Almost every Tool album, save for Opiate (which was an EP anyway) and Lateralus (the title is on the album jacket, but not on the actual booklet).
The original release of Deftones' White Pony did have the album title and band name on the cover, but the reissue that added "Back To School (Mini-Maggit)" moved that text to the inside back cover, where it could be read through the clear inside tray when the case was closed.
The albums Screamadelica, Give Out but Don't Give Up and More Light and singles "Ivy Ivy Ivy / You're Just Too Dark to Care" and "The Big Man and the Scream Team Meet the Barmy Army Uptown" by Primal Scream.
Absolution by Muse. Most editions have the album and band name however.
Black Holes and Revelations also follows this trope, and like Absolution has a majority of editions with the band and album name.
The Devil and God are Raging Inside Me, an album by Brand New.
Inverted with the Hipgnosis sleeve for the XTC album Go 2, in which the cover art is nothing but text, talking about how it's a RECORD (note the all caps) COVER, and how it functions in selling an album.
Their last two albums, Apple Venus and Wasp Star have no text.
Weezer's Hurley - The cover is a text free picture of Jorge Garcia, aka Hurley from LOST. Once the cover was chosen, it nearly was going to be yet another Self-Titled Album, but then they decided to officially call the album what they predicted the Fan Nickname for it would be anyway.
In Through the Out Door was originally issued in a paper sleeve with the title on it, beneath which was one (at random) of three textless photo covers. Some CD editions replicate this; conventional plastic CD cases have the textless photos on the booklet (any one of three can be displayed depending on how the booklet is folded).
Yeezus takes this to absurd levels. Not only is there no artwork on the album itself, there is no artwork for the CD or disc at all either—it's all blank, and the only things keeping it from being too blank are a square and the PA sticker on the packaging and a sticker displaying the writing credits of the album on the back.
Tyler the Creator's (of OFWGKTA) Goblin. On some editions, "GOBLIN" is imprinted over the cover guy's face.
The Beastie Boys' Paul's Boutique, sort of: The cover depicts a few storefronts on a street corner, one of which has a sign reading "Paul's Boutique". The "Paul's Boutique" sign isn't really the most prominent part of the cover though, and the band name doesn't appear on the front at all.
Lupe Fiasco's Food & Liquor II: The Great American Rap Album Pt. 1.
The censored version of No Love Deep Web by Death Grips.
The CD-only cover for Perfume's third album, "Triangle". Unless the giant, 3D triangle they have tilted around them counts.
The covers of Ami Suzuki's "DOLCE" and "CONNETTA".
Utada Hikaru seems to love this trope, with the majority of her album covers applying - "First Love", "Distance", "DEEP RIVER", "ULTRA BLUE", and "Utada Hikaru SINGLE COLLECTION VOL.2" all apply, with only her English albums, first Japanese single collection, and "HEART STATION" averting it.
Spanish Dance Troupe by Gorky's Zygotic Mynci. (Also, Barafundle almost qualifies; the cover is a photo of a pin board with various pictures and objects on it, but some of those have writing on them.)
Treats by Sleigh Bells. There is a sticker with the band name and album name on the plastic wrap, though.
The follow-up Reign Of Terror also has no text. The artwork is, if anything, even more minimal - it's a pair of white sneakers (one of which is mysteriously stained red) over a beige background. Some editions of the album have the band and album name though.
Bitter Rivals also opts out of having text.
Prince's Batman soundtrack only features the movie's logo (taken directly from the poster; fittingly, the original VHS release of the film itself features no text on its cover).
Also, the U.S. 7" singles for "Purple Rain" and "When Doves Cry", as well as The Hits/The B-Sides, and certain prints of The Hits 1 and The Hits 2.
The Black Album is a pretty extreme example, as the outside packaging is completely black with no text beyond a catalog number and copyright information from Warner Bros. Records - there are also no inside liner notes aside from a track-list printed on the CD itself, and the name of the artist or album are never printed anywhere.
Several singles by New Order also had textless covers, in particular "Procession", "Temptation", "Blue Monday", "State of the Nation", "Bizarre Love Triangle", "True Faith", "Touched by the Hand of God", "Fine Time", "Round and Round", "Crystal", "60 Miles an Hour", and "Here to Stay".
"Temptation" does have the title on the front, not printed, but embossed. Camouflaged by the multi-coloured background, it's almost invisible unless you tilt it at exactly the correct angle to the light.
Most of New Order’s record covers, actually. Power, Corruption and Lies has the distinction of having no band name or album title information anywhere on either front or back covers or the record spine.
Porcupine Tree seems to enjoy doing this with eerily disturbing images. Metanoia, Stupid Dream, Lightbulb Sun, In Absentia, Deadwing, Fear of a Blank Planet, and the Moonloop EP all feature textless covers, though each would usually feature a sticker on the shrink wrap with the band and album name. Some reissues of these have added text to the covers.
Also Unreleased Electronic Music Vol 1, Insurgentes, and The Raven That Refused to Sing (And Other Stories) by Steven Wilson.
Technically, Anoraknophobia by Marillion qualifies; the title is not on the actual cover, but is printed vertically on the inside of the back cover, and visible next to the cover through the transparent CD case when it's closed.
Passion, Us, Secret World Live, OVO, Long Walk Home, Up, and Scratch My Back by Peter Gabriel.
Thus far, almost every full length album by The Mars Volta. The exception is the Live AlbumScab Dates, and they're also more likely to include a band name or album title on the front of singles or EPs.
Some pressings of The Beatles (a.k.a. The White Album) almost qualify, because the only text is embossed and is coloured the same as the rest of the cover. (Some more recent copies have the name in grey letters rather than embossed letters, and the earliest copies had serial numbers on the cover.)