troperville

tools

toys


main index

Narrative

Genre

Media

Topical Tropes

Other Categories

TV Tropes Org
random
Freudian Excuse
And so, he harnessed the power of corn to wage war...

"I always wanted a fire truck when I was little. I never got one. That's why I'm evil, heheheheheh!"
Zorak, Cartoon Planet

The writers have a villain, and they want to give that character some depth. The obvious solution is to Pet the Dog. Unfortunately, that tends to make the character less scary, causing Badass Decay and Villain Decay.

Instead, writers may keep the villain just as vile as before, but reveal that they have a reason for being that way. The most popular one is the Freudian Excuse: the villain had an abusive and particularly violent childhood (such as Abusive Parents, being bullied by peers, etc.), making them insane and warping their perception on the universe, and that's why they're sociopathic Serial Killers going on a Roaring Rampage of Revenge, or why they want to destroy everything out of their misery, or why they're Straw Nihilists who adhere to The Social Darwinist philosophy that it's a Crapsack World where Might Makes Right. Sometimes, this is done for deliberate Badass Decay, but usually it isn't. The villain is as horrible as ever, only now the audience can look at them in a new way.

Unfortunately, just like a Pet the Dog moment, the Freudian Excuse sometimes fails to give a villain any depth at all. If the villain is particularly evil, it can come across as an illogical and lame Non Sequitur: "his father beat him, and that's why he's an Omnicidal Maniac." Even if the villain's crimes are proportionate, the writers have to strike a hard balance. Too much emphasis on the excuse, and it looks like they're attorneys justifying the villain. Too little, and it is a fallacious Appeal To Pity that looks like a ridiculously gratuitous scene of Wangst.

Most importantly, the Freudian Excuse does not involve the character growing or changing; it explains why they haven't changed, and in fact, often serves as a signal that they cannot and never will. Bad writers often think that the excuse can substitute for Character Development, but it does the exact opposite. Good writers know the excuse has limits, and watch them. If done shrewdly enough, it may lead the audience to Cry for the Devil. A Freudian Excuse is often invoked to explain how someone who Used to Be a Sweet Kid became such a monster instead - again, much writerly skill is generally needed to pull this off and make it poignant rather than pathetic.

The excuse however is often subverted. One way is to use it to show how pathetic a villain is — after the villain gives a Breaking Speech, a hero's classic rebuttal is "says the guy who became a hit man to work out his daddy issues." The second is for the villain to sneer at the hero's pity for them, even exploiting it in a fight. (In a Double Subversion, the villain is protesting far too much.) A third subversion is to simply present it as an explanation rather than a full excuse. Sometimes the author simply shows what warped the character into what they became without expecting the audience to feel any more sympathetic toward the character- a sort of psychological How We Got Here. And a fourth subversion is to use the Freudian Excuse as a justification for a Heel-Face Turn; if the villain gets treatment he no longer has any reason to be evil and may pay the heroes back out of gratitude.

One thing that is almost never done is to explain how far back the abuse goes. For example, if the villain was beaten by his father, was the father beaten by his father? Most shows don't care.

Many Crime and Punishment Series (and Darker and Edgier superhero comics) are notorious for Writer on Board stories deconstructing the Freudian Excuse. At least once per storyline, there will be a slimy psychiatrist or defense attorney who declares that the Neck-Chopping Killer is merely a victim of circumstances, and it's the hero who should be locked away. These stories tend to end with said psychiatrist or defense attorney getting murdered by the killer, which is depicted as poetic Irony.

Fandoms often have a tendency to create these out of whole cloth for a Draco in Leather Pants.

Takes the "It's Nurture" position of the "Nature vs. Nurture" argument. For the Nature position, see In the Blood.

See also Start of Darkness, Monster Sob Story, Jerkass Woobie, Abusive Parents, Parental Neglect, Parental Abandonment, Mommy Issues, "Well Done, Son" Guy, Single Issue Psychology, Tragic Bigot, Being Tortured Makes You Evil, Woobie, Destroyer of Worlds, and Who's Laughing Now?. In cases of Complete Monsters, the Freudian Excuse fails to justify anything, merely explain and nothing more. Not to be confused with Freud Was Right, All Psychology Is Freudian (or any of the other five or so Tropes that Sigmund Freud was the Trope Namer for, actually.)


Examples


Expansion Pack PastBackstory IndexMultiple Choice Past
The Family That Slays TogetherDysfunctional Family IndexIncest Is Relative
This Bear Was FramedBlame TropesIrrational Hatred
Fostering for ProfitThe Parent TropeGeneration Xerox
Freud Was RightPt/Índice de TraduçãoFridge Logic
Fake StaticExcuse of an IndexGas Leak Coverup
The Four LovesMotivation IndexGlory Seeker
For Your Own GoodParental IssuesGene Hunting
Freudian CouchPsychology TropesFreudian Slip
Damsel in DistressOverdosed TropesVillainous Breakdown
No Fourth WallJustForFun/Tropes of LegendFreud Was Right
Freudian CouchHollywood PsychFreudian Slip
SakiImageSource/Anime & MangaPinky Swear
French JerkCharacterization TropesFriendly Rivalry
Fallen HeroThis Index Has Had a Hard LifeHeroic BSOD
Fragile FlowerSadness TropesFrom Bad to Worse
Freak OutHeel Face IndexGoing Native
Subverted Suspicion AesopStock AesopsJustice Will Prevail

random
TV Tropes by TV Tropes Foundation, LLC is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.
Permissions beyond the scope of this license may be available from thestaff@tvtropes.org.
Privacy Policy
17780
0