"On a scale of one to ten, there is no number large enough."These are the big ones. These are the sea monsters whose size not only matches ships but dwarfs them. When these are introduced, all you'll see is an overhead shot of a small boat on top of a much larger shadow in the water — and "small boat" ranges from fishing ship to aircraft carrier. These beasts aren't just big, they're leviathan. They'll live in the deepest depths and their appearances are saved for the end of days when the world is to be shattered by their movements. If they're not Eldritch Abominations, they're the next best thing. There will be little shyness about their inspirations, they'll be unabashedly named after the Norse legend of Kraken or the biblical Leviathan. The Kraken tends to take the form of a tentacle-laced Giant Squid or octopus, while the Leviathan is more variable, ranging from a colossal whale to a massive sea serpent. However, since Our Monsters Are Different, the title of kraken or leviathan may be given to all kinds of terrors of the deep. The Leviathan in the Bible is often taken to be a view of a whale and is sometimes translated directly as whale. (Intriguingly the "big fish" that swallowed Jonah was often interpreted as a whale or leviathan but nowadays people are having a lot of fun with it as a Megalodon.) Indeed, the modern Hebrew word for whale is לויתן, or leviathan. Strangely, the actual biblical description of a leviathan suggests that it has legs and is able to move on land, and seems to refer to armour plates or scales (in fact, if one ignores the Word of Dante and the fire-breathing, it sounds quite like a crocodile). Kraken on the other hand are believed to be inspired by giant squid,note and when most people think of a kraken, they tend to imagine a a squid-like creature that is simply many times bigger than a real one. However, since actual Nautical Folklore says that the Kraken could be mistaken for an entire chain of islands, one can reasonably infer that it was imagined to be much bigger than most film depictions. Interestingly a common theme in sea monster stories is that of two contrasting sea beasts that are each other's mortal enemy and in real life sperm whale, the largest predatory whale and deepest diver, are believed to hunt giant squid. In video games, Kraken often have Cognizant Limbs, with their tentacles being considered separate from the body as enemies. If you were looking for the book by China Miéville, see Kraken.
open/close all folders
Anime & Manga
- In Digimon Xros Wars, Taiki unleashes Leviamon upon a Bagura Digimon.
- In Yu-Gi-Oh!, the mythological Leviathan of Atlantis seems to be a cross between a dragon and a sea serpent.
- In One Piece, the Straw Hat Crew discovers a gigantic kraken that feeds on ships that pass. Luffy, of course, has intentions of making it the Team Pet. And succeeds.
- Berserk has the Sea God, a massive, island-sized abomination that seems to be amalgamation of numerous sea creatures, including mollusks, slugs, sea cucumbers, and whatever humans it was able to assimilate.
- The Carta Marina depicts numerous 'pristers', which are whales "as big as mountains" and which can capsize a large ship just by surfacing from the water.
- As you might expect, both the Sub-Mariner and Aquaman have tangled with these types of creatures. For obvious reasons, they stand a much better chance than do the land-dwelling, air-breathing humans. And remember Aquaman, the so-called "lame" hero, can summon and control creatures like these...
- In The Cadanceverse, the ponies searching for the Elements must deal with one of these as they journey through the Everfree.
- The RWBY Fanfic Various Vytal Ventures features a Kraken in its opening chapter, which takes place at the beach. In the story its presented as an aquatic Grimm, no more dangerous than a Nevermore or a Deathstalker.
- One World: A Kraken attack is blamed for the disappearance and death of Bernard Gibbon and his squib partner. In reality, they are killed in a firefight with MI-5 Agent Kim Hunter.
- Romance and the Fate of Equestria: Evade identifies himself as a leviathan, though Soledad insists on calling him a Sharktopus. Either way, he’s the last one left.
- The Elements of Friendship: A Kraken is stated to have once threatened Aquastria before being driven off.
Films — Animated
- According to Atlantis: The Lost Empire, the Biblical Leviathan is actually a giant mechanical lobster that guards the entrance to Atlantis and looks nothing like the Biblical Leviathan. The Kraken was actually featured in the first act of the film's sequel.
- Ursula's One-Winged Angel form in The Little Mermaid.
- Sinbad: Legend of the Seven Seas features a leviathan which the crew mistake for an island, complete with vegetation. It isn't actually aggressive, and is actually quite useful, as they can use it to tow the ship where they need to go. This leviathan gets points for being one of the comparatively few depictions that actually is big enough to be reasonably mistaken for an island.
Films — Live-Action
- In Star Wars: The Phantom Menace, the Naboo ocean seems to be filled with monsters each getting bigger and bigger as you go deeper and considering the fact that the planet is meant to be hollow and full of ocean that gets you some pretty big fish. The biggest — the Sando Aqua Monsters — are in a class of their own: their official description puts them at between 160 and 200 meters long, meaning their maximum size is over six times a blue whale's thirty meters. Also the oceans of Kamino. Ah hell, any planet with an ocean in the Galaxy Far Far Away is bound to have sea monsters in it.
- Word of God states that the creature from Cloverfield is a sea monster and not an alien like some believe (the 'falling object' was a satellite that awoke the creature, not the creature itself). Though said creator seems to have taken on the anger of the co-Gods by saying as such, since the others went with the alien explanation, or at the very least wanted viewers to make up their own truths.
- The Kraken from the Pirates of the Caribbean series gets bonus obfuscation points for being called "Davy Jones' Leviathan" once. Maybe they just meant leviathan as in "really big thing". The Pirates visual dictionary actually contains a picture of the entire Kraken rather than just its tentacles, and it seems to combine both monsters. Imagine either a whale with tentacles where its head should be, or a squid with a head long enough to act as a tail. Sort of like an inverted Sharktopus.
- Most people know of the Kraken thanks to Clash of the Titans. Never mind what a Scandinavian creature was doing in Ancient Greece. Not to mention that it is... you know... nothing resembling a squid that pretends to be an island. According to the director's commentary, they didn't even know about the Kraken's mythological origins and attributed its creation to the poem by Tennyson that most people these days have never heard of. In Ray Harryhausen's book, The Art of Ray Harryhausen, he claims that the writer, at least, did know enough about the Kraken to know that it wasn't from Greek mythology, but put it in anyway because the name sounded so cool. The thing from Clash was supposed to be Cetus/Ketos, the sea monster that Princess Andromeda was supposed to be sacrificed to, but they changed its name for no clear reason.
- Deep Rising has a gigantic, killer mollusc attacking a cruise ship.
- While called "kaiju" (the term for Godzilla and other strange, gigantic monsters in Japanese film), most of the monsters in Pacific Rim are closer to this tropic thematically, often modeled on aquatic animals. The biggest and scariest, for instance, has tentacles and the head of a hammerhead shark.
- In the script for the first attempt at an American Godzilla, the parallels between Godzilla and the biblical description of the Leviathan are lampshaded heavily.
- Eva Ibbotson is quite fond of the giant kraken. In Which Witch?, one witch chooses to summon the kraken as her task in the evilness competition that is to determine who gets to marry the dark wizard Arriman. It works, sort of. Turns out the mommy was killed by a ship, and the little one, that's only as big as a handbag needs a babysitter. In Island of the Aunts, the big one makes an appearance, but there's a little one, too. The little one likes cookies and is quite adorable.
- The mollusc-like, world-ending Cthulhu from H.P. Lovecraft's Cthulhu Mythos may count, as it is imprisoned in the ocean on Earth, but originally came from space...
- The sixth Artemis Fowl book features a kraken. It's actually a peaceful bivalve creature that lives off of microorganisms and krill filtered out of seawater (just like a blue whale in fact). You still don't want to be on top of it when it sheds its skin, though...
- Codex Alera has its own leviathans, something like enormous turtles with no shells. Word of God is they're descended from plesiosaurs, and the smallest ones are forty feet long. The larger ones... well, they're probably the single greatest threat to oceangoing ships. Alerans have to use watercrafting to get around them, and the Canim maintain elaborate maps of their territories to avoid making them angry by sailing in too close.
- In the Scott Westerfeld Leviathan trilogy, the eponymous beast is actually a airship, that looks sort like the biggest whale you'll ever see. In the next book, the Behemoth (who is supposed to be a land creature) actually lives in the sea. Its picture puts it up with Lovecraft's beasties. Also there are the normal British navies' Kraken, which are massive squid/octopus monsters that can pull a weakened ironclad under given time.
- Taylor Anderson's Destroyermen series has World War II warships fall into an Alternate Universe where the Cretaceous extinction event didn't happen. Among the sea creatures in this world is the "mountain fish" (apparently actually a whale), so big it can wreck a steamship — by biting it. At one point, it's stated that the locals' massive city-ships known as "Homes" are almost as big as mountain fish — and a Home is the size of an Essex-class aircraft carrier.
- For bonus points, the sailors of the Empire of New Britain actually call the beast the Leviathan, likely referring to the Biblical one.
- The final book of the Illuminatus! Trilogy, Leviathan, has the main characters coming face-to-um...something with the eponymous sea-monster, a titanic single-celled organism that's survived and grown since the Paleozoic Era.
- The Enterprise fish from The War Against the Chtorr, part of the ecological Alien Invasion. These massive fish roam the oceans eating everything natural or man-made to fuel their constant hunger and enormous growth. Immune to Bullets thanks to their massive layers of blubber, the only way to destroy them is with a low-yield atomic torpedo. A short story about the Enterprise Fish reveals that their huge size is explained by them being a colony of creatures. When they get too large, the host 'fish' dies and breaks apart into smaller creatures.
- Steve Alten writes a lot of books with these; his novel Meg was about a Megalodon (sixty foot prehistoric shark) that makes it to the surface after surviving down in the Marinara Trench. Hilarity Ensues. It suffered from some sequelitis though. His more recent novel The Loch deals with, of course, the Loch Ness Monster. In a twist however, Nessie isn't a peaceful plesiosaur but a giant eel with a taste for tourists.
- The Leviathan makes an appearance during The End of the World as We Know It in Good Omens. Since this particular apocalypse has all the Biblical imagery being filtered through a boy who has recently overdosed on Green Aesops, its immediate action is to attack a Japanese whaling ship.
The Kraken stirred. And ten million sushi dinners cried out for vengeance.
- The giant shark from The Adventures of Pinocchio, which was turned into a giant whale by Disney's Pinocchio (and thus, the 'big fish' from The Bible's Book of Jonah that inspired it).
- Invoked with the title character of Moby-Dick. Although Starbuck insists that he's actually just a particularly large and aggressive whale that should probably be left alone, Ahab — and, increasingly, Ishmael — see the whale as some kind of ineffable Eldritch Abomination — the personification of fate itself, God, Satan, or a combination of all three. Also, among the many, many epigraphs of the book, are quotations from the Bible in reference to Leviathan and the thing that swallowed Jonah, because Leviathan, Moby-Dick the whale, and Moby-Dick the book are all utterly impossible to fully comprehend.
- Drowned Wednesday from the Keys to the Kingdom series was cursed to turn into a massive, omniphagic whale.
- Father from The Ellimist Chronicles, a sponge-like creature big enough to cover an entire planet.
- J. R. R. Tolkien's "Fastitocalon" in The Adventures of Tom Bombadil.
- Shimmer, the dragon protagonist from Laurence Yep's Dragon Series gets into a fight with a raiding party of krakens.
- Although we haven't seen any big sea monsters on the Discworld itself, there are mentions of the Midgard Serpent from Norse Mythology circling other flat worlds in The Colour of Magic and Equal Rites.
- In The Voyage of the Dawn Treader, the eponymous ship is attacked by a large sea serpent, which almost manages to crush it in its coils.
- In Sennar's Mission a gargantuan sea monster similar to a kraken is met on the way to the Submerged World. Its hunting method consist in wait for ships and then make them slither on his body to the gaping mouth in the middle, using tentacles if necessary. However, the beast is never named.
- One of Larry Niven's Svetz the time traveler stories is Leviathan!, in which he is sent back in time to catch a whale, but the first "whale" he latches onto with his tractor beam is just too big to bring back — as it's the Biblical Leviathan, not a whale at all. After realizing that actual whales would have to exist to feed a predator that massive — so much of the knowledge of the past is lost in his world that they only have vague descriptions of animals that may once have existed — he brings one back: Moby Dick, just after he sank the Pequod.
- In the first book of The Immortals, during the attack on Pirate's Swoop, Daine tries to convince a pod of whales to attack the Carthaki backed pirate fleet. When they refuse and leave, Daine sends her awareness far out after them, and wakes the Kraken. He's more than happy to destroy any fleet she wants. She knows full well it's a deal with a demon, but she's desperate and agrees to his offer. He's described as an octopus with too many arms that are a mile long each, with a body that's a mile and a half. He's also fast: Daine found him out past the Copper Isles, a four day sail. He made it to Pirate's Swoop in the space of a morning.
- The avanc in China Miéville's The Scar, a vaguely described creature from an extradimensional sea large and powerful enough to pull a waterborne city.
- Prince Roger: Large aggressive fish make ocean travel a near-impossibility on the planet Marduk.
- In The Book of the New Sun, Erebus and Abaia are unseen aquatic antagonists who are said to be the size of mountains. Mankind's continued existence is apparently due to them counting only enslavement, rather than destruction, as a victory.
- Further, Severian reads a Future Imperfect story in which the legend of the Minotaur is conflated with the USS Monitor, the ironclad battleship supposedly being the armored head and shoulders of an aquatic monster.
- In A Song of Ice and Fire the Greyjoy family uses a Kraken as their house symbol. As yet no actual Krakens have been seen in the series, but rumours are beginning to surface that they are appearing.
- On Safehold Krakens are megalodon-sized beasts that look like sharks with tentacles along the body (they can be extended forward to catch a pray); one character from Earth describes them as "creature that looked as if fish performed an unspeakable act on octopus". Then there are sea dragons, beasts the size of blue whales (they have the same position in Safehold's ecosystem as blue whales on Earth) and finally doomwhales that sink ships by swimming too close and feed on sea dragons. They don't eat humans, though... mainly because humans are too small for them to notice.
- Kraken are part of the novel The Blue World and short story "The Gift of Gab" by Jack Vance. In the latter, they are mostly man-sized squid called "dekapods", but there is something larger that is only glimpsed as a prehensile tentacle.
- In Terry Brooks' Wishsong of Shannara, a truly massive Kraken is summoned by the villains to help destroy a Dwarven Fortress Dam to accelerate the spreading of the evil taint.
- One episode of Jurassic Fight Club featured a battle between a Megalodon shark (see above) and its more recently-discovered contemporary, the "biting sperm whale".
- Beast Legends did an episode featuring a digitally animated kraken incorporating the nastiest features of the Giant Octopus, Giant Squid and Colossal Squid, scaled up to 200ft long from the tip of its head to outstretch tentacles, which take up half the body length them selves.
- If we go with the Farscape view that Space Is an Ocean, Moya's species of giant living ships called "Leviathans" count as examples of this trope.
- The budongs that are encountered twice in the series (once dead, and the other alive) fit this trope much more literally, being sea monsters in space. They usually eat rocks and ice, but they're also notorious for eating ships like candy; fortunately, finding a live one is pretty rare.
- The Leviathans on Supernatural are not giant sea creatures, but rather are perfectly capable of living on land and while they are seldom seen in their true form, there's no sign that this true form is any bigger than the human disguises they use. But there are good mythological reasons for calling them by the name "Leviathan": Their backstory is related to biblical mythology; they are Eldritch Abominations that are all about having a predatory appetite; and when their true form is shown, the view isn't very clear, but it definitely has More Teeth than the Osmond Family.
- Giant squid-monsters appear several times on Good Eats. One attacks a boat that Alton (and a marine biologist who is studying squid) are on.
Mythology and Religion
- The "Leviathan" is described in the Book of Job (Ch. 41, all of it) in the Old Testament of The Bible, and referenced elsewhere. Unlike most sea creatures, the Leviathan has an affinity for fire or something reasonably similar. Job 41:8 ("Lay thine hand upon him, remember the battle, do no more.") seems to either indicate a reasonably high encounter survival rate, considering that this creature is essentially a seagoing dragon, or a very low one ("do no more" as in dead). The usual naturalistic interpretation is a Nile crocodile, which fits everything but the fire breathing. References to Leviathan elsewhere in the Bible give a completely different description; a monstrous serpent with multiple heads.
- Leviathan represents the sin of Envy. "Envy lurks in the hearts of men, as Leviathan lurks beneath calm waters."
- In some writings, it is said that there were originally two Leviathans, a male and a female, but when their mating threatened to fill the world with monsters God destroyed the female.
- Job also makes reference to something called a Behemoth, which has similarly entered the lexicon as a catch-all term for "crazy-great-big-thing". It's thought to be a hippo, or maybe an elephant, or perhaps even some dinosaur bones the Israelites found.
- Also, the great fish that ate Jonah. In the Midrash there's a legend or myth that states that the giant fish which swallowed Jonah narrowly avoids being eaten by Leviathan.
- In Egyptian Mythology, Apep was a colossal serpent that stalked the ancient Egyptian underworld, hoping to devour the sun god. According to The Other Wiki one of his nicknames was "World Encircler", making him similar to Jormungandr of Norse Mythology.
- Greek Mythology has several large marine creatures. They were typically sent by the sea-nymphs and sea deities to ravage land-dwelling kings or queens who offended them, and the royals tried to appease the monsters by sacrificing their beautiful daughters, which the heroes then had to rescue. One particularly worthy of mention being Cetus, the monster who was slain by Perseus. It is very obvious that Cetus was what the Kraken was meant to be in Clash of the Titans, but they opted for the creature of the Norse myths instead.
- There's also Scylla and Charybdis from The Odyssey. Scylla was a six headed, snake necked creature that sat atop a cliff and snatched sailors from passing ships. The reason they didn't just sail around was because of the creature opposite the cliff, her cousin/aunt, Charbydis. Charybdis was a giant mouth under water. Every time she opened her mouth, a whirlpool formed to suck everything down. The original rock and hard place, or alternatively, "devil and the deep blue sea."
- Another example was the sea serpent Heracles fought when he promised to rescue King Laomedon's daughter Hesione in exchange for a pair of magic horses. Heracles eventually killed the monster by letting it swallow him and then cutting his way out from the inside with his sword, but Laomedon tried to cheat him by refusing to give him Hesione and the promised treasure. Pissing off the Hot-Blooded Heracles was never a bright idea, and in this case Heracles exacted his vengeance by invading and looting Troy, killing the king and all his sons.
- Another example would be the unspecified sea monster sent by Poseidon to help the Greeks in the Trojan War; too bad for Odysseus he forgot to give Poseidon props for that when it was over.
- The best example to be found in this mythology would probably be the sea-monster gods Phorcys and Keto, children of Gaea and Pontus, the Ocean. The spawn of Phorcys and Keto included Echidna, the alleged "Mother of Monsters," the Gorgons, Scylla, the Graea, the sea nymphs, and everything else scary about the sea that wasn't one of Poseidon's offspring.
- Jormungandr the World Serpent of Norse Mythology is also under the sea, long enough to wrap around the world, some legends say twice.
- Norwegian and Icelandic sailor's lore of the 13th century knows of a sea-monster called Hafgufa ("sea-steam"), a gigantic creature of unclear shape living in the Greenland Sea. Hafgufa is the biggest creature in the sea, rises and sinks at fixed intervals, and while it stays at the surface, it looks like an island or a rock. This profile suggests Hafgufa is the same creature afterwards better known the Kraken.
- According to the Norwegian King's Mirror (a "popular science" encyclopedia from c. 1250), Hafgufa is always seen in the same two places, suggesting there are only two of its species and that they are infertile, for otherwise there should be much more of them. Hafgufa feeds by belching, which expels so much food that all nearby fish gather into its mouth, then swallowing all the fish down in one gulp.
- In the Icelandic Saga of Arrow-Odd: Sailing past Greenland in search for his archenemy Ogmund Tussock, Arrow-Odd spots two rocks raising themselves up out from the sea, which puzzles Odd. Piloted by Vignir, the ships pass right between the rocks. When they look back later at the day, the rocks have vanished, which baffles Odd even more. Vignir then explains that the rocks were the jaws of Hafgufa, and that they have sailed right through the open maw of the monster. Vignir knew this was not dangerous because Hafgufa had just surfaced and always stays at the surface for at least one tide, even though Ogmund Tussock had summoned the creature by witchcraft to swallow Odd.
- And then, of course, there's the Kraken. found in medieval Scandinavian, especially Norwegian Nautical Folklore (it is not yet found in Norse Mythology). It's generally described as a giant cephalopod that literally drags ships under the sea.
- "Belly of the Whale" by Burning Sensations. The video shows the band and others partying in a set that's loosely modeled on a giant whale's mouth, complete with a water-slide entrance.
- Mastodon's second album, Leviathan, particularly the song "Megalodon".
- Alestorm, a Scottish Pirate Metal band, has a song called (and glorifying) "The Leviathan" on their album Black Sails At Midnight.
- From the same band, "Death Throes of the Terrorsquid" is the sequel to "Leviathan", about the crew seeking vengeance for their defeat at the hands of the beast, and not only taking it on, but sending it straight to hell. The beast is referred to as 300 nautical miles long.
- Revocation has "Leviathan Awaits"; here, the eponymous creature seems to be a borderline Eldritch Abomination with thousands of eyes, enormous barbed tentacles, and a gigantic, fanged maw. It also devours the research sub that decided to go poking around its domain with insulting ease.
- Steampunk band The Cog is Dead has a song titled To the Depths Below on their album, Steam-Powered Stories. It describes a large, mechanical beast referred to as a leviathan.
- Metallica's "The Thing That Should Not Be" is about a massive Eldritch Abomination living below the sea.
- The Lovecraft misquote in the lyrics("not dead which eternal lie / stranger eons death may die") makes it pretty clear this is in fact Cthulhu.
- Technical Death Metal band Fleshgod Apocalypse makes an interesting take in their EP Mafia. They play a cover of a song by At the Gates, "Blinded By Fear", which is about an unnamed terror that "unleaashes purgatory and burns the face of the earth"; however, in the cover, after the song is over a sound of waves and ocean is heard, implying the terror is a sea creature. The fact that the cover for the EP features a huge octopus-like creature rising from the sea helps.◊
- Pirate folk band Vroudenspil have a song called Leviathan on their album "Fauler Zauber".
- Duel Masters features the Leviathans as one of their Water Civilization races.
- Many blue creatures from Magic: The Gathering, which includes Leviathans, Krakens, and other deep sea monsters. In the backstory, a demonic leviathan fought Nicol Bolas in what would be the very first Planeswalker duel. Millenia later, Nicol Bolas still savors that victory and visits the site of the battle on occasion to bask in the memories.
- Generally speaking, Leviathans are massive whale- and serpent-like creatures, and not always limited to the water — nearly a third of printed leviathan creatures are airborne. Krakens, by contrast, are much more varied in appearance, generally being based on cephalopods but often blending in crustacean and vertebrate limbs and body plans.
- Kiora is probably the most pro-kraken/leviathan planeswalker currently active. She's looking for sea monsters powerful enough to throw down with the Eldrazi, and given that her ultimate produces kraken tokens large enough to throw down with a Hand of Emrakul and win, it's probably only a matter of time.
- Outside of the actual Kraken and Leviathan creature types, there are creatures like absolutely gigantic whales and the legendary octopus Lorthos, the Tidemaker, a monster from Zendikar and incidentally the beast summoned by Kiora to take down the Eldrazi titans. It didn't work. The titan Kozilek tore it half when they fought. Also, while most serpent creatures (mixes in various amounts of snakes and long-bodied fish) are fairly sedate in size, some are easily as big as true krakens and leviathans.
- In Rifts, the biggest Sea Monster is the Lord of the Deep, also referred to as both Kraken and Leviathan, a massive abomination resting at the bottom of the Marianas Trench with tentacles that can reach for thousands of miles.
- Dungeons & Dragons:
- The splatbook Elder Evils has the Leviathan, an immense world-spanning sea monster made out of pure chaos which was a side-effect of the creation of the world. It sleeps at the bottom of the ocean and will eventually fade away into nothingness, provided nobody wakes it up. Unfortunately, since this is Elder Evils we're talking about...
- Kraken and another Leviathan also appear in the various Monster Manuals, the former being a particularly Giant Squid with magical powers, the latter being a really, really big whale. Supposedly.
- Forgotten Realms got Leviathan — the superpowered whale working as Earthmother's divine minion for sea missions. She did never spawn avatars (until merging with Chauntea), such improved natural beasts were enough to deal with her problems.
- While it never appeared in the original novels, the Dragonlance modules based on the Chronicles trilogy give us the King of the Deep. The King of the Deep is a nightmarish sea monster with the body of a huge fish covered in silver hairs, the head of a giant squid, and a pair of long, deadly lobster claws, created when ten (or twelve in the updated third Edition version) of the corrupted priests of Istar offered themselves to the Queen of Darkness, who turned them into this monster.
- In Chaosium's Stormbringer supplement Demon Magic, the adventure "Sorcerer's Isle" had a Megalodon that could sink ships by biting through their hulls and a giant whale-like demon named Lvthn.
- Warhammer 40,000 has a few, though many are rather obscure to the majority of the fandom:
- The Space Wolf homeworld has a massive kraken (said to be a Tyranid offshoot) and sea serpents straight out of Norse myth, appropriate given the Space Wolves' Viking theme, and a sea monster is said to live on the planet Armageddon, where it attacked Ork ships. Given the nature of the setting, it's a safe bet that most world with any oceans have at least one.
- The chronologically second and third of the three major Tyranid Hive Fleets so far are named Kraken and Leviathan, respectively (the first being named Behemoth, incidentally). Hive Fleet Kraken lived up to its namesake, as it made it debut by extending itself into many "tendrils" across a vast swath of galactic space, allowing it to consume a great many more worlds than Behemoth did with its blunt "single monolithic mass" approach; it even allowed it to evade Behemoth's fate of total destruction by surviving through numerous splinter fleets. As for Leviathan, look closely at the image◊ with the Hive Fleet's tendrils approaching the galaxy from below the galactic plane; if Leviathan is the sea monster, then the Galaxy is the ship that it dwarfs with its size. And of course, these three fleets are just the vanguard of a larger Swarm that's predicted to arrive within a century of Leviathan's own arrival, i.e. within the first tenth of the 42nd millennium... assuming that the Time of Ending hasn't overtaken the Galaxy by then, that is.
- The Warhammer world has buckets of these, as detailed in the Seas of Blood supplement to the early 90s naval warfare spin-off Man o' War and the 2011 Pirate-themed spin-off Dreadfleet. Warhammer's giant sea monsters include the classic giant squid Kraken and the horrific Black Leviathan (a humongous deep-sea angler fish that could swallow small ships whole), as well as the Narwhal-like Behemoth, the giant crab Promethean the Sea Dragon, the giant merman Triton, the Sea Elemental and the giant shark Megalodon. Dreadfleet has its own zombie sea monsters — the Sea Giant, Bone Hydra and Leechwyrm — and even a ship made from the rotting undead carcass of an Orb Leviathan (possibly the same species as the Black Leviathan from Man o' War, maybe not). Finally smaller, but still huge, sea monsters are available from Forge World to use in land-based Warhammer armies in the shape of the Merwyrm and its variants.
- The New World of Darkness has the Leviathan as the Kerberos of the Ocean of Fragments. It dwarfs nearly everything else on this list, and pretty much qualifies for Eldritch Abomination status on size alone, even disregarding that it's an unstoppable force of nature that literally the entire human race has nightmares about. To give some idea of the scale, no-one has any idea what it actually looks like or what it is — it's so massive that the most anyone's ever seen of it is a vast, seemingly-infinite wall of flesh that gives no hints to its form. The best guess anyone has is that it's some sort of impossibly gigantic cephalopod, but that's just because it has tentacles.
- There's also a fan-brew game on RPG.net, Leviathan: The Tempest, which is all about playing the Fish People in human form descended from primordial gods of the ocean. They have the ability to assume ungodly large forms, but don't do it except for dire circumstances as it tends to rend the Masquerade in two and drives humans into a state of holy terror.
- The New World of Darkness Leviathan above is an Expy for Wraith: The Oblivion's Kraken, one of the largest and most mysterious of its Whistimmu. Indeed, unlike most Whistimmu, it didn't seem to truly dwell in the ocean-like storm of the Tempest, but to be able to reach into it from its true home somewhere else. As far as its physical description and power level, it's basically a dead ringer for the Leviathan.
- Exalted name drops the latter with Leviathan, a Lunar from the First Age who's spent the past few millennia stuck in his spirit shape as an orca, dwelling on his failure to protect his Solar mate, and serving as a god to/tormenting the inhabitants of a sunken city. Appropriately enough, he has a custom shapeshifting Knack that not only makes him gigantic, it allows him to serve as his own military force in mass combat.
- It also has a kraken, although said kraken is made of magma.
- The card/drinking game DrunkQuest has and ocean based expansion pack called the 90 Proof Seas. The toughest monster is, naturally, a Kraken.
- Monsters and Other Childish Things introduced the Leviathan in the supplement Bigger Bads. In this case, it's an Eldritch Abomination that takes the human form of businessman Levi A. Than, and plots to institute a new world order where the only surviving humans are its brainwashed slaves. In its true form, it resembles an absolutely gargantuan combination of parts from virtually every creature that's ever lived in the ocean.
- SeaWorld Orlando has the Kraken coaster, which is set in the Kraken's lair, where the Poseidon has locked it up.
- City of Heroes features Lusca, one of the biggest Giant Monster class enemies in the form of a colossal octopus that menaces Independence Port, and takes over a dozen players to systematically defeat. Oddly, the Kraken in that game is less aquatic, but you don't want to know about the Leviathan...
- The thing called Kraken is a giant alien from another dimension. During a mission in Cimerora you must fight off tentacles of the actual Kraken.
- Cap'n Krak'n Jumbo Seafood sign in Independence Port. Complete with octopus holding a spoon and fork and wearing a bib.
- EarthBound has the Kraken, who in this game is less squid and more sea serpent.
- Resistance 2 features the Kraken. It's actually kind of puny compared to some of these, but it's enormous and tentacley. It also features a creature called a Leviathan, but that one's more Kaiju than Giant Swimmer, despite living in the mostly-flooded Chicago.
- The Final Fantasy series has Leviathan as a recurring summon, and Kraken as a Fiend of Chaos who's shown up as a boss fight in a few titles.
- Leviathan functions as a "Fantastic Voyage" Plot Womb Level in Final Fantasy II.
- Final Fantasy III has the Nepto sea dragon, who roams the oceans of the Floating Continent. It functions as a Beef Gate preventing you from sailing out of the Bay of Nepto, and its rage can only be appeased by placing the gemstone Eye of Nepto in the Nepto Statue in the Nepto Temple. If the party tries to sail away regardless, the ensuing battle is unwinnable, and the party must run (if they can.)
- In Final Fantasy IV, Leviathan is a feared monster that swallows ships whole. When Cecil and his companions set sail from Fabul, Leviathan does just that, scattering the party and taking Rydia to his kingdom, the Land of Summoned Monsters, where the party can later fight him and his Queen, Asura, to earn the right to summon them.
- Final Fantasy V has an additional sea monster, the plesiosaur-like Syldra. She is Faris' pet sea dragon, who can carry the pirate ship on her back even when the destruction of the Wind Crystal keeps all other ships from sailing. Unfortunately, the boss monster Karlabos/Karl Boss drags her under, and Syldra is further weakened by saving the party from the sinking Walse Tower. In a Tear Jerking scene, Faris experiences a Heroic B.S.O.D. upon Syldra's death, but the latter's spirit would reappear in the third world and offer her help as a Summoned Beast.
- The closest the original release of Final Fantasy VI has is the Esper Bismarck, who resembles a giant whale. The Updated Re-release adds Leviathan to the Esper roster, by having the sea serpent preying upon ships sailing between South Figaro and Nikeah. Defeating the creature will reduce it to Magicite, which the player can equip.
- Final Fantasy IX has Lord Gizamaluke, who functions as an early That One Boss. He is revered as a god/king by the Burmecians, but the capacity to which is never touched upon in the game.
- Final Fantasy X Sin is an unusual example in that it shows it can fly toward the middle of the game, but otherwise fits this trope. It appears in Ansem Retort as "World-killing God-whale," and it's Exactly What It Says on the Tin.
- Both Leviathan and Kraken appear as bosses in Final Fantasy XIV — the latter, twice. Bismarck from Final Fantasy VI also appears, but as a flying whale terrorizing the Sea of Clouds.
- The third chapter in Tales of Monkey Island is called "Lair of the Leviathan". The chapter starts with Guybrush and his ship being eaten by a giant Manatee, but the title Leviathan turns out to be an even bigger female Manatee, which the first one has to conquer without being eaten.
- World of Warcraft:
- The Lurker Below, a boss in Serpentshrine Cavern raid whose in game model and is actually called "kraken". Its brethren are called kraken as well.
- In Cataclysm, however, there is the more traditional (i.e. giant squid) kraken Ozumat. And that's not even mentioning Nespirah... who is a giant... underwater... something.
- From the same expansion, the Whale Shark. Nearly ten million hit points, quarter million damage bites and an achievement for killing this beast just because you CAN, in other words, you have to kill him specifically for the Bragging Rights Reward since he doesn't gives loot of any kind.
- Mists of Pandaria has a few of its own as well. Three squid with the same model as Ozumat — one involved in a quest chain, another swimming in the waters off the coast of Townlong Steppes, and a third seen beached on the coast of the Thunder King's Island. As well as a giant boss eel (and its children) that drops a Bragging Rights Reward.
- Liir elders in Sword of the Stars can grow bigger than blue whales before gravity kills them. The Suul'ka Liir who attempted to escape gravity's limits in space are bigger than Leviathan-class starships and have tentacles that can crush dreadnoughts.
- Kyogre from the Pokémon series has a relationship with Groudon and Rayquaza that's based on that of the Leviathan, Behemoth, and Ziz in mythology, with the former two being sworn enemies, and the latter of the three keeping peace between them. However, it's too small to be considered a proper leviathan (Though still pretty massive by Pokemon standards).
- Dragon Quest IX: at Port Llaffan, you meet Jona, a girl with the ability to call Leviathan... a gift the other townsfolk abuse by making the great whale provide the whole town with fish, completely giving up their own fishing efforts.
- Age of Mythology has creatures called Leviathan and Jormund, but they're no bigger than most of the other Myth Units, though the Leviathan can serve as a living transport ship, implying a case of Units Not to Scale. The Kraken is also a present myth unit.
- The Jormund is supposed to be the offspring of the real World Serpent though. The snakey fellow himself couldn't show, what with blocking out the entire screen...
- One of the monster types available in Crush, Crumble, and Chomp!, particularly The Kraken.
- A humongous Zerg monster from StarCraft II is called a Leviathan. It can fly, shoot a wide variety of things (even other zerg air units), and has tentacles. It is also shown to be twenty or thirty times the size of a Terran Battlecruiser in some images. The Zerg appear to use them as interplanetary transports, and Kerrigan uses one in Heart of the Swarm as her mobile base. Concept art indicates that it was originally going to be a whale-like creature larger than a protoss Mothership that could swarm planets with clouds of some kind of creature. There is also a zerg creature from the novels called a Behemoth, which is a docile manta ray-like creature of similar size (it is hard to tell how big the Leviathan is supposed to be) used for transport.
- You can create both of these in Scribblenauts. The Kraken is a giant squid-like creature, the Leviathan manifests as a long sea serpent.
- In Tomb Raider: Legend, Lara fights a creature called "The Leviathan".
- The Kraken appears in Tears to Tiara 2 as The Bait in Izebel's battle plans.
- The first and second boss in the arcade shooter, The Ocean Hunter. Leviathan is a giant shark in this game.
- Razing Storm has a squid-like Humongous Mecha named the Kraken, complete with Combat Tentacles.
- Mousehunt has the Squeaken Mouse and the Leviathan Mouse, which are pretty much a giant octopus and a sea serpent crossed with mice.
- Wonder Boy In Monster Land has a Kraken boss, although not particularly large.
- Wing Commander: Prophecy: The Terrans assign Reporting Names to the ships used by the new alien race attacking through the new wormhole in the Kilrah System. These names are pretty much all names for aquatic creatures from Earth, given that the alien ships all look like they would be at home under the ocean. The capital ships are named for mythological sea monsters, including the Kraken and Leviathan.
- Endless Ocean : Blue World has both of these. There, the Leviathan is a large albino sperm whale with a back story lifted from Moby-Dick. The Kraken appears in the form of Kraken Jr., a young giant squid.
- In Kid Icarus: Uprising, you fight a Giant Space Kraken at the end of Chapter 8.
- In the Boreas seabed mission of Guild Wars, players have to fight a giant kraken like creature as the final boss. In addition, "Leviathans" are large sea serpent like enemies that the players fight at points in the mission "the deep", as well as being frozen in jade at other locations.
- The aptly-named Leviathan Downloadable Content for Mass Effect 3 introduces a race of enormous, tentacled aliens that live in the galaxy's deepest oceans. Their species is billions of years old, and was formerly the apex race in the galaxy. Their true name is never given, but they are called "Leviathans" by other races. They were the race that created the Catalyst, and their faulty parameters were the reason the Catalyst started the Vicious Cycle. The first Reaper Harbinger was created from the Leviathans. The few remaining survivors blame themselves for this programming oversight.
- The Reapers, giant robotic space cuttlefish which, in-universe, are designed to resemble the Leviathans, are a spacefaring version. While they usually rely upon giant red death rays to scuttle ships and raze the occasional city, one point in the final battle shows a Reaper grabbing a Systems Alliance ship that got too close, and crushing it with its mecha-tentacles.
- In the spaceflight simulation game Kerbal Space Program, a persistent physics bug that damaged spaceships or made them uncontrollable was nicknamed "The Deep Space Kraken" by the community. That name has stuck, and in version 0.17, when the bug was finally quashed, the dead body of a giant squid-like creature was put on a faraway moonlet as a memento. Of course, it would resurface in a different form later...
- The Witcher 2 and its enormous huge ''Kayran.'' How he (it? SHE?!) actually manages to stay underwater undetected of Pontar river is a riddle.
- The final boss of Metal Slug 7/XX is called the Kraken. It's a giant mechanical octopus that has six tentacles and is resting on a rock on top of lava. It's big enough that each of its tentacles is an instance of the (itself massive) first boss of the game.
- An update to Mortal Kombat X includes adding stage fatalities to a few stages. One of these provides the reason for the bodies in the Kove: a kraken is dwelling underneath the bridge that will grab the opponent and drag them to the depths below, ripping them apart as they drown.
- Native alien aquatic units in Civilization: Beyond Earth consist of Kraken and Sea Dragons (which are Leviathans with the serial numbers filed off).
- The Leviathan monster classification from Monster Hunter is NOT this trope. What is this trope is Ceadeus, a massive whale-like Elder Dragon that's large enough to cause earthquakes when it rams its head into the sea floor.
- Both the Kraken and the Leviathan are present in Soul Sacrifice.
- The Leviathan was a young prince who fused with his crocodile and carries his kingdom on his back... which is also named Leviathan.
- The Kraken was a naval captain whose ship got stolen by pirates. When he found his ship to be beyond repair, he snapped. Hard.
- Subnautica has three creatures described as “Leviathans,” the Reaper Leviathan, and the unimplemented Sea Emperor note and Sea Dragon Leviathan. A “kraken” type creature is a frequent suggestion on forums and the game's subreddit.
- In Devil May Cry 3, Leviathan shows up in the form of a giant flying whale. After swallowing Dante, it's digestive system serves as the location of Level 8.
- Sunless Sea:
- The biggest creature you can actually fight would be Mt. Nomad, which looks very much like a regular, if oddly black and glossy mountain at first. To be fair, it sort of is a mountain, but it's also very much alive, hungry, and far too mobile for a thing of its size.
- One that cannot be confronted, but can at least be found alive, is whatever the Eye belongs to. The aforementioned eye is bigger than some islands you visit, while the rest is thankfully unseen. One hopes whatever it belongs to doesn't feel like actually moving any time soon, for such a thing even stirring in its sleep would likely destroy several miles of zee-floor.
- Others are smaller than the aforementioned Eye's owner, but still big enough to count as their very own ports: Nook, which is an anarchic "city" full of hedonists founded in what resembles a giant lamprey with a mouth that could swallow an entire fleet whole, and Hideaway, founded on the back of a living, mobile and relatively friendly humongous crab that the dwellers have tamed.
- The dead ones are much more plentiful, forming several terrain features like a Ribcage Ridge you can sail multiple Dreadnoughts side-by-side through, a dead turtle so huge it has a large town inside its shell, and a thing so incomprehensively big just its stony heart, lying at the Gant Pole, can dock multiple zubmarines.
- One of Frostfound's galleries seems to have several of these, ones that could outsize entire cities, strung up on meathooks and chains like common fish. Much like the rest of Frostfound's mysteries, they're not explained much, and also serve to prove Frostfound is not a normal castle by any means.
- MS Paint Adventures has Gl'bgolyb, a tentacled sea creature large enough that a whale isn't a good mouthful for her. She's definitely connected with the end of the world, since Gl'bgolyb is capable of uttering the Vast Glub, which would kill all trolls everywhere in the universe except for the very highest caste, of which there are at most only ever two at a time. And she's implied to be small compared to the Horrorterrors, but they live in the Outer Ring (basically, outside the universe, or maybe the space between universes).
- In The Dreamland Chronicles, the heroes venture to the cave of the kraken. (Which bears a strong resemblance to the Clash of the Titans version.)
- Wapsi Square features a creature bearing some resemblance to the kraken. It is ancient and large enough to drop a U-boat on a beach. At one point in the past, Bud made a pet out of it and named it Stinky.
- In Scary Go Round, the Kraken is caught by Ernest Cromerty, Gibbous Moon and Desmond Fishman (who was previously suspected by some readers to be himself the Kraken, because he was designated with this term in a prophecy).
- In Cucumber Quest, why, they are told, they can't go by sea. It turns out to be the first of the Disaster Masters, Splashmaster.
- In Roommates the Goblin Regent summoned the Leviathan as giant sea snake/dragon thing when he finally hit the Godzilla Threshold.
- In GuildedAge, a kraken is drawn to Gastonia's port to destroy it as much as possible. Fortunately, it's a Non-Malicious Monster just looking for a mate, so it's easy enough to lure back out to sea.
- The White Steel Eel◊ from Tower of God.
- SCP-169. It's probably bigger than Europe.
- The SCP Foundation has plans of varying effectiveness to contain and/or prevent everything from multiple zombie apocalypses to holes in reality that periodically spew monsters. Their plan for this? When you cut through the formal scientific sounding terminology, it amounts to "Hope to hell it doesn't wake up, and if it does, hope it's friendly. The thing is just too damn big to do anything about."
- There's also SCP-1128, which is not as big (but ten times more incomprehensible thanks to its description being a Brown Note that causes you to be teleported right next to it if you get submerged in water), but still big enough to eat whales.
- "Wurser Fings 'ave 'appened @t Sea," matey. Jus' not dat much of 'em.
- Magical Trevor 4 featured a Kraken with the face of a haddock.
- This Cracked.com article discusses various unsolved mysterious and possible explanations for them. One of the mysterious is the Bloop (an extremely loud sound from underwater), and the possible explanation is that it's Cthulhu.
- Three members of The League of S.T.E.A.M. recount their encounters with a Kraken in "Tall Tails."
- The Monster Girl Encyclopedia of course, has a Cute Monster Girl edition of Kraken. Though this world being what it is, it's not nearly as big as most depictions of the Kraken tend to be.
- Protectors of the Plot Continuum:
- Stephanie Podd, from the universe of Daily Life with Monster Girl, is a Cute Monster Girl version of this, though as she's based off the Monster Girl Encyclopedia's Kraken listed above, she's much less a ship-sinking colossus and more an eleven-foot-tall Giant Squid Half-Human Hybrid. Who likes hugs.
- The actual Kraken makes a surprise guest appearance in the climax of "In Other News, Water Is Wet."
- In an episode of Martin Mystery, a Leviathan was guarding a treasure and attacked anyone who tried to steal it.
- On Catscratch, Gordon goes hunting for the Kraken, who will supposedly grant a wish to whomever would defeat it in battle. In a later episode, the Kraken is revealed to be from another dimension.
- In Ben 10, a semi-aquatic Kraken is a Monster of the Week that terrorizes the coast because someone stole its eggs. Interestingly, it's never explained if it is in fact an alien or just an unknown terrestrial species.
- In the Rocko's Modern Life episode "Fish N' Chumps," after a failed attempt at using a live worm as bait for fishing, Rocko decides to use cheese cubes. As soon as he opens the jar, a giant white squid monster rises up asking for the cheese. Rocko hands him the jar. Later in the episode, the squid appears again, asking for more cheese, which Rocko agrees to give him in exchange for getting him and his buddies back home.
- Whales, obviously.
- There's a fossil whale species named Livyatan melvillei (from the Hebrew spelling of whale (who is the origin of the word leviathan) and the author of Moby Dick). And it is pretty scary-looking.◊
- It is worth knowing that the whale Moby Dick from the novel of the same name was in fact based on a real albino sperm whale called Mocha Dick — a 70-foot monstrosity of prodigious strength and cunning known to survive allegedly at least 100 encounters with whalers (destroying about 20 boats in the process) before being slain in 1838 trying to aid a female whose calf had been killed by harpooners.
- For a while researchers theorized that the stories of the Kraken were exaggerations of Giant Squid sightings, but more recent discoveries might prove that the tales were not so exaggerated; specimens as large as eight meters (26 feet) have been caught, and it's theorized they can grow to 10 to 13 meters in total. They've also been shown to display aggressive hunting behaviors, in contrast to the hypothesis that they are slothful drifters.
- Then there's the Colossal Squid. A live specimen was caught in 2007,◊ and initial estimates put its total length at 10 meters (33 feet) long before the tentacles shrank post-mortem. It's theorized that there may be even larger examples of the species in the wild, as the beak of the live specimen was smaller than what they'd found in the stomachs of sperm whales.
- There have always been unpleasantly large cephalopods throughout the history of the world:
- One was Cameroceras, an Ordovician (about 440 million years ago) genus of primitive shelled cephalopods which had long, conical shells ranging from three to 11 feet in length. It does look slightly silly, however, a bit like someone just stuck a cuttlefish in the end of a very long horn.
- An ammonite from the Cretaceous of Germany was Parapuzosia, it had a coiled shell with a six foot diameter. It had numerous cousins in the US that were slightly smaller, about three to five feet in diameter. Basically, take a Nautilus and enlarge it until it's as tall as you are (or more), and there you have it.
- From the Niobraran Sea, of Cretaceous Kansas, we have Tusoteuthis, a 20 to 35 foot long (with tentacles outstretched) relative of the modern-day vampire squid. Of course, it was not even close to being the worst of the worst of the denizens of the Niobraran: a fossil of a predatory salmon, Cimolichthys, showed that the beast choked to death while trying to swallow a Tusoteuthis, tailfirst.
- Much is made about how the bus-sized, 20-foot placoderm fish Dunkleosteus was the world's first vertebrate superpredator. It's often mentioned that Dunkleosteus ' bite was among the strongest of any vertebrate living or extinct, and that it was a voracious cannibal. What isn't mentioned is how Big D had several, equally voracious relatives, including the evocatively named Dinichthys and Gorgonichthys, who were only slightly smaller (by about a few feet, or so). And then there was the 30 foot long Titanichthys, the largest placoderm ever, though, it was a basking shark-like plankton eater with "ineffectual mouthplates."
- Then there's the Liopleurodon. It stalked the seas of the mid to late Jurassic. Its maximum size is controversial, but modern estimates are in the 20-30 foot range, about the size of a killer whale. Some other estimates, though, put it at over 50 feet long, which would make it the largest known predator in Earth's history.
- Also, the Mosasaurs of the Cretaceous. Tylosaurus could be nearly fifty feet long (the largest species could reach 59 feet), and was the top predator of its time. Given that they were closely related to monitor lizards, and may have given rise to snakes, these are the closest things to mythical sea serpents that we're likely to find.
- The bizarre and spectacular Deep-Sea Siphonophore◊s definitely deserve a mention — while the Siphonophores you're familiar with are probably the ever-dreaded Portuguese Man o' War, and the By-the-wind-sailor, deep in the ocean lurk some SCARY BIG guys. Being cnidarians, all of them have poisonous stings, some even being dangerous to humans. Fortunately the chance of coming across one is ludicrous, as they are both rare and strictly deep-sea dwellers.
- The deep-sea siphonophore Praya dubia is one of the better known. Praya colonies form long strings of individuals, some colonies have been recorded at 50 meters long — and that's only the ones they've found. The colonies average out at around a length of 40 meters, though there have been unconfirmed sightings of far longer colonies.
- This one Appears to be related to the Praya dubia and features a beautiful red glow. The size on this one appears unclear — some shrimplike creatures dart past the camera but they seem to be much closer to the camera.
- This monster of a Siphonophore looks like something straight out of a cosmic horror story and has the dimensions to match — though not stated in the video this unidentified specimen was later found to be 130 meters long. Stop and think about how big that is. The only reason Siphonophores aren't officially considered the largest living animal is because they're actually made up of tens of to thousands of smaller organisms.
- Probably the most famous real-life example apart from whales, and the largest fish as well as the largest macropredatornote ever to live, was the Megalodon, 50-60 feet from snout to tail, about 2/3 the length of an Olympic swimming pool.
- The largest fish to ever live was actually the Leedsichthys, which would match the shark in size even after its size was reduced. The monster filter feeder itself is a bit of a Liopleurodon, the size being a topic of debate due to the lack of fossil evidence, but all sizes either rival the largest sea animals, or dwarf them.