The Rogues Gallery is the cast of colorful Recurring Characters that show up to torment the heroes week after week.
Having only a single antagonist can work, but as a series goes on it can become boring. On the other hand, audiences can never get attached to villains if they never come back again. The Rogues Gallery is a middle ground.
For certain special episodes, members of the Rogues Gallery may team up against the heroes, forming a Legion of Doom. Just as often they'll fight each other. If the hero helps one enemy or group of enemies against another in such a setup, it's Enemy Mine.
Sometimes, a one-shot stylish villain will be so popular with the audience that they join the ranks.
Super Hero series, borrowing from the comic books, almost always have a Rogues Gallery. Of course, villains can and do appear outside their traditional rogues galleries, fighting heroes they don't usually face. Some even become part of more than one Rogues Gallery, with the Marvel villain Kingpin being a major enemy of both Daredevil and Spider-Man. When this occurs to such an extent that the villain becomes more identified with the new hero, they become a Rogues Gallery Transplant.
However large and varied the Rogues Gallery, it will usually contain at least one villain who is considered to be the hero's Arch-Enemy. There is also a good chance that it will contain an Evil Counterpart (who may or may not be the same person as the Arch-Enemy).
In order to allow the heroes to sometimes win against the rogues but still leave the villains available for re-use, the prison that they're put in will often be incredibly easy to escape from, or they'll feign having reformed so that they get allowed out, or they'll genuinely seek to reform and get allowed out, then revert to their old obsessions. Overall, members of the gallery tend to be protected by Joker Immunity.
It is also common for a hero's Rogues Gallery to have some kind of unifying theme that either reflects or contrasts with the personality, powers and/or origin of the hero himself. For example, most of Spider-Man's enemies gained their powers through scientific mishaps, and many use animal motifs in their names and costumes. Conversely, Batman's array of brightly-colored lunatics falls squarely into the "contrasts with" category, with a smattering of reflection given Batman's own borderline personality - but it's also composed mostly of Badass Normals like Bats himself. If all or most of the villains in the Rogues Gallery are linked in this way, then you have a Thematic Rogues Gallery.
While this trope is most prevalent in Super Hero stories, it's by no means restricted to them, as some of the examples below show. As long as the franchise has a group of recognizable, distinct antagonists who continually return to cause trouble for the hero, they count as a Rogues Gallery.
Compare Big Bad Ensemble, which is similar but refers to a number of major villains being active, and distinct, threats at a given time, and revolves around the threat they pose rather than the hero whose enemy they are. Contrast Monster of the Week, which is a parade of one-shot villains.
Individual members of a Rogues Gallery have a strong tendency towards The Gimmick, for subtly obvious reasons.
The name of the trope comes from the row of "Wanted" posters displayed in police stations.
Batman's former sidekick Nightwing has his own gallery, including villains that have plagued him from his days with Batman and the Titans: Blockbuster, Torque, the Tarantula, Nite-Wing, Double Dare, Hellhound, Amygdala, the Pierce Brothers... In a mild subversion, one of them is Shrike, an assassin Nightwing befriended while undercover receiving assassin's training. He thinks that he's Nightwing's worst foe; in reality, Nightwing doesn't even consider him a threat, on one occasion ignoring him and walking away while Shrike chased after him, trying (and failing) to hit him.
As has already been alluded to, many individual members of the Bat-Family all have their own rogues galleries too. Combine them all and you arguably have the biggest rogues gallery in comics history, with new members being added all the time.
To be fair, Darkseid and other elements of the Fourth World were introduced in Jack Kirby's Jimmy Olsen comics, so they were, by extension, always a part of the Superman Mythos. And, in any case, their storylines were awesome.
The villains are also good examples of villains crossing over to fight new heroes besides their traditional sparring partners. Electro, for example, has become an enemy to Daredevil as well as Spider-Man, while Spidey himself has thrown down with the enemies of everyone from Iron Man to the Hulk to Captain Marvel.
Spider-Girl, his daughter, has a nice rogues gallery as well. Crazy Eight, Killerwatt, the Dragon King, Funny Face, Soldiers of the Serpent, Quickwire, the Hobgoblin, Earthshaker, Mr. Abnormal, Aftershock, Apox, Angel Face, Fury the Goblin Queen, Mr. Nobody, Carolyn Trainer, Killer Frost, Reverb, Black Tarantula, etc., etc., etc.
Due to villain attrition such as the death of Kraven and the reforming of Sandman as a hero, the Sinister Six has seen a lot of villains take part of the sextet as Doc Ock sought to fill up the empty slots any way he could just to preserve the group name.
The Flash, in his comic-book incarnation, has an impressively large Rogues Gallery, the most recognizable of which include Captain Cold, the Trickster, Mirror Master, Captain Boomerang, Weather Wizard, the Shade, Gorilla Grodd, Heat Wave, the Reverse-Flashes etc. They were also marked being a really unambitious bunch, considering they all have some incredibly powerful tech and the best use most can think of is simple robberies of local targets. It's implied that many are at least as unstable as Batman's. Most actually called themselves "The Rogues" and are unusually social for supervillains. Gorilla Grodd and Zoom the Reverse Flash are not members of and actually hate the Rogues (the feeling is mutual—the fact that said two villains are probably the most heinous of the Flash's foes is implied to play a large part in the mutual dislike). The Rogues, in turn, have shunned other members of the Flash's Rogues Gallery, such as Abra Kadabra and the Rainbow Raider/s, though they will tolerate them when something big comes up (like Captain Boomerang's funeral) or when their goals coincide.
Depending on when the comics were printed, some of Wally's Rogues were sometimes depicted as being Punch Clock Villains who were actually almost friendswith the Flash. Notably, scenes like this◊ actually happened in the comic, not just on the cover (that one happened because the Trickster sent Wally an invitation to a Rogues party as a joke - Wally had a date and no better ideas, so he decided to take him up on the invite. All involved find themselves having a surprisingly good time.).
The rogues named above were largely enemies of Barry Allen during his run as the Flash in the Silver Age period, and in fact nearly all of them were introduced at that time when the Flash, among other heroes, was being retooled for the then-modern comic era. Enemies peculiar to Jay Garrick, Barry's Golden Age predecessor, included the Turtle, the Thinker, the Fiddler, the Thorn, the Eel, the Rival (Jay's own Reverse-Flash, who merely wore a darker version of Jay's costume with a mask), Rag Doll, and Vandal Savage; while Wally West, Barry's successor, got unique enemies such as Blacksmith, Murmur, Magenta, Girder, Plunder, Cicada, Brother Grimm, Neron, Razer, Peek-a-boo, Tar Pit, and Double Down. A lot of Barry's traditional foes clashed with Wally as well, and some even got successors to their titles, including a new Trickster (Axel Walker, a spoiled rich kid who stole James Jesse's gimmicks and went into crime For the Evulz) and Zoom (HunterZolomon, inspired by Eobard Thawne).
The Shazam Captain Marvel. Includes Dr. Sivana (and all four of his children), Mr. Mind, Black Adam, Mr. Atom, Ibac the Invincible, Sabbac, Oggar, King Kull, the crocodile-gangsters of Planet Punkus, etc. Most (save Black Adam) haven't appeared much lately, but they tend to congregate as the Monster Society of Evil.
The Monster Society has the distinction of being the first recurring villain team in comics. So it was Captain Marvel's gallery who first came up with the idea of teaming up to destroy the hero (a tactic which proved about as successful as it usually does.)
The X-Men have Magneto, Mystique, Apocalypse, Mr. Sinister, Reverend (or Colonel) Stryker, the Shadow King, Black Tom Cassidy, Selene, Sabretooth, The Juggernaut, etc. X-Men being a book about a team, they've got even more groups as enemies: the Brotherhood of Mutants, the Hellfire Club, the Savage Land mutates, the original Hellions, the Acolytes, the Marauders, the Four Horsemen, the Sentinels, and on and on. Team names tend to get reused, and individual members get around a lot, nearly as much as with the X-Men themselves.
Making things even more complicated, a few X-Men have their own Rogues galleries! Wolverine has everyone ever involved with the Weapon Plus project (Sabretooth, Lady Deathstrike, etc.), Jean Grey (thanks to being the incarnation of the Phoenix) is on the entire Shi'ar Empire's shit list, and Xavier himself has personal issues with Magneto, the Shadow King, Cassandra Nova, and Cain "Juggernaut" Marko. Cyclops and his brother Havok are of special interest to Mr. Sinister (who has up to THREE teams of Psycho for Hire assassins!), Beast has to deal with his Age of Apocalypse Evil Counterpart Dark Beast, Banshee and Black Tom are cousins, and Colossus has a Cain and Abel dynamic with his brother Mikhael Rasputin. The X-Men have so many enemies it's a wonder how they keep track of them all. And while some of the above are currently dead, this is X-Men, so they'll probably be back.
Each Green Lantern to headline his own series has had a collection of recurring foes, though they rarely if ever have teamed up collectively.
Alan Scott: Vandal Savage (arguably his archnemesis), Solomon Grundy, the Sportsman, the Icicle, the Gambler, the Harlequin (who actually only became a villain in the first place to date, and, subsequently, marry Alan) and the Thorn (the mother of his two children).
Hal Jordan: Sinestro (definitely his archnemesis), the Manhunters, Kanjar Ro, Atrocitus, Hector Hammond, Star Sapphire (Hal's sometimes-girlfriend), Dr. Polaris, the Tattooed Man, Evil Star, Black Hand, Goldface (another Heel Face Turn), Sonar, and the Shark.
Kyle Rayner: Major Force (on loan from Captain Atom and not really his archnemesis, but he's loomed large in Kyle's life anyway, thanks largely to what he did to his first girlfriend), Oblivion, Grayven, Effigy, Alex Nero, Fatality, Brainwave Jr., and Amon Sur. Kyle, in an issue of his comic, bemoans the fact that he has a lousy Rogues Gallery, compared to his friend Wally West (The Flash).
As of Green Lantern: Rebirth and the subsequent relaunch of the franchise, Hal and Kyle's galleries have more or less merged into a collective Rogues Gallery for the entire Green Lantern Corps, with the additions of Parallax, Mongul, Cyborg-Superman, Superboy-Prime, Krona, and the Sinestro Corps.
Furthermore, the GL Corps now have their own rival factions, including the Red Lanterns, Black Lanterns, Agent Orange, and the aforementioned Sinestro Corps. The Star Sapphire name is now applied to a corps as well, although they don't have any designs towards antagonizing the Green Lanterns.
In addition to their individual enemies, the Justice League of America had a handful of villains that regularly fought them as a team: Amazo, Despero, Starro the Conqueror, Kanjar Ro, Starbreaker, The Shaggy Man (later known as the General), The Queen Bee, and Prometheus, to name but a few.
Two of the most famous villain teams are the Injustice League and the Secret Society of Supervillains.
The Justice Society of America's Rogues Gallery is made up mostly of the surviving foes of their individual members from back in The Golden Age of Comic Books, as well as said foes' legacies and a few add-ons from more recent years. These include but are not limited to: Vandal Savage, the Wizard, and the Ultra-Humanite (more or less collectively the team's archfoes), plus Per Degaton, Wotan, Solomon Grundy, the Rival, the Tigress, Shiv, the Gentleman Ghost, Johnny Sorrow, Roulette, Icicle II, the Thinker, Killer Wasp, Rag Doll, and on-again-off-again Anti-Hero Black Adam.
Both the League and the Society occasionally fall foul of various terrorist groups (Kobra, the Illuminati) and shadowy government organizations (The D.E.O., The Agency, Checkmate).
Likewise, The Avengers fought both the enemies of their individual members (such as Loki and The Red Skull) and their own collective enemies, including Ultron, Kang the Conqueror, Graviton, Count Nefaria, and the various incarnations of The Masters of Evil.
Since Iron Man began as a vehicle for Cold War stories, his gallery were nearly all communists - the Mandarin (not technically a communist but more of a Yellow Peril), the Crimson Dynamo, the Unicorn, and the Titanium Man. Eventually, when the Cold War threats died down, his enemies became tailored to be antagonists to a playboy industrialist millionaire: Iron Monger, Justin Hammer and Sunset Bain (two business rivals), Doctor Doom (a dictator and technocrat who has what may be an even more powerful suit of armor than his own), the Ghost (an industrial saboteur), Whiplash/Blacklash (one of Hammer's longtime employees), the Blizzard (an embittered ex-employee who was fired by Stark for stealing from the company, and created his own suit of armor in an attempt at revenge), Firebrand (a radical anarchist determined to destroy capitalism and lead a utopian revolution), the Spymaster (an industrial spy), Madame Masque (a masked criminal saboteur, as well as an on-again, off-again girlfriend), Firepower (an armored warrior sponsored by the U.S. government, who wanted to destroy Iron Man when they thought he had gone rogue), the Melter (a crooked industrialist who was run out of business and set out to sabotage Stark Enterprises), Sunturion (another armored warrior who worked for a rival company), and the Living Laser (a psychopath with deadly laser blasters strapped to his wrists, who started out lusting after one of Iron Man's teammates but soon developed a loathing for Iron Man himself).
The Teen Titans have had Deathstroke, Terra, Trigon, Brother Blood, Blackfire, Psimon, and occasionally the Brotherhood of Evil. More recent additions are Jericho and evil counterparts like the Terror Titans and the Titans of Tomorrow.
Sleepwalker had a strange collection of original villains, including costumed criminals (8-Ball, the Chain Gang, Spectra, Psyko), uncostumed villains (Lullaby and the Bookworm), crazed government agents (the Office of Insufficient Evidence, the Thought Police), and supernatural demons (Mr. Jyn and Cobweb). In his short career, Sleepy also found time to mess with the villains of the X-Men (Brotherhood of Evil Mutants), Spider-Man (the Hobgoblin), and Doctor Strange (Nightmare).
Averted in Watchmen: One of the reasons the first wave of masked crime-fighters didn't work out well was that there weren't nearly as many villains that wore costumes, and they just ended up convincing criminals to work in less conspicuous ways.
Naturally Doctor Strange, the Sorcerer Supreme of Marvel Comics, has a rogues gallery, although it's extremely unusual. Strange's foes range from other human sorcerers (Baron Mordo) to demonic entities from other dimensions who want to take over the Earth (Nightmare, Dormammu, the Dweller-in-Darkness) to out-and-out Eldritch Abominations (Shuma-Gorath) to ancient super weapons left behind (Zom). To complicate matters, sometimes these entities use humans as agents or vessels to attack Strange when they can't go after him directly (e.g. Dormammu possessing The Hood).
Even though her series is only 38 issues long, Kate Spencer, the Manhunter, has quite an impressive rogues gallery. Sweeney Todd, Copperhead, the Monocle, Phobia, Dr. Phobia, Everyman, and Vesetech.
While for rather obvious reasons The Punisher has a small rogues gallery in the sense of recurring targets... Jigsaw is the most long-running character he's ever had to deal with, even when the original Jigsaw was killed in the regular Marvel Universe, as Stuart Clarke eventually "succeeded" him, although Nicky Cavella (2 arcs) and Kathie O'Brien's husband Rawlins (3), and finally the Generals briefly joined in the MAX universe under Garth Ennis' years as author.
Barracuda, the Made of Ironbackstabbing mercenary introduced in the MAX universe also lasted for a few arcs and got his own miniseries. After surviving a ridiculous number of injuries throughout the series, Barracuda was finally Killed Off for Real after Frank tore off his nose with a pair of pliers, chopped off his arms, and blew his head off with an AK-47.
The Fantastic Four have a rather wide ranging gallery, from Galactus to Doctor Doom to The Red Ghost and his Super Apes. It says something, however, that their "Oh, right, it's Tuesday again. And right in the middle of Andy Griffith" foes are most of the universe's "Anyone know a really, really interventionist deity?" foes. (Obviously, this does not apply to the Super Apes.)
In the very early stories written by Stan Lee, even the Human Torch and Ant-Man had their own rogue's galleries before they became full-time team heroes. The Torch faced off against the Beetle, Plant-Man, the Trapster, and the Wizard, while Ant-Man battled the likes of Whirlwind, Egghead, and the Porcupine. The Wizard went on to become a significant threat to the Fantastic Four, while the rest of them languished as minor villains... they weren't Stan's best creations.
The Mighty Thor's rogues gallery is a strange mishmash of mythological villains and costumed criminals. Some of his enemies are derived from Norse Mythology, like his brother Loki, and the fire giant Surtur, and those who hail from the worlds of myth but were created by Stan Lee like Ulik the rock troll, Amora the Enchantress, and Skurge the Executioner, but even in the early Stan Lee-scripted stories he fought mortal villains like the Wrecking Crew, the Absorbing Man, Mister Hyde, the Cobra, Radioactive Man, Zarrko, and the Grey Gargoyle.
Different incarnations of the Ghost Rider had their own rogues galleries, including both demonic villains like Deathwatch, Blackout, Hag & Troll and Lilith, and more conventional costumed villains like the Orb, the Water Wizard, and Marvel's own version of the Scarecrow.
A non-superhero example would be with Scrooge McDuck, most notably in the comics by Carl Barks and Don Rosa. Along with the BeagleBoys, who are constantly trying to rob Scrooge blind, he has to contend with Magica De Spelle, an evil sorceress who constantly tries to steal Scrooge's Number One Dime because she thinks it has magic powers; the snooty John D. Rockerduck, who simply inherited his money instead of working for it like Scrooge did; and FlintheartGlomgold, who has all of Scrooge's drive and determination but none of his ethics or morals. Later day additions include the country of Brutopia and Arpine Lusene (who's out to steal Scrooge's money simply to show that he can, or, at the very least, make it disappear so he can claim he did.)
The Beagle Boys, Flintheart, and Magica all became regulars on DuckTales.
Interestingly, while both come from the original canon, Rockerduck and Flintheart rarely if ever are featured in the same canon in modern comics. In America Flintheart is prevalent while in Europe Rockerduck is more famous, and as a result hardly any American fan is aware of Rockerduck and the same applies to European fans for Flintheart, which resulted in their personalities to have evolved over time to be the same. Thus, you can call Rockerduck's "Europe's Flintheart" and Flintheart "America's Rockerduck".
Deconstructed in Bates and Weisman's version of Captain Atom, in which Cap had a fictitious rogues' gallery that the military designed for him as part of his publicly-revealed false origin. Since that origin was his original, Silver AgeCharlton origin, his fake rogues' gallery, most notably Dr. Spectro, were drawn from his actual Charlton stories. On top of which, some of these fake villains later becamereal ones. Plus which, they, along with many of his other actual rogues, including, again, Dr. Spectro, as well as Major Force, The Ghost (at one time), and Wade Eiling, worked for the same secret military project he himself worked for. He also had "regular" rogues like Plastique and the Queen Bee.
The Legion of Super-Heroes has loads and loads of recurring enemies, including at least three teams of villains:
The Fatal Five: Tharok, Manos, Validus, Emerald Empress, and the Persuader (plus, on one occasion, Mordecai standing in for Validus).
The Legion of Super-Villains: Lightning Lord, Saturn Queen, Cosmic King, Chameleon Chief, Esper Lass, Hunter, Magno Lad, Micro Lad, Nemesis Kid, Ol-Vir, Radiation Roy, Ron-Karr, Spider Girl, Sun Emperor, Tyr, and Zymyr.
The Justice League of Earth: Earth-Man, Storm Boy, Golden Boy, Tusker, Eyeful Ethel, and Radiation Roy and Spider Girl from the LSV.
And numerous unaffiliated villains: Mordru, the Time Trapper, Computo, Universo, the Dark Circle, Leland McCauley, Imperiex, Evillo, Grimbor the Chainsman, and so on and so forth.
Judge Dredd has a rather small gallery, since (much like Punisher) most of his enemies end up dead, and many of those that he sends to prison don't pop up again. Recurring villains include Judge Death, PJ Maybe, and the recently retired Mean Machine Angel. One could perhaps also add Orlok, though he tends to tangle more with Anderson.
Scott Pilgrim has Ramona's league of evil exes as part of Scott's rogues gallery. They are Matthew Patel, Lucas Lee, Todd Ingram, Roxy Richter, Kyle and Ken Katayanagi, Gideon Graves. Envy Adams also serves as part of the rogues gallery throughout books 3 and 6 but in the end she makes a Heel Face Turn.
DC's Firestorm has a Rogues Gallery that could be charitably described as... deficient. Not only are the vast majority laughably underpowered compared to the hero (who has to carry around an Idiot Ball the size of a house for them to be any threat to him whatsoever), but they seem to made up mostly of perverts or offensive stereotypes. This article covers several of the worst offenders.
But at least there were both Killer Frosts, Typhoon, Brimstone, and Tokamak. None of whom were slouches in the power department.
Before they lost their powers en masse, the Order of Despots was this to the Pantheon in All Fall Down.
Even Howard the Duck had an off-kilter Rogues' Gallery, headlined by recurring nemeses Doctor Bong and the Kidney Lady, and including the likes of Pro-Rata, the Cosmic Accountant; Doctor Angst, Master of Mundane Mysticism; Betsy the Hellcow; and Le Beaver.
Austin Powers both uses and subverts the trope: Most of the villains in the piece are already part of a single organization, and most of them are killed off by the Big Bad, Dr. Evil, at the beginning of the movie. However, a few new ones are introduced throughout the series, and since they aren't killed, they comprise a sort of Rogues Gallery—until most of them turn good, leaving only one as truly evil and the other imprisoned.
Though each book has its own villains, The Dresden Files does have a number of recurring villains and factions who make trouble for the eponymous wizard, including the Denarians, Cowl, Queen Mab, the Black Court, the Red Court, the White Court, and the Black Council.
Jess Nevins notes that Dr. Jack Quartz assembled many of Nick Carter's former foes as part of a coordinated effort against Nick Carter.
Sexton Blake also had recurring foes.
Percy Jackson of Percy Jackson and the Olympians ends up having a rogue's gallery of various Greek (and now Roman) characters, including the Furies, the Minotaur, Medusa, Cerberus, Hyperion, Kronos, Gaea, Polybotes, Ares, Luke Castellan, The Nemean Lion, The Gorgons and Anteus, among others. Similarly, the Egyptian heroes of The Kane Chronicles, which take place in the same universe, have a rogues gallery of their own, including Aphophis, Setne, Sobek, and Vladimir Menshikov . Though, due to how there are far less named monsters in Egyptian Mythology, and being a shorter book series, its naturally going to be less than Percy's.
The PBS game show Where In The World Is Carmen Sandiego? had a recurring group of criminals, one of whom would feature as the villain the contestants had to capture in any given episode - Double Trouble, Patty Larceny, Eartha Brute, Top Grunge, Vic the Slick...
Though Firefly only ran for a few episodes, the series made a point to have multiple instances of recurring villains, including Adelai Niska, Saffron, the Hands of Blue, and, in the comic series Those Left Behind, Lawrence Dobson.
The BBC has taken to dubbing the Doctor's Rogues Gallery the "Carnival of Monsters", a name derived from the title of a serial in which, strangely, only two of them appear.
Star Trek had gotten a progressively larger one as time went on. While The Original Series only had Klingons and Romulans, later series would give us the Ferengi (for a while), the Cardassians, the Breen, the Dominion, the Kazon, the Vidians, and the Borg.
Santino from the Filipino drama May Bukas Pa has enemies varied as an atheistic reporter out to destroy his reputation to a syndicate leader who abducts children to the corrupt town mayor who is also his father. Santino is only 6 years old.
The Cape collected a cadre of creepy criminals to combat, including Chess, Scales, Cain, Goggles and Hicks, Dice, Razer, Kozmo, the Lich, and frienemies Marty Voyt and the Carnival of Crime.
Parodied in Calvin And Hobbes with Calvin's alter-ego Stupendous Man when Calvin imagines many of the people he knows as his supervillainous enemies. Susie becomes "Annoying Girl", Miss Wormwood becomes the "Crab Teacher," Rosalyn becomes "Baby-Sitter Girl," and Calvin's Mom becomes Stupendous Man's Arch-Enemy, "Mom-Lady."
A comic strip in the Philippines, entitled 'Pugad Baboy' (translated: Pig's Nest), about a town of fat Filipinos features several long-story adventure arcs with its protagonist talking dog, Polgas (translated: "Flea"). Polgas has amassed a bit of a Rogues Gallery with recurring villains such as Atong Damuho, Col. Manyakis, and Sendong Langib. Read The Other Wiki for details: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_villains_in_Pugad_Baboy
Dick Tracy could be considered a Trope Maker, as he had his own Rogues Gallery (Big Boy, Pruneface, Flattop, Mumbles, etc.) decades before many of the others, though Dick tended to off his foes after one or two appearances.
Slylock Fox has a list of villains who he always has to outfit in every strip. His Rogues Gallery consists of Count Weirdly, Wanda Witch, Slick Smitty, Reeky Rat, Shady Shrew, Cassandra Cat, Harry Ape, Koppy Kat, and Buford Bull.
Geo Stelar's Mega Man has accumulated a Rogues Gallery, some reoccurring after their main arc. Taurus Fire, Cygnus Wing, Harp Note, Libra Scales, Queen Ophiuca, Gemini Thunder and King Cepheus in the first game. Dark Phantom, Yeti Blizzard, Solo-Rogue, Plesio Surf, Terra Condor, Hollow and Vega with Taurus Fire, Harp Note and Queen Ophiuca returning for their second round. Then in the third game are the dealers consisting of Mr. King, Joker, Tia and her little brother, their alien partners Virgo/Corvus and Heartless. Also returning for their second round are Dark Phantom and Solo-Rogue and returning for his third round is Taurus Fire.
Earthworm Jim has a rogue's gallery in both the game and cartoon continuities, with some villains unique to each continuity. Villains present in both continuities are Queen Slug-for-a-Butt, Psy-Crow, Evil the Cat, Bob the Killer Goldfish, and Professor Monkey-For-A-Head. Game-exclusive villains are Chuck and Fifi, Big Bruty, Major Mucus, Doctor Duodenum, Pedro Pupa, the Flamin' Yawn, Fatty Roswell and Earthworm Kim, while the most prominent cartoon-exclusive villain was Evil Jim (although he did make an appearance in the Game Boy ColorEWJ game, making him a Canon Immigrant).
While the 1979 movie of The Warriors just had Luther, the 2005 videogame adaptation provided Cleon, Swan, and company with a whole array of colorful gang leaders: Chatterbox, Cobb, Big Moe, and Ghost, to name a few - and Cleon's oldest enemy, Virgil.
Surprisingly, despite being a Super Hero game, City of Heroes didn't really have a Rogues Gallery to speak of - mostly its enemies formed entire factions, the leaders of which only occasionally appeared. But Issue 18 introduced an actual Rogues Gallery faction consisting of a multitude of heroes, villains, rogues, and vigilantes with their own backstories and motivations for players to battle during Tip and Morality Missions.
This hasn't stopped players from creating their own rogues galleries beforehand, either through making other characters, the Mission Architect, or simple roleplaying. And many of the game's canonical heroes have particular enemies they fight. (Statesman and Lord Recluse, Back Alley Brawler and drugs in general, and so on.)
Champions Online actually allows the player to create his or her OWN Rogues Gallery with the Nemesis game mechanic. Starting at level 25, the player creates a custom costumed supervillain with a basic powerset, chooses their minion types, and gives him one of three personality types. For quite a while longer, those minions will occasionally try to ambush the player, dropping "clues" which lead to anti-Nemesis minions. Eventually the Nemesis is defeated "for good", and the player can create a NEW Nemesis - or, if they prefer, can even reactivate a previous one. If a player sticks with a level-capped character long enough, (s)he can create a really significant gallery for himself / herself.
Superhero City has a wide and varied Rogues Gallery for your character to battle, whether through missions or as bosses in raids that you can summon to combat and get Experience Points. The major villains, counting raid bosses, include: Crime boss Kingpin and his primary enforcer Suit, ninja lord Fuma Hanzo, werewolf pack leader Silvermane, voodoo master Lou, Amazon leader Shieka, galactic conquerors Astronickus and Kemma Azonix, vampire lord Lucius Bloodvayne, Eldritch Abomination Hollow King, Atlantean racist Dr. Argon, and Horsemen of the Apocalypse Conquest, War, Famine, and Death.
The Adventures of Dr. McNinja has been building up towards a proper gallery for some time now, with members like King Radical, Dracula, Frans Rayner, Mongo the Uberninja, Ronald McBonald, and Dr. Luchadore.
The Order of the Stick often brings villains back in new arcs, especially the Linear Guild, with its rotating cast of evil opposites (some of which return each time), and arguably Miko being brought back after her initial "go fetch the Order" arc to participate in the Battle of Azure City.
Currently, the Order's rouge's gallery consists of the members of Xykon's Team Evil, the Linear Guild, the Thieves' Guild (technically), General Tarquin (and by extension, Tarquin's co-conspirators in the other two Western empires), the IFCC (though only V knows about them, and he/she doesn't know the extent of their threat), and Qarr the imp. Miko and Kubota both qualified, but not anymore, due to both being dead.
The Non-Adventures of Wonderella parodies this trope as all members of her Rogues Gallery have names ending in 'ella. She even told one would-be nemesis whose first alias did not end in 'ella that she couldn't be in her Rogue's Gallery until she got with the program. (They also function as a support group.)
Interviewing Leather discusses these sorts of groups, from the so-called "C-list super villain" perspective. The Henchman's guild charges them a LOT more, due to the higher injury and death rates... And the work tends to be less profitable over all. They do get more publicity, though.
Most of the heroes in the Global Guardians PBEM Universe have a Rogues Gallery that was created by their player specifically for the characters. In some cases, a hero team would have one (mostly created by the Game Master).
Battlecat's Rogues Gallery includes Demise, Baron Samedi, Blackwing, Domino, James DeLongis ("costumes and fancy names are for pussies), Jane Doe, and Black Annis.
The Crimestoppers regularly fight Evil Mensa, the Seventh-Inning Stretch, the Capital Gang, The Blank, the One Name Bandits, and the Five Senses (Not Six, Because ESP Isn't Really a Sense in the Traditional Sense of the Word).
The New York Knights fight the Brothers Grimm, Bodyshop, Play Time, Overdrive, and the Brain Trust.
Disney's official hero team, Imagination, regularly opposes the Gear Grinders, Small Wonder, Tom Foolery, the Marauders, and the Heroes of Filmland (a rival hero team sponsored by Universal Studios).
The Students at the Hyperion Academy have come up against the Exiles (a group of disaffected, superpowered runaway teenagers), Doctor XX and her minions, the Scions (a group of telepathic teenage siblings), and El Cerebro.
That Guy with the Glasses has been developing a few throughout it's shows, mainly thanks to the increasing amounts of plot present in them.
Codename Kids Next Door had a very large roster of villains including Father, Delightful Children From Down The Lane, Common Cold, Knightbrace, Grandma Stuffin, Crazy Old Cat Lady, Stickybeard, Chester, Mr.Boss and many others.
Some of them even teamed up at one point to beat Kim.
The original Jonny Quest had only one recurring villain: Doctor Zin. In the first season of the '90s revival, Jonny Quest The Real Adventures, the writers introduced two comparable foes, Jeremiah Surd and Ezekiel Rage. When old-school JQ fans took over in the second season, they were promptly killed off in favor of bringing back Doctor Zin.
Who also promptly died, leaving his previously unknown twin daughters to take over for him.
For a short-lived series, SWAT Kats had an extensive list of villains: Dark Kat, Dr. Viper, the Metallikats, the Pastmaster, Hard Drive... and that's listing only the baddies who appeared more than once.
Which is largely Danny's fault, given that his standard method of dealing with villains is to just force them to go home. You'd think he'd try a more permanent method of containment for the dangerous ones.
Static Shock has a rogue gallery as a result from genetic mutant explosion, many teens gained superpowers and are known as "Bang Babies." Static would usually fight Ebon, Hotstreak, Shiv, Talon, Kangorr, Aquamaria, Ferret, and many others. However some of these "Bang Babies" are just confused and stressed young kids who don't know what to do, which sometimes leads to a Heel Face Turn.
For a cartoon of The Eighties, Adventures Of The Galaxy Rangers had a pretty substantial Rogues Gallery; the Queen of the Crown (The Big Bad), Lazarus Slade, The Scarecrow, Jackie Subtract, Ryker Killbane (and the other rogue Supertroopers), Brappo, The Black Hole Gang (especially Macross and Daisy O'Mega), Nimrod, "Wild" Bill Krebbs, and more. Not bad for one season!
The 80s Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles series also had its fair share of recurring villains. Apart from the regular Shredder, Krang, and Rocksteady and Bebop there were also multiple appearances from Baxter Stockman, Butcher, Slash, Leatherhead, Rat King. The episode titled "Night of The Rogues" featured some of these recurring villains along with some who had previously only had a single appearance in the series such as Chrome Dome and Tempestra.
The 2003 series has (obviously) Shredder, Baxter, once again, Agent Bishop, the Garbageman, Drago, Hun, Karai, and the Triceratons as well as the Federation.
The Mask also had a recurring gallery of villains including the arch-nemesis Doctor Pretorius, his henchman Walter, Kablamus, Chronos, The Terrible Two (Putty Thing and Fish Guy), The Tempest, The Shark and his gang of biker thugs, Gorgonzola the Cheese Witch, and the Devil himself, among others. There have been occasional supervillain team-ups.
Xiaolin Showdown has Jack Spicer (and his Jackbots), Wuya, Chase Young, and Hannibal Roy Bean as main villains as well as Le Mime, Mala Mala Jong, Katnappe, Pandabubba, Cyclops, Tubbimura, Vlad, and Gigi.
The Teen Titans had a Rogues Gallery including Slade, who usually employed Cinderblock, Plasmus, or Overload, the Hive Five with Jinx, Mammoth, and Gizmo, and several other reoccurring villains such as Mad Mod, Dr. Light, Mumbo, and Control Freak. Eventually nearly all of the previous villains teamed up to form the Brotherhood of Evil. Control Freak was particularly offended when the Titans didnt include him on their list of villains to watch out for because, as he lampshades, I am a reoccurring villain.
The Silver Hawks, being essentially space cops, have a Rogues Gallery in the gang of space-criminals known as Mon*Star's Mob, consisting of the leader Mon*Star and his henchmen Yes-Man, Hardware, Melodia, Windhammer, Molec-U-lar, Mumbo Jumbo, Poker-Face, Buzz-Saw and Timestopper. Other villains in the series include Zero the Memory-thief (who worked occasionally with Mon*Star's mob), the Rhino, the Cyclops, the Space Bandit and the Bounty Hunter.
The DCAU's Justice League, naturally, had several enemies they had to fight, most notably from the heroes' respective comic book Rogues Galleries, but also a number of one-shot villains and a few original characters created for the show. Among the most recognizable and most recurring foes the League had to fight: Lex Luthor, Vandal Savage, Morgan le Fay and her son Mordred, Solomon Grundy, Copperhead, Star Sapphire, Cheetah, the Shade, the Joker, Sinestro, Killer Frost, Gorilla Grodd, Dr. Destiny, Metallo, Toyman, Brainiac, Weather Wizard, Mongul, Shadow-thief, Roulette, and Darkseid and the forces of Apokolips. Many of these enemies usually worked in groups, often as members of the Injustice League or the Secret Society, and many of them later joined the wider ranks of the Legion of Doom.
Also, among the most notable of the one-shot villains: the Imperium, the Manhunters, Brainwave, the Justice Lords, Eclipso, Orm the Ocean-Master, Despero, Aresia, and Chronos the Time-thief.
TUFF Puppy is building up a fair gallery of recurring villains. Along with Verminious Snaptrap and his D.O.O.M. colleagues, there is also Chameleon, Birdbrain, Caped Cod, Quacky and Jack Rabbit.
The Mortal Kombat Wiki has their own little Gallery, compromised of two Trolls:Mollusc/Maniac Cop and Barry, a troll who has ban evaded and gone under numerous alternate usernames. Mollusc was particularly annoying and constantly swore revenge, before the user Byakuya600 infinitely range blocked him, so nobody, even logged in users, who were on his IP Address could use the MK Wiki. And I Must Scream, indeed.