For many music fans, a live show is one of the best ways to listen to music. Playing a record is great, but it just can't compare to the roar of the crowd, the fantastic improvisations, or the smell of certain illicit substances
. But what do you do if the band you want to see live has broken up, or you can't afford to see them, or the concert you want to see was a once-in-a-lifetime event that will never be repeated again? Well, you buy the live album, of course!
Live albums are pretty self-explanatory - they are recorded at a show, normally coming from the soundboard. Some live albums are recorded at just one concert, while others are recorded at several different concerts (sometimes spliced together to make them seem like they came from the same show). Sometimes the songs sound pretty close to how they are on the record, but with some artists, live versions can take on a completely different feel. (For example: the studio version of "Whipping Post" by The Allman Brothers Band
is about five minutes long, a pretty standard length for a song from that era. The live version on At Fillmore East
? 23 minutes!
) Some artists like to spice up their live albums by rearranging the songs
, such as playing them unplugged
or adding a symphony orchestra
The quality and importance of live albums varies greatly depending on the artist and genre of music. Many live albums are seen as inessential or just quick cash-ins for the record label
, but some, especially in rock and jazz, are seen as just important as their studio albums. Some huge touring bands, like The Grateful Dead
and Pearl Jam
have many more live albums than studio recordings! Often, classic artists like Bob Dylan
and The Who
will unearth live albums long after they were actually recorded and release them for fans.
Many fans like to make bootlegs, unofficial live albums recorded at a show without the record company's permission. Artists have had varying opinions on this, with some hating bootlegs to the extent that they try to sue bootleggers and some encouraging bootleggers
so much that they will have their own "official bootlegs" on their website for download. Some bands will occasionally take bootlegs and release them officially. Be warned before you give bootlegs a try - because they are not officially released, the sound quality usually varies.
Examples of famous live albums:
- The Allman Brothers Band: At Fillmore East. Eat A Peach partially counts, as half of it was done in the studio while the other half (mostly the 30-minute epic "Mountain Jam") is live.
- Animal Collective: Hollinndagain, a unusual example in that the album consists entirely of original material that cannot be found on any studio albums - with the exception of "Lablakely Dress" which appears on Danse Manatee. Because of this, some consider it to be the band's third album.
- The Band: Rock of Ages, recorded at a 1971 New Year's Eve show in New York City.
- The Beatles: Their album Let It Be, the soundtrack to the concert film Let It Be, was supposed to be this, with the band rehearsing and recording their new songs live. The sniping and tension within the band (as well as the creative funk John Lennon was mired in at this time) led to several songs being dubbed or altered in the studio, most infamously Paul's "The Long and Winding Road". However, despite all the band's problems seven tracks were still laid down live: "I've Got a Feeling", "One After 909" and "I Dig a Pony" from the Apple rooftop performance, and "Get Back", "Two of Us", "Dig It" and "Maggie Mae" from studio performances. The entirety of the Apple rooftop concert, meanwhile, has gone on to become one of the most bootlegged of all the Beatles' material.
- Most of Please Please Me was this. After the band's second single, "Please Please Me", shot to the top of the UK charts, EMI wanted an album in a hurry. The Beatles and George Martin convened in the studio on February 11, 1963 and over a little less than ten hours recorded ten more songs, which were added to the A and B sides of the first two singles and put out as an album. The original plan was to record the band actually performing at a local club, but sound issues hampered this.
- The Beatles' only official live concert album released was of their two performances at the Hollywood Bowl (each recorded a year apart). Unfortunately, despite producer George Martin's best efforts, much of the master tapes were deemed unlistenable, and the sound quality was just absymal in general. It is one of the group's few non-"greatest hits" releases to have not received an official rerelease since the original vinyl.
- The only other official live Beatles album is Live at the BBC, a compilation of The Beatles' live performances (with some chatter) on BBC radio programs. Amusingly enough, since many of the master tapes from these performances had been erased or taped over, Apple had to rely heavily on bootleggersnote for much of the material on the album, leading to widely varying sound quality from song to song.
- An unofficial release of The Beatles' performances from their last sojourn to Hamburg was made in 1977, with The Beatles themselves trying and failing to block its release.
- There's a low-quality bootleg of their final official concert floating around. Unfortunately, it cuts out in the middle of a song.
- The Blue Öyster Cult have released five live sets. The increasing proficiency of the band note can be charted across the first three. The original double set On your Feet! Or On your Knees showcases a powerful, energetic, group doing quality hard rock, but who were still a bit unpracticed, loose and uncertain, and needed to tighten things up a little. It suffers from over-long solos, the curse of heavy rock. By the third, Extra Terrestrial Live, they have matured as a live act with a really tight, professional, performance. The one in between, Some Enchanted Evening, is so-so by comparison, and only makes sense in the CD release where it is accompanied by a DVD concert footage video. The band wanted to make a live concert film, but in the event could only release the audio track as a live LP. It was only with the advent of DVD that the original concept could be released.
- James Brown: Live At The Apollo
- Captain Beefheart: He only has one, Bongo Fury, in collaboration with Frank Zappa, where Beefheart is basically the supporting act and only has a couple of songs where his vocals are the lead.
- Johnny Cash: At Folsom Prison and At San Quentin were both recorded at those prisons, and were responsible for putting Johnny back in the limelight in the late 60's.
- Cheap Trick: At Budokan, which not only put the band on the map in the U.S. but is considered better than any of their studio albums. The versions of "Surrender" and "I Want You To Want Me" are played more often on radio stations than their studio recordings.
- Joe Cocker: Mad Dogs and Englishmen (1970), which was also made into a Concert Film.
- Bill Cosby: I Started Out as a Child (1964) is a stand-up comedy album where he first told funny stories about childhood, a theme that he would later elaborate on during other records and would inspire Fat Albert and the Cosby Kids.
- Daft Punk: Alive 1997, and more importantly, Alive 2007. The latter is the only album from which they've ever won a Grammy, and was received very well. Both albums combine elements of the band's separate songs mixed into new stuff, and are both technically one continuous track.
- Deep Purple: They have two famous live albums, the first one oddly enough a collaboration with the London Symphonic Orchestra Concerto for Group and Orchestra (1969), the other the rock classic Made in Japan (1973).
- Bob Dylan has The Bootleg Series, a selection of bootleg recordings recorded at varying points in his career.
- Peter Frampton: Frampton Comes Alive!, which put him on the map in the U.S.
- Green Day: Bullet in a Bible, and Awesome As Fuck. The latter contains the song "Cigarettes and Valentines", the title track to an album that was recorded but never released due to stolen master tapes.
- Jimi Hendrix: Band of Gypsys is his most beloved concert album.
- Jean-Michel Jarre:
- His most well-known live album has to be his first, the platinum double-album The Concerts In China. It's remarkable for sounding the least of all his live releases like the studio albums. At his first concert in Paris in 1979, he piled up his entire studio on stage. Obviously, this was out of question when he flew to freshly post-Mao China, accompanied by other musicians for the first time. Also, these must have been his only performances in the 20th century without backing tracks.
- The other live albums from The '80s, In Concert Houston-Lyon and Jarre Live, not only sound quite close to the studio recording plus a few live additions, but they're also painfully shortened — not only do they not contain all pieces of music from the concerts (In Concert Houston-Lyon even tried to cover two shows), but most pieces are cut in length. Besides, especially the Lyon footage is more studio overdub than actual live recordings. There was a Limited Special Collector's Ultimate Edition album box named The Laser Years which was sought-after just for one album, Cities In Concert Houston-Lyon with the same tracklist as In Concert Houston-Lyon, but uncut. When Jarre had his albums remastered in 24 bit in The '90s, In Concert was fully replaced by Cities In Concert; Jarre Live, however, was only renamed Destination Docklands.
- Hong Kong averts Exactly What It Says on the Tin: Only "Fishing Junks At Sunset" (or the second half which is all that survived remastering and reducing the album from two CDs to only one) was actually recorded in Hong Kong — during the dress rehearsal. Everything else was taken from recordings of the 1993 Europe In Concert tour which is the most obvious if you happen to own the Europe In Concert — Barcelona VHS tape. That said, Jarre originally wanted to release a live album of another 1994 concert he planned to play in Düsseldorf. But after that concert was cancelled a few days before it would have happened, he had to release something else as a live album.
- Many of Jarre's shows have never seen an official live release; for example, the record-breaking 1990 mega-show Paris La Défense only got a VHS release cut from two hours down to one hour and twelve minutes. And after Hong Kong, only one more live CD was released as part of the Jarre In China DVD box. Needless to say that bootleg recordings of Jarre's concerts have been around since The '80s, often taped from live radio transmissions like the full two-hour Paris La Défense bootleg from Europe 2. Meanwhile, Jarre has encouraged his fans to record and bootleg his concerts, probably to not have to go through the hassle of releasing live double albums or the fans' anger after releasing another shortened live album.
- Brian Jones Presents the Pipes of Pan at Jajouka: Despite its name, Brian Jones merely produced it and does not actually appear anywhere on the album. It's really live album for the Master Musicians of Jajouka, a Moroccan folk group, but the recordings were shortened somewhat because the actual length of these chants can stretch out to several hours.
- Kiss's Alive is a bit of a subversion, as many of the tracks were re-recorded or overdubbed in the studio to fix sound issues and flubbed notes. Still, it ended up making the band famous and has sold much higher than any of their studio albums.
- Led Zeppelin had The Song Remains the Same, the soundtrack to the film of the same name. They also have BBC Sessions, the first disc of which is session recordings and the second is a live concert given on air. How the West Was Won is made up of concert recordings from 1972, but wasn't released until 2003. Led Zeppelin DVD is essentially a video live album, and contains footage from higher-quality bootlegs where the original concert recordings were either lost or unusable. Celebration Day gives a similar treatment to their 2007 reunion show.
- No Quarter: Page and Plant Unledded is a live album, albeit without John Paul Jones.
- Robert Plant has yet to release an official live album of his solo work, but bootleg recordings made it in as bonus tracks on re-releases of the albums on which they originally appeared, and he released an official bootleg available to download on his website in 2012.
- John Lennon: His first live performance as a solo artist can be found on Side 1 of Unfinished Music No. 2: Life With The Lions (1969), but it's basically a recording of Yoko wailing minutes long, while John provides guitar feedback. Apart from that you can't hear the audience at all. note . Lennon's first live album is Live Peace in Toronto 1969 (1969) and the second half of Some Time In New York City (1972) is also live, featuring a - heavily edited- live performance with Frank Zappa. note .
- Bob Marley: Bob Marley & The Wailers released two live albums during Bob's lifetime, Live! (1975) and "Babylon By Bus" (1978). Live! in particular is widely regarded as one of the finest concert albums ever released, as it captures the magic of Bob's concerts like none of his other albums have ever managed to surpass.
- MC5: Kick Out the Jams, unusual in that it was their first album.
- John McLaughlin's The Boston Record is completely live.
- Metallica: S&M, which adds a symphonic orchestra.
- Monty Python: Monty Python Live at Drury Lane is their second live album.
- Nirvana has two major ones, MTV Unplugged in New York, released in 1994 and full of acoustic renditions of some of their work as well as cover songs, and Live At Reading released in 2009. There's also the compilation From the Muddy Banks of the Wishkah, although it's not quite as well-known.
- Mike Oldfield only had one official live album note . A double album, featuring his most recent work, "Incantations", and his most famous, Tubular Bells. It features a full orchestra and choir.
- Pink Floyd had three, before and after their peak: the first disk of Ummagumma, which showcased the band in its pre-The Dark Side of the Moon psychedelic period and highly regarded among many fans, and Delicate Sound of Thunder and Pulse, both of which were from the David Gilmour-era when the band had already past their classic period. Not that music on the latter two albums is bad, it's just they are usually not regarded as highly as the studio albums (unlike the aforementioned Ummagumma, where the live songs are usually considered better then the studio versions).
- Elvis Presley Has had many official live releases both during and after his death. Among them: his 1968 comeback special, "In Person" which is from Elvis' first Las Vegas engagement in 1969; "On Stage" which features extra tracks from his early Vegas years; "An Afternoon at the Garden" and "As Recorded Live at Madison Square Garden" from 1972; his famous global satellite show "Elvis: Aloha from Hawaii" from 1973; "As Recorded live On Stage in Memphis" from 1974 and "Elvis in Concert" from his last concert tour in 1977. And that's not even counting the multitude of bootleg albums released by "Follow that Dream" records which to date has released dozens of bootleg and soundboard recordings of Elvis shows. Arguably the most notorious, yet atrocious concert album in his career is Having Fun With Elvis On Stage, a 35 minute collection of nothing but Elvis cracking jokes with the audience without any music or context.
- Queen: the most famous one is Live Killers, situated near the middle of their career and produced by the band themselves. Live Magic is special because some of the recordings were made at Freddie Mercury's last concerts ever, but the editing is heavy-handed with many songs having verses removed. In this century, several new live albums of varying quality made from 1970s or 1980s recordings have appeared.
- The Rolling Stones: Get Your Ya Yas Out!, among many others.
- Bob Seger: Live Bullet, which basically put him on the map nationally.
- Thin Lizzy: Live And Dangerous. Not only is crammed with hits, but although it's heavily tinkered with in the studio, the tinkering is not very noticeable and has been described as "making it closer to what you'd feel there than the real recording would".
- Sarah Vaughan: Her Live In Japan (1973) album is so acclaimed that it has been inducted in the National Recording Registry.
- Sid Vicious' only album is Sid Sings, a hastily cobbled together compilation of mostly live recordings and one studio track. The record was released in the wake of his death and it really shows. The audio quality is lo-fi.
- Tom Waits: Nighthawks at the Diner (1975) is notable for three things: 1) it was his first live album 2) it appeared after his first two studio albums, yet was all new material 3) it was a double album. The album is praised for the wonderful jazz nightclub atmosphere and Waits' amusing delivery and interludes.
- The Who: Live at Leeds, which features several songs that had not been released on any studio recordings, such as their cover of "Summertime Blues". The deluxe version contains Tommy in its entirety.
- The Yardbirds: Released Five Live Yardbirds in 1964, which was a revolutionary live album at the time.
- Other notable live albums by the band include Live Yardbirds: Featuring Jimmy Page and the collaboration album with Sonny Boy Williamson II.
- Frank Zappa: Fillmore East, June 1971 (1971), Just Another Band from L.A. (1972), Roxy And Elsewhere (1973), Bongo Fury (1975), Zappa In New York (1977), Tinseltown Rebellion (1981), Does Humor Belong In Music? (1986), Broadway the Hard Way (1988), Make a Jazz Noise Here (1991), The Best Band You Never Heard in Your Life (1991) and of course the You Cant Do That On Stage Anymore series, where the most interesting live concert moments from various decades are compiled together. The Yellow Shark (1995) is a live orchestral performance.
- A Very Special Christmas Live From Washington, D.C. (1999), the fourth album in the Very Special Christmas album series. It features Mary J. Blige, Run-D.M.C., Eric Clapton, Tracy Chapman and more.
- Dark Angel has their Live Scars EP.