"I don't know! Isn't that brilliant? I love not knowing! Keeps me on me toes. It must be awful being a prophet, waking up every morning, 'Is it raining? Yes, it is. I said so.' Takes all the fun out of life."This episode was inspired by the very similar Big Finish Doctor Who episode "The Fires of Vulcan".
— The Doctor
The Doctor and Donna land in Ancient Rome, ready to have more fun than an amphora of monkeys.Except after some searching, they discover that they've landed in Pompeii, on Volcano Day, 24 hours before Mount Vesuvius erupts and Pompeii's streets get re-paved with lava. Donna immediately requests the Doctor's help to organize a mass evacuation and save everyone, but the Doctor claims to be unable to do anything about this: he doesn't say "You can't change history, not one line", but he is probably thinking it.So they go for the other secret Time Lord manoeuvre: running away, much to Donna's frustration. Unfortunately, the TARDIS is missing; while they were walking around, a street merchant seized it (justified, as it was parked on his market's place) and sold it to Caecilius, a local marble merchant (played by Peter Capaldi) with a dysfunctional family (a hungover son and an oracle daughter) AND a taste for avant-garde art. It's not the first time the TARDIS has been mistaken for an art installation.Caecilius is then attacked by a massive magma-thing (which is stopped by a bucket of water) and it is revealed that the volcano fumes inhaled by his oracle daughter to boost her visions are slowly turning her into stone. Also, a local prophet claims that there's something on Donna's back. This will be important later. And he says that a planet has apparently gone missing. This will be very important later. Meanwhile, Caecilius has a freaking computer circuit made of stone, so the Doctor decides to stick around a bit longer.The Doctor confronts the oracles (with a Walther P38 water pistol) and finds out why someone ordered a load of marble power-converters.The Doctor finds out that Vesuvius isn't going to erupt if he just leaves; he needs to make it erupt. If Pompeii doesn't erupt, then since the alien menace of the week hasn't been destroyed, a race of lava golems will turn humans into more golems, boil the ocean and conquer the world. Donna realises for the first time that travelling with the Doctor can be very morally disturbing. They make the volcano erupt, both fully expecting to die, but it turns out the explosion device was inside an escape pod. Donna convinces the Doctor to go back and save Caecilius and his family. Because not everyone is an über-depressed near-suicidal Time Lord, and sometimes the Doctor forgets that. Six months later, Caecilius and his family have their lives back on track, the daughter is finally socialising like a (in our time, anyway) normal teenager, and that wastrel son is making good of himself, studying to be a doctor (not that kind). And their new house gods altar, with a box flanked by this man and this woman, look suspiciously familiar...
The casting for this episode turned out to be quite auspicious. Phil Davis ("Lucius") would play the first antagonist in Sherlock (a series run by the same show runners as Doctor Who); Tracey Childs ("Metella") had previously appeared as Dr. Elizabeth Klein in Big Finish Doctor Who, who would go on to become a regular Big Finish companion; Karen Gillan (Soothsayer scout) would return as Amy Pond, one of the two longest-serving companions of the new series; and Peter Capaldi ("Caecilius") would have a supporting role in Torchwood: Children of Earth and later take the helm of the show as the Twelfth Doctor himself, the episode "The Girl Who Died" featuring a call back to this episode as the reason Twelve has Caecilius's face.
- Accidental Art: Played for Laughs, as Caecilius is sold the TARDIS as a work of modern art. His wife calls it a "great waste of space", not knowing that the TARDIS is Bigger on the Inside. Capaldi then went on to become the latest resident of the TARDIS...
- A God Am I: It's a inverted trope here. The new "household gods" of the Caecilius household are The Doctor, Donna and the TARDIS. None of those three believe themselves to be gods.
- Ancient Rome: Sort of; we do get there eventually.
- Arc Words: Medusa Cascade, Shadow Proclamation, something on Donna's back.
- Been There, Shaped History: The Doctor is quick to deny that he had anything to do with the Great Fire of Rome, and was in fact responsible for the eruption of Mount Vesuvius (as the alternative would be letting the Pyroviles Take Over the World).
- Big "NO!": Lucius Petrus Dextrus and the High Priestess when their Evil Plan is foiled. Both do it twice.
- Brick Joke: At the start of the episode, The Doctor says that Latin doesn't have a word for "volcano" and it won't until tomorrow. One day later, Caecillius coins the word from the great god Vulcan.
- Call Back:
- The Doctor's mention of "Volcano Day" refers to a comment by Jack Harkness in "The Doctor Dances", who mentioned using Pompeii several times to pull cons where he'd sell alien ships or technology, only for the eruption to wipe away the evidence before his mark's realised that he'd actually sold them bits of old junk.
- The Doctor mentioning that he had nothing to do with Rome burning.
- City of Weirdos: The Doctor assures Donna they won't stand out, as ancient Rome is "like Soho, but bigger." It still applies after it turns out they're in Pompeii.
- Climactic Volcano Backdrop: Inside Vesuvius, no less.
- Come with Me If You Want to Live: The Doctor does this at the end for Evelina's family, although he doesn't say the "if you want to live" part.
- Continuity Nod:
- Convection Schmonvection: Justified; most of the heat is being taken by the Pyroviles.
- Crazy Awesome: "You fought her off with a water pistol! I BLOODY LOVE YOU!"
- Creator In-Joke: Latin students everywhere stand a chance of recognising Caecilius, Quintis, and Metella. They feature in the Cambridge Latin Course, a widely used Latin textbook series.
- The Cretaceous Is Always Doomed: There's no saving Pompeii. It's a fixed point in history.
- Deadpan Snarker: The Doctor, when Donna is about to be sacrificed.Priestess: This prattling voice will cease forever.
The Doctor: Oh, that'll be the day.
- Establishing Character Moment: Donna sharing the burden with the Doctor of having to cause Vesuvius's eruption, and later pleading with him to save just one family. It's not hard to see why the Doctor became such good friends with her.
- Fainting Seer: The daughter, who faints after telling the Doctor that he is a "Lord of Time".
- Foreshadowing: "The explosion was so powerful it cracked open a rift in time."
- Happily Married: Caecillius and Metella look like a modern stereotype; bickering about household furniture, raising children, he can't find a pin because she's polishing it, and sticking together in tragic times.
- Historical-Domain Character: In reality, Lucius Caecilius Iucundus was a Roman banker who lived in Pompeii at the time of the 62 AD earthquake, during which he most likely died. He's most well known to modern audiences due to being fictionalised by the Cambridge Latin Course, in which he survived the earlier quake to perish during the Vesuvius eruption, seventeen years later.
- I Am Spartacus: Says the Doctor. "And so am I." Says Donna
- I'm Mr. Future Pop Culture Reference:
- With bonus I Am Spartacus joke included absolutely free.
- 2000 years later, the English language itself still frequently throws Latin into everyday conversation.
- Keep It Foreign: The TARDIS's telepathic field translates Latin phrases in Celtic phrases, and English into Latin.
- Kill It with Water: Or a Walther P38 water pistol.
- Living Lie Detector: Both augers/soothsayers visibly unnerve the Doctor and Donna by seeing right through their stories and made-up identities and telling them things about them they couldn't have possibly known.Lucius: Is that so? Man from Gallifrey. And you, daughter of... London!
Evalina: And you, you call yourself Noble... You are a lord sir, a lord of time.
- Mass "Oh, Crap!": The Pompeiians, Herculaneans, and Stabiaeans have one.
- Meaningful Name: Lucius Petrus Dextrus (literally translating to Lucius Stone Right Arm!). These were all deliberate — Russell T Davies was channelling Astérix and asked James Moran to put them in.
- Mistaken for Exhibit: Not only is the TARDIS mistaken for a modern art installation, but an enterprising street trader has sold it to a wealthy marble merchant, kicking off the plot. It's meant to be Played for Laughs.
- Mistaken for Special Guest: Not addressed in the episode, but there's a subtle indication that Donna is seen as someone of high status, when the soothsayers note her true name is "Noble" and that throughout this episode she wears purple, which was seen at the time to indicate wealth and status.
- Oh Crap!: The Doctor is initially unimpressed (and slightly amused) by the supposed prophets. Then Lucius addresses him as "Man from Gallifrey", which clearly alarms him.
- Outrun the Fireball: In this case, the volcanic explosion.
- Pity the Kidnapper: The priestesses abduct Donna while the Doctor's back is turned. When he shows up at their temple, neither he or Donna are very concerned about the situation. Note that Donna was about to be killed (mainly for blasphemy, but also for being... well, Donna.)
- Prescience Is Predictable: "...It must be awful being a prophet, waking up every morning, 'Is it raining? Yes, it is. I said so.' Takes all the fun out of life."''
- Prophecy Twist: The Doctor says Pompeii's destruction is "a fixed point" that he can't prevent, even though thousands will die. As it turns out, he has to make Vesuvius erupt to save the world.
- Psychic Powers: The Sibylline sisterhood have them as a side-effect of the Pyroviles' presence. To be specific, the humans had the powers already but they were dormant. The Pyroviles activated them.
- Punny Name: The producers must have had a lot of fun inserting any Ancient Rome puns they could, like Lucius Petrus Dextrus, Donna asking Evelina if she's been to TK Maxximus, and an obligatory I Am Spartacus joke.
- Running Gag: Because of the TARDIS, Donna (and we) hear the Romans' Latin as English, so if you speak to them in Latin it's translated into Celtic. When the Doctor and Quintus are cornered by Lucius Petrus Dextrus and his men, the Doctor mutters, "morituri te salutant" ("those who are about to die salute you") and Lucius Petrus Dextrus says, "Celtic prayers won't help you now."
- Sadistic Choice: Save Pompeii and let the Pyroviles convert everyone or save the world and let Pompeii be buried.
- The Punny Name Running Gag is a reference to Astérix
- To Fawlty Towers when the Doctor explains away some of Donna's remarks with "she's from... Barcelona."
- The scene of Caecilius's family rushing to their positions during the pre-eruption earthquakes could be one of the Admiral Boom scenes in Mary Poppins.
- Caecilius, Metella and Quintus come from Cambridge Latin Course, the most popular Latin textbook in the UK and US (not Evelina, though — she was created especially for the episode).
- The Doctor drops a reference to the upcoming 1906 San Francisco earthquake. Caecilius assumes "San Francisco" is the name of a new restaurant in Naples.
- Spiritual Successor: To "The Myth Makers". The scene in which Caecilius introduces the TARDIS to his wife is even a loving homage to an almost identical dialogue between Paris and Cassandra.
- Taken for Granite: A side-effect of the Pyroviles taking over their human hosts is stone limbs.
- Take Over the World: The Pyroviles' plan to emulate Rome by taking over the entire known world.
- Translator Microbes: Explored - when the Doctor tells Donna about the translation field, she wonders what happens if she intentionally speaks Latin.
- Watching Troy Burn: The Doctor gives Evelina's family a front row seat to watch Pompei's funeral pyre.
- Weaksauce Weakness: A giant, badass-looking alien warrior made of magma and rock... and a bucket of water takes it down instantly. The Doctor later uses this to his advantage by arming himself with a water pistol.
- "Where Are They Now?" Epilogue: The family Donna and The Doctor saved re-establish themselves in Rome. Marble business continues, Evelina is wearing a short skirt that's the latest fasionn, and her brother is training to be a doctor.
- What Have We Ear?: The Doctor does this to Quintus to bribe him into taking him to Lucius Petrus Dextrus's house.
- The X of Y: "The Fires Of Pompeii"
- You Have Got to Be Kidding Me!: Donna's rather atypical response to being turned into a very typical altar sacrifice. Well, almost.
- You Have to Believe Me: The Doctor tries to discourage Donna from warning people about Vesuvius erupting, saying she'll be dismissed as a mad soothsayer. When it does erupt, she tries to scream to people not to go to the beach (where the ash cloud will still be lethal), but no one listens to her.