[[quoteright:300:[[Anime/MagicalGirlLyricalNanohaStrikerS http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/NanohaStrikersCast.jpg]]]]
[[caption-width-right:300:Is every single adult male in Mid-Childa a [[DraftDodging draft dodger?]]]]

->''"Man, and I thought there were too many girls here ''before...''"''
-->-- '''Yukinari''', ''Manga/GirlsBravo''

An Improbably Female Cast is when a work's cast almost entirely consists of women in a situation where this would be unusual. For example, a supposedly mixed-sex school where females make up more than two thirds of the students.

It has been argued that the main reasons for a work choosing to have an Improbably Female Cast are: they target [[AllMenArePerverts a male demographic]], with {{fanservice}} and the possibility of [[GirlOnGirlIsHot girl-girl interaction]]; or they target a female audience that is more likely to empathize with a predominantly female cast. Confusion between these two motivations can easily result in a PeripheryDemographic for both types of show. The writer may have wanted to tell a story about women outside of a traditional female role, to emphasize a fictional society in which this would not be unusual, or have been forced by ExecutiveMeddling to add an unusual situation to provide excitement or appeal to a male audience.

Note that the mere fact of a story focusing on a group of women in a larger setting is itself not an ''Improbably'' Female Cast; it can occur only when the cast is intended to represent the entire or majority membership of a group and yet with no explanation most are female. For example, a work where the cast comprises the entire student body of a mixed-sex school, yet women are more than two thirds of the students, is an improbably female cast. The same may also apply if the cast is an entire year group (a substantial division) or a single form group (a representative group). However, a story about a group of female friends in the setting of a mixed-sex school is ''not'' Improbably Female; it's simply a story about those particular characters, and the focus on that group makes no assertion about gender balance in the wider setting.

The Spear Counterpart is so [[TheBechdelTest incredibly common]] it would be near impossible to list all the examples. Its extreme Spear version is TheSmurfettePrinciple, where there is ''only one'' woman in a cast of men.

Closely related to WorldOfActionGirls, which facilitates the abundance of women. Any examples of casts made up exclusively of female characters (regardless of how improbable) fall under ChromosomeCasting.

For when an entirely female society is used as a setting, see LadyLand. If the complete cast only ''looks'' female, you might have a case of OtokonokoGenre.



[[folder:Anime & Manga]]
* ''Anime/GalaxyAngel'' is a parody of a galactic peacekeeping force that, for some reason, is entirely made up of cute girls - aside from the cute boy Twin Stars and a middle-aged commander. The role is usually performed by Forte whenever a gag requires a "male" equivalent, something she eventually starts complaining about. Broccoli (the production company) sometimes lampshades this in gags, notably the prince who kidnaps Milfeulle and a flashback to [[Anime/DiGiCharat Usada]]'s father, who are obviously women in really transparent disguises.
* In ''Manga/SilentMobius'', the special agents battling the monsters/demons from another dimension are all women. At one point, their leader offers some sort of philosophical justification about women being able to bear children and thus being the key to the future. It doesn't really hold water, especially since one of the agent is a cyborg and most certainly unable to become pregnant.
* ''Manga/KuroganePukapukaTai'' featured an Imperial Japanese cruiser in World War II that is entirely crewed by women, except for the only one recurring male character, the old, Zen Master-like Captain of the ''Unebi''. No explanation is given except that the cruiser's intended crew were all taken ill with typhoid and a substitute crew had to be found; why these would be all women is not explained, although a shortage of military-age men in 1943 might be one.
* Parodied in the ''Anime/ExcelSaga'' episode "Increase Ratings Week", in which all the female characters are drawn in {{moe}} style (as they go to a swimming pool, which just so happens to be populated by characters catering to nearly every fetish imaginable) and all the male characters are forced offscreen (much to their displeasure).
* In ''Anime/HyperDimensionNeptuniaTheAnimation'' as with its video game equivalent, all the characters representing personifications of parts of the (male-dominated) game industry are girls.
* ''Manga/GunslingerGirl'' explains why all the assassins are children [[note]]Older minds are unable to adjust to the cyborg process. Younger minds are more flexible, and they still have trouble.[[/note]], but it never explains why there aren't any young boy assassins.
* ''Geneshaft'' features a society openly declared to be 90% female. Justified in that the entire society is genetically engineered to have a 1:9 female-male ration because women are seen as easier for society to control (and also because it allows the few male characters to have a SupportingHarem and, in the case of evil characters, to easily prove that they WouldHitAGirl)
* ''Franchise/LyricalNanoha'' delves more and more into this with each season.
** You see that redhead at the far right of the page image? He is one of only three major male characters in the entirety of ''[[Anime/MagicalGirlLyricalNanohaStrikers StrikerS]]'', and he gets the least amount of character development. And this was a season with [[LoadsAndLoadsOfCharacters so many characters]] that the character page had to be split in three.
** ''[[Manga/MagicalGirlLyricalNanohaVivid ViVid]]'' takes it even further since it only introduced ''one'' new male character, and they've been dead for hundreds of years. During the tournament arc (which was open to both genders) there wasn't a single male entrant to be found, not even among the extras.
** ''Anime/VividStrike'' continues the trend, only introducing two male characters. One of them is a SatelliteCharacter and the other [[PosthumousCharacter is dead]].
* ''Manga/NewGame'' is about a game studio and its staff. While in real life one you expect the industry to be male-dominated, the cast is completely female. The internal justification being the manager Shizuku is a bit of a lesbian CovertPervert; she'd prefer hiring those who'd be cute enough so that she'd forgive their mistakes if the need arises.
* ''Anime/SakuraQuest'' follows in the footsteps of its [[Anime/{{Shirobako}} predecessor]] by featuring a main cast of five females but an equal number of male to female characters in the series. Unlike ''Shirobako'', however, the girls aren't working in an industry that's heavily male-dominated in real life, being basically publicity actors and PR workers for a tourism board, which in RealLife tend toward hiring young, attractive women for those positions, therefore successfully {{avert|edTrope}}ing this trope.
* ''Anime/{{Shirobako}}'', about a [[FourGirlEnsemble Five Girl Ensemble]] working in the anime industry appears to {{avert|edTrope}} this at first. Despite the protagonists all being female and many other female supporting characters appearing in roles such as art and administration, there are plenty of important male side characters, too, in almost equal numbers. In real life, anime production unfortunately still has an improbably ''male'' cast, except for voice actors, meaning a 50/50 gender ratio still qualifies for this trope. The main characters also formed a coincidentally all-female animation club in high school.
* Anime/QueensBlade is a [[{{Fanservice}} Fanservice-Fuel]] MedievalEuropeanFantasy with all the important characters, including protagonists and antagonists, being all females. Male characters seems to exist only as [[LivingProp living props]] or as [[FlatCharacter flat characters]] serving as living plot devices.
* Everyone in ''Anime/KemonoFriends'' is female. Presumably has something to do with how [[LittleBitBeastly Friends]] are created.
* In the world of ''Anime/LittleWitchAcademia'', one hundred percent of magic-users are female. There are male {{muggle}} characters, and even male magical creatures... but no wizards, only witches. No one in-universe ever points this out or provides any sort of explanation, so there have probably never been any wizards--making the whole situation [[MundaneFantastic unremarkable]] to those living in it.
* {{Justified|Trope}} in ''Manga/UraraMeirocho''; since only women have the power to become diviners and only diviners can live in Meirocho, the resident population of Meirocho consists entirely of girls and women. Played straight, however, in the portrayals of visitors as few men are seen among them.
* ''Manga/YuruYuri'' exaggerates this to the point where even among ''background characters'' there are no visible male characters, even in places where they should logically be (one chapter takes place in Comiket, for example).
* Justified in ''Manga/SeitokaiYakuindomo'' with Ousai Academy, which just switched over to being co-ed, meaning that only 28 of the 552 students are male.

[[folder: Comic Books]]
* Enforced in issue 100 of ''ComicBook/BirdsOfPrey'' when Oracle decides to enlarge the team after Black Canary's departure. She recruits only female agents, even though a) she had recruited male agents in previous issues (Savant, Creote, Wildcat) and b) even though it would have made a lot of sense to recruit certain male agents (the mission was to break someone out of prison, and Oracle recruited Barda Free but not her husband Scott Free, the world's greatest escape artist, without any explanation as to why Scott was unavailable).
** ''BirdsOfPrey'' is also an example of the PeripheryDemographic that an all-female casts can invoke. Is it a series written for girls by having an all-female superhero team? Or is the audience mostly men who read for the attractive female characters and the occasional GirlOnGirlIsHot? Some men expressed suspicion when [[SuddenlySexuality Black Canary was made bisexual]] because of this, despite the female writer Gail Simone having repeatedly commented on the importance of organic media representation of all kind of gender & sexuality.
* The genderflip AU in ''Comicbook/StarTrekIDW''. It's established that this universe's Starfleet is vaguely sexist (and not ironically reversed sexism, but the regular kind) and some in Command have doubts about Jane T. Kirk's captaincy based on this. And yet somehow it's worked out that the whole command crew is female except Nnamdi Uhuro and Jason Rand.

[[folder: Literature]]
* Almost all characters in ''Literature/MyVampireOlderSisterAndZombieLittleSister'' are female, the only major exception being the main character Satori. In the case of the non-human characters, all of the major ones are female, the only males being {{Mooks}} and/or off-screen.

[[folder: Podcast ]]
* Every character with a "speaking role" (although nearly every episode is voiced entirely by Wren) in ''{{Spines}}'' is either female or nonbinary (in the case of Shan). Overlaps with EveryoneIsBi and EveryoneIsGay: when characters relationships are referenced, only one is heterosexual. [[spoiler:And the fruit of that relationship leads to mass slaughter and possibly the end of the world.]]

[[folder: Video Games ]]
* Kenji of ''VisualNovel/KatawaShoujo'' lampshades how unlikely it is that such a huge percentage of the students at the Protagonist's school aren't just girls, but cute girls as well... Being [[ConspiracyTheorist himself]], he of course ties it to the great "Feminist Conspiracy" he's always ranting about.
* ''VideoGame/GalaxyAngel'', much like [[Anime/GalaxyAngel the anime]]; to some extent it lampshades and parodies the trope. The men are put in MissionControl, with an UnluckyEverydude, his [[TheLancer Lancer]] and best friend, and various crew members that are either old {{mentors}} or cute little boys, [[spoiler:and one of those boys is a SweetPollyOliver.]]
* ''VideoGame/{{Touhou}}'' has few male characters, one appearing in a manga, one being a turtle, one being an angry [[RealMenWearPink pink]] [[MadeOfAir cloud]], and one in the [[CanonDiscontinuity PC-98 era]]. ZUN has stated that male youkai and magicians and whatnot do exist in Gensokyo, but the stories just don't feature them. It's becoming an EnforcedTrope, at that, as ZUN originally intended the FinalBoss of ''Undefined Fantastic Object'' to be a man, but discarded that idea because he wasn't sure how well it would go over.
* ''VideoGame/KhimeraDestroyAllMonsterGirls''. It's right in the title. The only male character of note is the unnamed scientist who created the titular chimera.
* ''VideoGame/SakuraDungeon'', though it'd be just as truthful to say that the game has an [[CastFullOfGay Improbably Lesbian Cast]].

[[folder: Web Comics ]]
* In the first chapter of ''Webcomic/AlphaShade'', set in a parallel Earth in the World War 1 era, nearly all the important soldiers on ''both'' sides are women, although crowd photos appeared to be mostly male. There is no explanation of why there are so many female soldiers, given that there were actually very few in UsefulNotes/WW1.

[[folder: Western Animation ]]
* Many villages and settings in ''Franchise/MyLittlePony'' are populated entirely by females. Justified in that the male ponies are on "a race around the world" for most of the series and, according to one of the comics, baby ponies come out of [[AWizardDidIt Majesty's magic mirror]].
* This is in effect in ''WesternAnimation/MyLittlePonyFriendshipIsMagic'', at least in terms of the ponies. While there do exist competent and important males, all five members of the alicorn race (of which the four adults lead Equestria, partially by virtue of their race) are female, as are all six of the ponies that bonded with the world-saving artifacts used to repeatedly save the world. This is much less true of other races, which have or had male leaders (dragons, griffons), or which have only had male examples (draconequi, diamond dogs).
* Many of the Franchise/{{Barbie}} DirectToVideo movies border on this. Although they are usually adaptations of fairy tales with female protagonists, many of the villains and secondary characters end up female as well.