Music / Fairport Convention
Fairport Convention is a British band formed in 1967. They are generally regarded as progenitors of the English Folk-Rock scene of the 1970s. They enjoyed popular success in the late 1960s and early 1970s with DJ John Peel championing them on radio. They were considered as important to British folk-rock as The Byrds
were to American folk-rock. After many line-up changes they continue to attract a modest but devoted following, especially to the annual Fairport's Cropredy Festival near Banbury in Oxfordshire.
The band began when guitarist Simon Nicol and bassist Ashley "Tyger" Hutchings were playing together in the Electric Shuffle Orchestra. They formed their own band along with guitarist/songwriter Richard Thompson
and drummer Sean Frater, which convened for rehearsals at Nicol's family home, Fairport, in Muswell Hill, North London. At first they set out to emulate American West Coast folk-rock bands like Jefferson Airplane
, playing covers of songs by Bob Dylan
, Joni Mitchell
and The Byrds
along with their own compositions. Frater left soon after the first gig at St Michael's Church Hall in Golders Green, to be replaced by Martin Lamble. Two singers, Judy Dyble and Iain Matthews, were taken on and the distinctive sound began to attract wider attention. An album, Fairport Convention
, soon followed but sold poorly. They then hooked up with Island Records and producer
Joe Boyd, replaced Dyble with folk singer Sandy Denny, and what followed in the space of a single year, 1969 was their three best-known albums that took the band on a remarkable journey from capable cover artists to seminal folk rock, even as tragedy in the form of a road accident that killed Martin Lamble and injured other band members caused personnel changes and musical differences that led to disintegration.
As band members left to pursue thir own directions Fairport Convention when through many lineup changes. The band that made the 1973 album Rosie
had no members in common with those that made 1969's Unhalfbricking
. By the late 1970s Britain had lost its appetite for folk-rock; few were buying their records and they were reduced to a small cult following only around the folk club scene. Poor sales led to the end of their recording contract and the band formally broke up, agreeing to meet for a reunion once a year in Cropredy, the home of bass player Dave Pegg who by then was the Face of the Band
. In 1985, with the growing success of the Cropredy Festival and the return of Simon Nicol, they reformed and have enjoyed modest success and a devoted following with a stable lineup to the present day.Fairport Convention Albums
- Fairport Convention (1968)
- What We Did On Our Holidays (1969) (called Fairport Convention in the US)
- Unhalfbricking (1969)
- Liege And Lief (1969)
- Full House (1970)
- Angel Delight (1971)
- Babbacombe Lee (1971)
- Rosie (1973)
- Nine (1973)
- Rising for the Moon (1975)
- Gottle o' Gear (1976) (as Fairport, or Fairport featuring Dave Swarbrick in the US)
- The Bonny Bunch of Roses (1977)
- Tipplers Tales (1978)
- Gladys's Leap (1985)
- Expletive Delighted! (1986)
- Red & Gold (1989)
- The Five Seasons (1990)
- Jewel in the Crown (1995)
- Old New Borrowed Blue (1996)
- Who Knows Where The Time Goes? (1997)
- The Wood and the Wire (1999)
- XXXV (2002)
- Over the Next Hill (2004)
- Sense of Occasion (2007)
- Festival Bell (2011)
- By Popular Request (2012)
- Myths and Heroes (2015)
Tropes associated with Fairport Convention:
- Ambiguous Situation: A number of the folk ballads Fairport covered don't spell everything out. "Reynardine" is a warning to young women about the title character, but it's not clear whether the implication is Death by Sex, Rape as Drama, abduction, or something else. Similarly, it's not entirely clear why gold-haired maidens are warned not to go to Carterhaugh in "Tam Lin", or who's giving the warning (the song does explicitly state that "their maidenhead" - i.e., virginity - is at risk, but it's not clear whether the implication is Rape as Drama or Death by Sex; some versions of the original text have Tam Lin giving the warning himself, while others have Janet's father giving the warning, but Fairport's leaves the speaker ambiguous), and it's never explicitly stated in Fairport's version whether Janet's encounter with Tam Lin (which leaves her pregnant and isn't actually described) is consensual, though their behaviour afterwards suggests that it was.
- Bilingual Bonus: "Si tu dois partir" on Unhalfbricking is Bob Dylan's "If You Gotta Go, Go Now", a 1965 hit for Manfred Mann in Britain, sung in French.
- Breakup Breakout: While the band has never quite gone away, several former members have gone on to success in other guises. Richard Thompson has enjoyed great critical acclaim as a solo artist even if he hasn't enjoyed mass popular appeal. Ashley Hutchings broke away to form Steeleye Span. Iain Matthews left to form Matthews Southern Comfort who scored an unlikely British #1 in late 1970 with a wistful, post-Altamont reading of Joni Mitchell's "Woodstock". Nobody was more astonished than Matthews. Sandy Denny also had a fairly successful solo career before her untimely Author Existence Failure from a fall down a flight of stairs, as well as a trio of albums with her folk group Fotheringay (two of which were posthumous).
- The Bus Came Back: Richard Thompson hasn't been a full-time band member since 1970, but he has appeared as a guest on several of their albums since. He's also performed a few shows with them here and there over the decades, most often at their annual Cropredy Festival.
- Child Ballads: They have recorded several, including "Tam Lin" (#39), "Sir Patrick Spens" (#58), and "Little Musgrave and Lady Barnard" (#81, as "Matty Groves").
- Concept Album: Babbacombe Lee.
- The Cover Changes the Gender: Averted. Several songs Denny sang (examples: "The Deserter" and the Liege & Lief version of "Sir Patrick Spens") still referred to the narrator as a male, despite her vocals obviously being female.
- The Cover Changes the Meaning: As discussed further on the YMMV page, much of the traditional English material they covered very likely had very different meanings to its authors and to its contemporary audiences than it does to contemporary audiences and to the band themselves.
- Death by Sex: A common fate in the folk songs the band covered, including "Matty Groves".
- Downer Ending: Another common thread in the band's cover material, often extending to Kill 'em All levels ("Sir Patrick Spens" is an example here).
- Dramatic Irony: The debut album Fairport Convention included a song called M1 Breakdown. In 1969, a few weeks before the release of Unhalfbricking, the band was returning to London from a gig in Birmingham when their van crashed on the M1, killing Martin Lamble and Richard Thompson's girlfriend Jeannie Franklin.
- Epic Rocking: A lot of examples. From their first five albums (including bonus tracks from reissues), "Reno, Nevada" (7:44), "A Sailor's Life" (11:11), "Percy's Song" (6:57), "Matty Groves" (8:10), "Tam Lin" (7:14), "Quiet Joys of Brotherhood" (10:19, although this includes a Hidden Track and a minute of silence), "Sloth" (9:15), and "Bonny Bunch of Roses" (10:48) stand out.
- In-Name-Only: After guitarist and founder Simon Nicol left in 1972 to form The Albion Country Band, there were no members remaining of the band as it was before the crash. Nicol rejoined in 1976 and has been there ever since.
- Law of Inverse Fertility: In "Tam Lin", Janet, an unmarried noblewoman, who is obviously one of the people who can least afford to get pregnant, gets pregnant from her encounter with the title character, which is strongly implied to be her first. It's a case of Earn Your Happy Ending, though, because they end up marrying at the end.
- Long Runner: As of 2015 the band has been together in one form or another for 48 years.
- Mood Whiplash: Done deliberately in "Matty Groves", in which the bloody ending of the song's tale is immediately followed by a riotous major-key jam.
- Murder Ballad: Several, which probably won't come as a surprise as a lot of them are based off of the Child Ballads. "Matty Groves" is probably the best example.
- Neologism: Unhalfbricking. A Perfectly Cromulent Word coined by Sandy Denny in the course of a word game the band members were playing on a trip between gigs.
- No Name Given: Lord Darnell's wife in "Matty Groves" is never given a name, despite being the central character of the story.
- Progressive Rock: Some of their songs could be considered to constitute early examples of progressive folk. Prog Archives has them listed as a "Prog Related" act.
- Revolving Door Band: No member of the group has been with the band for its entire existence. Its only consistent original member, guitarist Simon Nicol, was out of the band between 1971 and 1979. Although Dave Pegg has never left the group since he joined it in 1969, he is not an original member like Nicol.
- Rock Opera: Babbacombe Lee tells in a folk-ballad style the true story of John "Babbacombe" Lee, sentenced to hang for the murder of his employer but released after the gallows failed to operated three times in succession.
- Self-Demonstrating Song: In "Come All Ye", Sandy Denny sings a verse about each of the instruments.
- Uncommon Time:
- "Autopsy" switches between 3/4, 4/4, and 5/4.
- "Tam Lin" mostly alternates between 7/4 and 6/4.
- The instrumental coda of "Matty Groves" seems to use this as well, but good luck counting what the actual meter signature is.
- (5/4, as it turns out, but the subdivisions of rhythms makes it very non-obvious.)
- Your Cheating Heart: In "Matty Groves", Lord Darnell's wife's tryst with the titular character leads to both of their deaths at the hands of Lord Darnell.