"Everything makes me nervous - except making films."Dame Elizabeth Rosemond Taylor, DBE (February 27, 1932 – March 23, 2011) was a British-American actress.She started as a child actress in the 1940s, and become famous with movies like Lassie Come Home, National Velvet and Little Women. She made a successful transition to adult roles in Father of the Bride and A Place in the Sun. After a series of somewhat forgettable films, she appeared in Giant along with James Dean, then was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Actress four consecutive times for Raintree County, Cat on a Hot Tin Roof, Suddenly, Last Summer and Butterfield 8. She won for the last one, which was widely seen as a Consolation Award (even by Taylor herself).In 1963, she appeared in the big-budget historical epic Cleopatra, for which she received a record-breaking $1 million. During production, she started a relationship with her co-star Richard Burton, which caused a huge scandal because they were both married at the time. Cleopatra went way over budget, and became the most expensive film ever made; despite being the highest-grossing movie in 1963, it still was considered a failure.Taylor and Burton got married in 1964, and made several movies together. The most famous is Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf?, for which Taylor won her second Oscar. Her performance in the film is widely regarded as the best of her career. In 1967, she and Burton starred in a film adaptation of The Taming of the Shrew. This was her last really memorable role. She and Burton divorced in 1974, remarried in 1975, and divorced again in 1976. After 1980, she largely switched to television. Her last theatrical film role was in The Flintstones in 1994; her final live-action role was in the Made-for-TV Movie These Old Broads in 2001.note From the '80s, she devoted much time to AIDS-related charities, after her friend and co-star, Rock Hudson died of the disease.Her personal life attracted much attention. Apart from her marriages to Burton, she was married six other times: to hotel heir Conrad "Nicky" Hilton (1950-1951), actor Michael Wilding (1952-1957), producer Mike Todd (1957-1958, he died in a plane crash), singer Eddie Fisher (1959-1964 - for added bonus, he was previously married to Debbie Reynolds), U.S. Senator John Warner (1976-1982) and construction worker Larry Fortensky (1991-1996).She was a close friend of the late Michael Jackson.She died on 23 March, 2011 from congestive heart failure.
- Jane Eyre (1943)
- Lassie Come Home (1943)
- National Velvet (1944)
- Little Women (1949)
- Father of the Bride (1950)
- A Place in the Sun (1951)
- Ivanhoe (1952)
- Giant (1956)
- Cat on a Hot Tin Roof (1958)
- Suddenly, Last Summer (1959)
- Cleopatra (1963)
- Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf? (1966)
- The Taming of the Shrew (1967)
- The Blue Bird (1976)
- The Flintstones (1994)
This actress' work and media appereance provided examples of:
- '50s Hair: Along with Marilyn Monroe, she is a prominent reference for the standard '50s do for women.
- Age Lift: Was about ten years older than the actual Cleopatra at the beginning of the movie (which encompasses 18 years).
- Former Child Star: Aversion: she was famous as a child actress, but even more famous as an adult.
- Pretty in Mink: Has worn furs in her films, and some DVD collections of her films use a picture of her in a red dress with a white fox wrap.
- Special Guest: In The Simpsons episode, "Lisa's First Word", where she had just one line, but an important one; Maggie's first (and for a long time, only) word. "Daddy...". She also appeared in "Krusty Gets Kancelled" as one of the many celebrities invited to appear on Krusty's comeback special. She declines, though she regrets her decision when the show is a success.
- What Beautiful Eyes!: Her eyes were a vivid dark blue, almost violet. It became her signature physical characteristic in media, due to the rarity of violet as an eye color. She also had a medical condition, entropion, which caused a double set of eyelashes, which contributed even more to her remarkable eyes.