"On this lonely road, trying to make it home Doing it by my lonesome, pissed off, who wants some? I see them long hard times to come"
— Gangstagrass, Long Hard Times To Come
Justified is a 2010 FX Network series in its fifth (and penultimate) season; a modern western, based upon the character of Deputy US Marshal Raylan Givens, a recurring character in the works of pulp fiction writer Elmore Leonard.The series stars Timothy Olyphant (Deadwood, Damages), as Givens, a Cowboy Cop in pretty much every sense of the phrase. The series revolves around Marshal Givens who, in the pilot episode, gives an ultimatum to a Miami gun runner he was investigating for a savage murder: leave town in twenty-four hours or be killed. A broad daylight western-style showdown — where the gun runner pulls his weapon first and makes Raylan's shooting "justified" — quickly follows and leaves Givens in deep trouble with his superiors over the publicity said shooting receives in the media.To "reward" Raylan for stopping the arms dealer, the Marshal is reassigned to Lexington, Kentucky. Now back in his native Harlan County, the place where he grew up, Raylan must deal with his duties as Marshal (protecting witnesses, tracking fugitives, and arresting bad guys) while dealing with his ex-wife, his estranged criminal of a father, and the dysfunctional and criminal Crowder family, including former coal mining buddy Boyd Crowder (played by ex-The Shield star Walton Goggins), Boyd's sister-in-law turned girlfriend Ava, the murderous Bennett clan (headed by the charming but evil Mags Bennett), the alligator poaching Crowe family, and the various agents of the Dixie Mafia and the Detroit Mob.The series is a mixture of stand-alone episodes and Story Arc; most notably being Raylan's attempt to reconcile with his adulterous ex-wife Winona, Boyd's attempt at redemption after nearly being killed at Raylan's hands (and the subsequent love triangle between him, Raylan, and Ava), the scheming between Boyd and Raylan's respective fathers (both part of the leadership caste of Harlan's criminal underworld), the attempts by a Miami drug cartel to get revenge on Raylan for killing the gun-runner from the pilot, the machinations of the Bennett clan (a group of pot sellers in a long-standing feud with the Givens family) who are trying to exploit the the fact that a mining company seeks to set up shop in Harlan, and the attempts by the "Dixie Mafia", the Detroit Mob, and the Crowes to expand their criminal operations into Harlan County.The series has gotten much acclaim for its successful emulation of the writing style of Elmore Leonard, unlike some previous attempts to adapt his works for TV and movies.Also, the hat. Good lord, the hat.Not to be confused with the tropes.
This series provides examples of:
Absentee Actor: Rachel and Tim both make sporadic appearances in season one and two due to the actors only being signed for certain number of episodes.
Absurdly Sharp Blade: Limehouse' meat cleaver, which he uses to chop off Quarles' left arm in "Slaughterhouse."
Abusive Parents: Both Raylan and Boyd have abusive fathers, though they go about it in different ways.
Tim half-jokingly states that he regrets that his father died while he was in basic training, since it robbed him of his chance to come back and shoot him.
Mags takes a ballpeen hammer to her son Coover's hand when he displeases her.
Quarles' father pimped him out as a child to get money for heroin.
Doyle doesn't come across as particularly evil compared to his brothers. He is a dirty cop to start with, but after the death of Coover he just wants to protect his family.
Depending on the episode, Limehouse is either this or just an Anti-Hero (though by the end of Season 3 he swings towards the latter)
Quarles...at first. He's polite, charming and it's clear he is a loving father, who also happens to work for the Detroit Mafia and enjoy torturing male prostitutes to death. As things get worse...the affability starts to crack.
Amateur Sleuth: When two drug dealers under his protection are murdered, Boyd cannot call the police, so he investigates their deaths himself. He tries to be methodical about it and even considers the forensics of the scene. Luckily for him, there was a witness who can identify the killer.
BFG: Boyd seems to have a certain fondness for these
I always say, if you're gonna be a bear, you might as well be a grizzly. But this my friends is a Ko-di-ak!
Bathroom Break-Out: In "The Life Inside", Jamie Berglund attempts to escape from her captors by climbing out the bathroom window. Being eight months pregnant, she doesn't get far.
Batter Up: Raylan gave Dickie Bennett his signature limp with a baseball bat in their younger days.
"Lord of War And Thunder" is a chance for both Arlo and Raylan to demonstrate their skills with a baseball bat.
Bavarian Fire Drill: Dewey, of all people, manages to pull one off when he robs two criminals who previously ripped off an illegal drug shipment. When a clothing store does not have any ski-masks he buys a cheap suit and a cowboy hat and tricks the criminals into thinking that he is 'Raylan Givens, US Marshal'.
Big Bad: Bo Crowder in Season 1, Mags Bennett in Season 2, Robert Quarles in Season 3. Season 4 lacks an overall villain, though Nicky Augustine steps up in the last few episodes. Season 5 seems to be setting Daryl Crowe Jr. up for the role, though that could change. And of course, Boyd (and now Wynn Duffy) serves as the default Big Bad whenever there isn't another option around.
Bitch in Sheep's Clothing: Mags Bennett. She starts off seeming like a kindly but mischievous pot-seller, but turns out to be one of the most ruthless criminals in the entire state.
The nice looking friendly nurse who flirts with Raylan sells human organs on the black market and is a stone-cold killer.
Black and Grey Morality: Ruthless criminality notwithstanding, Boyd and Limehouse are loyal to their communities and have some notion of honor, in contrast to Quarles or Augustine. And of course Raylan's no saint himself.
Quarles likes to shoot people in the head when he is using his sleeve gun. The gun probably is not very powerful and he is close enough to his victims to get an easy headshot.
FBI agent Jeremy Barkley, moments after the reveal that he's Theo Tonin's mole.
Bullying a Dragon: Two guys are upset that they lost money betting on a MMA-style backyard fight so they decide to extort money from the winner of that fight. They just saw the guy defeat another professional fighter and they believe that a 2—1 advantage is enough for them to intimidate a guy like that.
California Doubling: Pennsylvania is used for the Appalachian shots but it is very obvious to anyone from southeast Kentucky that it is in fact not Kentucky, the mountains are different and any scene in Lexington is almost laughable because the geography is so different.
Raylan gets his own turn, too. It involves bullets.
Canada, Eh?: In season five we are introduced to The Canadians, two Canadian mobsters, who are the main suppliers of heroin to the Detroit Mob. They briefly discuss the merits of Tim Horton's donuts and one comments on the fact that Tim Horton played professional hockey for 20 years but is now mostly known because of the donut shop chain he founded. When Boyd comments that he thought that Canadians were supposed to be polite, they tell him that that they are not that type of Canadians. The characters are played by two Canadian comedians but are presented as someone not to be trifled with if you value your life.
Can't Get Away with Nuthin' : When Winona steals some money from the evidence locker and goes to the bank to test if it's real, the bank is promptly robbed. When the money is recovered, it is scanned into the Secret Service database where it raises red flags and causes an investigation.
Cast Herd: For the first several episodes of the fourth season, Raylan and Boyd and their respective supporting casts have entirely independent arcs and the two men don't interact.
Casting Gag: James LeGros interacting with Timothy Olyphant is a big one, why? James played the character of Raylan Givens years before Tim in a direct-for-TV adaptation of the novel Pronto.
Timothy Olyphant's former Deadwood co-stars keep finding their way onto the show as well (Ray McKinnon, Jim Beaver, W. Earl Brown, Gerald McRaney, Sean Bridgers, Pruitt Taylor Vance, Brent Sexton and Stephen Tobolowsky, at last count).
Catch Phrase: When Boyd says, "Fire in the hole!", you'd better start running...
Also, the frequently used, "This is Deputy US Marshal Raylan Givens. I'm gonna need an ambulance...and a coroner."
The Charmer: Raylan is really popular with women. To the point where in Season 3, Art suggests using the bartender as a witness against Quarles for threatening Raylan until Raylan tells him the bartender's a woman and Art immediately groans because he knows Raylan has slept with her.
Chekhov's Gun: Walt McCready's watch, introduced in "The Moonshine War", becomes a major plot point eight episodes later.
Limehouse's meat cleaver in season three also served this role.
Subverted with Quarles' sleeve-gun; multiple characters note that if its rail mechanism were to jam, he'd lose the advantage it gives him, implying that this will eventually be his undoing; in the end, the gun wouldn't have done him any good regardless, since he gets his arm hacked off.
Boyd becomes this after the events of season one. He stops being reckless and starts to carefully consider his actions and the resources at his disposal. Being one of the few criminals in the area with working brain cells kind of helps, but he can give a master of deceit like Mags Bennett a run for her money. If he feels that he cannot win, he changes the game to one where he has the advantage.
Limehouse is portrayed as one in Season 3. His community has survived for more than a century by always knowing where all the dangerous pieces are located and maneuvering around them.
The Chew Toy: Name one episode that has left Dewey Crowe better off than when it started.
Christianity is Catholic: Averted. This is the Bible Belt, and therefore Evangelical Christianity of the Pentecostal variety. Season 4 features a snake-handler
Ellen May needs Shelby to confirm that Catholicism is, in fact, a form of Christianity .
Johnny and Boyd hijack a truck of drug making supplies belonging to Bo and Boyd betrays Johnny soon after.
When Bo finds out that Johnny betrayed him he shoots him and makes it look like Johnny went after Ava.
When some criminals try to betray Boyd during a robbery, he turns the tables on them and they end up blowing themselves up with a bomb meant to kill Boyd. The beautiful part is that Boyd saw it coming the second they shanghaied him into the robbery.
When hired by the mining company to buy up land for them, Boyd figures out why the land is valuable and makes a deal with Arlo and Mags Bennett to sell the land to the company for a small fortune.
The only people Boyd seems unwilling to backstab are Raylan and Ava. When he fights Raylan he does so face to face.
Arlo betrays Bo Crowder to the Marshals and then turns around and betrays them to Bo. Then he betrays Raylan to Bo and gets shot in the leg for it.
And then to finish off Season 3, Johnny Crowder indirectly betrays Boyd to the Marshals (he holds Boyd responsible for getting him in his wheelchair) by telling Limehouse about Devil's murder. It backfires however, when Arlo takes the blame for the murder instead.
Church Militant: Boyd becomes one after his near death experience, though his father murdering his fellow converts causes him to realize that he only became one to fill the void in his life after renouncing white supremacy and has since toned down his beliefs in order to avoid getting more people killed because of his fanaticism.
Art: Hell of a shot. Did you consider what might have happened if you missed? Tim: I can't carry a tune, I don't know how to shoot a basketball, and my handwriting is barely legible, but I don't miss.
Comically Missing the Point: When Dewey Crowe seemingly has his kidneys harvested and held for ransom, Raylan suspects they haven't actually been removed; he persuades Dewey to try to urinate, which Dewey successfully does. Raylan tells him this wouldn't be possible without two kidneys.
Crapsack World: Harlan County represents this big time. It's a major motivation for Raylan leaving town like he did when he was young and the motivation of several one-off characters, as far as the need to escape from the town, either professionally or through crime drives their actions.
Crazy-Prepared: Constable Bob tries to be this, wearing a knife to use on someone who tries to go for his gun, and keeping a "go-bag" in his squad car that includes, among other things, an assault rifle.
Crocodile Tears: When Donovan threatens to shoot Quarles for killing Brady, Quarles tears up, confessing that his own father forced him into prostitution as a child. Quarles tears were probably not genuine, but rather a means of getting Donovan to let his guard down.
Crouching Moron, Hidden Badass: Constable Bob seems friendly, harmless, and and his attempts to be Crazy-Prepared come across as more goofy than anything. He also endures an absolutely brutal beating at the hands of a thug, refusing to give up Raylan the entire time, before getting his knife and killing his attacker while not even being able to stand. As Raylan puts it, "People underestimate Bob at their peril".
Dangerous Workplace: Wynn Duffy's office-trailer. Raylan has already roughed him up and threatened him there, and Donovan showed up one night with a gun, looking for Quarles.
A Date with Rosie Palms: Dewey is kicked out of Boyd's camp for being an 'onanist'. Good thing, too, as it ends up saving his life!
Death Wail: Boyd when he discovers the dead bodies of his "church". Mags when Coover dies.
Deep South: The U.S. Census Bureau considers Kentucky part of the South (though not everyone does), and Harlan displays all the usual characteristics. It should be noted however that Justified gives a rather more nuanced version of the South than usual, as not everyone is a dumb-as-bricks racist redneck, and even some of the more redneck characters are quite intelligent. Those characters who are dumb rednecks are usually stupid because they're drug abusers rather than because of their Southern accents.
Deadpan Snarker: Da Chief is fluent in snark, and Raylan has at least a conversational grasp of the language.
Raylan's fluency greatly increases in the third season.
Raylan: (after a thug pulls a knife, Raylan puts his hand on his piece) Shit. I forgot my knife.
Dirty Business: Season 4 reveals that several villains struggle with guilt over their villainy. For example, Boyd clearly does not enjoy goading Billy St. Cyr into picking up the poisonous snake that eventually bites him. Ava feels troubled when she arranges for Colt to kill Ellen May. Despite being a ruthless thug, Colt is extremely hesitant to shoot Ellen May and has to snort drugs to steady his nerves.
Dirty Cop: Harlan County is brimming with them, which can make it even more challenging for the Marshals to perform their duties. The sheriff of Harlan County in the first season is working for the drug cartel that wants Raylan dead.
Doyle Bennett is corrupt in all matters pertaining to his family though he is implied to be a decent sheriff otherwise. He probably would have been worse but Mags likes to keep a low profile and has her family stay out of criminal activity not related to their marijuana growing operations.
The new sheriff of Harlan County is also dirty and is in Quarles' pocket.
Out with the old, in with the new. Harlan's third onscreen sheriff tips off a criminal of an upcoming arrest on his first day in office and later turns out to be a federal fugitive in league with the first sheriff.
Corrupt Prison Guard: The majority of prison guards we see on-screen are corrupt. Season 5 shows many of the guards in the women's county jail and state prison secretly working for criminals, bringing in drugs, sexually abusing inmates, and generally failing to uphold order.
Raylan: You do seem to have a penchant for getting abducted.
In "Ghosts" Winona is taken hostage subverted in that while she's clearly terrified, she manages to assist in her own rescue by getting her hands on a pistol and shooting the guy holding a gun to her belly in the groin and chest.
Ava's husband. At least, until she shot him in the heart with a hunting rifle while he was eating supper.
Arlo beat Raylan's mother which is another reason why Raylan despises him so.
The black community of Noble's Holler has always acted as a safe refuge for white women who fled their abusive husbands and boyfriends. As a side-effect Limehouse now has a network of informants throughout the area who are grateful for the kindness they and/or their mothers were shown.
Don't Split Us Up: In season 5, Allison tells Raylan about the angry, desperate reactions of abusive parents when she and police take their children away.
In "Over the Mountain", Daryl and Danny are shocked, then furious when Raylan takes Kendal into protective custody.
Don't Tell Mama: Doyle pulls this on Coover and Dickie when he finds out a particularly stupid crime they've commited. They're immediately horrified, not out of fear of upsetting their mother, but OF theirmother.
Drink Order: Kentucky bourbon, and only Kentucky bourbon.
Driven to Suicide: Mags Bennett at the end of Season Two. Getting shot by the teenage girl she genuinely liked, and finding out that all her boys except Dickie are dead forces her to break out that special drinking jar of hers... the one laced with poison.
The fact that she would be facing arrest for admitting to Walt MacReady's murder probably factored into it as well.
Drowning My Sorrows: Just about everyone gets a turn or two at this, though Raylan and Ava are particularly prone.
The first couple of episodes of season two showed Boyd do this in order to cope with life as a law abiding civilian as well as the guilt from his various past crimes.
Due to the Dead: After Boyd kills Devil in self-defense, he insists on giving Devil's body a decent burial. He even says a prayer after Devil has been buried, much to Arlo's annoyance.
Averted with Delroy. After Krystal dies, Ellen May is horrified when Delroy disposes of her body in a slurry pond to cover his tracks.
Also averted with the Bennetts. After Mags poisons Walt, Coover and Dickie drop his body down a mine shaft instead of performing a burial.
Dysfunction Junction: Invoked by Art when he describes the mess that the Lexington Marshal's office has become, to another marshal angling to take over his job. In short order: Tim is a tad too eager to kill people, may have PTSD and may be an alcoholic. Rachel is always trying to prove herself, recently engaged in a (off-camera) whirlwind marriage that ended in an even quicker divorce, which has led to her acting out, both in appearance and allowing her emotions to drive her actions. Raylan has been investigated numerous times for misconduct and his father is a career criminal who killed a state trooper and just killed another man in prison. This does not even touch on the slew of other problems the audience knows the characters have.
One second season episode has a pregnant inmate escaping from her pregnancy checkup with the help of two men hired by the baby's father. She thinks they're going to hand the baby off to the father, although it turns out that the father's plan was selling the baby and killing her. One of the two, a former EMT, was unaware of the second part, and when the other guy tries to get him to cut the baby out, he goes after his compatriot with a scalpel.
Theo Tonin was so angered when he learned that Quarles' father was pimping him out that he arranged for 14 year-old Quarles to kill his father.
Duffy is clearly disgusted with Quarles' proclivity for torturing male prostitutes. In "Slaughterhouse," Duffy admits to Raylan that he was behind the tip on Brady's murder, although YMMV as to whether it was motivated by altruism. Duffy may have merely wanted Quarles arrested.
In "A Murder of Crowes", The Canadians might be ruthless mobsters and heroin smugglers but they do not want to be in business with someone who uses a chainsaw to torture and kill people.
Scott Fenton: The idea behind organized crime is that it is supposed to be organized. When people start using chainsaws, that's a sign. And it is not a good sign.
Evil Cripple: Dickie Bennet. Of course, he's crippled because he's evil. Raylan gave him his signature limp in self-defense when they were both teenagers.
Evil Matriarch: If Mags Bennett didn't qualify as one before, crippling her son Coover's hand with a ball peen hammer should remove all doubt.
Expy: Some fans consider Raylan to be one of Olyphant's Deadwood character.
Assistant Deputy Goodall is an expy of Karen Sisco, another character from Elmore Leonard novels who got a (short-lived) TV series, and was played by the same actress, Carla Gugino. In fact, as mentioned in "Cut Ties," Goodall is her married name, with no mention of her maiden name (thus potentially making it a Lawyer-Friendly Cameo). She even has a scene using the baton that Karen Sisco used in the film.
Judge Reardon is a basically a non-racist version of Judge Bob Gibbs from the Elmore Leonard novel Maximum Bob.
Fearless Fool: Raylan really likes to get way over his head sometimes — he gets the shit beaten out of him twice in the series after he provokes fistfights (first with two grown men when he's drunk, the second time with Coover).
He does it again in season 3, this time pulling a gun on Limehouse at Noble's Holler. It doesn't take a genius to figure out this can end with a dozen shotguns pointed at you. It's probably the only time in the series so far Raylan is afraid.
Art pretty much expects that Raylan will get himself killed because of this.
Feuding Families: The Bennett-Givens feud started during Prohibition when a Bennett thought a Givens had sold him out to the cops and killed him in revenge. Almost a century later there are suspiciously few Bennetts and Givens left in Harlan County. The women of the two families had kept a truce going for the last fifteen years but over the course of the second season it begins to heat up again. It ends with all but Raylan, Arlo, Doyle's two young unseen children and Dickie dead, and the latter in prison. In the second season's final five minutes, Raylan and Mags end the feud "as it should have ended years ago," by shaking hands over glasses of Mag’s home-made moonshine with Raylan unaware that Mags has poisoned her own glass.
Mags and Raylan are always incredibly friendly (or failing that, respectful at least) towards each other, even at their worst. The final scene of Season Two is them sharing a drink. Raylan is unaware that Mag's has laced her own glass — and only her own glass — with poison.
Full-Frontal Assault: Quarles strips naked before torturing Donovan, whom he is holding captive in his bathroom. Also, while Boyd's prisoner at Audrey's, Quarles opens his robe to annoy Jimmy. After Jimmy leaves the trailer, Quarles wraps a chain around Minerva's neck and threatens to strangle her, while his robe is still open.
Gambit Pileup: Season 3 seems to be rapidly turning into one between Boyd, Quarles, and Limehouse all running their own agendas.
Generation Xerox: Like his father, Quarles is a drug addict and a man with no qualms about depravity.
Genre Roulette: Well, subgenre roulette. Season 1 is a procedural with elements of crime drama in the serialized stuff, season 2 is a tragedy, season 3 is a bit of a gangster story and season 4 is a mystery.
Girl on Girl Is Hot: In "The I of the Storm", Dewey Crowe celebrates a score by hiring two hookers and having them make out with each other as a prelude for the main event. He calls it the hottest thing he's ever seen.
Groin Attack: When a not-that-reformed-criminal attacks Raylan with a taser, Raylan turns things around and tases him in the nuts.
The Gun Fighter Wannabe: A few wannabe gunfighters want to test themselves against Raylan but it does not go well for them.
In season 3 Fletcher likes to test himself against men known for their gun skills. He places a gun on the table, has a third party count down from 10 and the person who can grab the gun the fastest gets to shoot the other guy. Fletcher cheats.
Guns Akimbo: Both Raylan and Quarles end up dual wielding pistols but do not actually get to fire. They do it because they have to cover multiple people and have no one to watch their back.
As does Rachel in the pilot, for the same reasons.
In Season 4, while waiting for an assault from Detroit thugs, Constable Bob watches the door to the room he and Raylan are holed up in, wielding two pistols. He never has to fire them either.
Half-Arc Season: Each season thus far has established the overall arc within the first few episodes, followed by multiple case-of-the-week episodes with the pieces being moved around in the background, with the focus back on the main arc by the final episodes.
Hanging Judge: Judge Reardon, in an, erm, Justified example. He’s famous for giving extreme sentences. He privately tells Raylan the reason is due to one of his first cases on the bench, where he gave an obviously dangerous man a light sentence due to sympathy: that man killed a six-year-old child shortly after, something that haunts Reardon still.
Heel-Faith Turn: Deconstructed: while Boyd becomes a born again Christian after his near death experience, the show has taken great pains to leave viewers guessing whether or not Boyd's redemption is legit or just him channeling his evil into less destructive outlets.
Hero of Another Story It's easy to see Eric Roberts' Deadpan Snarker flask carrying DEA agent Alex Miller in season 5 as the star of his own story with Hotrod Dunham as his Boyd Crowder.
"Ice Pick" Fletcher from "The Gunfighter" loves to play a game with his victims. He places a gun in front of them, orders a third person to count to ten, and stabs his victim in the hand when he goes for the gun. When he tries this against Raylan, he yanks the tablecloth, Fletcher gets his icepick stuck in the table, and Raylan shoots him full of holes.
Danny Crowe dies because he tripped and stabbed himself in the neck with his own knife while trying to kill Raylan with it.
Hookers and Blow: The local brothel has become a prime location to buy illegal drugs.
When Boyd captures Quarles he chains him up in a trailer and to keep him docile he provides him with a supply of pills and two hookers to keep him company
Ho Yay: In addition to the listings on the YMMV page, it's invoked in "Save My Love," after Raylan describes his trust/hate relationship with Boyd.
Raylan: While he has tried to kill me, and I have shot him, and imprisoned him, and I wouldn't be surprised if our paths again cross in such a manner, he has had my back on two occasions: once was the last day I was in the mine, and the other not so long ago. Carol: My. Sounds like a love story.
Hypocrite: Ava. Throughout the series, Ava has struck back against abusive men, killing her abusive husband Bowman as well as Delroy. However, as a madame, she has no qualms about inflicting violence against other women. For instance, she slapped around Ellen May when she erroneously thought Ellen May betrayed her, then minimized the incident in season 4.
I Am Not My Father: An important theme for Raylan, he saying the line at least a couple times.
Miami Gun Thug: All we want is Raylan Givens! Raylan: I'm Raylan Givens! Boyd: No, I'm Raylan Givens! Raylan: Are you trying to be funny? Boyd:A little.
I Lied: Raylan's response to Helen after she returns the money Arlo took from the Marshals on the condition that Raylan leave Harlan and avoid the Bennets.
Iconic Outfit: Boots, slim fit jeans, hip holster, designer shirts, skinny tie, blazer, and not-quite-white hat make Raylan Given's look immediately recognizable and iconic.
So much so that in one episode Dewey collects the above items and attempts to impersonate Raylan. It works ... until the real Raylan finds him.
Idiot Ball: Winona really should have know that any money stored in the evidence locker would have its serial numbers recorded specifically to catch anyone who might try to steal it.
Let's not even get started on Gary dealing with the Dixie Mafia not once, but twice. It was stupid enough to borrow money from a shady loanshark in the first place but at least he tried to work out a deal with the loanshark and it was Wynn Duffy who escalated things. However, dealing with Wynn Duffy AGAIN and trying to get him to kill the very man who saved your sorry butt the last time you got in trouble takes idiocy to a whole new level.
Arlo has a lifetime of criminal experience and knows all the players in the Harlan County criminal community really well. There is no excuse for him failing to realize that Dickie Bennett would recognize that it was Arlo who helped Boyd rob Dickie's big drug deal. Given the bloody history between the families he put himself and his wife in mortal danger.
However, in the scene afterward, Arlo points this out, stating that he is nervous that Dickie made him. He still does not do anything about it until it is too late.
Boyd did a good job capturing Quarles. Unfortunately, he had a couple of Oxycontin addicts guard him, and left a nice bottle in the room. Not to mention putting him on a "chain" long enough to strangle them with — while standing.
Dewey Crowe is an Idiot Ball All-Star, but gets special consideration for his plot to rip off the criminals who robbed the Oxy bus by pretending to be Raylan — predictably, this allows Raylan to get involved and figure out his involvement within hours.
Stupid crook Dewey Crowe decides to rob two toughs who stole a large amount of drugs from the Dixie Mafia. When the local clothing store does not have any ski masks in stock, he instead buys a suit and a cowboy hat. He then proceeds to impersonate US Marshal Raylan Givens and successfully pulls off the robbery. When Raylan finds out about it, he is quite pissed and tracks Dewey down. It does not help matters that the two toughs have also tracked Dewey down and when Raylan identifies himself, they open fire on him since they will not be fooled by the same trick twice.
In season four, a Detroit hitman is tasked with killing Drew Thompson but no one knows what identity Drew is currently using. The hitman disguises himself as a sheriff's deputy and goes to the houses of men who could be Drew and shoots them dead. He is exposed when he tries to arrest Boyd Crowder and Raylan is present. Raylan just spoke to the sheriff and the sheriff would have mentioned if he sent someone to arrest Boyd. Before Raylan can check in with the sheriff, the hitman panics, draws his gun and is shot dead by Raylan.
The Informant: Arnold Pinter, a bookie who regularly provides information to the Marshals Service. To his own benefit, of course.
Instant Sedation: Averted when Dewey is injected with a tranquilizer in prison. The tranquizer is injected by a trained doctor directly into a blood vessel in the neck and Dewey is still able to get up an trash around the room for a while before losing consciousness.
Subverted again in the following episode; Raylan falls to the ground immediately after being injected and seems to be knocked out, but is either still conscious and faking or comes to pretty quick.
Internal Affairs: After Raylan for the Miami shooting, though they quiet down after the first season.
Interrogation by Vandalism: In "Hammer" Raylan questions the clerk in a smoke shop. He keeps picking and dropping bongs till the man tells him what he wants to know (he does pay for what he broke before her leaves the store).
In the Blood: This is a major concern for both Raylan and Boyd since they both rebel against the life of crime their families have been leading for generations. Neither wants to Turn Out Like His Father. Raylan is more successful in this than Boyd.
In "Debts and Accounts" Raylan finds some peace because he realizes that he broke the law because he is in love with Winona and not because he is an outlaw like his father. Boyd has the opposite realization and starts to rebuild the Crowder gang. He even tells Johnny:
Boyd: It's in your blood.
Mags seems to have genuine concern over this for her sons. She realizes Coover and Dickie are both irresponsible, irredeemable criminals, and Doyle is a corrupt cop, but she says she has hope for Doyle's sons and wishes to keep them out of the family business. Based on the events of the last episode of Season 2, this is unlikely.
Invulnerable Knuckles: Averted with Delroy. After Delroy beats up Ellen May, Ava notices that his knuckles are scuffed up.
When Constable Bob Sweeney says it it's played for laughs, but as Raylan later admits, "Folks underestimate Bob at their peril".
Jerk Ass: Mags Bennett's kids, Coover in particular.
Jurisdiction Friction: The Marshals have very specific jurisdiction when it comes to criminal matters and Raylan tends to stretch it or just go outside it. Usually the other law enforcement agencies are fine with it since they still get credit for closing the case but in season 3 Raylan ends up in the middle of a major FBI investigation and has to lie through his teeth to justify his actions.
Karma Houdini: So after three seasons of being a murderer, a drug dealer, an extortionist, and a bank robber, what does Boyd Crowder get? Nothing. And after being his accomplice not to mention beating up a prostitute in a prostitution ring she now runs, what does Ava get? Nothing. Justice is served.
Not so in season 4.
Kissing Cousins: When Raylan and Tim question an escaped convict's ex-wife and her cousin, Tim immediately realizes they're sleeping together. Later when the ex-husband arrives:
Coop: Y'all sleeping together? Shirley: We're cousins! Coop: Well, from all the lotions, condoms and devices I saw sitting on your nightstand it's clear you're sleeping with somebody. Dupree: ...Well it's not like we're first cousins or anything.
In "Thick as Mud" Raylan and Rachel are pursuing a hospital nurse who is probably taking out kidneys from victims. Raylan calls him "Lawrence Nightingale". Rachel isn't amused by the slightest.
Raylan reacts poorly to an after-action report that says he "disarmed" Quarles.
Lawyer-Friendly Cameo: Carla Gugino appeared in season 3 as a character who is clearly supposed to be Karen Sisco, the Elmore Leonard character she played in a short-lived TV series — but due to licensing issues, the name is never mentioned (she's referred to as "Assistant Deputy Goodall," which is a married name).
Light Is Not Good: The fair-complexioned Quarles is a ruthless villain. Raylan once referred to him as a "big-toothed albino-looking son of a bitch." When Quarles and Duffy walked into the bar where Raylar was bouncing, the bartender said Quarles looked like an "albino deer."
A Lighter Shade of Black: Boyd is this compared to some of the other show's villains. He and Mags maybe be roughly on the same moral level, but Boyd compared to Dickie? His Daddy Bo? Or Quarles? Boys tends to come out the lesser evil. Of course, being a Villain Protagonist helps.
Low-Speed Chase: "Blaze of Glory" ends on one of these, between a U.S. Marshal with a bum knee and an old man dying of emphysema. The latter has taken off his oxygen tank, both because it's slowing him down and he's entertaining death as an option, and the Marshal is trying to get it back to him.
Meaningful Name: "Shot All To Hell" more than lives up to its title. With five people gunned down by episodes end.
Missing Mom: Raylan's mother is dead, and buried in the front yard of his childhood home. Her grave is next to ready-and-waiting plots and already-carved headstones for him and his father. For some reason, this used to creep him out as a child.
In "Slaughterhouse", Quarles tells the two boys that he never got to know his mother, since she died when he was very young.
Although Bo was a prominent character in the first season, Boyd's mother is almost never mentioned.
In "Decoy" Tim and Art use one to torch a car they suspect has a remotely controlled bomb in it.
Mook Horror Show: In "Measures," Quarles goes into the house of two drug dealers under Boyd's protection to steal their drugs. He shoots one with his sleeve gun and subdues the other after a struggle. Quarles then proceeds to mercilessly punch the mook and slash his face and throat with a katana. The encounter ends with Quarles spattered with blood.
Not to say that Natalie Zea ain't nothing short of a looker, neither.
While we're at it, Erica Tazel is quite easy on the eyes.
Mutual Kill: Raylan almost convinced two criminals to drop their guns and surrender to him when they realize that only one of them will be able to make a deal for immunity and the other will go to prison for a long time. They turn on each other and before Raylan can stop them, they shoot each other. One dies instantly and the other sustains a fatal wound.
Mythology Gag: A minor one, but Raylan acts as a father figure for Loretta after her own is killed. In the books it's mentioned that "Loretta" was one of the names Winona wanted for a girl.
Never Bring A Knife To A Gunfight: Inverted to spectacular effect in the third season finale. Quarles loses his sleeve gun — and the arm it's attached to — to Limehouse's gigantic butcher knife.
Raylan's aunt/stepmother, Helen, is regularly seen with her shotgun, and there is no doubt she'd be happy to use it.
Mags Bennet, the second season villain, is a grandmother, and one of the most dangerous people on the show.
Never Speak Ill of the Dead: Boyd. Despite Bo's countless evil actions in life, Boyd speaks of his late father respectfully. Also, Boyd spoke of the late Devil as a friend, even though he was forced to kill Devil in self-defense.
Nice Hat: A simply marvelous hat. The episode he loses it is even called “Hatless.”
No Accounting for Taste: Helen and Arlo Givens seem to hate each other, insulting each other at every opportunity. However Helen is fiercely protective of Arlo, even given his first wife was Helen's physically-abused sister. Arlo doesn't get his Aww, Look! They Really Do Love Each Other moment until after Helen's death.
Noodle Incident: Duffy asks Quarles where he got the track for his fancy sleeve gun. Quarles begins to relate a story ("It's funny you should ask that...") about Christmas shopping, but he's interrupted mid-sentence.
No Paper Future: Dewey gets a glimpse of this when he has to raise a lot of money real fast and quickly realizes that the places he is capable of robbing don't carry much cash anymore. Even a strip club does not have much cash on hand at ten in the morning.
No Smoking: Generally played straight though a few instances of smoking are used for dramatic purposes. This is lampshaded by Art in "Decoy" when Tim needs a lighter or some matches and it turns out that none of the Marshals and State Troopers present smoke. Art comments that he did not expect this to happen in Kentucky of all places.
The series likes to show that even Stupid Crooks can be incredibly dangerous.
Played with in "Murder of Crowes". The Canadians are played by two well known comedians so the audience instinctively starts to think of them as comic relief. Then one realizes that the other characters treat them extremely seriously and it becomes clear that beyond some simple Canada, Eh? banter there is nothing really comedic about the two Canadian mobsters. In fact, they are serious players who have no problem having Sammy Tonin killed and who would not tolerate someone like Boyd jerking them around.
Offstage Villainy: Wynn Duffy is occasionally mentioned to be totally Ax-Crazy in a cut-your-face-off kind of way, but we never actually see him do anything worse than kill someone.
Once a Season: Each season finale ends with a different rendition of the folk song You'll Never Leave Harlan Alive.
The One Who Made It Out: Another major theme. Many characters dream of leaving and starting a better life somewhere else, but few follow through with it.
Faced with either working in the coal mine for the rest of his life or becoming a criminal like his father, Raylan Givens manages to escape Harlan and become a U.S. marshal, and is understandably irked when assigned to the Kentucky office at the beginning of the series.
Bowman and Ava Crowder wanted to get out of Harlan and vainly hoped that as a local football star Bowman would get a college scholarship and ultimately play professionally. After Ava kills Bowman she has a chance to leave Kentucky but decides to stay.
Mags Bennet's main motivation is providing her grandchildren with the opportunity to go to college and get away from the criminal life she and her sons are living. Even she later gives up on the latter.
Arlo gets shot in the leg in each season and takes some time to recover from each wound
Boyd survives being shot in the pilot episode but is in the hospital for a long time. While Raylan might not have actually wanted to kill him, he still shot for the center of mass and did not try any fancy shoulder or hand shots. Boyd is simply lucky to have survived.
This is played straight at the end of "Bloody Harlan" only to be then subverted in the following episode. After being shot, Raylan should be on his way to a hospital rather than walking and talking to people. However, three weeks later he is shown to be still in a lot of pain from the wound, restricted to desk duty and unable to perform his usual Quick Draw and Improbable Aiming Skills feats.
Organ Theft: In season 3 a group of criminals sell organs on the black market. However, they primarily harvest the organs from the recent corpses of convicts who died in prison rather than then by stealing them from living people. They have access to the prisoner's medical records and use people trained in this type of operation. The one time they operate on a live person it is a ruse to make the victim think that they took his kidneys so he steal for them. All they did was make a couple cuts and sutured them up
Outside-Context Villain: Quarles initially appears as this with his big plans and the ability to turn people like Wynn Duffy and Devil to be his accomplices. However, both Raylan and Boyd quickly figure out what type of villian he is and invert the trope on him revealing him to be too Wrong Genre Savvy to understand how they are beating him.
Perfect Poison: The unidentified poison that Mags puts in her "special" cider glass, which kills in a few minutes or less. Even the Medical Examiner is unable to identify its presence in a man killed by it, although the corpse in question has had time to decompose.
Pregnant Hostage: Jamie Berglund in "The Life Inside". When Raylan and Tim storm the hideout, he holds a gun to her belly and threatens to shoot.
Promotion to Opening Titles: Since Boyd had to be hastily written into the show, Walton Goggins didn't appear for a few episodes in the first season until his storyline could pick up. He doesn't get his Main Title credit until the opening of season 2.
Jere Burns (Wynn Duffy) gets promoted in Season 5.
Pulled From Your Day Off: Played for Drama. Givens is taking the day off to go house hunting with his pregnant ex-wife/girlfriend Winnona when he gets a call about a problem in Harlan County. Raylan is the only one who can properly resolve it so he apologizes to Winnona and leaves. Winnona seems to be fine with this but it is actually the final confirmation for her that Raylan has not changed and will not prioritize her and their child over his job. Soon after she breaks off the relationship and leaves.
Raylan combines this with Improbable Aiming Skills. Subverted in the beginning of season 3 when his injuries wound make it impossible for him to quickly draw his gun.
Quarles uses a spring-loaded sleeve gun device to quickly get his gun and shoot people before they realize what is happening.
Rape as Backstory: Quarles' father pimped him out as a child to get money for heroin. Quarles also has a history of violence against male hustlers which has strong sexual overtones.
Rape as Drama: Heavily implied with Quarles but not shown on screen. Several episodes in season three either show or make reference to Brady, naked and bound to a bed in Quarles' house. In "Guy Walks into a Bar," Quarles strips naked and walks into a bathroom where Donovan is bound and gagged, strongly suggesting that Quarles has sexual violence in mind.
In "Slaughterhouse," Duffy tells Raylan that Quarles has a thing for young boys, again strongly suggesting that Quarles sexually abuses his captives.
"The Reason You Suck" Speech: Raylan delivers an amazing one to Dickie Bennett before shooting him and hauling him back to jail for breaking into Loretta's place to find Mags's money banked with Limehouse.
Redemption Equals Death: After playing The Starscream to Limehouse, Errol is finally found out and exiled from the only home he's known. Driving out he sees Raylan on his way and realizes Limehouse is in trouble, and returns. He dies saving Limehouse and Raylan from Quarles.
Redemption Failure: Boyd Crowder tries to go straight but circumstances keep pointing him back toward a life of crime.
Red Herring: Quarles' wrist-gun. It's built up as an obvious counterpoint to Raylan's quick draw ability, but Quarles gets his arm chopped off before he can do anything.
Refuge in Audacity: Raylan falls into it with his stunts. Once, a bullet with his fingerprints on is found at a crime scene — he explains that the likely perpetrator could leave the bullet there, since during their previous meeting, Raylan had dropped it onto him and said that the next one would be coming a lot faster. Even the pretty hostile investigator on the case calls it the most awesome thing he ever heard.
Rousing Speech: Boyd gives one against the sheriff in Quarles' employ during a town hall meeting and it's quite effective. People in Harlan have very long memories when it comes to their struggle against the coal mines and Boyd knows perfectly how to tap into that sentiment.
Russian Roulette: The episode appropriately named "Harlan Roulette." Glen Fogle plays this game with one of his oxycotin-addicted flunkies, forcing him to play it in return for a single pill. The flunkie does it. Twice. And then gets so frustrated he aims the gun at Fogle and fires. It wasn't loaded after all. But the gun Fogle fires at the man is.
Raylan of all people plays this game with Wynn Duffy to get him to talk. Duffy is not amused.
Sadistic Choice: If you work for Limehouse and you fail him, you either risk losing the flesh in your hand, or walk away promising to never fail him again, or else....
Salt and Pepper: Though a subversion, this occurs whenever Raylan and Rachel work together, especially seen in "Long in the Tooth" where they discuss their differences outright. Raylan tends to be the laidback one while Rachel is more strict.
Scary Black Man: Limehouse might not look particularly scary but his methods and the way he talks are terrifying.
Art: "Are you cold standing out here?" Raylan: "Why?" Art: "Because I can't keep from staring at your nipples."
Shoot the Dog / Kick the Dog: Whether Ava's decision to have Colt kill Ellen May is a shoot-the-dog moment or a kick-the-dog moment is up for debate. On one hand, Ellen May had grown increasingly dangerous, shooting a john while high on drugs. While at Audrey's brothel, Ellen May also blurted out that Ava had murdered Delroy, putting Ava at risk. However, Ellen May was off drugs and on her way to honest work with a born-again relative of Boyd's, so she wasn't a threat to Ava.
Raylan: "Jess, you ever hear about a spot snipers call the apricot? It's where the brain stem meets the spine. Hit a fella there, he ain't gonna pull no trigger. It's just, lights out." Jess: "Oh, what, you're telling me you're that good?" Raylan: "Me?" *Shakes his head, gestures to Deputy Tim Gutterson, beside him.* Jess: "Really? Okay, this is how this is going to go down —" *Tim takes the shot, perfectly.*
A Simple Plan: Most of the criminals we meet are convinced their plans can go off without a hitch. Boyd seems to be the only one who knows better...
Dewey Crowe consistently screws up simple plans, creating even more problems for himself.
Social Services Does Not Exist: Averted with Loretta, who is placed in foster care after her father's death. Played straight with Noble's Holler, where battered women have sought refuge for generations in the absence of regional domestic violence centers.
Southern Hospitality: Raylan may shoot you, but he'll still be polite. Many residents of Harlan County operate on the same principle, most notably Mags.
Shout-Out: The last episode of season 4 contains a shout-out to the "alas poor Yorick" scene in Shakespeare's Hamlet. Boyd and Jimmy are digging up an indigent man's remains at a graveyard. When they unearth the man's skull, Boyd reminisces about the man's unfortunate life as an alcoholic and oxycontin addict, adding that everyone will end up dead like him in the end.
Stupid Crooks: One of the show's biggest draws is watching a hyper-competent cop dealing with amateur, dumbass criminals that sometimes reach Fargo-levels of stupidity. It contrasts greatly with people that completely avert this trope — Limehouse, the Crowders, the Bennetts or the Dixie Mafia.
Strange Minds Think Alike: In "Decoy", Boyd correctly anticipates the majority of Raylan's moves, up to guessing that he would stage his final show-down in their old high school, due to remembering the time an astronaut flew a helicopter in to give a presentation.
Talkative Loon: After going off his medication, Arlo storms into Noble's Holler, talking to himself in a deranged manner.
At the end of "Guy Walks into a Bar", Quarles is talking to himself in an agitated, disorganized manner as he snorts drugs and disrobes.
Quarles: When people will conspire to keep you down, you will reach for the edge. They will lean the heel of their boots on your fingers and you just keep fighting, scratching and pulling. And just when you think you've reached the top of the mountain they changed the rules. So what do you do? You don't quit. You don't run. You don't stick that gun in the back of your throat. You realize that you're wrong. You're wrong in thinking that you had already won. True victory is when you crush your opponent so completely that he realizes he was wrong in opposing you from the beginning. You claw your way back into the fight. And you stand atop the mountain.
Talking Your Way Out: Donovan storms into Duffy's trailer and threatens to kill Quarles for murdering his friend Brady. Quarles talks down Donovan by telling him about how his father forced him into prostitution as a young man, and how Theo Tonin adopted him. Donovan lowers his gun, and a tearful Quarles embraces him as he starts crying. Unfortunately, we see Donovan bound and gagged in Quarles' bathroom at the end of the episode, suggesting that Quarles plans to torture and kill him just as he did Brady.
Tampering with Food and Drink: Mags has a "special" cider glass tainted with deadly poison, which she uses to kill in the first episode of season 2.
Threatening to "beat the shit" out of a teenager who works at a batting cage. The reason? The kid told him to wear a helmet. Which is the rule at the batting cage.
Running a guy over - twice. Admittedly, that was somewhat Justified, since the guy was pulling a gun (twice). Then Raylan threatens to deny him medical treatment. Then, while the guy's in the hospital, Raylan sneaks into his room, sits on his broken leg and takes away his morphine. Then when a nurse comes in and the guy starts trying to tell her what Raylan's doing to him, Raylanpumps him full of morphine so he can't talk.
Dewey certainly qualifies and it constantly amazes Raylan and Boyd that he is still alive.
The three robbers who want Boyd's help in causing a mine cave-in to cover up their robbery of the payroll also qualify since they fully intend to double cross him afterwards. They obviously didn't think things through since they didn't know what happened to other people who crossed Boyd.
Coover Bennett lacks the criminal smarts of his mother and brothers and makes so many blunders that his mother decides to punish him by breaking his hand with a hammer. After helping them dispose of a dead body he starts cashing in the dead man's government checks and wears a watch he took from the corpse in front of the man's daughter. He dies because of this.
Dickie Bennett, meanwhile, thinks it's a good idea to restart the Bennett-Givens feud over Raylan killing Coover and start a new one with Boyd Crowder for control of the Harlan County underworld at the same time. In both cases he is defying the direct orders of his mother and, not content to merely defy Mags, he also implies that he has her blessing in what he's doing. All of this is after he thought it would be a good idea to steal a shipment of oxycontin from the Dixie Mafia, and only by the grace of God and Raylan Givens was he spared the wrath of Wynn Duffy for it.
Gary Hawkins qualifies for hiring Wynn Duffy and the Dixie Mafia to kill Raylan. If Raylan hadn't stepped in, Duffy was going to kill Gary for being a loose end that needed tying up. Given his past experience with Duffy, Gary has absolutely no excuse for not knowing better than to have anything to do with them.
Fletcher Nix apparently never considered that attempting his quick-draw trick on someone who he knows has been investigating his crime scenes might backfire.
Devil. In spades. He knows how brutal and cutthroat Boyd is yet still thinks it's a good idea to try and turn on him for control of crime in Harlan. Predictably, Boyd kills him.
He proves himself particularly incapable by putting together a plan that consists of recruiting Boyd's own cousin and then sitting down at a kitchen table with Boyd and telling him that he's about to kill him. Even if Johnny goes along, what are the chances that Boyd doesn't just shoot them first?
Tanner Dodd thought it would be a good idea to rob a paranoid bomb maker and failed to check for booby traps before trying to retrieve the money.
Danny Crowe. Even if he hadn't accidentally killed himself, he tried to kill Raylan by sprinting towards him with a knife, while Raylan had a fully loaded pistol. He was gonna die either way.
The Tooth Hurts: In "Long in the Tooth", a former mob accountant turned dentist snaps when confronted by a rude client and yanks out two of his teeth without anaesthetic.
Trademark Favorite Food: As in the short stories, Raylan is awful fond of ice cream. To the extent that he once tracked down a fugitive, then left him to his own devices while he went next door to Baskin-Robbins. In his defense, he had gotten said fugitive's word that he'd stay put. He didn't. He's also seen eating one while driving in "Money Trap."
Let's not forget the fried chicken!
We learn in "Slaughterhouse" that Errol loves Limehouse' marinated pork tongue.
Tranquil Fury: Raylan, in the first scene of the show, threatens, shoots, and kills a mobster with serene equanimity.
And again after his father betrays him and had planned to shoot him and hand him off to the Miami goons and has the nerve to call him "son".
Raylan: Don't. Don't you call me that.
Lampshaded at the end of the first episode with Raylan's ex-wife's speech to him.
Winona: Oh Raylan. You do a good job of hiding it, and suppose most folks don't see it, but honestly, you're the angriest man I've ever known. Raylan: simply looks stunned
Mags Bennett is also shown to be capable of this, and thanks to exceptional acting by Margo Martindale, it is terrifying.
True Companions: Boyd's gang. Boyd and Ava deeply love each other, and Boyd sees Arlo as a father figure. Arlo also sees Boyd as a son, taking the fall for killing Devil in "Slaughterhouse.''
Subverted with Johnny, who turns out to be a traitor at the end of "Slaughterhouse".
Also subverted with Boyd in season 4. Boyd bribes Ms. Gable into undermining Arlo's plea deal so that Boyd can hunt down Drew Thompson himself.
The Unfavorite: Coover. Becomes clear in "For Blood or Money" when Mags breaks his hand with a hammer as punishment to Dickie. This is the focus of a large portion of the episode "Brother's Keeper" in which he is openly insulted by his mother in the opening scene. Then later in the episode he snaps when Dickie taunts him on this subject, and chases Loretta to the mineshaft, where he is shot by Raylan. Even after Coover's death, Mags' only concern is that she will lose Loretta.
Dickie becomes this to Mags after Coover's death. She feels that he betrayed the family and cuts him out of the money they are getting from the mining company. She gives him control of the marijuana business as consolation but promises control of all other criminal activities to Boyd Crowder.
At the end of "Bloody Harlan" Mags finds out that Dickie is alive and under arrest but instead of trying to help him, she chooses her other sons over him even though they are dead. She kills herself to be with them again.
Best summed up by Mags' reaction to the news of the climax. Raylan walks into her house and tells her Doyle is dead. Mags says "Doyle?" and her disappointment is very evident.
Compounded the next season when Dickie looks for the money from the sale and is given a cooler with a few hundred dollars and a bundle of receipts. Mags had millions given to Loretta.
"Slaughterhouse" reveals that to Arlo, Raylan is the Unfavorite in comparison to Boyd, to whom Arlo is closer to than his own son.
Unreliable Narrator: Quarles. Earlier in season three, he claimed that he was the son that Theo Tonin always wanted, in contrast to Theo's weak-willed son Sammy. However, in "Measures," Theo is willing to put a bounty on Quarles' head for pointing a gun at his "real son," suggesting that he has greater concern for Sammy. Also, Quarles claimed that Theo arranged for him to kill his father at age 14 because Theo was horrified at the sexual abuse that Quarles' father subjected him to. However, Quarles' proclivity for similar depravity — brutalizing rent boys — only earned him exile, not death. Something isn't adding up with Quarles' backstory.
It was probably the fact that he would do that to his own son. It might also be reasoned that while Theo is disgusted by Quarles's predilection for torturing rent boys, he's more understanding of it because he knows what he went through as a child.
Unresolved Sexual Tension: As of season four, there seems to be something strange growing between Raylan and Rachel, who occasionally flirt with each other in between staring matches.
Raylan is investigating a group of criminals engaged in Organ Theft and people don't take it seriously because they know that the stories of people waking up in a bathtub missing a kidney are just an urban legend. The criminals in question use much more realistic methods.
The story of Limehouse hiding his money under the floor of the Noble's Holler church has been told and retold so many times that it reached the status of an urban legend in Harlan County. The Genre Savvy Limehouse might actually hide money there from time to time since no one believes the story anymore.
Vehicular Sabotage: In "Hammer", the second attempt to kill the judge involves sabotaging the exhaust of his car so it leaks carbon monoxide into the cabin.
Art: "Maybe he's become some kind of vigilante." Raylan: "Maybe he's Batman."
Villainous Breakdown: Dickie has been trying from the beginning to be the Big Bad but it's all for nothing when he breaks down sobbing and begging for his life when Raylan drags him out into the woods to die. Lucky for him, Raylan's conscience wouldn't let him do it. He does it again in the season finale when faced with an enraged Boyd seeking revenge for Dickie shooting Ava and begs Raylan, whom he has just been beating with a baseball bat no less, to stop him. What a bitch.
Robert Quarles seems to be starting one; he doesn't take it well when Boyd and then Raylan refuse his offers to work for him. When Raylan has his house seized and convinces his boss's son to cut off Quarles's money, he finally loses his cool and starts smashing things. Then he goes to Tulsa.
By the end of season three, Quarles has degenerated into a pathetic, desperate man in the throes of Oxycontin withdrawal. Friendless and emotionally agitated, he screams into his cell phone at Theo Tonin. "Slaughterhouse" shows him struggling to find enough money to pacify Theo. He carjacks a mother and her two sons, using the boys as hostages in an ill-conceived gambit to get $500,000 from Limehouse. It fails spectacularly.
Villainous Rescue: In "Bloody Harlan" Raylan is saved from getting beaten up by Dickie by a very, very pissed Boyd Crowder.
Speaking of Dickie, he gets saved from a couple of robbers by Limehouse.
Vote Early, Vote Often: Rigging an election in Harlan County is a complicated process since the residents are actually quite savvy to the usual tricks and tend to be swayed by populist rhetoric.
Boyd: "Harlan County elections ain't over till the dead have voted."
Wag the Director: Walt Goggins was able to score considerable creative control over his character Boyd, when the show's producers asked him if he would sign on for season one after filming the pilot. In particular, the character's transformation into a repentant Born-Again Christian was Walt's idea (along with the notion that Raylan would not believe that Boyd had reformed).
Some of the wagging may have been on Timothy Olyphant's part, considering that according to Goggins, he himself initially turned-down the role. He only agreed to take it after Olyphant sweet-talked him into it and came up with some major revisions to the character.
The other Bennett brothers also suffer from this. Dickie seems to be the only one who stands up to Mags but in the end he just wants her approval and love. Doyle gets his mother's approval but this may be because he always takes her side and she in return tends to favour him and his children.
Doyle seems to be very similar in character to Dickie but in order to gain his mother's approval he suppresses his own feelings and urges. He wants Raylan dead as much as Dickie but will not follow up on it since his mother wants to keep peace.
The season 3 finale touches that with Raylan Givens himself. It's hammered home when Arlo confesses to killing a "man in the hat" (a state trooper, but he didn't know that) to protect Boyd.
We Want Our Jerk Back: Subverted: Boyd gets this a lot from his minion, when he renounced white supremacy (a philosophy he used solely to recruit his underlings). When called out on it, Boyd basically admits that he's not going back as far as outgrowing such atrocious behavior and just wants to be a straight-forward head of a crime syndicate like his dad.
Three criminals try to pull this on Boyd after he helps them rob the mine payroll and blow the mine up as a diversion. They get blown up instead.
Arnett hadn't been making enough money on his properties for the Detroit mob so they send Quarles to Kentucky. Quarles gets Arnett's assistant to give Raylan information about Arnett's meeting with Fletcher. When subsequently Fletcher does not show up, Quarles shoots Arnett since he is no longer useful to mob. He then proceeds to shoot the assistant as well since he has no further need for her. This all happens in less than a minute and the suddenness and brutality of it cowed Wynn Duffy into submission.
After Ralyan and Art rescue Donovan from captivity in Quarles' hotel room, we never hear about him again. Did he ever tell law enforcement about Quarles torturing him and holding him captive? Was he too afraid to talk to law enforcement? Where did he go? We never find out.
Quarles tells Gary that he has two children. When his family tries to reach him on his cell phone, we see a photo of Quarles' wife with two children. However, Quarles only ever talks about his son. Where is the daughter?