Ted Woolsey was the primary translator for most of Square's Super Nintendo Entertainment System
from 1991-1996. He is a polarizing figure in the video game community, even today. Depending on whom you ask, Woolsey was either an iron-fisted dictator who was convinced that American gamers were morons
or a hard-pressed but nonetheless creative artisan who was the primary reason the scripts for these games weren't either rendered incomprehensible to Westerners
, translated literally with little regard for accuracy
, or, on the contrary, completely remolded to suit the audience
Either way, his impact was keenly felt. He frequently modified the scripts he was handed in order to render them more accessible for American release. Fans coined the term "Woolseyisms
" to refer to places where Woolsey had obviously been tinkering with the original Japanese script.
Here's the thing. Woolsey's changes? They actually worked
. Some of the lines were so well integrated into the collective consciousness of the game that they have been embraced
by the fandom instead of reviled. Though a good number of the script changes were probably unnecessary, many fans have come to the agreement that they don't hurt the final product; sometimes they even make it better. The script has diverged from the original — maybe wildly — and yet, it works anyway, just like a good localized translation should.
That's a Woolseyism: The Pragmatic Adaptation
's answer to a Cut-and-Paste Translation
. It can also apply to scene additions that weren't in the original source.
This sometimes leads to the strange effect that re-releases with more literal or accurate translations, whether they are purely literal or merely closer to the original while still being localized, can actually start wars
between fans of the Woolseyisms, the diehard purists, and the poor saps who only know one way to read the story and have no idea what's going on. Attempts to appease the first two groups have led more recent re-releases to reuse some of the more favorite lines.
Woolseyisms and well-made dubs overall are most likely to be found within translated seinen
anime, where even with the Animation Age Ghetto
, translators know better than to attempt to turn an adult program into a low-quality kids' show. Shōnen
anime, with their younger demographics, usually don't fare as well. Woolseyisms are also so common in Latin American dubs that many people actually prefer watching the Hispanic dub rather than the Japanese original.
.com lays bare the processes of Woolseyizing with their Production Diaries
. Some are about Woolseyizing, but others are about localization in general — marketing, website design, an so on. Atlus is currently considered the company that most does Woolseyisms to good effect, since their RPGs, being much more Japanese-flavored than other companies' series, require lots of re-interpretation and adaptation of idioms and concepts. In the process, characters are given attitudes and verbal patterns that make them distinctive and give them sometimes even more fleshed out personalities.
As a rule of thumb, the requirements for a Woolsey-like translations are good translators (of course), good script adapters (sometimes translators and adapters are the same person, sometimes they're not), a good communication with the developers/animators/filmmakers and, in the case of video games, a good localization testing team. The best way to get this requirements is either that the producing company and/or the publisher have their own localization department, or hiring a reliable outsourced translation company which is properly familiarized with the product.
Sometimes, things are considered Woolseyisms because of how drastically different languages can be, often resulting in a few things becoming Lost in Translation
if it's a direct translation, or something that doesn't exactly translate over period
. These include but are not limited to puns, regional dialects, accents, and shout outs
to pop culture. Subbed shows and manga usually get around these by putting a note on the side explaining what they're mentioning.
Compare Good Bad Translation
. Contrast They Changed It, Now It Sucks
, or Macekre
note that this trope is about script changes in translation that do not
change the actual story flow and only exist to ensure meaning is conveyed between cultures; the process of throwing a script out entirely and rewriting it nearly from scratch is a whole other trope and can of worms
Please note that this has nothing to do with Richard Woolsey from Stargate SG-1
and Stargate Atlantis
, or the comedy team Wheeler & Woolsey
See also Cultural Translation
Throw It In
is the more domestic variation.
Now divided into: