Children (And Everybody's), but not on a UK album
I'm Free as the US B-side note Otherwise available on the standard version of Out Of Our Heads
1965 - As Tears Go Bynote Otherwise available on the album December's Children (And Everybody's), and it was not put on a UK album
Gotta Get Away as the B-side note Otherwise available on the non-US version of Out Of Our Heads
1966 - 19th Nervous Breakdown
As Tears Go By as the UK B-side note Previously released as an A-side in 1965, as well as the US only album December's Children (And Everybody's)
Sad Day as the US B-side
1966 - Paint It Blacknote Otherwise available on the US version of Aftermath, but not an a UK album
Long Long While as the UK B-side
Stupid Girl as the US B-side note Otherwise available on their 1966 album Aftermath
1966 - Have You Seen Your Mother, Baby, Standing in the Shadow?
Who's Driving Your Plane as the B-side
1967 - Let's Spend The Night Togethernote Otherwise available on the US version of Between The Buttons, but not on a UK album
Ruby Tuesday as a double A-side note Otherwise available on the US edition of Between The Buttons, but not on a UK album
1967 - We Love You
Dandelion as the B-side
1968 - Jumpin' Jack Flash
Child Of The Moon as the B-side
1969 - Honky Tonk Women
You Can't Always Get What You Want as the B-side note Otherwise available on their 1969 album Let It Bleed
1974 - It's Only Rock 'n Rollnote Otherwise available on their 1974 album It's Only Rock 'n Roll
Through The Lonely Nights as the B-side
1975 - I Don't Know Why
Try A Little Harder as the B-side
1975 - Out Of Timenote Not the version available on their 1966 album Aftermath
Jiving Sister Fanny as the B-side
1978 - Shatterednote Otherwise available on their 1978 album Some Girls
Everything Is Turning To Gold as the B-side
1981 - If I Was A Dancer (Dance Pt.2)
Dance (Instrumental) as the B-side
1984 - She Was Hotnote Otherwise available on their 1983 album Undercover
I Think I'm Going Mad as the B-side
1989 - Mixed Emotionsnote Otherwise available on their 1989 album Steel Wheels
Fancy Man Blues as the B-side
1989 - Rock And A Hard Placenote Otherwise available on their album Steel Wheels
Cook Cook Blues as the B-side
1989 - Terrifyingnote Otherwise available on Steel Wheels
Wish I'd Never Met You as the B-side
1994 - Love Is Strongnote Otherwise available on their 1994 album Voodoo Lounge
The Storm as the first B-side
So Young as the second B-side note Otherwise available on the 2011 bonus disc of their 1978 album Some Girls
1994 - You Got Me Rockingnote Otherwise available on Voodoo Lounge
Jump On Top Of Me as the B-side
1994 - Out Of Tearsnote Available on Voodoo Lounge
I'm Gonna Drive as the first B-side
Sparks Will Fly and So Young as the second and third B-side note Sparks Will Fly is available on Voodoo Lounge and So Young is available on the 2011 bonus disc of Some Girls
1998 - Saint Of Menote Otherwise available on their 1997 album Bridges To Babylon
Anyway You Look At It as the first B-side
Gimme Shelter and Anybody Seen My Baby as the second and third B-side note Gimme Shelter is a live recording not available elsewhere, and Anybody Seen My Baby is otherwise available on Bridges To Babylon
2002 - Don't Stop
Miss You as the B-side note Remix otherwise not available elsewhere
2012 - Doom And Gloom
Doom And Gloom as the B-side note Remix of the A-side, Doom And Gloom
2013 - One More Shot
One More Shot as the B-side note Remix of the A-side, One More Shot
Bathroom Stall Graffiti: The Beggars Banquet cover. Decca Records found it so offensive at the time that they refused to use it, substituting a plain white cover with a fake dinner invitation instead. The bathroom cover would eventually be restored for the album's CD reissue.
Actually more of a "getting clean" - despite the common assumption that "Angie" is a woman, Keith Richards has stated that he wrote the song while detoxifying in Switzerland, and that Angie is a pseudonym for heroin.
Camp Straight: Mick Jagger. Very flamboyant on and off stage, had seven children with four women.
The Casanova: Bill Wyman. He slept with over 1000 women, far more than any other member of the band.
The Stones themselves, of course, were initially seen as a Darker And Edgier alternative to The Beatles.
Demoted to Extra: Shortly after becoming the Stones' business manager in 1964, Andrew Loog Oldham had keyboardist Ian Stewart demoted to road manager, ostensibly on the grounds that six were too many for a pop group but more likely because Stewart's short-haired, lantern-jawed appearance didn't fit the image Oldham was trying to cultivate for them. However, he did continue to contribute to the Stones' recordings and performed in the background as their touring keyboardist (but not a full member of the band) until his death.
Sadly, this is more or less what happened to Brian Jones as the '60s progressed. Originally the Stones' leader, Jones was relegated to an increasingly secondary role due to the emergence of the Jagger-Richards partnership (Jones didn't write any songs, which made him far less important as the group's commercial ambitions grew), deteriorating personal relations with his bandmates (exacerbated by a Love Triangle between Jones, Richards, and Anita Pallenberg), and his own personal problems (including severe drug and alcohol abuse). As a result of all this, Jones contributed little to the Stones' music after 1967; his final album with the band, Let It Bleed, features him on just two tracks (congas on "Midnight Rambler" and autoharp on "You Got The Silver").
Embarrassing Middle Name: In a memoir of his time living with the group in the early '60s, one-time Stones crony Jimmy Phelge relates how Brian Jones had a strong aversion to his middle name (Hopkins) and tried to keep it a secret from the others.
Epic Rocking: "Goin' Home", "Midnight Rambler", "Can't You Hear Me Knocking", "You Can't Always Get What You Want", "Love Is Strong"
One Plus One/Sympathy For The Devil is actually directed by Godard himself. It features digressive vignettes on politics and student movements intercut with actual footage showing the recording sessions in studio for "Sympathy For The Devil". The producer of the film famously re-titled the film after the song, outraging Godard and leading him to remark, "They wanted to make my One Plus One equal two!"
Gimme Shelter, a documentary of their disastrous 1969 free concert at Altamont Speedway, has been viewed by some as a meditation on the death of the Sixties.
Cocksucker Blues (named after the song they recorded to get way the fuck away from Decca, see below) is even worse; it hasn't been released. If the director tries, they'll sue him. Considering what's in it, that's in their best interest.
Happily Married: Charlie Watts is the only member of the band still married to his first wife, Shirley, who he married before the Stones became famous. His devotion to his wife is well known: When the band visited the Playboy Mansion in 1972, Watts played pool with Hugh Hefner instead of partaking with the Bunnies like the rest of the band.
Heavy Meta: "It's Only Rock 'N' Roll" (but I like it, I like it, yes I do!)
Iconic Logo: Possibly the most famous band logo of all time.
Immune to Drugs: Keith Richards. A lesser man would have died long ago taking half the amount of drugs he's taken in his life.
In Memoriam: The 1969 compilation Through the Past, Darkly (Big Hits Vol. 2) is dedicated to the then recently-deceased Brian Jones, and the sleeve notes include an epitaph that Jones had composed himself.
When this you see, remember me And bear me in your mind Let all the world say what they may Speak of me as you find
Line-of-Sight Name: Brian Jones supposedly came up with the band's name while trying to get a club booking on the telephone. When the venue's manager asked Jones what his newly-formed group called themselves, he looked at a Muddy Waters album that was sitting on the floor and noticed the first track, "Rollin' Stone Blues".
Live Album: Several. Get Yer Ya-Ya's Out!, recorded on the 1969 U.S. tour and released in 1970, is generally considered the best of them.
Long Runner: Started as a London club band in 1962, still going strong.
Lyrical Dissonance: The Stones have a knack for combining beautiful, moving music with severely screwed-up lyrics full of sex (and definitely not of the Safe, Sane and Consensual kind), drugs, violence, and general weirdness.
Case in point: "Brown Sugar", the only upbeat song on the Sticky Fingers album. It's about slave rape on American cotton plantations.
Paint It Black: Trope Namer (the actual song has nothing to do with the trope).
Pen Name: The pseudonym "Nanker Phelge" was used for several early group compositions.note "Nankering" or "pulling a nanker" was the Stones' slang term for making a face, while "Phelge" was a Shout-Out to Jimmy Phelge, who shared a London flat with Mick, Keith, and Brian prior to the group's success.
Mick Jagger himself was critical about this trope, noting that he was amazed that the Satanic metaphor became popular with Heavy Metal musicians when for him the song wasn't really about "the devil" at all.
Rock Star Song: "It's Only Rock 'N' Roll". Keith's "Before They Make Me Run" kind of qualifies as well.
The original Some Girls cover includes photos of Lucille Ball, Judy Garland, Marilyn Monroe, Farrah Fawcett, and Raquel Welch. This backfired when the women and/or their estates threatened legal action, forcing the album to be withdrawn and the cover altered.
Jazz great Sonny Rollins plays saxophone on "Waiting For A Friend".
JimmyPage plays guitar on "One Hit (To The Body)".
Eric Clapton plays guitar on the live Flashpoint version of "Little Red Rooster".
The live album No Security has Dave Matthews doing guest vocals on "Memory Motel".
Live Licks includes guest appearances by Sheryl Crow ("Honky Tonk Women") and Solomon Burke ("Everybody Needs Somebody To Love").
Shine A Light includes guest appearances by Christina Aguilera ("Live With Me"), Jack White ("Loving Cup"), and Buddy Guy ("Champagne And Reefer").
David Bowie sang co-lead on the original recording of "It's Only Rock 'N' Roll (But I Like It)", although his vocals were wiped for the finished version. Ditto Pete Townshend on "Slave".
Spicy Latinas: The "Puerto Rican girls who are just dying to meet you" in "Miss You."
Spoken Word in Music: Several of their songs have brief spoken-word bits from Jagger: "Something Happened To Me Yesterday", "Fingerprint File", "Miss You", "Far Away Eyes", "Slave", "Tops", etc.
Stage Names: "Bill Wyman" was born William George Perks.
Brian Jones initially called himself Elmo Lewis when the Stones started, after his idol Elmore James.
In fact, Brian was born Lewis Brian Hopkins Jones.
Keith Richards billed himself as "Keith Richard" in the '60s and '70s, in emulation of early British rocker Cliff Richard.
Step Up to the Microphone: Keith Richards (numerous songs including "You Got The Silver", "Happy", "Before They Make Me Run", "Little T&A", etc.); Bill Wyman ("In Another Land"); Brian Jones (co-lead vocals on "Walking The Dog").
Sympathy for the Devil: Trope Namer. Ironically, the song in question is a subversion of the trope, as the Devil spends the whole song bragging about how evil he is. Or rather, sarcastically confessing how evil and horrible he is, when "after all it was you and me" and that the Devil is nothing more than humanity denying their own capacity for evil. Lucifer also threatens to "lay your soul to waste" if you don't show him sympathy or respect. Yikes.
Take That: When their former record company told them they were obligated to deliver one more single, the band gave them the unreleasable "Cocksucker Blues". It was released in Germany and did well there, though.
"We Love You" was the Stones' "valentine" to the British establishment following the group's harassment by police and media throughout 1967, which culminated in an infamous drug raid at Keith Richards' home and the attempted imprisonment of he and Jagger for possession.