"When the soul of a man is born in this country, there are nets flung at it to hold it back from flight. You talk to me of nationality, language, religion. I shall try to fly by those nets."Maybe their home is a Dying Town or The Old Country, maybe they live in an urban ghetto, or maybe most people are just bored with life Down on the Farm. Hardly anyone seems to want to live there, but finances, family obligations or lack of will to leave keep most people there for good. But every so often, there's one who makes it out - maybe an incredible talent proved their ticket out of there. Maybe they won their way to a great, faraway college or to a lucrative job... but sometimes they just up and leave. Peers and elders in the town usually admire them for their tenacity, but tend to resent them for leaving if the community isn't as close-knit. Impressionable youngsters, though, might look up to them and get ideas of maybe leaving one day themselves. Expect, for the hero after achieving success to come back home and find out how much or how little is changed, as well as why You Can't Go Home Again. This story is a particular fascination in several American films, books and plays partly because of its close relationship to The American Dream, the promise that anyone in America can transcend their origins and roots to get where they want to go. Character trope. Can overlap with The Runaway, Social Climber, Working-Class Hero.
—Stephen Dedalus, A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man.
ExamplesAnime and Manga
- Jack Atlas of Yu-Gi-Oh! 5D's, who did it by betraying Yusei in his backstory.
- Gary is one of these early in Pokémon. For example: Before Gold/Silver were announced, he shows off 10 badges when anyone who played the game knew you could only get 8. Additionally, he has a chauffeur and is always accompanied by fangirls and his own cheerleader squad.
- Hojo and Asami, the main characters of Sanctuary, escaped from the Killing Fields of Cambodia under Khmer Rouge as children, and work together to reform the political system of Japan, one from "on top" as a diet member, and one from "underneath" as a yakuza boss. Atypically, they claim that they didn't make it out of Cambodia because they were clever or driven, but because they were lucky.
- Depending on the Writer, continuity reboot status, medium, etc., in various permutations of the Superman franchise, Clark Kent is occasionally given this treatment for having made it from Smallville to Metropolis.
- Part of the reason the Yancy Street Gang initially hated the Thing in Fantastic Four is that Ben Grimm is a former Yancy Streeter who got out, and they think he's forgotten his roots.
- In Black Lightning, Jefferson Pierce is the one who made it out of the ghetto and then came back to teach in the high school and help others make it out.
- Since Luke Cage became a globally prominent superhero, some characters have occasionally accused him of forgetting his roots as a hero of the downtrodden in New York City. He doesn't take it very kindly, especially not when a young upstart uses this to justify taking up Luke's abandoned "Power Man" codename.
- In The Authority, Angie Spica came from a lower-class background where her dad drove a bus and all of her sisters ended up pregnant before they finished high school. She escaped the same fate by applying herself to her studies, replacing her blood with nine pints of liquid machinery (which transformed her into the superhero known as the Engineer), and travelling back in time to turn Jenny Sparks into a Century Baby so that she could go on to recruit the future members of the Authority.
- In X-Statix, Phat supposedly comes from a lower-class background before getting spotted by a recruiter for X-Force. In reality, he came from the suburbs, and his old neighborhood is less than thrilled by how he portrays in interviews, resulting in him getting the shit kicked out of him when he tries to go home.
- October Sky: Homer Hickam especially, but all of the rocket boys qualify. Their small West Virginia town is proud of them for their success.
- In Sweet Home Alabama, the lead got away from her country life to make it big in New York but then has to go home to a The City vs. the Country plot.
- Don't Be a Menace to South Central While Drinking Your Juice in the Hood: Parodied when Malik first arrives at college, but is shot by "The Man".
- Inverted in Good Will Hunting, where mathematics prodigy Will Hunting wants to stay in Southie but his friends desperately want him to use his gifts to become the one who gets out.
- Elements of this trope pop up in Billy Elliot. His father is eventually faced with the decision to stay loyal to the union and their strike, or become a scab to earn enough money to let his son follow his dream of dancing and make it out of their harsh life in a desperately poor community.
- In The Departed, Jack Nicholson's mob boss Costello announces, "I don't want to be a product of my environment, I want my environment to be a product of me."
- Theodore Dreiser's An American Tragedy shows the doomed attempts made by hero Clyde Griffiths to get out of his ghetto. He succeeds for a time, but his past and own moral failings end up bringing him down. His lover Roberta Alden is also a tragic example of the same.
- Janice and Larry, the older Grape siblings from What's Eating Gilbert Grape. They only come back for Arnie's birthday party at the end of the book.
- In the Doctor Who Expanded Universe Elseworld novel The Infinity Doctors, some young Gallifreyans treat the Doctor as this, and are bemused as to why he has come back.
- In Discworld, Lancre is "the place people come from to become successful somewhere else" (usually Ankh-Morpork). Opera singer Enrico Basilica grew up in Rookery Yard, in the Shades, where "you could fight your way out, or you could sing your way out" (or you could get out by going through an alley into Shamlegger Street, but no-one came to anything going that way).
- The non-fiction book In Search Of Respect: Selling Crack in El Barrio follows the lives of Puerto Rican crack dealers in El Barrio. One managed to make it out, getting through high school (a rarity in the neighbourhood at the time) and college (almost unheard of) to make it into the middle class and move into a safer neighbourhood. He had to be careful going back home to adopt all his old mannerisms so that he wasn't ostracized, and had to keep his background hidden from his wealthy neighbours when at home.
- This is Mahlia's life's goal in The Drowned Cities. She is desperate to make it out of the war-torn Wretched Hive she lives in. She manages to do it by the end, bringing a whole pack of soldier boys along for the ride.
- In Francine Rivers’ Redeeming Love, Angel is the only prostitute that escapes the brothel she lived in at the beginning of the story. This is partially because there was a fire that killed most of them a few weeks after Angel left. Near the novel’s end, she begins working to subvert this trope by beginning a ministry that helps girls who have been sold into prostitution by teaching them skills that will help them integrate into society as self-sufficient and upstanding women.
- Beka Cooper and her friend Tansy make it out of the slum in Provost's Dog in different ways. Beka helps the Lord Provost arrest a gang that threatened his career, so he takes in her family to repay her. Tansy marries Herun Lofts, the Nice Guy son of the richest (and nastiest) man in the Lower City.
- Blke Thorburn of Pact is the only one of his extended family to make it out of the toxic environment that their Big, Screwed-Up Family became over an inheritance conflict, with dubiously-legal acts of sabotage and spiteful manipulation abounding. In an inversion of the usual, Blake ended up homeless in Toronto, where he was brutally beaten more than once, and by the start of the story has only just managed to claw his way up to "dirt poor." He still considers it better than coming home.
- Although this is often an American trope, James Joyce, explored it in a specifically Irish context as well. In his short stories, Dubliners, and A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man.
- Factors into the Survivor's Guilt felt by Sean in Mystic River, since unlike his friends Jimmy and Dave he actually made it out of the fictional poverty-stricken neighborhood of Boston where they grew up and made it as a cop.
- In The Absolutely True Diary of a Part-Time Indian, the protagonist realizes that if he stays in his American Indian reserve, he'll lose hope and go nowhere like everyone else in the reservation. He is encouraged to go to an off-reserve school (where the education is better than in the reserve) by a teacher who helps him see this.
- Afterschool Special: Subverted in "15 and Getting Straight," a 1989 "ABC Afterschool Special" starring Drew Barrymore, Corey Feldman and David Birney about junkies in a 12-step drug counseling program. A teen named Rick seems to have made tremendous progress and is mentoring some of the other teens who are in denial about their problem. The subversion is played as irony ... in the end, the lead counselor (Birney) comes in one day and announces to the group that Rick had overdosed on a new drug. Rick had run into some old friends and was trying to tell them to go away, but they persisted in getting him to try the drug and immediately had a seizure. The counselor – himself an ex-drug user – tells the group "I would have bet money" on Rick's future success in staying straight; instead, Rick is dead ... and – in playing the trope straight and part of this episode's irony – all of the other teenagers who had been in denial are successful in their resolve to stay straight.
- Tasha Yar of Star Trek: The Next Generation was originally from a post-apocalyptic planet but managed to get into Starfleet. Ro Laren similarly managed to escape from the Cardassian Occupation of Bajor.
- This is a major theme in Justified. Harlan County is very poor and many of the characters dream of leaving and starting a better life somewhere else. However, few actually follow through with this.
- Raylan Givens is actually one of the characters who actually made it out of Harlan. Faced with either working in the coal mine for the rest of his life or becoming a criminal like his father, he left Kentucky and became a U.S. marshal. He is understandably quite unhappy that when he is assigned to the Kentucky office at the beginning of the series.
- Bowman Crowder and his wife Ava wanted to get out of Harlan and believed that as a local football star Bowman would get a college scholarship and then have a professional sports career. When it turned out that he was not good enough for a scholarship, he went to work in the coal mine and became an Abusive Spouse. After Ava kills Bowman she has a chance to leave Kentucky but decides to stay. When Ava finally gets away from Kentucky, she is a fugitive wanted for murder.
- The main motivation behind Mags Bennet's actions is to provide her grandchildren with the opportunity to go to college and get away from the criminal life she and her sons are living.
- The Crowes are a family of poor criminals and Wendy Crowe is desperate to get away from that environment. She works as a paralegal and is studying to be a lawyer. However, she is pulled back into the criminal life when her brothers get in trouble with the US Marshals. It turns out that Kendell Crowe is actually her son and she lacks the means to support them both so has to rely on her brothers to help raise him. She finally has a chance for a fresh start with Kendell when her brothers are killed.
- Frequently parodied with Tracy Jordan on 30 Rock.
- Welcome Back, Kotter: Gabriel Kotter made it out of the Brooklyn "ghetto", became a teacher, and then moved back to teach in his old neighborhood.
- One episode of NCIS had a Marine captain whose mother had taken him away from their hometown due to escape the blood feud which had killed his father and countless other members of their family. He only returned to take revenge when he learned his brother had been killed as part of the on-going feud.
- Season 4 of The Wire introduces a group of children from West Baltimore's projects and rowhouses. Each friend follows a different path and Namond Brice, the son of a reputed drug soldier, is the only kid able to escape the doomed background of a troubled childhood, a dysfunctional family -at best- and the notion that crime is the only way to earn a living. Sadly, it only happens thanks to a remarkable, extremely unusual and unique adoptive parent, Howard Colvin, a former cop who identifies Namond's potential.
- This trope is a running source of source of conflict in Six Feet Under:
Nate: Claire, you can't stay here!
- Older brother Nate ran away from his dysfunctional and overbearing family so he could live outside their influence and without having anything to do with their family business. This condemned younger brother David to suspend his ambitions to go to law school as he felt responsible for the family and he got saddled into a line of work he had no interest in. When their father dies at the beginning of the show, Nate returns, clearly afraid of getting stuck at home for good this time while David's resentment at being left behind to deal with everything boils to surface.
- Over the course of the series, it is revealed that their mother, Ruth, had her own dreams but ended up staying home to take care of her sickly mother, resulting in life-long regret of What Could Have Been.
- Towards the end of the series, their sister Claire receives a job offer in New York and takes it. Just before she is due to leave, she gets news that the offer is no longer available but she decides to move anyways as she is afraid of repeating the mistake her mom did.
* The premise of Survivors Remorse is that two cousins from a rough neighborhood made it big in professional basketball, and now have to contend with being in the spotlight and the effects it has on their family.
- A lot of songs by The Kinks. "Do You Remember Walter" deals with someone who has made it out, singing about his friend Walter, who hasn't and the huge gulf that separates the two:
"Walter, you are just an echo of a world I knew so long ago
If you saw me now you wouldn't even know my name.
I bet you're fat and married and you're always home in bed by half-past eight.
And if I talked about the old times you'd get bored and you'll have nothing more to say.
Yes people often change, but memories of people can remain."
- "Dirty Blvd." by Lou Reed:
"And back at the Wilshire, Pedro sits there dreaming
he's found a book on magic in a garbage can
He looks at the pictures and stares at the cracked ceiling
'At the count of 3' he says, 'I hope I can disappear'
And fly fly away, from this dirty boulevard "
- C. P. Cavafy's famous poem The City deals with someone longing for escape from their surroundings and going out in the big world for adventure but they get so caught up in their yearnings, that they never truly escape where they come from:
"This city will always pursue you. You will walk
the same streets, grow old in the same neighborhoods,
will turn gray in these same houses.
You will always end up in this city. Don’t hope for things elsewhere:
there is no ship for you, there is no road.
As you’ve wasted your life here, in this small corner,
you’ve destroyed it everywhere else in the world."
- A major motivation of many characters of In the Heights, and whether or not this is necessarily for the best.
- Nina escaped the barrio and got into Stanford. Subverted in that she struggled to meet her financial obligations, her grades suffered as a result, and she lost her scholarship and dropped out. When she returns home for a visit she's embarrassed and ashamed when everyone tells her how proud they are of her. Double Subverted when she uses the money from her father selling off his business to go back in the fall.
- Vanessa wants to find a better place to work and get an apartment downtown in West Village. She ultimately goes through with it, but not before getting a date with Usnavy.
- Abuela Claudia came from Cuba with her family, and is happy to have a home and close relationships with the community until her death.
- Usnavy wants to leave the Heights and return to his parents' home on a beach in the Dominican Republic, believing the place is changing and with many of his friends leaving, there's not much left for him. At the end after seeing Sunny's beautiful mural of Abuela, he decides to stay and use his lottery money to fix up the coffee shop, get a date with Vanessa, and remember all the stories the customers have to tell as the community changes with the times.
- Death of a Salesman: It's heavily implied that Biff Loman will be the one member of the Loman line to avoid the trap of chasing after unattainable dreams.
- Assassin's Creed IV: Black Flag has Edward Kenway, the son of poor Welsh farmers who wants to become "a man of fortune" and see the wide world. In the process he becomes a Privateer, a Pirate, an Assassin and finally a rich gentlemen albeit not without a lot of painful sacrifices along the way.
- Grand Theft Auto largely deals with protagonists who for a variety of reasons want to escape their hood and face consequences for trying to do so.
- Grand Theft Auto: Vice City has Tommy Vercetti raised poor and a gangster in Liberty City, the son of his father who worked as a printer. He wanted to get out, and so worked for the Forelli Family who sold him out and Tommy spent a decade or so in prison. Naturally when he gets dispatched to the titular Vice City to oversee a drug deal, Tommy is not going to miss a chance of making up for losing out a huge chunk of his life.
- Grand Theft Auto: San Andreas has CJ who gets a lot of grief from his brother Sweet for walking out of Los Santos to Liberty City after past tragedy. In the middle point of the game, CJ is exiled and banished from Los Santos and becomes a powerful mercenary who is One Degree of Separation from every mob-boss and power broker on the West Coast but Sweet insists that he has to do something for the Hood.
- Grand Theft Auto IV and its DLC Mission-Pack Sequel also deal with this. Niko Bellic is an immigrant to America who is frustrated and miserable that in the new world he's more or less doing the same kind of work he did in the old world. Luiz Lopez and Gay Tony likewise are kind of miserable about their mutual aspirations, friendships and how a lot of it depends on their ties to the poor homes they came from. Johnny Klebitz doesn't want to escape the hood, but he does want to make his biker gang powerful again, and in the process, he destroys it.
- If Shepard has the "Earthborn" background in Mass Effect, they escaped a childhood of petty crime on the streets as a member of the Tenth Street Reds by joining the military. In the first game, a member of the Reds who is still active approaches Shepard and tries to blackmail them by threatening to reveal their criminal past to the galaxy, with embellishments to also make Shepard seem like an anti-alien xenophobe. Shepard has multiple options on how to deal with the situation. In the sequel, Finch will send you an e-mail saying that, even if you are not a member of the Reds anymore, he is glad it is you going after the Collectors.
- In Knights of the Old Republic II, the Jedi Exile is the only one of Revan's renegade Jedi who did not become a Sith. Whether or not that stays the case depends on the player's actions.
- In Star Wars: The Old Republic, the Sith Inquisitor was plucked from the slave auction when their Force sensitivity was discovered and sent to Korriban Sith Academy as just another recruit for the other hopefuls to kill on their way to the top. The Inquisitor ends up as one of the CoDragons of the Empire (along with the Sith Warrior).
- In Takotsubo, the trope is heavily referenced in the prologue: Cord Cai is a Chinese-American boy from Oakland with gang history, who desperately wants to get out of the street life. His fiance Roland's death and the police force's uselessness utterly trash that plan, so after a suicide attempt, he shoots Roland's murderer and starts a gang again. He's constantly calling himself a failure or a "bad Asian," but his gang alias is "the Tin Man," Cord's gang is constantly helping out civilians and the police, and the tagline is "the story of a superhero."
- The Boondocks:
- Huey and Riley originally came from inner-city South Side Chicago. They weren't all that happy about being sent away to live with their grandfather Robert in the lily-white suburb of Woodcrest. Robert himself is a former Tuskeegee Airman who has worked his whole life to get where he is.
- According to an in-universe documentary, Thugnificent's hometown was so poor that many locals couldn't afford clothes. The crime was so out of control, that the underfunded police department gave up on the place, and just built an electric fence around it. But thanks to his musical career, Thugnificent can now afford a Big Fancy House in Woodcrest.
- Bojack Horseman: Out of the cast of Horsin' Around, Bradley Hitler-Smith was the one with enough sense to get out of show business. At the time of the show's present, he runs a successful hardware store and is the only reasonably well-adjusted member of the group.
- From the same show, Diane is the only member of her family who actually has a job.