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Anime and Manga
- By the futuristic setting of Outlaw Star, the term has decayed even further. "Outlaws" are independent spaceships and their crews who have no formal allegiance to the government or pirate guilds.
- Berserk has the Band of the Hawk being declared outlaw (in the classical sense of the word) by the King after Griffith's indiscretion with Princess Charlotte gets him thrown into the Tower of Rebirth to be put to the torture.
- Terra-Man, a Silver Age foe of Superman, combined the trappings of a Wild West outlaw with alien technology, since he was actually born in the appropriate time period.
- Lucky Luke: The Daltons are the most typical example of outlaws on the loose in this comic strip and that's saying something, because Luke has also combatted Billy The Kid and Jesse James.
- Every western depicting Billy The Kid or Jesse James.
- Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid: About the real-life The Wild West Hole-in-the-Wall gang consisting of Butch, Sundance, George "Flat Nose" Curry and others.
- The Outlaw Josey Wales: In which Clint Eastwood plays an outlaw who managed to remain out of the clutches of the law.
- Aussie and Kiwi cinema also features outlaws as anti-hero protagonists. These include the bushrangers in Jesse James, Captain Thunderbolt, The Outlaw Michael Howe, The Proposition, Mad Dog Morgan, Van Diemens Land, Wolf Creek, and the fugitive Maori protagonists of Utu and DeadLands''.
- Robin Hood and his Merry Men are perhaps the most well-known medieval outlaws in fiction.
- Famous heroic outlaws from the Sagas of Icelanders are Grettir Ásmundarson (The Saga of Grettir the Strong) and Gisli Súrsson. Grettir supposedly survived almost 20 years as an outlaw, Gisli twelve years, before they were tracked down and killed by their enemies. Outlaws also occur as villains in other sagas, as outlaws often would turn to robbery, waylaying or even murder to feed themselves.
- From the Icelandic Völsunga saga (a legendary saga): Sigi, the ancestor of the Volsungs, is outlawed in his home country for murder. Generations later, his descendants Sigmund and Sinfjotli, on the run from villainous King Siggeir, live as outlaws in the forest for years.
- Túrin Turambar from The Silmarillion and The Children of Húrin and his Gaurwaith gang are modelled after medieval outlaws.
- The Seablite gang in Dark Life are undersea outlaws who prey on ocean-floor pioneers.
- The Jon Shannow books by David Gemmell, being set in an After the End western, has a lot of them, like Daniel Cade. They're usually the main antagonists of the book until the real Big Bad shows up.
- The heroes of the classical Chinese romance Outlaws of the Marsh.
- The Death Eaters in Harry Potter are a band of pureblood supremacist wizards and witches. In the war that forms the backstory of the series, Head of Magical Law Enforcement Barty Crouch, Sr. published a writ of Outlawry against them, authorizing the use of Unforgivable Curses against them, when their use would otherwise send the caster to Azkaban for life.
- The heroes of Wild Boys are all bushrangers.
- Played with in Alias Smith and Jones: Kid Curry and Hannibal Heyes were guilty of the crimes they were accused of, but they were on a conditional amnesty. The condition being that the amnesty was a secret until the governor deemed it politically opportune to publicize it - and the two still had to behave as good citizens until then.
Jed 'Kid' Curry: I sure wish the governor'd let a few more people in on our secret!
- Cactus Canyon is full of them, most notably the three Bart Brothers (Big Bart, Bandelero, and Bubba Bart), who must be defeated to qualify for High Noon.
- Irregulars from Tower of God who broke the rules of the Tower by entering it on their own volition. But because they were capable of doing that, nobody feels an ounce of urgency to pursue them.
- Cwynhild in the Cattle Punk webcomic Cwynhild's Loom is on the run from the military.
- The Pirates in Quentyn Quinn, Space Ranger set out to be this. They learned why you want the law to protect you.
Real Life (may overlap with Folklore)
- Billy The Kid, perhaps the most notorious outlaw of The Wild West.
- The Jesse James gang, of both Real Life fame and many, many movies.
- Wyatt Earp was an example of an outlaw becoming a lawman.
- It seems as though many if not most renowned gunfighters have spent some time as both outlaws and lawmen.
- Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid tried going straight in Real Life as well, working as guards. It was the first time Butch Cassidy had ever killed anyone. In The Movie, they're given the Robin Hood treatment.
- Australian example: Ned Kelly, infamous for the home-made suit of armour worn in his last stand. During Australia's colonial days, outlaws were known as 'Bushrangers', and there's a number of songs about them.
- Lampiao: An early 20th century Brazilian outlaw.
- In the old days, pirates. Governments of England, France and Spain essentially declared open season and many of them were executed with out so much as a trial or legal protection, they were declared "Hostis Humani Generis" - "Enemy of all Mankind". Things improved later under Governor Woodes Rogers who tried a more moderate approach but even taking the pardon didn't prevent Blackbeard from being killed. The only ones with an actual duty to try and get them to surrender before exterminating them were the captains specifically ordered to hunt them down, as some pirates had been forced to join and freeing them was a priority.
- The term regained currency during The French Revolution and The Napoleonic Wars, mostly because of the political instability and the question of legitimate authority, at various times French heads of state found themselves declared outlaws:
- During the trial of King Louis XVI, the revolutionary Saint-Just declared the King "Hors la loi!" (Outside the Law). He pointed out that as a result of France becoming a republic, the earlier constitution declaring the King inviolable was invalid. Furthermore, the King himself had violated that same constitution during the Flight to Varennesnote . As such, the National Convention can't possibly consider itself(as representatives of the Revolution) and the King legitimate at the same time. The subsequent trial revealed new evidence of the King's guilt and the Convention agreed that the King had put himself outside all legal protections, paving the way for his execution.
- Of course, turnaround is fair play. During Thermidor, Robespierre, Saint-Just, George Couthon, members of the Committee of Public Safety, the governing body at the time, were declared outlaws by the same National Convention, after the Paris Commune released them from judicial custody note . Robespierre and his allies were executed without a trial, followed the day after by 77 members of the Paris Commune, which became the largest mass execution during the Reign of Terror.
- Napoleon Bonaparte struggled for legitimacy for most of his reign, since as a dictator who came to power via coup d'etat, he had no legal legitimacy, but as a beneficiary of revolutionary reforms and meritocracy, he was seen as "Robespierre on Horseback" by other European powers, an upstart rather than a true Emperornote When Napoleon returned during the Hundred Days, the Congress of Vienna declared Napoleon an outlaw, who "has placed himself without the pale of civil and social relations; and that, as an enemy and disturber of the tranquillity of the world, he has rendered himself liable to public vengeance."