History Main / KrakenAndLeviathan

15th Mar '18 10:19:30 AM Kaiseror
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* ''VideoGame/{{Subnautica}}'' has three creatures described as “Leviathans,” the Reaper Leviathan, and the unimplemented Sea Emperor [[note]] also known as the Emperor Leviathan [[/note]] and Sea Dragon Leviathan. A “kraken” type creature is a frequent suggestion on forums and the game's subreddit.

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* ''VideoGame/{{Subnautica}}'' has three creatures described as “Leviathans,” four different species of leviathan, the monstrous Reaper Leviathan, the [[BreathWeapon magma spitting]] Sea Dragon Leviathan, the eerie Ghost Leviathan and the unimplemented [[GentleGiant colossal]] [[note]] Not to mention [[spoiler:sentient and [[{{Telepathy}} telepathic]]]] [[/note]] Sea Emperor [[note]] Leviathan. According to the PDA the [[TurtleIsland Reefback]] and the [[TripodTerror Sea Treader]] are also known as the Emperor Leviathan [[/note]] and Sea Dragon Leviathan."leviathan class" a term which indicates that any alien sea creature that reaches a certain size is called a leviathan. A “kraken” type creature is a frequent suggestion on forums and the game's subreddit.
24th Feb '18 1:48:36 PM WillKeaton
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Added DiffLines:

* A huge beast called the Leviathan appears in an episode of ''WesternAnimation/StormHawks.'' However, since Atmos is a world where TheSkyIsAnOcean, the beast flies in the clouds.
23rd Feb '18 9:42:32 AM Bense
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* Kraken: The famous Kraken of legend may have been based on real sightings of Giant Squid, whose existence itself long debated throughout history. However, various discoveries have proven its presence in the world; its deep sea-dwelling nature may have hindered int from being easily spotted.

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* Kraken: The famous Kraken of legend may have been based on real sightings of Giant Squid, whose existence itself long debated throughout history. now known to be quite real. However, various discoveries have proven its presence in the world; its deep sea-dwelling nature may have hindered int it from being easily spotted.having been spotted often.



** The Colossal Squid is yet larger, and is the largest cephalophod yet known. The largest specimen caught was estimated to be 10 meters in length (before its tentacles shrank post-mortem), though the species may grow to 14 meters, possibly due to the fact that the specimen's beak was smaller than those found in the stomachs of sperm whales.
*** Both kinds of squid are aggressive hunters, but stories of them attacking boats or ships would not be their normal behavior.

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** The Colossal Squid is yet even larger, and is the largest cephalophod yet known. cephalopod known (yet). The largest specimen caught was estimated to be 10 meters in length (before before its tentacles shrank post-mortem), though post-mortem. Their are indications the species may grow to 14 meters, possibly due to the fact beaks larger than that of the specimen's beak was smaller than those specimen have been found in the stomachs of sperm whales.
*** Both kinds of squid are aggressive hunters, but stories of them attacking boats or ships on the surface would not be their normal behavior.
3rd Feb '18 10:48:04 PM BillWoods
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** Further, Severian reads a FutureImperfect story in which the legend of the ''Minotaur'' is conflated with the ''USS Monitor'', the ironclad battleship supposedly being the armored head and shoulders of an aquatic monster.

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** Further, Severian reads a FutureImperfect story in which the legend of the ''Minotaur'' is conflated with the ''USS Monitor'', USS ''Monitor'', the ironclad battleship supposedly being the armored head and shoulders of an aquatic monster.



** The whale Moby Dick from the novel of the same name was [[RippedFromTheHeadlines based on]] a real albino sperm whale called Mocha Dick - a 70-foot bull which allegedly survived at least 100 encounters with whalers (destroying about 20 boats in the process) before being slain in 1838 trying to [[HeroAntagonist aid a female whose calf had been killed by harpooners.]]

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** The whale Moby Dick from the [[Literature/MobyDick novel of the same name name]] was [[RippedFromTheHeadlines based on]] a real albino sperm whale called Mocha Dick - -- a 70-foot bull which allegedly survived at least 100 encounters with whalers (destroying about 20 boats in the process) before being slain in 1838 trying to [[HeroAntagonist aid a female whose calf had been killed by harpooners.]]



** The Giant Squid can attain truly impressive dimensions; it is about 8-10 meters in length on average, though 13 meter specimens may be entirely possible in the wild.

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** The Giant Squid can attain truly impressive dimensions; it is about 8-10 8–10 meters in length on average, though 13 meter specimens may be entirely possible in the wild.



* Prehistoric Creatures - the Earth's extensive history is home to many truly gigantic extinct sea creatures. Several are listed below:

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* Prehistoric Creatures - -- the Earth's extensive history is home to many truly gigantic extinct sea creatures. Several are listed below:



*** The largest fish of all time would have been either [[Megalodon]] or Leedsichthys; the former means [[http://media.graytvinc.com/images/810*844/MegaladonTooth.jpg "big tooth"]] and is much like a [[TookALevelOfBadass super-sized Great White Shark]] which fed on whales and had enough bite force to crush a small car; the latter is the largest known bony fish of all time, and may have grown to 16 meters (50 feet) in length.

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*** The largest fish of all time would have been either [[Megalodon]] {{Megalodon}} or Leedsichthys; the former means [[http://media.graytvinc.com/images/810*844/MegaladonTooth.jpg "big tooth"]] and is much like a [[TookALevelOfBadass [[TookALevelInBadass super-sized Great White Shark]] which fed on whales and had enough bite force to crush a small car; the latter is the largest known bony fish of all time, and may have grown to 16 meters (50 feet) in length.



*** The Shastasaurus is the largest sea-dwelling reptile discovered thus far, and possibly one of the largest prehistoric sea creatures; and likely reached lenghts of 21 meters (69 feet), roughly the size of a Sperm Whale. The creature itself looks somewhat like a cross between a dolphin and a dinosaur; it belongs to the group of ichthyosaurs, which are large, fish-like marine reptiles.
*** The Mosasaurs probably comes it at a close second; the largest species, ''Mosasaurus hoffmani'', reached a length of 18 meters (59 feet) - roughly the size of the Mosasaur in [[Film/Jurassic World]]. It is one of the ancient seas' superpredators.

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*** The Shastasaurus is the largest sea-dwelling reptile discovered thus far, and possibly one of the largest prehistoric sea creatures; and likely reached lenghts lengths of 21 meters (69 feet), roughly the size of a Sperm Whale. The creature itself looks somewhat like a cross between a dolphin and a dinosaur; it belongs to the group of ichthyosaurs, which are large, fish-like marine reptiles.
*** The Mosasaurs probably comes it at a close second; the largest species, ''Mosasaurus hoffmani'', reached a length of 18 meters (59 feet) - -- roughly the size of the Mosasaur in [[Film/Jurassic World]].''Film/JurassicWorld''. It is one of the ancient seas' superpredators.
3rd Feb '18 11:32:52 AM WillKeaton
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** A prehistoric whale species called the ''[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Livyatan_melvillei Livyatan melvillei]]'' is very much like its descendant the Sperm Whale in appearance, but is [[http://static.guim.co.uk/sys-images/Guardian/Pix/pictures/2010/6/30/1277901299026/Artists-impression-of-gia-002.jpg far deadlier, with 14-inch teeth.]] It is named after the [[ExactlyWhatItSaysOnTheTin Leviathan]] from Hebrew mythology, and (because it reminds one of the deadly fictional whale Moby Dick, is also named after that novel's author, ''Creator/Herman Melville''.

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** A prehistoric whale species called the ''[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Livyatan_melvillei Livyatan melvillei]]'' is very much like its descendant the Sperm Whale in appearance, but is [[http://static.guim.co.uk/sys-images/Guardian/Pix/pictures/2010/6/30/1277901299026/Artists-impression-of-gia-002.jpg far deadlier, with 14-inch teeth.]] It is named after the [[ExactlyWhatItSaysOnTheTin Leviathan]] from Hebrew mythology, and (because it reminds one of the deadly fictional whale Moby Dick, is also named after that novel's author, ''Creator/Herman Melville''.Creator/HermanMelville.
3rd Feb '18 11:32:22 AM WillKeaton
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** A prehistoric whale species called the ''[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Livyatan_melvillei Livyatan melvillei]]'' is very much like its descendant the Sperm Whale in appearance, but is [http://static.guim.co.uk/sys-images/Guardian/Pix/pictures/2010/6/30/1277901299026/Artists-impression-of-gia-002.jpg far deadlier, with 14-inch teeth.]] It is named after the [[ExactlyWhatItSaysOnTheTin Leviathan]] from Hebrew mythology, and (because it reminds one of the deadly fictional whale Moby Dick, is also named after that novel's author, ''Creator/Herman Melville''.

to:

** A prehistoric whale species called the ''[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Livyatan_melvillei Livyatan melvillei]]'' is very much like its descendant the Sperm Whale in appearance, but is [http://static.[[http://static.guim.co.uk/sys-images/Guardian/Pix/pictures/2010/6/30/1277901299026/Artists-impression-of-gia-002.jpg far deadlier, with 14-inch teeth.]] It is named after the [[ExactlyWhatItSaysOnTheTin Leviathan]] from Hebrew mythology, and (because it reminds one of the deadly fictional whale Moby Dick, is also named after that novel's author, ''Creator/Herman Melville''.



** The Whale Shark is also one of the largest animals in the sea. It is the largest shark species (apart from the extinct [[Megalodon]]). Most specimens grow to 10 meters (33 feet) in length, with larger individuals reaching 12 meters (40 feet).

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** The Whale Shark is also one of the largest animals in the sea. It is the largest shark species (apart from the extinct [[Megalodon]]).{{Megalodon}}). Most specimens grow to 10 meters (33 feet) in length, with larger individuals reaching 12 meters (40 feet).
30th Jan '18 10:17:26 AM Valandar
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*** The Dunklestous is also quite large, and very monstrous; attaining sizes of 30 feet, this predatory bony fish is hypothesized to have been a voracious cannibal. Its bite force is estimated to have been the greatest of all vertebrates in history.

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*** The Dunklestous Dunkleosteous is also quite large, and very monstrous; attaining sizes of 30 feet, this predatory bony fish is hypothesized to have been a voracious cannibal. Its bite force is estimated to have been the greatest of all vertebrates in history.
25th Jan '18 3:56:15 AM jormis29
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* The ''TabletopGame/{{Warhammer}}'' world has buckets of these, as detailed in the Seas of Blood supplement to the early 90s naval warfare spin-off ''Man o' War'' and the 2011 Pirate-themed spin-off ''Dreadfleet''. ''Warhammer'''s giant sea monsters include the classic giant squid Kraken and the horrific Black Leviathan (a humongous deep-sea angler fish that could swallow small ships whole), as well as the Narwhal-like Behemoth, the giant crab Promethean the Sea Dragon, the giant merman Triton, the Sea Elemental, the giant shark Megalodon, and a monster resembling a mosasaur called "Mother Mine". Dreadfleet has its own zombie sea monsters -- the Sea Giant, Bone Hydra and Leechwyrm -- and even a ship made from the rotting undead carcass of an Orb Leviathan (possibly the same species as the Black Leviathan from ''Man o' War'', maybe not). Finally smaller, but still huge, sea monsters are available from Forge World to use in land-based Warhammer armies in the shape of the Merwyrm and its variants.

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* The ''TabletopGame/{{Warhammer}}'' world has buckets of these, as detailed in the Seas of Blood supplement to the early 90s naval warfare spin-off ''Man o' War'' ''TabletopGame/ManOWar'' and the 2011 Pirate-themed spin-off ''Dreadfleet''. ''Warhammer'''s giant sea monsters include the classic giant squid Kraken and the horrific Black Leviathan (a humongous deep-sea angler fish that could swallow small ships whole), as well as the Narwhal-like Behemoth, the giant crab Promethean the Sea Dragon, the giant merman Triton, the Sea Elemental, the giant shark Megalodon, and a monster resembling a mosasaur called "Mother Mine". Dreadfleet has its own zombie sea monsters -- the Sea Giant, Bone Hydra and Leechwyrm -- and even a ship made from the rotting undead carcass of an Orb Leviathan (possibly the same species as the Black Leviathan from ''Man o' War'', maybe not). Finally smaller, but still huge, sea monsters are available from Forge World to use in land-based Warhammer armies in the shape of the Merwyrm and its variants.
11th Jan '18 12:21:58 PM VanHohenheimOfXerxes
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The Leviathan in the Bible is often taken to be a view of a whale and is sometimes translated directly as whale. (Intriguingly the "big fish" that swallowed Jonah was often interpreted as a whale or leviathan but nowadays people are having a lot of fun with it as a {{Megalodon}}.) Indeed, the modern Hebrew word for whale is לויתן, or leviathan. Strangely, the [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leviathan actual biblical description of a leviathan]] suggests that it has legs and is able to move on land, and seems to refer to armour plates or scales (in fact, if one ignores the WordOfDante and the [[BreathWeapon fire-breathing]], it sounds quite like a [[NeverSmileAtACrocodile crocodile]], or a particularly big one anyway).

to:

The Leviathan in the Bible is often taken to be a view of a whale and is sometimes translated directly as whale. (Intriguingly the "big fish" that swallowed Jonah was often interpreted as a whale or leviathan but nowadays people are having a lot of fun with it as a {{Megalodon}}.) Indeed, the modern Hebrew word for whale is לויתן, or leviathan. Strangely, the [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leviathan actual biblical description of a leviathan]] suggests that it has legs and is able to move on land, and seems to refer to armour plates or scales (in fact, if one ignores the WordOfDante and the [[BreathWeapon fire-breathing]], it sounds quite like a [[NeverSmileAtACrocodile crocodile]], or a particularly big one anyway).
very large crocodile]]).
6th Jan '18 10:50:13 PM Santosificationable
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* Whales, [[CaptainObvious obviously]].

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* Leviathan: Whales, [[CaptainObvious obviously]].



** The whale Moby Dick from the novel of the same name was [[RippedFromTheHeadlines based on]] a real albino sperm whale called Mocha Dick -- a 70-foot bull which allegedly survived at least 100 encounters with whalers (destroying about 20 boats in the process) before being slain in 1838 trying to [[HeroAntagonist aid a female whose calf had been killed by harpooners.]]
* For a while researchers theorized that the stories of the Kraken were exaggerations of [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Giant_squid Giant Squid]] sightings, but more recent discoveries might prove that the tales [[TruthInTelevision were not so exaggerated]]; specimens as large as eight meters (26 feet) have been caught, and it's theorized they can grow to 10 to 13 meters in total. They've also been shown to display aggressive hunting behaviors, in contrast to the hypothesis that they are slothful drifters.
** Then there's the [[http://squid.tepapa.govt.nz/ Colossal Squid.]] [[http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/6/61/Colossal_squid_caught_in_February_2007.jpg A live specimen was caught in 2007,]] and initial estimates put its total length at 10 meters (33 feet) long before the tentacles shrank post-mortem. It's theorized that there may be even larger examples of the species in the wild, as the beak of the live specimen was smaller than what they'd found in the stomachs of sperm whales.
* There have always been unpleasantly large cephalopods throughout the history of the world:
** One was ''Cameroceras'', an Ordovician (about 440 million years ago) genus of primitive shelled cephalopods which had long, conical shells ranging from three to 11 feet in length. It does look slightly silly, however, a bit like someone just stuck a cuttlefish in the end of a very long horn.
** An ammonite from the Cretaceous of Germany was ''Parapuzosia'', it had a coiled shell with a six foot diameter. It had numerous cousins in the US that were slightly smaller, about three to five feet in diameter. Basically, take a Nautilus and enlarge it until it's as tall as you are (or more), and there you have it.
** From the Niobraran Sea, of Cretaceous Kansas, we have ''Tusoteuthis'', a 20 to 35 foot long (with tentacles outstretched) relative of the modern-day vampire squid. Of course, it was not even close to being the worst of the worst of the denizens of the Niobraran: a fossil of a predatory salmon, ''Cimolichthys'', showed that the beast choked to death while trying to swallow a ''Tusoteuthis'', tailfirst.
* Much is made about how the bus-sized, 20-foot placoderm fish ''Dunkleosteus'' was the world's first vertebrate superpredator. It's often mentioned that ''Dunkleosteus'' ' bite was among the strongest of any vertebrate living or extinct, and that it was a [[BigEater voracious cannibal]]. What isn't mentioned is how Big D had several, equally voracious relatives, including the evocatively named ''Dinichthys'' and ''Gorgonichthys'', who were only slightly smaller (by about a few feet, or so). And then there was the 30 foot long ''Titanichthys'', the largest placoderm ever, though, it was a [[GentleGiant basking shark-like plankton eater]] with "ineffectual mouthplates."

to:

** The whale Moby Dick from the novel of the same name was [[RippedFromTheHeadlines based on]] a real albino sperm whale called Mocha Dick -- - a 70-foot bull which allegedly survived at least 100 encounters with whalers (destroying about 20 boats in the process) before being slain in 1838 trying to [[HeroAntagonist aid a female whose calf had been killed by harpooners.]]
* For a while researchers theorized that the stories ** The Whale Shark is also one of the Kraken were exaggerations of [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Giant_squid Giant Squid]] sightings, but more recent discoveries might prove that largest animals in the tales [[TruthInTelevision were not so exaggerated]]; sea. It is the largest shark species (apart from the extinct [[Megalodon]]). Most specimens as large as eight meters (26 feet) have been caught, and it's theorized they can grow to 10 to 13 meters in total. They've also been shown to display aggressive hunting behaviors, in contrast to the hypothesis that they are slothful drifters.
** Then there's the [[http://squid.tepapa.govt.nz/ Colossal Squid.]] [[http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/6/61/Colossal_squid_caught_in_February_2007.jpg A live specimen was caught in 2007,]] and initial estimates put its total length at
10 meters (33 feet) in length, with larger individuals reaching 12 meters (40 feet).
*** The [[http://i.dailymail.co.uk/i/pix/2013/10/30/article-2479631-18C1B53100000578-722_634x389.jpg Giant Oarfish]] definitely deserves a mention, as it seems to look straight out of a mythology textbook, looking chillingly similar to most depictions of the Leviathan. This enormous fish may grow to 11 meters (36 feet). It is the longest existing bony fish and may be the source of many "sea serpent" sightings.
* Kraken: The famous Kraken of legend may have been based on real sightings of Giant Squid, whose existence itself
long before debated throughout history. However, various discoveries have proven its presence in the world; its deep sea-dwelling nature may have hindered int from being easily spotted.
** The Giant Squid can attain truly impressive dimensions; it is about 8-10 meters in length on average, though 13 meter specimens may be entirely possible in the wild.
** The Colossal Squid is yet larger, and is the largest cephalophod yet known. The largest specimen caught was estimated to be 10 meters in length (before its
tentacles shrank post-mortem. It's theorized that there may be even larger examples of post-mortem), though the species in may grow to 14 meters, possibly due to the wild, as fact that the specimen's beak of the live specimen was smaller than what they'd those found in the stomachs of sperm whales.
* There have always been unpleasantly large cephalopods throughout the history *** Both kinds of the world:
squid are aggressive hunters, but stories of them attacking boats or ships would not be their normal behavior.
** One was Huge prehistoric cephalophods include ''Cameroceras'', an Ordovician (about 440 million years ago) genus which looks interesting as it is the largest of the primitive shelled cephalopods which had long, conical shells ranging from three cephalophods, making it appear like a cross between squids and snail, and. The creature spans up to 11 30 feet in length. It does look slightly silly, however, a bit like someone just stuck a cuttlefish in the end of a very long horn.
** An ammonite from the Cretaceous of Germany was ''Parapuzosia'', it had a coiled shell with a six foot diameter. It had numerous cousins in the US that were slightly smaller, about three to five feet in diameter. Basically, take a Nautilus and enlarge it until it's as tall as you are (or more), and there you have it.
** From the Niobraran Sea, of Cretaceous Kansas, we have ''Tusoteuthis'', a 20 to 35 foot long (with tentacles outstretched) relative of the modern-day vampire squid. Of course, it was not even close to being the worst of the worst of the denizens of the Niobraran: a fossil of a predatory salmon, ''Cimolichthys'', showed that the beast choked to death while trying to swallow a ''Tusoteuthis'', tailfirst.
length.
* Much is made about how the bus-sized, 20-foot placoderm fish ''Dunkleosteus'' was the world's first vertebrate superpredator. It's often mentioned that ''Dunkleosteus'' ' bite was among the strongest of any vertebrate living or extinct, and that it was a [[BigEater voracious cannibal]]. What isn't mentioned is how Big D had several, equally voracious relatives, including the evocatively named ''Dinichthys'' and ''Gorgonichthys'', who were only slightly smaller (by about a few feet, or so). And then there was the 30 foot long ''Titanichthys'', the largest placoderm ever, though, it was a [[GentleGiant basking shark-like plankton eater]] with "ineffectual mouthplates."Others:



* Then there's the ''Liopleurodon''. It stalked the seas of the mid to late Jurassic. Its maximum size is controversial, but modern estimates are in the 20-30 foot range, about the size of a killer whale. Some other estimates, though, put it at over 50 feet long, which would make it the largest known ''predator'' in Earth's history.
* Also, the Mosasaurs of the Cretaceous. ''[[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tylosaurus Tylosaurus]]'' could be nearly fifty feet long (the largest species could reach 59 feet), and was the top predator of its time. Given that they were closely related to monitor lizards, and may have given rise to snakes, these are the closest things to mythical sea serpents that we're likely to find.



* Probably the most famous real-life example apart from whales, and the largest fish as well as the largest macropredator[[note]]as opposed to filter-feeder[[/note]] ever to live, was the ''{{Megalodon}}'', 50-60 feet from snout to tail, about 2/3 the length of an Olympic swimming pool.
** The largest fish to ever live was actually the [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leedsichthys Leedsichthys]], which would match the shark in size even after its size was reduced. The monster filter feeder itself is a bit of a ''Liopleurodon'', the size being a topic of debate due to the lack of fossil evidence, but all sizes either rival the largest sea animals, or dwarf them.

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* Probably Prehistoric Creatures - the most famous real-life example apart from whales, and the largest fish as well as the largest macropredator[[note]]as opposed Earth's extensive history is home to filter-feeder[[/note]] ever to live, was the ''{{Megalodon}}'', 50-60 feet from snout to tail, about 2/3 the length of an Olympic swimming pool.
many truly gigantic extinct sea creatures. Several are listed below:
** Fish
***
The largest fish to ever live was actually the [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leedsichthys Leedsichthys]], which of all time would match the shark in size even after its size was reduced. The monster filter feeder itself is a bit of a ''Liopleurodon'', the size being a topic of debate due to the lack of fossil evidence, but all sizes have been either rival [[Megalodon]] or Leedsichthys; the former means [[http://media.graytvinc.com/images/810*844/MegaladonTooth.jpg "big tooth"]] and is much like a [[TookALevelOfBadass super-sized Great White Shark]] which fed on whales and had enough bite force to crush a small car; the latter is the largest known bony fish of all time, and may have grown to 16 meters (50 feet) in length.
*** The Dunklestous is also quite large, and very monstrous; attaining sizes of 30 feet, this predatory bony fish is hypothesized to have been a voracious cannibal. Its bite force is estimated to have been the greatest of all vertebrates in history.
** Marine Reptiles
*** The Shastasaurus is the largest sea-dwelling reptile discovered thus far, and possibly one of the largest prehistoric
sea animals, or dwarf them.creatures; and likely reached lenghts of 21 meters (69 feet), roughly the size of a Sperm Whale. The creature itself looks somewhat like a cross between a dolphin and a dinosaur; it belongs to the group of ichthyosaurs, which are large, fish-like marine reptiles.
*** The Mosasaurs probably comes it at a close second; the largest species, ''Mosasaurus hoffmani'', reached a length of 18 meters (59 feet) - roughly the size of the Mosasaur in [[Film/Jurassic World]]. It is one of the ancient seas' superpredators.
*** Pliosaurus funkei, nicknamed [[BadassNickname Predator X]], was the largest discovered pliosaur, another group of large predatory marine reptiles, and may have reached 15 meters (50 feet) in length.
*** The Elasmosaurus is pretty much a sea-dwelling sauropod in appearance. [[TruthInTelevision It looks exactly like a]] [[StockNessMonster Loch Ness Monster]] (though it does not stick its head out of the water's surface and is a saltwater, rather than freshwater, creature). It is the largest of the plesiosaurs, the animal group where the Loch Ness monster is said to belong to. It could grow up to 46 feet in length.
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