Real Event, Fictional Cause

This trope is when a real-life historical event is revealed to have a fictional cause behind it in a work. This can be due to a case of Been There, Shaped History in some cases.

This may be done to lend a darker context to tragic historical events.

Compare Beethoven Was an Alien Spy (with real people instead of events), Been There, Shaped History and Historical In-Joke (which can overlap). Also compare Fictionalized Death Account, and also We Didn't Start the Führer and Demon King Nobunaga for when this is combined with a Historical Villain Upgrade. Related to Famously Mundane, Fictionally Magical, where a Real Life object has greater significance in fiction.

A supertrope to The Tunguska Event, Phlebotinum Killed the Dinosaurs, Who Shot JFK?, Alternate Landmark History and Historical Rap Sheet (when an In-Universe Big Bad is mentioned to have caused, or at least been part of, some historical atrocity or disaster).

Examples

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     Anime and Manga 
  • Rurouni Kenshin does this with the assassination of Okubo Toshimichi. In real life, Okubo was assassinated by a group of samurai unhappy with his rapid modernization/westernization and abolition of the privileges the samurai had enjoyed. In the story, Social Darwinist Shishio has his dragon assassinate Okubo as a step to weaken Japan and make it easy for Shishio to take over the country, and the samurai find Okubo's body afterward and claim credit for the deed.
  • In Neon Genesis Evangelion, the Giant Impact (also known as "First Impact" in-universe) is stated to have been the result of Lilith's starfaring vessel, the Black Moon, crashing into primordial Earth about 4 billion years ago, with said vessel's rocky exterior separating from the vessel and coalescing into the Moon; as for the real-life explanation, it's a cover-up story by Seele in-universe.

     Films — Live-Action 
  • In Abraham Lincoln: Vampire Hunter, the American Civil War was caused partly because the vampires want to support the Confederacy's racism policy against the black people, as the vampires feed from those people. The war also has vampires becoming the Confederacy's troops.
  • In Forrest Gump, the titular character is an Accidental Hero who routinely shapes history by being at exactly the right place at the precise time. Who discovered the Watergate burglary? Gump. Who sparked the T-shirt phrase "shit happens?" Gump. Who designed The '60s Smiley Face? Gump. If it's a critical juncture in American history, Forrest Gump went jogging through it.
  • According to Men in Black, the 1977 New York Blackout was caused by an alien releasing a Hyper-Destructive Bouncing Ball into the area as a prank.
  • According to Space Jam, Michael Jordan returned to the Chicago Bulls after saving the Looney Tunes from a horrible fate, because Charles Barkley, Muggsy Bogues, Shawn Bradley, Patrick Ewing and Larry Johnson believed he couldn't play the game any more.
    Podolak: Did you hear that, Michael? They think you can't play basketball any more.
    Jordan: Only one way to find out.
  • In Wonder Woman (2017), Diana hypothesizes that World War I is caused by Ares' influence on humanity. It's actually zig-zagged. Ares may have given humanity the means to destroy each other, but humans decided to go to war all on their own. That said, Ares actually was manipulating things in an attempt to lead towards World War II, but had no role in its actual occurrence, as he was long dead by then.
  • X-Men Film Series:
    • X-Men Origins: Wolverine has a fictionalised version of the Three Mile Island incident, in which the nuclear plant is actually a secret laboratory for mutant experimentation, and a fight between Wolverine, Sabretooth and Weapon XI caused one of the plant's cooling towers to collapse.
    • In X-Men: First Class, the Cuban Missile Crisis was instigated by Sebastian Shaw as part of his plan to have mutantkind become widespread from the nuclear fallout and dominate over humans.

     Literature 
  • In The Dresden Files, Ebenezer McCoy has claimed responsibility for not only Tunguska, but also the New Madrid earthquake of 1812 and Krakatoa.
  • In The Pendragon Adventure book The Never War, the Hindenburg disaster was the result of a mobster igniting it with a firework to destroy his rival's fortune, which was secretly on board.
  • In the first Percy Jackson and the Olympians novel, it's revealed that World War II was basically a case of the children of Zeus and Poseidon (part of the Allies) fighting against the children of Hades (part of the Axis). This was actually the reason that Zeus, Poseidon and Hades agreed not to have any more children, as they were too powerful. Zeus and Poseidon violated their agreement, however.
    • The Heroes of Olympus indicates that the Civil War was caused by Roman and Greek Demigods fighting for supremacy. Most Romans were on the side of the South, and most Greeks on the side of the Union, but not all in either case, in line with that war being "brother against brother".
  • Serpent (part of the Kurt Austin Adventures) opens with the sinking of the Andrea Doria. In this version, the sinking was deliberate on the part of the Stockholm's helmsman. It isn't explained why until later.
  • A Net Of Dawn And Bones has several catastrophes as being the result of a sorcerer managing to complete a Demongate. The Great Fire of London and the 1692 Jamaican Earthquake were both the result of Demongates opening while being opposed. The 1257 Mount Rinjani explosion was the last Demongate to open unopposed, and while it was later sealed by Heroic Sacrifice it still released enough curses to cause the catastrophes that occurred in the next few centuries, including the Black Death.

     Live-Action TV 

     Tabletop Games 
  • Alternity campaign setting Dark*Matter core rules. When a Grey spaceship on Earth was close to being discovered by humans, its commander followed standard procedure and re-directed a comet to impact and destroy the landing site. He made a mistake, and the result was The Tunguska Event.
  • In Call of Cthulhu, The Tunguska Event was caused by Azathoth (one of the Cthulhu Mythos deities) being summoned to Earth.

     Video Games 
  • Assassin's Creed:
  • According to Empire Earth II, the Cold War really ended when the U.S. stole the stealth bomber the Soviets had developed and used it against them.
  • In Touhou, the failure of the Apollo 13 mission is caused by Lunarians who don't want Earthlings on the moon.
  • In the Watch_Dogs series, the 2003 blackout that took place in the Northeastern and Midwestern United States and the Canadian province on Ontario was due to a rogue hacker instead of a software bug found in the computers of FirstEnergy Corporation. This gave Blume Corp. the opportunity to provide ctOS with a safeguard against future incidents.

     Web Original 


http://tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pmwiki.php/Main/RealEventFictionalCause