Improbably Female Cast

Is every single adult male in Mid-Childa a draft dodger?
"Man, and I thought there were too many girls here before..."
Yukinari, Girls Bravo

An Improbably Female Cast is when a work's cast is dominated by women in a situation where this is incredibly unlikely. This can range from males being present in the setting but not given screen time or importance to the story, to the majority of the people in the main setting being female. (Not that the opposite is uncommon, either...) As a side effect, you can expect any male characters that do appear to gravitate to satellite status. Older women (where "older" can mean "over twenty-five") don't tend to fare much better.

There are two main reasons for a work choosing to have an Improbably Female Cast: they target a male demographic, with fanservice and the possibility of girl-girl interaction, while a younger female audience is more likely empathize with the cast. Confusion between these two motivations can easily result in a Periphery Demographic for both types of show.

Closely related to World of Action Girls, which facilitates the abundance of females. If it's a female cast but in a setting where this is probable, it's Chromosome Casting. If there are a bunch of boys around, and it's due to Moe appeal rather than because the target audience might ignore girls, it may have a Cast Full of Pretty Boys. For when an entirely female society is used as a setting (but not necessarily an excuse to have a predominantly female cast), see Lady Land. If the complete cast only looks female, you might have a case of Otokonoko Genre.


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    Anime & Manga 
  • This is a general rule of thumb for most romantic comedy and harem works where the Unlucky Everydude/Chick Magnet main character is the only male character of importance.
  • Galaxy Angel, aside from the cute boy Twin Stars and a middle-aged commander, is noticeably devoid of men. This role is usually performed by Forte whenever a gag requires a "male" equivalent, something she eventually starts complaining about. Broccoli (the production company) sometimes lampshades this in gags, notably the prince who kidnaps Milfeulle and a flashback to Usada's father, who are obviously women in really transparent disguises.
  • Str.A.In.: Strategic Armored Infantry did have male pilots, didn't they? There was Colin and Cedi, who were dead in the first episode. Carris? Dead. Dickon? Incapacitated for the Grand Finale, with very little of a role otherwise. Ralph? Big Bad, Ax-Crazy. Meanwhile the girls, other than Mary and Isabella, did mostly fine.
  • The large majority of the cast of Bodacious Space Pirates is female. There are some male characters who play supporting roles, but every important character save one is female. This is largely to do with the cast being divided into two Cast Herds - the members of the Hakouh Academy Yacht Club and the crew of the Bentenmaru. The former are all female (being from an all-girls' school), the latter are mixed gender.
  • Lyrical Nanoha :
    • As the cast kept getting larger with each season, the number of important male characters managed to go down. Chrono got shipped off with (new character) Griffith to Mission Control, which oddly enough didn't affect their female co-worker Hayate's screen time much. There's a whole meme about Yuuno slowly losing his screentime once he stopped being a cute talking ferret, and new character Erio being prominently featured has a lot to do with being a non-threatening little kid that fan-favorite Fate likes to dote on. Zafira suffered an even worse fate, since he has apparently been trapped permanently in his animal form since the beginning of the third season; even when severely injured and bedridden in the infirmary, he's still in wolf form.
    • Even the villains follow this trope. The Mad Scientist Scaglietti is male, but for some reason, except for Zest, all of his combat cyborgs and artificial mages are females. He does give a reason, albeit one with disturbing implications: he's impregnated all of them with clones of himself.
    • ViVid takes this a step further, with every major character introduced being a girl. Erio and Zafira (in a brief cameo) are the only named male characters to have made an appearance in the entire manga. At least Zafira gets to show up in his human form.
    • Force began to turn the amount of improbability back a bit by giving us a male protagonist in Touma and an antagonistic family with a male-female ratio of 3 to 4.
  • Earth's chosen Magical Girls in Tokyo Mew Mew are all, well, girls, reporting to Bishōnen.
  • Parallel Trouble Adventure Dual engaged in a bit of Lampshade Hanging with this trope, by claiming that only women were capable of piloting the series' Humongous Mecha. The lone male exception was a special case.
  • Mai-HiME has an explanation given at the very end, and it isn't pretty. Similarly for Mai-Otome, in which the Applied Phlebotinum runs on Virgin Power.
  • Queen's Blade, given the target audience and premise of the franchise, this is not surprising. There are only a few remotely significant male characters in the whole franchise, and even so they are basically token motivations (Owen and Count Vance) or enemies (Delmmore) for the female characters; basically if a man isn't a Satellite Character, he will definitely be a Cannon Fodder, a Mook, a Posthumous Character, or any other defining role that minimises the screen time spent away from the girls.
  • Simoun, due to the world they inhabit. Everyone is born feminine and can choose their adult gender at age 17.
  • The iDOLM@STER Xenoglossia. The reason they use innocent girls as pilots is to avoid the appearance of the robots being weapons, since they're only used for asteroid defence.
  • Vandread. The bulk of the cast are Space Pirates from an all-female planet. The few males are refugees/prisoners from the all-male planet. And the planets they visit are more normally gender-balanced.
  • In Yami to Boushi to Hon no Tabibito, originally a Romance Game, the role of the player is replaced by the side character Hazuki (a girl) who, in keeping with the theme, is the one with the crush on Hatsumi.
  • For some reason ARIA has absolutely no male gondoliers. Explained in the manga: gondoliers not working in tourism do tend to be men, and the appeal of the female Undines has made them a tourist attraction in themselves. The sexism in the industry makes it so that any young woman looking to steer a gondola basically has to go into tourism.
  • For some reason all the mecha pilots in Sky Girls are cute young girls. There's a reason males of the right age aren't around, but you'd think they'd be able to find people out of their teens.
  • Battle Athletes Daiundokai is focused on a prestigious, interplanetary sport event which is for girls only. Male characters are rare, mostly passive and usually much older.
  • In Silent Mobius, the special agents battling the monsters/demons from another dimension are all women. At one point, their leader offers some sort of philosophical justification about women being able to bear children and thus being the key to the future. It doesn't really hold water, especially since one of the agent is a cyborg and most certainly unable to become pregnant.
  • The eponymous warriors from Claymore are all female. There's a plot reason why, and it ain't pretty: Male Claymores had an extremely high rate of turning into giant flesh-eating monsters. As such, the only men running around with Claymore abilities are ones who have already turned.
  • In Strike Witches, which very much follows the mold of Sky Girls, only young, female mages can pilot the units that enable them to fly.
  • Koihime†Musou uses Gender Flipped versions of the cast of Romance of the Three Kingdoms essentially making all the important characters female.
  • Pani Poni Dash!
  • In Corpse Princess only girls of a certain age who die in specific circumstances can become Shikabane Hime. It is later explained, when it turns out the ritual to create them was originally developed by the founder of the Kougon Sect to resurrect his dead daughter.
  • Kurogane Pukapuka Tai manages to have only one recurring male character, the old, Zen Master-like Captain of the Unebi. No explanation is given except that the cruiser's intended crew were all taken ill with typhoid and a substitute crew had to be found; why these would be all women is not even given a Hand Waving justification, although a shortage of military-age men in 1943 might be one.
  • The only boys, aside from the adults which rarely appear, in Higurashi: When They Cry are Keiichi and Satoshi.
  • Hayate × Blade uses the all girl school version. The only male character with any plot significance is the father of one of the characters. Even most of the parents who have shown up so far have been female.
  • Yamabuki High School in Hidamari Sketch is supposed to be coeducational, but males happened to only occupy a third of the student body. The only recurring male characters in the series is just the principal and an art teacher.
  • Miyuki-chan in Wonderland. Not a male character in sight! (Kinda makes sense, as it's a lesbian parody of Alice's Adventures in Wonderland — among other things, in the manga.)
  • K-On! has exactly one male character: Ritsu's little brother. Even when the band goes to a live show, most of the other bands are also all female.
  • Due to the game-changing Powered Armor being only usable by females, every major character in Infinite Stratos is female. Except for Ichika, the one male who can use the armor. The school has no male staff, and no prominent males appear in the town the school is set in.
  • Parodied in the Excel Saga episode "Increase Ratings Week", in which all the female characters are drawn in moe style (as they go to a swimming pool, which just so happens to be populated by characters catering to nearly every fetish imaginable) and all the male characters are forced offscreen (much to their displeasure).
  • The World God Only Knows has a male protagonist, two very minor recurring male characters, and a helluva lot of girls. This makes sense, considering the show's premise.
  • Black★Rock Shooter. While the manga and videogames have a decent number of males involved the original version had none whatsoever. The anime followed this by only having men be bit parts in the real world, and completely absent in the imaginary one. Mato lampshades it in episode 4 of the OVA, noting that her Psychic Dreams for Everyone dreams of the Otherworld tend to be full of a lot of girls.
  • The 1121st Platoon in So Ra No Wo To consists entirely of young women. Other soldiers that show up later (except the one the protagonists capture) are mostly male, though; it's implied that individual platoons are intentionally single-gender. The 1121st Platoon is traditionally always composed of five women, as a callback to the mythical Flame Maidens who protected the city from a demon.
  • Tetragrammaton Labyrinth has only one named male character when you'd think there'd be more considering the manga is about fighting demons. The again it is Yuri Genre.
  • Azumanga Daioh, despite being set at co-ed school, has only 3 named male characters and 2 of them are animals.
  • Trinity Seven has a magical school setting. It justifies the lack of male mages by stating that magic is based on emotions and since males are often more logic-based are much fewer in number.
  • All Sailor Senshi in the Sailor Moon universe are explicitly women. Men may possess Star Seeds or Sailor Crystals, but they can only be planetary princes, never senshi. The fifth season skirtsnote  this gender requirement (much to the manga writer's annoyance) by introducing the Sailor Starlights, normally female senshi who become men in their civilian form so as to better find their princess as male pop idols (and to create drama via romantic tension).
  • The 108 battle aliens of Sekirei are almost entirely female, with only four known males out of the more than 50 already introduced. The males are all insanely pretty Bishōnen, and one ends up becoming a Gender Bender because of his unstable powers. A somewhat more balanced example, in that there are several prominent male characters in the form of the Ashikabi, but they tend towards being Non Action Guys who stand on the sidelines while their Magical Girlfriends battle each other.
  • In Yuru-Yuri the full cast is female, and crowded places almost never feature males.
  • In Girls und Panzer, there are almost no male characters aside from crowd scenes. And the few male speaking roles on screen are generally limited to less than a minute or two. This despite the fact that it's about tank battles, an arbitrarily feminine pursuit in-universe.
  • In Hyper Dimension Neptunia The Animation, there are almost no male characters, aside from villains. Even virtually all of the civilians throughout the show are women, which makes it a bit strange when there are no male soldiers or cops around.
  • Sakura Trick actually takes place in a co-ed school, but it's very easy to mistake it for a One-Gender School. The boys are conveniently all on the opposite side of the classroom, and so Out of Focus that even when they appear, they're Faceless Masses.
  • Tokurei Sochi Dantai Stella Jogakuin Kōtō-ka C³-bu is about competitive airsoft (mock gunfights). There are plenty of male players...somewhere. They usually don't stand a chance against the female stars or their female rivals, so only the girls get more than a few seconds of screentime.
  • Variable Geo's plot centers around an MMA competition for combat waitresses. As such, it's open to women only. The only males featured in the story are Satomi's ill brother, Daisuke, Damian, who works for The Jahana Group, and the mysterious old man who offers Yuka advice.
  • There are only two reoccurring males in Youre Under Arrest in contrast to the five women, with typically only one of them being a part of the episodes.
  • Other than a magical pet, Puella Magi Madoka Magica has only three NAMED male characters - the title character's dad and little brother (who are practically nonexistent after the first episode), and another main character's love interest (who exists mostly as a Satellite Character). The five primary characters are all female; the aforementioned magical pet is usually referred to as male, but has a female voice actor and is closer to Ambiguous Gender than anything else. Word of God says it has no gender. Most followup material only tips the scales further; Suzune Magica, for instance, features no named male characters at all.
  • There are literally no named male humans in Yuki Yuna Is a Hero. There are barely any characters besides the Hero Club, though we see boys in the classroom scenes. It's revealed that only girls can be Heroes because only young girls can be Human Sacrifices to Shinju-sama.
    • Supplementary material reveals that Karin has an older brother named Harunobu who works for the Taisha. He never appears in person, though.
  • Justified in School-Live!. The girls are the only survivors in their school after a Zombie Apocalypse hits. They can't go far from the area and it's unknown how many survivors there are in their town.
  • In Unlimited Fafnir, Yuu is the only known male with a D marking, which allows him to summon anti-matter and use it to create weapons with. As a result, he is transferred to Midgar, an all-girls school where they are all D as well.
  • Subverted in High School DXD. The school Issei attends is predominantly female, having been an all-girl's academy until a couple of years ago, and the Occult Research Club turns out to have only one other guy, this his absolute delight. After this setup, the scope of the series expands drastically beyond said school, and significant figures in the story (outside Issei's Battle Harem) have a fairly even gender ratio.

     Comic Books  

  • Small Favors only shows young attractive women even during the crowd scenes of a supposedly normal city. No men are even mentioned.
  • "La Bionda"/"The Blonde" has an occasional male, and in one story a boy general (overshot with the youth serum) but is overwhelmingly populated by women.
  • DC Comics's Animesque series Ame-Comi Girls is set in a world where almost all major heroes and villains are female.
  • Enforced(?) in issue 100 of Birds of Prey when Oracle decides to enlarge the team after Black Canary's departure. She recruits only female agents, even though a) she had recruited male agents in previous issues (Savant, Creote, Wildcat) and b) even though it would have made a lot of sense to recruit certain male agents (the mission was to break someone out of prison, and Oracle recruited Barda Free but not her husband Scott Free, the world's greatest escape artist, without any explanation as to why Scott was unavailable or what-have-you).


  • Women make up an overwhelming number of the major characters in the Spanish Pedro Almodóvar film All About My Mother, and not all of them were assigned female at birth. Even the protagonist's son's biological father turns out to be a Cross Dresser.
  • Volver doesn't take it as far as the above film, but it does have a large female majority in the cast.
  • The 2012 horror film The Pact (no connection with the novel of the same name) also has a large female majority in the cast; it is not until a third of the way through the movie that a male character even speaks on screen, and in that conversation with the heroine he immediately brings up his offscreen daughter.
  • The 1939 film version of The Women, like the play, has an all-female cast. Although the males are much talked about, and the central theme is the women's relationships with them, no males appear; background characters, pets, and even portraits hanging on walls are female. The only exception is a photograph of a bull.

  • In the Discworld book Monstrous Regiment, it's implied that a good majority of the Borogravian military consists of cross-dressing females who have fooled almost everyone, including each other. In fact, only three soldiers are confirmed male: Lieutenant Blouse, who tells the other regiment members that they could never pull off dressing as female; Paul, Polly's older brother; and the man who supposedly got Shufti pregnant (though she rejected him). Everyone (except Blouse) in the eponymous regiment is female. Hell, it's revealed at the end of the book that the masculine Jackrum is actually a woman and has been faking for so long that she's more comfortable as a male. S/he even goes to visit his/her son and tell him that s/he is his father. At first, you're led to believe that it's really a Cast Full of Pretty Boys, but nope. It's implied to be because Borogravia has been at war for so long that there literally aren't any men left.
  • A Brother's Price looks this way, but it's actually explained in-book that birth rates in that world are very skewed. In theory nine girls are born for every boy, but in practice any family with that ratio among their children is seen as having an unusually fertile husband.
  • The core ensemble of Destructive Harmonics consists of an all-female metal band and their female manager. The supporting cast is a bit more even but still female-dominated.
  • The Marags in The Belgariad. Not that there were no men, the women just outnumbered the men more than four to one. This is because their God had an absolute fascination with... relationships between two individuals of opposite sexes, among other things.

     Toys and Collectibles  

  • The various Pinky:st figurines. Every last released figure has been female (with the exceptions being Akito/Agito Wanijima and Yuuichi Kannami).
  • Monster High consists mostly of the daughters of Universal Monsters, with four male characters (three if you count Jackson Jekyll and Holt Hyde as the same person) against eight female characters. The disparity comes in when you count how many times the female characters pop up in different lines compared to the males - Deuce is the only male who has appeared in a second line after his introduction.
  • In Takara's CYGirls, only the two cyborgs were male.

     Video Games  

  • Arcana Heart is an all-girl Fighting Game.
  • Advanced Variable Geo is another all-female fighting game series, which was later adapted into a 3-part OVA. The basic premise is the same, in that it's about an MMA competition for combat waitresses, but the key story elements of the games differ from those of the anime adaptation.
  • Skullgirls starts out as an example — all eight of the initial characters, and at least two more that were announced prior to release, are female. The creators later introduced two male characters (Big Band and Beowulf) as DLC. Lampshaded before each match: as the announcer yells, "Ladies and Gentlemen", a question mark appears after "Gentlemen".
  • SNK Gals Fighters has an all-female cast of characters from various SNK games...except for the endboss "Miss X", who is clearly Iori Yagami with a face mask in drag.
  • Touhou contains about 130 characters, yet only two named male characters have ever appeared in the games, both of which are not humanoid, and the Expanded Universe contains one mildly notable Non-Action Guy who narrates a series of short stories. Statements from ZUN imply that this is less of a personal decision and more implicitly enforced, as Touhou has become so strongly linked with "cute girls beating the snot out of each other" that adding any men would wreck that dynamic. He mentioned that the Final Boss of Undefined Fantastic Object was originally going to be Byakuren's brother Myouren, but then decided the Final Boss of a Touhou game being an old man would be weird. In later games, Miko is a Gender Flipped Prince Shotoku, and Shinmyoumaru is based on Issun-boshi.
  • Rumble Roses. It's the only wrestling game that has an actual mudwrestling fight. Advertised right on the box, no less.
  • Your party in the story mode of the flash Turn-Based Strategy game Zening will most of the time have more women than men. At one point, a player will have six women and one man in the party. There are also times where the party is composed entirely of women.
  • The online game Blade Mistress is an aptly named version of this trope. Apparently it was done as a There Are No Girls on the Internet joke.
  • The SNES game Seifuku Densetsu Pretty Fighter.
  • Eternal Fighter Zero is another all-girl doujin fighting game.
  • Neptunia is an all-girl Eastern RPG series where Console Wars is literally the premise of the game. The second game gave us three male characters who aren't even human.
  • RosenkreuzStilette is a Mega Man-inspired Doujin game, except with Moe girls instead of robots.
  • For no known reason, all the Savior candidates in Duel Savior Destiny are female, so everyone is absolutely shocked when the Lovable Sex Maniac Taiga ends up as one. It turns out to be because they really are supposed to only be girls. Males are not capable of the creation side of what the true Messiah is supposed to do and can only destroy things. If Taiga were to become the true Messiah like he intends, the world would end.
  • Kenji of Katawa Shoujo lampshades how unlikely it is that such a huge percentage of the students at the Protagonist's school aren't just girls, but cute girls as well... Being himself, he of course ties it to the great "Feminist Conspiracy" he's always ranting about.
  • In the online game Scarlet Blade the only playable classes are all female.
    • Later updates have pretended to address the issue, which was intended all along originally. This is even worse for those of a masculine leaning, however, as the male class (Yes, being male is a class all its own) is still spoken to like any of the female classes.. complete with pervy male NPC chatter aimed at them.
  • Galaxy Angel, much like the anime. The men are put in Mission Control, with an Unlucky Everydude, his Lancer and best friend, and various crew members that are either old mentors or cute little boys, and one of those boys is a Sweet Polly Oliver.
  • Final Fantasy X-2 was the first and to date only Final Fantasy game to have an all or even female-majority main cast.
  • Senran Kagura has an entirely female (and incredibly bouncy) playable cast, despite two of the major factions explicitly accepting anyone who walks in off the street. However, it's repeatedly stated that it's not like men can't become Shinobi, two important support characters are retired men, and active male shnobi appear as unnamed NPCs during story sequences. It's just that the handful of focus stundents from each school happen to be female.
    This trope actually affected the nomenclature used, at least in official English releases. The characters are always referred to as Shinobi. While Kunoichi is an accepted reasonably well-known term for female ninja, it carries the connotation of using deception and feminine wiles, which Shinobi just don't do.

     Web Comics  
  • In the first chapter of Alpha Shade, set in a war, nearly all the important soldiers on both sides were women, although crowd photos appeared to be mostly male.
  • In Earthsong 8 of the 9 protagonists are female. The author was rather angry when this drew complaints and / or suggestions of not being realistic, and pointed out how common The Smurfette Principle is, plus the fact that said cast is drawn from multiple species on multiple planets.
  • Collar 6 for a long time went without any named male characters at all. There was one guy in the side-story, males in flashbacks but that was it. Until the arc introduced three of them at once - a male agent working with the protagonists, one antagonist and Mistress Butterfly's husband, whom she succeeded in releasing.
  • The Dragon Doctors. The first case the Doctors solve in the series is a cursed valley with a statue in the center that caused all visitors and inhabitants to become permanently female. The doctors themselves were hit by this curse before they managed to destroy the statue, so most of them are stuck as women. Most of the comic takes place in Tinto, the town next-door to the valley, but it also has a large female population as a sociological side-effect of the curse; rescue workers, police officers, delivery workers and anyone else with a high-mobility job is female in case they need to pass through or near to the valley.
  • Electric Wonderland started out with three girls and one guy. The main roster consists of five girls and two guys, one of whom is Too Dumb to Live. The unequal skewing towards girls in the cast got lampshaded once.
  • Amazoness has a cast full of Amazon lesbians who view men with disdain. When a captured slave turns out to be male (but very girly looking) the queen herself has to interfere to stop him being killed. Many of the Amazons view a male and female having a relationship as a perversion. According to the author, the absence of men is partially because the author feels men are harder to draw.
  • Last Res0rt has men aplenty and is otherwise even-handed, but a lot of the primary characters (Jigsaw, Daisy, Addy, Veled, etc.) are female. The main reason is that one of the main subplots involves the Galaxy Girl Scouts, which many of these characters are affiliated with.
  • Wapsi Square has barely any male characters at all.
  • Karin-dou 4koma has been running since the start of 2010, and in that time, only six males have ever appeared—and only token appearances, at that.
  • Threading has only female characters and Word of God says it will probably stay that way.
  • Eerie Cuties/Magick Chicks: Between the two comics Shared Universe, the cast is predominantly female, with only five male characters between them: Ace, Kade, Blair, Dio, and Ash. Of the five, only Ace and Blair appear often enough to be considered regulars. The girls outnumber the guys by about 3:1.

    Web Original 
  • In Carmilla The Series all five main characters are women, and only two or three men have been seen on-screen (depending on whether JP counts as an appearance).
    • Played with in the case of LaFontaine, who per Word of God is non-binary, but so far hasn't come out to the rest of the cast in-universe.

     Western Animation  
  • Out of over 60 recurring characters on My Little Pony, only three are male. And except for Spike, all of them were invented solely for the TV series; talk about girl toys. There are male ponies, but they only show up in one story; they've been on "a race around the world" the entire rest of the series. According to one of the comics, the baby ponies come out of Majesty's magic mirror.
    • The G4 incarnation Friendship Is Magic has Spike as the sole male main character alongside the six main girls, and a literal handful of recurring secondary and minor male characters such as Big McIntosh, Shining Armor, Snips and Snails, and Discord.
    • The toy line has always been more gender-balanced than the cartoon adaptations. Back in G1 there were some 20 or so male ponies, stallions and colts, and it was made explicit that ponies can breed normally (as seen by the "families"). My Little Pony Tales and the later G2 line had male ponies as much as female ponies but by G3 stallions were nonexistent. Chances are, the male pony toys just didn't sell as well.

Alternative Title(s):

Pink Bishojo Ghetto, Pink Bishoujo Ghetto, Cast Full Of Pretty Girls